List of Governors of Washington

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Governor of Washington
Seal of Washington.svg
Jay Inslee Speech (8724201105).jpg
Incumbent
Jay Inslee

since January 16, 2013
StyleThe Honorable
ResidenceWashington Governor's Mansion
Term lengthFour years
Inaugural holderElisha P. Ferry
FormationNovember 11, 1889
DeputyBrad Owen
Salary$166,891 (2014)[1]
Websitewww.governor.wa.gov
 
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Governor of Washington
Seal of Washington.svg
Jay Inslee Speech (8724201105).jpg
Incumbent
Jay Inslee

since January 16, 2013
StyleThe Honorable
ResidenceWashington Governor's Mansion
Term lengthFour years
Inaugural holderElisha P. Ferry
FormationNovember 11, 1889
DeputyBrad Owen
Salary$166,891 (2014)[1]
Websitewww.governor.wa.gov

The Governor of Washington is the head of the executive branch of Washington's government and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.[2][3] The governor has a duty to enforce state laws,[4] the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Washington Legislature and line-item veto power to cancel specific provisions in spending bills.[5] The governor may also convene the legislature on "extraordinary occasions".[4]

Washington Territory had 14 territorial governors from its organization in 1853 until the formation of the state of Washington in 1889. Territorial governors were appointed by the President of the United States. Elisha Peyre Ferry had the longest term of eight years and went on to become the state's first governor. William H. Wallace was appointed governor but never took office due to being elected as the territory's congressional delegate. George E. Cole was appointed governor and took office, but his appointment was never ratified by the U.S. Senate and he was replaced as governor after four months.

Twenty-one individuals have held the office of governor of Washington since the state's admission to the Union, with Arthur B. Langlie serving non-consecutive terms. Langlie and Daniel J. Evans are the state's only three term governors. Populist Party candidate John Rankin Rogers is the only non Democratic or Republican nominee to win office. The current governor is Jay Inslee, who took office at 10:30 am, January 16, 2013; his term will expire in January 2017.

Governors[edit]

Governors of the Territory of Washington[edit]

For the period before Washington Territory was formed, see the List of Governors of Oregon Territory.

Washington Territory was created on March 2, 1853 from the northern half of Oregon Territory. At this point, Washington Territory also included the northern panhandle of modern Idaho and parts of Montana.[6] The southern half of Idaho was assigned to the Washington Territory in 1859 after Oregon was admitted as a state.[7] Idaho Territory was split from Washington Territory in 1863 giving Washington Territory its final borders.[8]

Due to the long distance between Washington, D.C. and Olympia, there was often a lengthy gap between a governor being appointed and his arrival in the territory.

PictureGovernorTook office[a]Left officeAppointed byNotes
Isaacstevens.jpgIsaac StevensDecember 3, 1853[9]August 11, 1857[10]Franklin Pierce
LaFayette McMullen.jpgLaFayette McMullenSeptember 10, 1857[11]July 1858[12]James Buchanan
Richard D. Gholson.jpgRichard D. GholsonJuly 15, 1859[13]February 14, 1861[14]James Buchanan[b]
William H. Wallace.jpgWilliam H. WallaceAppointed April 9, 1861[16]Abraham Lincoln[c]
William Pickering.jpgWilliam PickeringJune 1862[18]January 8, 1867[19]Abraham Lincoln[d]
George Edward Cole.jpgGeorge E. ColeJanuary 8, 1867[19]March 4, 1867[19]Andrew Johnson[d]
MFMoore.jpgMarshall F. MooreAugust 26, 1867[20]1869Andrew Johnson
Alvan Flanders.jpgAlvan FlandersApril 5, 1869[21]March 14, 1870[22]Ulysses S. Grant
Edward Selig Salomon.jpgEdward Selig SalomonAppointed March 4, 1870[23]April 1872[23]Ulysses S. Grant
Elisha Peyre Ferry.jpgElisha Peyre FerryAppointed April 26, 1872[24]November 1, 1880[25]Ulysses S. Grant[e]
William A Newell.jpgWilliam Augustus NewellNovember 1, 1880[25]1884Rutherford B. Hayes
Watson C Squire.jpgWatson Carvasso SquireAppointed July 2, 1884[27]April 1887[28]Chester A. Arthur[e]
Eugene Semple.jpgEugene SempleAppointed April 9, 1887[29]1889Grover Cleveland[e]
Miles C. Moore.jpgMiles Conway MooreApril 9, 1889[30]November 11, 1889Benjamin Harrison

Governors of the State of Washington[edit]

Washington was admitted to the Union on November 11, 1889. The term for governor is four years,[2] commencing on the second Monday in the January following the election.[31] If the office of governor is vacant or the governor is unable to discharge their duties, the lieutenant governor assumes the office of governor. If both the offices of governor and lieutenant governor are unable to fulfill their duties, the secretary of state is next in line, and then the treasurer.[32] There is no limit to the number of terms a governor may serve.[33] The office of lieutenant governor is not elected on the same ticket as the governor.

