List of National Historic Landmarks in New York

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Elihu Root House, a NHL on the Hamilton College campus

This is a list of all National Historic Landmarks and comparable other historic sites designated by the U.S. government in New York State. The United States National Historic Landmark (NHL) program operates under the auspices of the National Park Service, and recognizes buildings, structures, objects, sites and districts of resources according to a list of criteria of national significance.[1] There are 261 NHLs in New York state, which is more than 10 percent of all the NHLs nationwide, and the most of any state.[2] The National Park Service also has listed 20 National Monuments, National Historic Sites, National Memorials, and other sites as being historic landmarks of national importance,[3] of which 7 are also designated NHLs. All of these historic landmarks are covered in this list.

There are 140 NHLs in upstate New York, 13 on Long Island, and 109 within New York City (NYC). Three counties have ten or more NHLs: New York County (Manhattan) has 86; Westchester County, just north of NYC, has 18; and Erie County in western New York has 10. Twelve other counties have five to nine NHLs, eight have three or four, 27 counties have one or two, and the remaining twelve of the state's 62 counties have none. The first New York NHLs were eight designated on October 9, 1960; the latest was designated on March 13, 2013. The NHLs and other landmarks outside of NYC are listed below; the NHLs in NYC are in this companion article.

Seven NHL sites are among the 20 National Park System historic areas in New York state.[4] The other 13 National Park Service areas are also historic landmark sites of national importance, but are already protected by Federal ownership and administration, so NHL designation is unnecessary. A list of these National Park Service areas that conserve historic sites in New York State is also provided. Finally, three former NHLs in the state are also listed.

Overview[edit]

Slabsides, nature retreat of John Burroughs

New York State NHLs include ten prehistoric or other archeological sites,[nb 1] 12 historical Dutch farmhouses, manors, and historic districts,[nb 2] and 21 architecturally and/or historically important churches or houses of worship.[nb 3] Fully 26 NHLs are primarily military, including 13 fort sites (five standing forts, three fortified houses, and five ruins),[nb 4] five other battlegrounds,[nb 5] seven military headquarters, training facilities, arsenals and armories,[nb 6] and one military shipwreck site.[nb 7] One of these NHLs is associated with the American Civil War,[nb 8] while all the rest of these forts and other military places are associated with the French and Indian War and/or the American Revolutionary War.

There are nine NHL ships, including a warship and a tugboat that served in World War II, one warship that saw combat in the Vietnam War, three sailing boats, two fireboats and a lightvessel.[nb 9] Salient in the list are 24 mansions,[nb 10] and four sites primarily significant for their architectural landscaping.[nb 11] Many properties, numbering in the thousands, are contributing or non-contributing structures in the state's nine National Historic Landmark Districts.[nb 12] Intellectual accomplishments of New Yorkers are associated with 22 sites, including nine university buildings,[nb 13] ten other NHLs associated with inventions, inventors or scientists,[nb 14] and four engineering landmarks, including two bridges that were once the longest of their types.[nb 15] Commercial accomplishments include 11 historic skyscrapers, five of which were once the tallest in the world,[nb 16] seven stock exchanges and other buildings important in commercial history,[nb 17] two bank buildings,[nb 18] five industrial facilities,[nb 19] and three water-based civil engineering works.[nb 20] Two are architectural oddities.[nb 21]

Mohonk Mountain House, a resort hotel located on the Shawangunk Ridge

Political and social accomplishments are represented by four former mental care institutions (a legacy of the state's leading role in mental health care),[nb 22] 14 sites associated with suffragettes or other women leaders,[nb 23] five Underground Railroad or other sites associated with abolitionists,[nb 24] six sites associated with African-American leaders,[nb 25] three sites associated with labor rights,[nb 26] and four sites associated with other social activism.[nb 27] In addition, there are 21 homes of other national leaders,[nb 28] and six government buildings that are significant on a national scale.[nb 29] Community, arts and entertainment accomplishments represented include two utopian communes,[nb 30] the Adirondack Park and four of its Great Camps,[nb 31] and five other retreat sites.[nb 32] No fewer than nine artist homes or studios are landmarked,[nb 33] as well as nine homes of writers and composers.[nb 34] There are four club buildings, of which two are historical societies,[nb 35] and eight entertainment venues or sites associated with entertainers.[nb 36] Sixteen others are unique sites that are difficult to classify.[nb 37]

McGraw-Hill Building, 42nd St., NYC

Notable architects whose work is represented in the NHLs of the state include: Alexander Jackson Davis (7 sites),[nb 38] Andrew Jackson Downing (2),[nb 39] William West Durant (2),[nb 40] Leopold Eidlitz (2),[nb 41] Cass Gilbert (2),[nb 42] Henry J. Hardenbergh (2),[nb 43] Raymond Hood (3),[nb 44] Philip Hooker (2),[nb 45] Minard Lafever (7),[nb 46] John McComb Jr. (3),[nb 47] Frederick Law Olmsted (3),[nb 48] Isaac G. Perry (2),[nb 49] George B. Post (3),[nb 50] James Renwick, Jr. (4),[nb 51] Henry Hobson Richardson (2),[nb 52] Louis Sullivan (2),[nb 53] Richard Upjohn (6),[nb 54] Calvert Vaux (6),[nb 55] and Frederick Clarke Withers (2).[nb 56] The firm McKim, Mead, and White participated in design of at least six buildings later declared to be NHLs.[nb 57] It was also that firm's work, Pennsylvania Station, whose pending demolition in 1963 launched a historic preservation movement in New York City and led to creation of the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission in 1965.[5]

Current National Historic Landmarks outside New York City[edit]

The state of New York, exclusive of NYC, is home to 153 of these landmarks, which are tabulated here. Twenty-three of these are also State Historic Sites (SHS), and fourteen are National Park System areas; these designations are indicated in italics.

[nb 58]Landmark name[2]ImageDate of designation[2]Location[2]County[2]Description[6]
1Adams Power Plant Transformer HouseAdamsPowerPlant DateUnknown HABS 15 GeneralViewFromSoutheast cropped.jpgMay 4, 1983Niagara Falls
43°04′54″N 79°02′34″W / 43.081764°N 79.042836°W / 43.081764; -79.042836 (Adams Power Plant Transformer House)
NiagaraTransformer house of the first large-scale, alternating current electric generating plant in the world; tapped power of Niagara Falls via a 7,500 foot (2,286 m) tail-race tunnel
2Adirondack Forest PreserveWaterfall Keen Valley Adirondacks NY VA.JPGMay 23, 1963Eastern Upstate New York
43°47′13″N 74°29′06″W / 43.786958°N 74.485016°W / 43.786958; -74.485016 (Adirondack Park)
All of Essex and Hamilton and parts of Clinton, Franklin, Fulton, Herkimer, Lewis, Oneida, St. Lawrence, Saratoga, Warren, and WashingtonLargest publicly protected area in the lower 48 United States; largest National Historic Landmark; largest and one of earliest areas protected by any state; established in 1885; later protected in "forever wild" section of New York state constitution
3Susan B. Anthony HouseA 2007 photograph of the Susan B Anthony HouseMay 23, 1965Rochester
43°09′12″N 77°37′33″W / 43.153336°N 77.625747°W / 43.153336; -77.625747 (Susan B. Anthony House)
MonroeHome of Susan B. Anthony, prominent 19th century women's rights activist
4Armour-Stiner HouseArmour-Stiner House.jpgDecember 8, 1976Irvington
41°01′51″N 73°52′13″W / 41.030803°N 73.870415°W / 41.030803; -73.870415 (Armour-Stiner House)
WestchesterOctagonal implementation of architectural ideas of Orson Squire Fowler
5Bennington Battlefield

Bennington Battlefield SHS
Bennington Battlefield State Historic Site 30May2008.jpgJanuary 20, 1961Walloomsac
42°56′19″N 73°18′16″W / 42.938658°N 73.304418°W / 42.938658; -73.304418 (Bennington Battlefield)
RensselaerSite of Battle of Bennington, where the American defeat of a British foraging party of dragoons helped assure the Continental Army's pivotal victory at Saratoga
6Boston Post Road Historic DistrictWhitby-castle-rye.jpgAugust 30, 1993Rye
40°57′31″N 73°42′07″W / 40.958487°N 73.701922°W / 40.958487; -73.701922 (Boston Post Road Historic District)
WestchesterThree mansions and grounds, including the 1838 Peter Augustus Jay House and Jay Property, Lounsberry and Whitby Castle, a private cemetery, and a nature preserve running from Boston Post Road down to the Long Island Sound, an area essentially unchanged for 200 years
7Boughton Hill (Gannagaro)

Ganondagan SHS
Ganondagan-house.jpgJuly 19, 1964Victor
42°57′40″N 77°24′46″W / 42.961157°N 77.412736°W / 42.961157; -77.412736 (Boughton Hill (Gannagaro))
OntarioThe site of a 17th-century Seneca village known as the Town of Peace and birthplace of the Iroquois Confederacy
8Bronck HouseBronck-house.jpgDecember 24, 1967Coxsackie
42°20′31″N 73°50′55″W / 42.342052°N 73.848724°W / 42.342052; -73.848724 (Bronck House)
GreeneOldest structure in upstate New York; excellent example of Dutch colonial architecture
9Dr. Oliver Bronson House and EstateDr. Oliver Bronson House and Estate.jpgJuly 31, 2003Hudson
42°14′35″N 73°47′09″W / 42.243119°N 73.785764°W / 42.243119; -73.785764 (Dr. Oliver Bronson House and Estate)
ColumbiaEarly example of the Hudson River bracketed style of Alexander Jackson Davis
10John Brown Farm and Gravesite

