List of Governors of Mississippi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Governor of Mississippi
Mississippi-StateSeal.svg
Seal of the State of Mississippi
Governor Phil Bryant.jpg
Incumbent
Phil Bryant

since January 10, 2012
StyleThe Honorable
ResidenceMississippi Governor's Mansion
Term lengthFour years, renewable once
Inaugural holderDavid Holmes
Formation1817 Constitution of Mississippi
SuccessionEvery four years, unless reelected.
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Governor of Mississippi
Mississippi-StateSeal.svg
Seal of the State of Mississippi
Governor Phil Bryant.jpg
Incumbent
Phil Bryant

since January 10, 2012
StyleThe Honorable
ResidenceMississippi Governor's Mansion
Term lengthFour years, renewable once
Inaugural holderDavid Holmes
Formation1817 Constitution of Mississippi
SuccessionEvery four years, unless reelected.

The Governor of Mississippi is the head of the executive branch of Mississippi's government[1] and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.[1] The governor has a duty to enforce state laws,[2] and the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Mississippi Legislature,[3] to convene the legislature at any time,[4] and, except in cases of treason or impeachment, to grant pardons and reprieves.[5]

To be elected governor, a person must be at least 30 years old, and must have been a citizen of the United States for twenty years and a resident of Mississippi for at least five years at the time of inauguration.[6] The Constitution of Mississippi, ratified in 1890, calls for a four-year term for the governor.[1] The original constitution of 1817 had only a two-year term for governor; this was expanded to four years in the 1868 constitution.[7] The lieutenant governor is elected at the same time as the governor and serves as president of the Mississippi Senate.[8] When the office of governor becomes vacant for any reason, the lieutenant governor becomes governor for the remainder of the term.[9]

Since Mississippi became a state, it has had 64 governors, including 55 Democrats and 5 Republicans. Democrats dominated after retaking control of the state legislature; they passed a constitution in 1890 that disfranchised most African Americans, excluding them from the political system for nearly 70 years, and made it a one-party state. The state's longest-serving governor was John M. Stone, who served two terms over ten years (his second term was extended to six years by a transitional provision in the 1890 constitution[10]). The shortest-serving governor was James Whitfield, who served 1 12 months from 1851 to 1852. The current governor is Republican Phil Bryant, who took office January 10, 2012.

Governors of Mississippi Territory, 1798–1817[edit]

#NameTook officeLeft officeParty
1 Winthrop SargentMay 7, 1798May 25, 1801Federalist
2 William C. C. ClaiborneMay 25, 1801March 1, 1805Democratic-Republican
3 Robert WilliamsMarch 1, 1805March 7, 1809Democratic-Republican
4 David HolmesMarch 7, 1809December 10, 1817Democratic-Republican

Governors of the State of Mississippi, 1817–present[edit]

