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This list of includes students who studied as undergraduates or graduate students at MIT's Massachusetts Institute of Technology alumni School of Engineering; School of Science; MIT Sloan School of Management; School of Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences; School of Architecture and Planning; or Whitaker College of Health Sciences. Since there are more than 120,000 alumni (living and deceased), this listing cannot be comprehensive. Instead, this article summarizes some of the more notable MIT alumni, with some indication of the reasons they are notable in the world at large. All MIT degrees are earned through academic achievement, in that MIT has never awarded honorary degrees in any form. [1 ]
The MIT Alumni Association defines eligibility for membership as follows:
The following persons are Alumni/ae Members of the Association:
All persons who have received a degree from the Institute; and All persons who have been registered as students in a degree-granting program at the Institute for (i) at least one full term in any undergraduate class which has already graduated; or (ii) for at least two full terms as graduate students.
Politics and public service [edit ] United States [edit ]
Name Degree Degree Year Notability Notes LtGen James A. Abrahamson (USAF Ret'd) S.B. – Aeronautical Engineering 1955 Director of President Ronald Reagan's Strategic Defense Initiative U.S. Air Force general [3 ] Ben Bernanke Ph.D. – Economics 1979 Chair of the Federal Reserve Bank [4 ] Samuel Bodman Sc. D. – Chemical Engineering 1965 Secretary of Energy (2005–2009) [5 ] Jun Choi S.B. – Aeronautical/Astronautical Engineering 1994 Mayor of Edison, New Jersey Henry Cohen (civil servant) S.M. – Urban Planning 1949 Director of Föhrenwald Displaced Persons camp in the American sector of post-World War II Germany Leighton I. Davis S.M. – Aeronautical Engineering 1941 U.S. Air Force general Jimmy Doolittle S.M., Sc. D. – Aeronautical Engineering 1924, 1925 U.S. Air Force general Herbert W. Ehrgott S.B. – Mechanical Engineering 1930 U.S. Air Force general Luis A. Ferré S.B., S.M. – Mechanical Engineering 1924, 1925 Governor of Puerto Rico Julius A. Furer S.M. 1905 U.S. Navy admiral J. Michael Gilmore S.B. – Physics Director of the Operational Test and Evaluation Directorate Frank Kowalski S.M. – Mechanical Engineering 1937 United States Representative from Connecticut Herbert B. Loper B.S. – Civil Engineering 1922 U.S. Army general N. Gregory Mankiw Ph.D. – Economics 1984 Chairman of President Bush's Council of Economic Advisors Mark McClellan Ph.D. – Economics 1993 head of the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, Commissioner of the Food and Drug Administration Katharine Dexter McCormick S.B. – Biology 1904 suffragette, funded research for The Pill David Nolan S.B. – Political Science 1965 Founder of United States Libertarian Party John Olver Ph.D. – Chemistry 1961 US House of Representatives for Massachusetts John Birdsell Oren M.D. – Marine Engineering U.S. Coast Guard admiral Joseph J. Romm S.B. – Physics, Ph.D. – Physics 1982, 1987 Assistant Secretary of the U. S. Department of Energy Francis Sargent Dropped out – studied architecture 1939 Governor of Massachusetts George Schultz Ph.D. – Economics 1949 Secretary of State Phillips Waller Smith S.M. – Ordnance Engineering 1935 U.S. Air Force general Pete Stark S.B. – General Engineering 1956 US House of Representatives for California John E. Sununu S.B., S.M. – Mechanical Engineering 1987, 1987 United States Senator from New Hampshire John H. Sununu S.B., S.M., Ph.D. – Mechanical Engineering 1961, 1963, 1966 White House Chief of Staff under President George H.W. Bush, Governor of New Hampshire, host of Crossfire International [edit ]
Name Degree Year Notability Notes Tadatoshi Akiba Ph.D. – Mathematics 1970 Mayor of Hiroshima; Recipient of Ramon Magsaysay Award Kofi Annan S.M. – Management 1972 Former Secretary-General of the United Nations Pedro Aspe Armella Ph.D. – Economics 1978 Mexican Secretary of Finance Raghuram Rajan Ph.D. – Economics 1991 23rd Governor of Reserve Bank of India Youssef Boutros Ghali Ph.D. – Economics 1981 Former Egyptian Minister of Finance Virgilio Barco S.B. – Civil Engineering 1943 Colombian president Ahmed Chalabi S.B. – Mathematics 1965 controversial Iraqi politician, now currently deputy prime minister of Iraq Harold Demuren Ph. D. – Aeronautical Engineering 1975 Director General of the Nigerian Civil Aviation Authority; 1st African elected as President of ICAO General Assembly Mario Draghi Ph. D. – Economics 1977 President of the European Central Bank José Figueres Ferrer 1926 President of Costa Rica Pervez Hoodbhoy M.S. – Solid-State Physics, Ph.D. – Nuclear Physics 1973, 1978 A faculty member at the Quaid-e-Azam University since 1973 and a renowned nuclear research scientist in Pakistan. C.D. Howe 1907 Canadian politician and cabinet minister Mao Chi-kuo Ph.D. 1982 Minister of Transport & Communications of the Republic of China (Taiwan) (2008–) [6 ] David Miliband S.M. Political Science 1990 British politician, Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs Mohammad Ali Najafi S.M. – Mathematics 1979 former Vice President of Iran [7 ] Benjamin Netanyahu S.B. – Architecture, S.M. – Management 1975, 1976 Prime Minister of Israel Uzi Landau Ph.D – Engineering 1976 National Infrastructure Minister of Israel Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala M.C.P. – City Planning, Ph.D. – Urban Studies & Planning 1978, 1981 Finance Minister of Nigeria (2003–2006) (2011–Present), Foreign Minister of Nigeria, (2006) Rachid Mohamed Rachid Ph.D. – Management 1993 Former Egyptian Minister of Trade and Industry Milen Velchev S.M. – Management 1995 Bulgarian financial minister (2001–2005) David Walter S.M. – Political Science circa. 