John Brown Farm SHS
House at John Brown's Farm.jpgAugust 6, 1998Lake Placid
44°15′20″N 73°58′15″W / 44.255574°N 73.970969°W / 44.255574; -73.970969 (John Brown Farm and Gravesite)
EssexHome and final resting place of famous abolitionist John Brown, executed for his raid on Harper's Ferry Armory before the Civil War
11Buffalo and Erie County Historic Society BuildingBuffalo and Erie County Historical Society 2.jpg Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society.jpgFebruary 27, 1987Buffalo
42°56′08″N 78°52′36″W / 42.935556°N 78.876667°W / 42.935556; -78.876667 (Buffalo and Erie County Historic Society Building)
ErieParthenon-evoking legacy of the 1901 Pan American Exposition; turned over to historical society afterwards
12Buffalo State HospitalHH Richardson Complex.jpgJune 24, 1986Buffalo
42°55′46″N 78°52′56″W / 42.929382°N 78.882147°W / 42.929382; -78.882147 (Buffalo State Hospital)
ErieArchitect H. H. Richardson's largest commission; advent of his characteristic Richardsonian Romanesque style; used to care for the mentally ill; grounds designed by Frederick Law Olmsted
13John Burroughs' Riverby StudyNovember 24, 1968West Park
41°48′00″N 73°57′32″W / 41.8°N 73.958889°W / 41.8; -73.958889 (John Burroughs' Riverby Study)
UlsterSmall frame structure built in 1881 by naturalist John Burroughs as a writing retreat; in this study, that looks east over the Hudson River, Burroughs wrote Fresh Fields (1884), Signs and Seasons (1886), Indoor Studies (1889), and Riverby (1894)[7]
14Camp Pine KnotWilliam West Durant at Camp Pine Knot.jpgAugust 18, 2004Raquette Lake
43°49′17″N 74°37′34″W / 43.821325°N 74.626197°W / 43.821325; -74.626197 (Camp Pine Knot)
HamiltonFirst of the Adirondack Great Camps; designed and built by William West Durant
15Camp Uncas1899-Stoddard-Uncas-gate-L.jpgOctober 6, 2008Raquette Lake
43°44′38″N 74°38′53″W / 43.743889°N 74.648056°W / 43.743889; -74.648056 (Camp Uncas)
HamiltonSecond of the Adirondack Great Camps; designed and built by William West Durant
16Canfield Casino and Congress ParkCanfield Casino, Saratoga Springs, NY.jpgFebruary 27, 1987Saratoga Springs
43°04′45″N 73°46′58″W / 43.079076°N 73.782855°W / 43.079076; -73.782855 (Canfield Casino and Congress Park)
SaratogaFormer resort and casino; now houses the Saratoga Springs History Museum
17Chautauqua Historic DistrictChatauquaInst HallPhilosophy.jpgJune 29, 1989Chautauqua
42°12′35″N 79°28′01″W / 42.209722°N 79.466944°W / 42.209722; -79.466944 (Chautauqua Historic District)
ChautauquaAdult education and summer retreat; focuses on programs related to arts, education, religion and recreation; well-preserved 19th century architecture
18Christeen (sloop)Oyster Bay The Christeen.jpgDecember 4, 1992Oyster Bay
40°52′40″N 73°32′23″W / 40.87774°N 73.539702°W / 40.87774; -73.539702 (Christeen (sloop))
NassauOldest oyster sloop in the U.S.
19Frederick E. Church House

Olana SHS
Olana2006 3 edit1.jpgJune 22, 1965Hudson
42°13′03″N 73°49′07″W / 42.2175°N 73.818611°W / 42.2175; -73.818611 (Frederick E. Church House)
ColumbiaCalvert Vaux-designed home of Hudson River School painter Frederic Edwin Church; also known as Olana
20Clermont

Clermont SHS
Clermont-manor.jpgNovember 28, 1972Clermont
42°05′09″N 73°55′09″W / 42.085922°N 73.919073°W / 42.085922; -73.919073 (Clermont)
ColumbiaAncestral home of the Livingston family, prominent in colonial and early New York; known also as Clermont Manor
21Cobblestone Historic DistrictCobblestone Church, Childs, NY.jpgApril 19, 1993Gaines
43°17′16″N 78°10′54″W / 43.287827°N 78.181543°W / 43.287827; -78.181543 (Cobblestone Historic District)
OrleansThree buildings: a First Universalist Church, the Ward House, and schoolhouse exemplifying 19th-century U.S. cobblestone architecture at its highest
22Thomas Cole House

Thomas Cole National Historic Site
Thomas-cole-house.jpgJune 23, 1965Catskill
42°13′35″N 73°51′43″W / 42.226372°N 73.862007°W / 42.226372; -73.862007 (Thomas Cole House Site)
GreeneHome and studio of painter Thomas Cole, founder of the Hudson River School of American painting
23Colonial Niagara Historic District

Old Fort Niagara SHS
Reenactors dressed in British 1812 uniforms at Old Fort Niagara Fort Niagara from CanadaOctober 9, 1960Youngstown
43°15′42″N 79°03′49″W / 43.261667°N 79.063611°W / 43.261667; -79.063611 (Colonial Niagara Historic District)
NiagaraOriginally built by British during French and Indian War; served as US post in War of 1812 until retaken by British; ceded back at war's end
24Roscoe Conkling HouseRoscoeconklinghouse.JPGMay 15, 1975Utica
43°05′46″N 75°13′47″W / 43.096108°N 75.229728°W / 43.096108; -75.229728 (Roscoe Conkling House)
OneidaHome of Roscoe Conkling, divisive U.S. senator in years after Civil War; leader of Stalwart faction of Republican Party; contributor to atmosphere that led to the assassination of James Garfield
25Aaron Copland HouseAaron Copland House, Cortlandt Manor, NY.jpgOctober 6, 2008Cortlandt Manor
41°14′24″N 73°54′09″W / 41.24°N 73.9025°W / 41.24; -73.9025 (Aaron Copland House)
WestchesterHome of composer Aaron Copland for last 30 years of his life
26Croton Aqueduct (Old)

Old Croton Aqueduct SHS
Ocatowerirvingtonplow.jpgApril 27, 1992Croton River to Manhattan
41°13′35″N 73°51′19″W / 41.226389°N 73.855278°W / 41.226389; -73.855278 (Croton Aqueduct (Old))
WestchesterLarge and complex water supply system for New York City; constructed between 1837 and 1842
27De Wint HouseDeWintHouse house 2007 02.jpgMay 23, 1968Tappan
41°01′11″N 73°56′48″W / 41.019722°N 73.946667°W / 41.019722; -73.946667 (De Wint House)
RocklandOldest building in Rockland County; outstanding example of Dutch colonial architecture; used by George Washington as headquarters during final negotiations for British withdrawal from New York City
28Delaware and Hudson CanalDelaware and Hudson Canal near Summitville, NY.jpgNovember 24, 1968Kingston, NY, Rosendale, NY, Ellenville, NY, Port Jervis, NY, Lackawaxen, PA and Honesdale, PA
41°36′26″N 74°26′53″W / 41.607222°N 74.448056°W / 41.607222; -74.448056 (Delaware and Hudson Canal)
Orange, NY, Sullivan, NY, Ulster, NY, Pike, PA and Wayne, PAVital coal supply line for New York City in 19th century; shared with Pennsylvania
29John William Draper HouseJohn William Draper House.jpgMay 15, 1975Hastings-on-Hudson
40°59′24″N 73°52′48″W / 40.9901°N 73.8801°W / 40.9901; -73.8801 (John William Draper House)
WestchesterHome and observatory of John William Draper, astrophotography pioneer and first person to have photographed the Moon with recognizable surface features
30Dutch Reformed ChurchOld Dutch Church, Sleepy Hollow, NY.jpgNovember 5, 1961Sleepy Hollow
41°05′25″N 73°51′43″W / 41.090408°N 73.861918°W / 41.090408; -73.861918 (Dutch Reformed Church, Sleepy Hollow)
WestchesterOldest church building in state dates to 1685; figures prominently in Washington Irving's "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow"
31Dutch Reformed Church, NewburghDutch Reformed Church, Newburgh NY.jpgAugust 7, 2001Newburgh
41°30′16″N 74°00′32″W / 41.504453°N 74.008983°W / 41.504453; -74.008983 (Dutch Reformed Church, Newburgh)
OrangeChurch designed by Alexander Jackson Davis in 1835 in the Greek Revival style
32Eagle Island CampBLdgLodge EIC.jpgAugust 18, 2004Saranac Inn
44°16′28″N 74°19′57″W / 44.2744°N 74.3325°W / 44.2744; -74.3325 (Eagle Island Camp)
FranklinOne of the original Adirondack Great Camps, on Upper Saranac Lake; used as a Girl Scout camp today
33Gardner Earl Memorial Chapel and CrematoriumOakwoodChapel.jpgMarch 2, 2012Troy
42°45′20″N 73°40′17″W / 42.755586°N 73.671367°W / 42.755586; -73.671367 (Gardner Earl Memorial Chapel and Crematorium)
RensselaerLate 1880s Richardsonian Romanesque structure influenced design of many later memorial chapels.
34George Eastman HouseGeorge-Eastman-House=Exterior.JPGNovember 13, 1966Rochester
43°09′08″N 77°34′49″W / 43.152147°N 77.580278°W / 43.152147; -77.580278 (George Eastman House)
MonroeThe home of George Eastman, founder of Kodak, now an internationally known photography museum
35Edward M. CotterEdward M.Cotter 009.jpgJune 28, 1996Buffalo
42°52′20″N 78°52′22″W / 42.872143°N 78.872824°W / 42.872143; -78.872824 (Edward M. Cotter (fireboat))
ErieIn use for 107 years; oldest active fireboat in the world
36Elephant HotelElephant Hotel 2007.jpgApril 5, 2005Somers
41°19′37″N 73°41′13″W / 41.326944°N 73.686944°W / 41.326944; -73.686944 (Elephant Hotel)
Westchester"Cradle of the American circus" when it was used as headquarters by Hachaliah Bailey in the 1830s; today serves as both a museum and Somers Town Hall
37Erie Canal

