List of National Historic Landmarks in Texas

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This is a List of National Historic Landmarks in Texas and other landmarks of equivalent landmark status in the state. The United States' National Historic Landmark (NHL) program is operated under the auspices of the National Park Service, and recognizes structures, districts, objects, and similar resources according to a list of criteria of national significance.[1] There are 46 NHLs in Texas.[2]

Current National Historic Landmarks in Texas[edit]

The 46 NHLs in Texas are distributed across just 29 of the 254 counties in the state. Eight of the sites are in Bexar County.

[3]Landmark nameImageDate designated[4]LocationCountyDescription
1Alamo
Alamo Mission in San Antonio
December 19, 1960
(#66000808)
San Antonio
29°25′25″N 98°29′09″W / 29.423525°N 98.485778°W / 29.423525; -98.485778 (Alamo)
BexarFormer mission and fortress compound; now a museum; built by the Spanish Empire in the 18th century; later used as a fortress in the 19th century; scene of the 1836 Battle of the Alamo
2Apollo Mission Control Center
Apollo Mission Control Center
October 3, 1985
(#85002815)
Houston
29°33′23″N 95°05′18″W / 29.556471°N 95.088460°W / 29.556471; -95.088460 (Apollo Mission Control Center)
HarrisNASA control center
3Bastrop State Park
Bastrop State Park Lake is surrounded by the "Lost Pines of Texas" and is prime breeding ground for the Houston toad.
September 25, 1997
(#97001242)
Bastrop
30°06′39″N 97°16′25″W / 30.110833°N 97.273611°W / 30.110833; -97.273611 (Bastrop State Park)
BastropThis park was designed in the 1930s as a showcase of Civilian Conservation Corps work. Its facilities were designed by CCC architect Herbert Maier.
4Dealey Plaza Historic District
100 px
October 12, 1993
(#93001607)
Dallas
32°46′43″N 96°48′30″W / 32.778611°N 96.808333°W / 32.778611; -96.808333 (Dealey Plaza Historic District)
DallasSite of Kennedy assassination and surrounding buildings that are rumored to have held additional assassins.
5East End Historic District
1967 HABS photo. Also known as Bishop's Palace
May 11, 1976
(#75001979)
Galveston
29°18′16″N 94°46′58″W / 29.304444°N 94.782778°W / 29.304444; -94.782778 (East End Historic District)
GalvestonGalveston's East End was where the city elite built a number of elaborate mansions.
6ELISSA (Bark)
ELISSA (Bark)
December 14, 1990
(#78002930)
Galveston
29°20′00″N 94°46′39″W / 29.333255°N 94.777452°W / 29.333255; -94.777452 (ELISSA (Bark))
GalvestonTall ship launched in 1877
7Espada Aqueduct
Espada Aqueduct
July 19, 1964
(#66000809)
San Antonio
29°18′16″N 98°28′10″W / 29.304556°N 98.469444°W / 29.304556; -98.469444 (Espada Aqueduct)
BexarBuilt by Franciscan friars in 1731 to supply irrigation water to the lands near Mission San Francisco de la Espada
8Fair Park Texas Centennial Buildings
100 px
September 24, 1986
(#86003488)
Dallas
32°46′55″N 96°45′56″W / 32.781944°N 96.765556°W / 32.781944; -96.765556 (Fair Park Texas Centennial Buildings)
DallasSurviving Art Deco buildings from the 1937 Texas Centennial Exposition.
9Fort Belknap
Fort Belknap
December 19, 1960
(#66000824)
Newcastle
33°09′03″N 98°44′28″W / 33.150775°N 98.741211°W / 33.150775; -98.741211 (Fort Belknap)
YoungKey frontier post of the 1850s; now a museum.
10Fort Brown
Fort Brown
December 19, 1960
(#66000811)
Brownsville
25°53′54″N 97°29′32″W / 25.898333°N 97.492222°W / 25.898333; -97.492222 (Fort Brown)
CameronMilitary post of the United States Army in Texas during the latter half of 19th century and the early part of the 20th century
11Fort Concho
Fort Concho
July 4, 1961
(#66000823)
San Angelo
31°27′10″N 100°25′45″W / 31.452778°N 100.429167°W / 31.452778; -100.429167 (Fort Concho)
Tom GreenEstablished as U.S. Army post in 1867; deactivated 1889; comprises most of the original fort