1970 British and BBC correspondent and later political advisor ITN Robert Winters Canadian politician Tony Tan Keng Yam S.M. – Operations Research 1964 President of the Republic of Singapore, who held various cabinet positions over the years. Lucas Papademos S.B. – Physics, S.M. – Electrical Engineering, Ph.D. – Economics 1970, 1972, 1978 Vice President of the European Central Bank (2002-2010) and Prime Minister of Greece (2011–2012) Ali Akbar Salehi Ph.D. – Nuclear Engineering 1977 Minister of Foreign Affairs of Iran (2012–present) Architecture and design [edit ] Christopher Charles Benninger (MCP 1971) – award winning architect and urban planner in India, Sri Lanka, prepared capital plan of Bhutan. Walter Danforth Bliss – architect from California, with many buildings on the National Register of Historic Places Gordon Bunshaft (BArch 1933, MArch 1935) – architect of Lever House (New York City), Beinecke Library ( Yale), Hirshhorn Museum and Sculpture Garden (Washington DC); Pritzker Prize (1988) Ogden Codman, Jr. (1884) – Beaux-Arts domestic architect, interior designer John Desmond (MArch) – designed numerous public buildings in Baton Rouge, including the River Center Daniel Chester French (1871, one year) – sculptor of ( Abraham Lincoln Lincoln Memorial), ( John Harvard Harvard Yard), ( Minute Man Concord, Massachusetts) Cass Gilbert (1880) – architect of the US Supreme Court Building, Woolworth Building (New York City) Charles Sumner Greene (1891) – partner in Greene and Greene, domestic architects of Arts & Crafts style, Gamble House (Pasadena) Henry Mather Greene (1891) – partner in Greene and Greene, domestic architects of Arts & Crafts style, Gamble House (Pasadena) Marion Mahony Griffin (1894) – co-designer of the master plan for Canberra (Australia) Nathanael Herreshoff (SB 1870) – naval architect-engineer, yacht designer Raymond Hood (1903) – architect of Rockefeller Center (New York City), Tribune Tower (Chicago) Lois Lilley Howe (SB 1890) – second woman in the US to found an architecture firm Jarvis Hunt – Chicago architect [8 ] Myron Hunt (SB 1893) – architect of Huntington Art Gallery, Rose Bowl (Pasadena) Piotr Kowalski (SB 1952) – artist, sculptor, architect, professor Austin W. Lord (1888) – architect of the administration buildings, Isthmian Canal Commission, Panama; director of the School of Architecture at Columbia University Kevin A. Lynch (SB 1947) – urban planner, author of the seminal book The Image of the City John O. Merrill (SB 1921) – structural engineer, architect, leader of Skidmore, Owings and Merrill Eleanor Manning O'Connor (SB 1906) – architect, educator, public housing advocate I. M. Pei (BArch 1940) – architect, Louvre Pyramid (Paris), Rock and Roll Hall of Fame (Cleveland), Bank of China (Hong Kong), MIT Buildings 18, 54, 66, E15; AIA Gold Medal (1979), Pritzker Prize (1983) Sumner Spaulding (1892-1952) - architect, graduated in 1916, designed many buildings in California. Louis Sullivan (one year) – influential founder of the Chicago School; "father of skyscrapers"; "father of modernism"; AIA Gold Medal (1944) James Knox Taylor (1880) – Supervisory Architect of Denver Mint, Philadelphia Mint, many Post Offices, court houses, other federal buildings Robert Taylor (1892) – MIT's first black graduate, architect of the Tuskegee Institute Harry Mohr Weese (BArch 1938) – architect, historic preservation advocate, designed first group of stations for Washington Metro system Business and entrepreneurship [edit ] Computers and Internet [edit ] Efi Arazi (born 1937) – Israeli industrialist and businessman, founder of Scitex Corporation Joseph Alsop (S.B. 1967) – co-founder of Progress Software Hugo Barra – VP of International for Xiaomi, former VP and product spokesman for Google Android Wesley Chan – investment partner at Google Ventures Larry DeMar (S.B. 1979) – programmer for Williams, co-creator of and Defender , and founder of Leading Edge Design Robotron: 2084 John J. Donovan (Postdoc 1969) – founder of Cambridge Technology Partners, and Open Environment Corporation. Arash Ferdowsi – (dropped out). Co-Founder and CTO at Dropbox Carly Fiorina (S.M. 1989) – former CEO of Hewlett-Packard Shuman Ghosemajumder – author of Open Music Model, click fraud czar at Google Cecil H. Green (S.B. 1924, S.M. 1924) – co-founder of Texas Instruments William R. Hewlett (S.M. 1936) – co-founder of Hewlett-Packard Danny Hillis (S.B. 1978, S.M. 1981, Ph.D. 1988) – co-founder of Thinking Machines and former Disney Fellow Mark Horowitz (S.B. 1978, S.M. 1978) – founder of Rambus Drew Houston – Co-Founder and CEO at Dropbox Irwin M. Jacobs (S.M. 1957, Sc.D. 1959) – co-founder of Qualcomm with Andrew