List of Governors of Vermont

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The Governor of Vermont is the state government's chief executive. As of 2011, Vermont is one of only two states (the other is New Hampshire) which elect Governors for two year terms.

Until 1870, Vermont elected their governors for one-year terms.[1]

Mountain Rule[edit]

From the founding of the Republican Party in the 1850s until the 1960s only Republicans won general elections for Vermont's statewide offices. One method that made this possible was imposition of the "Mountain Rule." Under the provisions of the Mountain Rule, one U.S. Senator was a resident of the east side of the Green Mountains and one resided on the west side, and the governorship and lieutenant governorship alternated between residents of the east and west side. Nominees for Governor and Lieutenant Governor were allowed two one-year terms, and later one two-year term. For nearly 100 years likely Republican candidates for office in Vermont agreed to abide by the Mountain Rule in the interests of party unity. Several factors led to the eventual weakening of the Mountain Rule, including: the long time political dispute between the Proctor (conservative) and Aiken-Gibson (liberal) wings of the party; primaries rather than conventions to select nominees; the direct election of U.S. Senators; and several active third parties, including the Progressives, the Prohibition Party, and the Local Option movement. In the 1960s the rise of the Vermont Democratic Party and the construction of Interstate 89 also contributed to the end of the Mountain Rule. Though I-89 is a north-south route, it traverses Vermont from east to west and changed the way Vermonters view how the state is divided.[2][3]

List[edit]

The following is a List of Governors of Vermont:

As the independent Vermont Republic[edit]

#NamePartyTerm
1Thomas ChittendenNo party affiliation1778–1789
2Moses RobinsonNo party affiliation1789–1790
3Thomas ChittendenNo party affiliation1790–1791

As a U.S. state[edit]

