List of National Historic Landmarks in Texas

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This is a List of National Historic Landmarks in Texas and other landmarks of equivalent landmark status in the state. The United States' National Historic Landmark (NHL) program is operated under the auspices of the National Park Service, and recognizes structures, districts, objects, and similar resources according to a list of criteria of national significance.[1] There are 46 NHLs in Texas.[2]

Current National Historic Landmarks in Texas[edit]

The 46 NHLs in Texas are distributed across just 29 of the 254 counties in the state. Eight of the sites are in Bexar County.

[3]Landmark name[2]ImageDate designated[2]Locality[2][4]County[2]Description[5]
1AlamoAlamo Mission in San AntonioDecember 19, 1960San Antonio
29°25′25″N 98°29′09″W / 29.423525°N 98.485778°W / 29.423525; -98.485778 (Alamo)
BexarFormer mission and fortress compound; now a museum; built by the Spanish Empire in the 18th century; later used as a fortress in the 19th century; scene of the 1836 Battle of the Alamo
2Apollo Mission Control CenterAerial View of the Johnson Space Center - GPN-2000-001112.jpgOctober 3, 1985Houston
29°33′23″N 95°05′18″W / 29.556471°N 95.088460°W / 29.556471; -95.088460 (Apollo Mission Control Center)
HarrisNASA control center
3Bastrop State ParkBastrop State Park Lake is surrounded by the "Lost Pines of Texas" and is prime breeding ground for the Houston toad.September 25, 1997Bastrop
30°06′39″N 97°16′25″W / 30.110833°N 97.273611°W / 30.110833; -97.273611 (Bastrop State Park)
BastropThis park was designed in the 1930s as a showcase of Civilian Conservation Corps work. Its facilities were designed by CCC architect Herbert Maier.
4Dealey Plaza Historic DistrictDealey Plaza 2003.jpgOctober 12, 1993Dallas
32°46′43″N 96°48′30″W / 32.778611°N 96.808333°W / 32.778611; -96.808333 (Dealey Plaza Historic District)
DallasSite of Kennedy assassination and surrounding buildings that are rumored to have held additional assassins.
5East End Historic District1967 HABS photo. Also known as Bishop's PalaceMay 11, 1976Galveston
29°18′16″N 94°46′58″W / 29.304444°N 94.782778°W / 29.304444; -94.782778 (East End Historic District)
GalvestonGalveston's East End was where the city elite built a number of elaborate mansions.
6ELISSA (Bark)Elissa-ship.jpgDecember 14, 1990Galveston
29°20′00″N 94°46′39″W / 29.333255°N 94.777452°W / 29.333255; -94.777452 (ELISSA (Bark))
GalvestonTall ship launched in 1877
7Espada AqueductAqueduct 01.jpgJuly 19, 1964San Antonio
29°18′16″N 98°28′10″W / 29.304556°N 98.469444°W / 29.304556; -98.469444 (Espada Aqueduct)
BexarBuilt by Franciscan friars in 1731 to supply irrigation water to the lands near Mission San Francisco de la Espada
8Fair Park Texas Centennial BuildingsState Fair Hall of State1.jpgSeptember 24, 1986Dallas
32°46′55″N 96°45′56″W / 32.781944°N 96.765556°W / 32.781944; -96.765556 (Fair Park Texas Centennial Buildings)
DallasSurviving Art Deco buildings from the 1937 Texas Centennial Exposition.
9Fort BelknapFort Belknap Colonel Young.jpgDecember 19, 1960Newcastle
33°09′03″N 98°44′28″W / 33.150775°N 98.741211°W / 33.150775; -98.741211 (Fort Belknap)
YoungKey frontier post of the 1850s; now a museum.
10Fort BrownUTB Commandants House.jpgDecember 19, 1960Brownsville
25°53′54″N 97°29′32″W / 25.898333°N 97.492222°W / 25.898333; -97.492222 (Fort Brown)
CameronMilitary post of the United States Army in Texas during the latter half of 19th century and the early part of the 20th century
11Fort ConchoFort Concho visitors center.jpgJuly 4, 1961San Angelo
31°27′10″N 100°25′45″W / 31.452778°N 100.429167°W / 31.452778; -100.429167 (Fort Concho)
