List of Heisman Trophy winners

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Heisman Trophy
HeismanTrophyLogo.png
Awarded forThe outstanding college football player whose performance best exhibits the pursuit of excellence with integrity. Winners epitomize great ability combined with diligence, perseverance, and hard work.
LocationBest Buy Theater, Times Square, Manhattan
Presented byDowntown Athletic Club (1937–2001)
Yale Club (2002–2003)
The Heisman Trust (2004–current)
First awardedDecember 9, 1935 to Jay Berwanger
Currently held byJameis Winston
Official websitehttp://www.heisman.com/
 
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Heisman Trophy
HeismanTrophyLogo.png
Awarded forThe outstanding college football player whose performance best exhibits the pursuit of excellence with integrity. Winners epitomize great ability combined with diligence, perseverance, and hard work.
LocationBest Buy Theater, Times Square, Manhattan
Presented byDowntown Athletic Club (1937–2001)
Yale Club (2002–2003)
The Heisman Trust (2004–current)
First awardedDecember 9, 1935 to Jay Berwanger
Currently held byJameis Winston
Official websitehttp://www.heisman.com/

The Heisman Trophy, one of the highest individual awards in the American college football, has been awarded 78 times since its creation in 1935, including 77 individual winners and one two-time winner. (The 2005 award was declared vacant subsequent to it having been awarded to an ineligible player, so only 76 individuals are officially recognized as having won the award.) The trophy is given annually to the most outstanding college football Player in the National Collegiate Athletic Association, and is awarded by the Heisman Trust, successors of the awards from the Downtown Athletic Club at an annual ceremony at the Nokia Theatre in New York City.

In 1935, the award, then known as the DAC Trophy, was created by New York City's Downtown Athletic Club to recognize the best college football player "east of the Mississippi River".[1] In that inaugural year, the award went to Jay Berwanger from the University of Chicago. Berwanger was later drafted by the Philadelphia Eagles of the National Football League but declined to sign for them. He never played professional football for any team, instead choosing to pursue a career in business.[2] In 1936, the club's athletic director, football pioneer John Heisman, died and the trophy was renamed in his honor. Larry Kelley, the second winner of the award, was the first person to win it as the "Heisman Trophy".[3] In addition to the name change, the award also became a nationwide achievement. With the new name, players west of the Mississippi became eligible, though the first player from the western United States was not selected until 1938.[1] Only one player, Ohio State's Archie Griffin, has won the award twice.[4]

Between 1936 and 2001, the award was given at an annual gala ceremony at the Downtown Athletic Club in New York City. The Downtown Athletic Club's facilities were damaged during the September 11, 2001 attacks. Due to financial difficulties stemming from the damage, the DAC declared bankruptcy in 2002, turning over its building to creditors. Following the club's bankruptcy and the loss of the original Downtown Athletic Club building,[5] the Yale Club of New York City assumed presenting honors in 2002 and 2003.[6] The ceremony was moved to the New York Marriott Marquis in Times Square for the 2002, 2003, and 2004 presentations, but since 2005, the event has been held at the Best Buy Theater, also in Times Square.[7] The move to the Best Buy Theater allowed the Downtown Athletic Club (and ultimately, the award's successor, The Heisman Trust) to resume full control of the event—the most prominent example of which was the return of the official portraits of past winners—despite the loss of the original presentation hall.[8]

In terms of balloting, the fifty states of the U.S. are split into six regions, and six regional representatives are selected to appoint voters in their states (the regions include the Far West, the Mid Atlantic, Mid West, North East, South, and South West).[9] Each region has 145 media votes, for a total of 870 votes. In addition, all previous Heisman winners may vote, and one final vote is counted through public balloting. The Heisman ballots contain a 3-2-1 point system, in which each ballot ranks the voter's top three players and awards them three points for a first-place vote, two points for a second-place vote, and one point for a third-place vote. The points are tabulated, and the player with the highest total of points across all ballots wins the Heisman Trophy.[10]

Key[edit]

