Islam by country

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

 
  (Redirected from List of Muslim-majority countries)
Jump to: navigation, search
World Muslim population by percentage (Pew Research Center, 2009).

Islam is the world's second largest religion after Christianity. According to a 2010 study and released January 2011,[1][2] Islam has 1.57 billion adherents, making up over 23% of the world population.[3][4]

Islam is the predominant religion in the Middle East, the Sahel, the Horn of Africa, North Africa,[1][5][6][7] and some parts of Asia.[8] Large communities of Muslims are also found in China, the Balkans, India and Russia.[1][9] Other parts of the world host large Muslim immigrant communities; in Western Europe, for instance, Islam is the second largest religion after Christianity, where it represents 6% of the total population.[10]

According to the Pew Research Center in 2010 there were 49 Muslim-majority countries.[11] Around 62% of the world's Muslims live in South and Southeast Asia, with over 1 billion adherents.[12] The largest Muslim population in a country is in Indonesia, a secular nation home to 12.7% of the world's Muslims, followed by Pakistan (11.0%), India (10.9%), and Bangladesh (9.2%).[1][13] About 20% of Muslims live in Arab countries.[14] In the Middle East, the non-Arab countries of Turkey and Iran are the largest Muslim-majority countries; in Africa, Egypt and Nigeria have the most populous Muslim communities.[1][13] The study found more Muslims in the United Kingdom than in Lebanon and more in China than in Syria.[1]

Countries[edit]

Figures indicated in the first four columns below are based on the demographic study by the Pew Research Center report of The Future of the Global Muslim Population, as of 27 January 2011.[1][2]

Table[edit]

