List of Madonna concert tours

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A blond woman standing on a stage wearing a drum major's dress in white and red and long white boots. She has raised her arms above and shakes a pair of pompoms.
Madonna performing the song "Give Me All Your Luvin'" during The MDNA Tour in 2012. After its completion, The MDNA Tour became the tenth highest grossing tour of all time with a revenue of US$305 million

American singer-songwriter Madonna has embarked on nine concert tours, eight of which have been worldwide. Her 1985 debut, The Virgin Tour, was based in North America only and was critically panned but went on to collect more than US $5 million.[1] In 1987 she performed on the worldwide Who's That Girl World Tour, which visited Europe, North America and Japan. It was critically appreciated for Madonna's showmanship and "exquisite" dresses.[2][3] She then followed this with the Blond Ambition World Tour in 1990, which Don Shewey of Rolling Stone called "the best tour of 1990."[4] The tour featured Madonna simulating masturbation during the performance of "Like a Virgin".[5] Officials in Toronto threatened to arrest her unless she removed the masturbation sequence, and in Italy, the Pope called for a boycott.[3] In 1993, she embarked on The Girlie Show where she visited Israel and Turkey for the first time, followed by Latin America and Australia. Madonna opened the show dressed as a whip-cracking dominatrix, surrounded by topless dancers of both sexes.[3] Lighter moments included singing "Like a Virgin" in the guise of actress Marlene Dietrich as well as wearing an Afro wig for "Express Yourself". She caused uproar in Puerto Rico by rubbing their national flag between her legs on stage. A review in Time by Sam Buckley said: "Madonna, once the Harlow harlot and now a perky harlequin, is the greatest show-off on earth."[6]

Madonna did not tour again until the Drowned World Tour in 2001. It went on to become one of the most successful and highest-grossing concert tours of 2001. Madonna played guitar and her costumes included a punkish tartan kilt and a geisha gown. Other moments from the show saw her fly through the air on wires and ride a mechanical bull. Some critics complained that the show concentrated on material from her most recent albums, but generally the response was favorable.[3] She grossed more than US $75 million with summer sold-out shows and eventually played in front of 730,000 people throughout North America and Europe.[7][8] The Drowned World Tour was followed by the 2004 Re-Invention World Tour. Madonna was inspired to create the tour after taking part in an art installation called X-STaTIC PRo=CeSS, directed by photographer Steven Klein.[9] Billboard awarded Madonna the "Backstage Pass Award" in recognition of having the top-grossing tour of the year, with ticket sales of nearly US $125 million.[10]

Madonna's next three tours broke world records, with the 2006 Confessions Tour grossing over US $194.7 million,[11] becoming the highest-grossing tour ever for a female artist at that time.[12] This feat was surpassed in 2008 with the Sticky & Sweet Tour, which went on to become the highest-grossing tour ever by a solo artist, and the second highest-grossing tour of all time, with approximately US $408 million in ticket sales.[13] In 2012, The MDNA Tour became the second highest-grossing tour among female artists, only behind Madonna's own Sticky & Sweet Tour, grossing over US $305 million.[14] These three tours had been planned to visit Australia, but were cancelled at the last moment, making The Girlie Show as Madonna's last tour there.[15]

Madonna has also embarked on four promotional tours for the release of her studio albums Music (2000), American Life (2003), Confessions on a Dance Floor (2005) and Hard Candy (2008). She has also made appearances at the charity concerts Live Aid (1985), Live 8 (2005) and Live Earth (2007), as well as performing at the Super Bowl XLVI halftime show in 2012 which is the most-watched Super Bowl halftime show in history. Madonna is the top touring female artist of all time according to Billboard Boxscore.[14] The singer was listed by Rolling Stone magazine as the fourth highest grossing touring act since 1990, with revenue of $1.14 billion and 9.7 million attendance at her shows.[16]

Concert tours[edit]

