Islam by country

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World Muslim population by percentage (Pew Research Center, 2014).

Muslims constitute the world's second largest religious group. According to a 2010 study and released January 2011,[1][2] Islam has 1.57 billion adherents, making up over 23% of the world population.[3][4][5]

Islam is the dominant religion in the Middle East, North Africa, the Horn of Africa, the Sahel,[1][6][7][8] and some parts of Asia.[9] Large communities of Muslims are also found in China, the Balkans, India and Russia.[1][10] Other parts of the world host large Muslim immigrant communities; in Western Europe, for instance, Islam is the second largest religion after Christianity, where it represents 6% of the total population.[11]

According to the Pew Research Center in 2010 there were 49 Muslim-majority countries.[12] Around 62% of the world's Muslims live in South and Southeast Asia, with over 1 billion adherents.[13] The largest Muslim population in a country is in Indonesia, a nation home to 12.7% of the world's Muslims, followed by Pakistan (11.0%), India (10.9%), and Bangladesh (9.2%).[1][14] About 20% of Muslims live in Arab countries.[15] In the Middle East, the non-Arab countries of Turkey and Iran are the largest Muslim-majority countries; in Africa, Egypt and Nigeria have the most populous Muslim communities.[1][14] The study found more Muslims in the United Kingdom than in Lebanon and more in China than in Syria.[1]

Countries[edit]

Figures indicated in the first four columns below are based on the demographic study by the Pew Research Center report of The Future of the Global Muslim Population, as of 27 January 2011.[1][2]

Table[edit]