#NamePartyTermMountain side
1Thomas ChittendenNo party affiliationMarch 4, 1791 – August 25, 1797West
2Paul BrighamDemocratic-RepublicanAugust 25, 1797 – October 16, 1797East
3Isaac TichenorFederalistOctober 16, 1797 – October 9, 1807West
4Israel SmithDemocratic-RepublicanOctober 9, 1807 – October 14, 1808West
5Isaac TichenorFederalistOctober 14, 1808 – October 14, 1809West
6Jonas GalushaDemocratic-RepublicanOctober 14, 1809 – October 23, 1813West
7Martin ChittendenFederalistOctober 23, 1813 – October 14, 1815West
8Jonas GalushaDemocratic-RepublicanOctober 14, 1815 – October 23, 1820West
9Richard SkinnerDemocratic-RepublicanOctober 23, 1820 – October 10, 1823West
10Cornelius P. Van NessDemocratic-RepublicanOctober 10, 1823 – October 13, 1826West
11Ezra ButlerNational RepublicanOctober 13, 1826 – October 10, 1828East
12Samuel C. CraftsNational RepublicanOctober 10, 1828 – October 18, 1831East
13William A. PalmerAnti-MasonicOctober 18, 1831 – November 2, 1835East
14Silas H. JennisonWhigNovember 2, 1835 – October 15, 1841West
15Charles PaineWhigOctober 15, 1841 – October 13, 1843East
16John MattocksWhigOctober 13, 1843 – October 11, 1844East
17William SladeWhigOctober 11, 1844 – October 9, 1846West
18Horace EatonWhigOctober 9, 1846 – October 1848East
19Carlos CoolidgeWhigOctober 1848 – October 11, 1850East
20Charles K. WilliamsWhigOctober 11, 1850 – October 1852West
21Erastus FairbanksWhigOctober 1852 – October 1853East
22John S. RobinsonDemocraticOctober 1853 – October 13, 1854West
23Stephen RoyceWhig (1st term) / Republican (2nd term)October 13, 1854 – October 10, 1856West
24Ryland FletcherRepublicanOctober 10, 1856 – October 10, 1858East
25Hiland HallRepublicanOctober 10, 1858 – October 12, 1860West
26Erastus FairbanksRepublicanOctober 12, 1860 – October 11, 1861East
27Frederick HolbrookRepublicanOctober 11, 1861 – October 9, 1863East
28J. Gregory SmithRepublicanOctober 9, 1863 – October 13, 1865West
29Paul DillinghamRepublicanOctober 13, 1865 – October 13, 1867East
30John B. PageRepublicanOctober 13, 1867 – October 15, 1869West
31Peter T. WashburnRepublicanOctober 15, 1869 – February 7, 1870East
32George W. HendeeRepublicanFebruary 7, 1870 – October 6, 1870West
33John W. StewartRepublicanOctober 6, 1870 – October 3, 1872West
34Julius ConverseRepublicanOctober 3, 1872 – October 8, 1874East
35Asahel PeckRepublicanOctober 8, 1874 – October 5, 1876West
36Horace FairbanksRepublicanOctober 5, 1876 – October 3, 1878East
37Redfield ProctorRepublicanOctober 3, 1878 – October 7, 1880West
38Roswell FarnhamRepublicanOctober 7, 1880 – October 5, 1882East
39John L. BarstowRepublicanOctober 5, 1882 – October 2, 1884West
40Samuel E. PingreeRepublicanOctober 2, 1884 – October 7, 1886East
41Ebenezer J. OrmsbeeRepublicanOctober 7, 1886 – October 4, 1888West
42William P. DillinghamRepublicanOctober 4, 1888 – October 2, 1890East
43Carroll S. PageRepublicanOctober 2, 1890 – October 6, 1892West
44Levi K. FullerRepublicanOctober 6, 1892 – October 4, 1894East
45Urban A. WoodburyRepublicanOctober 4, 1894 – October 8, 1896West
46Josiah GroutRepublicanOctober 8, 1896 – October 6, 1898East
47Edward C. SmithRepublicanOctober 6, 1898 – October 4, 1900West
48William W. StickneyRepublicanOctober 4, 1900 – October 3, 1902East
49John G. McCulloughRepublicanOctober 3, 1902 – October 6, 1904West
50Charles J. BellRepublicanOctober 6, 1904 – October 4, 1906East
51Fletcher D. ProctorRepublicanOctober 4, 1906 – October 8, 1908West
52George H. ProutyRepublicanOctober 8, 1908 – October 5, 1910East
53John A. MeadRepublicanOctober 5, 1910 – October 3, 1912West
54Allen M. FletcherRepublicanOctober 3, 1912 – January 7, 1915East
55Charles W. GatesRepublicanJanuary 7, 1915 – January 4, 1917West
56Horace F. GrahamRepublicanJanuary 4, 1917 – January 9, 1919East
57Percival W. ClementRepublicanJanuary 9, 1919 – January 6, 1921West
58James HartnessRepublicanJanuary 6, 1921 – January 4, 1923East
59Redfield Proctor, Jr.RepublicanJanuary 4, 1923 – January 8, 1925West
60Franklin S. BillingsRepublicanJanuary 8, 1925 – January 6, 1927East
61John E. WeeksRepublicanJanuary 6, 1927 – January 8, 1931West
62Stanley C. WilsonRepublicanJanuary 8, 1931 – January 10, 1935East
63Charles M. SmithRepublicanJanuary 10, 1935 – January 7, 1937West
64George David AikenRepublicanJanuary 7, 1937 – January 9, 1941East
65William H. WillsRepublicanJanuary 9, 1941 – January 4, 1945West
66Mortimer R. ProctorRepublicanJanuary 4, 1945 – January 9, 1947West
67Ernest W. Gibson, Jr.RepublicanJanuary 9, 1947 – January 16, 1950East
68Harold J. ArthurRepublicanJanuary 16, 1950 – January 4, 1951West
69Lee E. EmersonRepublicanJanuary 4, 1951 – January 6, 1955East
70Joseph B. JohnsonRepublicanJanuary 6, 1955 – January 8, 1959East
71Robert T. StaffordRepublicanJanuary 8, 1959 – January 5, 1961West
72F. Ray Keyser, Jr.RepublicanJanuary 5, 1961 – January 10, 1963East
73Philip H. HoffDemocraticJanuary 10, 1963 – January 9, 1969West
74Deane C. DavisRepublicanJanuary 9, 1969 – January 4, 1973East
75Thomas P. SalmonDemocraticJanuary 4, 1973 – January 6, 1977East
76Richard A. SnellingRepublicanJanuary 6, 1977 – January 10, 1985West
77Madeleine M. KuninDemocraticJanuary 10, 1985 – January 10, 1991West
78Richard A. SnellingRepublicanJanuary 10, 1991 – August 14, 1991West
79Howard DeanDemocraticAugust 14, 1991 – January 9, 2003West
80Jim DouglasRepublicanJanuary 9, 2003 – January 6, 2011West
81Peter ShumlinDemocraticJanuary 6, 2011 -East[4]