YearTitleDurationNumber of
performances
Gross
1985The Virgin TourApril 10, 1985 – June 11, 1985 (North America)
40
$5,000,000
The Virgin Tour was Madonna's debut concert tour. It promoted her first two albums, Madonna and Like a Virgin. According to her, she was inspired by Michael Jackson and Prince's live shows for the tour.[17] Although Madonna gained an international audience, the tour only visited North America. Tickets for the show at New York City's Radio City Music Hall were completely sold out in a record-breaking 34 minutes.[18] In the end several more US dates were added and the tour moved to larger concert venues due to strong ticket sales. Critics panned the tour, calling it atrocious and deducing that Madonna "will be out of business in six months".[18] The Virgin Tour was a success and collected a total of more than US $5 million. A music video Madonna Live: The Virgin Tour was released in 1985 and featured a date from Detroit.[1][18]
1987Who's That Girl World TourJune 14, 1987 – June 22, 1987 (Asia)
June 27, 1987 – August 9, 1987 (North America)
August 15, 1987 – September 6, 1987 (Europe)
39
$25,000,000
The 37 concert dates of the Who's That Girl World Tour played to 2.5 million fans. It was Madonna's first world tour, reaching Asia, North America and Europe. The tour supported her third studio album, True Blue as well as the soundtrack Who's That Girl.[19] Denoted as a "theatrical multi-media spectacular", the tour had everything – from sex, sensation and religious uproar for projecting the Pope's image during one performance.[19] Critically appreciated as a technically and fashionably superior and unprecedented tour, Who's That Girl was a commercial success, earning almost US $25 million and playing to a record breaking 130,000 audience in Paris. In 1987, a TV special live from Italy was broadcast in Europe entitled Madonna in Concerto, it was later released on home video as Ciao Italia: Live from Italy in 1988. Another special, Who's That Girl: Live in Japan, was broadcast and made commercially available in Japan only.[20][21]
1990Blond Ambition World TourApril 13, 1990 – April 27, 1990 (Asia)
May 4, 1990 – June 25, 1990 (North America)
June 30, 1990 – August 5, 1990 (Europe)
57
$62,700,000
The Blond Ambition World Tour was the third concert tour by Madonna. It supported her fourth studio album, Like a Prayer, and the soundtrack, I'm Breathless. The tour reached Japan, North America, and Europe. Inspired by the 1972 film Cabaret, it was a widely publicized and reported in the media, mainly for its juxtaposition of Catholic imagery and sexual content.[4][22] Rolling Stone called it an "elaborately choreographed, sexually provocative extravaganza" and proclaimed it "the best tour of 1990." In 1991, the documentary Madonna: Truth or Dare (also known as In Bed with Madonna), was released chronicling the tour. The tour received the "Most Creative Stage Production" at the Pollstar Concert Industry Awards. An HBO special was broadcast in 1990 titled Madonna – Live! Blond Ambition World Tour 90 and was released commercially by Pioneer Electronics as Blond Ambition World Tour Live. Another release, Blond Ambition Japan Tour 90, was available in Japan only and a date from Barcelona was broadcast in Europe.[4]
1993The Girlie ShowSeptember 25, 1993 – October 1, 1993 (Europe)
October 5, 1993 (Asia)
October 7, 1993 (Europe)
October 11, 1993 – October 26, 1993 (North America)
October 30, 1993 – November 6, 1993 (South America)
November 10, 1993 – November 13, 1993 (North America)
November 19, 1993 – December 4, 1993 (Australia)
December 7, 1993 – December 19, 1993 (Asia)
39
$70,000,000
The Girlie Show was the fourth concert tour by Madonna, in support of her fifth studio album, Erotica. The tour visited the North and South America, Europe, Australia and Japan.[23] Madonna's inspiration for the name of the tour was a painting called "Girlie Show" by Edward Hopper. The tour was estimated to have grossed over US $70 million. Fans and critics noted it as Madonna's best tour, reaffirming that "as a singer and stage performer, Madonna could still please her audience." Two separate TV specials were broadcast in 1993; Madonna Live in Japan: The Girlie Show, which was only broadcast in Japan and an HBO special titled Madonna Live Down Under: The Girlie Show, this version was released on home video in 1994.[24]
2001Drowned World TourJune 9, 2001 – July 12, 2001 (Europe)
July 21, 2001 – September 15, 2001 (North America)
47
$75,000,000