Schoharie Crossing SHS
Schoharie Crossing AqueductOctober 9, 1960Glen and Florida
42°56′23″N 74°17′11″W / 42.939625°N 74.286283°W / 42.939625; -74.286283 (Erie Canal)
MontgomeryAqueduct for Erie Canal over Schoharie Creek
38Millard Fillmore HouseFillmoreHouse.jpgMay 30, 1974East Aurora
42°46′06″N 78°37′21″W / 42.768297°N 78.622506°W / 42.768297; -78.622506 (Millard Fillmore House)
ErieOnly surviving home of 13th U.S. President Millard Fillmore, besides the White House
39First Presbyterian Church (Old Whalers)With steeple (before 1938)April 19, 1994Sag Harbor
40°59′50″N 72°17′39″W / 40.997228°N 72.294072°W / 40.997228; -72.294072 (First Presbyterian Church (Old Whalers))
SuffolkEgyptian Revival style church
40First Reformed Protestant Dutch Church of KingstonOld Dutch Church, Kingston, NY.jpgOctober 10, 2008Kingston
41°55′58″N 74°01′08″W / 41.932778°N 74.018889°W / 41.932778; -74.018889 (First Reformed Protestant Dutch Church of Kingston)
Ulster1850 "Old Dutch Church" is third home to congregation established in 1659. Nearby graves include George Clinton. One of the few Minard Lefever churches whose original steeple has survived. His only intact Renaissance Revival church, and his only known one in stone.
41Gen. William Floyd HouseGeneralWilliamFloydHouse WesternvilleNY SouthFront fromSoutheast HABScropped.jpgJuly 17, 1971Westernville
43°18′22″N 75°23′02″W / 43.306103°N 75.383897°W / 43.306103; -75.383897 (Gen. William Floyd House)
OneidaUpstate home of William Floyd, a signer of the Declaration of Independence
42Fort Corchaug Archeological SiteFort-corchaug-vicinity.jpgJanuary 20, 1999Southold
41°00′10″N 72°29′55″W / 41.002683°N 72.498744°W / 41.002683; -72.498744 (Fort Corchaug Archeological Site)
SuffolkSite of a Native American fort
43Fort Crailo

Crailo SHS
Fort Crailo 2010.jpgNovember 11, 1961Rensselaer
42°38′08″N 73°44′59″W / 42.635478°N 73.749625°W / 42.635478; -73.749625 (Fort Crailo)
RensselaerDutch colonial patroonship house; may be place where "Yankee Doodle" was written
44Fort Crown Point

Crown Point SHS
Crown-point1.jpgNovember 24, 1968Crown Point
44°01′45″N 73°25′52″W / 44.029167°N 73.431111°W / 44.029167; -73.431111 (Fort Crown Point)
EssexBuilt by British to secure Lake Champlain against French in mid-18th century
45Fort JohnsonFort Johnson Bigfrontyard.jpgNovember 28, 1972Fort Johnson
42°57′26″N 74°14′30″W / 42.957222°N 74.241667°W / 42.957222; -74.241667 (Fort Johnson)
MontgomeryHome of Sir William Johnson, and later his son Sir John Johnson.
46Fort KlockFortklockSept1991.jpgNovember 28, 1972St. Johnsville
42°59′06″N 74°39′01″W / 42.984997°N 74.650278°W / 42.984997; -74.650278 (Fort Klock)
MontgomeryMid-18th century fortified stone homestead in the Mohawk River Valley
47Fort Massapeag Archeological SiteApril 19, 1993Oyster Bay
40°52′00″N 73°32′00″W / 40.866667°N 73.533333°W / 40.866667; -73.533333 (Fort Massapeag Archeological Site)
NassauArchaeological site in Oyster Bay, New York
48Fort Montgomery

Fort Montgomery SHS
Cannons at Fort Montgomery site, NY.jpgNovember 28, 1972Highlands
41°19′26″N 73°59′13″W / 41.323889°N 73.986944°W / 41.323889; -73.986944 (Fort Montgomery)
OrangeBuilt by Continental Army in an attempt to control Hudson River; later taken and destroyed by the British
49Fort Orange Archeological SiteBronze marker on the approximate site of the fort. It reads "Fort Orange / Site of West India Company / Colony 1624. Fort Was / Located To The Southeast / By the River".November 4, 1993Albany
42°38′41″N 73°45′01″W / 42.64485°N 73.750292°W / 42.64485; -73.750292 (Fort Orange Archeological Site)
AlbanyArchaeological site at first permanent Dutch settlement in New Netherland
50Fort St. Frédéric

Crown Point SHS
Crown Pt NY foreground French Fort St Frederic.jpgOctober 9, 1960Crown Point
44°01′49″N 73°25′34″W / 44.030365°N 73.426186°W / 44.030365; -73.426186 (Fort St. Frederic)
EssexMostly destroyed by French forces in French and Indian War; British built Fort Crown Point next to its ruins
51Fort Stanwix

Fort Stanwix National Monument
Fost areal image007.jpgNovember 23, 1962Rome
43°12′38″N 75°27′19″W / 43.210556°N 75.45525°W / 43.210556; -75.45525 (Fort Stanwix)
OneidaModern reconstruction of colonial fort on original site
52Fort TiconderogaTiconderoga1.jpgOctober 9, 1960Ticonderoga
43°50′29″N 73°23′17″W / 43.841389°N 73.388056°W / 43.841389; -73.388056 (Fort Ticonderoga)
EssexSite of important battles in both French and Indian War and American Revolution
53General Electric Research LaboratoryGE Schenectady.JPGMay 15, 1975Schenectady
42°48′39″N 73°57′06″W / 42.810772°N 73.951575°W / 42.810772; -73.951575 (General Electric Research Laboratory)
SchenectadyFirst industrial research facility in the U.S.
54Geneseo Historic DistrictThe Bear Fountain, the best-known (only?) symbol of Geneseo, New York, here decorated with flags for Memorial Day.July 17, 1991Geneseo
42°47′46″N 77°49′00″W / 42.796237°N 77.816771°W / 42.796237; -77.816771 (Geneseo Historic District)
LivingstonWell-preserved 19th century upstate village
55Jay Gould EstateLyndhurst Tarrytown NY - front facade.jpgNovember 13, 1966Tarrytown
41°03′21″N 73°51′55″W / 41.0558°N 73.8653°W / 41.0558; -73.8653 (Lyndhurst (Jay Gould Estate))
WestchesterAlexander Jackson Davis-designed Gothic Revival mansion named Lyndhurst; became home to rail baron Jay Gould
56W. & L. E. Gurley BuildingGurley Building 2008.jpgMay 4, 1983Troy
42°43′56″N 73°41′13″W / 42.732135°N 73.687068°W / 42.732135; -73.687068 (W. & L. E. Gurley Building)
RensselaerClassical Revival structure; built in 1862; housed the W. & L. E. Gurley Company, a maker of precision measuring instruments
57James Hall OfficeJames Hall Office.jpgDecember 8, 1976Albany
42°38′45″N 73°46′09″W / 42.645956°N 73.769175°W / 42.645956; -73.769175 (James Hall Office)
AlbanyOffice of paleontologist James Hall, a leader in research on the geology of North America during the 19th century; designed by Vaux and Olmsted
58Harmony MillsHarmony Mills building No. 3January 20, 1999Cohoes
42°46′53″N 73°42′16″W / 42.78137°N 73.704422°W / 42.78137; -73.704422 (Harmony Mills)
AlbanyLargest cotton mill complex in the world when it opened in 1872; one of the finest examples of a large-scale textile mill complex outside of New England
59E.H. Harriman EstateArden House 1.jpgNovember 13, 1966Harriman
41°17′48″N 74°07′09″W / 41.2967°N 74.1193°W / 41.2967; -74.1193 (E.H. Harriman Estate)
OrangeEstate of railroad magnate Edward Harriman; also known as Arden
60John A. Hartford HouseHartford-hall.jpgDecember 22, 1977Valhalla
41°04′07″N 73°47′26″W / 41.068594°N 73.79059°W / 41.068594; -73.79059 (John A. Hartford House)
WestchesterHome of John Hartford, whose family built A&P into the first nationwide retail chain
61Jean Hasbrouck HouseJean Hasbrouck House.jpgDecember 24, 1967New Paltz
41°45′03″N 74°05′19″W / 41.7509°N 74.0885°W / 41.7509; -74.0885 (Jean Hasbrouck House)
UlsterEarly eighteenth century example of Hudson Valley Dutch architecture; located within the Huguenot Street Historic District
62Lemuel Haynes HouseLemuel Haynes House, South Granville, NY.jpgMay 15, 1975South Granville
43°22′16″N 73°17′00″W / 43.371078°N 73.283369°W / 43.371078; -73.283369 (Lemuel Haynes House)
WashingtonLast home of Lemuel Haynes, first African-American preacher ordained in America.
63Historic TrackHistoric Track, Goshen, NY.jpgMay 23, 1966Goshen
41°24′08″N 74°19′10″W / 41.4022°N 74.3195°W / 41.4022; -74.3195 (Historic Track)
OrangeOldest continuously operated horse racing facility in U.S.
64Holland Land OfficeHolland land 8911.jpgOctober 9, 1960Batavia
42°59′55″N 78°11′21″W / 42.998556°N 78.189222°W / 42.998556; -78.189222 (Holland Land Office)
GeneseeMain office of Holland Land Company, early owners of Western New York.
65Franklin B. Hough HouseFranklinBHoughHouse LowvilleNY NPS 1962.jpgMay 23, 1963Lowville
43°47′22″N 75°29′50″W / 43.789522°N 75.497144°W / 43.789522; -75.497144 (Franklin B. Hough House)
LewisHome of Franklin Hough, considered the father of American forestry
66Hudson River Historic DistrictView of Catskills across Hudson Wilderstein mansionDecember 14, 1990East bank of river between Staatsburg and Germantown
41°55′13″N 73°56′12″W / 41.920162°N 73.936729°W / 41.920162; -73.936729 (Hudson River Historic District)
Dutchess and ColumbiaView of Catskills across river from here inspired Hudson River School artists; small towns with much land use and architecture preserved from past eras
67Hudson River State Hospital, Main BuildingHudson River Psychiatric Center Main Building.jpgJune 30, 1989Poughkeepsie
41°43′59″N 73°55′41″W / 41.733056°N 73.928056°W / 41.733056; -73.928056 (Hudson River State Hospital, Main Building)
DutchessFrederick Clarke Withers-designed first institutional building in the U.S. in High Victorian Gothic style. Grounds designed by Frederick Law Olmsted and Calvert Vaux
68Huguenot Street Historic DistrictJean Hasbrouck House.jpg Abraham Hasbrouck House.jpgOctober 9, 1960New Paltz
41°45′00″N 74°05′21″W / 41.7500°N 74.0893°W / 41.7500; -74.0893 (Huguenot Street Historic District)
UlsterOne of the oldest continuously inhabited neighborhoods in the current United States of America (Taos Pueblo is another)
69Hurley Historic DistrictMain Street, Hurley, NY.jpgNovember 5, 1961Hurley
41°55′32″N 74°03′49″W / 41.925556°N 74.063611°W / 41.925556; -74.063611 (Hurley Historic District)
UlsterTen stone Dutch Colonial houses; served as the capitol of NY for two months during the American Revolution
70Hyde Hall