Country/Region[1]Muslim population
2010 Pew Report[1]
Muslim percentage (%) of total population
2010 Pew Report[1]
Percentage (%) of World Muslim population
2010 Pew Report[1]
Muslim population
Other sources
Muslim percentage (%)
Other sources
 Afghanistan29,047,00099.81.8
 Albania2,601,00082.10.21,587,608[15]38.8%[16][17] 56.7%[15]
 Algeria34,780,00098.22.1
 American Samoa< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Andorra1,0001.1< 0.1
 Angola195,0001.0< 0.1
 Anguilla< 1,0000.3< 0.1
 Antigua and Barbuda< 1,0000.6< 0.1
 Argentina1,000,0002.50.1
 Armenia1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Aruba< 1,0000.4< 0.1
 Australia399,0001.9< 0.1476,291[18]2.2%[18]
 Austria475,0005.7< 0.1400-500,000[19]~6.0%[20]
 Azerbaijan8,795,00098.40.5
 Bahamas< 1,0000.1< 0.1
 Bahrain655,00081.2< 0.1866,888[21]70.2%[21]
 Bangladesh148,607,00090.49.2
 Barbados2,0000.9< 0.1
 Belarus19,0000.2< 0.1
 Belgium638,0006.0< 0.1628,751[22]6.0%[22]
 Belize< 1,0000.1< 0.1
 Benin2,259,00024.50.1
 Bermuda< 1,0000.8< 0.1
 Bhutan7,0001.0< 0.1
 Bolivia2,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Bosnia-Herzegovina1,564,00041.60.145%[23]
 Botswana8,0000.4< 0.1
 Brazil204,0000.1< 0.135,167[24]0.03%[24]
 British Virgin Islands< 1,0001.2< 0.1
 Brunei211,00051.9< 0.167%[25]
 Bulgaria1,002,00013.40.1577,139[26]10%[26]
 Burkina Faso9,600,00058.90.660.5%[27]
 Burma1,900,0003.80.1
 Burundi184,0002.2< 0.1
 Cambodia240,0001.6< 0.1
 Cameroon3,598,00018.00.220.9%[28]
 Canada940,0002.80.11,053,945 (official census)[29]1.9%,[30] 3.2%[29]
 Cape Verde< 1,0000.1< 0.1
 Cayman Islands< 1,0000.2< 0.1
 Central African Republic403,0008.9< 0.115%[31][32]
 Chad6,404,00055.70.4
 Chile4,000< 0.1< 0.12,894[33]0.03% (over 15+ pop.)[33]
 China23,308,0001.81.450,000,000[34]
 Colombia14,000< 0.1< 0.140,000 to 80,000[35]
 Comoros679,00098.3< 0.1
 Congo969,0001.40.1
 Cook Islands< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Costa Rica< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Croatia56,0001.3< 0.1
 Cuba10,0000.1< 0.1
 Cyprus200,00022.7< 0.1
 Czech Republic4,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Denmark226,0004.1< 0.1210,000[36]3.7%[36]
 Djibouti853,00097.00.1
 Dominica< 1,0000.2< 0.1
 Dominican Republic2,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Ecuador2,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Egypt80,024,00094.74.991%[37]
 El Salvador2,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Equatorial Guinea28,0004.1< 0.1
 Eritrea1,909,00036.50.150%[38]
 Estonia2,0000.1< 0.11,400[39]
 Ethiopia28,721,00033.81.8
 Faroe Islands< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Falkland Islands< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Federated States of Micronesia< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Fiji54,0006.3< 0.1
 Finland42,0000.8< 0.1
 France4,704,0007.50.38%-10%[40]
 French Guiana2,0000.9< 0.1
 French Polynesia< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Gabon145,0009.7< 0.1
 Gambia1,669,00095.30.1
 Georgia442,00010.5< 0.1
 Germany4,119,0005.00.34,300,000[41]5,4%[41]
 Ghana3,906,00016.10.2
 Gibraltar1,0004.0< 0.1
 Greece527,0004.7< 0.1
 Greenland< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Grenada< 1,0000.3< 0.1
 Guadeloupe2,0000.4< 0.1
 Guam< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Guatemala1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Guinea8,693,00084.20.5
 Guinea Bissau705,00042.8< 0.150%[42]
 Guyana55,0007.2< 0.1
 Haiti2,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Honduras11,0000.1< 0.1
 Hong Kong91,0001.3< 0.1
 Hungary25,0000.3< 0.1
 Iceland< 1,0000.1< 0.1770[43]0.24%[43]
 India177,286,00014.610.922%[42]
 Indonesia204,847,00088.112.7
 Iran74,819,00099.74.6
 Iraq31,108,00098.91.9
 Ireland43,0000.9< 0.184,064[19]2%[19]
 Isle of Man< 1,0000.2< 0.1
 Israel1,287,00017.70.1
 Italy1,583,0002.60.1825,000[20]1.4%[20]
 Ivory Coast7,960,00036.90.540%[44][45][46]
 Jamaica1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Japan185,0000.1< 0.1
 Jordan6,397,00098.80.4
 Kazakhstan8,887,00056.40.570.2%[47]
 Kenya2,868,0007.00.210%[48]
 Kiribati< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Kosovo2,104,00091.70.11,584,000[49]
 Kuwait2,636,00086.40.2
 Kyrgyzstan4,927,00088.80.3
 Laos1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Latvia2,0000.1< 0.1
 Lebanon2,542,00059.70.2
 Lesotho1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Liberia523,00012.8< 0.1
 Libya6,325,00096.60.4
 Liechtenstein2,0004.8< 0.1
 Lithuania3,0000.1< 0.1
 Luxembourg11,0002.3< 0.1