*First overall draft pick in the NFL Draft
Inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame
First overall draft pick and inducted into the Pro Football Hall of Fame

List of Heisman winners[edit]

Heisman Winners
YearImageNameSchoolPositionPoints % of Points Possible[11]Non-senior?
1935
Berwanger, JayJay Berwanger*ChicagoHalfback8443.08%
1936
Kelley, LarryLarry KelleyYaleEnd21936.41%
1937
Frank, ClintClint FrankYaleHalfback52432.89%
1938
O'Brien, DaveyDavey O'BrienTCUQuarterback51929.62%
1939A picture of Nile Kinnick posing.Kinnick, NileNile KinnickIowaQuarterback65131.00%
1940A picture of Tom Harmon posing.Harmon, TomTom Harmon*MichiganHalfback1,30354.29%
1941A picture of Bruce SmithSmith, BruceBruce SmithMinnesotaHalfback55449.99%
1942
Frank Sinkwich*GeorgiaHalfback1,05999.69%
1943
Bertelli, AngeloAngelo Bertelli*Notre DameQuarterback64864.80%
1944
Horvath, LesLes HorvathOhio StateQuarterback/Halfback41218.31%
1945A picture of Doc Blanchard posing.Blanchard, DocDoc BlanchardArmyFullback86033.81%Junior
1946A picture of Glenn Davis posing.Davis, GlennGlenn DavisArmyHalfback79279.20%
1947
Lujack, JohnnyJohnny LujackNotre DameQuarterback74274.20%
1948
Walker, DoakDoak WalkerSMUHalfback77828.56%Junior
1949
Hart, LeonLeon Hart*Notre DameEnd99536.53%
1950
Janowicz, VicVic JanowiczOhio StateHalfback/Punter63322.03%Junior
1951
Kazmaier, DickDick KazmaierPrincetonHalfback1,77760.01%
1952
Vessels, BillyBilly VesselsOklahomaHalfback52514.32%
1953A picture of Johnny Lattner posing.Lattner, JohnnyJohnny LattnerNotre DameHalfback1,85049.14%
1954
Ameche, AlanAlan AmecheWisconsinFullback1,06827.01%
1955A picture of Howard Cassady posing.Cassady, HowardHoward CassadyOhio StateHalfback2,21955.87%
1956
Hornung, PaulPaul HornungNotre DameQuarterback1,06626.96%
1957A picture of John David Crow posing.Crow, John DavidJohn David CrowTexas A&MHalfback1,18331.12%
1958A picture of Pete Dawkins posing.Dawkins, PetePete DawkinsArmyHalfback1,39439.01%
1959
Cannon, BillyBilly Cannon*LSUHalfback1,92953.72%
1960
Bellino, JoeJoe BellinoNavyHalfback1,79352.89%
1961
Davis, ErnieErnie Davis*SyracuseHalfback/Linebacker/Fullback82425.18%
1962
Baker, TerryTerry Baker*Oregon StateQuarterback70721.25%
1963Staubach cowboys qb.jpgStaubach, RogerRoger StaubachNavyQuarterback1,86055.21%Junior
1964
Huarte, JohnJohn HuarteNotre DameQuarterback1,02630.98%
1965A picture of Mike Garrett speaking.Garrett, MikeMike GarrettUSCHalfback92626.61%
1966A picture of Steve Spurrier while coaching.Spurrier, SteveSteve SpurrierFloridaQuarterback1,67948.25%
1967
Beban, GaryGary BebanUCLAQuarterback1,96863.50%
1968A picture of O.J. Simpson posing.Simpson, O. J.O. J. SimpsonUSCHalfback2,85380.64%
1969
Owens, SteveSteve OwensOklahomaFullback1,48840.92%
1970A picture of Jim Plunkett on a phone.Plunkett, JimJim Plunkett*StanfordQuarterback2,22958.78%
1971
Sullivan, PatPat SullivanAuburnQuarterback1,59742.25%
1972
Rodgers, JohnnyJohnny RodgersNebraskaWide Receiver/Running back1,31038.75%
1973
Cappelletti, JohnJohn CappellettiPenn StateRunning back1,05732.78%
1974A picture of Archie Griffin on a phone.Griffin, ArchieArchie GriffinOhio StateRunning back1,92059.53%Junior
1975Griffin, ArchieArchie GriffinOhio StateRunning back1,80057.64%
1976A picture of Tony Dorsett on a phone.Dorsett, TonyTony DorsettPittsburghRunning back2,35774.97%
1977A picture of Earl Campbell on a phone.Campbell, EarlEarl CampbellTexasRunning back1,54749.11%
1978
Sims, BillyBilly Sims*OklahomaRunning back1,89626.25%Junior
1979