Hyde Hall SHS
HydeHall front december2007.jpgJune 24, 1986Glimmerglass State Park
42°47′32″N 74°52′08″W / 42.792314°N 74.868908°W / 42.792314; -74.868908 (Hyde Hall)
OtsegoOne of the finest American houses that combines the architectural traditions of England and America; one of the few surviving works of Philip Hooker.
71John Jay Homestead

John Jay Homestead SHS
John Jay Homestead 2007.jpgMay 29, 1981Katonah
41°15′05″N 73°39′36″W / 41.251488°N 73.660103°W / 41.251488; -73.660103 (John Jay Homestead)
WestchesterHome of John Jay, first Chief Justice of the United States
72Johnson Hall

Johnson Hall SHS
Johnson Hall, Johnstown, NY.jpgOctober 9, 1960Johnstown
43°00′58″N 74°23′00″W / 43.016242°N 74.383315°W / 43.016242; -74.383315 (Johnson Hall)
FultonLater home of Sir William Johnson; Johnson Hall was seized by the rebel government during the American Revolution and was subsequently acquired by Silas Talbot.
73Kleinhans Music HallKleinhans buffalo.jpgJune 30, 1989Buffalo
42°54′07″N 78°53′01″W / 42.9019°N 78.8835°W / 42.9019; -78.8835 (Kleinhans Music Hall)
ErieHome of the Buffalo Philharmonic Orchestra, designed by Eliel and Eero Saarinen.
74Knox Headquarters

Knox's Headquarters SHS
Knox's Headquarters.jpgNovember 28, 1972Vails Gate
41°27′18″N 74°03′00″W / 41.4549°N 74.0501°W / 41.4549; -74.0501 (Knox Headquarters)
OrangeHeadquarters of Gen. Henry Knox during the American Revolution
75Lake Mohonk Mountain HouseMohonk Mountain House 2011 View of Mohonk Lake from One Hiking Trail FRD 3247.jpg
Mohonk Mountain House 2011 Boat Dock Against Guest Rooms FRD 3041.jpg
June 24, 1986New Paltz
41°46′07″N 74°09′20″W / 41.768611°N 74.155556°W / 41.768611; -74.155556 (Lake Mohonk Mountain House)
UlsterDistinctive resort on Shawangunk Ridge; site of 1895-1916 conference that led to establishment of Permanent Court of Arbitration at The Hague
76LamokaJanuary 20, 1961TyroneSchuylerFirst archeological evidence of an Archaic (c. 3,500 BCE) hunter-gatherer culture in the U.S.
77Land Tortoise (radeau)August 6, 1998Bottom of Lake George
43°25′16″N 73°42′30″W / 43.421111°N 73.708333°W / 43.421111; -73.708333 (Land Tortoise (radeau))
WarrenOnly known surviving radeau (simple flat-bottomed ship with cannon), sunk under 100 feet (30 m) of water during French and Indian War
78Irving Langmuir HouseIrving Langmuir House 2008.jpgJanuary 7, 1976Schenectady
42°48′58″N 73°55′09″W / 42.816233°N 73.919189°W / 42.816233; -73.919189 (Irving Langmuir House)
SchenectadyHome of physicist-chemist Irving Langmuir, winner of the 1932 Nobel Prize during his research career with General Electric
79Lindenwald

Martin Van Buren National Historic Site
Lindenwald2006.jpgJuly 4, 1961Kinderhook
42°22′11″N 73°42′15″W / 42.369706°N 73.704206°W / 42.369706; -73.704206 (Lindenwald)
ColumbiaHome of U.S. President Martin Van Buren; designed in part by Richard Upjohn
80Manitoga (Russel Wright House and Studio)Dragon Rock, Manitoga, 2009.jpgFebruary 17, 2006Garrison
41°20′55″N 73°57′04″W / 41.3487°N 73.9512°W / 41.3487; -73.9512 (Manitoga (Russel Wright House and Studio))
PutnamHouse and studio of industrial designer Russel Wright. Designed by Wright and his wife to be sustainable and blend in with surrounding environment
81Darwin D. Martin House

David Martin House SHS
Darwin D. Martin House.jpgFebruary 24, 1986Buffalo
42°55′52″N 78°50′29″W / 42.931175°N 78.841378°W / 42.931175; -78.841378 (Darwin D. Martin House)
ErieConsidered the most important building of architect Frank Lloyd Wright's early career.
82Lewis Miller Cottage, Chautauqua InstitutionLewisMillerCottage HABS cropped.jpgDecember 21, 1965Chautauqua
42°11′54″N 78°44′21″W / 42.198331°N 78.739217°W / 42.198331; -78.739217 (Lewis Miller Cottage)
ChautauquaHome of Lewis Miller, founder of Chautauqua Institution, located on grounds
83Edna St. Vincent Millay House (Steepletop)Steepletop main house, Austerlitz, NY.jpgNovember 11, 1971Austerlitz
42°19′13″N 73°26′52″W / 42.320278°N 73.447778°W / 42.320278; -73.447778 (Edna St. Vincent Millay House (Steepletop))
ColumbiaHome of Pulitzer Prize-winning poet Edna St. Vincent Millay
84Modesty (sloop)Modesty-sloop.jpgAugust 7, 2001West Sayville
40°43′22″N 73°05′43″W / 40.722775°N 73.095286°W / 40.722775; -73.095286 (Modesty (sloop))
SuffolkExample of a Long Island oyster dredging sloop, and only extant one that operated purely on sail power
85Mohawk Upper Castle Historic DistrictIndianCastleChurch zoomed December2007.jpgNovember 4, 1993Danube
43°00′10″N 74°46′40″W / 43.002778°N 74.777778°W / 43.002778; -74.777778 (Mohawk Upper Castle Historic District)
HerkimerHistoric district including the Indian Castle Church as well as archaeological site areas
86Montauk Point LighthouseMontauk Point Lighthouse.jpgMarch 2, 2012East Hampton
41°04′15″N 71°51′26″W / 41.07097°N 71.85709°W / 41.07097; -71.85709 (Montauk Point Lighthouse)
SuffolkBuilt in 1797, oldest lighthouse in New York and fourth-oldest in country
87Montgomery PlaceMontgomery Place 2008.jpgApril 8, 1992Annandale
42°00′52″N 73°55′08″W / 42.014543°N 73.918982°W / 42.014543; -73.918982 (Montgomery Place)
DutchessFederal-style house, with expansion designed by architect Alexander Jackson Davis
88Thomas Moran HouseMoran-house.jpgDecember 21, 1965East Hampton
40°57′14″N 72°11′40″W / 40.953767°N 72.194514°W / 40.953767; -72.194514 (Thomas Moran House)
SuffolkHome of the Hudson River School painter Thomas Moran who helped inspire the creation of the National Park system
89Morrill Hall, Cornell UniversityMorrill Hall, in the center, between McGraw Hall (L) and Uris Library/McGraw Tower(R)December 21, 1965Ithaca
42°26′55″N 76°29′08″W / 42.448681°N 76.485594°W / 42.448681; -76.485594 (Morril Hall, Cornell University)
TompkinsFirst building of Cornell University
90Samuel F. B. Morse House

Locust Grove
Locust Grove, Poughkeepsie, NY.jpgJanuary 29, 1964Poughkeepsie
41°37′51″N 73°55′10″W / 41.6309°N 73.9195°W / 41.6309; -73.9195 (Samuel F.B. Morse House)
DutchessHome of telegraph inventor Samuel F. B. Morse in his later years; preserved by subsequent owners
91William Sidney Mount HouseWilliam-sydney-mount-house.jpgDecember 21, 1965Stony Brook
40°54′27″N 73°08′18″W / 40.907394°N 73.138286°W / 40.907394; -73.138286 (William Sidney Mount House)
SuffolkHome and studio of painter William Sidney Mount
92Mount Lebanon Shaker SocietyMount Lebanon Shaker Society 12July2008.jpgJune 23, 1965New Lebanon
42°27′09″N 73°22′50″W / 42.452550°N 73.380657°W / 42.452550; -73.380657 (Mount Lebanon Shaker Society)
ColumbiaMain Shaker community established in U.S.
93Kate Mullany HouseKate Mullany House oblique view.jpgApril 1, 1998Troy
42°44′24″N 73°40′54″W / 42.7399°N 73.681803°W / 42.7399; -73.681803 (Kate Mullany House)
RensselaerHome of Kate Mullany, early female labor organizer and founder of Collar Laundry Union
94Nash (harbor tug)Nash tugboat.jpgDecember 4, 1992Oswego
43°27′49″N 76°30′56″W / 43.463478°N 76.515608°W / 43.463478; -76.515608 (Nash (harbor tug))
OswegoLast surviving U.S. Army vessel that participated in World War II's D-Day Normandy landing
95New York State CapitolNYSCapitolPanorama.jpgJanuary 29, 1979Albany
42°39′09″N 73°45′26″W / 42.652553°N 73.757323°W / 42.652553; -73.757323 (New York State Capitol)
AlbanyBuilt in two different architectural styles; one of ten U.S. state capitol buildings without a dome
96New York State Inebriate AsylumBinginebriateasylum.jpgDecember 9, 1997Binghamton
42°06′23″N 75°51′57″W / 42.10648°N 75.86575°W / 42.10648; -75.86575 (New York State Inebriate Asylum)
BroomeFirst hospital built to treat alcoholism and view it as a medical problem rather than a character flaw
97Newtown Battlefield

