List of Greek words with English derivatives

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Greek alphabet
Transliteration schemes
GreekTraditionalClassicalModern
Α αaaa
Β βbbv
Γ γgggh, y
Δ δdddh
Ε εeee
Ζ ζzz, dzz
Η ηeēi
Θ θththth
Ι ιiii
Κ κckk
Λ λlll
Μ μmmm
Ν νnnn
Ξ ξxxx
Ο οooo
Π πppp
Ρ ρrrr
Σ σ ςsss
Τ τttt
Υ υyui
Φ φphphph, f
Χ χchkhkh
Ψ ψpspsps
Ω ωoōo
αιae, eaie, ai
αυauauaf, av
ειieii
ευeueuef, ev
γγngngng
γξnxnxnx
γκncnkg, ng
γχnchnkhnkh
μπmpmpb, mb
ντntntd, nd
οιoe, eoii
ουuouou, u

This is a list of Greek words with derivatives in English. The words are in Greek alphabetic order, with tables for the 24 Greek letters, listing thousands of related English words.

Contents


Transliteration

There are considerable differences between the various transliterations used to represent the Greek alphabet in English. The table in the sidebar shows:

Rough breathing was represented in some Greek dialects by an [h] while in others, the [h] represented the vowel eta (the origin of the sign is thought to be the left-hand half ( ├ ) of the letter H): a rough breathing over an initial vowel or diphthong – ἁ ἑ ἡ ἱ ὁ ὑ ὡ – indicates that the word was pronounced with an initial h, and a smooth breathing – ἀ ἐ ἠ ἰ ὀ ὐ ὠ – indicates the absence of an h, but this has since disappeared in speech, and Modern Greek omits the breathings. An initial upsilon (υ) always had the rough breathing –  – hence hy is very common at the start of words derived from Greek, but no (or very few) such words start with y.

The letter rho (ρ) at the start of a word always had the rough breathing –  – and is transliterated rh. If a rho was geminated within a word, the first ρ always had the smooth breathing and the second the rough breathing – ῤῥ – leading to the transiliteration rrh.

In ancient Greek, gamma was used to represent nu before a khi, ksi, kappa and another gamma. On this list, where this occurs, the word is listed as if the gamma were in fact a nu.

Greek words with modern derivatives

The citation form shown is the form most commonly shown in dictionaries, but this form is often unrepresentative of the word as used to form a compound word, hence the root form is also shown. In the case of verbs, the citation form is often by convention the first person singular, present indicative, (cf Latin), for instance φάγω (phagō), "I eat", rather than the infinitive ("to eat"). The Greek forms are generally in their true root form; i.e., a noun or verb derived from an earlier form will appear under the earlier form.

The "classical" transliteration as described above is used for both the Citation form and the Root form. Greek entries are in alphabetical order according to the Greek alphabet, English entries by the Roman alphabet.

The Greek words are shown in polytonic orthography, in other words showing the breathings and the fuller range of accents, as used in Ancient Greek and in Modern Greek for those who do not accept the 1982 "monotonic reform".

Note that alpha privatives are addressed under the heading of the positive form of the word whenever possible.

Α

a

Citation formRoot formMeaningEnglish Derivative
ἀ-a-ἀ-/ἀν-a-/an-without, notadiabatic, agnostic, ahistorical, amoral, anaemia, anaesthesia, anhydrous, anonymous, apathy, asymmetric, asymptote, atrophic
ἄβαξabaxἀβακ-abac-reckoning-board, used for counting votesabacus, abaculus, abax
ἄβυσσοςābussosἀβυσσ-abyss-bottomlessabyss, abyssal, abyssocottidae, abyssopelagic
ἄγαλμαāgalmaἀγαλματ-agalmat-glory, delight, honour, statueagalmatolite, Agalmatophilia
ἀγαθήagathēἀγαθ-agath-goodagathism, agathodaemon, kalokagathia
ἀγάπηagapēἀγαπ-agap-fraternal loveagape, agapanthus, agapanthaceae
ἀγαυόςagauosἀγαυ-agau-illustrious, nobleagave, agavaceae
ἀγγαρείαangareiāἀγγαρει-angarei-impressment for public serviceangary, angaria, angariate
ἀγγείονangeionἀγγειο-angeio-vesselangiosperm, angiocardiography, angiodysplasia, angiogenesis, angiogram, angiography, angioma, angiopathy, angioplasty, angiosperma, angiostatin, angiotensin,
ἄγγελοςangelosἀγγελ-angel-messengerangel, archangel, evangelist
ἅγιοςhagiosἁγιο-hagio-holyhagiography, hagiology, hagiographa
ἄγκιστρονankistronἀγκιστρ-ancistr-hookancistrocladus, ancistrocactus, ancistrocheirus
ἀγκύλοςankulosἀγκυλ-
ἀγκυλ-
ancyl-
angul-
crooked, curved[1]ancylus, angle, ankyloglossia, ancylopoda, ankylosaurid, ankylostomiasis
ἀγκύλωσιςankulōsisἀγκυλ-ωσι-ankyl-οsi-stiffening of the jointsankylosis, ankyloglossia, ankylosaurus
ἄγκυραankyraἀγκυρ-anchor-anchoranchoring, anchor, ankyrin
ἀγκώνankōnἀγκων-ankon-elbowancona, ancon, anconal
ἀγοράagoraἀγορ-agor-marketplaceagora. agoraphobia, agoranomos
ἄγραagra-αγρα/ἀγρ--agra/agr-seizure, trappodagra, pellagra
ἀγρόςagrosἀγρο-agro-tilled landagrobiology, agronomics, agrology
ἄγρωστιςagrōstisἀγρωστιδ-agrostid-a type of grassagrostology, agrostophyllum, agrostistachys
ἄγχωankhōἀγχ-ankh-I press tight, strangle, throttle, chokeangina
anxious
ἄγωagōἀγ-ag-I drive, leadpedagogue, anagoge, mystagogue
ἀγωνίαagōniaἀγωνι-agōni-agonyantagonistic, agony
ἀδάμαςadamasἀδαμαντ-adamant-unconquerable, diamondadamant, adamantine
ἀδελφόςadelphosἀδελφ-adelph-brotheradelphopoiesis, adelphous, monadelphous,

adelphogamy, Philadelphia

ἄδηλοςadēlosἀδηλο-adelo-unknown, obscureadelopod, adelospondyli, adelophagi, adelophryne
ἀδήνadēnἀδενο-adeno-glandadenoma, adenomelablastoma, adenomyosis, adenosine
ᾍδηςHadesᾉδη-/ᾉδο-hade-/hado-god of the underworldhadean, Hades, hadopelagic
ἁδρόςhadrosἁδρο-hadro-thickhadron, hadrosaurus
ἀδιάφοροςadiaphorosἀδιάφορ-adiaphor-indifferentadiaphora, adiaphorism
ἄδυτονadutonἀδυτ-adyt-not to be enteredadytum
ἀείδωaeidō-ᾠδ--od-/-ed-I singcomedian, comedy, melody, ode, parody, prosody, psalmody, rhapsody, tragedian, tragedy
ἀέριοςaeriosἀέρι-aeri-of the airaerial, aerie
ἀερόβιοςaerobiosἀερόβι-aerobi-living in airaerobic, aerobics, aerobiology, anaerobic
ἀηδήςaēdēsἀηδ-aed-distasteful, unpleasantaedes
ἀήρaērἀερο-aero-
air-
air

