List of asanas

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Hatha yoga asanas were first described in the sutras. In modern times as more books were written by different yogi or guru, the nomenclature has diverged. For example Hanumanasana, the supported version of which is typically called "Runner's Stretch" by Kripalu practitioners. Also, a "Flat Back Forward Bend" in the Shivananda system is referred to as "Stretching Pose" in both Ashtanga Vinyasa Yoga and Bikram Yoga.[citation needed]

Sanskrit transliterationSanskritEnglishImageClassification
Adho Mukha Śvānāsanaअधोमुखश्वानासनDownward-Facing Dog PoseAdo-muka-shvanasana.jpgArm Balance and Forward Bend.
Adho Mukha Vṛkṣāsanaअधोमुखवृक्षासनDownward-Facing Tree (Full Arm Balance)AcroDanceHandstand.jpgArm Balance
Ākarṇa Dhanurāsanaआकर्णधनुरासनBow posture up to earForward Bend (Paschima Pratana Sthiti)
Anantāsanaअनन्तासनAnanta was a beast that would transport lord VishnuAnantāsana-posture of ananta.jpgSupine Leg stretch
Anjaneyasanaअञ्नेयरासनHonorable PoseCaptura de pantalla 2011-05-01 a las 12.13.14.pngStanding asana (Hip opener)
Ardha Candrāsanaअर्धचन्द्रासनHalf moonArdha-Chandrasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpgStanding asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Ardha Matsyendrāsanaअर्धमत्स्येन्द्रासनHalf lord of the fishes poseArdha-Matsyendrasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpgTwisting (Parivrrta Sthiti)
Ardha Navāsanaअर्धनावासनHalf boat postureArdha Navāsana-half-boat.jpgAbdominal asana (Udara Akunchana Sthiti)
Aṣṭāvakrāsanaअर्धमत्स्येन्द्रासनAstavarkra's pose. Astavakra was a sage that appears in the MahabarataAstavakrasana.jpgArm Balance
Baddha Koṇāsanaबद्धकोणसनBound angleBaddha Koṇāsana-bound angle.jpgSitting asana/Forward Bend (Upavista Sthiti/Paschima Pratana Sthiti)
BakāsanaबकासनCraneBakasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpgArm Balance
BālāsanaबालासनChild's PoseBalasana.JPGKneeling forward bend
Bharadvājāsanaभरद्वाजासनBharadvaja's twistBharadvajasana1 (cropped).JPGTwisting (Parivrrta Sthiti)
BhekāsanaभेकासनFrogBhekāsana-frog.jpgBackbend (Extension) (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Bhujaṅgāsanaभुजङ्गासनCobraBhujangasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpgBackbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
BhujapīḍāsanaभुजपीडासनArm-pressing postureBhujapidasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpgArm balance
Bidalasanaव्यघ्रसनCat PoseKneeling
Caturaṅga Daṇḍāsanaचतुरङ्गदण्डासनFour-Limbed StaffChaturanga-Dandasana low Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpgArm Balance
Daṇḍāsanaदण्डासनStaff poseDandasana yoga posture.jpgSitting asana (Upavista Sthiti)
DhanurāsanaधनुरासनBowDhanurasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpgBackbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Dvi Pāda SirsāsanaBoth feet behind headForward Bend (Paschima Pratana Sthiti)
Dvi Pāda Viparīta Daṇḍāsanaद्विपदविपरितदन्दसनTwo-Legged Inverted Staff PoseDwi Pada Viparita Dandasana.jpgBackbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Eka Pada Koundinyāsana Iएक पद कोउन्दिन्यासनTwisted one legged arm balance / Koundiya was the name of a sageParivritta Eka Pada Koundinyasana.JPGArm balance
Eka Pada Koundinyāsana IIएक पद कोउन्दिन्यासनone legged arm balance with straight legs / Koundiya was the name of a sageEka Pada koundinyasana.JPGArm balance
Eka Pāda Rājakapotāsana IएकपादरजकपोतसनOne-Legged King PigeonEka-Pada-Raja-Kapotasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpgBackbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Ekapādaśīrṣāsanaएकपादशीर्षासनFoot behind Head PoseForward Bend (Paschima Pratana Sthiti)
Eka pāda śīrṣāsanaएकपादशीर्षासनOne legged supported head balanceInverted asana (Viparita Sthiti)
Garbhāsanaगर्भासनFetusBalasana or garbhasana.jpg
GaruḍāsanaगरुडासनEagle poseGarudasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpgStanding asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
GomukhāsanaगोमुखासनCow faced poseGomukhasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpgSitting asana (Upavista Sthiti)
Guptasanaगुप्तसन
HalāsanaहलासनPloughHalasana.jpgInverted asana (Viparita Sthiti)