 Macau< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Macedonia713,00034.9< 0.1
 Madagascar220,0001.1< 0.17%[50]
 Malawi2,011,00012.80.1
 Malaysia17,139,00061.41.1
 Maldives309,00098.4< 0.1
 Mali12,316,00092.40.8
 Malta1,0000.3< 0.1
 Marshall Islands< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Martinique< 1,0000.2< 0.1
 Mauritania3,338,00099.20.2
 Mauritius216,00016.6< 0.1
 Mayotte197,00098.8< 0.1
 Mexico111,0000.1< 0.13.700[51]
 Moldova15,0000.4< 0.1
 Monaco< 1,0000.5< 0.1
 Mongolia120,0004.4< 0.1
 Montenegro116,00018.5< 0.1118,477 [52]19.11% [52]
 Montserrat< 1,0000.1< 0.1
 Morocco32,381,00099.92.099%[53]
 Mozambique5,340,00022.80.3
 Namibia9,0000.4< 0.1
 Nauru< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
   Nepal1,253,0004.20.1
 Netherlands914,0005.50.15.8%[54]
 Netherlands Antilles< 1,0000.2< 0.1
 New Caledonia7,0002.8< 0.1
 New Zealand41,0000.9< 0.1
 Nicaragua1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Niger15,627,00098.31.0
 Nigeria75,728,00047.94.785,000,00050%[55]
 Niue< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 North Korea3,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Northern Mariana Islands< 1,0000.7< 0.1
 Norway144,0003.0< 0.1163,180 in 2008[56]
 Oman2,547,00087.70.2
 Pakistan178,097,00096.411.0
 Palau< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Palestinian territories4,298,00097.50.33,500,00099.3% (Gaza Strip),[57] 75% (West Bank)[58]
 Panama25,0000.7< 0.1
 Papua New Guinea2,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Paraguay1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Peru< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Philippines4,737,0005.10.3
 Pitcairn Islands< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Poland20,0000.1< 0.1
 Portugal65,0000.6< 0.1
 Puerto Rico1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Qatar1,168,00077.50.1
 Republic of Congo60,0001.6< 0.1
 Reunion35,0004.2< 0.1
 Romania73,0000.3< 0.1
 Russia16,379,00011.71.015%[59]
 Rwanda188,0001.8< 0.1
 Saint Helena< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Saint Kitts and Nevis< 1,0000.3< 0.1
 Saint Lucia< 1,0000.1< 0.1
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon< 1,0000.2< 0.1
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines2,0001.7< 0.1
 Samoa< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 San Marino< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Sao Tome and Principe< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Saudi Arabia25,493,00097.11.6
 Senegal12,333,00095.90.8
 Serbia280,0003.7< 0.1
 Seychelles< 1,0001.1< 0.1
 Sierra Leone4,171,00071.50.3
 Singapore721,00014.9< 0.1
 Slovakia4,0000.1< 0.1
 Slovenia49,0002.4< 0.1
 Solomon Islands< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Somalia9,231,00098.60.699.9%[60][61][62][63][64]
 South Africa737,0001.5< 0.1
 South Korea75,0000.2< 0.1
 South Sudan
 Spain1,021,0002.30.11,000,000[20]2.3%[20]
 Sri Lanka1,725,0008.50.11,967,227[65]9.71[65]
 Sudan30,855,00071.4[Note 1]1.997.0% (only the Republic of Sudan)[66]
 Suriname84,00015.9< 0.119.6%[67]
 Swaziland2,0000.2< 0.1
 Sweden451,0004.9< 0.1450-500,000[68]~5%[68]
  Switzerland433,0005.7< 0.1400,000[69]5%[69]
 Syria20,895,00092.81.3
 Taiwan23,0000.1< 0.160,000[70]3%[71]
 Tajikistan7,006,00099.00.4
 Tanzania13,450,00029.90.835%[72]
 Thailand3,952,0005.80.2
 Timor-Leste1,0000.1< 0.1
 Togo827,00012.20.120%[73]
 Tokelau< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Tonga< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Trinidad and Tobago78,0005.8< 0.1
 Tunisia10,349,00099.80.6
 Turkey74,660,00098.64.6
 Turkmenistan4,830,00093.30.3
 Turks and Caicos Islands< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Tuvalu< 1,0000.1< 0.1
 Uganda4,060,00012.00.3
 Ukraine393,0000.9< 0.12,000,000[74]
 United Arab Emirates3,577,00076.00.2
 United Kingdom2,869,0004.60.22,422,000[75]2.4%[20]
 United States2,595,0000.80.26,000,000-7,000,000[76]
 United States Virgin Islands< 1,0000.1< 0.1
 Uruguay< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Uzbekistan26,833,00096.51.7
 Vanuatu< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
  Vatican City000
 Venezuela95,0000.3< 0.1
 Vietnam160,0000.2< 0.171,200[77]
 Wallis and Futuna< 1,000< 0.1< 0.1
 Western Sahara528,00099.6< 0.1
 Yemen24,023,00099.01.5
 Zambia59,0000.4< 0.1
 Zimbabwe109,0000.9< 0.1
South & Southeast Asia1,005,507,00024.862.1
Middle East-North Africa321,869,00091.219.9
Sub-Saharan Africa242,544,00029.615.0
Europe44,138,0006.02.7
Americas5,256,0000.60.3
World Total1,619,314,00023.4100.0
  1. ^ Includes South Sudan