Viterbi, current chairman and former CEO. Former MIT professor (1959–1966) Brewster Kahle (S.B. 1982) – internet archivist, founder of Alexa Mitch Kapor – software entrepreneur, founder of Lotus Corporation Earl Killian – software architect with 26 patents, MIPS [9 ] [10 ] Steve Kirsch (S.B. 1980, S.M. 1980) – inventor of the optical mouse, co-founder of Frame Technology Corporation and founder of Infoseek Corporation Alan Kotok (S.B. 1962, S.M. 1962) – chief architect PDP-10, associate chairman World Wide Web Consortium Pavel Krapivin (S.B. 2002) – co-founder of Doostang Daniel Lewin (S.M. 1998) – founder of Akamai Andy Gavin – co founder of Naughty Dog and creator of the first video game with a full 3D environment, Crash Bandicoot Jack Little (S.B. 1978) – co-founder of MathWorks, which created and sells MATLAB Sonita Lontoh (M.Eng. 2004) – green technology executive Patrick McGovern (S.B. 1960) – founder of IDG/ Computerworld Steve Meretzky (S.B. 1979) – computer game designer Robert Metcalfe (S.B. 1969) – entrepreneur, founder of 3Com; inventor of Ethernet Pranav Mistry (PhD) – Creator of the SixthSense device Nicholas Negroponte (B.Arch., M.Arch. 1966) – founder, MIT Media Lab, One Laptop per Child Association Robert Noyce (Ph.D. 1953) – integrated circuit pioneer, co-founder of Intel, Draper Prize (1969) Ken Olsen (S.B. 1950, S.M. 1952) – founder of Digital Equipment Corporation William Poduska (S.B. 1960, S.M. 1960, Sc.D. 1962) – computer engineer and entrepreneur, founder of Prime Computer and Apollo Computer William A. Porter (M.B.A. 1967) – founder of E*TRADE Allen Razdow (S.B. 1976) – founder of Mathsoft Inc. & inventor of Mathcad Alex Rigopulos (S.B. 1994, S.M. 1994) – founder of Harmonix Music Systems, developer of Guitar Hero and Rock Band Larry Roberts (S.B. 1961, S.M. 1961, Ph.D. 1963) – member of design group for original ARPANET, co-founder of Caspian Networks and Packetcom, former CEO of DHL Sheldon Roberts (S.M. 1949, Sc.D. 1952) – one of the " traitorous eight" that founded Fairchild Semiconductor; co-founder of Amelco which later became Teledyne Douglas T. Ross (S.M. 1954) – founder of SofTech, Inc. Megan Smith – Google executive and former CEO of PlanetOut Robert Spinrad (Ph.D.) – computer pioneer as director of the Xerox Palo Alto Research Center. [11 ] Ray Stata (S.B. 1958, S.M. 1958) – founder of Analog Devices Eric Swanson – co-founder of Sycamore Networks Theodore Tso – Google software engineer, maintainer of the ext4 filesystem Andrew Viterbi (S.B. 1957, S.M. 1957) – electrical engineer, inventor of the Viterbi algorithm, co-founder of Qualcomm, former UCLA and UCSD professor, Philippe Villers (S.M 1960) – founder of Computervision, which is now part of Parametric Technology Corporation Christopher Weaver (S.M. 1985) – founder of Bethesda Softworks and co-founder of Zenimax Media, Inc. Engineering [edit ] Karel Bossart (S.M. 1927) – Designer of the SM-65 Atlas missile. William David Coolidge (S.B. 1896) – American physicist who made major contributions to X-ray machines, director of the General Electric Research Laboratory. Charles Stark Draper (S.B. 1926, S.M. 1928, Sc.D. 1938) – American engineer and inventor, often called "the father of inertial navigation", he was inducted to the National Inventor Hall of Fame in 1981. John M. Loh – (S.M. Aeronautical Engineering - 1973) Retired four-star general in the United States Air Force who last served as Commander, Air Combat Command, in addition to being the 24th Vice Chief of Staff of the Air Force. Jim Marggraff (S.B. – Electrical Engineering, S.M. – Computer Science) – inventor of the LeapPad Learning System, Fly pentop computer, and Livescribe smartpen [12 ] Henry M. Paynter (S.B. civil engineering 1944, S.M. mathematics and science 1949, Sc.D. hydroelectric engineering 1951, all MIT) – inventor of bond graphs Nicholas A. Peppas – professor of engineering, University of Texas at Austin, pioneer in drug delivery, biomaterials, hydrogels and nanobiotechnology. RJ Scaringe (Sloan Automotive Laboratory) – CEO of Rivian Automotive, Rockledge, Florida Tom Scholz – founder of the rock group Boston and Scholz Research & Development, Inc., manufacturers of Rockman sound equipment Dorian Shainin (S.B. 1936) – Quality paradigm pioneer and guru, considered one of the world's foremost experts in the fields of industrial problem solving, product reliability and quality engineering, known for the creation and development of the "Red X" concept. Kazi Zulkader Siddiqui – CEO and Founder of Techcorp Group of Companies in Pakistan, UAE, Bangladesh, Afghanistan and China Manufacturing and defense [edit ] Vaughn Beals – CEO of Harley-Davidson Amar Bose – founder and chairman of Bose Corporation Morris Chang – chairman of the Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company (TSMC), the largest semiconductor foundry in the world Nick DeWolf – co-founder of Teradyne Donald Douglas – founder of Douglas Aircraft Company John Dorrance – founder of Campbell Soup Company Pierre S. du Pont – Du Pont Company and General Motors executive T. Coleman du Pont – Du Pont Company president & U.S. Senator Armand V. Feigenbaum – quality expert William Clay Ford, Jr. – chairman of Ford Motor Company Bernardo Garza Sada – founder and president