Newtown Battlefield State Park
NewtownBattlefieldMonument.jpgNovember 28, 1972Elmira
42°02′43″N 76°44′00″W / 42.045385°N 76.733451°W / 42.045385; -76.733451 (Newtown Battlefield)
ChemungSite of only major battle of the Sullivan Expedition, a decisive victory by General John Sullivan over of Loyalist-Indian forces led by Joseph Brant, in August 1779
98Niagara ReservationAmericaFallsDec202004MpegMan.jpgMay 23, 1963Niagara Falls
43°05′N 79°04′W / 43.08°N 79.07°W / 43.08; -79.07 (Niagara Reservation)
NiagaraOldest U.S. state park (1885); built around U.S. side of Niagara Falls
99Nott Memorial HallNottMemorialPano.jpgJune 24, 1986Schenectady
42°49′02″N 73°55′49″W / 42.817239°N 73.930303°W / 42.817239; -73.930303 (Nott Memorial Hall)
SchenectadySixteen-sided building on Union College campus considered outstanding example of Victorian Gothic architecture
100Old Blenheim BridgeBlenheim Bridge in 2008January 29, 1964North Blenheim
42°28′21″N 74°26′29″W / 42.472531°N 74.44127°W / 42.472531; -74.44127 (Old Blenheim Bridge)
SchoharieLongest single span covered bridge in Eastern United States; one of the longest in the world, until destruction during floods after Hurricane Irene in 2011.
101Old HouseThe-old-house-cutchogue.jpgNovember 5, 1961Cutchogue
41°00′30″N 72°29′08″W / 41.008392°N 72.485691°W / 41.008392; -72.485691 (Old House)
SuffolkBuilt in 1649; asserted to be "one of the finest surviving examples of English domestic architecture in America"
102Old Main, Vassar CollegeOld Main, Vassar College edit1.jpgJune 24, 1986Poughkeepsie
41°41′12″N 73°53′45″W / 41.686675°N 73.895831°W / 41.686675; -73.895831 (Old Main, Vassar College)
DutchessSecond Empire building was the second building of one of America's first women's colleges
103Oneida Community Mansion HouseOneidaCommunityHomeBld.JPGJune 23, 1965Oneida
43°03′37″N 75°36′19″W / 43.060356°N 75.605175°W / 43.060356; -75.605175 (Oneida Community Mansion House)
MadisonBuilt in 1848 for the Oneida Community
104Oriskany Battlefield

Oriskany Battlefield SHS
OriskanyBattlefield monument December2007.jpgNovember 23, 1962Oriskany
43°10′38″N 75°22′10″W / 43.177259°N 75.369521°W / 43.177259; -75.369521 (Oriskany Battlefield)
OneidaLocal militias held off pro-British Indians and Loyalists in Battle of Oriskany, one of the few battles of the Revolutionary War in which all participants were natives of North America
105Owl's NestOwl's Nest, Dunhams Bay, NY.jpgNovember 11, 1971Lake George
43°26′41″N 73°39′18″W / 43.444722°N 73.655°W / 43.444722; -73.655 (Owl's Nest)
WarrenHome of author Edward Eggleston, one of America's first realist novelists
106Thomas Paine CottageThomas-paine-cottage.jpgNovember 28, 1972New Rochelle
40°56′11″N 73°47′12″W / 40.936389°N 73.786667°W / 40.936389; -73.786667 (Thomas Paine Cottage)
WestchesterHome and gravesite of Thomas Paine, author of Common Sense
107Palisades Interstate ParkPalisades cliff.jpgJanuary 12, 1965Hudson River western shoreline; shared with New Jersey
40°57′11″N 73°55′52″W / 40.95319°N 73.93099°W / 40.95319; -73.93099 (Palisades Interstate Park)
Rockland, NY, Orange County, NY, and Bergen, NJJoint effort by two states to preserve scenic beauty of west Hudson Palisades and protect them from development and quarrying
108Petrified Sea GardensPrehistoric grotto at Petrified Sea GardensJanuary 20, 1999Saratoga Springs
43°04′59″N 73°50′40″W / 43.083047°N 73.844489°W / 43.083047; -73.844489 (Petrified Sea Gardens)
SaratogaFirst stromatolites in North America discovered here; fossils of marine algae were fully described by pioneering female paleontologist Winifred Goldring
109Philipsburg Manor HousePhilipsburg Manor, Sleepy Hollow, New York.JPGNovember 5, 1961Sleepy Hollow
41°05′26″N 73°51′55″W / 41.090556°N 73.865278°W / 41.090556; -73.865278 (Philipsburg Manor House)
WestchesterHistoric house, water mill, and trading site; at one time, one of the largest slave holdings in the colonial North
110Philpse Manor Hall

Philpse Manor Hall SHS
Philipse Manor Hall.jpgNovember 5, 1961Yonkers
40°56′08″N 73°53′59″W / 40.935556°N 73.899722°W / 40.935556; -73.899722 (Philipse Manor Hall)
WestchesterHistoric house museum; Westchester County's oldest standing building
111Plattsburgh BayPlattsburgh Bay.jpgDecember 19, 1960Lake Champlain
44°41′33″N 73°22′34″W / 44.692576°N 73.376141°W / 44.692576; -73.376141 (Plattsburgh Bay)
ClintonSite of Battle of Plattsburgh, where U.S. land and naval forces repulsed the last foreign invasion attempt on the northern states during the War of 1812
112Playland Amusement ParkPlayland Gondola Wheel.jpgFebruary 27, 1987Rye
40°57′57″N 73°40′26″W / 40.965833°N 73.673889°W / 40.965833; -73.673889 (Playland Amusement Park)
WestchesterThe only publicly owned amusement park in the U.S.; rides and attractions were designed in the Art Deco style
113Jackson Pollock House and StudioPollock-barn.jpgApril 14, 1994East Hampton
41°01′26″N 72°09′18″W / 41.023848°N 72.15492°W / 41.023848; -72.15492 (Jackson Pollock House and Studio)
SuffolkHome and studio of painter Jackson Pollock and his wife Lee Krasner beginning in 1945
114Priscilla (sloop)Priscilla-bundled-up-for-winter.jpgFebruary 17, 2006West Sayville
40°43′22″N 73°05′43″W / 40.722775°N 73.095286°W / 40.722775; -73.095286 (Priscilla (sloop))
SuffolkExample of a classic Long Island oyster dredging sloop
115Prudential (Guaranty) BuildingPrudential buffalo louis sullivan.jpgMay 15, 1975Buffalo
42°52′58″N 78°52′36″W / 42.882761°N 78.876739°W / 42.882761; -78.876739 (Prudential (Guaranty) Building)
ErieEarly skyscraper design; collaboration between Louis Sullivan and Dankmar Adler
116John D. Rockefeller EstateKykuit, Tarrytown, NY - front facade.JPGMay 11, 1976Pocantico Hills
41°05′23″N 73°50′40″W / 41.089722°N 73.844444°W / 41.089722; -73.844444 (John D. Rockefeller Estate)
WestchesterEstate of the oil tycoons, the Rockefeller family; also known as Kykuit
117Elihu Root HouseElihuRootHouse1.jpgNovember 28, 1972Clinton
43°02′59″N 75°24′18″W / 43.049714°N 75.405011°W / 43.049714; -75.405011 (Elihu Root House)
OneidaHome of Elihu Root, U.S. Senator, Secretary of War, Secretary of State, and recipient of the 1912 Nobel Peace Prize
118Rose HillRoseHill FayetteNewYork HABS 1 cropped.jpgJune 24, 1986Fayette
42°51′38″N 76°56′09″W / 42.860556°N 76.935833°W / 42.860556; -76.935833 (Rose Hill)
SenecaLarge-scale Greek Revival house
119Roycroft CampusRoycroft Copper Shop.jpgFebruary 26, 1986East Aurora
42°46′04″N 78°37′04″W / 42.7677°N 78.6178°W / 42.7677; -78.6178 (Roycroft Campus)
ErieElbert Hubbard-founded home of a key community in the Arts and crafts movement
120Rudolph Oyster HouseRudolph-oyster-house.jpgAugust 7, 2001West Sayville
40°43′22″N 73°05′43″W / 40.722775°N 73.095286°W / 40.722775; -73.095286 (Rudolph Oyster House)
SuffolkEarly 20th century seafood processing plant
121Sagamore CampSagamore Camp, Long Lake, NY.jpgMay 16, 2000Raquette Lake
43°45′56″N 74°37′38″W / 43.765458°N 74.627292°W / 43.765458; -74.627292 (Sagamore Camp)
HamiltonDesigned by William West Durant; one of the most sophisticated and evolved examples of the Adirondack Great Camps
122St. Paul's CathedralStPaulsCathedralBuffalo c1890 HABS cropped.jpgDecember 23, 1987Buffalo
42°52′58″N 78°52′35″W / 42.882667°N 78.876375°W / 42.882667; -78.876375 (St. Paul's Cathedral)
ErieGothic Revival church designed by Richard Upjohn
123St. Peter's Episcopal ChurchSt Peters Church 2011.jpgJanuary 16, 1980Albany
42°39′03″N 73°45′16″W / 42.650831°N 73.754453°W / 42.650831; -73.754453 (St; Peter's Episcopal Church)
AlbanyGothic church by architect Richard Upjohn
124Santanoni PreserveSantanoni Preserve - Main Lodge.jpgMay 16, 2000Newcomb
44°00′41″N 74°07′44″W / 44.011389°N 74.128889°W / 44.011389; -74.128889 (Santanoni Preserve)
EssexOne of the earliest Adirondack Great Camps; a major influence on later ones
125Saratoga Spa State ParkSaratoga State Park Hall of Springs 01Aug2008.jpgFebruary 27, 1987Saratoga Springs
43°03′04″N 73°48′14″W / 43.051°N 73.804°W / 43.051; -73.804 (Saratoga Spa State Park)
SaratogaSite of only active geysers in Eastern U.S.; popular resort for wealthy in early 20th century
126Schuyler Flatts Archeological DistrictGenPhilipSchuylerHouse HABS cropped.jpgNovember 4, 1993Albany
42°42′23″N 73°42′29″W / 42.706486°N 73.708137°W / 42.706486; -73.708137 (Schuyler Flatts Archeological District)
AlbanyArcheological district with artifacts from 6,000 years of human habitation; now a local park.
127Philip Schuyler Mansion