The Drowned World Tour was the fifth concert tour by Madonna in support of her seventh and eight studio albums, Ray of Light and Music. The tour was only in Europe and North America, and was critically appreciated from contemporary critics who complimented her ability to re-invent continuously.[25][26] It was a commercial success and went on to become the fourth-most successful and highest-grossing concert tours of 2001. She grossed more than US $75 million with summer sold-out shows and eventually played in front of 730,000 people throughout North America and Europe. An HBO special titled Madonna Live! Drowned World Tour 2001 was broadcast in 2001 and was later available on home video.[27]
2004Re-Invention World TourMay 24, 2004 – August 2, 2004 (North America)
August 14, 2004 – September 14, 2004 (Europe)
56
$124,790,787
Playing at dates in North America and Europe again, the Re-Invention World Tour was the sixth concert tour by Madonna, promoting her ninth studio album American Life. Critically revered, Re-Invention was named as the highest grossing tour of 2004, earning US $125 million from 56 shows and 900,000 audience. It won the Top Tour award as part of the 2004 Billboard Touring Awards.[28][29] The tour was chronicled in the 2005 documentary I'm Going to Tell You a Secret and a live album/DVD set was released in 2006.[30]
2006Confessions TourMay 21, 2006 – July 23, 2006 (North America)
July 30, 2006 – September 12, 2006 (Europe)
September 16, 2006 – September 21, 2006 (Asia)
60
$194,754,447
Madonna's seventh concert tour Confessions supported her tenth studio album Confessions on a Dance Floor. The tour garnered positive appreciation from critics and achieved commercial success.[31] Tickets were completely sold as soon as dates and venues for the concert were announced, prompting the organizers to add more dates. It was the highest earning tour ever for a female artist, grossing over US $194.7 million from 60 shows and 1.2 million audience.[12] The tour also received the "Most Creative Stage Production" at the Pollstar Concert Industry Awards as well as "Top Boxscore" from the Billboard Touring Awards.[32] Madonna's performance of the song "Live to Tell", while hanging on a giant mirrored cross wearing a crown of thorns, was met with strong negative reaction from religious groups. A TV special The Confessions Tour: Live from London was broadcast on NBC and Channel 4 in 2006 and a live album/DVD set was released in 2007.[33]
2008–09Sticky & Sweet TourAugust 23, 2008 – September 27, 2008 (Europe)
October 4, 2008 – November 30, 2008 (North America)
December 4, 2008 – December 21, 2008 (South America)
July 4, 2009 – August 29, 2009 (Europe)
September 1, 2009 – September 2, 2009 (Asia)
85
$407,713,266
The Sticky & Sweet Tour was the eighth worldwide concert tour by Madonna and promoted her eleventh studio album, Hard Candy. It began in August 2008 and was Madonna's first concert tour from her new recording and business deal with Live Nation. The tour was extended in 2009, by adding previously unventured European dates.[34] The Sticky & Sweet Tour broke many records in terms of its ticket sales, commercial gross and audience attendance. After the first leg, it became the highest grossing tour by a solo artist, earning $282 million, breaking the previous record Madonna herself held with the Confessions Tour. Overall, Madonna performed to over 3.5 million fans in 32 countries, grossing a total of US$408 million, making it also the second highest grossing tour of all time and the highest grossing tour by a solo artist. A TV special Madonna: Sticky & Sweet Tour was broadcast in the UK on Sky in July 2009 on the opening night of the 2009 leg of the tour. A commercial music video of the tour was released in 2010 including Madonna's first Blu-ray disc format.[35]
2012The MDNA TourMay 31, 2012 – June 4, 2012 (Asia)
June 7, 2012 – August 21, 2012 (Europe)
August 28, 2012 – November 25, 2012 (North America)
November 28, 2012 – December 22, 2012 (South America)
88
$305,158,363
The MDNA Tour was the ninth worldwide concert tour by Madonna, to promote her twelfth studio album, MDNA. It was Madonna's second tour under her long-term multi-rights deal with promoter, Live Nation Entertainment. The tour was officially announced by Billboard on February 7, 2012, two days after Madonna's performance at the Super Bowl XLVI halftime show.[36] The MDNA Tour was named the highest-grossing tour of 2012 and grossed $305 million, becoming the tenth highest-grossing tour of all time and surpassing Celine Dion's Taking Chances World Tour as the second highest-grossing tour among female artists, behind Madonna's own Sticky & Sweet Tour. Madonna also broke the record for occupying the top two highest-grossing female tours of all time.[37][38] A concert special, Madonna: The MDNA Tour, was broadcast on Epix in the United States on June 22, 2013.[39] It featured the November 19 and 20, 2012, shows at the American Airlines Arena in Miami including footage from other concert dates.[40] A video album, MDNA World Tour, was released in September 2013.[41]