12Fort Davis
Fort Davis
December 19, 1960
(#66000045)
Fort Davis
30°35′45″N 103°55′33″W / 30.595833°N 103.925833°W / 30.595833; -103.925833 (Fort Davis)
Jeff DavisFrom 1854 to 1891 Fort Davis protected migrants, mail coaches, and freight wagons, and controlled the southern stem of the Great Comanche War Trail and Mescalero Apache war trails.
13Fort Richardson
Fort Richardson
November 27, 1963
(#66000816)
Jacksboro
33°12′29″N 98°09′53″W / 33.208056°N 98.164722°W / 33.208056; -98.164722 (Fort Richardson)
JackThis Texas frontier fort was established in 1867 and abandoned in 1878. It was renovated and reopened as a state park in 1973.
14Fort Sam Houston
Clock tower built in 1870 inside the Quadrangle on Fort Sam Houston, Texas
May 15, 1975
(#75001950)
San Antonio
29°28′35″N 98°25′51″W / 29.476255°N 98.43083°W / 29.476255; -98.43083 (Fort Sam Houston)
BexarSince the 1870s this facility has served as a major military base for the southern United States. It housed Geronimo folllowing his capture, and has been used as the launching point for a variety of military operations.
15John Nance Garner House
December 8, 1976
(#76002074)
Uvalde
29°12′44″N 99°47′31″W / 29.212152°N 99.791837°W / 29.212152; -99.791837 (John Nance Garner House)
UvaldeHome of John Nance Garner, Vice President under Herbert Hoover
16Governor's Mansion
1966 HABS photo
December 2, 1974
(#70000896)
Austin
30°16′20″N 97°44′34″W / 30.272318°N 97.742708°W / 30.272318; -97.742708 (Governor's Mansion)
TravisFirst designated Texas historic landmark, damaged by arson June 8, 2008
17HA. 19 (Midget Submarine)
US Navy photo
June 30, 1989
(#89001428)
Fredericksburg
30°16′20″N 98°52′06″W / 30.272222°N 98.868333°W / 30.272222; -98.868333 (HA. 19 (Midget Submarine))
GillespieHistoric I.J.N. Ko-hyoteki class midget submarine; part of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941; grounded and captured
18Hangar 9, Brooks Air Force Base
100 px
December 8, 1976
(#70000895)
San Antonio
29°20′32″N 98°26′37″W / 29.342129°N 98.443645°W / 29.342129; -98.443645 (Hangar 9, Brooks Air Force Base)
BexarOnly surviving hangar of 16 builtin at Brooks Air Force Base in 1918. It is now a museum.
19Harrell SiteUpload image
July 19, 1964
(#66000825)
South Bend
YoungA late prehistoric Plains Indian archeological site.
20Highland Park Shopping Village
Highland Park Shopping Village
February 16, 2000
(#97001393)
Highland Park
32°50′09″N 96°48′20″W / 32.835833°N 96.805556°W / 32.835833; -96.805556 (Highland Park Shopping Village)
DallasSecond shopping mall constructed in the U.S.; opened in 1931, and still in operation
21J A Ranch
J A Ranch
December 19, 1960
(#66000807)
Amarillo
34°49′00″N 101°11′17″W / 34.816667°N 101.188056°W / 34.816667; -101.188056 (J A Ranch)
ArmstrongFounded by John George Adair and Charles Goodnight, this is still one of the largest ranches in the Texas Panhandle, and remains in the hands of Adair descendants.
22Lyndon Baines Johnson Boyhood Home
President Johnson's birthplace
May 23, 1966
(#69000202)
Johnson City
30°14′27″N 98°37′27″W / 30.240833°N 98.624167°W / 30.240833; -98.624167 (Lyndon Baines Johnson Boyhood Home)
BlancoBirthplace, boyhood home, and resting place of President Lyndon B. Johnson
23King RanchUpload image
November 5, 1961
(#66000820)
Kingsville
27°31′07″N 97°55′01″W / 27.518611°N 97.916944°W / 27.518611; -97.916944 (King Ranch)
Kenedy, Kleberg, Nueces, and WillacyFounded in 1853, this is the largest ranch in the United States; it is larger than Rhode Island.
24Landergin MesaUpload image
July 19, 1964
(#66000821)
Vega
OldhamThis is a major Panhandle culture archeological site.
25USS Lexington
US Navy aircraft carrier USS Lexington anchored in the Gulf of Mexico, in the Bay of Corpus Christi at Corpus Christi, Texas, in 2001 as a floating museum