Schuyler Mansion SHS
Schuyler Mansion Panorama Left.jpgDecember 24, 1967Albany
42°38′29″N 73°45′33″W / 42.641413°N 73.759251°W / 42.641413; -73.759251 (Schuyler Mansion)
AlbanyHome of Philip Schuyler, general in the Continental Army and early U.S. Senator
128William H. Seward HouseWilliamSewardHouse.JPGJanuary 29, 1964Auburn
42°55′33″N 76°33′59″W / 42.925792°N 76.566364°W / 42.925792; -76.566364 (William H. Seward House)
CayugaHome for many years of William Henry Seward, statesman whose long career was capped by the purchase of Alaska as Secretary of State
129SlabsidesSlabsides.jpgNovember 24, 1968West Park
41°47′40″N 73°58′23″W / 41.794444°N 73.973056°W / 41.794444; -73.973056 (Slabsides)
UlsterLog cabin built by John Burroughs and son as nature retreat
130USS SlaterUSS Slater Panorama.jpgMarch 2, 2012Albany
42°38′33″N 73°44′59″W / 42.64257°N 73.74968°W / 42.64257; -73.74968 (USS Slater)
AlbanyOnly remaining destroyer escort still afloat.
131Gerrit Smith EstateGerrit Smith Estate Gate.jpgJanuary 3, 2001Peterboro
42°58′04″N 75°41′14″W / 42.967647°N 75.687089°W / 42.967647; -75.687089 (Gerrit Smith Estate)
MadisonHome of Gerrit Smith, 19th century social reformer and presidential candidate
132John Philip Sousa HouseJohn Philip Sousa House front cottage.jpgMay 23, 1966Port Washington
40°50′38″N 73°43′49″W / 40.843891°N 73.730397°W / 40.843891; -73.730397 (John Philip Sousa House)
NassauHome of legendary bandleader and composer John Philip Sousa
133SpringsideSpringside gateposts.jpgAugust 11, 1969Poughkeepsie
41°41′21″N 73°55′43″W / 41.6891°N 73.9287°W / 41.6891; -73.9287 (Springside)
DutchessOnly surviving landscape designed by Andrew Jackson Downing; also known as Matthew Vassar Estate
134Elizabeth Cady Stanton HouseECStanton house2.jpgJune 23, 1965Seneca Falls
42°54′45″N 76°47′18″W / 42.912628°N 76.788378°W / 42.912628; -76.788378 (Elizabeth Cady Stanton House)
SenecaHome of 19th century feminist Elizabeth Cady Stanton
135Stepping Stones (Bill and Lois Wilson House)Stepping Stones, Katonah, NY.jpgOctober 17, 2012Katonah 41°14′48″N 73°42′04″W / 41.24671°N 73.70106°W / 41.24671; -73.70106 (Stepping Stones (Bill and Lois Wilson House))WestchesterHome of Alcoholics Anonymous cofounder Bill W. and his wife Lois; he wrote The Big Book here and the table around which AA was founded is on exhibit.
136Stony Point Battlefield

Stony Point Battlefield SHS
Battle of Stony Point.jpgJanuary 20, 1961Stony Point
41°14′29″N 73°58′25″W / 41.241449°N 73.973522°W / 41.241449; -73.973522 (Stony Point Battlefield)
RocklandSite of Anthony Wayne's victory over the British in the Battle of Stony Point
137USS The SullivansU.S.S. The Sullivans 2.jpgJanuary 14, 1986Buffalo
42°52′40″N 78°52′52″W / 42.877639°N 78.880978°W / 42.877639; -78.880978 (USS The Sullivans)
ErieExcellent example of a Fletcher class destroyer; saw service in World War II and Korea; now in the Buffalo and Erie County Naval & Military Park
138SunnysideSunnyside, Tarrytown, New York.JPGDecember 29, 1962Tarrytown
41°02′52″N 73°52′12″W / 41.0478°N 73.8699°W / 41.0478; -73.8699 (Sunnyside)
WestchesterEstate of writer Washington Irving, best known for his short stories "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" and "Rip Van Winkle"
139Top CottageTop Cottage.jpgDecember 9, 1997Hyde Park
41°45′54″N 73°53′19″W / 41.765°N 73.888611°W / 41.765; -73.888611 (Top Cottage)
DutchessFieldstone cottage built as retreat for Franklin D. Roosevelt, with his input; one of the first American buildings designed to be fully wheelchair accessible
140Troy Savings BankTroy Savings Bank.jpgApril 11, 1989Troy
42°43′49″N 73°41′17″W / 42.730278°N 73.688056°W / 42.730278; -73.688056 (Troy Savings Bank)
RensselaerDesigned by George B. Post to accommodate both a functioning bank on the first floor and an auditorium
141Harriet Tubman Home for the Aged, Harriet Tubman Residence, Thompson A.M.E. Zion ChurchHarriet Tubman Home for Aged Dec 2007.JPGMay 30, 1974Auburn
42°54′40″N 76°34′04″W / 42.911103°N 76.567781°W / 42.911103; -76.567781 (Harriet Tubman Home for the Aged)
CayugaProperties associated with Harriet Tubman, a conductor on the Underground Railroad
142United States Military AcademySR01 032.jpgDecember 19, 1960Highlands
41°23′32″N 73°57′27″W / 41.392184°N 73.957536°W / 41.392184; -73.957536 (United States Military Academy)
OrangeCommonly known as West Point; oldest continuously occupied military post in the nation and alma mater of many U.S. Army leaders
143Utica State Hospital (Main Building)UticaStateHospital center December2007.jpgJuly 30, 1989Utica
43°06′18″N 75°15′12″W / 43.104962°N 75.253472°W / 43.104962; -75.253472 (Utica State Hospital (Main Building))
OneidaFirst hospital for the "insane poor"; archetypal Greek Revival building
144Valcour BayValcour Bay.jpgJanuary 1, 1961Lake Champlain
44°37′04″N 73°25′57″W / 44.617778°N 73.4325°W / 44.617778; -73.4325 (Valcour Bay)
ClintonSite of Battle of Valcour Island during the Revolutionary War
145Van Alen HouseVan Alen House, Kinderhook, NY.jpgDecember 24, 1967Kinderhook
42°22′52″N 73°41′29″W / 42.381094°N 73.691417°W / 42.381094; -73.691417 (Van Alen House)
ColumbiaExemplary Dutch colonial farmhouse, built in 1737 and preserved largely intact
146Van Cortlandt ManorVan-cortland-manor.jpgNovember 5, 1961Croton-On-Hudson
41°11′30″N 73°52′35″W / 41.191644°N 73.876515°W / 41.191644; -73.876515 (Van Cortlandt Manor)
WestchesterColonial manor house from early 18th century
147Vassar College ObservatoryVassar College Observatory.jpgJuly 17, 1991Poughkeepsie
41°41′15″N 73°53′37″W / 41.6875°N 73.893611°W / 41.6875; -73.893611 (Vassar College Observatory)
DutchessWorkplace and home of Maria Mitchell, important 19th century astronomer and pioneering woman in the science
148Villa LewaroVilla-lewaro.jpgMay 11, 1976Irvington
41°02′35″N 73°51′50″W / 41.043169°N 73.863997°W / 41.043169; -73.863997 (Villa Lewaro)
WestchesterHome of Madam C.J. Walker, first known African-American millionaire
149Washington's Headquarters

Washington's Headquarters SHS
Hasbrouckhousenewburgh.jpgJanuary 20, 1961Newburgh
41°29′55″N 74°00′28″W / 41.498611°N 74.007778°W / 41.498611; -74.007778 (Washington's Headquarters)
OrangeHeadquarters of Washington during the final years of the Revolutionary War; Dutch stone house; oldest building in Newburgh; first-ever property designated as a historic site by a U.S. state
150Watervliet ArsenalWatervliet Arsenal museum.GIFNovember 13, 1966Watervliet
42°43′06″N 73°42′31″W / 42.718333°N 73.708611°W / 42.718333; -73.708611 (Watervliet Arsenal)
AlbanyOldest arsenal in U.S.
151Elkanah Watson HouseElkanah Watson House, Port Kent, NY.jpgJuly 19, 1964Port Kent
44°31′30″N 73°24′21″W / 44.524947°N 73.405867°W / 44.524947; -73.405867 (Elkanah Watson House)
EssexHome of Elkanah Watson, Revolutionary-era diplomat, founder of the county fair and early promoter of canals
152Willard Memorial Chapel-Welch Memorial HallWillardChapel.JPGApril 5, 2005Auburn
42°56′14″N 76°33′48″W / 42.937086°N 76.563464°W / 42.937086; -76.563464 (Willard Memorial Chapel-Welch Memorial Hall)
CayugaLast remaining Louis Comfort Tiffany stained glass installation in its original form
153YaddoYaddo.jpgMarch 13, 2013Saratoga Springs
43°04′07″N 73°45′29″W / 43.06848°N 73.75813°W / 43.06848; -73.75813 (Yaddo)
SaratogaFormer estate now a prominent artists' colony and writers' retreat.

Current NHLs in NYC[edit]

New York City alone is home to 108 NHLs. The earliest was one designated on October 9, 1960; the latest was designated on September 20, 2006. Many of the NHLs in NYC are also landmarked individually or as part of districts by the New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. See List of New York City Designated Landmarks.

