List of Japanese military equipment of World War II

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Imperial Japanese Military
Empire of Japan
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 Imperial Japanese Army
(Dai Nippon Teikoku Rikugun)
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(Dai Nippon Teikoku Kaigun)
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Rank insignia
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History of the Japanese Military
Military History of Japan during World War II

The following is a list of Japanese military equipment of World War II which includes artillery, vehicles and vessels. World War II was a global war that was under way by 1939 and ended in 1945. In December 1941, the Empire of Japan, which aimed to dominate East Asia and Indochina, joined the Axis, attacked the United States and European territories in and around the Pacific Ocean, and quickly conquered much of the West Pacific.


Swords and bayonets[edit]

ModelBlade lengthFrom:Comments
Guntō (Type 98 Military Sword)73 cm1938-
Type 30 bayonet40 cm1897fitted on rifles from Type 30 to Type 99
Pole bayonet38.6 cm1945last-ditch weapon

Small arms[edit]

Pistols (manual and semi-automatic)[edit]

Automatic pistols and submachine guns[edit]



TypeBase modelMakerRoundsCartridgeFrom:ProducedWeightComment
Type 30 RifleType 30Arisaka56.5×50mm Arisaka18975990003.95 kglimited distribution in 1945
Type 38 RifleType 38Arisaka56.5×50mm Arisaka190534000003.95 kgmain IJA rifle
Type 38 Cavalry CarbineType 38Arisaka56.5×50mm Arisaka1905 ?3.3 kgmain armament of IJA auxiliary troops
Type 44 Cavalry CarbineType 38Arisaka56.5×50mm Arisaka1911919003.3 kgfoldable
Type 97 sniper rifleType 38Arisaka56.5×50mm Arisaka1937225003.95 kg2.5x telescopic sight
Type 99 (short) rifleType 99Arisaka57.7×58mm Arisaka193935000003.7 kgintended to replace Type 38
Type 99 (long) rifleType 99Arisaka57.7×58mm Arisaka1939 ?4.09 kgscarse
Type 2 TERA RifleType 99Nagoya57.7×58mm Arisaka1943212003.7 kgtakedown variant for paratroopers
Type 99 sniper rifleType 99Arisaka57.7×58mm Arisaka19398000 (approx.)3.7 kg2.5x or 4x telescopic sight
Type 100 TERA rifleKarabiner 98kunknown57.7×58mm Arisaka1940500 (approx.)3.9 kgdetachable barrel for paratroopers
Type 1 TERA rifleType 38 Cavalry CarbineNagoya56.5×50mm Arisaka1941250 (approx.)3.3 kgfoldable for paratroopers
Type I RifleType 38Carcano56.5×50mm Arisaka1939600003.95 kgbuilt in Italy for IJN
Type 4 RifleM1 GarandYokosuka107.7×58mm Arisaka1945204.14 kg(also known as Type 5) semi-automatic

Grenades and grenade launchers[edit]

GrenadeLauncherIntroducedTypeWeight, gcomments
Type 10 GrenadeType 10 grenade discharger1914fragmentation530inaccurate fuse timing
Type 91 GrenadeType 89 grenade discharger1931fragmentation530improvement of Type 10
Type 97 GrenadeNo1937fragmentation450evolution of Type 91 optimized for hand-throw
Type 99 GrenadeType 100 grenade discharger1939fragmentation300variant of Type 97 for grenade launcher
Type 4 GrenadeNo1944fragmentation~480Ceramic (Pottery) grenade

Shoulder-armed rocket launchers[edit]


Machine guns[edit]

Infantry and dual-purpose machine guns[edit]

Vehicle and aircraft machine guns[edit]

See also List of weapons of World War II Japanese aircraft#Army aircraft (IJA)
and List of weapons of World War II Japanese aircraft#Navy aircraft (IJN)


Infantry mortars[edit]

Heavy mortars & rocket launchers[edit]

Field artillery[edit]

Fortress and siege guns[edit]

Infantry guns[edit]

Anti-tank guns[edit]

Anti-tank weapons (besides ant-tank guns)[edit]

Anti-aircraft weapons[edit]

Occasional anti-aircraft guns[edit]

Light anti-aircraft guns[edit]

Medium & heavy anti-aircraft guns[edit]



Amphibious tanks[edit]

Note: Amphibious Tanks were used by the IJN.

Land tanks and derivatives[edit]

Self-propelled guns[edit]


Jiro-ShaType 95 Heavy Tankunknown ? ?-
Type 2 Ka-ToType 95 Heavy Tank105 mm19420self-propelled anti-tank gun
Type 5 Ho-RuType 95 Ha-Gounknown19451SP ATG
Type 4 120 mm Ho-ToType 95 Ha-GoType 38 12 cm Howitzer1944 ?self-propelled gun
Type 1 Ho-Ni IType 97 Chi-HaType 90 75 mm Field Gun1941 ?SP ATG
Type 1 Ho-Ni IIType 97 Chi-HaType 91 10 cm howitzer1941 ?SPG
Type 3 Ho-Ni IIIType 97 Chi-HaType 3 75 mm Tank Gun1943 ?SP ATG
Type 2 Ho-IType 97 Chi-HaType 41 75 mm Mountain Gun1942 ?SPG
Type 4 Ho-RoType 97 Chi-HaType 38 15 cm howitzer1944 ?SPG
Short barrel 120mm gun tankType 97 Chi-Ha120mm naval gun1945 ?SPG
Type 5 Ho-ChiType 97 Chi-HaType 96 15 cm howitzer1945 ?SPG
Type 98 Ta-Se 20 mmType 98 Ke-NiType 98 20 mm AA Machine Cannon19431self-propelled anti-aircraft gun
Type 5 Na-ToType 4 Chi-ToType 5 75 mm tank gun1945 ?SP ATG
Type 5 Ho-RiType 5 Chi-Ri105mm1945 ?SP ATG