aerodynamics, aerofoil, aeronautics, aerobatics, airplane, airship

ἄηχοςaēchosἀηχο-aecho-without soundanechoic, anechoic chamber
ἀθήραathēraἀθηρ-ather-gruelatheroma, atherosclerosis
ἀθλητήςathlētēsἀθλητ-athlet-contestant in the gamesathlete, athletics
αἰθάληaithalēαἰθαλ-aithal-sootaethalops, ethallobarbital
αἰθήρaithērαἰθερ-aither-massless mediumether, ethereal
αἴγαγροςaigagrosαἰγαγρ-aigagr-wild goataegagrus, aegagropila
αἰγιαλόςaigialosαἰγιαλ-aigial-beach, seashoreaegialornis, aigialosaur, aegialornithidae
αἰγίςaigisαἰγιδ-aigid-armour of Zeusaegis
αἰκίαaikiaαἰκι-aiki-torture, sufferingaecium, aeciospore
αἴλουροςailurosαἰλουρo-ailouro-felineailurophobia, aelurodon, aeluroscalabotinae
αἳμαhaimaαἱμο/-αἱματ-haimo-/haimat-bloodanemia, anemic, hemophilia, hemorrhage
αἴνιγμαainigmaαἰνιγματ-ainigmat-riddleenigma
AἴολοςAiolusAἴολ-Aiol-Keeper of the Winds Gk. MythAeolic, Aeolian, Aeolotropy
αἰπεινόςaipeinosαἰπειν-aipein-high, loftyaepisaurus,
αἰπύς or αἰπόςaipus or aiposαἰπυ-aipu-high and steep, utteraepycamelus, aepyornis, aepyornithidae, aepyceros
αἰσθητικόςaisthētikosαἰσθητ-ικ-aisthēt-ik-of sense-perception, sensitive, perceptiveaesthetic, aesthetician, aestheticism, aesthete, aesthetics, anesthesia
αἰσχύνωaiskhunōαἰσχύν-aiskhun-I dishonour, shameaeschynanthus, aeschynite
αἰτίαaitiaαἰτι-aiti-causeetiology
αἰχμήaikhmēαἰχμ-aichm-point of a spearaechmophorus, aechmea
αἰώνaiōnαἰών-eon-ageeon
αἰώνιοςaiōniosαἰώνι-aionι-lasting for an ageaeonium, aeonian
ἈκαδημίαAkadēmiaἈκαδημ-akadēm-the field of Academosacademe, academic, academy
ἀκακίαakakiaἀκακι-akaki-harmlessnessacacia
ἀκαλύφηakaluphēἀκαλυφ-acalyph-stinging-nettleacalypha, acalyphoideae
ἄκανθοςakanthosἀκανθ-acanth-thorn plantacanthus, acantharea, acanthite, acanthocephala, acanthocercus, acanthodactylus, acanthosaura
ἀκάριakariἀκαρ-acar-a kind of miteacarid, acariasis, acarology
ἀκατάληκτοςakatalēktosἀκατάληκτ-acatalekt-not incomplete, incessantacatalectic
ἀκέφαλοςakephalosἀκεφαλ-acephal-headlessacephali, acephaly, acephalous
ἀκλινήςaklinēsἀκλιν-aclin-unswerving, without inclinationaclinic, aclinic line
ἀκμήakmēἀκμ-acm-highest point
facial eruption
acme
acne, acnestis
ἀκόλουθοςakoluthosἀκόλουθ-akolouth-followeranacoluthon, acolyte
ἀκόνηakonēἀκον-akon-whetstoneaconitum, paragon
ἀκούωakouōἀκου-στ-acou-st-I hearacoustic, acoustics
ἄκρονAkronἀκρο-acro-edge, topmostacrobat, acrocephalus, acrochordidae, acrochordon, acromantula, acronym, acrotomophilia, Akron
ἀκροστιχίςakrostikhisἀκροστιχιδ-acrostichid-headline, end-lineacrostic
ἀκτίςaktisἀκτινo-aktino-rayactinium, actinobacteria, actinodine, actinolite, actinometer, actinomorphic, actinomycetes, actinophryid, actinophryids, actinopteri, actinopterygii, actinozoa
ἀλάβαστροςalabastrosἀλαβαστρ-alabastr-a variety of mineralalabaster
ἀλλαντοειδήςallantoeidēsἀλλαντο-ειδ-allanto-eid-sausage-shapedallantois, allantoin
ἀλήθειαaletheiaἀληθει-alethei-truthalethiology, dialetheism
ἀλέξωalexōἀλεξ(ο)-alex(o)-I ward off, defendAlexander, alexipharmic, alexithymia, alexiteric
ἄλευρονaleuronἀλευρο-aleuro-flour, mealaleurone, aleuromancy
ἄλγοςalgosἀλγ-alg-pain-algia, arthralgia, cardialgia, cephalalgia, fibromyalgia, myalgia, neuralgia, nostalgia, odontalgia, otalgia
ἀλείφωaleiphōἀλειφ-aleiph-I anoint with oilaliphatic compound
ἄλκιμοςalkimosἀλκ-ιμ-alc-stronganalcite
ἁλκυώνhalkuōnἁλκυων-halkuon-kingfisherAlcyonaria, halcyon, Halcyon, halcyonidae
ἀλληγορῶallēgorōἀλληγορ-allēgor-I interpret allegoricallyallegory
ἄλληλονallēlonἀλληλο-allēlo-of one anotherallelomorph, parallelogram
ἄλλοςallosἀλλο-allo-
all-
other, differentallochthon, allodium, allodontidae, allogenes, allograft, allography, allolactose, allometry, allomorph, allopath, allopatry, allophony, allopoiesis, allopurinol, allosaur, allotroph, allotropic, allotropy
allergy
ἅλςhalsἁλ-hal-salt
sea
halogen, haloaromatic, halobacteria, halosaur
ἀλλότροποςallotroposἀλλoτροπ-allotrop-strangeallotropy, allotropes, allotropism,
ἁλύσκωhaluskōἁλυσκ-halluc-I flee from, shun, avoid, escape[2]
alt. f. L. hallucinar, to dream, be deceived
hallucinosis, hallucinate
ἄλυσσοςalyssosἀλυσσ-alyss-a plant believed to cure rabiesalyssum, Alyssa
ἄλφαalphaἄλφα-alpha-alphaalphabet, alphabetize, alphagram, alphandia, alphanumeric, alpha particle
ἀλώπηξalōpēxἀλωπεκ-alopek-foxalopecia
ἅλωςhalōsἁλω-halo-round shape, the disk of the sun, circular arcade at Delphihalo
ἈμαζώνAmazōnἈμαζον-Amazon-female warriors Gk. Myth.Amazon, Amazonomachy, Amazonite, Amazonia
ἈμάλθειαAmaltheiaἈμαλθει-Amalthei-the foster-mother of ZeusAmalthea
Ἀμανῖταιamanitaiἀμανιτ-amanit-a kind of fungusamanita, amanitaceae
ἀμάρανθοςamaranthosἀμαρανθ-amaranth-unfading floweramaranth, amaranthaceae, amaranthoideae
Ἀμαρυλλίςamarullisἀμαρυλλ-amarull-name of a shepherdess Gk. Myth.amaryllis, amaryllidaceae
ἀμαύρωσιςamaurōsisἀμαυρ-ωσι-amaur-osi-blackenamaurosis, amaurobiidae
ἀμβλύςamblusἀμβλυ-ambly-dimamblygonite, amblyopia, amblypoda
ἄμβροτοςambrotosἀμβροτ-ambrot-immortalambrosia, ambrotype
ἄμβυξambyxἀμβυκ-ambyk-cupalembic, alembication, alembicated
ἄμβωνambōnἀμβων-ambon-raised edgeambo
ἀμέθυστοςamethustosἀμεθυστ-amethyst-not drunk or intoxicatingamethyst, amethystizon
ἄμετροςametrosἀμετρο-ametro-without measureametropia
ἀμίαντοςamiantosἀμιαντ-amiant-undefiledamianthus
ἄμμοςammosἀμμο-ammo-sandammoperdix, ammophila, ammotrechidae
ἀμνησίαamnēsiaἀμνησι-amnēsi-oblivionamnesia
ἀμνηστίαamnēstiaἀμνηστι-amnēsti-forgetfulness, amnestyamnesty, amnestic
ἀμμωνιακόςammōniakosἀμμωνι-ammōni-from Ammōnammonia, ammoniacal
ἀμμωνίςammōnisἀμμων-ammon-horn of Ammōnammonite, ammonoid, ammonoidea
ἀμνόςamnosἀμν-amn-lambamnion, amniotic, amniocentesis, amnioscope,
ἀμοιβήamoebēἀμοιβ-amoeb-changeamoeba, amoebic
ἄμορφοςamorphosἄμορφ-amorph-shapelessamorphous, amorphic
ἄμυλονamylonἄμυλ-amyl-starchamylin, amyloid, amylose, amylopectin, amylase, amyls, amylophagia, amyl
ἀμυγδαλήamugdalēἀμυγδ-amygd-almond treeamygdala, amygdalin, amygdule
almond
ἀμφίamphiἀμφι-amphi-on both sidesamphipoda, amphioxus, amphiglossus
ἀμφιβάλλωamphiballōἀμφιβολ-amphibol-throw on either side, to doubtamphibole, amphibology
ἀμφίβιοςamphibiosἀμφιβι-amphibi-living a double lifeamphibious, amphibians
ἀμφίβολοςamphibolosἀμφιβολ-amphibol-doubtfulamphibole, amphibolite
ἀμφίβραχυςamphibrakhusἀμφιβραχυ-amphibrachy-short at both endsamphibrach, amphibolite
ἀμφιθέατρονamphitheatronἀμφιθέατρ-amphitheatr-theateramphitheater, amphitheatric,
ἈμφικτυονίαAmphiktyoniaἀμφικτυονι-amphiktyoni-religious allianceAmphictyony, amphictyonic
ἀμφίμακροςamphimakrosἀμφιμακρ-amphimacr-long at both endsamphimacer
ἀμφορεύςamphoreusἀμφορε-amphore-beareramphora, ampulla
ἀμφότεροςamphoterosἀμφότερ-amphoter-each of twoamphoteric
ἀνάanaἀναanaagain, backward, upwardanabolism, anachronism, anaplasia
ἀναβαίνωanabainōἀναβα-anaba-I go upanabasis, anabatic, anabantidae
ἀναβαπτίζωanabaptizōἀναβαπτ-ισ-anabapt-is-I dip repeatedlyanabaptist
ἀναβιώνωanabiōnōἀναβιω-anabio-I return to lifeanabiosis,
ἀναβολήanabolēἀναβολ-anabol-putting off, delayinganabolism, anabolic steroid
ἀνάγλυφοςanagluphosἀναγλυφ-anaglyp-putting wrought in low reliefanaglyph
ἀναγραμματισμός
        -   anagrammatismos
ἀναγραμ-anagram-transpose the letters of one word so as to form anotheranagram, anagrammatize
ἀναγωγήanagōgēἀναγωγ-anagog-spiritual uplift, reference to a principleanagoge, anagogy,
ἀνάδρομοςanadromosἀναδρομ-anadrom-running upanadromous
ἀναδῶanadōἀναδε-anade-bind upanadem
ἀναδίπλωσιςanadipōlsisἀναδιπλω-anadiplo-to redoubleanadiplosis
ἀνάδρομοςanadromosἀναδρομ-anadrom-running upanadromous
ἀνάθεμαanathemaἀναθεματ-anathemat-accursedanathema,