Historic areas in the United States National Park System[edit]

National Historic Sites, National Historic Parks, National Memorials, and certain other areas listed in the National Park system are historic landmarks of national importance that are highly protected already, often before the inauguration of the NHL program in 1960, and are often not also named NHLs per se. There are 20 of these in New York State. The National Park Service lists 18 of these together with the NHLs in the state,[3] and there are also two National Historic Sites that are "affiliated areas," receiving National Parlk Service support but not directly administered by it.[nb 59] Seven of the 20 were declared National Historic Landmarks, in several instances before receiving the higher protection designation, and retain their NHL standing. Four of these are listed above and three are included within the New York City list of NHLs. The 13 others are:

Landmark name
ImageDate established[8][9]LocationCountyDescription
1Castle Clinton National MonumentCastle Clinton in Battery Park (HABS)August 12, 1946New YorkNew YorkCircular sandstone fort in Battery Park at the southern tip of Manhattan, New York City
2Statue of Liberty National MonumentLiberty 2005 3.jpgOctober 15, 1924Liberty IslandNew YorkMonument presented to the United States by the people of France in 1886
3Saratoga National Historical ParkSaratoga-tower.jpgJune 1, 1938Stillwater, Schuylerville and VictorySaratogaSite of the 1777 Battle of Saratoga, the first significant American military victory of the American Revolutionary War
4Women's Rights National Historical ParkRemains of the Wesleyan Chapel.December 8, 1980Seneca Falls and WaterlooSenecaEstablished in 1980 in Seneca Falls and nearby Waterloo, New York; includes the Wesleyan Chapel, site of the First Women's Rights Convention and the Elizabeth Cady Stanton House
5Eleanor Roosevelt National Historic SiteStone CottageMay 27, 1977Hyde ParkDutchessEleanor Roosevelt developed property; place that she could develop some of her ideas for work with winter jobs for rural workers and women; includes a large two-story stuccoed building that housed Val-Kill Industries; would become Eleanor's home after Franklin's death
6Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic SiteFront elevation of house, with visitors, in 2004January 15, 1944Hyde ParkDutchessBirthplace, lifelong home, and burial place of the 32nd President of the United States, Franklin Delano Roosevelt
7Sagamore Hill National Historic SiteSagamore HillJuly 25, 1962Cove NeckNassauHome of the 26th President of the United States Theodore Roosevelt from 1886 until his death in 1919
8Saint Paul's Church National Historic SiteSaint Paul's Church National Historic Site.jpgJuly 5, 1943Mount VernonWestchesterColonial church used as a military hospital during the American Revolutionary War
9Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace National Historic SiteThe front and entrance of the house.July 25, 1962New YorkNew YorkTheodore Roosevelt born on this site on October 27, 1858
10Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural National Historic SiteAnsley Wilcox House, 1965November 2, 1966BuffaloErieSite of Theodore Roosevelt's oath of office as President of the United States on September 14, 1901
11Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic SiteThe severe classicism, perfect balance, and heavy ornamentation of Hyde Park, designed for Frederick Vanderbilt by McKim, Mead & White, is a perfect example of Beaux-Arts architecture.December 18, 1940Hyde ParkDutchessIncludes pleasure grounds with views of the Hudson River and Catskill Mountains, formal gardens, natural woodlands, and numerous support structures as well as a 54 room mansion; completed in 1898; perfect example of the Beaux-Arts architecture style
12Federal Hall National MemorialFederal Hall NYC1.jpgMay 26, 1939New YorkNew YorkFirst capitol of the United States of America; site of George Washington's first inauguration in 1789; place where the United States Bill of Rights passed; original building was demolished in the nineteenth century; replaced by the current structure, that served as the first United States Customs House
13General Grant National MemorialGrant's tomb 2004April 27, 1897New YorkNew YorkMausoleum containing the bodies of Ulysses S. Grant (1822–1885), an American Civil War General and the 18th President of the United States, and his wife, Julia Dent Grant (1826–1902)

There are four other National Park Service areas in New York State that do not have historic standing.[nb 60]

Former NHLs in New York[edit]

Landmark name
[2]
ImageDate of designation[2]LocationCountyDescription[6]
1Edwin H. Armstrong HouseStanding, circa 1975 Demolished, 1983January 7, 1976YonkersWestchesterHome of scientist and FM radio inventor Edwin H. Armstrong; demolished in 1983 and subsequently de-designated
2USS Edson (DD-946)USS Edson (DD-946).jpgJune 21, 1990ManhattanNew YorkOne of two surviving Forrest Sherman-class destroyers; saw action from World War II to Vietnam; In NYC from 1989 to 2004; relocated to Michigan in 2013.
3Fir (Coast Guard cutter)Lighthouse tender USCGC Fir at sea with the Cape Flattery Light, Washington, in the background.April 27, 1992Staten Island (formerly intended)Richmond (formerly intended)Lighthouse tender that served on west coast; last working vessel in the fleet of the United States Lighthouse Service, ancestors of today's Coast Guard buoy tenders; at NHL designation it was intended to become a museum ship in New York, but it is unclear if the ship ever visited; recently[dated info] sold in California
4Nantucket (lightship)Nantucket-lightship.jpgDecember 20, 1989Boston
42°21′40″N 71°02′07″W / 42.361163°N 71.035269°W / 42.361163; -71.035269
Largest lightship ever built. Originally listed while she was primarily in Maine; sojourned for several years in Oyster Bay, New York. Arrived in Boston May 11, 2010.

Key[edit]

National Historic Landmark
National Historic Landmark District
National Memorial
*National Historic Site
National Monument
National Historical Park
Delisted landmark