      Democratic (10)       Populist (1)       Republican (12)
(above numbering includes one governor twice)[f]

#PictureGovernorTook officeLeft officePartyLt. GovernorTerms[g]
1 Elisha Peyre Ferry.jpgElisha Peyre FerryNovember 11, 1889January 9, 1893Republican Charles E. Laughton1
2John McGraw 1890.jpgJohn McGrawJanuary 9, 1893January 11, 1897RepublicanF.H. Luce1
3John Rankin Rogers.jpgJohn RogersJanuary 11, 1897December 26, 1901PopulistThurston Daniels1 12[h][i]
DemocraticHenry McBride
4Governor Henry McBride.jpgHenry McBrideDecember 26, 1901January 9, 1905RepublicanVacant12[j]
5Governor Albert E. Mead.jpgAlbert E. MeadJanuary 9, 1905January 27, 1909RepublicanCharles E. Coon1
6Samuel Goodlove Cosgrove.jpgSamuel G. CosgroveJanuary 27, 1909March 28, 1909RepublicanMarion E. Hay12[i]
7Governor Marion E. Hay.jpgMarion E. HayMarch 28, 1909January 11, 1913RepublicanVacant12[j]
8Governor Ernest Lister.jpgErnest ListerJanuary 11, 1913February 13, 1919DemocraticLouis Folwell Hart[k]1 12[l]
9Louis Folwell Hart.jpgLouis Folwell HartFebruary 13, 1919January 12, 1925RepublicanVacant1 12[m]
William J. Coyle
10Roland Hill Hartley.jpgRoland H. HartleyJanuary 12, 1925January 9, 1933RepublicanW. Lon Johnson2
John Arthur Gellatly
11Clarence Daniel Martin.jpgClarence D. MartinJanuary 9, 1933January 13, 1941DemocraticVictor A. Meyers2
12Arthur Bernard Langlie.jpgArthur B. LanglieJanuary 13, 1941January 8, 1945RepublicanVictor A. Meyers[n]1
13Governor Monrad Charles Wallgren.jpgMonrad C. WallgrenJanuary 8, 1945January 12, 1949DemocraticVictor A. Meyers1
14Arthur Bernard Langlie.jpgArthur B. LanglieJanuary 12, 1949January 14, 1957RepublicanVictor A. Meyers[n]2
Emmett T. Anderson
15Albert D. Rosellini.jpgAlbert D. RoselliniJanuary 14, 1957January 11, 1965DemocraticJohn A. Cherberg2
16Daniel J. Evans.jpgDaniel J. EvansJanuary 11, 1965January 12, 1977RepublicanJohn A. Cherberg[n]3
17Dixy Lee Ray.jpgDixy Lee RayJanuary 12, 1977January 14, 1981DemocraticJohn A. Cherberg1
18JohnDSpellman.jpgJohn D. SpellmanJanuary 14, 1981January 16, 1985RepublicanJohn A. Cherberg[n]1
19Booth Gardner.jpgBooth GardnerJanuary 16, 1985January 13, 1993DemocraticJohn A. Cherberg2
Joel Pritchard[k]
20Michael E. Lowry.jpgMike LowryJanuary 13, 1993January 15, 1997DemocraticJoel Pritchard[k]1
21Gary Locke official portrait.jpgGary LockeJanuary 15, 1997January 12, 2005DemocraticBrad Owen2
22 ChristineGregoireOfficial.jpgChristine GregoireJanuary 12, 2005January 16, 2013DemocraticBrad Owen2
23Jay Inslee Speech (8724201105).jpgJay InsleeJanuary 16, 2013IncumbentDemocraticBrad Owen1[o]

Other high offices held[edit]

Six of Washington's territorial governors and four of its state governors have served higher federal or confederate offices, or as governors of other states. Three represented Washington Territory as delegates to the U.S. House, and one additionally represented Idaho Territory in the same fashion, as well as serving as Governor of Idaho Territory. Two territorial governors represented eastern states, one as a representative from, and governor of, New Jersey, and one represented Virginia both in the United States and Confederate Houses. Three governors represented the state in the U.S. Senate, and two represented the state in the House. One governor has served in the United States Cabinet. Two of the territorial governors (marked with *) resigned their office to serve as territorial delegates.