anathematize,

ἀναισθησίαanaisthēsiaἀναισθη-anaesthe-lack of sensation, insensibility under surgical treatmentanaesthesia, anaesthesiologist, anaesthetic
ἀνάκλισιςanaklisisἀνακλι-anacli-to lean backanaclitism, anaclitic,
ἀνακολουθία
            -   anakolouthia
ἀνακολουθι-anacolouthi-inconsequenceanacoluthon
ἀνάκρουσιςanacrousisἀνακρουσι-anakrousi-push back, beginning of a tuneanacrusis
ἀναλγησίαanalgesiaἀναλγησι-analgesi-painlessnessanalgesia, analgetic, analgesics
ἀναλέγωanalegōἀναλεγ-analeg-gatheranalects
ἀνάλειμμαanalēmmaἀναλειμματ-analeimmat-supportanalemma
ἀναληπτικόςanaleptikosἀναληπτ-analept-restorativeanaleptic
ἀνάλκιμοςanalkimosἀναλκιμ-analcim-weakanalcime, analcite
ἀναλογίαanalogiaἀναλογι-analogi-proportion[3]analogy
ἀνάλογοςanalogosἀναλογ-analog-proportionate, conformable[4]analogous, wikt:analogue
ἀναλύωanaluōἀναλυ-analy-loosen, simplifyanalysis, analytic, analyze, analyst
ἀναλφάβητοςanalphabētosἀναλφαβητ-analphabet-uneducatedanalphabetic, analphabetism
ἀνάμνησιςanamnēsisἀναμνησι-anamnesi-recollection, reminiscenceanamnesis,

anamnestic,

ἀναμόρφωσιςanamorphōsisἀναμορφωσι-anamorphōsi-transformationanamorphosis, anamorphic
ἄναξanaxἀνακτ-anakt-lord, master, kinganax
ἀνάπαιστοςanapaistosἀναπαιστ-anapaist-anapaestic verseanapest, anapestic
ἀνάπλαστοςanaplastosἀναπλαστ-anaplast-remolded

anaplastic, anaplasia

ἀναπληρωτικός
            -   anaplērōtikos
ἀναπληρωτικ-anaplerotik-filling upanaplerotic
ἀναπνοήanapnoēἀναπνο-anapno-respiration, breathinganapnoic, anapnograph
ἀναπόδεικτοςanapodeiktosἀναποδεικτ-anapodeikt-not provedanapodeictic
ἀνάπτυξιςanaptuksisἀνάπτυξι-anaptyxi-expansion, explanationanaptyxis
ἄναρθροςanarthrosἀναρθρ-anarthr-not articulatedAnarthriaceae, anarthrous
ἄναρχοςanarkhosἀναρχ-anarch-without a ruleranarchy, anarchism, anarchist
ἀναστομόωanastomoōἀναστομo-anastomo-I furnish with a mouth, open upanastomosis
ἀναστρέφωanastrephōἀναστρεφ-anastreph-to turn backanastrophe
ἀνατείνωanateineinōἀνατα-anata-I stretchanatase
ἀνατολήanatolēἀνατολ-anatol-EastAnatolia, Anatolian
ἀνατομίαanatomiaἀνατομι-anatomi-dissectionanatomy, anatomical, anatomist
ἀνατρέπωanatrepōἀνατροπ-anatrop-to reverse

anatropia, anatropal, anatropous

ἀναφέρωanapherōἀναφoρ-anaphor-mention, recount, referanaphora
ἀναφυλάσσωanaphulassōἀναφυλακ-anaphylak-I guardanaphylaxis, anaphylactic, anaphylactoid
ἀναχρονισμός
        -   anachronismos
ἀναχρον-ισ-anachron-is-wrong time referenceanachronistic, anachronism
ἀναχωρεῖνanachōrōἀναχωρε-anachore-go back, retireanchorite, anchoress, anachoretic
ἈνδρομέδαAndromēdaἈνδρομέδ-Andromēd-wife of PerseusAndromeda, Andromeda polifolia
ἄνεμοςanemosἀνεμο-anemo-windanemometer, anemoscopy, anemoscope, anemophilous
ἀνέκδοτοςanekdotosἀνεκδοτ-anecdot-unpublishedanecdote, anecdotal, anecdotist
ἀνεμώνηanemonēἀνεμών-anemon-lit. daughter of the windanemone, sea-anemone
ἀνεργἰαanergiaἀνεργι-anergi-cessation from workanergy
ἀνεύρυσμαaneurusmaἀνευρυσμ-aneurusm-dilationaneurysm, microaneurysm
ἀνήρanērἀνδρο-andrο-man (male human)androcentrism, androgen, android, andrologist, andrology, androstephium, androsterone, misandry,

monandry, polyandry

ἀνθολόγιονantholōgionἀνθολoγι-anthologi-collection of extractsanthology, anthologist
ἄνθοςanthosἀνθο-antho-floweranthology, anthophyta, anthostema, anthogonium, Anthozoa, anthocleista, anthotype, anthocyanin, anthocerotophyta
ἀνθρακίτιςanthrakitēsἀνθρακιτ-anthracit-kind of coalanthracite, anthracite iron
ἄνθραξanthraxἀνθρ-anthr-coalanthrax, anthracotherium, anthracosauria, anthracosis
ἄνθρωποςanthrōposἀνθρωπο-anthrōpo-human beinganthropology, anthropomorphism, anthropopathy, anthropometrics, anthropomancy, anthropopath, anthropoglot, anthroponyms, anthroposophical, anthroponym, anthropomorphists, anthropocentrism, anthropomorphics, anthropoidea, anthroposemiotics, misanthrope, zoanthropy
ἀνιέναιanienaiἀνι-ani-to go upanion, anionic
ἄνισοςanisosἀνισο-aniso-unequal, dissimilar, unevenanisogamous, anisometric, anisometropia, anisotropic
ἄννησονannēsonἄννησ-annes-dillanise, aniseed, anisette
ἄνοδοςanodosἀνοδ-anod-way upanode, anodising
ἄνομοςanomosἀνομ-anom-lawlessanomie, anomic
ἄνοργοςanorgosἀνoργ-anorg-not wrathfulanorgasmic, anorgasmia
ἀνορεξίαanorexiaἀνορεκ-/ἀνορεξι-anorec-anorexi-lack of appetiteanorexia, anorectic, anorexigenic
ἄνορθοςanorthosἀνορθο-anortho-slopinganorthosite, anorthoclase, anorthite
ἀνταγωνίζεσθαι
        -   antagōnizesthai
ἀνταγωνιζ-antagōniz-struggle against, prove a match forantagonize, antagonist, antagonism, antagonistic
ἀνταρκτικόςantarktikosἀνταρκτικ-antarctik-Antarctic[5]antarctic, antarctica,
ἀντίantiἀντι-anti-opposite, counterantibiotic, anticyclone, antidiabetic, antihero, antihistamine, antioxidant, antiseptic, antistatic
ἀντίδοτονantidotonἀντιδοτ-antidot-to give as a remedy againstantidote, antidoting
ἀντινομίαantinomiaἀντινομ-antinom-contradiction between lawsantinomy, antinomianism, antinomia (brachiopod)
ἀντιπάθειαantipatheiaἀντιπαθ-antipath-of opposite feelingsantipathetic,