#NameTook officeLeft officePartyLt. GovernorTermNotes
1 David HolmesDecember 10, 1817January 5, 1820Democratic-Republican Duncan Stewart1[N 1]
2 George PoindexterJanuary 5, 1820January 7, 1822Democratic-Republican James Patton2
3 Walter LeakeJanuary 7, 1822November 17, 1825Democratic-Republican David Dickson3[N 2]
 Gerard Brandon4
4 Gerard BrandonNovember 17, 1825January 7, 1826Democratic[N 3]
5 David HolmesJanuary 7, 1826July 25, 1826Democratic Gerard Brandon5[N 4]
6 Gerard BrandonJuly 25, 1826January 9, 1832Democratic
 Abram M. Scott6
7
7 Abram M. ScottJanuary 9, 1832July 12, 1833Democratic Fountain Winston[N 5]8[N 2]
8 Charles LynchJuly 12, 1833November 20, 1833Democratic[N 6]
9 Hiram RunnelsNovember 20, 1833November 20, 1835Democratic
9
10 John A. QuitmanDecember 3, 1835January 7, 1836Whig[N 6]
11 Charles LynchJanuary 7, 1836January 8, 1838Democratic10
12 Alexander G. McNuttJanuary 8, 1838January 10, 1842Democratic11
12
13 Tilghman TuckerJanuary 10, 1842January 10, 1844Democratic13
14 Albert G. BrownJanuary 10, 1844January 10, 1848Democratic14
15
15 Joseph W. MatthewsJanuary 10, 1848January 10, 1850Democratic16
16 John A. QuitmanJanuary 10, 1850February 3, 1851Democratic17[N 7]
17 John I. GuionFebruary 3, 1851November 4, 1851Democratic[N 8]
18 James WhitfieldNovember 24, 1851January 10, 1852Democratic[N 9]
19 Henry S. FooteJanuary 10, 1852January 5, 1854Union Democratic18[N 10]
20 John J. PettusJanuary 5, 1854January 10, 1854Democratic[N 9]
21 John J. McRaeJanuary 10, 1854November 16, 1857Democratic19[N 11]
20
22 William McWillieNovember 16, 1857November 21, 1859Democratic21
23 John J. PettusNovember 21, 1859November 16, 1863Democratic22
23
24 Charles ClarkNovember 16, 1863May 22, 1865Democratic24[N 12]
25 William L. SharkeyJune 13, 1865October 16, 1865Provisional[N 13][N 14]
26 Benjamin G. HumphreysOctober 16, 1865June 15, 1868Democratic[N 15]
25
27 Adelbert AmesJune 15, 1868March 10, 1870Military[N 13][N 16]
28 James L. AlcornMarch 10, 1870November 30, 1871Republican Ridgley C. Powers26[N 17]
29 Ridgley C. PowersNovember 30, 1871January 4, 1874Republican Alexander K. Davis[N 18][N 19]
30 Adelbert AmesJanuary 4, 1874March 29, 1876Republican27[N 20]
31 John M. StoneMarch 29, 1876January 29, 1882Democratic[N 21]
 William H. Sims28
32 Robert LowryJanuary 2, 1882January 13, 1890Democratic G. D. Shands29
30
33 John M. StoneJanuary 13, 1890January 20, 1896Democratic M. M. Evans31[N 22]
34 Anselm J. McLaurinJanuary 20, 1896January 16, 1900Democratic J. H. Jones32
35 Andrew H. LonginoJanuary 16, 1900January 19, 1904Democratic James T. Harrison33
36 James K. VardamanJanuary 19, 1904January 21, 1908Democratic John Prentiss Carter34
37 Edmond NoelJanuary 21, 1908January 16, 1912Democratic Luther Manship35
38 Earl L. BrewerJanuary 16, 1912January 18, 1916Democratic Theodore G. Bilbo36
39 Theodore G. BilboJanuary 18, 1916January 18, 1920Democratic Lee M. Russell37
40 Lee M. RussellJanuary 18, 1920January 18, 1924Democratic Homer H. Casteel38
41 Henry L. WhitfieldJanuary 22, 1924March 18, 1927Democratic Dennis Murphree39[N 2]
42 Dennis MurphreeMarch 18, 1927January 16, 1928Democratic[N 19]
43 Theodore G. BilboJanuary 16, 1928January 19, 1932Democratic Clayton B. Adams40
44 Martin Sennett ConnerJanuary 17, 1932January 21, 1936Democratic Dennis Murphree41
45 Hugh L. WhiteJanuary 26, 1936January 16, 1940Democratic Jacob Buehler Snider42
46 Paul B. Johnson, Sr.January 16, 1940December 26, 1943Democratic Dennis Murphree43[N 2]
47 Dennis MurphreeDecember 26, 1943January 18, 1944Democratic[N 19]
48 Thomas L. BaileyJanuary 18, 1944November 2, 1946Democratic Fielding L. Wright44[N 2]
49 Fielding L. WrightNovember 2, 1946January 22, 1952Democratic[N 23]
 Sam Lumpkin45
50 Hugh L. WhiteJanuary 22, 1952January 17, 1956Democratic Carroll Gartin46
51 James P. ColemanJanuary 17, 1956January 19, 1960Democratic47
52 Ross R. BarnettJanuary 19, 1960January 21, 1964Democratic Paul B. Johnson, Jr.48
53 Paul B. Johnson, Jr.January 21, 1964January 16, 1968Democratic Carroll Gartin49
54 John Bell WilliamsJanuary 16, 1968January 18, 1972Democratic Charles L. Sullivan50
55 William WallerJanuary 18, 1972January 20, 1976Democratic William F. Winter51
56 Cliff FinchJanuary 20, 1976January 22, 1980Democratic Evelyn Gandy52
57 William WinterJanuary 22, 1980January 10, 1984Democratic Brad Dye53
58 William AllainJanuary 10, 1984January 12, 1988Democratic54
59 Ray MabusJanuary 12, 1988January 14, 1992Democratic55
60 Kirk FordiceJanuary 14, 1992January 11, 2000Republican Eddie Briggs56
 Ronnie Musgrove57
61 Ronnie MusgroveJanuary 11, 2000January 13, 2004Democratic Amy Tuck[N 24]58
62 Haley BarbourJanuary 13, 2004January 10, 2012Republican 59[N 25]
 Phil Bryant60
63 Phil BryantJanuary 10, 2012IncumbentRepublican Tate Reeves61

Other high offices held[edit]

This is a table of congressional, confederate, other governorships, and other federal offices held by governors. All representatives and senators mentioned represented Mississippi except where noted. * denotes those offices which the governor resigned to take.