Country/Region[1]Muslim population
2010 Pew Report[1]
Muslim percentage (%) of total population
2010 Pew Report[1]
Percentage (%) of World Muslim population
2010 Pew Report[1]
Muslim population
Other sources
Muslim percentage (%)
Other sources
Afghanistan Afghanistan29,047,00099.81.8
Albania Albania2,601,00082.10.21,587,608 (official census)[16]38.8%[17][18] 56.7%[16]
Algeria Algeria34,780,00098.22.1
American Samoa American Samoa< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
Andorra Andorra1,0001.1< 0.1
Angola Angola195,0001.0< 0.1
Anguilla Anguilla< 1,0000.3< 0.1
Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda< 1,0000.6< 0.1
Argentina Argentina1,000,0002.50.1
Armenia Armenia1,000< 0.1< 0.1
Aruba Aruba< 1,0000.4< 0.1
Australia Australia399,0001.9< 0.1476,291 (official census)[19]2.2%[19]
Austria Austria475,0005.7< 0.1400-500,000[20]~6.0%[21]
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan8,795,00098.40.5
The Bahamas Bahamas< 1,0000.1< 0.1
Bahrain Bahrain655,00081.2< 0.1866,888 (official census)[22]70.2%[22]
Bangladesh Bangladesh148,607,00090.49.2
Barbados Barbados2,0000.9< 0.1
Belarus Belarus19,0000.2< 0.1
Belgium Belgium638,0006.0< 0.1628,751[23]6.0%[23]
Belize Belize< 1,0000.1< 0.1
Benin Benin2,259,00024.50.1
Bermuda Bermuda< 1,0000.8< 0.1
Bhutan Bhutan7,0001.0< 0.1
Bolivia Bolivia2,000< 0.1< 0.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia-Herzegovina1,564,00041.60.145%[24]
Botswana Botswana8,0000.4< 0.1
Brazil Brazil204,0000.1< 0.135,167 (official census)[25]0.03%[25]
British Virgin Islands British Virgin Islands< 1,0001.2< 0.1
Brunei Brunei211,00051.9< 0.167%[26]
Bulgaria Bulgaria1,002,00013.40.1577,139 (official census)[27]10%[27]
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso9,600,00058.90.660.5%[28]
Burma Burma (Myanmar)1,900,0003.80.1
Burundi Burundi184,0002.2< 0.1
Cambodia Cambodia240,0001.6< 0.1
Cameroon Cameroon3,598,00018.00.220.9%[29]
Canada Canada940,0002.80.11,053,945 (official census)[30]1.9%,[31] 3.2%[30]
Cape Verde Cape Verde< 1,0000.1< 0.1
Cayman Islands Cayman Islands< 1,0000.2< 0.1
Central African Republic Central African Republic403,0008.9< 0.115%[32][33]
Chad Chad6,404,00055.70.4
Chile Chile4,000< 0.1< 0.12,894 (official census)[34]0.03% (over 15+ pop.)[34]
China China23,308,0001.81.450,000,000[35]
Colombia Colombia14,000< 0.1< 0.140,000 to 80,000[36]
Comoros Comoros679,00098.3< 0.1
Democratic Republic of the Congo Congo969,0001.40.1
Cook Islands Cook Islands< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
Costa Rica Costa Rica< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
Croatia Croatia56,0001.3< 0.1
Cuba Cuba10,0000.1< 0.1
Cyprus Cyprus200,00022.7< 0.1
Czech Republic Czech Republic4,000< 0.1< 0.1
Denmark Denmark226,0004.1< 0.1210,000[37]3.7%[37]
Djibouti Djibouti853,00097.00.1
Dominica Dominica< 1,0000.2< 0.1
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic2,000< 0.1< 0.1
Ecuador Ecuador2,000< 0.1< 0.1
Egypt Egypt80,024,00094.74.991%[38]
El Salvador El Salvador2,000< 0.1< 0.1
Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea28,0004.1< 0.1
Eritrea Eritrea1,909,00036.50.150%[39]
Estonia Estonia2,0000.1< 0.11,400[40]
Ethiopia Ethiopia28,721,00033.81.8
Faroe Islands Faeroe Islands< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
Falkland Islands Falkland Islands< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
Federated States of Micronesia Federated States of Micronesia< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
Fiji Fiji54,0006.3< 0.1
Finland Finland42,0000.8< 0.1
France France4,704,0007.50.38%-10%[41]
French Guiana French Guiana2,0000.9< 0.1
French Polynesia French Polynesia< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
Gabon Gabon145,0009.7< 0.1