antipathy

ἀντίπουςantipousἀντιποδ-antipod-the opposite foot, diametrically opposedantipodes, antipodean, antipodal
ἀντισήπωantisēpōἀντισηπ-antisep-make to putrefy in turnantisepsis, antiseptic
ἀντίστροφοςantistrophosἀντιστροφ-antistroph-to invertantistrophe
ἀντιτιθέναιantitithenaiἀντιθε-antithe-to opposeantithesis, antithetic, antithetical
ἀντιφράζωantiphrazōἀντιφρα(δ)-antiphra(d)-speak the oppositeantiphrasis
ἀντίφωνοςantiphōnosἀντιφων-antiphon-sounding in answerantiphon, anthem
ἄντρονantronἀντρ-antr-cave, cavityantrum
ἀντωνυμεῖνantōnymeinἀντωνυμ-antonym-to have an opposite denominationantonym, antonymous
ἄνυδροςanhudrosἀνυδρ-anhydr-waterless, aridanhydrite, anhydrous, anhydrobiosis
ἀνώδυνοςanōdunosἀνωδυν-anodyn-waterless, aridanodyne, anodynous
ἀνώμαλοςanōmalosἀνωμαλ-anōmal-unevenanomalocarid, anomalopidae, anomalopus, anomaluridae, anomaly, abnormal through Latin
ἀνώνυμοςanōnumosἀνωνυμ-anonym-namelessanonymity, anonymous, anonymity, anonymously
ἀνωφελήςanōphelēsἀνωφελ-anophel-unprofitable, uselessanopheles, anopheline, anophelorastia
ἄξιοςaxiosἀξιο-axio-worthyaxiological, axiology, axiology, axiom, axiomatic, axiomatisation
ἄξωνaxōnἀξον-axon-
axi-
axisaxoneme, axoplasm, axisymmetric
ἀόριστοςaoristosἀοριστ-aorist-indefiniteaorist
ἀορτήaortēἀορτ-aort-the great arteryaortic, aorta
ἀπαθέςapathēsἀπαθε(σ)-apathe(s)-without feelingapatheism, apatheist, apathetic, apathy
ἃπαξhapaxἁπαξ-apaxoncehapax legomenon, hapaxes
ἀπάτηapatēἀπατ-apat-deceitapatite, apatosaurus
ἁπλούςhaplousἁπλο-haplo-singlehaplodiploid, haploid, haploidisation, haplorrhini, haplotype
ἀπόapoἀπο-apo-away fromapology, apostrophe, apocrypha
ἀπόγειονapogeionἀπογει-apogei-far from the earthapogee
ἀποδεικτικός
            -   apodeiktikos
ἀποδεικτ-apodeikt-demonstrableapodictic, apodictically
ἀποδιδόναιapodidonaiἀποδο-apodo-to give backapodosis
ἀπόθεμαapothemaἀπόθεματ-apothemat-something laid downapothem
ἀποθέωσιςapotheōsisἀποθε-ωσι-apothe-osi-deificationapotheosis, apotheon
ἀποθήκηapothēkēἀποθηκ-apothek-storehouseapothecary, apothecium
ἀποκαλύπτωapokaluptōἀποκαλυπ-apocalyp-to revealapocalypse
ἀποκόπτωapokoptōἀποκoπ-apokop-cut offapocopation, apocope
ἀποκρίνωapokrinōἀποκριν-apokrin-to set apartapocrine
ἀποκρύπτωapokruptōἀποκρυπ-apokryp-to hide awayapocrypha, apocryphal
ἀπολογίαapologiaἀπολογι-apologi-apologyapology, apologue, apologetic, apologeticism, apologia
ἀπόμιξιςapomixisἀπομιξι-apomixi-without mixingapomixis, apomictic
ἀπονευρούσθαι
        -   aponeurousthai
ἀπονευρ-aponeur-to become tendinousaponeurosis
ἀποπλήσσωapoplēssōἀποπληκ-apoplēk-cripple by a strokeapoplexy, apoplectic
ἄποροςaporosἀπορ-apor-impassableaporia
ἀποστάτηςapostatēsἀποστατ-apostat-defectorapostate, apostasy
ἀποστέλλωapostellōἀποστολ-apostol-send awayapostle, apostolic
ἀποστρέφωapostrephōἀποστροφ-apostroph-turn awayapostrophe, apostrophic, apostrophising
ἀποτρόπαιονapotropaionἀποτρoπα-apotropa-something that averts evilapotropaic, apotropaism
ἄπουςapousἀποδ-apod-without feetapodidae, apoda, apus, apodization
ἀποφάναιapophanaiἀποφα-apopha-to say noapophasis
ἀποφθέγγεσται
        -   apophthengesthai
ἀποφθεγγ-apophtheng-
apotheg-
to speak plainlyapothegm
ἀποφύομαιapophuomaiἀποφυ-apophu-grow out like a shootapophysis, apophysomyces, zygapophysis
ἄπτεροςapterosἀπτερ-apter-winglessApteryx, Apterygidae, Apterygota, Apteropanorpidae
ἀράχνηarakhnēἀραχνηarachnē-spiderarachnid
ἄργιλλοςargillosἀργιλλ-argill-clayargillite, argillaceous
ἌρηςArēsἀρεο-areo-planet Marsareocentric, areology, areography
ἀριθμόςarithmosἀριθμarithm-numberarithmetic
ἀρκέωarkeōἀρκ-ark-to ward off, to defend, to assist ἀρκέειν
alt. f. L. arceo "to enclose, keep out, prevent
arc, arcade
ἀρθρίτιςarthritisἀρθριτιδ-arthritid-inflammation of jointarthritis, osteoarthritis
ἄρθρονarthronἀρθρο-arthrο-jointarthropod, arthroscopy, arthropathy
ἄρθρωσιςarthrōsisἀρθρωσι-arthrosi-articulationdysarthria, diarthrosis, anarthrous
ἀριθμόςarithmosἀριθμ-arithm-numberarithmetic, logarithm
ἄριστοςaristosἀριστο-aristo-bestaristocracy
Ἀρκαδίαarcadiaἀρκαδι-arcadi-area in Peloponnese, Greece, emblematic of rural peaceAcadian
ἄρκτοςarktosἀρκτ-arct-bear, the northern constellation Ursa Majorarctic
ἀρκτούροςarktourosἀρκτουρ-arctur-bearwardarcturus, arcturis, arcturian
ἁρμονίαharmoniaἁρμονι-harmoni-agreement, harmonyharmony, harmonium, harmonica, harmonisation, harmonics, enharmonic
ἁρμόςharmosἀρμ-arm-joint, shoulderharmotome, arm
ἀρρυθμίαarrhuthmiaἀρρυθμι-arrythmi-lack of rhythmarrhythmia, arrhythmic, antiarrhythmic
ἄρτιοςartiosἀρτιο-artio-evenartiodactyl
ἀρχαῖοςarkhaiosἀρχαιο-archaio-ancientarchaeology, archetype
ἀρχήarcheἀρχε-/ἀρχί-arche-/archi-chief, authorityarchaic, archbishop, anarchy, archidiptera, archigram, archipelago, architeuthidae
ἀρχιτέκτωνarkhitektōnἀρχιτεκτον-architecton-chief builderarchitecture, architect
ἄρχωνarkhōnἀρχοντ-archont-rulerarchon, archosaur, archostemata
ἄρωμαarōmaἀρωματ-aromat-spicearoma, aromatic compounds
-ας-as-αδ-suffix(-ad)-suffixOlympiad, Naiad
ἀσθένειαastheneiaἀσθεν-asthen-weaknessasthenia, asthenopia
ἄσθμαasthmaἀσθματ-asthmat-asthmaasthmatic
ἈσίαAsiaἈσια-asia-Mythological daughter of IapetosAsia, Asian, Asianisation, asiaphile
ἀσπάραγοςaspharagosἀσπαραγ-asparag-asparagusasparagine acid, aspartame, aspartate
ἀσπίςaspisἀσπιδ-aspid-shieldasp
ἀστήρastērἀστ(ε)ρ-ast(e)r-starasteroid, asterisk
ἀστιγματισμός
        -   astigmatismos
ἀστιγματ-astigmat-without focusastigmatism
ἀστράγαλοςastragalosἀστράγαλ-astragal-vertebra, knuckleboneastragalus
ἄστρονastronἀστρο-astro-constellationastronomy, astrology, astrophysics, astrodynamics, astronaut, astrolabe
ἄσυλονasulonἀσυλ-asyl-sanctuaryasylum
ἀσφυξίαasphuxiaἀσφυξι-asphyxi-stopping of the pulseasphyxia
ἀτμόσφαιραatmosphairaἀτμοσφαιρ-atmosphair-vapor + sphereatmosphere, atmospheric
ἌτλαςAtlasἀτλαντ-atlant-name of a Titanatlas, Atlantic
ἄτομοςatomosἀτομ-atom-un + cutatomic, atomizer
ἀτονίαatoniaἀτονι-atoni-slackatony, atonal
ἄτροποςatroposἀτροπ-atrop-inexorableatropos, atropine, atropa
ἈττικήAttikeἈττικ-Attik-A region of east-central Greeceattic, atticism
αὐθεντικόςauthentikosαὐθεντικ-authentik-originalauthentication, authenticity
αὐστηρόςaustērosαὐστηρ-auster-harsh, bitterausterity
αὐταρχίαautarchiaαὐταρχι-autarchi-absolute governingautarchy, autarchism
αὐτάρκειαautarkiaαὐτάρκ-autark-self-sufficiencyautarky
αὐτόχθωνautochthōnαὐτόχθον-autochthon-of the land itselfautochthon, autochthon, autochthonous
αὐτοψίαautopsiaαὐτοψι-autopsi-a seeing for oneselfautopsy
αὐξάνεινauxaneinαὐξ-aux-to increaseauxin, auxesis
αὐτόςautosαὐτο-auto-self (reflexive pronoun)autonomy, automatic
ἀφαιρεῖνaphaireinἀφαιρε-aphaire-take awayapheresis, hemapheresis
ἀφανήςaphanēsἀφαν-aphan-unseenaphanes, aphaniotis, aphanite, aphanitic
ἄφατοςaphatosἀφατ-aphat-speechlessaphasia, aphasiology, anomic aphasia
ἀφιέναιaphienaiἀφε-aphe-to let goaphesis, aphetic, aphetism
ἈφροδίτηAphroditēἀφροδιτ-aphrodit-risen from sea-foam, name of a goddessaphrodisiac, aphrodisia,
ἀχαίνεινakhaineinἀχαιν-achen-without yawningachene
ἀχάτηςachātēsἀχάτ-akhat-agateagate, agateware
ἀχρώματοςakhrōmatosἀχρωματ-achrοmat-without colorachromatic, achromatin, achromatopsia, achromatism, achromatic
ἀψίνθιονapsinthionἀψινθι-apsinthi-alcoholic liqueurabsinthe
ἁψίςhapsisἁψιδ-apsid-archapse, apsis, apsidal, hassium, Diapsida

Β

b

Citation formRoot formMeaningEnglish Derivative
βάθοςbathosβαθ(ε)-batho-depthbathos
βαθύςbathusβαθυ-bathu-deepbathybius, bathymetry, bathyscaphe, bathysphere
βακτήριονbacterionβακτηριο-bacterio-stick, staffbacteremia, bacteria, bactericide. bacteriocin, bacteriophage, bacteriorhodopsin, bacteriostasis, bacteriuria
βάλλωballoβαλ/βαλλ-ιστ-bal-/ball-ist-I throwbalista, ballistics, ballistite, ballistocardiography, ballistospore
βαπτίζεινbaptizeinβαπτ-ισ-bapt-is-dip, immerse, cleanseanabaptist, baptise, baptism, baptist, baptistery, pedobaptism
βάρβαροςbarbarosβαρβαρο-barbaro-stranger, a non-Greekbarbarian, barbarism,
βάροςbarosβαρο-baro-weightbarology, barometer, isobar, millibar
βαρύςbarusβαρυ-baru-heavybaryon, baritone
βασιλεύςbasileusβασιλ-basil-kingbasil, basilica, basilicon, basilisk
βάσιςbasisβασι-basi-walk, gobase, basis, basilect
βάτραχοςbatrakhosβατραχ-batrakh-frogbatrachite
βδέλλαbdellaβδελλ-bdell-leechbdelloidea
βιβλίονbiblionβιβλιο-biblio-bookbible, bibliography, bibliolatry, bibliomancy, bibliomania, bibliophile, bibliotherapy
βίοςbiosβιο-bio-lifeantibiotic, autobiography, biography, biology, biopsy, bios
βλαστόςblastosβλαστο-blasto-sprout, germblastoderm, blastoid, blastoma, blastula
βλάσφημοςblasphemeβλασφημ-blasphem-To speak of God in an irreverent mannerblaspheme
βουλήboulēβουλ-boul-willabulia, boule, hyperboulia
βορέαςboreasβορε-bore-north, the north windAurora Borealis, hyperborean
βοῦςbousβου-bou-oxboustrophedon, bulimia
βραχύςbrakhusβραχυ-brakhu-shortbrachycephalic
βραδύςbradusβραδύ-bradu-slowbradycardia, bradykinin, bradyphrasia
βρῶμοςbromosβρωμ-brom-stinkbromate, bromide, bromidrosis, bromine, bromocriptine, bromargyrite
βρόγχοςbronkhosβρογχ-bronkh-windpipebronchiole, bronchitis, bronchocele, bronchophony, bronchoscopy, bronchotomy, bronchus
βροντήbrontēβροντ(ο)-bront(o)-thunderbrontology, brontosaurus, brontotheriidae

