List of Hispanic Medal of Honor recipients

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Reverse of the Medal of Honor awarded to Seaman John Ortega

The Medal of Honor was introduced during the American Civil War and is the highest military decoration presented by the United States government to a member of its armed forces. The recipient must have distinguished themselves at the risk of their own life above and beyond the call of duty in action against an enemy of the United States. Due to the nature of this medal, it is commonly presented posthumously.[1]

Sixty-one men of Hispanic heritage have been awarded the Medal of Honor. Of the Sixty-one Medals of Honor presented to Hispanics, two were presented to members of the United States Navy, thirteen to members of the United States Marine Corps and forty-six to members of the United States Army. Forty-two Medals of Honor were presented posthumously.[2]

The first recipient was Corporal Joseph H. De Castro of the Union Army for his actions at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania on July 3, 1863, during the American Civil War and the most recent recipient is Sergeant First Class Leroy Petry for his actions in Afghanistan. Corporal De Castro was a member of the Massachusetts Infantry, a militia that was not part of the "regular" army; however, Private David Bennes Barkley was a member of the regular army during World War I and has been recognized as the Army's first Hispanic Medal of Honor recipient.[3] In 1864, Seaman John Ortega became the first Hispanic member of the U.S. Navy to receive the Medal of Honor and in 1900, Private France Silva became the first person of Hispanic descent in the U.S. Marine Corps to receive the medal.[4] President Barack Obama awarded the Medal of Honor to 17 Hispanics on a March 18, 2014 in a ceremony in the White House. The award comes through the National Defense Authorization Act which called for a review of Jewish American and Hispanic American veterans from WWII, the Korean War and the Vietnam War to ensure that no prejudice was shown to those deserving the Medal of Honor.[5][6]

Fifteen recipients were born outside the United States mainland, one each in Chile and Spain, five in Mexico and eight in Puerto Rico. Seaman Philip Bazaar from Chile received the medal in January 1865 and Seaman John Ortega from Spain in December 1865. The first native Mexican recipient was Staff Sergeant Marcario Garcia and the first Puerto Rican was PFC Fernando Luis Garcia.[7] 1st Lt. Rudolph B. Davila, of Hispanic-Filipino descent, was the only person of Filipino ancestry to receive the medal for his actions in the war in Europe during World War II.[8] Private Joe P. Martinez was the first Hispanic-American recipient to be awarded the Medal of Honor posthumously for combat heroism on American soil during the same conflict.[9] 1st Lt. Baldomero Lopez, is the only Hispanic graduate of the United States Naval Academy recipient of the Medal of Honor.[10] Captain Humbert Roque Versace was the first recipient of the Medal of Honor to be given to an Army POW for his actions during captivity in Southeast Asia during the Vietnam War.[11]

Terminology[edit]

Hispanic is an ethnic term employed to categorize any citizen or resident of the United States, of any racial background, of any country, and of any religion, who has at least one ancestor from the people of Spain or is of non-Hispanic origin, but has an ancestor from Mexico, Puerto Rico, Cuba, Central or South America, or other Hispanic origin. The three largest Hispanic groups in the United States are the Mexican-Americans, Puerto Ricans and Cubans.[12]

American Civil War[edit]

Three Hispanic Americans earned the Medal of Honor during the American Civil War, two were sailors of the Union Navy and one was a soldier of the 19th Massachusetts Infantry.

      This with the * indicates that the Medal of Honor was awarded posthumously

ImageNameRankBranchUnitPlace of actionDate of actionNotes/Reference
Bazaar, PhilipPhilip BazaarOrdinary SeamanNavyMassachusetts, USS Santiago de CubaAssault on Fort FisherJanuary 15, 1865"As one of a boat crew detailed to one of the generals on shore, O.S. Bazaar bravely entered the fort in the assault and accompanied his party in carrying dispatches at the height of the battle. He was 1 of 6 men who entered the fort in the assault from the fleet"[13]
De Castro, Joseph H.Joseph H. De CastroCorporalArmyCompany I, 19th Massachusetts InfantryGettysburg, PennsylvaniaJuly 3, 1863Attacked a confederate flag bearer from the 19th Virginia Infantry regiment and captured their flag.[13]
Ortega, JohnJohn OrtegaSeamanNavyUSS SaratogaUSS SaratogaDecember 1864Was a member of a landing party who made several raids in August and September 1864 which resulted in the capture of many confederate prisoners and the taking or destruction of substantial quantities of ordnance, ammunition, and supplies. A number of buildings, bridges, and salt works were also destroyed during the expedition[14]

Boxer rebellion[edit]

During the Boxer rebellion only one Hispanic American received the Medal of Honor and that was France Silva who earned it for "distinguishing himself for meritorious conduct".