See also[edit]

Other religions by country

General

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Muslim Population by Country". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "Preface", The Future of the Global Muslim Population (Pew Research Center) 
  3. ^ "Executive Summary". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  4. ^ "Christian Population as Percentages of Total Population by Country". Global Christianity. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  5. ^ "Region: Middle East-North Africa". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  6. ^ "Region: Sub-Saharan Africa". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  7. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica. Britannica Book of the Year 2003. Encyclopædia Britannica, (2003) ISBN 978-0-85229-956-2 p.306
    According to the Encyclopædia Britannica, as of mid-2002, there were 376,453,000 Christians, 329,869,000 Muslims and 98,734,000 people who practiced traditional religions in Africa. Ian S. Markham, (A World Religions Reader. Cambridge, MA: Blackwell Publishers, 1996.) is cited by Morehouse University as giving the mid-1990s figure of 278,250,800 Muslims in Africa, but still as 40.8% of the total population. These numbers are estimates, and remain a matter of conjecture. See Amadu Jacky Kaba. The spread of Christianity and Islam in Africa: a survey and analysis of the numbers and percentages of Christians, Muslims and those who practice indigenous religions. The Western Journal of Black Studies, Vol 29, Number 2, June 2005. Discusses the estimations of various almanacs and encyclopedium, placing Britannica's estimate as the most agreed figure. Notes the figure presented at the World Christian Encyclopedia, summarized here, as being an outlier. On rates of growth, Islam and Pentecostal Christianity are highest, see: The List: The World’s Fastest-Growing Religions, Foreign Policy, May 2007.
  8. ^ Britannica[dead link], Think Quest, Wadsworth.com
  9. ^ Secrets of Islam, U.S. News & World Report. Information provided by the International Population Center, Department of Geography, San Diego State University (2005).
  10. ^ See:
  11. ^ "Muslim-Majority Countries". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  12. ^ "Region: Asia-Pacific". The Future of the Global Muslim Population. Pew Research Center. Retrieved 22 December 2011. 
  13. ^ a b "Number of Muslim by country". nationmaster.com. Retrieved 2007-05-30. 
  14. ^ See:
    • Esposito (2002b), p.21
    • Esposito (2004), pp.2,43
  15. ^ a b Albanian census 2011
  16. ^ "Albania". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 2010-06-05. 
  17. ^ "Religious Freedom-Albania". The Religious Freedom Page. Retrieved 27 January 2012. 
  18. ^ a b "Reflecting a Nation: Stories from the 2011 Census, 2012–2013". Australian Bureau of Statistics.
  19. ^ a b c How many Muslims live in Austria?
  20. ^ a b c d e f "Muslims in Europe: Country guide". BBC News. 2005-12-23. 
  21. ^ a b General Tables Census of Bahrain
  22. ^ a b In België wonen 628.751 moslims
  23. ^ 2010 Report on International Religious Freedom - Bosnia and Herzegovina
  24. ^ a b [1] Census 2010
  25. ^ The Word Factbook - Brunei
  26. ^ a b Census 2011
  27. ^ The Word Factbook - Burkina Faso
  28. ^ 2010 Report on International Religious Freedom - Cameroon
  29. ^ a b National Household Survey (NHS) Profile, 2011 - Option 2: Select from a list. Statistics Canada.
  30. ^ "Canada". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 2010-06-22. 