Γ

g

Citation formRoot formMeaningEnglish Derivative
γάδοςgadosγαδ-gad-codGadidae
γαῖα, γῆgaia, gēγη/γεω-ge-/geo-earthapogee, geology, Gaia, geochronology, geometry, geography, perigee, geothermy, georeference, geophysics, geomagnetism, geoscience
γάλαgalaγαλακτ(ο)-galact(o)-milkgalactose, galactosemia, galactosamine, galax, galaxy
γαλέαgaleaγαλε-gale-galleygalley
γάλιονgalionγάλιον)-galionbedstrawgalium
γάμμαgammaγαμμαgammagammagammadion, gamut
γάμοςgamosγαμ-gam-marriageagamia, agamidae, bigamy, hierogamy, gamete, monogamy, polygamy
γάγγλιονganglionγαγγλι-gangli-subcutaneous tumourganglion, ganglionectomy
γάγγραιναgangrainaγάγγραιναgangrainagangrenegangrene
γάνοςganosγανο-gano-brightganodonta
γαστήρgastērγαστ(ε)ρ(ο)-gast(e)r(o)-stomachgasteromycete, gastrectomy, gastritis, gastroenterology, gastrolith, gastromancy, gastronomy, gastropoda
γένεσιςgenesisγεν-gen-birthgenetic, genesis, gene
γῆραςgerasγηρατ-great-old agegeriatric
γέρανοςgeranosγεραν-geran-cranegeranium
γέρωνgeronγεροντ-geront-old mangerontocracy, gerontology, gerousia
γεύεινgeueinγευ-geu-to tasteageusia, ageustia, hypergeusia, parageusia
γιγνῶσκεινgignōskeinγνω-gnō-
gnē-
to knowagnosticism, agnostic, agnostida, agnostidae, agnost, diagnostic, gnosis, gnosticism
γίγαςgigasγιγαντ-gigant-huge, enormousgiant, gigabyte, gigantic
γλαυκόςglaukosγλαυκ-glauk-blue-green, grayglaucoma, glauconite
γλοιόςgloiosγλοι(ο)-gloi(o)-glueyglioblastoma, glioma, gliosarcoma, gliosis, gliotoxin, gloeocapsa
γλωσσίς
γλωττίς
glossis
glottis
γλωσσιδ-
γλωττιδ-
gloss-
glott-
tongueanthropoglot, diglossia, epiglottis, epiglottitis, gloss, glossary, glossodynia, glossematics, glossolalia, glossopteris, glottis, glottochronology, idioglossia, isogloss, monoglottism, polyglot, proglottid, xenoglossy
γλουτόςgloutosγλουτ-glout-buttockgluteus
γλυφήglypheγραφ-glyph-carving, carved workglyph, petroglyph
γλυκύςglukusγραφ-glyk-sweetglucosamine, glucose, glycemia, glyceria, glyceride, glycerol, glycine, glycolysis
γλωχίςglokhisγλωχιν-glokhin-arrow-headglochidium
γνάθοςgnathosγναθ(ο)-gnath(o)-jawgnathitis, gnathopod, gnathostomata
γνώμηgnōmēγνώμη)gnomethought, opiniongnome
γνώμωνgnōmōnγνώμον)gnomoninspector, indicatorgnomon
γοητείαgoeteiaγοητεία)goeteiawitchcraftgoety
γόμφοςgomphosγόμφ)gomphboltgomphosis
γράμμαgrammaγραμμ-gram(m)-lettergrammar, autogram, grammatic/al, agrammatism
γράφεινgrapheinγραφ-graph-to writeautograph, biography, graphics, geography, xerography, stratigraphy, epigraphy, graphology
γρύψgryposγρυπgrypgriffingriffin
γυνήgunēγυναικ-gunaik-womangynaeceum, gynaecocracy, gynecology, gynocentrism, misogynist, polygyny
γωνίαgoniaγωνι-goni-angledecagon, diagonal, dodecagon, enneagon, hendecagon, heptagon, hexagon, goniometer, gonioscopy, octagon, orthogon, polygon, tetragon, trigonometry

Δ

d

Citation formRoot formMeaningEnglish Derivative
δαίμωνdaimonδαιμον-daimonan evil spirit or a divinitydaimon, demon, demonology
δάκρυονdakruonδακρυο-dakruo-teardacryocystitis, dacryon
δάκτυλοςdaktulosδακτυλ-daktul-fingerdactyl, dactyliomancy, dactylosaurus, dactylitis, pterodactyl
δασύςdasusδασυ-dasu-thick, densedasylirion, dasymeter, dasypeltis
δέκαdekaδεκαdekatendecad, decalogue, decameron, decamethonium, decasyllable, decathlon, decade
δέλταdeltaδελταdeltathe letter deltadelta, deltoid
δελτίονdeltionδελτιο-deltio-small writing tabletdeltiology
δελφίςdelphisδελφινdelphindolphindauphin
δέμνιονdemnionδεμνιονdemnionbeddidemnum
δῆμοςdēmosδημο-dēmo-people, powerdemagogy, deme, demiurge, democracy, demographic, demography, demotic, Dimotiki, endemism, epidemic, pandemic
δένδρονdendronδενδρ(ο)-dendr(o)-treedendrite, dendrochronology, dendroclimatology, dendrogram, dendrology, liriodendron, Philodendron, rhododendron, Toxicodendron
δέρμαdermaδερμ[α]-derm(a)-skindermatoglyphics, dermatology, dermatome, dermatomyositis, dermatophyte, dermis, epidermis
δεύτεροςdeuterosδευτερο-deutero-seconddeuteragonist, deuterium, Deuteronomy
διάdiaδιαdiathroughadiabatic, diabetes, diagnosis, dialogue
διάβολοςdiabolosδιαβολ-diabol-devildiablotin, diablerie, diabolism, diabolical
δίαιταdiaitaδιαιτ-diaitway of lifediet
διάκονοςdiakonosδιακον-diakonservant, messengerdeacon
διδάσκωdidaskoδιδασκ-didask-I teachdidactic, Didache
δίδυμοιdidumoiδιδυμ-didum-in twinsdidymium, epididymis
δίηγησιςdiegesisδιηγησι-diegesi-narration, narrativediegesis
διοίκησιςdioikesisδιοικησι-dioikesihousekeeping, managementdiocese
δίοπτρονdioptronδιοπτρ-dioptr-spy-glassdioptre
δίςdisδι-di-twicediatomic, digamma
δίχαdikhaδιχο-dikho-in two, asunder, apartdichogamy, dichotomy
διφθέραdiphtheraδιφθερ-diphther-skin, hide, piece of leatherdiphtheria
δόξαdoxaδοξ-dox-opinion, praisechionodoxa, doxology, doxography, orthodoxy, paradox, paradoxology, paradoxurus
δράσιςdrasisδρασι-drasi-actiondrastic
δρόμοςdromosδρομ-drom-racing, running, racecourse, courseaerodrome, Dromaeosauridae, dromedary, dromomania, dromotropic, hippodrome, syndrome
δύναμιςdunamisδυν-dun-power, strength, forceadynamia, adynamic, aerodynamics, aerodyne, amplidyne, autodyne, dynameter, dynamicism, dynamics, dynamism, dynamite, dynamo, dynamometer, dynamotor, dynasty, dynatron, dyne, electrodynamics, heterodyne, hydrodynamics, isodynamic, magnetohydrodynamics, metadyne, neutrodyne, psychodynamics, superheterodyne, thermodynamics

Ε

(h)e

Citation formRoot formMeaningEnglish derivatives
ἑβδομάςhebdomasἑβδομαδ-hebdomad-weekhebdomad
ἐγκυκλοπαιδεία
     -  enkuklopaideia
ἐγκυκλοπαιδει-
        -   enkuclopaidei-
encyclopedia, lit. rounded educationencyclopedia
ἑγώegoἐγω-ego-I, me, myego, egocentrism
εἰκώνeikonεἰκoν-eikon-icon, picture, painting, reality, kindicon, iconicity, iconoclast
ἔκλειψιςecleipsisἑκλειψι-ekleipsi-eclipseeclipse, eclipsis, ecliptic
εἰρήνηeireneεἰρην-eiren-peace, harmonyirene
ἔλαιονelaionἐλαι-elai-oilvaseline
ἐλαστικόςelastikosἐλαστικ-elastik-elasticelastic, elasticity
ἕλιξhelixἑλικ-helik-helixhelix, helicopter, helicity
ἔλλειψιςelleipsisἐλλειψι-elleipsi-ellipseellipse, ellipsis, ellipsoid, ellipticity
ἔμφασιςemphasisέμφασι-emphasi-emphasisemphasis, emphasize, emphatic
ἐνέργειαenergeiaενέργει-energei-energyenergetic, energize, energy
ἔργονergonἐργ-erg-action, deed, practice, workerg, ergonomics, parergon, zymurgy
ἙρμῆςHermesἙρμ-herm-messenger of the godsHermeticism, Hermetic
ἐπιγραφήepigrapheἑπιγραφ-epigraph-title, inscriptionanepigraphic, epigraph, epigraphy
ἐπίσκοποςepiskoposἐπισκοπ-episkop-overseerbishop, episcopacy
ἐπιστήμηepistemeἐπιστημ-epistem-good knowledge (science)episteme, epistemology
ἑρπετόνherpetonἑρπετό-herpeto-creeping animalherpetology
ἐρυθρόςerythrosἐρυθρ-erythr-rederysipelas, erysipeloid, Erythrina, erythrism, erythrite, erythritol, erythroblast, erythroblastosis, erythrocyte, erythrocytosis, erythrolitmin, erythromycin, erythronium, erythropoiesis, erythropoietin, erythrose
ἑπτάheptaἑπτα-hepta-sevenheptagon, heptameter, heptarchy, heptathlon
ἕτερος(h)eterosἑτερο-hetero-differentheterosexual, heterogram, heterogeneous, heterozygous
ἔτυμοςetymosἔτυμ-etym-trueetymology
εὖeuεὐ-eu-well, goodeukaryote, eulogy, eucharist, eunomia, euphemism, evangelism, euphoria
εὐρύςeurysευρυ-eury-wideeurypterid