Armored cars[edit]

MakerDevelopedRail wheelsProducedArmamentModel
Austin Motor Company/Nissan1934No ?noneAustin 7
Crossley1928No ?noneIGA
Wolseley Motors Limited1928No ?noneunknown
Sumida(Isuzu)1932No2003x6.5mm Type 11 MGType 2592 Chiyoda, also known as "Chiysda" (misspelled)
Sumida(Isuzu)1931No23x6.5mm Type 11 MG(Chiyoda QSW) "Aikoku"
Sumida(Isuzu)1931No ?3x6.5mm Type 11 MG(Chiyoda) "Kokusan"
Sumida(Isuzu)1932No ?noneType 2592 Sumida
Sumida(Isuzu)1931Yes10001x7.7mm machine gunSumida M.2593, also known as Type 91 Broad-gauge Railroad Tractor Sumi-Da or Type 91 armored railroad car So-Mo
unknown1935Yes121noneType 95 armored railroad car So-Ki
unknown1932Yes ?5× 7.7 mm Vickers .303 MGType 2592 Osaka Hokoku-Go (also known as "Hokoku" or Type 92 Osaka or Type 92 naval armored car)
Ford ?No ?noneMk IV?
 ?1938Yes ?noneType 2598 railroad car

Armored carriers[edit]

Armored trains[edit]

Railroad vehicles[edit]



Railroad cars[edit]

Engineering and command[edit]

See List of Japanese Army military engineer vehicles of World War II


Passenger cars[edit]


Tractors & prime movers[edit]

Miscellaneous vehicles[edit]

Army vessels[edit]

River-crossing crafts[edit]

Landing craft[edit]


Gun boats[edit]

Landing craft/aircraft carriers[edit]

Transport vessels[edit]

Navy ships and war vessels[edit]


Secret weapons[edit]

Army secret weapons[edit]

Navy secret weapons[edit]


Imperial Japanese Army radars[edit]

Ground-based radar[edit]

Airborne radar[edit]

Shipborne radar[edit]

Imperial Japanese Navy Radars[edit]

Land-based radar[edit]

Airborne radar[edit]

Shipborne radar[edit]

Missiles & bombs[edit]

nametypeintroducedweight, kgroleusercomment
Kawasaki Ki-147 I-Go Type1 – Koguided missile19441400air-to-surfaceIJARadio-guided
Kawasaki Igo-1-Bguided missile1944680air-to-surfaceIJARadio-guided, also known as Ki-148 or I-Go Type 1-Hei
Ke-Goguided missile1944680air-to-surfaceIJAIR homing version of Ki-148
Funshin-danunguided missile194340surface-to-airIJNused in battle of Iwo Jima
Funryuguided missile19431900surface-to-airIJNRadio-guided, models Funryu-1 to Funryu-4
Yokosuka MXY7 Ohkaguided missile19452140surface-to-airIJNguided by suicide pilot
Type 92 No. 1bomb193215air-to-surfaceIJA-
Type 92 No. 25bomb1932250air-to-surfaceIJA-
Type 92 No. 50bomb1932500air-to-surfaceIJA-
Type 94 No. 5bomb193450air-to-surfaceIJA-
Type 94 Mod. No. 5bomb193450air-to-surfaceIJA-
Type 94 No. 10bomb1934100air-to-surfaceIJA-
Type 94 No. 10 Mod.bomb1934100air-to-surfaceIJA-
Type 97 No. 6bomb193760air-to-surfaceIJNused in Pearl Harbor attack
Type 98 No. 25bomb193830air-to-surfaceIJNused in Pearl Harbor attack
Type 99 No. 3 Mod.bomb193930air-to-surfaceIJA-
Type 99 No. 80bomb1939800anti-shipIJNused in Pearl Harbor attack
Type 99 No. 25bomb193930anti-shipIJNused in Pearl Harbor attack
Type 1 No. 5bomb194150air-to-surfaceIJA-
Type 1 No. 10bomb1941100air-to-surfaceIJA-
Type 1 No. 25bomb1941250air-to-surfaceIJA-
Type 3 No. 10bomb1943100air-to-surfaceIJA-
Type 3 No. 25bomb1943250air-to-surfaceIJASkipping bomb
Type 4 No. 10bomb1944100anti-shipIJA-
Type 4 No. 25bomb1944250anti-shipIJA-
Type 4 No. 50bomb1944500anti-shipIJA-

For more details on naval bombs, see List of Japanese World War II navy bombs For more details in land bombs, see List of Japanese World War II army bombs

Unclear IJA bombs[edit]

Unclear IJN bombs[edit]

Unclear bomb[edit]

Cartridges and shells[edit]


High Explosive Anti-Tank (HEAT) shells[edit]

Type 90/97 Tank Gun57mm1.80 kg189 mm55 mm
Type 92 Infantry Gun70 mm3.38 kg281 mm90 mm
Type 41 Mountain Gun75 mm3.95 kg297 mm100mm
Type 91 10 cm Howitzer105 mm10.91 kg364 mm120 mm
Type 38 12 cm Howitzer120 mm13.03 kg387 mm140 mm
Type 4 15 cm Howitzer149 mm21.04 kg524 mm150mm

Among them, the HEAT of Type 41 Mountain Gun was used in action and destroyed several Allied tanks in Burma and other places. The use of the HEAT for other guns is not known.

Other HEAT shell was the projectile of Type 94 Mountain Gun. The HEAT of Type 94 Mountain Gun was not produced though it was developed.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Standard Catalog of Military Firearms: The Collector's Price and Reference Guide, edited by Phillip Peterson, ISBN 978-1440236921

External links[edit]