  31. ^ 2010 Report on International Religious Freedom - Central African Republic
  32. ^ The World Factbook - Central African Republic
  33. ^ a b Chile 2002 census database
  34. ^ 2010 Report on International Religious Freedom - China (includes Tibet, Hong Kong, Macau)
  35. ^ http://colombiareports.co/colombias-religious-minorities-muslim-community/
  36. ^ a b Denmark - International Religious Freedom Report 2009
  37. ^ Religion Statistics > Islam > Percentage Muslim (most recent) by country
  38. ^ 2009 Report on International Religious Freedom - Eritrea
  39. ^ Islam in Estonia homepage.
  40. ^ 2010 Report on International Religious Freedom - France
  41. ^ a b Studie: Deutlich mehr Muslime in Deutschland
  42. ^ a b 2010 Report on International Religious Freedom - Guinea-Bissau
  43. ^ a b "Populations by religious organizations 1998-2013". Reykjavík, Iceland: Statistics Iceland. 
  44. ^ Figures, stats and information on Cote d'Ivoire
  45. ^ Côte d'Ivoire The religious and ethnic faultlines in Ivory Coast
  46. ^ RELIGION-COTE D'IVOIRE: Women Seek More Leadership Roles[dead link]
  47. ^ "The results of the national population census in 2009". Agency of Statistics of the Republic of Kazakhstan. 12 November 2010. Retrieved 21 January 2010. 
  48. ^ 2008 Report on International Religious Freedom - Kenya
  49. ^ "Kosovo". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 2009-07-24. 
  50. ^ The World Factbook - Madagascar
  51. ^ Instituto Nacional de Estadística y Geografía (2010). "Censo de Población y Vivienda 2010 — Cuestionario básico". INEGI. Retrieved 4 March 2011. 
  52. ^ a b http://www.monstat.org/userfiles/file/popis2011/saopstenje/saopstenje(1).pdf
  53. ^ The World Factbook - Morocco
  54. ^ "Netherlands". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 2010-06-22. 
  55. ^ [2]
  56. ^ Innvandrere og norskfødte med innvandrerforeldre fra land der islam er hovedreligion, etter landbakgrunn. 1980, 1990, 2000 og 2008
  57. ^ "Gaza Strip". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 2010-06-05. 
  58. ^ "West Bank". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 2010-06-05. 
  59. ^ USCIRF Annual Report 2006 - The Russian Federation
  60. ^ Mohamed Diriye Abdullahi, Culture and Customs of Somalia, page 55
  61. ^ Harm De Blij, Why Geography Matters: More Than Ever page 202
  62. ^ Yoel Natan, Moon-o-theism, Volume I of II page 299
  63. ^ Christopher Daniels, Somali Piracy and Terrorism in the Horn of Africa, page 111
  64. ^ Shaul Shay, Somalia Between Jihad and Restoration page 107
  65. ^ a b "A3 : Population by religion according to districts, 2012". Department of Census & Statistics, Sri Lanka. 
  66. ^ "Sudan Overview". http://www.sd.undp.org/. Retrieved 2013-04-02. 
  67. ^ The World Factbook - Suriname
  68. ^ a b Sweden - International Religious Freedom Report 2009
  69. ^ a b Minaret debate angers Swiss Muslims
  70. ^ "President Chen Meets with Taiwanese Muslim Pilgrims"
  71. ^ (30 March 2013), "Halal Restaurants & Food in Taiwan", Crescent Rating
  72. ^ 2010 Report on International Religious Freedom - Tanzania
  73. ^ The World Factbook - Togo
  74. ^ Ислам в Украине
  75. ^ Kerbaj, Richard (2009-01-30). "Muslim population rising 10 times faster than rest of society". The Times (London). 
  76. ^ About Islam and American Muslims. Council on American-Islamic Relations (Washington, D.C.)
  77. ^ Muslim Population in Asia: 1950 – 2020

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]