Tom GreenEstablished as U.S. Army post in 1867; deactivated 1889; comprises most of the original fort
12Fort DavisFortDavisNationalHistoricSiteMarker.JPGDecember 19, 1960Fort Davis
30°35′45″N 103°55′33″W / 30.595833°N 103.925833°W / 30.595833; -103.925833 (Fort Davis)
Jeff DavisFrom 1854 to 1891 Fort Davis protected migrants, mail coaches, and freight wagons, and controlled the southern stem of the Great Comanche War Trail and Mescalero Apache war trails.
13Fort RichardsonFort Richardson.JPGNovember 27, 1963Jacksboro
33°12′29″N 98°09′53″W / 33.208056°N 98.164722°W / 33.208056; -98.164722 (Fort Richardson)
JackThis Texas frontier fort was established in 1867 and abandoned in 1878. It was renovated and reopened as a state park in 1973.
14Fort Sam HoustonClock tower built in 1870 inside the Quadrangle on Fort Sam Houston, TexasMay 15, 1975San Antonio
29°28′35″N 98°25′51″W / 29.476255°N 98.43083°W / 29.476255; -98.43083 (Fort Sam Houston)
BexarSince the 1870s this facility has served as a major military base for the southern United States. It housed Geronimo folllowing his capture, and has been used as the launching point for a variety of military operations.
15John Nance Garner HouseThe John Nance Garner HouseDecember 8, 1976Uvalde
29°12′44″N 99°47′31″W / 29.212152°N 99.791837°W / 29.212152; -99.791837 (Garner, John Nance, House)
UvaldeHome of U.S. Vice President John Nance Garner
16Governor's Mansion1966 HABS photoDecember 2, 1974Austin
30°16′20″N 97°44′34″W / 30.272318°N 97.742708°W / 30.272318; -97.742708 (Governor's Mansion)
TravisFirst designated Texas historic landmark, damaged by arson June 8, 2008
17HA. 19 (Midget Submarine)US Navy photoJune 30, 1989Fredericksburg
30°16′20″N 98°52′06″W / 30.272222°N 98.868333°W / 30.272222; -98.868333 (HA. 19 (Midget Submarine))
GillespieHistoric I.J.N. Ko-hyoteki class midget submarine; part of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941; grounded and captured
18Hangar 9, Brooks Air Force BaseBrooksafb-2.jpgDecember 8, 1976San Antonio
29°20′32″N 98°26′37″W / 29.342129°N 98.443645°W / 29.342129; -98.443645 (Hangar 9, Brooks Air Force Base)
BexarOnly surviving hangar of 16 builtin at Brooks Air Force Base in 1918. It is now a museum.
19Harrell SiteJuly 19, 1964South Bend
YoungA late prehistoric Plains Indian archeological site.
20Highland Park Shopping VillageHighland Park Village 1.jpgFebruary 16, 2000Highland Park
32°50′09″N 96°48′20″W / 32.835833°N 96.805556°W / 32.835833; -96.805556 (Highland Park Shopping Village)
DallasSecond shopping mall constructed in the U.S.; opened in 1931, and still in operation
21J A RanchJA Ranch IMG 0052.JPGDecember 19, 1960Amarillo
34°49′00″N 101°11′17″W / 34.816667°N 101.188056°W / 34.816667; -101.188056 (J A Ranch)
ArmstrongFounded by John George Adair and Charles Goodnight, this is still one of the largest ranches in the Texas Panhandle, and remains in the hands of Adair descendants.
22Lyndon Baines Johnson Boyhood HomePresident Johnson's birthplaceMay 23, 1966Johnson City
30°14′27″N 98°37′27″W / 30.240833°N 98.624167°W / 30.240833; -98.624167 (Lyndon Baines Johnson Boyhood Home)
BlancoBirthplace, boyhood home, and resting place of President Lyndon B. Johnson
23King RanchNovember 5, 1961Kingsville
27°31′07″N 97°55′01″W / 27.518611°N 97.916944°W / 27.518611; -97.916944 (King Ranch)
Kenedy, Kleberg, Nueces, and WillacyFounded in 1853, this is the largest ranch in the United States; it is larger than Rhode Island.
24Landergin MesaJuly 19, 1964Vega
OldhamThis is a major Panhandle culture archeological site.
25USS LexingtonUS Navy aircraft carrier USS Lexington anchored in the Gulf of Mexico, in the Bay of Corpus Christi at Corpus Christi, Texas, in 2001 as a floating museumJuly 19, 2003Corpus Christi
