List of Governors of Maryland

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Number of Governors of Maryland by party affiliation[1]
PartyGovernors
Democratic29
Federalist9
Democratic-Republican9
Republican6
No Party5
Whig3
National Republican2
American1
Unionist1

The following is a list of the Governors of Maryland from independence to the present day. The Governor of Maryland heads the executive branch of the government of the U.S. state of Maryland and is commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.[2] He or she is the highest-ranking official in the state, and the constitutional powers of Maryland's Governors make them among the most powerful in the United States.[3]

Since the American Revolution, Maryland has had a number of state constitutions that have specified different terms of office and methods of selection of its Governors. Under the constitution of 1776, the Governors were appointed by the legislature to one year terms. An 1838 constitutional amendment allowed the direct election of Governors to three-year terms, although the Governors came from rotating election districts. The terms were lengthened to four years in the 1851 Constitution and the election districts were abolished in the 1864 version.[2]

Contents

List of Governors [edit]

#NamePicturePartyTook officeLeft officeNotes
1Thomas JohnsonJohnsonNoneMarch 21, 1777November 12, 1779
2Thomas Sim LeeFederalistNovember 12, 1779November 22, 1782
3William PacaPacaNoneNovember 22, 1782November 26, 1785
4William SmallwoodSmallwoodNoneNovember 26, 1785November 24, 1788
5John Eager HowardHowardFederalistNovember 24, 1788November 14, 1791
6George PlaterPlaterNoneNovember 14, 1791February 10, 1792[4]
James Brice (acting)FederalistFebruary 13, 1792April 5, 1792[5]
2Thomas Sim LeeFederalistApril 5, 1792November 14, 1794
7John Hoskins StoneStoneFederalistNovember 14, 1794November 17, 1797
8John HenryDemocratic-RepublicanNovember 17, 1797November 14, 1798
9Benjamin OgleBOgleFederalistNovember 14, 1798November 10, 1801
10John Francis MercerDemocratic-RepublicanNovember 10, 1801November 13, 1803
11Robert BowieBowieDemocratic-RepublicanNovember 15, 1803November 10, 1806
12Robert WrightWrightDemocratic-RepublicanNovember 12, 1806June 9, 1809[6]
13Edward LloydLloydDemocratic-RepublicanJune 9, 1809November 16, 1811[7]
11Robert BowieBowieDemocratic-RepublicanNovember 16, 1811November 25, 1812
14Levin WinderWinderFederalistNovember 25, 1812January 2, 1816
15Charles Carnan RidgelyRidgelyFederalistJanuary 2, 1816January 8, 1819
16Charles GoldsboroughGoldsboroughFederalistJanuary 8, 1819December 20, 1819
17Samuel SpriggSpriggDemocraticDecember 20, 1819December 16, 1822
18Samuel Stevens, Jr.DemocraticDecember 16, 1822January 9, 1826
19Joseph KentKentDemocratic-RepublicanJanuary 9, 1826January 15, 1829
20Daniel MartinNational RepublicanJanuary 15, 1829January 15, 1830
21Thomas King CarrollDemocraticJanuary 15, 1830January 13, 1831
20Daniel MartinNational RepublicanJanuary 13, 1831July 11, 1831[4]
22George HowardNational RepublicanJuly 11, 1831January 17, 1833[8]
23James ThomasThomasWhigJanuary 17, 1833January 14, 1836
24Thomas W. VeazeyVeazeyWhigJanuary 14, 1836January 7, 1839
25William GrasonDemocraticJanuary 7, 1839January 3, 1842
26Francis ThomasThomasDemocraticJanuary 3, 1842January 6, 1845
27Thomas G. PrattPrattWhigJanuary 6, 1845January 3, 1848
28Philip F. ThomasThomasDemocraticJanuary 3, 1848January 6, 1851
29Enoch Louis LoweLoweDemocraticJanuary 6, 1851January 11, 1854
30Thomas W. LigonLigonDemocraticJanuary 11, 1854January 13, 1858
31Thomas H. HicksHicksAmerican; later RepublicanJanuary 13, 1858January 8, 1862
32Augustus BradfordBradfordUnionistJanuary 8, 1862January 10, 1866
33Thomas SwannSwannDemocraticJanuary 10, 1866January 13, 1869[9]
34Oden BowieBowieDemocraticJanuary 13, 1869January 10, 1872
35William Pinkney WhyteWhyteDemocraticJanuary 10, 1872March 4, 1874[10]
36James B. GroomeGroomeDemocraticMarch 4, 1874January 12, 1876[11]
37John Lee CarrollDemocraticJanuary 12, 1876January 14, 1880
38William T. HamiltonHamiltonDemocraticJanuary 14, 1880January 9, 1884
39Robert Milligan McLaneMcClaneDemocraticJanuary 9, 1884March 27, 1885[12]
40Henry LloydDemocraticMarch 27, 1885January 11, 1888[13]
41Elihu Emory JacksonJacksonDemocraticJanuary 11, 1888January 13, 1892
42Frank BrownBrownDemocraticJanuary 13, 1892January 8, 1896
43Lloyd Lowndes, Jr.LowndesRepublicanJanuary 8, 1896January 10, 1900
44John Walter SmithSmithDemocraticJanuary 10, 1900January 13, 1904
45Edwin WarfieldWarfieldDemocraticJanuary 13, 1904January 8, 1908
46Austin Lane CrothersCrothersDemocraticJanuary 8, 1908January 10, 1912
47Phillips Lee GoldsboroughGoldsboroughRepublicanJanuary 10, 1912January 12, 1916
48Emerson C. HarringtonHarringtonDemocraticJanuary 12, 1916January 14, 1920
49Albert C. RitchieRitchieDemocraticJanuary 14, 1920January 9, 1935
50Harry W. NiceNiceRepublicanJanuary 9, 1935January 11, 1939
51Herbert R. O'ConorO'ConorDemocraticJanuary 11, 1939January 3, 1947[10]
52William Preston Lane, Jr.LaneDemocraticJanuary 3, 1947January 10, 1951[14]
53Theodore R. McKeldinMcKeldrinRepublicanJanuary 10, 1951January 14, 1959
54J. Millard TawesTawesDemocraticJanuary 14, 1959January 25, 1967
55Spiro AgnewAgnewRepublicanJanuary 25, 1967January 7, 1969[15]
56Marvin MandelMandelDemocraticJanuary 7, 1969January 17, 1979[16]
Blair Lee III (acting)Lee IIIDemocraticJune 4, 1977January 15, 1979[17]
57Harry R. HughesHughesDemocraticJanuary 17, 1979January 20, 1987
58William Donald SchaeferSchaeferDemocraticJanuary 20, 1987January 18, 1995
59Parris N. GlendeningGlendeningDemocraticJanuary 18, 1995January 15, 2003
60Robert L. EhrlichEhrlichRepublicanJanuary 15, 2003January 17, 2007
61Martin O'MalleyO'MalleyDemocraticJanuary 17, 2007Incumbent[18]