HanumanāsanaहनुमनासनMonkey PoseHanumanasana - Hanuman's Posture - in Diagonal View.jpgLeg Stretch
Jānuśīrṣāsanaजानुशीर्षासनHead-to-Knee Forward BendJanusirsasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpgForward Bend (Paschima Pratana Sthiti)
Jaṭharaparivartanāsanaजठरपरिवर्तनासनBelly-revolving posture
KarṇapīḍāsanaकपोतासनEar-pressingKarnapidasana.jpgInverted asana (Viparita Sthiti)
Krāuñcāsanaक्रौञ्चासनHeron
Kukkuṭāsanaकुक्कुटासनCockerelKukkutasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpgArm Balance
Kūrmāsanaकूर्मासनTortoiseKurmasana.jpgForward Bend (Paschima Pratana Sthiti)
LolāsanaलोलासनPendant
Mahāmudrāमहामुद्राThe great seal postureForward Bend (Paschima Pratana Sthiti)
MakarāsanaमकरासनCrocodileMakarasana Asana (Crocodile Posture).jpg
Maṇḍalāsanaमण्डलासनCircle
Marjaryasanaर्जर्यअसनCat pose
Matsyāsanaमत्स्यासनFishMatsyasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpgSupine backbend
Matsyendrāsanaमत्स्येन्द्रासनLord of the FishesTwisting (Parivrrta Sthiti)
MayūrāsanaमयूरासनPeacockPeacock pose.jpgArm Balance
Muktahastaśīrṣāsanaमुक्तहस्तशीर्षासनHead standInverted asana (Viparita Sthiti)
Muktasanaमुक्तसनThe liberated Pose
NaṭarājāsanaनटराजासनDancer or Lord of the DanceNatarajasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpgBackbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Nirālambasarvāṅgāsanaनिरालम्बसर्वाङ्गासनUnsupported shoulder standInversion (Viparita Sthiti)
Pādahastāsanaपादहस्तासनStanding Forward BendPadahastasana yoga posture.jpgStanding asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Padma PinyamayurasanaPeacock Feather Pose with legs in Padmasana/Elbow BalanceUrdhva padmasana.jpgArm Balance
Padmāsanaपद्मासनLotusTanumânasî en Meditacion Loto Padmasana.JPGSitting asana (Upavista Sthiti)
Paripūrṇanāvāsanaपरिपूर्णनावासनFull BoatParipurna-Navasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpgAbdominal asana (Udara Akunchana Sthiti)
ParivṛttabaddhapārśvakoṇāsanaRevolved Side AngleParivrtta-Baddha-Parsvakonasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpgAsymmetrical standing twist with hand lock
Parivrtta Pārśvakonasanaपरिवृत्तपार्श्वकोणासनRevolved Side AngleRevolved Lunge.jpgTwisting (Parivrrta Sthiti)
Parivṛttatrikoṇāsanaपरिवृत्तत्रिकोणासनRevolved TriangleTwisting (Parivrrta Sthiti)
ParsvottanāsanaIntense stretch to the sideParshvottanasana.jpgStanding asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Paryaṅkāsanaपर्यङ्कासनCouch PoseSitting asana (Upavista Sthiti)
PāśāsanaपाशासनNoosePasasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpgTwisting (Parivrrta Sthiti)
पश्चिमोत्तानासनExtension of the posterior (western) part of the bodyPaschimotanasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpgForward Bend (Paschima Prattana Sthiti)
Prasāritapādottānāsanaप्रसारितपादोत्तानासनWide Stance Forward BendStanding asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
RajakapotāsanaकपोतासनKing PigeonKapotasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpgBackbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
ŚalabhāsanaशलभासनLocustSalabhasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpgBackbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Salamba Sarvāṅgāsana Iसर्वाङ्गासनShoulder StandSarvangasana.jpgInversion (Viparita Sthiti)
Salamba Śīrṣāsana Iशीर्षासनSupported HeadstandShirshasana.jpgInversion (Viparita Sthiti)
SamakoṇāsanaसमकोणासनStraight angle
Samasthitiḥसमस्थितिःEqual StandingTadasana - Yoga Art and Science.jpgStanding asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
SasangasanaशसांगासनाRabbitRabbit pose.jpg
शवासनCorpse PoseShavasana.jpgResting asana (Visranta Karaka Asana)
Sethubandasanaसेतुबन्धसनBridge PoseBackbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Setubandhasarvāṅgāsanaसेतुबन्धसर्वाङ्गासनShoulder supported BridgeBackbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Siddhāsanaसिद्धासनSiddhi's PoseSidhasana.JPGSitting asana (Upavista Sthiti)
SiṁhāsanaसिंहासनLionSimhasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpg
SukhāsanaसुखासनAuspicious (Easy) PoseSukkasana.jpgSitting asana (Upavista Sthiti)
Suptabaddhakoṇāsanaसुप्तभदकोणासनReclining Bound AngleResting asana (Visranta Karaka Asana)
Suptakoṇāsanaसुप्तकोणासनAngleInversion (Viparita Sthiti)