The Gambia Gambia1,669,00095.30.1
Georgia (country) Georgia442,00010.5< 0.1
Germany Germany4,119,0005.00.34,300,000[42]5,4%[42]
Ghana Ghana3,906,00016.10.2
Gibraltar Gibraltar1,0004.0< 0.1
Greece Greece527,0004.7< 0.1
Greenland Greenland< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
Grenada Grenada< 1,0000.3< 0.1
Guadeloupe Guadeloupe2,0000.4< 0.1
Guam Guam< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
Guatemala Guatemala1,000< 0.1< 0.1
Guinea Guinea8,693,00084.20.5
Guinea-Bissau Guinea Bissau705,00042.8< 0.150%[43]
Guyana Guyana55,0007.2< 0.1
Haiti Haiti2,000< 0.1< 0.1
Honduras Honduras11,0000.1< 0.1
Hong Kong Hong Kong91,0001.3< 0.1
Hungary Hungary25,0000.3< 0.15,579 (official census)[44]
Iceland Iceland< 1,0000.1< 0.1770[45]0.24%[45]
India India177,286,00014.610.922%[43]
Indonesia Indonesia204,847,00088.112.7
Iran Iran74,819,00099.74.6
Iraq Iraq31,108,00098.91.9
Republic of Ireland Ireland43,0000.9< 0.1
Isle of Man Isle of Man< 1,0000.2< 0.1
Israel Israel1,287,00017.70.1
Italy Italy1,583,0002.60.1825,000[21]1.4%[21]
Ivory Coast Ivory Coast7,960,00036.90.540%[46][47][48]
Jamaica Jamaica1,000< 0.1< 0.1
Japan Japan185,0000.1< 0.1
Jordan Jordan6,397,00098.80.4
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan8,887,00056.40.570.2% (official census)[49]
Kenya Kenya2,868,0007.00.210%[50]
Kiribati Kiribati< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
Kosovo Kosovo2,104,00091.70.11,584,000[51]
Kuwait Kuwait2,636,00086.40.2
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan4,927,00088.80.3
Laos Laos1,000< 0.1< 0.1
Latvia Latvia2,0000.1< 0.1
Lebanon Lebanon2,542,00059.70.2
Lesotho Lesotho1,000< 0.1< 0.1
Liberia Liberia523,00012.8< 0.1
Libya Libya6,325,00096.60.4
Liechtenstein Liechtenstein2,0004.8< 0.1
Lithuania Lithuania3,0000.1< 0.1
Luxembourg Luxembourg11,0002.3< 0.1
Macau Macau< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
Republic of Macedonia Macedonia713,00034.9< 0.1
Madagascar Madagascar220,0001.1< 0.17%[52]
Malawi Malawi2,011,00012.80.1
Malaysia Malaysia17,139,00061.41.1
Maldives Maldives309,00098.4< 0.1
Mali Mali12,316,00092.40.8
Malta Malta1,0000.3< 0.1
Marshall Islands Marshall Islands< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
Martinique Martinique< 1,0000.2< 0.1
Mauritania Mauritania3,338,00099.20.2
Mauritius Mauritius216,00016.6< 0.1
Mayotte Mayotte197,00098.8< 0.1
Mexico Mexico111,0000.1< 0.13,700 (official census)[53]
Moldova Moldova15,0000.4< 0.1
Monaco Monaco< 1,0000.5< 0.1
Mongolia Mongolia120,0004.4< 0.1
Montenegro Montenegro116,00018.5< 0.1118,477 [54]19.11% [54]
Montserrat Montserrat< 1,0000.1< 0.1
Morocco Morocco32,381,00099.92.099%[55]
Mozambique Mozambique5,340,00022.80.3
Namibia Namibia9,0000.4< 0.1
Nauru Nauru< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
Nepal Nepal1,253,0004.20.1
Netherlands Netherlands914,0005.50.15.8%[56]
Netherlands Antilles Netherlands Antilles< 1,0000.2< 0.1
New Caledonia New Caledonia7,0002.8< 0.1
New Zealand New Zealand41,0000.9< 0.1
Nicaragua Nicaragua1,000< 0.1< 0.1
Niger Niger15,627,00098.31.0
Nigeria Nigeria75,728,00047.94.785,000,00050%[57]
Niue Niue< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
North Korea North Korea3,000< 0.1< 0.1
Northern Mariana Islands Northern Mariana Islands< 1,0000.7< 0.1
Norway Norway144,0003.0< 0.1163,180 in 2008[58]
Oman Oman2,547,00087.70.2
Pakistan Pakistan178,097,00096.411.0
Palau Palau< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
State of Palestine Palestine4,298,00097.50.33,500,00099.3% (Gaza Strip),[59] 75% (West Bank)[60]
Panama Panama25,0000.7< 0.1
Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea2,000< 0.1< 0.1
Paraguay Paraguay1,000< 0.1< 0.1
Peru Peru< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