      This with the * indicates that the Medal of Honor was awarded posthumously

ImageNameRankBranchUnitPlace of actionDate of actionNotes/Reference
Silva, FranceFrance SilvaPrivateMarine CorpsUSS NewarkPeking, ChinaJune 28, 1900August 17, 1900For distinguishing himself by meritorlous conduct[15]

World War I[edit]

ImageNameRankBranchUnitPlace of actionDate of actionNotes/Reference
A head and shoulders portrait of a young, cleanshaven man in a formal military uniform, wearing a hat.Barkley, David B.David B. Barkley*PrivateArmyCompany A, 356th Infantry,
89th Division
Near Pouilly, FranceNovember 9, 1918Volunteered to swim a river to gather information on an enemy force. When he was swimming back across the river he got cramps and drowned.[16]

World War II[edit]

      This with the * indicates that the Medal of Honor was awarded posthumously

ImageNameBranchRankUnitPlace of actionDate of actionNotes/Reference
Adams, LucianLucian AdamsStaff SergeantArmy30th Infantry, 3d Infantry DivisionSt. Die, FranceOctober 1944[17]
Cano, PedroPedro CanoPrivateArmyCompany C, 8th Infantry Regiment, 4th Infantry DivisionSchevenhutte, GermanyDec. 3, 1944[18]
Rudolph B. Davila.jpgDavila, Rudolph B.Rudolph B. DavilaStaff SergeantArmyCompany H, 7th InfantryArtena, ItalyMay 28, 1944Risked his life to destroy three hostile machine guns.[18]
Gandara, JoeJoe GandaraPrivateArmyCompany D, 2d Battalion, 507th Parachute Infantry Regiment, 82d Airborne DivisionAmfreville, FranceJune 9, 1944He destroyed three hostile machine guns before he was fatally wounded.[18]
Marcario Garcia.jpgGarcia, MarcarioMarcario GarciaStaff SergeantArmyCompany B, 22d Infantry, 4th Infantry DivisionNear Grosshau, GermanyNovember 27, 1944"While an acting squad leader, he single-handedly assaulted two enemy machine gun emplacements"[19]
Gonsalves H USMC.jpgGonsalves, HaroldHarold Gonsalves*Private First ClassMarine Corps4th Battalion, 15th Marines
6th Marine Division
Ryūkyū Chain, OkinawaApril 15, 1945Sacrificed his life to smother a grenade with his body[19]
David Gonzalez.jpgGonzales, David M.David M. Gonzales*Private First ClassArmyCompany A, 127th Infantry, 32 Infantry DivisionVilla Verde Trail, Luzon, Philippine IslandsApril 25, 1945Was killed in action in the Philippines while digging out fellow soldiers who had been buried in a bomb explosion[19]
Harry Truman and Silvestre S. Herrera.jpgHerrera, Silvestre S.Silvestre S. HerreraPrivate First ClassArmyCompany E, 142d Infantry, 36th Infantry DivisionNear Mertzwiller, FranceMarch 15, 1945Injured in action while charging an enemy stronghold resulting in the capture of eight enemy soldiers[19]
Lara, Salvador J.Salvador J. LaraPrivate First ClassArmy602d Ordnance Armament Maintenance Battalion, 45th Infantry DivisionAprilia, ItalyMay 27–28, 1944For courageous actions during combat operations in Aprilia, Italy before he was fatally wounded.[18]
Jose M. Lopez.jpgLopez, Jose M.Jose M. LopezSergeantArmy2d Infantry DivisionNear Krinkelt, BelgiumDecember 17, 1944Single-handedly repulsed a German infantry attack, killing at least 100 enemy troops[19]
Joe P. Martinez.jpgMartinez, Joe P.Joe P. Martinez*PrivateArmyCompany K, 32d Infantry, 7th Infantry DivisionAttu, AleutiansMay 26, 1943Killed in action while participating in the defeat of enemy forces in a snow covered mountain.[20]
Manuel Perez.jpgJr., Manuel PerezManuel Perez Jr.*Private First ClassArmyCompany A 511th Parachute Infantry, 11th Airborne DivisionFort William McKinley, Luzon, Philippine IslandsFebruary 13, 1945Killed 18 enemy soldiers and that they were in so his company could advance[20]
Mendoza, Manuel V. Manuel V. MendozaStaff SergeantArmy350th Infantry Regiment, 88th Infantry DivisionBattaglia, ItalyOct. 4, 1944For courageous actions during combat operations on Mount Battaglia, Italy before he was fatally wounded.[18]
Cleto Rodriguez.jpgRodriguez, Cleto L.Cleto L. RodriguezPrivateArmyCompany B, 148th Infantry, 37th DivisionPaco Railroad Station, Manila, Philippine IslandsFebruary 9, 1945With another soldier, who was killed in the action, killed more than 82 Japanese, completely disorganized their defense, and allowed for the enemy to be defeatede[20]
Alejandro Ruiz.jpgRuiz, Alejandro R.Alejandro R. RuizPrivate First ClassArmy165th Infantry, 27th Infantry DivisionOkinawaApril 28, 1945Risked his life to eliminate an enemy pillbox and kill the 12 enemy soldiers who were occupying it[20]
Jose F. Valdez.jpgValdez, Jose F.Jose F. Valdez*Private First ClassArmyCompany B, 7th Infantry, 3d Infantry DivisionRosenkrantz, FranceJanuary 25, 1945[21]
Ysmael Villegas.jpgVillegas, Ysmael R.Ysmael R. Villegas*Staff SergeantArmyCompany F, 127th Infantry, 32d Infantry DivisionVilla Verde Trail, Luzon, Philippine IslandsMarch 20, 1945[21]