One-off concerts[edit]

DateCityVenuePerformed songsAdditional notes
1982–84New York CityNight clubs"Physical Attraction", "Everybody", "Holiday", "Burning Up"Before and after releasing her debut album, Madonna performed in music clubs in New York City, such as Studio 54, Danceteria, Roxy NYC and Paradise Garage.
October 13, 1983LondonCamden Palace"Everybody", 'Burning Up", Holiday"[42]
February 14, 1998New York CityRoxy NYC"Sky Fits Heaven", "Shanti/Ashtangi", "Ray of Light"[43]
November 5, 2000New York CityRoseland Ballroom"Impressive Instant", "Runaway Lover", "Don't Tell Me", "What It Feels Like for a Girl", "Music"[44]
November 29, 2000LondonBrixton Academy"Impressive Instant", "Runaway Lover", "Don't Tell Me", "What It Feels Like for a Girl", "Holiday", "Music"[45]This concert, broadcast live by MSN, broke the record for most-viewed webcast.[46]
April 22, 2003New York CityMTV Studios"American Life", "Hollywood", "Nothing Fails", "X-Static Process", "Like a Prayer"[47]Broadcast by MTV as Madonna: On Stage and On the Record.
April 23, 2003New York CityTower Records"American Life", "X-Static Process", "Mother and Father", "Hollywood", "Like a Virgin", "American Life"[48]
April 30, 2003CologneRLT Studio"American Life", "Hollywood", "Music"[49]Broadcast by RTL as Absolut Madonna.
May 9, 2003LondonHMV Oxford Circus"American Life", "Hollywood", "Nothing Fails", "X-Static Process", "Mother and Father", "Like a Prayer", "Don't Tell Me"[50]
November 15, 2005LondonKoko"Hung Up", "Get Together", "I Love New York", "Let It Will Be", "Everybody"[51]Broadcast by Network LIVE.
November 19, 2005LondonG-A-Y"Hung Up", "Get Together", "I Love New York", "Let It Will Be", "Everybody", "Jump"[52]
December 7, 2005TokyoStudio Coast"Hung Up", "Get Together", "I Love New York", "Let It Will Be", "Everybody"[53]
April 30, 2006IndioEmpire Polo Club"Hung Up", "Get Together", "I Love New York", "Ray of Light", "Let It Will Be", "Everybody"[54]Part of 2006 Coachella Festival.
April 30, 2008New York CityRoseland Ballroom"Candy Shop", "Miles Away", "4 Minutes" (with Justin Timberlake), "Hung Up", "Give It 2 Me", "Music"[55]Broadcast by MSN.
May 6, 2008ParisOlympia"Candy Shop", "Miles Away", "4 Minutes", "Hung Up", "Give It 2 Me", "Music"[56]
May 10, 2008MaidstoneMote Park"Candy Shop", "Miles Away", "4 Minutes", "Hung Up", "Give It 2 Me", "Music"[57]Part of 2008 Radio 1's Big Weekend.

Notable live performances[edit]