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The nine archeological sites are: Boston Post Road Historic District, location of an 8000-year-old Paleo-Indian Archaeological site, Ganondagan State Historic Site, Fort Corchaug Archeological Site, Fort Massapeag Archeological Site, Fort Orange Archeological Site, Lamoka Site, Mohawk Upper Castle Historic District, Schuyler Flatts, and two in NYC: (African Burial Ground, and Wards Point Archeological Site).
  2. ^ The twelve Dutch home sites are: Bronck House, De Wint House, Fort Crailo, Jean Hasbrouck House, Huguenot Street Historic District, Hurley Historic District, Philipsburg Manor House, Van Alen House, and four in NYC (Conference House, Voorlezer's House, Wyckoff-Bennett Homestead, and Wyckoff House).
  3. ^ The twenty-one churches or houses of worship are: one of the three buildings in Cobblestone Historic District, Dutch Reformed Church (Newburgh, New York), Dutch Reformed Church (Sleepy Hollow), First Presbyterian Church (Sag Harbor, New York), First Reformed Protestant Dutch Church of Kingston, Harriet Tubman's Thompson AME Zion Church, the Indian Castle Church in Mohawk Upper Castle Historic District, St. Paul's Cathedral (Buffalo), St. Peter's Episcopal Church (Albany, New York), Willard Memorial Chapel-Welch Memorial Hall and 11 in NYC (Central Synagogue, Church of the Ascension, Eldridge Street Synagogue, Grace Church, New York, Old Quaker Meeting House (Flushing, Queens), Plymouth Church of the Pilgrims, St. Ann and the Holy Trinity Church, Trinity Church, St. George's Episcopal Church, St. Patrick's Cathedral, and St. Paul's Chapel).
  4. ^ The thirteen fort sites include five standing forts: Fort Crown Point, Fort Montgomery (Hudson River), Fort Niagara, Fort Stanwix, and Fort Ticonderoga; three fortified houses: Fort Crailo, Fort Klock, and Fort Johnson; and six ruins: Fort Corchaug Archeological Site, Fort Massapeag Archeological Site, Mohawk Upper Castle Historic District, Fort Orange Archeological Site, and Fort St. Frédéric.
  5. ^ The five other battlegrounds are: Bennington Battlefield, Newtown Battlefield, Oriskany Battlefield, Plattsburgh Bay, and Stony Point Battlefield.
  6. ^ The seven military support sites are: Washington's Headquarters, Knox's Headquarters, United States Military Academy, Watervliet Arsenal, and three in NYC (69th Regiment Armory, Quarters A, Brooklyn Navy Yard, and the Seventh Regiment Armory).
  7. ^ The shipwreck site is Land Tortoise (shipwreck).
  8. ^ The military site associated with the Civil War is Watervliet Arsenal.
  9. ^ The ten ships are: Edward M. Cotter (fireboat), Modesty (sloop), Nash (tugboat), Priscilla (sloop), USS The Sullivans (DD-537), and five in NYC (Ambrose (lightship), Firefighter (fireboat), USS Intrepid, and Lettie G. Howard (schooner)).
  10. ^ The 24 mansions include 17 in the Hudson River valley or otherwise outside NYC: Boston Post Road Historic District, including the 1838 Peter Augustus Jay House, Clermont, Jay Gould Estate, E.H. Harriman Estate, John Hartford House, Hyde Hall, Lindenwald, Philipse Manor Hall, John D. Rockefeller Estate, Rose Hill (Fayette), Dr. Oliver Bronson House and Estate, Montgomery Place, Elkanah Watson House, Philip Schuyler Mansion, Sunnyside, Villa Lewaro, and Samuel F. B. Morse House, and seven in NYC: (Bartow-Pell Mansion, Carnegie Mansion, Pierpont Morgan Library, King Manor, Harry F. Sinclair House, Morris-Jumel Mansion, and Van Cortlandt House).
  11. ^ The four landscaped sites are Springside (Matthew Vassar Estate) and three in NYC: (Central Park, Green-Wood Cemetery, and New York Botanical Garden).
  12. ^ The nine historic districts are: Boston Post Road Historic District, Chautauqua Historic District, Cobblestone Historic District, Geneseo Historic District, Hudson River Historic District, Huguenot Street Historic District, Hurley Historic District, and two in NYC: Brooklyn Heights Historic District and SoHo-Cast Iron Historic District.
  13. ^ The nine university buildings are: Morrill Hall, Main Building (Vassar College), Vassar College Observatory, Nott Memorial Hall, Elihu Root House, and four in NYC: (Low Memorial Library, Philosophy Hall, Pupin Hall, and Founder's Hall, The Rockefeller University).
  14. ^ The ten inventions and scientists NHLs are: General Electric Research Laboratory, W. & L. E. Gurley Building, James Hall Office, John William Draper House, George Eastman House, Irving Langmuir House, Franklin Hough House, Samuel F. B. Morse House, Jethro Wood House, and one in NYC: (Bell Laboratories Building).
  15. ^ The four engineering landmarks are: Old Blenheim Bridge, Adams Power Plant Transformer House, and two in NYC: (Brooklyn Bridge and Holland Tunnel).
  16. ^ The eleven skyscrapers include five that were once the tallest in the world, all in NYC: Flatiron Building, Metropolitan Life Insurance Company Tower, Woolworth Building, Chrysler Building, and Empire State Building, and six others: Prudential Building in Buffalo and five in NYC (Bayard-Condict Building, Daily News Building, Equitable Building, McGraw-Hill Building, and New York Life Building).
  17. ^ The seven commercial buildings, all in NYC, are: A. T. Stewart Company Store, American Stock Exchange, New York Stock Exchange, R. H. Macy and Company Store (building), New York Cotton Exchange, Chamber of Commerce Building, and Tiffany and Company Building.
  18. ^ The two bank buildings are: Troy Savings Bank and one in NYC: (National City Bank Building).
  19. ^ The five industrial facilities are: Adams Power Plant Transformer House, Harmony Mills, W. & L. E. Gurley Building, Rudolph Oyster House, and one in NYC (Lorillard Snuff Mill).
  20. ^ The three water works are: Croton Aqueduct, Erie Canal National Historic Landmark, and Delaware and Hudson Canal.
  21. ^ The two architectural oddities are Armour-Stiner House and Nott Memorial Hall.
  22. ^ The four mental care institutions are: Utica State Hospital, Buffalo State Hospital, Hudson River State Hospital, and New York State Inebriate Asylum.
  23. ^ The fourteen sites associated with women leaders are: Susan B. Anthony House, Kate Mullany House, Petrified Sea Gardens, Elizabeth Cady Stanton House, Steepletop, Harriet Tubman House, Villa Lewaro, Vassar College Observatory, and six in NYC (Alice Austen House, Florence Mills House, Henry Street Settlement, Morris-Jumel Mansion, New York Studio School (building), and Margaret Sanger Clinic).
  24. ^ The six abolitionist sites are: Boston Post Road Historic District, site of the Jay Property and John Jay's boyhood home, John Brown Farm and Gravesite, Lemuel Haynes House, Gerrit Smith Estate, Harriet Tubman House, and one in NYC (Plymouth Church of the Pilgrims).
  25. ^ The six sites later associated with African-American leaders are: Villa Lewaro and five in NYC (Matthew Henson Residence, James Weldon Johnson Residence, Florence Mills House, New York Amsterdam News Building, and Paul Robeson Home).
  26. ^ The three labor rights associated sites are: Kate Mullany House, and two in NYC (Triangle Shirtwaist Factory and Union Square)
  27. ^ The four other social activism sites in NYC are: Lower East Side Tenement National Historic Site, Henry Street Settlement, Margaret Sanger Clinic, and Stonewall.
  28. ^ The twenty-two homes of other national leaders are: Roscoe Conkling House, Millard Fillmore House, Gen. William Floyd House, John Jay Homestead, Boston Post Road Historic District which includes the childhood home of Founding Father John Jay as well as his final resting place Johnson Hall, Lindenwald, Thomas Paine Cottage, Elihu Root House, William Seward House, Gerrit Smith Estate, Top Cottage, Elkanah Watson House, and seven in NYC (Chester A. Arthur House, Ralph Johnson Bunche House, Hamilton Grange National Memorial, King Manor, Alfred E. Smith House, Gen. Winfield Scott House, and Samuel J. Tilden House).
  29. ^ The six government building are: New York State Capitol and five in NYC (New York City Hall, New York Surrogate's Court, Third Judicial District Courthouse, Tweed Courthouse, and the Alexander Hamilton U.S. Custom House).
  30. ^ The two utopian communes are Mount Lebanon Shaker Society and Oneida Community Mansion House.
  31. ^ The Adirondack Park's four great camps are: Camp Pine Knot, Eagle Island Camp, Sagamore Camp, and Santanoni Preserve.
  32. ^ The five other retreats are: Lewis Miller Cottage, Chautauqua Institution, Chautauqua Historic District, Lake Mohonk Mountain House, Saratoga Spa State Park, and Canfield Casino and Congress Park.
  33. ^ The nine artist studios are: Frederic E. Church House, Thomas Cole House, Roycroft Campus, Manitoga (Russel Wright Home), Thomas Moran House, William Sidney Mount House, Jackson Pollock House and Studio, and two in NYC (New York Studio School and Alice Austen House).
  34. ^ The nine writer/composer sites are: three associated with John Burroughs (Slabsides, Woodchuck Lodge, and John Burroughs' Riverby Study), Edgar Eggleston's Owl's Nest, Edna St. Vincent Millay's Steepletop, Washington Irving's Sunnyside, and four in NYC (Will Marion Cook House, Duke Ellington House, Claude McKay Residence, and John Philip Sousa House).
  35. ^ The four clubs are: Buffalo and Erie County Historical Society Building, and three in NYC (Brooklyn Historical Society Building, New York Yacht Club, and Players Club).
  36. ^ The eight entertainment venues or entertainers are: Canfield Casino and Congress Park, Elephant Hotel, Historic Track, Kleinhans Music Hall, Playland Amusement Park, and three in NYC (Carnegie Hall, Florence Mills House, and Jackie Robinson House).
  37. ^ The sixteen sites not elsewhere categorized are: Armour-Stiner House, Holland Land Office, Old House, Palisades Interstate Park, and 12 in NYC (Cooper Union, Dakota Apartments, Governors Island, Grand Central Station, Merchants House Museum, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York Public Library Main Branch, Plaza Hotel, United Charities Building, Rockefeller Center, and Sailors' Snug Harbor).
  38. ^ Architect Alexander Jackson Davis designed (or contributed to the design of) a mansion in the Boston Post Road Historic District, Dr. Oliver Bronson House and Estate, Dutch Reformed Church (Newburgh, New York), Lyndhurst (Jay Gould Estate), Montgomery Place, Locust Grove (Samuel F. B. Morse House), and Utica Psychiatric Center.
  39. ^ Andrew Jackson Downing designed Springside (Matthew Vassar Estate) and Utica State Hospital.
  40. ^ William West Durant designed Camp Pine Knot and Sagamore Camp.
  41. ^ Leopold Eidlitz designed New York State Capitol and Tweed Courthouse.
  42. ^ Cass Gilbert designed New York Life Building and the Alexander Hamilton U.S. Custom House.
  43. ^ Henry J. Hardenbergh designed The Dakota and Plaza Hotel.
  44. ^ Raymond Hood designed Daily News Building, McGraw Hill Building, and Rockefeller Center.
  45. ^ Philip Hooker designed Hyde Hall and Roscoe Conkling House.
  46. ^ Minard Lafever designed a mansion within Boston Post Road Historic District, First Presbyterian Church (Sag Harbor), First Reformed Protestant Dutch Church of Kingston, Old Merchant's House, Rose Hill (Fayette), Sailors Snug Harbor, and St. Ann and the Holy Trinity Church.
  47. ^ John McComb, Jr., designed Hamilton Grange, New York City Hall, and Quarters A, Brooklyn Navy Yard.
  48. ^ Frederick Law Olmsted designed Central Park, Buffalo State Hospital, and Hudson River State Hospital.
  49. ^ Isaac G. Perry designed New York State Capitol and New York State Inebriate Asylum.
  50. ^ George B. Post designed Brooklyn Historical Society Building, New York Stock Exchange, and Troy Savings Bank.
  51. ^ James Renwick, Jr., designed Grace Church, New York, Main Building (Vassar College), New York Stock Exchange, and St. Patrick's Cathedral, New York.
  52. ^ Henry Hobson Richardson originated the Richardsonian Romanesque style with Buffalo State Hospital and also contributed to the design of New York State Capitol.
  53. ^ Louis Sullivan designed Prudential Building and Bayard-Condict Building.
  54. ^ Richard Upjohn designed Church of the Ascension (New York), part of Green-Wood Cemetery, Lindenwald, St. Paul's Cathedral (Buffalo), St. Peter's Episcopal Church (Albany, New York), and Trinity Church.
  55. ^ Calvert Vaux designed Central Park, Frederic E. Church House, Hudson River State Hospital, Metropolitan Art Museum, Third Judicial District Courthouse, and Samuel J. Tilden House.
  56. ^ Frederick Clarke Withers designed Hudson River State Hospital and Third Judicial District Courthouse.
  57. ^ McKim, Mead, and White designed Metropolitan Art Museum, National City Bank Building, Pierpont Morgan Library, Low Memorial Library, Philosophy Hall, and Tiffany and Company Building.
  58. ^ Numbers represent an ordering by significant words. Various colorings, defined here, differentiate the National Monuments, National Historic Sites, National Historic Landmark Districts and other higher designations from other NHL buildings, structures, sites or objects.
  59. ^ The National Park Service provides technical and financial assistance to two "affiliated areas" in New York specifically authorized by Congress: Lower East Side Tenement National Historic Site and Thomas Cole National Historic Site.
  60. ^ Non-historic National Park Service areas in New York are: Gateway National Recreation Area (joint with New Jersey), Fire Island National Seashore, The Upper Delaware Scenic and Recreational River (shared with New Jersey), and the North Country National Scenic Trail, that starts at Crown Point in New York and stretches to North Dakota.

References[edit]

  1. ^ National Park Service. "National Historic Landmarks Program: Questions and Answers". Retrieved 2007-09-21. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g National Park Service (June 2010). National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State (PDF). U.S. Department of the Interior. Retrieved 2010-10-04  (Note its count of 258 for New York has not yet been updated for the departure of U.S.S. Edson, the Lightship Nantucket, the absence of Coast Guard cutter Fir, and the addition of the First Reformed Protestant Dutch Church of Kingston.)
  3. ^ a b These are listed on p.114 of National Historic Landmarks Survey: List of National Historic Landmarks by State, referenced above.
  4. ^ NHLs that are also NPS areas: upstate Thomas Cole House, Fort Stanwix, Lindenwald, Kate Mullany House, and in NYC African Burial Ground, Hamilton Grange, and Governors Island.
  5. ^ "About the Landmarks Preservation Commission". New York City. Retrieved 2008-01-26. 
  6. ^ a b National Park Service. "National Historic Landmark Program: NHL Database".  retrieved on various dates, and other sources cited in the articles on each of the sites.
  7. ^ Greenwood, Richard (December 11, 1975). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory/Nomination: Riverby, the John Burroughs Study". Retrieved 2008-01-09. 
  8. ^ National Park Service (June 27, 2005). National Park System Areas Listed in Chronological Order of Date Authorized Under DOI (PDF). National Park Service, Department of the Interior. Retrieved 2008-08-27 .
  9. ^ National Park Service (2008). "Antiquities Act monuments list". National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-08-27. 

External links[edit]