27°48′54″N 97°23′19″W / 27.815°N 97.388611°W / 27.815; -97.388611 (USS Lexington (Aircraft Carrier))
NuecesThis Essex-class aircraft carrier, known as "The Blue Ghost", was the fifth United States Naval ship named in honor of the Revolutionary War Battle of Lexington. After service in the Second World War and the Cold War, it is now a museum ship.
26Lubbock Lake SiteMain building at Lubbock Lake LandmarkDecember 22, 1977Lubbock
33°37′19″N 101°53′23″W / 33.621944°N 101.889722°W / 33.621944; -101.889722 (Lubbock Lake Site)
LubbockThis major archeological site includes evidence from as far back as 10,000BC. The public can view ongoing archeological work at the site.
27Lucas Gusher, Spindletop Oil FieldThe Lucas Gusher at Spindletop, Jan 10, 1901November 13, 1966Beaumont
30°01′09″N 94°04′26″W / 30.019167°N 94.073889°W / 30.019167; -94.073889 (Lucas Gusher, Spindletop Oil Field)
JeffersonThe Spindletop Oil Field was in 1901 where the first major oil gusher of the Texas Oil Boom was discovered.
28Majestic TheatreMajesticSA (1).JPGApril 19, 1993San Antonio
29°25′35″N 98°29′27″W / 29.426460°N 98.490713°W / 29.426460; -98.490713 (Majestic Theatre)
BexarThis 1929 theater is the largest in Texas and the second largest in the United States.
29Mission Concepcion1983 HABS photoApril 15, 1970San Antonio
29°23′27″N 98°29′34″W / 29.390888°N 98.492760°W / 29.390888; -98.492760 (Mission Concepcion)
BexarPart of San Antonio Missions National Historical Park, this 1731 Spanish mission was also the site of the 1831 Battle of Concepción, and early action in the Texas Revolution.
30Palmito Ranch BattlefieldPalmito Ranch Battlefield 2012-09-30 11-15-36.jpgSeptember 25, 1997Brownsville
25°56′48″N 97°17′07″W / 25.946667°N 97.285278°W / 25.946667; -97.285278 (Palmito Ranch Battlefield)
CameronSite of the 1865 Battle of Palmito Ranch, the last major engagement of the American Civil War.
31Palo Alto BattlefieldPalo Alto Battlefield NHP.JPGDecember 19, 1960Brownsville
26°01′17″N 97°28′50″W / 26.021389°N 97.480556°W / 26.021389; -97.480556 (Palo Alto Battlefield)
CameronSite of the 1846 Battle of Palo Alto, a precipitating event of the Mexican-American War.
32Plainview SiteJanuary 20, 1961PlainviewHaleA major archeological site known for Plainview point spear tips.
33Porter FarmJuly 19, 1964Terrell
32°46′40″N 96°16′28″W / 32.777778°N 96.274444°W / 32.777778; -96.274444 (Porter Farm)
KaufmanPart of this farm was used as an experimental agricultural farm in the early 20th century. Successful experiments here led to the establishment of the United States Department of Agriculture's Agricultural Extension Service.
34Presidio Nuestra Senora De Loreto De La BahiaPresidio La Bahia todayDecember 24, 1967Goliad
28°38′48″N 97°22′54″W / 28.646667°N 97.381667°W / 28.646667; -97.381667 (Presidio Nuestra Senora De Loreto De La Bahia)
GoliadChapel and former fortress compound; now a museum; built by the Spanish Empire in the 18th century; also used as a fortress in the 19th century; scene of the 1836 Battle of Goliad and Goliad Massacre
35Randolph Field Historic DistrictTaj Morning.jpgAugust 7, 2001San Antonio
29°31′56″N 98°16′48″W / 29.532222°N 98.28°W / 29.532222; -98.28 (Randolph Field Historic District)
BexarThe historic core of Randolph Air Force Base, this area was established in the 1920s as a training field for military aviators.
36Samuel T. Rayburn HouseSam Rayburn House Museum in 2009.jpgMay 11, 1976Bonham
33°34′05″N 96°12′26″W / 33.567967°N 96.207174°W / 33.567967; -96.207174 (Rayburn, Samuel T., House)
FanninLongtime home of United States Speaker of the House Samuel T. Rayburn