NameGubernatorial termOther offices heldSource
Isaac Stevens1853–1857Delegate from Washington Territory*[36]
LaFayette McMullen1857–1859Representative and Confederate Representative from Virginia[37]
William H. Wallace1861–1861Delegate from Washington Territory*, Delegate from Idaho Territory,
Governor of Idaho Territory
[38]
Alvan Flanders1869–1870Delegate from Washington Territory[39]
William A. Newell1880–1884Representative from New Jersey, Governor of New Jersey[40]
Watson C. Squire1884–1887Senator from Washington[41]
Monrad Wallgren1945–1949Senator and Representative from Washington[42]
Daniel J. Evans1965–1977Senator from Washington[43]
Mike Lowry1993–1998Representative from Washington[44]
Gary Locke1997–2005Secretary of Commerce, Ambassador to China[45]
Jay Inslee2013–presentRepresentative from Washington

Living former governors[edit]

As of March 2013, five former governors are alive. The most recent former governor to die was Booth Gardner (1985–1993), on March 15, 2013. The most recently serving governor to die was Dixy Lee Ray (1977–1981), on January 2, 1994. Albert Rosellini lived to be 101 years and 262 days old, making him the longest lived United States governor.

NameGubernatorial termDate of birth
Daniel J. Evans1965–1977(1925-10-16) October 16, 1925 (age 88)
John D. Spellman1981–1985(1926-12-29) December 29, 1926 (age 87)
Mike Lowry1993–1997(1939-03-08) March 8, 1939 (age 74)
Gary Locke1997–2005(1950-01-21) January 21, 1950 (age 64)
Christine Gregoire2005–2013(1947-03-24) March 24, 1947 (age 66)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Due to the long distance between Washington D.C. and Washington Territory, and the slow speed of communications and travel of the day, weeks or months could go by between the appointment of a governor and the governor actually taking office. The actual dates governors took office are sometimes vague; the ones in this list are cited mostly with contemporary news coverage, but other resources and almanacs give slightly different dates.
  2. ^ Received a leave of absence in May 1860 to move his wife from Texas to Kentucky. He never returned to Washington Territory.[14][15]
  3. ^ Appointed as governor, but did not take office as he was elected as a delegate from Washington Territory.[17]
  4. ^ a b President Johnson removed Governor Pickering in November 1866. Governor Cole arrived on January 8, 1867 after being appointed governor. Governor Pickering would not relinquish power until the U.S. Senate approved of Governor Cole's nomination on the basis that President Johnson was being impeached. However, the state's legislature looked to Governor Cole as the real governor. The U.S. Senate eventually failed to ratify his nomination.[19]
  5. ^ a b c Was a resident of Washington Territory at the time of appointment. This could have cut down on the time between appointment and taking office.[26]
  6. ^ The official numbering includes ten Democrats, 11 Republicans, and John Rogers, who served as both a Democrat and a Populist. Repeat governors are numbered, but Rogers' terms were consecutive, so he is only officially numbered once. Rogers' Populist term is counted so that his party appears in the key.
  7. ^ The fractional terms of some governors are not to be understood absolutely literally; rather, they are meant to show single terms during which multiple governors served, due to resignations, deaths and the like.
  8. ^ Rogers was elected as a Populist for his first term and a Democrat for his second.[34]
  9. ^ a b Died in office.
  10. ^ a b As lieutenant governor, filled unexpired term.
  11. ^ a b c Represented the Republican Party.
  12. ^ Lister became ill during his second term, relinquished his office to the Lieutenant Governor, and died a few months later.[35]
  13. ^ As lieutenant governor, Hart filled the unexpired term after Lister relinquished his office due to ill health.[35]
  14. ^ a b c d Represented the Democratic Party.
  15. ^ Governor Inslee's first term expires in January 2017.

