List of NHL players with 50-goal seasons

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An unshaven man with black hair stares into the distance. He is wearing a red uniform with blue pants and a logo saying "Washington Capitals" on his chest.
Alexander Ovechkin reached 50 goals for the fourth time in his career in 2009–10.

Scoring 50 goals in one season is one of the most celebrated individual achievements in the National Hockey League (NHL).[1] The feat was first accomplished in 1944–45 by Maurice Richard. Bernie Geoffrion became the second player to reach the milestone 16 years later in 1960–61. Fifty-goal seasons increased in frequency during 1970s and 1980s as offense increased across the league. By 1980, it had been reached 24 times in NHL history; the plateau was reached 76 times in the 1980s alone.

Wayne Gretzky scored his 50th goal in his 39th game in 1981–82, the fastest any player has done so. He also shares the record for most 50-goal seasons with Mike Bossy, each having reached the milestone nine times in their careers. A record fourteen players exceeded 50 goals in 1992–93, after which offence declined across the league, and with it the number of players to reach the total. For the first time in 29 years, no player scored 50 goals in 1998–99. The mark has been reached 186 times in NHL history by 90 players. Two players, Steven Stamkos (60) and Evgeni Malkin (50), reached the 50-goal plateau in 2011–12.

History[edit]

Joe Malone scored 44 goals for the Montreal Canadiens – in 20 games – in the NHL's inaugural season of 1917–18. It was a record that stood nearly 30 years.[2] The introduction of the centre red line and permission of forward passing out of the defensive zone in 1943 increased scoring;[3] six players scored 30 goals in 1943–44, the first time in league history so many players reached that total in one season.[4] Maurice Richard averaged a goal per game in 1944–45 and surpassed Malone's record late in the season.[5] He was as obsessed with reaching the 50-goal mark as his opponents were at preventing it. Richard faced opponents who repeatedly elbowed, hooked and held him in an effort to prevent him from reaching 50.[2] As a result, he scored only seven goals in his final 13 games.[6] Richard scored his 50th goal, in 50 games, in the third period of Montreal's final game of the season against the Boston Bruins.[7] The league introduced the Maurice "Rocket" Richard Trophy in his honour in 1999.[8]

Richard's mark stood untouched for 16 seasons until Bernie Geoffrion became the second player to score 50 goals in 1960–61, doing so in his 62nd game of the season.[1] Early in the 1960s, Chicago Black Hawks teammates Stan Mikita and Bobby Hull began experimenting with curved blades, noticing that different bends made shots more unpredictable for goaltenders. Mikita led the NHL in scoring four times using a curved blade,[9] while Hull became the third player in NHL history to score 50 goals in 1961–62. It was the first of five times he would reach the milestone.[10]

Phil Esposito scored 50 goals in five consecutive seasons in the 1970s, led by a then-NHL record 76 goals in 1970–71.[11] By 1980, 24 players had reached the mark.[12] Mike Bossy joined Richard as the second person in league history to score 50 goals in 50 games in 1980–81. He did so by scoring two goals in the final five minutes of the New York Islanders' 50th game.[12] Bossy, who had set a league rookie-scoring record with 53 goals in 1977–78, surpassed the 50-goal mark in each of his first nine NHL seasons.[13] The 1980s represented one of the highest scoring eras in NHL history,[14] and of the 185 50-goal seasons by 2008–09, 76 of them were accomplished in this decade.[1] Wayne Gretzky was responsible for nine of those seasons, including his league record 92 goals in 1981–82.[15] In that season, Gretzky scored five goals in his 39th game of the season to total 50, bettering Richard and Bossy by 11 games as the fastest to reach the mark.[16]

A record 14 players scored 50 goals in 1992–93.[17] Among them was Teemu Selanne, who scored 76 goals as a rookie, surpassing Bossy's record for first-year players by 23 goals.[18] Brett Hull scored over 50 goals five times in the 1990s,[19] equalling his father's totals in the 1960s. As teams shifted their focus to defensive play rather than offensive, scoring rapidly declined in the late 1990s.[20] No player scored 50 in 1998–99, the first time that had happened in 29 years, excluding the lockout shortened 1994–95 NHL season.[21]