Supta Padangustasana ICatching the big toe supine poseArdha maerudhandaasana.jpgSupine Leg strech
Suptavajrāsanaसुप्तवज्रासनThunderbolt
Suptavīrāsanaसुप्तवीरासनReclining HeroSupta-Virasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpgResting asana (Visrana Karaka Asana)
Svastikāsanaस्वस्तिकासनCross PoseSitting asana (Upavista Sthiti)
TāḍāsanaताडासनMountain PoseTadasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpgStanding asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Tiṭṭibhāsanaटिट्टिभासनInsect PoseArm balance
Trikoṇāsanaत्रिकोणासनTriangleTrikonasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpgStanding asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
TulāsanaतुलासनBalance postureYoga-tulasana.JPGArm Balance
Uḍḍīyānabandhaउड्डीयानबन्धThe abdominal lock
UpavesāsanaSitting Down PoseStanding asana
Upaviṣṭakoṇāsanaउपविष्टकोणासनOpen AngleForward Bend (Paschima Pratana Sthiti)
Urdhva Dhanurasanaचक्रासनUpwards-facing bowChakrasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpgBackbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Ūrdhvamukhaśvānāsanaऊर्ध्वमुखश्वानासनUpward-Facing DogUpward-facing dog pose.jpgBackbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Uṣṭrāsanaउष्ठासनCamelUstrasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpgBackbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)
Utkaṭāsanaउत्कटासनAwkward Pose/Powerful poseUtkatasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpgStanding asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Uttanakūrmāsanaउत्तानकूर्मासनInverted Tortoise
Uttānāsanaउत्तानासनStanding Forward BendUttanasana.jpgStanding asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Utthitahastapādāṅguṣṭhāsanaउत्थितहस्तपादाङ्गुष्ठासनStanding Big Toe HoldUtthita-Hasta-Padangusthasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpgStanding asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Utthitapārśvakoṇāsanaउत्थितपार्श्वकोणासनExtended Side AngleUtthita-Parshvakonasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpgStanding asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Uttihita PārśvakonasanaExtended Side Angle PoseStanding asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Vajrāsanaवज्रासनThunderboltVajrasana.jpgSitting asana (Upavista Sthiti)
Vasiṣṭhāsanaवसिष्ठासनVasista's pose/Vasista is the name of a sageYoga PLank.jpgArm Balance (Side Plank Pose)
VātāyanāsanaवातायनासनHorseStanding asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
ViparītakaraṇiविपरीतकरणिLegs-up-the-WallViparita-Karani Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpgInverted asana (Viparita Sthiti)
Vīrabhadrāsana Iवीरभद्रासनWarrior IVirabhadrasana I - Warrior Pose I.jpgStanding asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Vīrabhadrāsana IIवीरभद्रासन IIWarrior IIWarrior II.jpgStanding asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Vīrabhadrāsana IIIवीरभद्रासन IIIWarrior IIITuladandasana.jpgStanding asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
VīrāsanaवीरासनHeroVirasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpgSitting asana (Upavista Sthiti)
Vṛkṣāsanaवृक्षासनTreeVriksasana Yoga-Asana Nina-Mel.jpgStanding asana (Uttihista Sthiti)
Vṛścikāsanaवृश्चिकासनscorpionBackbend (Purva Pratana Sthiti)

Mudras and Bandhas[edit]

Bhandas are locking mechanisms, while mudras are hand gestures and both are traditionally listed separately from asanas[citation needed].

Sanskrit transliterationSanskritEnglishImageClassification
Añjali Mudrāअञ्जलिमुद्राSalutation hand postureIndian sadhu performing namaste.jpgHand Gesture
Jālandhara Bandhathroat lockEnergy lock
Māha Bandhathe great lockEnergy lock
Mūla Bandhaperineal contractionEnergy lock
Pristanjali MudraRear hand postureHand Gesture
Uḍḍiyāna Bandhaabdominal contractionEnergy lock

Sanskrit Glossary[edit]

Many asana names include the following Sanskrit words as affixes:

EnglishSanskritMeaning
Adhoअधोdownward
Ardhaअर्धhalf
Ekaएकone
single
Bandhalock
Dhánusbow
Parivṛttaपरिवृत्तrevolved
twisted
Suptaसुप्तsupine
reclining
Tulāतुलाbalance
Upaviṣṭhaउपविष्टseated
Ūrdhvaऊर्ध्वupward
Utthitaउत्थितextended

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]