Ζ

z

Citation formRoot formMeaningEnglish Derivative
ζήλοςzēlosζηλ-zel-zealzeal, zealot, zealotry, zelotypia
ζητῶzētoζητε-zete-search, inquirezetetic
ζευγνύωzeugnyoζευγν-zeugn-to yokesyzygy, zeugma, zygote
ζέφυροςzephyrosζεφυρ-zephyr-west windzephyr
ζίζυφονzizuphonζίζυφονzizuphonjujubeziziphus
ζώνηzōnēζων-zōn-beltzone
ζῷονzōonζῳο-zōo-animalazoospermia, bryozoa, cryptozoa, cryptozoology, Mesozoa, metazoon, placozoa, protozoa, protozoology, spermatozoon, zoantharia, zoanthropy, zoochlorella, zodiac, zoea, zoetrope, zoo, zoogeography, zoography, zoolatry, zoology, zoomorphism, zoophilia, zoophyte, zoopraxiscope, zoospore, zootomy, zooxanthella
ζωστήρzosterζωστήρ-zostergirdlezoster
ζυγόνzygonζυγο-zygo-yokezygon, zygospore, zygote
ζύμηzymēζυμ-zym-leavenazyme, enzyme, exoenzyme, isoenzyme, isozyme, lysozyme, pancreozymin, ribozyme, zymase, zymogen, zymology, zymosis, zymurgy

Η

(h)ē

Citation formRoot formMeaningEnglish Derivative
ἡγεμῶνhēgemōnἡγεμον-hēgemon-leaderhegemony
ἡδύςhēdusἡδυ-hēdu-sweethedychium
ἦθοςēthosἠθ-ēth-moralethics, ethos
ἥλιοςhēliosἡλιο-hēlio-sunanthelion, aphelion, helianthus, heliocentric, heliochrome, helion, heliodon, heliograph, heliography, heliometer, helioscope, helioseismology, heliostat, heliotropic, heliotropism, helium, parhelion, perihelion
ἡμέραhēmeraἡμέρ-hēmer-dayephemeral, ephemeris, ephemeron, hemera, hemeralopia, Hemerobiidae, hemerocallis, nycthemeron
ἠώςēōsἠο-ēo-dawneocene, eolith, eosin, eosinophil, eozoon

Θ

th

Citation formRoot formMeaningEnglish Derivative
θάνατοςthanatosθανατ-thanat-deatheuthanasia, thanatology, thanatosis
θεόςtheosθε-the-a godatheism, theocracy, theology, theism
θέμαthemaθεματ-)themat-themethematic, theme
θέσιςthesisthesi-thesi-thesisthesis
θεωρίαtheōriaθεωρι-theori-theorytheory, theorem, theoretical
θεραπεία/θεραπεύεινtherapeia/therapeueinθεραπευ-therapeu-medical treatmentpsychotherapy, therapeutics, therapy
θερμόςthermosθερμ-therm-hothyperthermia, hypothermia, isotherm, thermal, thermoelectric, geothermic, thermochronology
θρόνοςthronosθρον-thron-an elevated seatdethronement, enthronement, throne

Ι

(h)i

Citation formRoot formMeaningEnglish Derivative
ἱερόςhierosἱερο-hiero-sacredhierarchy, hieroglyph
ἴπποςhipposἱππ(ο)-hipp(o)-horsehipparch, hippeastrum, hippocampus, hippodrome, hippogriff, hippology, hippopotamus, hippuris, hippus
ἱστορίαhistoriaἱστορι-histori-historyhistory
ἰατρόςiatrosἰατρ(ο)-iatr(o)-physician, healerpsychiatrist, geriatrics
ἴδιοςidiosἰδι(ο)-idi(o)-one’s own, privateidiolect, idiom, idiosyncrasy, idiot
ἰέναιienaiεἰ/οἰ/ἰ/ἰοντ-ei-/oi-/i-/iont-goanion, ion
ἰχθύςikhthusἰχθυ-ikhthu-fishikhthus, ichthyology

Κ

k, c

Citation formRoot formMeaningEnglish derivatives
κακόςkakosκακο-kako-bad, evilcacochymy, cacodemon, cacodyl, cacoethes, caconym, cacophony, cacotopia, cacoxenite
καλόςkalosκαλο-
καλλι-
kalo-
kalli-
beautifulcalotype
calligraphy, calisthenics
καλύπτωkalyptoκαλυπτ-
καλυψ-
kalypt-
kalyps-
I coverapocalypse, apocalypticism, calyptra, calyptrogyne, eucalyptus
κάμμαροςkammarosκαμμαρ-kammar-sea-crab, lobstergammaridae
καρπόςkarposκαρπ-carp-fruitacarpous, artocarpus, ascocarp, carpel, carpolite, carpology, dipterocarpaceae, discocarpus, endocarp, exocarp, hydnocarpus, lithocarpus, macrocarpa, mericarp, mesocarp, monocarpic, oligocarpus, parthenocarpy, pericarp, physocarpus, pilocarpine, podocarp, polycarpic, schizocarp, sporocarp, stenocarpus, trachycarpus
κάρυονkaruonκάρυονkaruonnutdikaryon
κατάkataκατά-kat(a)-downwards, alongacatalepsy, autocatalysis, catabolism, catachresis, cataclysm, catadioptrics, catagenesis, cataglottis, catalepsy, catalysis, catalog, cataphora, cataplasm, cataplexy, cataract, catarrh, catasetum, catastasis, catasterism, catastrophe, catastrophism, catatonia, katabasis
κέντρονkentronκέντρ-kentr-centrecentre, central, androcentrism, anthropocentrism
κέραςkerasκερατ(ο)-kerat(o)-hornceratopsid, ceratosaurus, triceratops
κήτοςkētosκητοkēto-sea monster, whalecetacea, cetology
κιθάραkitharaκιθαρ-kithar-luteguitar, zither
κινῆσθαιkinesthaiκινησι-kines-to move, motionkinetic energy, kinesis, psychokinesis
κίρκοςkirkosκιρκο-kirko-ring, circlecircle, circus
κλώνklōnκλων-klōn-branch, twigclone, cloning
κόσμοςkosmosκοσμ-kosm-order, the universe, jewelcosmetic, cosmography, cosmology, cosmopolitan
κρυπτόςkruptosκρυπτ-krupt-hiddencryptology, encryption
κράτοςkratosκρατ-krat-power, ruleautocrat, bureaucracy, democracy
κῦδοςkūdosκυδkūd-glory, famekudos
κύκλοςkukloκυκλ(ο)kukl(o)-circlecycle, cyclotron
κῦμαkumaκυματkumat-wavecymatium, myokymia
κύων, κυνόςkūon, kunosκυνkun-dogcynanthropy, cynic, cynicism, cynocephaly, cynodont, cynosure
κύστηkusteκυστkust-cyst, bladdercyst, cystectomy, cysteine, cysticercosis

Λ

l

Citation formRoot formMeaningEnglish derivative
λαόςlāosλαο-lāo-peoplelaity
λέγωlegoλεγ/λογ-leg-/log-to saydialect, epistemology
λέθαργοςlethargosληθαργ-letharg-forgetfullethargy, Lethe
λἢμμαlemmaλημματlemmatassumption, premisedilemma, lemma
λέξιςlexisλεξι-lexi-wordalexia, dyslexia, lexicography, lexicon
λευκόςleukosλευκο-leuko-whiteleukemia, leukocyte, leucogranite, leucoma
λίθοςlithosλιθο-litho-stoneacrolith, batholith, coccolith, coprolith, cystolith, eolith, gastrolith, laccolith, lithate, lithiasis, lithography, lithology, lithomancy, lopolith, megalith, microlith, monolith, neolithic, otolith, paleolith, Paleolithic, phacolith, phytolith, protolith, regolith, tonsillolith, xenolith
λόγοςlogosλογο-logo-thought, wordanalogy, anthology, anthropology, apology, biology, cardiology, catalog, dialogue, epilogue, gemology, geology, logic, logotype, mineralogy, monologue, oncology, ophthalmology, paleontology, pathology, philology, prologue, tetralogy, trilogy, theology, zoology
λύωluōλυ-/λυ-σι-lū-si-break, loosen, dissolveanalysis, catalysis, dialysis, electrolysis, hydrolysis, lysis, paralysis, Lysistrata