White, CharlesCharles WhiteUSCRunning back1,69553.81%
1980
Rogers, GeorgeGeorge Rogers*South CarolinaRunning back1,12835.81%
1981A picture of Marcus Allen golfing.Allen, MarcusMarcus AllenUSCRunning back1,79757.05%
1982A picture of Herschel Walker posing.Walker, HerschelHerschel WalkerGeorgiaRunning back1,92661.14%Junior
1983
Rozier, MikeMike RozierNebraskaRunning back1,80157.17%
1984A picture of Doug Flutie posing.Flutie, DougDoug FlutieBoston CollegeQuarterback2,24071.11%
1985A picture of Bo Jackson signing a football.Jackson, BoBo Jackson*AuburnRunning back1,50947.90%
1986A picture of Vinny Testaverde while throwing a football.Testaverde, VinnyVinny Testaverde*MiamiQuarterback2,21370.25%
1987A picture of Tim Brown wearing a jersey.Brown, TimTim BrownNotre DameWide receiver1,44245.78%
1988A picture of Barry Sanders posing.Sanders, BarryBarry SandersOklahoma StateRunning back1,87868.27%Junior
1989A picture of Andre Ware wearing pads.Ware, AndreAndre WareHoustonQuarterback1,07338.96%
1990A picture of Ty Detmer wearing a button down.Detmer, TyTy DetmerBYUQuarterback1,48253.87%Junior
1991A picture of Desmond Howard wearing a suit.Howard, DesmondDesmond HowardMichiganWide receiver/Punt returner2,07775.50%
1992A picture of Gino Torreta posing.Torretta, GinoGino TorrettaMiamiQuarterback1,40050.84%
1993A picture of Charlie Ward wearing a football uniform.Ward, CharlieCharlie WardFlorida StateQuarterback2,31083.79%
1994
Salaam, RashaanRashaan SalaamColoradoRunning back1,74363.15%
1995A picture of Eddie George wearing sunglasses.George, EddieEddie GeorgeOhio StateRunning back1,46052.84%
1996A picture of Danny Wuerffel giving a speech.Wuerffel, DannyDanny WuerffelFloridaQuarterback1,36349.38%
1997A picture of Charles Woodson signing an autograph.Woodson, CharlesCharles WoodsonMichiganCornerback/Punt returner1,81565.69%
1998A picture of Ricky Williams while playing for the Dolphins.Williams, RickyRicky WilliamsTexasRunning back2,35585.23%
1999
Dayne, RonRon DayneWisconsinRunning back2,04273.83%
2000A picture of Chris Weinke at a podium.Weinke, ChrisChris WeinkeFlorida StateQuarterback1,62858.86%
2001
Crouch, EricEric CrouchNebraskaQuarterback77027.75%
2002A picture of Carson Palmer playing for the Raiders.Palmer, CarsonCarson Palmer*USCQuarterback1,32848.01%
2003A picture of Jason White while with the Sooners.White, JasonJason WhiteOklahomaQuarterback1,48153.54%Junior
2004A picture of Matt Leinart holding his Heisman trophy.Leinart, MattMatt LeinartUSCQuarterback1,32547.85%Junior
2005A picture of Reggie Bush at a USC celebration.Reggie Bush[N 1]USCRunning Back2,54191.77%
2006A picture of Troy Smith throwing a pass.Smith, TroyTroy SmithOhio StateQuarterback2,54091.63%
2007A picture of Tim Tebow throwing a pass.Tebow, TimTim TebowFloridaQuarterback1,95770.52%Sophomore
2008A picture of Sam Bradford while with the Rams.Bradford, SamSam Bradford*OklahomaQuarterback1,72662.13%Sophomore
2009A picture of Mark Ingram at the White House.Ingram, Jr., MarkMark Ingram, Jr.AlabamaRunning back1,30446.99%Sophomore
2010A picture of Cam Newton with glasses on.Newton, CamCam Newton*AuburnQuarterback2,26381.55%
2011A picture of Robert Griffin posing.Griffin III, RobertRobert Griffin IIIBaylorQuarterback1,68760.66%
2012A picture of Johnny Manziel while holding the football during a game.Manziel, JohnnyJohnny ManzielTexas A&MQuarterback2,02972.88%Freshman
2013A picture of Jameis Winston while shaking someone's hand.Winston, JameisJameis WinstonFlorida StateQuarterback2,20579.20%Freshman