Korean War[edit]

      This with the * indicates that the Medal of Honor was awarded posthumously

ImageNameRankBranchUnitPlace of actionDate of actionNotes/Reference
Baldonado, Joe R. Joe R. BaldonadoCorporalArmyCompany B, 1st Battalion, 187th Airborne Regimental Combat Team, 11th Airborne Division.Kangdong, North KoreaNov. 25, 1950[18]
Espinoza, Victor H.Victor H. EspinozaCorporalArmyCompany A, 1st Battalion, 23d Infantry Regiment, 2d Infantry Division.Chorwon, North KoreaAug. 1, 1952[18]
A head and shoulders portrait of a young, cleanshaven man with dark hair.García, Fernando LuisFernando Luis García*Private First ClassMarine CorpsCompany I
3rd Battalion, 5th Marines
1st Marine Division
KoreaSeptember 5, 1952[22]
Gomez E USMC.jpgGomez, EdwardEdward Gomez*Private First ClassMarine CorpsCompany E
2nd Battalion, 1st Marines
1st Marine Division
Kajon-ni, KoreaSeptember 14, 1951[22]
Gomez, Eduardo C. Eduardo C. GomezSergeantArmyCompany I, 3d Battalion, 8th Cavalry Regiment (Infantry), 1st Cavalry Division.Tabu-dong, South KoreaSept. 3, 1950For heroism in inflicting a heavy toll in casualties and retarding the enemy's advance.[18]
Guillen A.jpgGuillen, AmbrosioAmbrosio Guillen*Staff SergeantMarine CorpsCompany F
2nd Battalion, 7th Marines
1st Marine Division
Songuch-on, KoreaJuly 25, 1953[22]
Rodolfo Hernandez.jpgHernandez, Rodolfo P.Rodolfo P. HernandezCorporalArmyCompany G, 187th Airborne Regimental Combat TeamNear Wontong-ni, KoreaMay 31, 1951[22]
Baldomero Lopez - portrait.jpgLopez, BaldomeroBaldomero Lopez*First LieutenantMarine CorpsCompany A
1st Battalion, 5th Marines
1st Marine Division
Inchon Landing, KoreaSeptember 15, 1950[22]
Benito Martinez2.jpgMartinez, BenitoBenito Martinez*CorporalArmyCompany A, 27th Infantry Regiment, 25th Infantry DivisionSatacri, KoreaSeptember 6, 1952[22]
Juan-negron-united-states-army-medal-of-honor.jpgNegrón, Juan E. Juan E. NegrónMaster SergeantArmy65th Infantry Regiment, 3rd Infantry DivisionKalma-Eri, North KoreaApril 28, 1951For courageous actions during combat operations in Kalma-Eri, North Korea.[18]
Obregon EA.jpgObregon, Eugene ArnoldEugene Arnold Obregon*Private First ClassMarine CorpsCompany G
3rd Battalion, 5th Marines
1st Marine Division
Second Battle of SeoulSeptember 26, 1950[22]
Pena, Mike C. Mike C. PenaMaster SergeantArmyCompany F, 2d Battalion, 5th Cavalry Regiment (Infantry), 1st Cavalry Division.Waegwan, South KoreaSept. 4, 1950[18]
Demensio Rivera.jpgRivera, DemensioDemensio RiveraPrivateArmyCompany G, 2d Battalion, 7th Infantry Regiment, 3d Infantry Division.Changyong-ni, South KoreaMay 23, 1951For courageous actions during combat operations in Changyong-ni, South Korea.[18]
Joseph Rodriguez.jpgRodriguez, Joseph C.Joseph C. RodriguezPrivate First ClassArmyCompany F, 17th Infantry Regiment, 7th Infantry DivisionNear Munye-ri, KoreaMay 21, 1951[22]
Miguel-vera-united-states-army-medal-of-honor.jpgVera, Miguel A.Miguel A. VeraPrivateArmyCompany F, 2d Battalion, 38th Infantry Regiment, 2d Infantry Division.Chorwon, South KoreaSept. 21, 1952[18]