of the ALFA conglomerate of Mexico [13 ] Kenneth Germeshausen – co-founder and the 1st 'G' of the defense contractor EG&G Bernard Marshall Gordon (SB 1949, SM 1949) – electrical engineer, inventor, philanthropist, co-founded Analogic Corporation, National Medal of Technology (1986) George Hatsopoulos – founder of Thermo Electron Corporation Charles Koch – co-owner, Chairman and CEO of Koch Industries, the largest private company in the US David H. Koch – co-owner of Koch Industries. Vice-Presidential Candidate for the Libertarian Party Jay Last – one of the " traitorous eight" that founded Fairchild Semiconductor. Co-founder of Amelco, which became Teledyne James McDonnell – co-founder of McDonnell Douglas Alan Mulally – president and CEO of Ford Motor Company William Emery Nickerson – co-founder of Gillette, now part of Procter & Gamble [14 ] Willard Rockwell – founder of Rockwell International Henry Singleton – founder of Teledyne Alfred P. Sloan, Jr. – automobile entrepreneur, former CEO of General Motors Wong Tsu – first engineer of the Boeing Company Uncas Whitaker – founder of AMP Incorporated (now a division of Tyco International) Finance and consulting [edit ] Roger Ward Babson – entrepreneur, founder of Babson Institute (now Babson College), 1940 Presidential nominee on the Prohibition Party ticket Michael Brennan – pioneering finance academic, past president of the American Finance Association Richard Carrión – CEO of Banco Popular de Puerto Rico, and of Popular, Inc. Lisa Endlich – business author, former vice-president at Goldman Sachs Mark Gorenberg – partner of the venture capital firm Hummer Winblad Venture Partners Robert C. Hancké – Belgian economist Michael Hammer – pioneer of Business Process Reengineering, founder of Hammer and Co. Edward H. Kim – former vice president at NASDAQ Shantanurao Laxmanrao Kirloskar – founder of Kirloskar Group Arthur Dehon Little – entrepreneur, founder of the eponymous management consulting firm Arthur D. Little in 1886 Mark Mobius – emerging markets investor and fund manager Mansoor Ijaz – founder and chairman of Crescent Investment Management Ltd; developer of the CARAT trading system Tom Perkins – founder of venture capital firm Kleiner, Perkins, Caufield & Byers Kenichi Ohmae – former director of the Japan arm of McKinsey & Company, management consultants John S. Reed – chairman of the New York Stock Exchange Ed Seykota – commodity trader Jim Simons – mathematician and philanthropist. Founder of Renaissance Technologies hedge fund John Thain – former CEO of Merrill Lynch, former Chief Executive Officer of the New York Stock Exchange William Toy – director at CDC, New York and Goldman Sachs; developer of the Black–Derman–Toy interest rate model Nigel Wilson – CEO of Legal & General Health care and biotechnology [edit ] Miscellaneous [edit ] Education [edit ] Joseph Aoun (PhD 1982) – president of Northeastern University, linguist, author Theodosios Alexander (a.k.a, publishes as Theodosios Korakianitis) – (MIT graduate degrees: SM in Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering 1982; SM in Ocean Systems Management; SM in Mechanical Engineering; ScD in Mechanical Engineering, September 1987). Dean, Parks College of Engineering, Aviation and Technology of [17 ] Saint Louis University. Also, Professor and Chair of Energy Engineering, Queen Mary, University of London. Previously James Watt Professor at the University of Glasgow, Scotland, and Mechanical Engineering Professor at Washington University in St. Louis. Dennis Assanis (SM in Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering 1983, SM in Mechanical Engineering 1983, SM in Management 1986, PhD in Power and Propulsion 1986) – Former Jon R. and Beverly S. Holt Professor and Arthur F. Thurnau Professor at the University of Michigan, Provost and Senior VP for Academic Affairs at Stony Brook University [18 ] Larry Bacow (SB 1972) – former president of Tufts University, lawyer, economist, author Merrill J. Bateman (PhD 1965) – former president of Brigham Young University. Mormon Presiding Bishop Lawrence Berk (SB 1932, Architectural Engineering) – founder and former president (1945–1978) of Berklee College of Music William R. Brody (SB 1965, SM 1966) – former president of Johns Hopkins University, current president of Salk Institute Jared Cohon (SM 1972, PhD 1973) – former president of Carnegie Mellon University William Cooper (PhD 1976) – president of University of Richmond Allan Cullimore – former president (1920–1947) of New Jersey Institute of Technology [19 ] Laura D'Andrea Tyson (PhD 1974) – chairman of the CEA under Clinton. Former dean of the Haas School of Business. Former dean of the London Business School Edwin Eigel (SB 1954) – former president of University of Bridgeport Davis Ellis (PhD 1962) – former president and chairman of the Boston Museum of Science Norman Fainstein (SB 1966, PhD 1971) – former president of Connecticut College Woodie Flowers (SM 1968, ME 1971, PhD 1973) – MIT professor, created Introduction to Design (2.70), founder of FIRST Robotics Competition, starting host of (1990–93) Scientific American Frontiers Philip Friedman (PhD 1972) – president of Golden Gate University David Garrison – founder and chair, University of Houston–Clear Lake Physics