Only five players reached the 50-goal mark between 1999 and 2004: Pavel Bure, Joe Sakic, Jaromir Jagr, Jarome Iginla and Milan Hejduk. Following the 2004–05 lockout that cancelled the season, the league introduced numerous rule changes designed to increase scoring.[20] Five players scored 50 in 2005–06, however the number of players reaching 50 goals has decreased since. Alexander Ovechkin was the only player to do so in 2008–09.[22] Ovechkin scored 50 goals for the fourth time in his career in 2009–10. He was one of three players to reach the mark, joined by Steven Stamkos and Sidney Crosby.[23]

Players[edit]

Upper body of a young man in a suit and tie with slicked back hair and a serious look on his face.
Maurice "Rocket" Richard was the NHL's first 50-goal scorer.
A bald man in a black suit raises his arms to acknowledge a crowd that is not seen.
Mark Messier had one 50-goal season.
Upper body of a man with dirty-blonde hair who is looking into the distance. He is standing at a podium and speaking into a microphone.
Wayne Gretzky had nine 50-goal seasons in his career.
Upper body of a man wearing a black uniform with a stylized penguin in yellow, grey and white on the chest. He is looking into the distance.
Mario Lemieux scored 85 goals in 1988–89.
A hockey player in a red and black uniform with a stylized C logo on his chest skates across the ice.
Jarome Iginla has had two 50 goal seasons 2001–02 and 2007–08.
A brown haired hockey player in a white and black uniform with the wordmark "Ducks" across his chest skates as he looks into the distance.
Teemu Selanne set a rookie record with 76 goals in 1992–93.
A hockey player in a blue, red and white uniform looks into the distance as he makes a turn while skating.
Sergei Fedorov scored 56 goals in 1993–94.
A hockey player with short, brown hair looks to his left as he skates. He is in a white and burgundy uniform with a stylized A logo on his chest.
Joe Sakic reached the mark twice.
 A hockey player on the ice before spectators. He wears a white jersey with a stylized C logo, and his youthful face has a serious expression.
Pavel Bure topped 50 goals with both Vancouver and Florida.
Chest view of a man with short black hair and wearing a suit. He smiles as he looks at the photographer.
Jonathan Cheechoo led the NHL with 56 goals in 2005–06.
Head view of a hockey player in a white uniform and helmet as he stares intently into the distance.
Dany Heatley topped 50 goals twice with the Ottawa Senators.
Upper body of a man with short black hair as he stares into the distance. He is in a white uniform with black trim.
Vincent Lecavalier scored 52 goals in 2006–07.
Key
  *  Player is active in the NHL in 2013–14
(#) Denotes the number of times a player with multiple 50-goal seasons reached that total
SeasonPlayerTeamGPGRef
1944–45Richard, MauriceMaurice RichardMontreal Canadiens5050[7]
1960–61Geoffrion, BernieBernie GeoffrionMontreal Canadiens6450[1]
1961–62Hull, BobbyBobby Hull (1)Chicago Black Hawks7050[10]
1965–66Hull, BobbyBobby Hull (2)Chicago Black Hawks6554[10]
1966–67Hull, BobbyBobby Hull (3)Chicago Black Hawks6652[10]
1968–69Hull, BobbyBobby Hull (4)Chicago Black Hawks7458[10]