Vietnam War[edit]

      This with the * indicates that the Medal of Honor was awarded posthumously

ImageNameRankBranchUnitPlace of actionDate of actionNotes/Reference
Alvarado, Leonard L.Leonard L. AlvaradoSpecialist FourArmyCompany D, 2d Battalion, 12th Cavalry, 1st Cavalry Division.Phuoc Long province, South VietnamAug. 12, 1969[18]
JBaca.jpgBaca, John P.John P. BacaSpecialist FourArmyCompany D, 1st Battalion, 12th Cavalry, 1st Cavalry DivisionPhuoc Long ProvinceFebruary 10, 1970[23]
Benavidez.jpgBenavidez, Roy P.Roy P. BenavidezMaster SergeantArmyDetachment B-56, 5th Special ForcesLoc Ninh, VietnamMay 2, 1968[23]
Felix-conde-falcon-united-states-army-medal-of-honor.jpgConde-Falcon, Felix M.Felix M. Conde-FalconStaff SergeantArmyCompany D, 1st Battalion, 505th Infantry, 3d Brigade, 82d Airborne Division.Ap Tan Hoa, South VietnamApril 4, 1969[18]
Delagarza EA.jpgDe La Garza, Emilio A.Emilio A. De La Garza*Lance CorporalMarine CorpsCompany E
2nd Battalion, 1st Marines
Da NangApril 11, 1970[23]
Dias RE USMC.jpgDias, Ralph E.Ralph E. Dias*Private First ClassMarine Corps1st Battalion, 7th MarinesQuang Nam ProvinceNovember 12, 1969[23]
Duran, Jesus S.Jesus S. DuranSpecialist FourArmyCompany E, 2d Battalion, 5th Cavalry, 1st Cavalry Division (Airmobile).South VietnamApril 10, 1969Mounting a log, he fired directly into the enemy's foxholes and eliminated four of them and several others as they fled.[18]
President Barack H. Obama, background, presents a Medal of Honor to former U.S. Army Sgt. Santiago J. Erevia during a ceremony March 18, 2014, in the White House in Washington, D.C. Erevia received the award for 140318-A-KH856-004.jpgErevia, Santiago J.Santiago J. EreviaSpecialist FourArmyCompany C, 1st Battalion (Airmobile), 501st Infantry Regiment, 101st Airborne DivisionTam KyMay 1969[24][25]
Daniel Fernandez.jpgFernandez, DanielDaniel Fernandez*Specialist FourArmyCompany C, 1st Battalion, 5th Infantry (Mechanized) 25th Infantry DivisionHau Nghia ProvinceFebruary 18, 1966[23]
Garcia, CandelarioCandelario GarciaSergeantArmyLai Khe, South VietnamDec. 8, 1968[18]
Sgt Freddy Gonzalez.jpgGonzalez, Alfredo CantuAlfredo Cantu Gonzalez*SergeantMarine CorpsCompany A
1st Battalion, 1st Marines
Hue CityFebruary 4, 1968[23]
Jimenez JF.jpgJimenez, Jose FranciscoJose Francisco Jimenez*Lance CorporalMarine CorpsCompany K