Department Thomas P. Gerrity – former dean of Wharton School at the University of Pennsylvania Hollis Godfrey (1889) – former president of Drexel University [20 ] Eric Grimson (BSc 1975) – computer scientist and Chancellor of MIT [21 ] William Hogan (SB 1959, ScD 1965) – chancellor of University of Massachusetts Lowell Amos Horev (SB, SM) – former president of Technion Shirley Jackson (SB 1968, PhD 1973) – president of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, physicist Martin C. Jischke (SM, PhD 1968) – former president of Purdue University Salman Khan – founder and executive director of Khan Academy Chung Liu (SM, EE 1960, PhD 1962) – former president of National Tsing Hua University John Maeda (SB, SM 1989) – former president (2008-2013) of Rhode Island School of Design (RISD), graphic designer, computer scientist, author, venture capitalist Modesto Maidique (SB 1962, SM 1964, EE 1966, PhD 1970) – former president of Florida International University Julianne Malveaux (PhD 1980) – president of Bennett College James Mannoia (SB 1971) – former president of Greenville College David McClain (PhD 1974) – president of University of Hawaii Richard K. Miller (SM 1972) – president of Franklin W. Olin College of Engineering Frederic Mishkin (SB 1973, PhD 1976) – economist, professor at Columbia Business School, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (2006–2008). Also appeared in the documentary Inside Job Leo E. Morton (SM 1987) – chancellor of University of Missouri-Kansas City Richard Santagati (SM 1979) – former president of Merrimack College George A. Sparks (SM 1976) – president of the Denver Museum of Nature and Science Nam-Pyo Suh (SB 1959, SM 1961) – president of KAIST (Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology) Lawrence H. Summers (SB 1975) – former president of Harvard University, economist, former presidential advisor Subra Suresh (ScD 1981) – president of Carnegie Mellon University, former Director of the National Science Foundation, former Dean of the School of Engineering at MIT Lee T. Todd, Jr. (SM 1970, EE 1971, PhD 1974) – president of University of Kentucky Hal Varian (SB 1969) – chief economist at Google, founding dean of the School of Information at UC Berkeley Patrick Henry Winston (SB 1965, SM 1967, PhD 1970) – author of standard textbooks on artificial intelligence and programming languages, MIT professor, co-founded Ascent Technology Elisabeth Zinser (SM 1982) – president of Southern Oregon University [edit ] Steve Altes – humorist, National Medal of Technology recipient Stephen R. Barley (PhD 1984) – professor of Management Science and Engineering at Stanford University Harry Binswanger – philosopher, associate of Ayn Rand Dylan Bruno – actor Idit Harel Capelton – educational psychologist and epistemologist James Eckhouse (1976, dropped out [22 ] ) – actor, [23 ] Beverly Hills, 90210 Herbert Kalmus (1903) – inventor of Technicolor, star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame Kealoha (formerly known as Steve Wong 1999) – performance poet (Hawaii's first Poet Laureate and National Poetry Slam Legend), storyteller, and Hawaii's SlamMaster Charlie Korsmo (2000) – actor (including and Can't Hardly Wait ) Dick Tracy (film) Paul Krugman (PhD) – columnist, New York Times John Bates Clark Medal and Nobel Prize-winner (economics) Ned Lagin – played keyboards and synthesizer at a number of the Grateful Dead shows between 1970 and 1975 and on a few mid-1970s albums. Hugh Lofting – author of Dr. Doolittle series of books (trained at MIT as civil engineer, 1904–05) Dan Massey – sexual freedom scholar, religious philosopher, human rights activist, chief engineer at BBN Technologies, and senior scientist at Science Applications International Corporation Rajesh Mehta – musician, composer and founder of ORKA-M Charles Murray – researcher, co-author of The Bell Curve Tom Scott (SB 1966) – winner of Academy Awards for sound mixing for The Right Stuff and Amadeus John Underkoffler (SB 1988) – science & technology advisor to Steven Spielberg Erland Van Lidth De Jeude – Hollywood actor, opera singer David Walter – British and BBC correspondent and later, political advisor (winner of ITN Kennedy Memorial Scholarship to M.I.T.) Samuel Washington Weis – American painter James Woods (1969, dropped out) – Hollywood actor, Oscar nominee, Emmy awardee Science and technology [edit ] Colin Adams – mathematician, knot theory expert, teacher, writer, math humorist Rakesh Agrawal – National Medal of Technology and Innovation Laureate and Professor of Chemical Engineering at Purdue University Buzz Aldrin – combat pilot, astronaut, second man to walk on the Moon Pauline Morrow Austin – meteorologist, Director of Weather Radar at MIT, research staff in Radiation Laboratory Adrian Bejan – professor of mechanical engineering, proponent of the constructal theory of design and evolution in nature Gordon Bell – computer engineer and manager, designer of DEC PDP, manager of the VAX project Stephen Benton – invented rainbow hologram, pioneered digital holography Marc Blank – computer game designer and programmer, developed Zork adventure game Barry Blesser – audio engineer, pioneer of digital audio, former president of the AES Manuel Blum – computer scientist, received