1970–71Esposito, PhilPhil Esposito (1)Boston Bruins7876[11]
1970–71Bucyk, JohnnyJohnny BucykBoston Bruins7851[1]
1971–72Esposito, PhilPhil Esposito (2)Boston Bruins7666[11]
1971–72Hadfield, VicVic HadfieldNew York Rangers7850[24]
1971–72Hull, BobbyBobby Hull (5)Chicago Black Hawks7850[10]
1972–73Esposito, PhilPhil Esposito (3)Boston Bruins7855[11]
1972–73Redmond, MickeyMickey Redmond (1)Detroit Red Wings7652[25]
1972–73MacLeish, RickRick MacLeishPhiladelphia Flyers7850[26]
1973–74Esposito, PhilPhil Esposito (4)Boston Bruins7868[11]
1973–74Martin, RickRick Martin (1)Buffalo Sabres7852[27]
1973–74Redmond, MickeyMickey Redmond (2)Detroit Red Wings7651[25]
1973–74Hodge, KenKen HodgeBoston Bruins7650[28]
1974–75Esposito, PhilPhil Esposito (5)Boston Bruins7961[11]
1974–75Lafleur, GuyGuy Lafleur (1)Montreal Canadiens7053[29]
1974–75Martin, RickRick Martin (2)Buffalo Sabres6852[27]
1974–75Grant, DannyDanny GrantDetroit Red Wings8050[24]
1975–76Leach, ReggieReggie Leach (1)Philadelphia Flyers8061[30]
1975–76Lafleur, GuyGuy Lafleur (2)Montreal Canadiens8056[29]
1975–76Larouche, PierrePierre Larouche (1)Pittsburgh Penguins7653[1]
1975–76Pronovost, JeanJean PronovostPittsburgh Penguins8052[31]
1975–76Gare, DannyDanny Gare (1)Buffalo Sabres7950[32]
1975–76Barber, BillBill BarberPhiladelphia Flyers8050[33]
1976–77Shutt, SteveSteve ShuttMontreal Canadiens8060[34]
1976–77Lafleur, GuyGuy Lafleur (3)Montreal Canadiens8056[29]
1976–77Dionne, MarcelMarcel Dionne (1)Los Angeles Kings8053[35]
1977–78Lafleur, GuyGuy Lafleur (4)Montreal Canadiens7860[29]
1977–78Bossy, MikeMike Bossy (1)New York Islanders7353[13]
1978–79Bossy, MikeMike Bossy (2)New York Islanders8069[13]
1978–79Dionne, MarcelMarcel Dionne (2)Los Angeles Kings8059[35]
1978–79Lafleur, GuyGuy Lafleur (5)Montreal Canadiens8052[29]
1978–79Chouinard, GuyGuy ChouinardAtlanta Flames8050[24]
1979–80Simmer, CharlieCharlie Simmer (1)Los Angeles Kings6456[36]
1979–80Gare, DannyDanny Gare (2)Buffalo Sabres7656[32]
1979–80Stoughton, BlaineBlaine Stoughton (1)Hartford Whalers8056[37]
1979–80Dionne, MarcelMarcel Dionne (3)Los Angeles Kings8053[35]
1979–80Bossy, MikeMike Bossy (3)New York Islanders7551[13]
1979–80Gretzky, WayneWayne Gretzky (1)Edmonton Oilers7951[38]
1979–80Larouche, PierrePierre Larouche (2)Montreal Canadiens7350[1]
1979–80Lafleur, GuyGuy Lafleur (6)Montreal Canadiens7450[29]
1979–80Leach, ReggieReggie Leach (2)Philadelphia Flyers7650[30]
1980-81Bossy, MikeMike Bossy (4)New York Islanders7968[13]
1980–81Dionne, MarcelMarcel Dionne (4)Los Angeles Kings8058[35]
1980–81Simmer, CharlieCharlie Simmer (2)Los Angeles Kings6556[36]
1980–81Gretzky, WayneWayne Gretzky (2)Edmonton Oilers8055[38]
1980–81Kehoe, RickRick KehoePittsburgh Penguins8055[24]
1980–81Babych, WayneWayne BabychSt. Louis Blues7854[24]
1980–81Richard, JacquesJacques RichardQuebec Nordiques7852[24]
1980–81Maruk, DennisDennis Maruk (1)Washington Capitals8050[39]
1981–82Gretzky, WayneWayne Gretzky (3)Edmonton Oilers8092[38]
1981–82Bossy, MikeMike Bossy (5)New York Islanders8064[13]
1981–82Maruk, DennisDennis Maruk (2)Washington Capitals8060[39]
1981–82Ciccarelli, DinoDino Ciccarelli (1)Minnesota North Stars7655[40]