YearTitleType of showSongs performed
1984MTV Video Music AwardsAwards"Like a Virgin"[58]
1985Live AidCharity"Holiday", "Into the Groove", "Love Makes the World Go Round"[59]
1989MTV Video Music AwardsAwards"Express Yourself"[60]
1990MTV Video Music AwardsAwards"Vogue"[61]
1991Academy AwardsAwards"Sooner or Later"[62]
1993Saturday Night LiveTV sketch comedy"Bad Girl", "Fever"[63]
1993The Arsenio Hall Show – 1000th episodeLive TV special"Fever" (Jazz version), "The Lady is a Tramp" (with Anthony Kiedis from Red Hot Chili Peppers)
1993MTV Video Music AwardsAwards"Bye Bye Baby"[60]
1995Brit AwardsAwards"Bedtime Story"[64]
American Music AwardsAwards"Take a Bow" (with Babyface)[65]
1997Academy AwardsAwards"You Must Love Me"[66]
1998MTV Video Music AwardsAwards"Shanti/Ashtangi" and "Ray of Light"[67]
1998MTV Europe Music AwardsAwards"The Power of Good-Bye"[67]
1999Grammy AwardsAwards"Nothing Really Matters"[68]
2000MTV Europe Music AwardsAwards"Music"[69]
2001Grammy AwardsAwards"Music"[69]
2003MTV Video Music AwardsAwards"Like a Virgin"/"Hollywood"/"Work It" Medley (with Britney Spears, Christina Aguilera and Missy Elliott)[70]
2005Live 8Charity"Like a Prayer", "Ray of Light", "Music"[71]
2005Tsunami AidTelethon"Imagine"[72]
2005MTV Europe Music AwardsAwards"Hung Up"[73]
2006Grammy AwardsAwards"Feel Good Inc."/"Hung Up" (with Gorillaz)[74]
2007Live EarthCharity"Hey You", "Ray of Light", "La Isla Bonita", "Hung Up"[75]
2010Hope for Haiti NowTelethon"Like a Prayer"[76]
2012Super Bowl XLVI halftime showLive TV event"Vogue", "Music" (performed with LMFAO and excerpts from "Party Rock Anthem" and "Sexy and I Know It"), "Give Me All Your Luvin'" (performed with Nicki Minaj and M.I.A.), "Open Your Heart"/"Express Yourself" (interlude) and "Like a Prayer" (performed with Cee Lo Green).[77]
2014Grammy AwardsAwards"Same Love"/"Open Your Heart" (with Macklemore & Ryan Lewis, featuring Mary Lambert)[78]
2014MTV UnpluggedLive TV show"We Can't Stop"/"Don't Tell Me" (performed with Miley Cyrus)[79]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Sherman, Heidi (July 7, 2001). "Madonna "The Virgin Tour" 1985". Spin (Spin Media LLC) 17 (7). ISSN 0886-3032. Retrieved May 12, 2010. 
  2. ^ Voller 1999, p. 20
  3. ^ a b c d Young, Neil (May 24, 2004). "Show-stealer Madonna on tour". BBC (BBC Online). Retrieved May 13, 2010. 
  4. ^ a b c Voller 2002, p. 32
  5. ^ Clerk 2002, p. 49
  6. ^ Taraborrelli 2002, p. 230
  7. ^ Reporter, BBC (September 21, 2006). "Madonna world tour 'sets record'". BBC (BBC Online). Retrieved May 8, 2010. 
  8. ^ Cross 2007, p. 90
  9. ^ Timmerman 2007, p. 23
  10. ^ Dunhill, Sam (November 4, 2004). "Madonna Tour Gets Top 'Backstage Pass' Honor". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media, Inc). Retrieved July 13, 2008. 
  11. ^ Young, Tom (February 21, 2007). "Madonna, The Confessions Tour". BBC (BBC Onlines). Retrieved July 13, 2008. 
  12. ^ a b Waddell, Ray (September 20, 2006). "Madonna's 'Confessions' Tour Sets Record". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media, Inc). Retrieved July 13, 2008. 
  13. ^ Reporter, Associated (September 2, 2009). "Madonna 'Takes a Bow' as Final Show of Record-Smashing 'Sticky & Sweet' Tour Ends...". Reuters (Thomson Reuters). Retrieved May 13, 2010. 
  14. ^ a b Waddell, Ray (January 23, 2013). "Madonna's 'MDNA' Tour Makes Billboard Boxscore's All-Time Top 10". Billboard (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved February 23, 2013. 
  15. ^ Te Koha, Nui (July 18, 2012). "Madonna scraps plan to tour Australia". The Daily Telegraph (News Corporation). Retrieved January 1, 2013. 
  16. ^ Waddell, Ray (May 27, 2014). "Rolling Stones No. 1 on List of Top 25 Live Artists Since 1990". Billboard (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved May 28, 2014. 