Trophies won by school[edit]

This is a list of the colleges and universities who have had a player win a Heisman trophy: Ohio State and Notre Dame are tied for the most trophies at 7 each (USC's 7th having been vacated). Ohio State has the distinction of the only two time winner, Archie Griffin, leaving their total players to have won the trophy at six. In total, players from 38 different schools have won a Heisman Trophy, while 17 schools have more than one trophy.

SchoolTrophies
held
Notre Dame7
Ohio State7
USC6
Oklahoma5
Army3
Auburn3
Florida3
Florida State3
Michigan3
Nebraska3
Georgia2
Miami2
Navy2
Texas2
Texas A&M2
Wisconsin2
Yale2
Alabama1
Baylor1
BYU1
Boston College1
Colorado1
Chicago1
Houston1
Iowa1
LSU1
Minnesota1
Oklahoma State1
Oregon State1
Penn State1
Pittsburgh1
Princeton1
South Carolina1
SMU1
Stanford1
Syracuse1
TCU1
UCLA1

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Reggie Bush was the original winner of the Heisman for the 2005 season with 2,541 points and 91.77% of the points possible.[12] His title and trophy were later removed after Bush was found to have received improper benefits as an amateur.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lighten up. (Heisman Trophy)[dead link] Mark Purdy, The Sporting News, encyclopedia.com. December 5, 1994. Accessed March 8, 2008. (Site defunct prior to 9/10)
  2. ^ Jay Berwanger, first winner of the Heisman Trophy, 1914–2002 Julia Morse, University of Chicago News Office. Chicago, Illinois. June 27, 2002. Accessed March 7, 2008.
  3. ^ "The Heisman Trophy". heisman.com. Retrieved 2012-01-02. 
  4. ^ Archie Griffin Heisman.com. Accessed December 23, 2012.
  5. ^ New York landmark's closing leaves Heisman homeless Wayne Drehs, ESPN.com. July 22, 2004. Accessed March 8, 2008.
  6. ^ 9-11 Forces Heisman to Move to Yale Club[dead link] Christopher Hunt, New York Daily News. June 26, 2002. Accessed March 8, 2008.
  7. ^ "Downtown Athletic Club". nyc-architecture.com. Retrieved 2008-03-07. 
  8. ^ Bush runs away with Heisman Trophy Ivan Maisel, ESPN.com. December 10, 2005. Accessed March 8, 2008.
  9. ^ Expanded Heisman Trophy Voting Results MSNBC.com. Accessed March 8, 2008.
  10. ^ "Heisman Trophy Balloting". heisman.com. Retrieved 2012-01-02. 
  11. ^ Chisholm, Kari. "A plea to sportswriters for statistical accuracy". Stiff Arm Trophy. Retrieved 19 December 2011. 
  12. ^ http://sports.espn.go.com/ncf/news/story?id=2255184

External links[edit]