1981–82Vaive, RickRick Vaive (1)Toronto Maple Leafs7754[41]
1981–82Stoughton, BlaineBlaine Stoughton (2)Hartford Whalers8052[37]
1981–82Middleton, RickRick MiddletonBoston Bruins7551[42]
1981–82Dionne, MarcelMarcel Dionne (5)Los Angeles Kings7850[35]
1981–82Messier, MarkMark MessierEdmonton Oilers7850[43]
1981–82Trottier, BryanBryan TrottierNew York Islanders8050[44]
1982–83Gretzky, WayneWayne Gretzky (4)Edmonton Oilers8071[38]
1982–83McDonald, LannyLanny McDonaldCalgary Flames8066[45]
1982–83Bossy, MikeMike Bossy (6)New York Islanders7960[13]
1982–83Goulet, MichelMichel Goulet (1)Quebec Nordiques8057[46]
1982–83Dionne, MarcelMarcel Dionne (6)Los Angeles Kings8056[35]
1982–83Secord, AlAl SecordChicago Black Hawks8054[47]
1982–83Vaive, RickRick Vaive (2)Toronto Maple Leafs7851[41]
1983–84Gretzky, WayneWayne Gretzky (5)Edmonton Oilers7487[38]
1983–84Goulet, MichelMichel Goulet (2)Quebec Nordiques7556[46]
1983–84Kerr, TimTim Kerr (1)Philadelphia Flyers7954[48]
1983–84Anderson, GlennGlenn Anderson (1)Edmonton Oilers8054[49]
1983–84Kurri, JariJari Kurri (1)Edmonton Oilers6452[50]
1983–84Vaive, RickRick Vaive (3)Toronto Maple Leafs7652[41]
1983-84Bossy, MikeMike Bossy (7)New York Islanders6751[13]
1983–84Bullard, MikeMike BullardPittsburgh Penguins7651[51]
1984–85Gretzky, WayneWayne Gretzky (6)Edmonton Oilers8073[38]
1984–85Kurri, JariJari Kurri (2)Edmonton Oilers7371[50]
1984–85Bossy, MikeMike Bossy (8)New York Islanders7658[13]
1984–85Goulet, MichelMichel Goulet (3)Quebec Nordiques6955[46]
1984–85Ogrodnick, JohnJohn OgrodnickDetroit Red Wings7955[52]
1984–85Kerr, TimTim Kerr (2)Philadelphia Flyers7454[48]
1984–85Carpenter, BobbyBobby CarpenterWashington Capitals8053[53]
1984–85Hawerchuk, DaleDale HawerchukWinnipeg Jets8053[54]
1984–85Gartner, MikeMike GartnerWashington Capitals8050[55]
1985–86Kurri, JariJari Kurri (3)Edmonton Oilers7868[50]
1985-86Bossy, MikeMike Bossy (9)New York Islanders8061[13]
1985–86Kerr, TimTim Kerr (3)Philadelphia Flyers7658[48]
1985–86Anderson, GlennGlenn Anderson (2)Edmonton Oilers7254[49]
1985–86Goulet, MichelMichel Goulet (4)Quebec Nordiques7553[46]
1985–86Gretzky, WayneWayne Gretzky (7)Edmonton Oilers8052[38]
1986–87Gretzky, WayneWayne Gretzky (8)Edmonton Oilers7962[38]
1986–87Kerr, TimTim Kerr (4)Philadelphia Flyers7558[48]
1986–87Lemieux, MarioMario Lemieux (1)Pittsburgh Penguins6354[56]
1986–87Kurri, JariJari Kurri (4)Edmonton Oilers7954[50]
1986–87Ciccarelli, DinoDino Ciccarelli (2)Minnesota North Stars8052[40]
1987–88Lemieux, MarioMario Lemieux (2)Pittsburgh Penguins7770[56]
1987–88Simpson, CraigCraig SimpsonPittsburgh Penguins/Edmonton Oilers8056[57]
1987–88Carson, JimmyJimmy CarsonLos Angeles Kings8055[58]
1987–88Robitaille, LucLuc Robitaille (1)Los Angeles Kings8053[59]
1987–88Nieuwendyk, JoeJoe Nieuwendyk (1)Calgary Flames7551[60]
1987–88Yzerman, SteveSteve Yzerman (1)Detroit Red Wings6450[61]
1987–88Richer, StephaneStephane Richer (1)Montreal Canadiens7250[62]
1987–88Loob, HakanHakan LoobCalgary Flames8050[24]
1988–89Lemieux, MarioMario Lemieux (3)Pittsburgh Penguins7685[56]
1988–89Nicholls, BernieBernie NichollsLos Angeles Kings7970[63]
1988–89Yzerman, SteveSteve Yzerman (2)Detroit Red Wings8065[61]