  17. ^ Taraborrelli 2002, p. 177
  18. ^ a b c Taraborrelli 2002, p. 332
  19. ^ a b Taraborrelli 2002, p. 199
  20. ^ Bego 2000, p. 190
  21. ^ Bassets, Lluis (August 31, 1987). "Madonna convocó en París a 130.000 personas". El País (in Spanish) (Madrid: Jesús de Polanco). Retrieved May 12, 2010. 
  22. ^ Metz & Benson 1999, p. 220
  23. ^ Taraborrelli 2002, p. 231
  24. ^ Hadden, Brian (September 10, 1993). "Madonna: She's back again". Time (New York: News Corporation) 142 (24). ISSN 0040-781X. Retrieved May 12, 2010. 
  25. ^ McAlley, John (June 22, 2001). "Reign In Spain". Entertainment Weekly (Time Inc.). Retrieved December 30, 2009. 
  26. ^ Pareles, Jon (July 27, 2001). "Pop Review; Sea of Self-Love, but Who's Drowning?". The New York Times. Retrieved December 30, 2009. 
  27. ^ Caulfield, Keith (December 29, 2001). "The Year in Touring". Billboard (New York City: Nielsen Business Media, Inc) 113 (52): 44. ISSN 0006-2510. 
  28. ^ Singer, Thea (June 25, 2004). "Music; Belle of the Kabbalah; Madonna brings Jewish mysticism on tour". Boston Herald (The New York Times Company). Retrieved October 30, 2009. 
  29. ^ Silverman, Stephen M. (June 1, 2004). "Madonna Boasts Top-Grossing Show of Year". People (Time Inc.). Retrieved October 30, 2009. 
  30. ^ Garfield, Simon (November 20, 2005). "Looks good on the dancefloor". The Guardian (Guardian Media Group). Retrieved October 30, 2009. 
  31. ^ Chareunsy, Don (May 23, 2006). "Feisty Madonna mixes themes with Bush bashing". The San Diego Union-Tribune (Platinum Equity). Retrieved October 14, 2009. 
  32. ^ Conception, Mariel (November 9, 2006). "Billboard Announces Winners of the 2006 Touring Awards" (PDF). Billboard (Nielsen Business Media, Inc). Retrieved October 15, 2009. 
  33. ^ Press, Associated (August 7, 2006). "Madonna's Rome show crosses religious leaders". CBC News (Canadian Broadcasting Corporation). Retrieved March 18, 2009. 
  34. ^ Waddell, Ray (January 30, 2009). "Madonna Resuming Sticky & Sweet Tour This Summer". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media, Inc). Retrieved November 9, 2009. 
  35. ^ Waddell, Ray (September 2, 2009). "Madonna Closes Tour In Tel Aviv; 2nd Highest Grossing Trek Of All Time". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media, Inc). Retrieved November 9, 2009. 
  36. ^ Waddell, Ray (February 6, 2012). "Madonna Sets 2012 World Tour Dates". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved February 10, 2012. 
  37. ^ "Top 25 Tours of 2012". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. January 3, 2013. Retrieved June 6, 2013. 
  38. ^ Lewis, Randy (December 28, 2012). "Madonna, Springsteen, Roger Waters were tops on tour in 2012". Los Angeles Times (Gannett Company). Retrieved December 28, 2012. 
  39. ^ "MDNA Tour To Premiere On Epix On June 22". Madonna.com. May 10, 2013. Retrieved May 10, 2013. 
  40. ^ "Madonna: The MDNA Tour". Epix HD. Retrieved May 10, 2013. 
  41. ^ "MDNA World Tour To Be Released In Multiple Formats September 10th". Madonna.com. August 8, 2013. Retrieved August 8, 2013. 
  42. ^ Robin Denselow, Bart Mills (October 15, 2009). "From the archive: Madonna at Camden Palace". The Guardian (Guardian News and Media). Retrieved February 9, 2014. 
  43. ^ Vineyard, Jennifer (February 16, 1998). "Madonna Lights Up New York's Roxy". MTV News. Viacom. Retrieved February 9, 2014. 
  44. ^ Aquilante, Dan (November 6, 2000). "It’S Free-Dom For All As Madonna Plays Roseland". New York Post (Post Media). Retrieved February 9, 2014. 
  45. ^ Sawyer, Miranda (December 3, 2000). "Madonna gets them in". The Guardian (Guardian News and Media). Retrieved February 9, 2014. 