Turing Award (1995) for studies in computational complexity theory Dan Bricklin – co-inventor of Visicalc, the first WYSIWYG PC spreadsheet program Edward M. Burgess – chemist, inventor of the Burgess reagent David D. Clark – led the development of TCP/IP (the protocol that underlies the Internet) Wesley A. Clark – computing pioneer, creator of the LINC (the first minicomputer) Fernando Corbato – retired MIT professor, Turing Award (1990), co-founder of the Multics project Peter J. Denning (SM 1965, PhD 1968) – computer scientist, professor, co-founder of the Multics project, pioneered virtual memory Jack Dennis – retired MIT professor, co-founder of the Multics project. Peter Diamandis – founder and chairman of the X PRIZE Foundation, co-founder and chairman of Singularity University, and co-author of New York Times bestseller Abundance: The Future Is Better Than You Think Whitfield Diffie – pioneer of public-key cryptography and the Diffie-Hellman protocol. K. Eric Drexler – pioneer nanotechnologist, author, co-founded Foresight Institute Harold Eugene "Doc" Edgerton (SM 1927, ScD 1931) – former MIT Institute Professor, co-founder (the "E" of EG&G), stroboscope photography pioneer, Oscar Award (1940) Theodore Miller Edison (1898–1992) – only child of Thomas Alva Edison who graduated from college; inventor with over 80 patents. [24 ] Farouk El-Baz – Supervisor of Lunar Science Planning, Apollo Program, NASA Charles H. Ferguson (PhD 1989) – technology policy expert, software entrepreneur, film director/producer, Oscar Award (2010) Carl Feynman – computer scientist, son of the physicist Richard Feynman Bob Frankston (SB 1970. SM EE 1974) – co-inventor of Visicalc (first WYSIWYG PC spreadsheet program); critic of telecommunications public policy Limor Fried – Open Source Hardware pioneer, founder of Adafruit Industries Simson Garfinkel – journalist, author, computer security researcher, entrepreneur, computer science professor Ivan Getting – co-inventor of the Global Positioning System (GPS), Draper Prize (2003) Jim Gettys – an original developer of X Window, former director of GNOME. Bill Gosper (SB 1965) – mathematician, a founder of the original hacker community, pioneer of symbolic computing, originator of hashlife Gerald Guralnik (SB 1958) – Professor of Physics, Brown University Co-discoverer of Higgs mechanism and Higgs boson in 1964 with C.R. Hagen. Awarded J. J. Sakurai Prize for Theoretical Particle Physics in 2010 [25 ] C. R. Hagen (SB, SM 1958, Ph.D. 1963) – Professor of Physics, University of Rochester. Co-discoverer of Higgs mechanism and Higgs boson in 1964 with Gerald Guralnik. Awarded J. J. Sakurai Prize for Theoretical Particle Physics in (2010) [25 ] [26 ] George Ellery Hale – astronomer, founded several astronomical observatories, developed Throop College of Technology into Caltech David A. Huffman – computer scientist known for Huffman coding used in lossless data compression Jerome C. Hunsaker (SM 1912, ScD 1923) – pioneering aeronautical engineer, airship designer, former head of MIT Mechanical Engineering Department William Jeffrey – defense technology expert, past director of National Institute of Standards and Technology Thomas Kailath – entrepreneur, retired Stanford professor, IEEE Medal of Honor (2007) Rudolf E. Kalman – electrical engineer, theoretical mathematician, co-inventor of Kalman Filter algorithm, Draper Prize (2008) Jordin Kare – high energy laser physicist, developer of " mosquito laser zapper" Leonard Kleinrock – computing and Internet pioneer, one of the key group of designers of the original ARPANET Henry Kloss (1953, dropped out) – audio engineer; entrepreneur; founder of Acoustic Research, KLH, Advent, Kloss Video, Cambridge SoundWorks, Tivoli Audio Loren Kohnfelder – introduced the term public key certificate for public key cryptography in secure network communication Raymond Kurzweil (SB 1970) – inventor, entrepreneur in music synthesizers, OCR and speech-to-text processing Leslie Lamport – computing pioneer in temporal logic, developer of LaTeX, Turing Award (2013) Robert S. Langer – biochemical engineer, biomedical researcher, MIT professor, inventor, entrepreneur, Draper Prize (2002) Norman Levinson (SB SM 1934, ScD 1935) – theoretical mathematician, former Institute Professor at MIT, developed Levinson recursion Edward Norton Lorenz – mathematician, meteorologist, MIT professor emeritus, invented chaos theory, discovered Lorenz attractor Joseph Lykken (PhD 1982) – theoretical physicist, proposed "weak scale superstring" theory Hiram Percy Maxim – inventor of the "Maxim Silencer" and founder of the American Radio Relay League Douglas McIlroy (PhD 1959) – mathematician, software engineer, professor, developed component-based software engineering, an original developer of Unix, member of National Academy of Engineering Fulvio Melia (PhD 1985) – theoretical astrophysicist, professor, author, editor, general educator Arnold Mindell (M.Sc 1961) – physicist, author, psychologist – developer of Process Oriented Psychology Douglas J. Mink (SB 1973, SM 1974) – astronomer, software developer, co-discovered rings around Uranus, bicycling activist Bill Parker – artist, engineer, inventor of the modern plasma lamp Bradford Parkinson – co-inventor of