1988–89Gretzky, WayneWayne Gretzky (9)Los Angeles Kings7854[38]
1988–89Nieuwendyk, JoeJoe Nieuwendyk (2)Calgary Flames7751[60]
1988–89Mullen, JoeJoe MullenCalgary Flames7951[64]
1989–90Hull, BrettBrett Hull (1)St. Louis Blues8072[19]
1989–90Yzerman, SteveSteve Yzerman (3)Detroit Red Wings7962[61]
1989–90Neely, CamCam Neely (1)Boston Bruins7655[65]
1989–90Bellows, BrianBrian BellowsMinnesota North Stars8055[66]
1989–90LaFontaine, PatPat LaFontaine (1)New York Islanders7454[67]
1989–90Robitaille, LucLuc Robitaille (2)Los Angeles Kings8052[59]
1989–90Richer, StephaneStephane Richer (2)Montreal Canadiens7551[62]
1989–90Leeman, GaryGary LeemanToronto Maple Leafs8051[24]
1990–91Hull, BrettBrett Hull (2)St. Louis Blues7886[19]
1990–91Neely, CamCam Neely (2)Boston Bruins6951[65]
1990–91Fleury, TheorenTheoren FleuryCalgary Flames7951[68]
1990–91Yzerman, SteveSteve Yzerman (4)Detroit Red Wings8051[61]
1991–92Hull, BrettBrett Hull (3)St. Louis Blues7370[19]
1991–92Stevens, KevinKevin Stevens (1)Pittsburgh Penguins8054[69]
1991–92Roberts, GaryGary RobertsCalgary Flames7653[24]
1991–92Roenick, JeremyJeremy Roenick (1)Chicago Blackhawks8053[70]
1992–93Mogilny, AlexanderAlexander Mogilny (1)Buffalo Sabres7776[71]
1992–93Selanne, TeemuTeemu Selanne* (1)Winnipeg Jets8476[18]
1992–93Lemieux, MarioMario Lemieux (4)Pittsburgh Penguins6069[56]
1992–93Robitaille, LucLuc Robitaille (3)Los Angeles Kings8463[59]
1992–93Bure, PavelPavel Bure (1)Vancouver Canucks8360[72]
1992–93Turgeon, PierrePierre TurgeonNew York Islanders8358[73]
1992–93Yzerman, SteveSteve Yzerman (5)Detroit Red Wings8458[61]
1992–93Stevens, KevinKevin Stevens (2)Pittsburgh Penguins7255[69]
1992–93Hull, BrettBrett Hull (4)St. Louis Blues8054[19]
1992–93Andreychuk, DaveDave Andreychuk (1)Buffalo Sabres/Toronto Maple Leafs8354[74]
1992–93LaFontaine, PatPat LaFontaine (2)Buffalo Sabres8453[67]
1992–93Recchi, MarkMark RecchiPhiladelphia Flyers8453[75]
1992–93Shanahan, BrendanBrendan Shanahan (1)St. Louis Blues7151[76]
1992–93Roenick, JeremyJeremy Roenick (2)Chicago Blackhawks8450[70]
1993–94Bure, PavelPavel Bure (2)Vancouver Canucks7660[72]
1993–94Hull, BrettBrett Hull (5)St. Louis Blues8157[19]
1993–94Fedorov, SergeiSergei FedorovDetroit Red Wings8256[77]
1993–94Andreychuk, DaveDave Andreychuk (2)Toronto Maple Leafs8353[74]
1993–94Shanahan, BrendanBrendan Shanahan (2)St. Louis Blues8152[76]
1993–94Sheppard, RayRay SheppardDetroit Red Wings8252[78]
1993–94Graves, AdamAdam GravesNew York Rangers8452[24]
1993–94Neely, CamCam Neely (3)Boston Bruins4950[65]
1993–94Modano, MikeMike ModanoDallas Stars7650[79]
1995–96Lemieux, MarioMario Lemieux (5)Pittsburgh Penguins7069[56]
1995–96Jagr, JaromirJaromir Jagr* (1)Pittsburgh Penguins8262[80]
1995–96Mogilny, AlexanderAlexander Mogilny (2)Vancouver Canucks7955[71]
1995–96Bondra, PeterPeter Bondra (1)Washington Capitals6752[81]
1995–96LeClair, JohnJohn LeClair (1)Philadelphia Flyers8251[82]
1995–96Sakic, JoeJoe Sakic (1)Colorado Avalanche8251[83]
1995–96Tkachuk, KeithKeith Tkachuk (1)Winnipeg Jets7650[84]
1995–96Kariya, PaulPaul KariyaMighty Ducks of Anaheim8250[85]
1996–97Tkachuk, KeithKeith Tkachuk (2)Phoenix Coyotes8152[84]
1996–97Selanne, TeemuTeemu Selanne* (2)Mighty Ducks of Anaheim7851[18]