July 19, 2003
(#03001043)
Corpus Christi
27°48′54″N 97°23′19″W / 27.815°N 97.388611°W / 27.815; -97.388611 (USS Lexington)
NuecesThis Essex-class aircraft carrier, known as "The Blue Ghost", was the fifth United States Naval ship named in honor of the Revolutionary War Battle of Lexington. After service in the Second World War and the Cold War, it is now a museum ship.
26Lubbock Lake Site
Main building at Lubbock Lake Landmark
December 22, 1977
(#71000948)
Lubbock
33°37′19″N 101°53′23″W / 33.621944°N 101.889722°W / 33.621944; -101.889722 (Lubbock Lake Site)
LubbockThis major archeological site includes evidence from as far back as 10,000BC. The public can view ongoing archeological work at the site.
27Lucas Gusher, Spindletop Oil Field
The Lucas Gusher at Spindletop, Jan 10, 1901
November 13, 1966
(#66000818)
Beaumont
30°01′09″N 94°04′26″W / 30.019167°N 94.073889°W / 30.019167; -94.073889 (Lucas Gusher, Spindletop Oil Field)
30°01′09″N 94°04′26″W / 30.019167°N 94.073889°W / 30.019167; -94.073889 (Lucas Gusher, Spindletop Oil Field)
JeffersonThe Spindletop Oil Field was in 1901 where the first major oil gusher of the Texas Oil Boom was discovered.
28Majestic Theatre
Majestic Theatre
April 19, 1993
(#75001952)
San Antonio
29°25′35″N 98°29′27″W / 29.426460°N 98.490713°W / 29.426460; -98.490713 (Majestic Theatre)
BexarThis 1929 theater is the largest in Texas and the second largest in the United States.
29Mission Concepcion
1983 HABS photo
April 15, 1970
(#70000740)
San Antonio
29°23′27″N 98°29′34″W / 29.390888°N 98.492760°W / 29.390888; -98.492760 (Mission Concepcion)
BexarPart of San Antonio Missions National Historical Park, this 1731 Spanish mission was also the site of the 1831 Battle of Concepción, and early action in the Texas Revolution.
30Palmito Ranch Battlefield
Palmito Ranch Battlefield
September 25, 1997
(#93000266)
Brownsville
25°56′48″N 97°17′07″W / 25.946667°N 97.285278°W / 25.946667; -97.285278 (Palmito Ranch Battlefield)
CameronSite of the 1865 Battle of Palmito Ranch, the last major engagement of the American Civil War.
31Palo Alto Battlefield
Palo Alto Battlefield
December 19, 1960
(#66000812)
Brownsville
26°01′17″N 97°28′50″W / 26.021389°N 97.480556°W / 26.021389; -97.480556 (Palo Alto Battlefield)
CameronSite of the 1846 Battle of Palo Alto, a precipitating event of the Mexican-American War.
32Plainview SiteUpload image
January 20, 1961
(#66000814)
Plainview
HaleA major archeological site known for Plainview point spear tips.
33Porter FarmUpload image
July 19, 1964
(#66000819)
Terrell
32°46′40″N 96°16′28″W / 32.777778°N 96.274444°W / 32.777778; -96.274444 (Porter Farm)
KaufmanPart of this farm was used as an experimental agricultural farm in the early 20th century. Successful experiments here led to the establishment of the United States Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Extension Service.
34Presidio Nuestra Senora De Loreto De La Bahia
Presidio La Bahia today
December 24, 1967
(#67000024)
Goliad
28°38′48″N 97°22′54″W / 28.646667°N 97.381667°W / 28.646667; -97.381667 (Presidio Nuestra Senora De Loreto De La Bahia)
GoliadChapel and former fortress compound; now a museum; built by the Spanish Empire in the 18th century; also used as a fortress in the 19th century; scene of the 1836 Battle of Goliad and Goliad Massacre
35Randolph Field Historic District
Randolph Field Historic District
August 7, 2001
(#96000753)
San Antonio
29°31′56″N 98°16′48″W / 29.532222°N 98.28°W / 29.532222; -98.28 (Randolph Field Historic District)
BexarThe historic core of Randolph Air Force Base, this area was established in the 1920s as a training field for military aviators.
36Samuel T. Rayburn House
Samuel T. Rayburn House
May 11, 1976
(#72001361)
Bonham