Other high offices held[edit]

This is a table of congressional seats, other federal offices, and other governorships held by governors. All representatives and senators mentioned represented Vermont except where noted. * denotes those offices which the governor resigned to take.

NameGubernatorial termU.S. CongressOther offices held
HouseSenate
Moses Robinson1789–1790 (Vt. Republic)S
Isaac Tichenor1797–1807, 1808–1809S
Israel Smith1807–1808HS
Richard Skinner1820–1823H
Cornelius P. Van Ness1823–1826United States Minister to Spain, Collector of the Port of New York
Ezra Butler1826–1828H
Samuel C. Crafts1828–1831HS
William A. Palmer1831–1835S
John Mattocks1843–1844H
William Slade1844–1846H
Hiland Hall1858–1860H
Paul Dillingham1865–1867H
George W. Hendee1870H
John W. Stewart1870–1872HS
Redfield Proctor1878–1880SUnited States Secretary of War
William P. Dillingham1888–1890S
Carroll S. Page1890–1892S
John E. Weeks1927–1931H
George Aiken1937–1941S
William H. Wills1941–1945Member, Federal Communications Commission
Ernest W. Gibson, Jr.1947–1950SJudge, United States District Court for the District of Vermont
Robert Stafford1959–1961HS
Madeleine M. Kunin1985–1991United States Deputy Secretary of Education; United States Ambassador to Switzerland and Liechtenstein

Living former governors[edit]

As of January 2011, six former governors were alive, the oldest being Philip H. Hoff (1963–1969, born 1924). The most recent governor to die was Robert T. Stafford (1959–1961), on December 23, 2006. The most recently-serving governor to die was Richard A. Snelling (1977–1985, 1991), in office on August 13, 1991.

NameGubernatorial termDate of birth
F. Ray Keyser, Jr.1961–1963(1927-08-17) August 17, 1927 (age 86)
Philip H. Hoff1963–1969(1924-06-29) June 29, 1924 (age 89)
Thomas P. Salmon1973–1977(1932-08-19) August 19, 1932 (age 81)
Madeleine M. Kunin1985–1991(1933-09-28) September 28, 1933 (age 80)
Howard Dean1991–2003(1948-11-17) November 17, 1948 (age 65)
Jim Douglas2003–2011(1951-06-21) June 21, 1951 (age 62)

References[edit]

  1. ^ pdf
  2. ^ Newspaper article, The Mountain Rule in Vermont, New York Times, February 12, 1895
  3. ^ Magazine article, Mountain Rule Revisited, by Samuel B. Hand, Vermont History Magazine, published by Vermont Historical Society, Summer/Fall 2003, pages 139 to 151
  4. ^ Samuel B. Hand, Vermont Historical Society, Vermont History magazine, Mountain Rule Revisited, Summer/Fall 2003, pages 149-150