1996–97Lemieux, MarioMario Lemieux (6)Pittsburgh Penguins7650[56]
1996–97LeClair, JohnJohn LeClair (2)Philadelphia Flyers8250[82]
1997–98Selanne, TeemuTeemu Selanne* (3)Mighty Ducks of Anaheim7352[18]
1997–98Bondra, PeterPeter Bondra (2)Washington Capitals7652[81]
1997–98Bure, PavelPavel Bure (3)Vancouver Canucks8251[72]
1997–98LeClair, JohnJohn LeClair (3)Philadelphia Flyers8251[82]
1999–2000Bure, PavelPavel Bure (4)Florida Panthers7458[72]
2000–01Bure, PavelPavel Bure (5)Florida Panthers8259[72]
2000–01Sakic, JoeJoe Sakic (2)Colorado Avalanche8254[83]
2000–01Jagr, JaromirJaromir Jagr* (2)Pittsburgh Penguins8152[80]
2001–02Iginla, JaromeJarome Iginla* (1)Calgary Flames8252[86]
2002–03Hejduk, MilanMilan HejdukColorado Avalanche8250[87]
2005–06Cheechoo, JonathanJonathan CheechooSan Jose Sharks8256[88]
2005–06Jagr, JaromirJaromir Jagr* (3)New York Rangers8254[80]
2005–06Kovalchuk, IlyaIlya Kovalchuk (1)Atlanta Thrashers7852[89]
2005–06Ovechkin, AlexanderAlexander Ovechkin* (1)Washington Capitals8152[90]
2005–06Heatley, DanyDany Heatley* (1)Ottawa Senators8250[91]
2006–07Lecavalier, VincentVincent Lecavalier*Tampa Bay Lightning8252[92]
2006–07Heatley, DanyDany Heatley* (2)Ottawa Senators8250[91]
2007–08Ovechkin, AlexanderAlexander Ovechkin* (2)Washington Capitals8265[90]
2007–08Kovalchuk, IlyaIlya Kovalchuk (2)Atlanta Thrashers7952[89]
2007–08Iginla, JaromeJarome Iginla* (2)Calgary Flames8250[86]
2008–09Ovechkin, AlexanderAlexander Ovechkin* (3)Washington Capitals7956[90]
2009–10Crosby, SidneySidney Crosby*Pittsburgh Penguins8151[93]
2009–10Stamkos, StevenSteven Stamkos* (1)Tampa Bay Lightning8251[94]
2009–10Ovechkin, AlexanderAlexander Ovechkin* (4)Washington Capitals7250[90]
2010–11Perry, CoreyCorey Perry*Anaheim Ducks8250[95]
2011–12Stamkos, StevenSteven Stamkos* (2)Tampa Bay Lightning8260[94]
2011–12Malkin, EvgeniEvgeni Malkin*Pittsburgh Penguins7550[96]

References[edit]

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  77. ^ "Sergei Fedorov player profile". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 
  78. ^ "Ray Sheppard player profile". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 
  79. ^ "Mike Modano player profile". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 
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  85. ^ "Paul Kariya player profile". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 
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  87. ^ "Milan Hejduk player profile". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 
  88. ^ "Johnathan Cheechoo player profile". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 
  89. ^ a b "Ilya Kovalchuk player profile". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 
  90. ^ a b c d "Alexander Ovechkin player profile". National Hockey League. Retrieved 2010-04-11. 
  91. ^ a b "Dany Heatley player profile". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 
  92. ^ "Vincent Lecavalier player profile". Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 2010-03-23. 
  93. ^ "Sidney Crosby player profile". National Hockey League. Retrieved 2010-04-11. 
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