References[edit]

General
Constitution
Specific
  1. ^ "2013 and 2014 Salary Schedule, Adopted May 22, 2013" (PDF). Washington Citizens’ Commission on Salaries for Elected Officials. Retrieved February 12, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b WA Const. art. III, § 2
  3. ^ WA Const. art. III, § 8
  4. ^ a b WA Const. art. III, § 5
  5. ^ WA Const. art. III, § 12
  6. ^ "Founding of Washington Territory and Washington State". HistoryLink.org. Retrieved June 29, 2010. 
  7. ^ "Washington Territory". Chronological History of Idaho. State of Idaho. 
  8. ^ Brosnan, Cornelius James (1918). History of the State of Idaho. Charles Scribner's Sons. pp. 117–128. Retrieved June 29, 2010. 
  9. ^ "Glorious News for Washington! Arrival of Governor Stevens" (PDF). Washington Pioneer (Olympia). December 3, 1853. Retrieved July 2, 2010. 
  10. ^ "Letter from Gov. Stevens" (PDF). Pioneer and Democrat (Olympia). August 14, 1857. Retrieved July 2, 2010. 
  11. ^ "Arrival of Governor McMullen" (PDF). Pioneer and Democrat (Olympia). September 11, 1857. Retrieved July 2, 2010. 
  12. ^ Bancroft, Hubert Howe (1890). History of Washington, Idaho, and Montana: 1845–1889, Volume 31. Washington State Library. p. 209. Retrieved January 27, 2011. 
  13. ^ "Sworn In" (PDF). Pioneer and Democrat (Olympia). Retrieved July 2, 2010. 
  14. ^ a b McMullin and Walker p. 314
  15. ^ "Granted Leave of Absence" (PDF). Pioneer and Democrat (Olympia). May 18, 1860. Retrieved July 2, 2010. 
  16. ^ McMullin and Walker p. 315
  17. ^ "Wallace, William". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved January 27, 2011. 
  18. ^ "Our New Governor" (PDF). Puget Sound Herald. June 12, 1862. Retrieved July 2, 2010. 
  19. ^ a b c d "Gubernatorial War!" (PDF). Puget Sound Weekly. January 14, 1867. Retrieved July 2, 2010. 
  20. ^ "Arrival of General Moore" (PDF). The Vancouver Register. August 31, 1867. Retrieved January 21, 2010. 
  21. ^ "Flanders, Alvan". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved January 27, 2011. 
  22. ^ McMullin and Walker p. 320
  23. ^ a b McMullin and Walker p. 321
  24. ^ McMullin and Walker p. 322
  25. ^ a b "Governor Ferry's Retirement" (PDF). Puget Sound Mail. October 31, 1880. Retrieved July 2, 2010. 
  26. ^ McMullin and Walker pp. 322–328.
  27. ^ McMullin and Walker p. 322
  28. ^ McMullin and Walker p. 325
  29. ^ McMullin and Walker p. 326
  30. ^ Snowden, Clinton (1911). History of Washington: the rise and progress of an American state. New York: Century History Company. p. 153. Retrieved July 3, 2010. 
  31. ^ WA Const. art. III, § 4
  32. ^ WA Const. art. III, § 10
  33. ^ "Constitutional and Statutory Provisions for Number of Consecutive Terms of Elected State Officials" (PDF). National Governor's Association. Retrieved July 3, 2010. 
  34. ^ "John Rankin Rogers". Washington State University Libraries. Retrieved January 21, 2010. 
  35. ^ a b "Change of Governor in Washington". The Christian Science Monitor. February 14, 1919. Retrieved January 21, 2011. 
  36. ^ "Stevens, Isaac Ingalls". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved June 29, 2010. 
  37. ^ "McMullen, Fayette". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved June 29, 2010. 
  38. ^ "Wallace, William Henson". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved June 29, 2010. 
  39. ^ "Flanders, Alvan". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved June 29, 2010. 
  40. ^ "Newell, William Augustus". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved June 29, 2010. 
  41. ^ "Squire, Watson Carvosso". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved June 29, 2010. 
  42. ^ "Wallgren, Monrad Charles". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved June 29, 2010. 
  43. ^ "Evans, Daniel Jackson". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved June 29, 2010. 
  44. ^ "Lowry, Maichael Edward". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Clerk of the United States House of Representatives and Historian of the United States Senate. Retrieved June 29, 2010. 
  45. ^ "U.S. Senate Confirms Gary Locke as Commerce Secretary". United States Department of Commerce. March 24, 2009. Retrieved July 3, 2010. 

External links[edit]