the Global Positioning System (GPS), Draper Prize (2003) Robert A. "Bob" Pease (SB 1961) – analog integrated circuit design expert, technical author Irene Pepperberg (SB 1969) – Brandeis University professor, researcher in animal cognition, trained Alex (parrot) Alan Perlis (SM 1949, PhD 1950) – computer scientist, professor, pioneer of programming languages, winner of the first Turing Award (1966) Radia Perlman (SB 1973, SM 1976, PhD 1988) – computer scientist, network engineer, invented numerous data network technologies, dubbed "Mother of the Internet" Adam Riess (SB 1992) – physicist, Nobel Prize winner in Physics awarded in 2011 for demonstrating the acceleration of the universe's rate of expansion Jerome Saltzer – retired MIT professor, timesharing computing pioneer, co-founder of the Multics project, Director of Project Athena Frederick P. Salvucci (SB 1961, SM 1962) – civil engineer, transportation planner, MIT professor, former Massachusetts Secretary of Transportation, public transit advocate, Big Dig advocate George W. Santos – pioneer in bone marrow transplantation Bob Scheifler – computer scientist, leader of the X Window System project, architect of Jini Oliver Selfridge – computer scientist, father of machine perception Amy B. Smith (SB 1984, SM 1995) – mechanical engineer, inventor, former Peace Corps volunteer, MIT senior lecturer and researcher in appropriate technology, MacArthur Fellow (2004) Oliver R. Smoot – namesake for unit of measurement, past chair of ANSI, past president of ISO Richard M. Stallman (grad student, dropped out) – computer programmer; Free Software activist; creator of EMACS editor, GNU; MacArthur Fellow (1990) Guy L. Steele, Jr. (SM 1977, PhD 1980) – computer scientist, programming language expert, was an original editor of the Jargon File ( Hacker's Dictionary) Robert F. Stengel (SB 1960) – professor of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, Princeton University, leading expert on flight dynamics and optimal control, AIAA Mechanics and Control of Flight Award (2000) Ivan Sutherland (PhD 1963) – computer graphics pioneer, former professor, ARPAnet and Internet pioneer, co-founded Evans & Sutherland, Turing Award (1988) Andrew S. Tanenbaum (SB 1965) – computer scientist, professor, textbook author ( operating systems), creator of Minix (the precursor to Linux) Frederick Terman – electrical engineer, past provost of Stanford University, "father of Silicon Valley" Ray Tomlinson – innovator of email systems, pioneered the use of the "@" symbol for email Leonard H. Tower Jr. – early Free Software activist, software hacker Robert Williams Wood – optical physicist, developed "black light", ultraviolet and infrared photography Edward Yourdon – computer pioneer, author, lecturer, popularized the term Y2K Bug Mark Ain – Founder of Kronos Incorporated Manuel Sandoval Vallarta – MIT professor, founder of the Physics Institute at UNAM. Mentor of Nobel laureated Richard Feynman Sports [edit ] Miscellaneous [edit ] Nobel laureate alumni [edit ]
As of April 2011
Of this group, 29 have earned MIT degrees (MIT has never awarded honorary degrees in any form). [28 ] [1 ]
, the MIT Office of the Provost says that 76 Nobel awardees had or currently have a formal connection to MIT.
Name Degree Degree Year Award Year Award Citation Notes George Akerlof Ph.D. 1966 2001 Economics "for their analyses of markets with asymmetric information" [29 ] Sid Altman S.B. 1960 1989 Chemistry "for their discovery of catalytic properties of RNA" [30 ] Kofi Annan S.M. 1972 2001 Peace "for their work for a better organized and more peaceful world" [31 ] Robert Aumann S.M. 1952 2005 Economics "for having enhanced our understanding of conflict and cooperation through game-theory analysis" [32 ] Elias James Corey S.B., Ph.D. 1948, 1951 1990 Chemistry "for his development of the theory and methodology of organic synthesis" [33 ] Eric Cornell Ph.D. 1990 2001 Physics "for the achievement of Bose-Einstein condensation in dilute gases of alkali atoms, and for early fundamental studies of the properties of the condensates" [34 ] Peter Diamond Ph.D. 1963 2010 Economics "for [the] analysis of markets with search frictions" [35 ] Richard Feynman S.B. 1939 1965 Physics "for their fundamental work in quantum electrodynamics, with deep-ploughing consequences for the physics of elementary particles" [36 ] Andrew Z. Fire Ph.D. 1983 2006 Medicine/Physiology "for their discovery of RNA interference – gene silencing by double-stranded RNA" [37 ] Murray Gell-Mann Ph.D. 1951 1969 Physics "for his contributions and discoveries concerning the classification of elementary particles and their interactions" [38 ] Leland H. Hartwell Ph.D. 1964 2001 Medicine/Physiology "for their discoveries of key regulators of the cell cycle" [39 ] H. Robert Horvitz S.B. 1968 2002 Medicine/Physiology "for their discoveries concerning 'genetic regulation of organ development and programmed cell death'" [40 ] Henry W. Kendall S.B., Ph.D. 1948, 1951 1990 Physics "for their pioneering investigations concerning deep inelastic scattering of electrons on protons and bound neutrons, which have been of essential importance for the development of the quark model in particle physics" [41 ] Lawrence Klein Ph.D. 1944 1980 Economics "for