See also [edit]

Notes [edit]

  1. ^ Table does not include governors from the colonial period, when there were no organized parties in Maryland, and governors were generally appointed rather than elected. It also does not include acting governors.
  2. ^ a b "Maryland Governor - Origin & Functions". Maryland Manual Online. Retrieved 2007-06-24. 
  3. ^ Prah, Pamela (March 9, 2007). "Massachusetts gov rated most powerful". Stateline.Org. Retrieved 2007-06-25. 
  4. ^ a b Died in office.
  5. ^ As senior member of the Governor's Council, was appointed by state legislature to fill term until replacement elected.
  6. ^ Resigned to pursue a judgeship, but failed to obtain the appointment.
  7. ^ Appointed by legislature to fill unexpired term; was later elected in his own right.
  8. ^ As president of the executive council, filled unexpired term; was later elected in his own right.
  9. ^ Elected to the United States Senate but declined his seat, preferring to remain governor.
  10. ^ a b Resigned to take an elected seat in the United States Senate.
  11. ^ Appointed by legislature to fill unexpired term.
  12. ^ Resigned to take post as Minister to France.
  13. ^ Appointed by the legislature to fill unexpired term; was later elected in his own right.
  14. ^ Took office five days early when the General Assembly chose him to complete the last days of his predecessor's term. White, Jr., Frank F. (22 June 2003). "William Preston Lane, Jr.". Archives of Maryland (Biographical Series). Maryland State Archives. Retrieved 20 December 2009. 
  15. ^ Resigned to take elected office as Vice President of the United States.
  16. ^ Chosen by the General Assembly to fill unexpired term; was later elected in his own right.
  17. ^ Blair Lee III acted as governor in place of Marvin Mandel after Mandel bestowed his powers and duties on Lee following both a stroke, and a conviction on charges of corruption. Mandel rescinded his decision shortly before the expiration of his second term. Mandel served 19 months in prison before the sentence was commuted by President Ronald Reagan; the conviction was later overturned.
  18. ^ Governor O'Malley's term expires on January 21, 2015; he is term limited.

Other high offices held [edit]

This is a table of congressional, confederate and other federal offices held by governors. All representatives and senators mentioned represented Maryland except where noted.

* Denotes those offices which the governor resigned to take.
NameGubernatorial termU.S. CongressOther offices held
HouseSenate
Thomas Johnson1777–1779Delegate to the First Continental Congress, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States
Thomas Sim Lee1779–1782Delegate to the Congress of the Confederation
William Paca1782–1785Delegate to the First Continental Congress
John E. Howard1788–1791SPresident pro tempore of the Senate
George Plater1791–1792Delegate to the Second Continental Congress
John Henry1797–1798SDelegate to the Second Continental Congress, Delegate to the Congress of the Confederation
John Francis Mercer1801–1803H
Robert Wright1806–1809HS
Edward Lloyd1809–1811HS
Charles Goldsborough1819H
Joseph Kent1826–1829HS
Francis Thomas1842–1845H
Thomas Pratt1845–1848S
Philip Thomas1848–1851HSU.S. Secretary of the Treasury
Thomas W. Ligon1854–1858H
Thomas H. Hicks1858–1862S
Thomas Swann1866–1869H
William Pinkney Whyte1872–1874S*
James B. Groome1874–1876S
William T. Hamilton1880–1884HS
Robert Milligan McLane1884–1885HAmbassador to the Great Qing Empire (China), Ambassador to Mexico, Ambassador to France*
Lloyd Lowndes, Jr.1896–1900H
John Walter Smith1900–1904HS
Phillips Lee Goldsborough1912–1916S
Herbert O'Conor1939–1947S*
Spiro Agnew1967–1969Vice President of the United States*
Robert Ehrlich2003–2007H

Living former governors [edit]

As of April 2011, four former governors were alive, the oldest being Marvin Mandel (1969–1979, born 1920). The most recent, and also the most recently serving, governor to die was William Donald Schaefer (1987–1995), on April 18, 2011.

NameGubernatorial termDate of birth
Marvin Mandel1969–1979(1920-04-19) April 19, 1920 (age 93)
Harry Hughes1979–1987(1926-11-13) November 13, 1926 (age 86)
Parris Glendening1995–2003(1942-06-11) June 11, 1942 (age 70)
Robert Ehrlich2003–2007(1957-11-25) November 25, 1957 (age 55)

References [edit]