Philippines Philippines4,737,0005.10.310,300,000 (2012)[61]5% (2000) to 11% (2012)[61]
Pitcairn Islands Pitcairn Islands< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
Poland Poland20,0000.1< 0.1
Portugal Portugal65,0000.6< 0.1
Puerto Rico Puerto Rico1,000< 0.1< 0.1
Qatar Qatar1,168,00077.50.1
Republic of the Congo Republic of Congo60,0001.6< 0.1
Réunion Reunion35,0004.2< 0.1
Romania Romania73,0000.3< 0.1
Russia Russia16,379,00011.71.015%[62]
Rwanda Rwanda188,0001.8< 0.1
Saint Helena St. Helena< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
Saint Kitts and Nevis St. Kitts and Nevis< 1,0000.3< 0.1
Saint Lucia St. Lucia< 1,0000.1< 0.1
Saint Pierre and Miquelon St. Pierre and Miquelon< 1,0000.2< 0.1
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines St. Vincent and the Grenadines2,0001.7< 0.1
Samoa Samoa< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
San Marino San Marino< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé and Príncipe< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia25,493,00097.11.6
Senegal Senegal12,333,00095.90.8
Serbia Serbia280,0003.7< 0.1
Seychelles Seychelles< 1,0001.1< 0.1
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone4,171,00071.50.3
Singapore Singapore721,00014.9< 0.1
Slovakia Slovakia4,0000.1< 0.1
Slovenia Slovenia49,0002.4< 0.1
Solomon Islands Solomon Islands< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
Somalia Somalia9,231,00098.60.699.9%[63][64][65][66][67]
South Africa South Africa737,0001.5< 0.1
South Korea South Korea75,0000.2< 0.1
South Sudan South Sudan
Spain Spain1,021,0002.30.11,000,000[21]2.3%[21]
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka1,725,0008.50.11,967,227 (official census)[68]9.71[68]
Sudan Sudan30,855,00071.4[Note 1]1.997.0% (only the Republic of Sudan)[69]
Suriname Suriname84,00015.9< 0.119.6%[70]
Swaziland Swaziland2,0000.2< 0.1
Sweden Sweden451,0004.9< 0.1450-500,000[71]~5%[71]
Switzerland Switzerland433,0005.7< 0.1400,000[72]5%[72]
Syria Syria20,895,00092.81.3
Taiwan Taiwan23,0000.1< 0.160,000[73]0.3%[74]
Tajikistan Tajikistan7,006,00099.00.4
Tanzania Tanzania13,450,00029.90.835%[75]
Thailand Thailand3,952,0005.80.2
East Timor Timor-Leste1,0000.1< 0.1
Togo Togo827,00012.20.120%[76]
Tokelau Tokelau< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
Tonga Tonga< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago78,0005.8< 0.1
Tunisia Tunisia10,349,00099.80.6
Turkey Turkey74,660,00098.64.6
Turkmenistan Turkmenistan4,830,00093.30.3
Turks and Caicos Islands Turks and Caicos Islands< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
Tuvalu Tuvalu< 1,0000.1< 0.1
Uganda Uganda4,060,00012.00.3
Ukraine Ukraine393,0000.9< 0.12,000,000[77]
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates3,577,00076.00.2
United Kingdom United Kingdom2,869,0004.60.22,422,000[78]2.4%[21]
United States United States2,595,0000.80.26,000,000-7,000,000[79]
United States Virgin Islands U.S. Virgin Islands< 1,0000.1< 0.1
Uruguay Uruguay< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
Uzbekistan Uzbekistan26,833,00096.51.7
Vanuatu Vanuatu< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
Vatican City Vatican City000
Venezuela Venezuela95,0000.3< 0.1
Vietnam Vietnam160,0000.2< 0.171,200[80]
Wallis and Futuna Wallis and Futuna< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
Western Sahara Western Sahara528,00099.6< 0.1
Yemen Yemen24,023,00099.01.5
Zambia Zambia59,0000.4< 0.1
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe109,0000.9< 0.1
South & Southeast Asia1,005,507,00024.862.1
Middle East-North Africa321,869,00091.219.9
Sub-Saharan Africa242,544,00029.615.0
Europe44,138,0006.02.7
Americas5,256,0000.60.3
World Total1,619,314,00023.4100.0
  1. ^ Includes South Sudan