33°34′05″N 96°12′26″W / 33.567967°N 96.207174°W / 33.567967; -96.207174 (Samuel T. Rayburn House)
FanninLongtime home of United States Speaker of the House Samuel T. Rayburn
37Resaca De La Palma Battlefield
Currier & Ives print
December 19, 1960
(#66000813)
Brownsville
25°56′15″N 97°29′10″W / 25.9375°N 97.486111°W / 25.9375; -97.486111 (Resaca De La Palma Battlefield)
CameronSite of the 1846 Battle of Resaca de La Palma, fought early in the Mexican-American War.
38Roma Historic District
1961 HABS photo
November 4, 1993
(#72001371)
Roma
26°24′22″N 99°01′05″W / 26.406111°N 99.018056°W / 26.406111; -99.018056 (Roma Historic District)
StarrA well-preserved 19th century Rio Grande border town.
39San Jacinto Battlefield
San Jacinto Monument
December 19, 1960
(#66000815)
Houston
29°44′56″N 95°04′49″W / 29.748889°N 95.080278°W / 29.748889; -95.080278 (San Jacinto Battlefield)
HarrisSite of the decisive Battle of San Jacinto, securing the independence of Texas from Mexico.
40Space Environment Simulation Laboratory, Chambers A and B
Space Environment Silumation Chamber with Apollo Spacecraft
October 3, 1985
(#85002810)
Houston
29°33′32″N 95°05′17″W / 29.559003°N 95.0881°W / 29.559003; -95.0881 (Space Environment Simulation Laboratory, Chambers A and B)
HarrisThis laboratory for testing equipment in space-like environments has been in use since 1965.
41Spanish Governor's Palace
Inside of Spanish Governor's Palace in San Antonio, Texas
April 15, 1970
(#70000741)
San Antonio
29°25′30″N 98°29′40″W / 29.425082°N 98.494570°W / 29.425082; -98.494570 (Spanish Governor's Palace)
BexarThis early Spanish colonial house was home to aristocratic leaders of the Spanish Texas, and is now a city museum.
42Strand Historic District
100 px
May 11, 1976
(#70000748)
Galveston
29°18′23″N 94°47′37″W / 29.306389°N 94.793611°W / 29.306389; -94.793611 (Strand Historic District)
GalvestonThe Victorian downtown of Galveston.
43USS TEXAS
USS Texas at San Jacinto State Park, October 2006
December 8, 1976
(#76002039)
Houston
29°45′15″N 95°05′22″W / 29.754217°N 95.089499°W / 29.754217; -95.089499 (USS TEXAS)
HarrisAfter seeing action in the First and Second World Wars, this ship was the first United States Navy battleship to become a museum, and the first to be named a National Historic Landmark.
44Texas State Capitol
Texas State Capitol.
June 23, 1986
(#70000770)
Austin
30°16′22″N 97°44′28″W / 30.272734°N 97.741078°W / 30.272734; -97.741078 (Texas State Capitol)
TravisThe seat of Texas government, construction on this Italian Renaissance Revival building began in the 1870s.
45Trevino-Uribe Rancho
Trevino-Uribe Rancho - San Ygnacio
August 5, 1998
(#73002342)
San Ygnacio
27°02′42″N 99°26′36″W / 27.045°N 99.443333°W / 27.045; -99.443333 (Trevino-Uribe Rancho)
ZapataFortified house built c. 1830, shortly after San Ygnacio's founding.
46Woodland
Woodland
May 30, 1974
(#74002097)
Huntsville
30°42′53″N 95°33′10″W / 30.714722°N 95.552778°W / 30.714722; -95.552778 (Woodland)
WalkerThis modest house was the home of Texas leader Sam Houston in the 1840s and 1850s.

Other National Park Service areas in Texas[edit]

Former NHLs in Texas[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Park Service. "National Historic Landmarks Program: Questions and Answers". Retrieved 2007-09-21. 
  2. ^ National Park Service (June 2011). "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-07-04. .
  3. ^ Numbers represent an ordering by significant words. Various colorings, defined here, differentiate National Historic Landmarks and historic districts from other NRHP buildings, structures, sites or objects.
  4. ^ The eight-digit number below each date is the number assigned to each location in the National Register Information System database, which can be viewed by clicking the number.

External links[edit]