the creation of econometric models and the application to the analysis of economic fluctuations and economic policies" [42 ] Paul Krugman Ph.D. 1977 2009 Economics "for developing new trade theory and" [35 ] Robert B. Laughlin Ph.D. 1979 1998 Physics "for their discovery of a new form of quantum fluid with fractionally charged excitations" [43 ] Robert C. Merton Ph.D. 1970 1997 Economics "for a new method to determine the value of derivatives" [44 ] Robert S. Mulliken S.B. 1917 1966 Chemistry "for his fundamental work concerning chemical bonds and the electronic structure of molecules by the molecular orbital method" [45 ] Robert Mundell Ph.D. 1956 1999 Economics "for his analysis of monetary and fiscal policy under different exchange rate regimes and his analysis of optimum currency areas" [46 ] Charles Pedersen S.M. 1927 1987 Chemistry "for their development and use of molecules with structure-specific interactions of high selectivity" [47 ] William D. Phillips Ph.D. 1976 1997 Physics "for development of methods to cool and trap atoms with laser light" [48 ] Burton Richter S.B., Ph.D. 1952, 1956 1976 Physics "for their pioneering work in the discovery of a heavy elementary particle of a new kind" [49 ] Adam Riess S.B. 1992 2011 Physics "for the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the Universe through observations of distant supernovae" [50 ] John Robert Schrieffer S.B. 1953 1972 Physics "for their jointly developed theory of superconductivity, usually called the BCS-theory" [51 ] William Shockley Ph.D. 1936 1956 Physics "for their researches on semiconductors and their discovery of the transistor effect" [52 ] George F. Smoot S.B., Ph.D. 1966, 1970 2006 Physics "for their discovery of the blackbody form and anisotropy of the cosmic microwave background radiation" [53 ] Joseph Stiglitz Ph.D. 1966 2001 Economics "for their analyses of markets with asymmetric information" [29 ] Carl E. Wieman S.B. 1973 2001 Physics "for the achievement of Bose-Einstein condensation in dilute gases of alkali atoms, and for early fundamental studies of the properties of the condensates" [34 ] Robert Burns Woodward S.B. 1936 1965 Chemistry "for his outstanding achievements in the art of organic synthesis" [54 ] Astronaut alumni [edit ]
Name Degree Year Mission James Alan Abrahamson S.B. – Aeronautics/Astronautics 1955 Manned Orbital Laboratory (selected but program canceled) Buzz Aldrin Sc. D- Aeronautics/Astronautics 1963 Gemini 12, Apollo 11 Dominic Antonelli S.B. – Aeronautics/Astronautics 1989 STS-119 Jerome Apt Ph. D – Physics 1976 STS-37, STS-47, STS-59, STS-79 Kenneth Cameron S.B., S.M. – Aeronautics/Astronautics 1978, 1979 STS-37, STS-56, STS-74 Gregory Chamitoff Ph.D. – Aeronautics/Astronautics 1992 STS-124, Expedition 17, Expedition 18, STS-126 Franklin Chang-Diaz Sc. D. – Nuclear Engineering 1977 STS-61-C, STS-34, STS-46, STS-60, STS-75, STS-91, STS-111 Philip K. Chapman S.M., Ph.D. 1964, 1967 1967 Catherine "Cady" Coleman S.B. – Chemistry 1983 STS-73, STS-93 Timothy Creamer S.M. 1992 Charles Duke S.M. – Aeronautics/Astronautics 1964 Apollo 16 Anthony W. England S.B., S.M., Ph.D. – Earth, Atmosphere, and Planetary Sciences 1965, 1965, 1970 STS-51-F Mike Fincke S.B. – Aeronautics/Astronautics; S.B. Earth, Atmosphere, and Planetary Sciences 1989 Soyuz TMA-4, Expedition 9, Soyuz TMA-13, Expedition 18, STS-134 John Grunsfeld S.B. – Physics 1980 STS-67, STS-81, STS-103, STS-109, STS-125 Terry Hart S.M. – Mechanical Engineering 1969 STS-41-C Frederick Hauck S.M. – Nuclear Engineering 1966 STS-7, STS-51-A, STS-26 Wendy Lawrence S.M. – Ocean Engineering 1988 STS-67, STS-86, STS-91, STS-114 Mark C. Lee S.M. – Mechanical Engineering 1980 STS-30, STS-47, STS-64, STS-81 William B. Lenoir S.B., S.M., Ph.D. – Electrical Engineering 1961, 1962, 1965 STS-5 Michael Massimino S.M., Technology Policy S.M., Mechanical Engineer, Ph.D. – Mechanical Engineering 1988, 1988, 1990, 1992 STS-109, STS-125 Ronald McNair Ph.D. – Physics 1976 STS-41-B, STS-51-L Pamela Ann Melroy S.M. – Earth, Atmosphere, and Planetary Sciences 1984 STS-92, STS-112, STS-120 Edgar Mitchell Sc. D. – Aeronautics/Astronautics 1964 Apollo 14 Nicholas Patrick S.M., Ph.D. – Mechanical Engineering 1990, 1996 STS-116 Albert Sacco Ph.D – Chemical Engineering 1977 STS-73 Russell Schweickart S.B., S.M. – Aeronautics/Astronautics 1956, 1963 Apollo 9 David Scott S.M., Engineer in Aeronautics/Astronautics 1962, 1962 Gemini 8, Apollo 9, Apollo 15 William Shepherd S.M., Ocean Engineer 1978, 1978 STS-27, STS-41, STS-52, Soyuz TM-31, Expedition 1, STS-102 Heidemarie Stefanyshyn-Piper S.B., S.M. – Mechanical Engineering 1984, 1985 STS-115, STS-126 Daniel Tani S.B., S.M. – Mechanical Engineering 1984, 1985 STS-108, STS-120, Expedition 16, STS-122 Robert Thirsk S.M., M.S. – Mechanical Engineering, Management 1978, 1998 STS-78, Soyuz TMA-14, Expedition 19, STS-127 Janice Voss S.M., Ph.D. – Electrical Engineering, Aeronautics/Astronautics 1977, 1978 STS-57, STS-63, STS-83, STS-94, STS-99 Stephen Robinson Post Doc at Man-Vehicle Lab, Aeronautics/Astronautics 1993 STS-85, STS-95, STS-114 Neil Woodward S.B. 1984 References [edit ] ^ a b "No honorary degrees is an MIT tradition going back to… Thomas Jefferson". 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