  46. ^ Kemp, Rob (November 29, 2000). "Madonna Shatters Record For Most-Viewed Webcast, Producer Says". MTV News. Viacom. Retrieved February 9, 2014. 
  47. ^ "Madonna: On Stage and On the Record". On the Record. Season 5. April 22, 2003. MTV.
  48. ^ "Retail Track: Madonna Makes Music". Books.google.com. Retrieved February 9, 2014. 
  49. ^ Wellershoff, Von Marianne (May 4, 2003). "RTL und der Weltsuperstar: Schülerzeitung meets Madonna". Spiegel (in German). Retrieved February 9, 2014. 
  50. ^ Davies, Hugh (May 10, 2003). "HMV? More like a Virgin". The Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media. Retrieved February 9, 2014. 
  51. ^ Hand, John (November 16, 2005). "Entertainment | Madonna's intimate night with her fans". BBC News. Retrieved February 9, 2014. 
  52. ^ "News > Madonna performs live from the G-A-Y Astoria in London". Madonna.com. Retrieved February 9, 2014. 
  53. ^ "News > Madonna performs live from the Studio Coast club in Tokyo". Madonna.com. Retrieved February 9, 2014. 
  54. ^ "Coachella Day Two: Madonna Makes It Quick, Gnarls Goes 'Crazy'". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. October 9, 2005. Retrieved February 9, 2014. 
  55. ^ Harris, Chris (May 1, 2008). "Madonna — With Special Guest Justin Timberlake – Rips Through A Furiously Paced Set In NYC". MTV News. Viacom. Retrieved February 9, 2014. 
  56. ^ "Madonna loves to 'french the French'". The Sydney Morning Herald. Fairfax Media. May 7, 2008. Retrieved February 9, 2014. 
  57. ^ "Madonna reworks hits at Radio 1's Big Weekend". NME. IPC Media. May 11, 2008. Retrieved February 9, 2014. 
  58. ^ Batchelor & Stoddart 2007, p. 112
  59. ^ Morton 2002, p. 332
  60. ^ a b Morton 2002, p. 334
  61. ^ Taraborrelli 2002, p. 118
  62. ^ Bego 2000, p. 264
  63. ^ Parish & Pitts 2003, p. 525
  64. ^ Rooksby 2004, p. 65
  65. ^ Bego 2000, p. 294
  66. ^ Guilbert 2002, p. 93
  67. ^ a b Flick, Larry (December 5, 1998). "Maverick's Madonna to 'Light' Up Awards Show". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media, Inc) 110 (49). ISSN 0006-2510. Retrieved May 12, 2010. 
  68. ^ Fouz-Hernández & Jarman-Ivens 2004, p. 111
  69. ^ a b Morton 2002, p. 337
  70. ^ Moss, Corey (August 28, 2003). "Madonna Smooches With Britney And Christina". MTV (MTV Networks). Retrieved May 13, 2010. 
  71. ^ "Madonna: The Live 8 Event". BBC (BBC Online). July 2, 2006. Retrieved May 13, 2010. 
  72. ^ Reporter, Press (January 18, 2005). "Stars lend a hand". MSNBC. Associated Press. Retrieved May 13, 2010. 
  73. ^ "Madonna Kicks off MTV Europe Awards". Reuters. November 4, 2005. Retrieved June 16, 2010. 
  74. ^ Kauffman, Gil (February 1, 2006). "Madonna's Oddest Collab Yet: Singer To Perform At Grammys With Gorillaz". MTV (MTV Networks). Retrieved May 13, 2010. 
  75. ^ Herrera, Monica (June 9, 2007). "Live Earth London Wraps With Madonna Spectacular". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media, Inc). Retrieved May 13, 2010. 
  76. ^ Johnston, Maura (January 22, 2010). "Madonna Brings Classic 'Like A Prayer' To 'Hope For Haiti Now' Telethon". MTV (MTV Networks). Retrieved May 13, 2010. 
  77. ^ Caulfield, Keith (September 3, 2011). "Madonna Fans Rejoice: New Album Due in Spring 2012". Billboard (Prometheus Global Media). Retrieved October 29, 2011. 
  78. ^ Franich, Darren (January 26, 2014). "Grammys: Macklemore & Ryan Lewis performance features 33 marriages, Madonna". Entertainment Weekly (Time Inc). Retrieved January 29, 2014. 
  79. ^ Malkin, Mark (January 29, 2014). "Miley Cyrus and Madonna Perform Together for MTV Unplugged: All the Details". E! Online. Retrieved January 29, 2014. 

References[edit]

External links[edit]