37Resaca De La Palma BattlefieldCurrier & Ives printDecember 19, 1960Brownsville
25°56′15″N 97°29′10″W / 25.9375°N 97.486111°W / 25.9375; -97.486111 (Resaca De La Palma Battlefield)
CameronSite of the 1846 Battle of Resaca de La Palma, fought early in the Mexican-American War.
38Roma Historic District1961 HABS photoNovember 4, 1993Roma
26°24′22″N 99°01′05″W / 26.406111°N 99.018056°W / 26.406111; -99.018056 (Roma Historic District)
StarrA well-preserved 19th century Rio Grande border town.
39San Jacinto BattlefieldSan Jacinto MonumentDecember 19, 1960Houston
29°44′56″N 95°04′49″W / 29.748889°N 95.080278°W / 29.748889; -95.080278 (San Jacinto Battlefield)
HarrisSite of the decisive Battle of San Jacinto, securing the independence of Texas from Mexico.
40Space Environment Simulation Laboratory, Chambers A and BSpace Environment Silumation Chamber with Apollo SpacecraftOctober 3, 1985Houston
29°33′32″N 95°05′17″W / 29.559003°N 95.0881°W / 29.559003; -95.0881 (Space Environment Simulation Laboratory, Chambers A and B)
HarrisThis laboratory for testing equipment in space-like environments has been in use since 1965.
41Spanish Governor's PalaceInside of Spanish Governor's Palace in San Antonio, TexasApril 15, 1970San Antonio
29°25′30″N 98°29′40″W / 29.425082°N 98.494570°W / 29.425082; -98.494570 (Spanish Governor's Palace)
BexarThis early Spanish colonial house was home to aristocratic leaders of the Spanish Texas, and is now a city museum.
42Strand Historic DistrictGalvestonstrand2.jpgMay 11, 1976Galveston
29°18′23″N 94°47′37″W / 29.306389°N 94.793611°W / 29.306389; -94.793611 (Strand Historic District)
GalvestonThe Victorian downtown of Galveston.
43USS TEXASUSS Texas at San Jacinto State Park, October 2006December 8, 1976Houston
29°45′15″N 95°05′22″W / 29.754217°N 95.089499°W / 29.754217; -95.089499 (TEXAS (USS))
HarrisAfter seeing action in the First and Second World Wars, this ship was the first United States Navy battleship to become a museum, and the first to be named a National Historic Landmark.
44Texas State CapitolTexas State Capitol.June 23, 1986Austin
30°16′22″N 97°44′28″W / 30.272734°N 97.741078°W / 30.272734; -97.741078 (Texas State Capitol)
TravisThe seat of Texas government, construction on this Italian Renaissance Revival building began in the 1870s.
45Trevino-Uribe RanchoTrevino-Uribe Rancho - San YgnacioAugust 5, 1998San Ygnacio
27°02′42″N 99°26′36″W / 27.045°N 99.443333°W / 27.045; -99.443333 (Trevino-Uribe Rancho)
ZapataFortified house built c. 1830, shortly after San Ygnacio's founding.
46WoodlandWoodland (Sam Houston's Home) in Huntsville, Texas.JPGMay 30, 1974Huntsville
30°42′53″N 95°33′10″W / 30.714722°N 95.552778°W / 30.714722; -95.552778 (Woodland)
WalkerThis modest house was the home of Texas leader Sam Houston in the 1840s and 1850s.

Other National Park Service areas in Texas[edit]

Former NHLs in Texas[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Park Service. "National Historic Landmarks Program: Questions and Answers". Retrieved 2007-09-21. 
  2. ^ a b c d e National Park Service (June 2011). "National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-07-04. .
  3. ^ Numbers represent an ordering by significant words. Various colorings, defined here, differentiate the National Monuments, National Historic Sites, National Historic Landmark Districts and other higher designations from other NHL buildings, structures, sites or objects.
  4. ^ National Park Service. "National Historic Landmark Program: NHL Database". Retrieved 2007-08-14. 
  5. ^ National Park Service. "National Historic Landmark Program: NHL Database".  Retrieved on various dates.

External links[edit]