3rd Battalion, 7th Marines
1st Marine Division
Quang Nam ProvinceAugust 28, 1969[23]
Keith M.jpgKeith, MiguelMiguel Keith*Lance CorporalMarine CorpsIII Marine Amphibious ForceQuang Ngai ProvinceMay 8, 1970[23]
Carlos Lozada.JPGLozada, CarlosCarlos Lozada*Private First ClassArmyCompany A, 2nd Battalion, 502d Infantry, 173d Airborne BrigadeDak ToNovember 20, 1967[23]
Alfred Rascon.jpgRascon, Alfred V.Alfred V. RasconSpecialist FourArmyReconnaissance Platoon, Headquarters Company, 1st Battalion (Airborne),
503rd Infantry,173d Airborne Brigade
Republic of VietnamMarch 16, 1966[26]
Louis Rocco.jpgRocco, Louis R.Louis R. RoccoSergeant First ClassArmyAdvisory Team 162, United States Military Assistance CommandNortheast of Katum, Republic of VietnamMay 24, 1970[26]
President Barack H. Obama, left, presents a Medal of Honor to former U.S. Army Master Sgt. Jose Rodela during a ceremony March 18, 2014, in the White House in Washington, D.C. The former Soldier received 140318-A-KH856-008.jpgRodela , Jose Jose RodelaSergeant First ClassArmyDetachment B-36, Company A, 5th Special Forces Group (Airborne), 1st Special Forces .Phuoc Long Province, South VietnamSeptember 1, 1969For actions during combat operations against an armed enemy .[18]
Euripides Rubio.jpgRubio, EuripidesEuripides Rubio*CaptainArmyHeadquarters and Headquarters Company, 1st Battalion, 28th Infantry, 1st Infantry DivisionTay Ninh ProvinceNovember 8, 1966[26]
HectorSantiagoColon.jpgSantiago-Colon, HectorHector Santiago-Colon*Specialist FourArmyCompany B, 5th Battalion, 7th Cavalry, 1st Cavalry Division (airmobile)Quang Tri ProvinceJune 28, 1968[26]
E.Rodrigues Smith.jpgSmith, Elmelindo RodriguesElmelindo Rodrigues Smith*Sergeant First ClassArmyCompany C, 2d Battalion, 8th Infantry, 4th Infantry DivisionRepublic of VietnamFebruary 16, 1967[26]
Vargas USMC MOH.jpgVargas, Jay R.Jay R. VargasCaptainMarine CorpsCompany G
2nd Battalion, 4th Marines
9th Marine Amphibious Brigade
Dai DoApril 30, 1968May 2, 1968[26]
MOH Versace.jpgVersace, Humbert RoqueHumbert Roque Versace*CaptainArmyDetachment A-23, 5th Special Forces GroupAn Xuyen ProvinceOctober 29, 1963September 26, 1965[26]
Yabes, MaximoMaximo Yabes*First SergeantArmyCompany A, 4th Battalion, 9th Infantry, 25th Infantry DivisionNear Phu Hoa DongFebruary 26, 1967[26]