See also[edit]

Other religions by country

General

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Muslim Population by Country". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "Preface", The Future of the Global Muslim Population (Pew Research Center) 
  3. ^ "Executive Summary". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  4. ^ "Christian Population as Percentages of Total Population by Country". Global Christianity. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  5. ^ Turmoil in the world of Islam
  6. ^ "Region: Middle East-North Africa". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  7. ^ "Region: Sub-Saharan Africa". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  8. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica. Britannica Book of the Year 2003. Encyclopædia Britannica, (2003) ISBN 978-0-85229-956-2 p.306
    According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, as of mid-2002, there were 376,453,000 Christians, 329,869,000 Muslims and 98,734,000 people who practiced traditional religions in Africa. Ian S. Markham, (A World Religions Reader. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 1996.) is cited by Morehouse University as giving the mid-1990s figure of 278,250,800 Muslims in Africa, but still as 40.8% of the total population. These numbers are estimates, and remain a matter of conjecture. See Amadu Jacky Kaba. The spread of Christianity and Islam in Africa: a survey and analysis of the numbers and percentages of Christians, Muslims and those who practice indigenous religions. The Western Journal of Black Studies, Vol 29, Number 2, June 2005. Discusses the estimations of various almanacs and encyclopedium, placing Britannica's estimate as the most agreed figure. Notes the figure presented at the World Christian Encyclopedia, summarized here, as being an outlier. On rates of growth, Islam and Pentecostal Christianity are highest, see: The List: The World’s Fastest-Growing Religions, Foreign Policy, May 2007.
  9. ^ Britannica[dead link], Think Quest, Wadsworth.com
  10. ^ Secrets of Islam, U.S. News & World Report. Information provided by the International Population Center, Department of Geography, San Diego State University (2005).
  11. ^ See:
  12. ^ "Muslim-Majority Countries". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  13. ^ "Region: Asia-Pacific". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  14. ^ a b "Number of Muslim by country". nationmaster.com. Retrieved 2007-05-30. 
  15. ^ See:
    • Esposito (2002b), p.21
    • Esposito (2004), pp.2,43
  16. ^ a b Albanian census 2011
  17. ^ "Albania". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 2010-06-05. 
  18. ^ "Religious Freedom-Albania". The Religious Freedom Page. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  19. ^ a b "Reflecting a Nation: Stories from the 2011 Census, 2012–2013". Australian Bureau of Statistics.
  20. ^ How many Muslims live in Austria?
  21. ^ a b c d e f "Muslims in Europe: Country guide". BBC News. 2005-12-23. 
  22. ^ a b General Tables Census of Bahrain
  23. ^ a b In België wonen 628.751 moslims
  24. ^ 2010 Report on International Religious Freedom - Bosnia and Herzegovina
  25. ^ a b [1] Census 2010
  26. ^ The Word Factbook - Brunei
  27. ^ a b Census 2011
  28. ^ The Word Factbook - Burkina Faso
  29. ^ 2010 Report on International Religious Freedom - Cameroon
  30. ^ a b National Household Survey (NHS) Profile, 2011 - Option 2: Select from a list. Statistics Canada.
  31. ^ "Canada". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 2010-06-22. 
  32. ^ 2010 Report on International Religious Freedom - Central African Republic
  33. ^ The World Factbook - Central African Republic
  34. ^ a b Chile 2002 census database
  35. ^ 2010 Report on International Religious Freedom - China (includes Tibet, Hong Kong, Macau)
  36. ^ http://colombiareports.co/colombias-religious-minorities-muslim-community/
  37. ^ a b Denmark - International Religious Freedom Report 2009
  38. ^ Religion Statistics > Islam > Percentage Muslim (most recent) by country
  39. ^ 2009 Report on International Religious Freedom - Eritrea
  40. ^ Islam in Estonia homepage.
  41. ^ 2010 Report on International Religious Freedom - France
  42. ^ a b Studie: Deutlich mehr Muslime in Deutschland
  43. ^ a b 2010 Report on International Religious Freedom - Guinea-Bissau
  44. ^ Hungarian census 2011
  45. ^ a b "Populations by religious organizations 1998-2013". Reykjavík, Iceland: Statistics Iceland. 
  46. ^ Figures, stats and information on Cote d'Ivoire
  47. ^ Côte d'Ivoire The religious and ethnic faultlines in Ivory Coast
  48. ^ RELIGION-COTE D'IVOIRE: Women Seek More Leadership Roles[dead link]
  49. ^ "The results of the national population census in 2009". Agency of Statistics of the Republic of Kazakhstan. 12 November 2010. Retrieved 21 January 2010. 
  50. ^ 2008 Report on International Religious Freedom - Kenya
  51. ^ "Kosovo". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 2009-07-24. 
  52. ^ The World Factbook - Madagascar
  53. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (2010). "Censo de Población y Vivienda 2010 — Cuestionario básico". INEGI. Retrieved 4 March 2011. 
  54. ^ a b http://www.monstat.org/userfiles/file/popis2011/saopstenje/saopstenje(1).pdf
  55. ^ The World Factbook - Morocco
  56. ^ "Netherlands". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 2010-06-22. 
  57. ^ [2]
  58. ^ Innvandrere og norskfødte med innvandrerforeldre fra land der islam er hovedreligion, etter landbakgrunn. 1980, 1990, 2000 og 2008
  59. ^ "Gaza Strip". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 2010-06-05. 
  60. ^ "West Bank". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 2010-06-05. 
  61. ^ a b "Philippines". 2012 Report on International Religious Freedom. U.S. Department of State. May 20, 2013. Section I. Religious Demography. 
  62. ^ USCIRF Annual Report 2006 - The Russian Federation
  63. ^ Mohamed Diriye Abdullahi, Culture and Customs of Somalia, page 55
  64. ^ Harm De Blij, Why Geography Matters: More Than Ever page 202
  65. ^ Yoel Natan, Moon-o-theism, Volume I of II page 299
  66. ^ Christopher Daniels, Somali Piracy and Terrorism in the Horn of Africa, page 111
  67. ^ Shaul Shay, Somalia Between Jihad and Restoration page 107
  68. ^ a b "A3 : Population by religion according to districts, 2012". Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka. 
  69. ^ "Sudan Overview". http://www.sd.undp.org/. Retrieved 2013-04-02. 
  70. ^ The World Factbook - Suriname
  71. ^ a b Sweden - International Religious Freedom Report 2009
  72. ^ a b Minaret debate angers Swiss Muslims
  73. ^ "President Chen Meets with Taiwanese Muslim Pilgrims"
  74. ^ (30 March 2013), "Halal Restaurants & Food in Taiwan", Crescent Rating
  75. ^ 2010 Report on International Religious Freedom - Tanzania
  76. ^ The World Factbook - Togo
  77. ^ Ислам в Украине
  78. ^ Kerbaj, Richard (2009-01-30). "Muslim population rising 10 times faster than rest of society". The Times (London). 
  79. ^ About Islam and American Muslims. Council on American-Islamic Relations (Washington, D.C.)
  80. ^ Muslim Population in Asia: 1950 – 2020

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]