NameGubernatorial termU.S. CongressOther offices held
HouseSenate
William C. C. Claiborne1801–1805 (territorial)U.S. Representative from Tennessee, U.S. Senator from Louisiana, Governor of Orleans Territory, Governor of Louisiana
Robert Williams1805–1809 (territorial)U.S. Representative from North Carolina
David Holmes (politician)1809–1820, 1826SU.S. Representative from Virginia
George Poindexter1820–1822HSTerritorial Delegate, President pro tempore of the Senate
Walter Leake1822–1825S
John A. Quitman1835–1836, 1850–1851H
Tilghman Tucker1842–1844H
Albert G. Brown1844–1848HSConfederate Senator
Henry S. Foote1852–1854SConfederate Representative
John J. McRae1854–1857HSConfederate Representative
William McWillie1857–1859H
Adelbert Ames1868–1870, 1874–1876S
James L. Alcorn1870–1871S*
Anselm J. McLaurin1896–1900S
James K. Vardaman1904–1908S
Theodore G. Bilbo1916–1920, 1928–1932S
Paul B. Johnson, Sr.1940–1943H
James P. Coleman1956–1960Fifth Circuit Court Judge
John Bell Williams1968–1972H
Ray Mabus1988–1992Ambassador to Saudi Arabia, United States Secretary of the Navy

Living former governors[edit]

As of August 2014, four former governors are alive, the oldest being William Winter (1980–1984, born 1923). The most recent governor to die was William Allain (1984-1988) on December 2, 2013. The most recently serving governor to die was Kirk Fordice, who left office on January 11 of 2000 and died on September 7, 2004 at the age of seventy.

NameGubernatorial termDate of birth
William Winter1980–1984(1923-02-21) February 21, 1923 (age 91)
Ray Mabus1988–1992(1948-10-11) October 11, 1948 (age 65)
Ronnie Musgrove2000–2004(1956-07-29) July 29, 1956 (age 58)
Haley Barbour2004–2012(1947-10-22) October 22, 1947 (age 66)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ David Holmes was inaugurated as the first state governor on October 7, 1817, but Mississippi did not officially become a state until December 10, 1817.
  2. ^ a b c d e Died in office.
  3. ^ As lieutenant governor, filled term until next election.[citation needed]
  4. ^ Resigned due to illness.
  5. ^ The 1832 constitution abolished the office of lieutenant governor; the office was reinstated in 1868.
  6. ^ a b As president of the state senate, filled term until next election.[citation needed]
  7. ^ Resigned following an arrest for violating neutrality laws by assisting with the liberation of Cuba. He was found not guilty, but the political fallout led to his resignation.
  8. ^ As president of the senate, filled term until his senate term expired.
  9. ^ a b As president of the senate, filled unexpired term.
  10. ^ Resigned due to political tension over secession.
  11. ^ A constitutional amendment passed during McRae's second term moved the gubernatorial inauguration date from January to the prior November, shortening his term by two months. The date was restored to January in the 1868 constitution.[11]
  12. ^ Charles Clark's term effective ended when he was arrested by Union forces.
  13. ^ a b Appointed by President Andrew Johnson following the end of the American Civil War.
  14. ^ Resigned.
  15. ^ Forced to resign and physically removed from office by federal forces[citation needed] after his government failed to comply with Reconstruction.
  16. ^ Left office as Reconstruction ended.
  17. ^ Resigned to take an elected seat in the United States Senate; Alcorn's senate term began March 4, 1871 but he delayed taking it, preferring to continue as governor.
  18. ^ Impeached and removed from office.
  19. ^ a b c As lieutenant governor, filled unexpired term.
  20. ^ Impeached; made a deal with the legislature to resign, and all charges were dropped.
  21. ^ As president of the senate, filled unexpired term, and was later elected in his own right; since both the governor and lieutenant governor had been impeached, with the governor resigning and lieutenant governor being removed from office, Stone was next in line for governor.
  22. ^ The 1890 electoral term was extended to six years under the 1890 constitution in order to facilitate changes in the executive department.[10]
  23. ^ As lieutenant governor, filled unexpired term, and was later elected in his own right.
  24. ^ Changed parties in 2002.
  25. ^ Governor Barbour's first term expires in 2008; he won re-election to a second term, which expired in 2012.

References[edit]

General
Constitutions
Specific
  1. ^ a b c MS Const. art. V, § 116.
  2. ^ MS Const. art. V, § 123.
  3. ^ MS Const. art. IV, § 72.
  4. ^ MS Const. art. V, § 121.
  5. ^ MS Const. art. V, § 124.
  6. ^ MS Const. art. V, § 117.
  7. ^ MS Const. (1817) art. IV, § 1; MS Const. (1832) art. V, § 1; MS Const. (1868) art. V, § 1.
  8. ^ MS Const. art. V, § 128–129.
  9. ^ MS Const. art. V, § 131.
  10. ^ a b "John Marshall Stone." Mississippi History Now. Mississippi Historical Society. Retrieved September 5, 2009.
  11. ^ "John J. McRae." Mississippi History Now. Mississippi Historical Society. Retrieved September 5, 2009.