War in Afghanistan[edit]

ImageNameRankBranchUnitPlace of actionDate of actionNotes/Reference
Leroy A Petry.jpgPetry, LeroyLeroy PetrySergeant First ClassArmy75th Ranger RegimentAfghanistanMay 26, 2008An enemy threw a grenade at their position which landed 10 meters from them; it detonated, knocked them to the ground, wounded Higgins, and Robinson was further wounded.[27][28] Shortly thereafter the three were joined by SSG James Roberts and SPC Christopher Gathercole. Another grenade was thrown by an enemy which landed a few feet from Higgins and Robinson. Petry, knowing the risk to his life, moved toward the grenade, picked it up, and attempted to throw it in the direction of the enemy.[27][28][29][30]

By military branch[edit]

Awards by branch of service
Military
branch
PosthumouslyIn personNumber of
awards
Army301646
Marines11213
Navy022
Total412061

Note: The information in "Awards by branch of service Table" is based on the sourced information on the "List of Recipients Table".

See also[edit]

References[edit]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Army Center of Military History.
  1. ^ "A Brief History — The Medal of Honor". Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ). Department of Defense. August 8, 2006. Retrieved February 9, 2010. 
  2. ^ "Hispanic American Medal of Honor recipients". United States Army Center of Military History. Retrieved January 24, 2010. 
  3. ^ Medal of Honor recipient of Hispanic Heritage, Hispanic America USA, Retrieved July 29, 2008
  4. ^ Local hero no longer forgotten, Retrieved July 29, 2008 Archived March 18, 2008 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ Pub.L. 107–107
  6. ^ "Obama to Award Medal of Honor to 24 Army Veterans - ABC News". abcnews.go.com. Retrieved 2014-02-22. 
  7. ^ Puerto Rican Medal of Honor recipients, Oakland Tribune, Retrieved July 29, 2008
  8. ^ "Hispanic of Filipino ancestry to receive the medal". Somos Primos. Somos Primos. Retrieved March 2007. 
  9. ^ 22 Asian Americans Inducted into Hall of Heroes, El Boricua, Retrieved July 29, 2008
  10. ^ 1st Lieutenant Baldomero Lopez, USMC, Association of Naval Services Officers, Retrieved July 29, 2008
  11. ^ Mishalov, Neil; Versace MoH Citation excerpts from:The Washington Post, July 8, 2002; By Steve Vogel, The Washington Times; July 4, 2002; By Ellen Sorokin; The Washington Post; May 27, 2001; Stars and Stripes; January 18, 2001; By Dave Eberhart, Stars and Stripes Veterans Affairs Editor, Stars and Stripes; July 18, 2000; By Dave Eberhart, Stars and Stripes Veterans Affairs Editor and Stars and Stripes; Oct 7, 2000; By Mike Faber, Stars and Stripes Contributing Writer, Retrieved July 29, 2008
  12. ^ Hispanic Population of the United States: Current Population - Survey Definition and Background, United States Census Bureau, November 2, 2000, Retrieved December 28, 2007
  13. ^ a b "Medal of Honor recipients - Civil War A-L". United States Army Center of Military History. August 6, 2009. Retrieved January 16, 2010. 
  14. ^ "Medal of Honor recipients - Civil War M-Z". United States Army Center of Military History. August 3, 2009. Retrieved January 16, 2010. 
  15. ^ "Medal of Honor recipients - China Relief Expedition (Boxer Rebellion)". United States Army Center of Military History. August 3, 2009. Retrieved January 16, 2010. 
  16. ^ "Medal of Honor recipients - World War I". United States Army Center of Military History. August 3, 2009. Retrieved January 16, 2010. 
  17. ^ "Medal of Honor recipients - World War II (A–F)". United States Army Center of Military History. August 3, 2009. Retrieved January 16, 2010. 
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q to award Medal of Honor to 24 Army veterans
  19. ^ a b c d e "Medal of Honor recipients - World War II (G–L)". U.S. United States Army Center of Military History. August 3, 2009. Retrieved January 16, 2010. [dead link]
  20. ^ a b c d "Medal of Honor recipients - World War II (M-S)". United States Army Center of Military History. August 3, 2009. Retrieved January 16, 2010. 
  21. ^ a b "Medal of Honor recipients - World War II (T–Z)". United States Army Center of Military History. August 3, 2009. Retrieved January 16, 2010. 
  22. ^ a b c d e f g h "Medal of Honor recipients - Korean War". United States Army Center of Military History. August 3, 2009. Retrieved January 16, 2010. 
  23. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Medal of Honor recipients - Vietnam (A-L)". United States Army Center of Military History. August 3, 2009. Retrieved January 16, 2010. 
  24. ^ Vergun, David (21 February 2014). "President announces 24 Soldiers to receive Medals of Honor". Army News Service. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  25. ^ Wilson, Scott (21 February 2014). "Obama to award Medal of Honor to two dozen veterans, including 19 discrimination victims". Washington Post. Retrieved 22 February 2014. 
  26. ^ a b c d e f g h "Medal of Honor recipients - Vietnam (M-Z)". United States Army Center of Military History. August 3, 2009. Retrieved January 16, 2010. 
  27. ^ a b "Wounded Soldier to receive Medal of Honor for action in Afghanistan". Army News Service. United States Army. 1 June 2011. Retrieved 1 June 2011. 
  28. ^ a b Jason Ukman (12 July 2011). "Leroy Petry, Army Ranger, awarded Medal of Honor". Washington Post. Retrieved 14 July 2011. 
  29. ^ "Wash. soldier awarded Medal of Honor". KGW. 12 July 2011. Retrieved 14 July 2011. 
  30. ^ "Latino Soldier Receives Medal of Honor"; By Damarys Ocana

External links[edit]