Μ

m

Citation formRoot formMeaningEnglish Derivative
μαθηματικόςmathēmatikosμαθηματικ-mathēmatik-fond of learningmathematics, mathematical, polymath
μακρόςmakrosμακρο-makro-longmacron, macrobiotic, macroeconomics
μάλαγμαmalagmaμαλαγματ-amalagmat-that can be softenedamalgam, amalgamation
μανίαmaniaμανί-mani-madness, passion, frenzymania, manic
μαρτυρίαmarturiaμαρτυρ-martur-testimonymartyr
μέγαςmegasμεγα-
μεγαλο-
mega-
megalo-
big, largemegabyte, megafauna, megaphone,
megalomania, megalopolis
μέθοδοςmethodosμεθοδ-method-methodmethod
μέλαςmelasμελαν-melan-pigmented, black, inkMelanesia, melanocyte, melancholy, melanoma
μέταλλονmetallonμεταλλ-metal-metalmetallic, metalloid
μετρώmetroμετρ-metr-to measuregeometry, metre
μηχανήmechaneμηχαν-mechan-machinemachine, mechanics
μικρόςmikrosμικρο-mikro-smallmicron, microscope
μῖσοςmīsosμισ-mīs-hatredmisandry, misogyny, misanthrope
μνῆστιςmnēstisμνη-mne-memoryamnesia, amnesty, Mneme, mnemonic
μόνοςmonosμονο-mono-alone, solitary, forsakenmonotony, monologue, monogamy, monocle, monolith, monotheist, monopsony, monopoly
μορφήmorphiμορφ-morph-formamorphous, morphometrics
μωρόςmorosμωρο-moro-dullmoron, oxymoron
ΜοῦσαMousaμουσ-mous-a patron goddess of the artsMuse, music, museum
μῦςmusμυο-muo/myo-musclefibromyalgia, myoblast, myocarditis, myoclonus, myocyte, myoglobin

Ν

n

Citation formRoot formMeaningEnglish Derivative
νάνοςnanosνανο-nano-dwarfnanometry, nanosecond, nanotechnology
νάρθηξnarthexναρθηκ-narthekgiant fennelnarthex
ναυτικόςnautikosναυτ-naut-sailor, shipaeronautics, astronaut, astronautics, naumachia, nausea, nautical, nautilus
νεκρόςnekrosνεκρο-nekro-dead bodynecromancy, necrophilia, necrophobia, necropolis, necrosis
νέκταρnektarνεκταρ-nektardrink of the godsnectar
νέοςneosνεο-neo-new, youngneon, neologism, neolithic, neopaganism, neophyte
νεῦρονneuronνευρ(ο)-neur(o)-nerve, sinewneuralgia, neurapraxia, neurasthenia, neurectomy, neurine, neuritis, neurobiology, neurochemistry, neurogenesis, neurolemma, neurolinguistics, neurology, neuron, neuropathy, neurosis
νεφρόςnephrosνεφρ(ο)-nephr(o)-kidneynephrectomy, nephritis, nephrology, nephron, nephropathy, nephrosis, nephrotomy
νίκηnikeνικ-nik-victoryBerenice, Veronica, [Nike]
νόσοςnososνοσο-noso-diseasenosology

Ξ

ks

Citation formRoot formMeaningEnglish Derivative
ξανθόςxanthosξανθ-xanth-yellowXanthippe, xanthene, xanthine, xanthophyll, xanthosis, xanthous
ξένοςxenosξενο-xeno-strange, stranger, guestxenia, xenon, xenophobia, xenophobic, xenopus
ξηρόςxerosξηρο-xer(o)-dryxeric, xerography, xerophyte, xerophthalmia, xerox
ξίφοςxiphosξιφ-xiph-swordxiphias
ξύλονxulonξυλ-xul-woodxylan, xylem, saproxylic, xylene, xylitol, xylophone, xylyl
ξύωxyoξυ-xy-scrapexyster, xyston, xystus

Ο

(h)o

Citation formRoot formMeaningEnglish Derivative
ὀδούςodousὀδοντ-odont-toothorthodontia
οἷκοςoikosοἰκο-oiko-houseandroecium, ecocentrism, ecology, ecomuseum, econometrics, economics, economism, economy, ecophysiology, ecopoiesis, ecoregion, ecosphere, ecosystem, ecotechnology, ecotone, ecotourism, ecotoxicity, ecotoxicology, ecotype, ecozone, macroeconomics, microeconomics, oeconomus, synoecism
οἶνοςoinosοἰνο-oino-wineoenomel, oenology
οκτώoktoοκτ-okt-eightoctagon, octopus
ὀλίγοςoligosὀλιγο-oligo-few, littleoligarchy, Oligocene, oligomer, oligopoly, oligotroph
ὅλο(ς)holosὁλ(o)-hol(o)-whole, total, entireholocaust, hologram, holistic, whole (?)
ὅμο-homo-ὁμο-homo-samehomogeneity, homology, homomorphism, homophone, homosexuality
ὅμοιοςhomoiosὁμοιο-homoio-similarhomeomorphism, homeopathy, homeoptoton, homeosis, homeostasis, homeoteleuton, homeothermic
ὅγκοςonkosογκο-onko-mass, bulkoncogene, oncogenesis, oncology
ὀξύςoxusὀξυ-oxu-sharp, acid, sourhyperoxaluria, oxalis, oxamide, oxidation, oxide, oxoacid, oxycephaly, oxycodone, oxygen, oxygenation, oxymoron
ὄραμαoramaὄραματ-oramat-a sightdiorama, panorama
ὄργανονorganonὀργαν-organ-organ, instrument, toolorgan, organism, organize, organization
ὄρεξιςoreksisὀρεξ-orex-apetite, moodanorexia
ὀρθόςorthosὀρθ-orth-straight, correct, normalorthography, orthogonal
ὁρίζωνhorizonὁριζοντ-horizont-horizonhorizontal
ὄρνιςornisὀρνιθ-ornith-birdOrnithodelphia, ornithology, ornithomancy
ὅροςhorosὂρο-hor-limit, boundaryhoropter
οὐouοὐ-ou-notutopia

Π

p

pathos

Citation formRoot formMeaningEnglish Derivative
παιδείαpaideia-παιδεια/παιδει--paideia/paidei-education, cultureencyclop(a)edia, Wikipedia
παλαιόςpalaiosπαλαι(ο)-palai(o)-ancient, oldpaleoanthropology, paleobiology, paleobotany, Paleocene, paleoecology, paleogeology, paleography, paleolithic, paleontology, Paleozoic, paleoseismology, paleogeography
παῖςpaisπαιδ-paid-boy, childpaediatrician, pedophilia, pederast
παράparaπαρ(α)-par(a)-alongside of, by, past, beyond, againstparadox, paranormal, paraphilia, parasite
πᾶςpasπαν-, παντο-pan-, panto-all, completepantheism, pantomime, panacea, pandemic
πατήρpatērπατρ-patr-fatherpatriarch
πειρᾶνpeiranπειρα-peira-attack, assaultpirate, piracy
πείραpeiraπειρ-peir-experienceempirical, empiricism
περίperiπεριperiaroundperimeter, period, periphrasis, peridotite
πέτραpetraπετρ-petr-rockpetrify, petroleum, petrology, petrography, petrophysics
πλείωνpleionπλειω-/πλεο-pleio/-pleomore, abundance, to be fullpleiotropy, pleochroism, pleocytosis, pleomorphism, pleonasm, pleonaste, pleonexia, plethora, Pliocene
πληγήplegeπληγ-pleg-strokediplegia, paraplegia
πόλιςpolisπολε-pole-citymegalopolis, metropolis, polis, political, police, polity, politics
πόλοςpolοsπολ-pol-axis, skybipolar, North Pole, Polaris, polarity, polarization
πολύςpolusπολυ-polu-many, muchhoi polloi, polygamy, polyglot, Polynesia, polyphony, polytechnic, polytonic
ποταμόςpotamosποταμ-potam-riverhippopotamus, Mesopotamia, Potamogalinae
ποῦςpousποδ-podfootamblypoda, amphipod, arthropod, bipod, brachiopod, branchiopod, cephalopod, chenopod, decapod, gastropod, gnathopod, heteropoda, isopod, lagopus, macropod, myriapod, octopus, Oedipus, ornithopod, pauropod, podiatrist, platypoda, platypus, prosauropod, pseudopod, sauropod, tetrapod, theropod, tripod, xenopus
πρᾶγμαpragmaπρᾶγμαpragmathing done, factpragmatic, pragmatism
πρεσβύτεροςpresbuterosπρεσβυτερ-presbuter-elder, olderpriest, presbyopia, presbyter, presbytery
πρόγραμμαprogrammaπρογραμματ-programmat-proclamation, agendaprogrammer, program
πρόproπρο-pro-beforeprophet, prologue
πρὣτοςprōtosπρωτ(ο)-/πρωθ-proto-/proth-firstprothonotary, protobiont, protocol, protoconch, protocone, protolith, proton, protonema, protoplasm, protoplast, protosome, prototheria, prototype
πτερόνpteronπτερ(ο)-pter(o)-winghelicopter, Lepidoptera, ornithopter, pteranodon, Pterichthyodes, pterodactyl, pterosaurus

Ρ

r(h)

Citation formRoot formMeaningEnglish Derivative
ῥάβδοςrhabdosῥαβδ-rhabd-rodrhabdite, rhabditida, rhabdology, rhabdomancy, rhabdovirus
ῥαψῳδόςrhapsodosῥαψῳδ-rhapsod-reciter of Epic poetryrhapsode, rhapsody
ῥητορικήrhetoricaῥητορ-rhetor-art of speechrhetoric
ῥεῦμαrheumaῥευματ-rheumat-a flowing, rheumrheumatism, rheum
ῥίζαrhizaῥίζ(ο)-rhiz(o)-rootcorallorhiza, rhizobium, rhizome, rhizophora
ῥίςrhisῥιν-rhin-noserhinencephalon, rhinitis, rhinoceros, rhinolith, rhinoplasty
ῥόδονrhodonῥοδο-rhodo-rose, redrhododendron, rhodium
-ῥοία-rhoia-ρροια-rrhoiaflow, fluxgonorrhea, leukorrhea, logorrhoea, catarrh
ῥόμβοςrhombosῥομβ(ο)-rhomb(o)-rhombusrhombus
ῥῶrhoῥῶ/ῥωτ-rho-/rhotthe letter rhorhotacism

Σ

s

Citation formRoot formMeaningEnglish Derivative
σάρξsarxσαρκο-sarko-fleshsarcophagus, sarcasm, sarcoidosis, sarcoma
σαῦροςsaurosσαυρο-sauro-lizarddinosaur, Saurida
σκοπόςskoposσκοπ-skop-observerscope, telescope
σοφίαsophiaσοφι-sophi-knowledge, wisdomphilosophy, sophistry
στροφήstropheστροφ-stroph-turninganastrophe, antistrophe, apostrophe,[6] catastrophe, epistrophe, strophe
στρόφοςstrophosστροφ-stroph-a turningapostrophe,[6] boustrophedon
σύμβολονsumbolonσυμβολ-sumbol-symbolsymbol
σύστημαsustēmaσυστηματ-sustēmat-systemsystem, systematic
σφήνsphēnσφήν(ο)-sphēn(o)-wedgedisphenoid, sphene, sphenocrates, sphenodontia, sphenoid
σφήξsphēxσφηκ-sphēk-waspsphecidae, sphex
σχήμαschemaσχηματ-skhēmat-shape, formscheme, schematic
σχολήskholēσχολ-skhol-leisure, schoolschool, scholar, scholium

Τ

t

Citation formRoot formMeaningEnglish Derivative
τάξιςtaxisταξι-taxi-arrangementparataxis, phototaxis, syntax, taxidermy, taxon, taxonomy, thermotaxis
ταχύςtachysταχυ-takhy-swifttachometer, tachycardia, tachygraphy, tachylite, tachyon
τέλοςtelosτελεσ-/τελε(ο)-teles-/tele(o)-endteleology, teleonomy, teleostome
τἣλεteleτηλε-tele-afar, far offtelegram, telegraph, telemetry, telepathy, telephone, telescope, television, telethon
τέτταρεςtettaresτετρα-tetra-fouroxytetracycline, pentylenetetrazol, tetracaine, Tetragrammaton, tetrahedron, tetralogy, tetrapod, tetrarchy
τέμνωtemnō-τομή/τομο--tomē/tomo-cut, incisiontracheotomy, vasectomy, tomography
τοξικόνtoxikonτοξικ-toxik-poisontoxic, toxicology, toxin, toxoplasma
τόποςtoposτοπ(ο)-top(o)-placedystopia, topology, utopia
τρόπαιονtropaionτροπα-tropa--to defeattrophy
τροπικόςtropikosτροπικ-tropik-of the turning of the sun, tropicaltropicamide, tropics
τροφήtrophēτροφικ-trophik-nourishment, food (genitive form)amyotrophy, atrophy, auxotrophy, chemotroph, dystrophy, heterotrophy, psychotropic[6]
τύποςtyposτυπ--typ-figure, exampletype, typology
τύπτωtyptōτυπ--typ-poke, beattype, typography

Υ

(h)u, (h)y

Citation formRoot formMeaningEnglish Derivative
ὕδνονhydnonὕδνο-hydno-trufflehydnocarpus
ὕδωρhydōrὑδρο-hydro-waterachlorhydria, anhydrous, dehydration, hydrodynamics, hydrogen, hydrolysis, hydroponics, hydrophobic, hydrophyllic
ὕδροψhydropsὕδροπ-hydrop-dropsydropsy
ὑγιεινήhygieineὑγιειν-hygiein-soundness, healthhygiene
ὑγρόςhygrosὑγρ/ὑγρο-hygr/hygro-moisthygrine, hygrometer, hygroscopy
ὕληhylēὕλη/ὕλ-hylē/hul-wood, foresthyla, hyle, hylodes, hylozoism
ὕπέρhyperὑπέρ-hyper-super-, pro-, trans-, over-hyperactivity, hyperbole, hypersensitivity, hypertasis
ὕπνοςhypnosὑπνο-hypno-sleephypnotism
ὕποhypoὕπ(ο)-hyp(o)-sub-, underhypoblast, hypochlorite, hypochondria, hypodermic, hypocrisy

Φ

p(h)

Citation formRoot formMeaningEnglish derivatives
φάγωphagōφαγ-phag-I eatanthropophagy, bacteriophage, esophagus, phagocyte, sarcophagus
φάναιphanaiφα-pha-to sayphatic, prophet
φαντασίαphantasiaφαντασ-phantas-imaginationfantasy, fantastic, fantasia
φαίνομαιphainomaiφαινο-phaino-I appearepiphany, hierophany, phenomenon, theophany
φέρωpherōφερ-pher-bear, bringBerenice, pheromone, varnish, Veronica
φιλία/φίλοςphilia/philos-φιλια/φιλο--philia/philo-friendship/friendPhiladelphia, philosophy, pedophilia, zoophilia
φοβία
φόβος
phobia
phobos
-φοβια/φοβο--phobia/phobo-irrational fear,
fear
phobia, Phobos
φωνήphōnēφωνη-phōn-voicephoneme, phonetic, phonograph, phonology, telephone, vibraphone, xylophone
φρήνphrenφρεν-phren-heart, mindfrantic, paraphrenia, phrenitis, phrenology, schizophrenia
φύλλονphullonφύλλο-phullo-leafchlorophyll, phyllotaxis
φύσιςphusisφυσι-phusi-naturephysical, physics, physiognomy
φυτόνphutonφυτο-phuto-plantdermatophyte, geophyte, macrophyte, microphyte, neophyte, oophyte, periphyton, phytic acid, phytochemical, phytology, phytopathology, phytotomy, saprophyte, spermatophyte, thallophyte, zoophyte
φῶςphōsφωσ-/φα-/φωσ-/φωτ-pha-/phōs-/phōt-lightphosphorus, photography, photogenic, photon

Χ

k(h), c(h)

Citation formRoot formMeaningEnglish derivatives
χαίτηkhaitēχαιτη-khaitē-loose, flowing hairpolychaete
χάσμαkasmaχάσμ(ατ)-khasm(at)-yawning hollowchasm, chasmogamy
χάοςkhaosχαοσ-khaos-primal emptinesschaos, gas
χαρακτήρkharakterχαρακτηρ-kharakter-charactercharacter, characteristic, characterology
χείρkheirχειρ-kheir-handcheironomy, chirograph, chirography, Chiroptera, chiromancy, Chironomidae, chiropractor, surgeon[6]
χιώνkhionχιον-khion-snowchionodoxa
χολήcholēχολ-chol-bilecholera, melancholia
χορείαkhoreiaχορει-chorei-dancechoreography
χορόςkhorosχορο-choro-dancechoir, chorale, chorus
χρήσιμοςchresimosχρησιμο-chresemo-usefulchrestomathy
χρίωkhrioχρι-khri-anointchrism, chrismation, chrismarium, Christ, Christmas
χρῶμαkhromaχρωματ-khromat-colourchromate, chromaticism, chromosome, monochrome
χρόνοςkhronosχρον-khron-timeanachronism, chronology, chronometer
χρυσόςkhrusosχρυσ-khrys-goldchrysalis, chrysanthemum, chrysene, chrysoberyl, chrysocolla

Ψ

ps

Citation formRoot formMeaningEnglish Derivative
ψάλλεινpsālleinψάλ-psal-to play, twangPsalmodicon, psalm, psalter
ψάμμοςpsāmmosψαμμο-psammo-sandpsammoma, Psammophis
ψῆφοςpsephosψηφ(ο)-pseph(o)-pebbleisopsephy, psephite, psephology
ψεῦδοςpseudosψευδο/ψευδ-pseud(o)-false, a falsitypseudechis, pseudepigrapha, pseudobranch, pseudonym, pseudopod, pseudoscience, pseudomorph, pseudotachylite, pseudoephedrine
ψηλαφᾶνpselaphanψηλαφ-pselaph-to grope aboutpselaphinae
ψιλόςpsilosψιλο-psilo-mere, bare, smoothpsilanthropism, psilocybin, psilomelane, psilotopsida
ψόαpsoaψοα-psoa-muscles of the loinpsoas
ψυχήpsūkhēψυχ-psych-spirit, soulneuropsychology, psionics, psychasthenia, psyche, psychedelic, psychiatry, psychic, psychoacoustics, psychoanalysis, psychobabble, psychodrama, psychogenesis, psychographic, psychohistory, psychokinesis, psycholinguistics, psychology, psychometrics, psychometry, psychoneuroendocrinology, psychoneuroimmunology, psychopathy, psychopharmacology, psychophysics, psychophysiology, psychosis, psychosomatic, psychosurgery, psychotherapy, psychotropic
ψυχρόςpsuchrosψυχρο-psychro-coldPsychrolutidae, psychrometer, psychrometrics, psychrophile

Ω

(h)ō

Citation formRoot formMeaningEnglish Derivative
ὠ μέγαomegaὠμεγαomegalarge oomega
ᾠόνōonᾠο-ōo-eggoocyte, oology, oomycete, oogonia, oolite
ὥραhōraὡρ-hōr-season, hourhorology, horometry, horoscope
-ωσις-osis-ωσι--osi-suffix indicating noun derived from verbhalitosis, metamorphosis
ὠτο-oto-ὠτ(ο)-ot(o)-earotitis, otolaryngology, otolith, otology, otoplasty, otoscope

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External links