List of Governors of Louisiana

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Governor of the State of Louisiana
Seal of Louisiana.svg
=
Incumbent
Bobby Jindal

since January 14, 2008
StyleThe Honorable
ResidenceLouisiana Governor's Mansion
Term lengthFour years, renewable once with four year pause in between
FormationLouisiana Constitution
 
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Governor of the State of Louisiana
Seal of Louisiana.svg
=
Incumbent
Bobby Jindal

since January 14, 2008
StyleThe Honorable
ResidenceLouisiana Governor's Mansion
Term lengthFour years, renewable once with four year pause in between
FormationLouisiana Constitution
Number of Governors of Louisiana by party affiliation[1]
PartyGovernors
Democratic41
Republican11
Democratic-Republican3
Whig3
National Republican5

This is a list of the governors of Louisiana, from acquisition by the United States in 1803 to the present day; for earlier governors of Louisiana see List of colonial governors of Louisiana.

Colonial period (French and Spanish governors)[edit]

For the first 24 Governors of Louisiana, under French and Spanish administration, see: List of colonial governors of Louisiana

United States territorial period[edit]

Note: from 1804 to 1812, what would later become the State of Louisiana was known as the "Territory of Orleans". The contemporary "Louisiana Territory" was to the north, and did not include modern Louisiana.

No.GovernorTook OfficeLeft Office
25th total; 1st under US controlWilliam C. C. ClaiborneWcc claiborne.jpgDecember 20, 1803April 30, 1812

First period of U.S. statehood[edit]

#NamePictureTook OfficeLeft OfficePartyNotesLieutenant Governor
1William Charles Cole (W. C. C.) ClaiborneWcc claiborne.jpgApril 30, 1812December 16, 1816Democratic-RepublicanNone
2Jacques Phillippe VilleréJacques Villere.jpgDecember 16, 1816December 18, 1820Democratic-RepublicanNone
3Thomas Bolling RobertsonRobertson.jpgDecember 18, 1820November 15, 1824Democratic-Republican[2]None
4Henry Schuyler ThibodauxThibodaux.jpgNovember 15, 1824December 13, 1824National Republican[3]None
5Henry JohnsonH.S.Johnson.jpgDecember 13, 1824December 15, 1828National RepublicanNone
6Pierre DerbignyDerbigny.jpgDecember 15, 1828October 6, 1829National Republican[4]None
7Armand Julie BeauvaisArmandBeauvais.jpgOctober 6, 1829January 14, 1830National Republican[5]None
8Jacques DupréJacques Dupré.jpgJanuary 14, 1830January 31, 1831National Republican[3]None
9André Bienvenue RomanAndreRoman.jpgJanuary 31, 1831February 4, 1835WhigNone
10Edward Douglass White Sr.EDWhiteSr.jpgFebruary 4, 1835February 4, 1839WhigNone
André Bienvenue RomanAndreRoman.jpgFebruary 4, 1839January 30, 1843WhigNone
11Alexandre MoutonA Mouton Senator from Louisiana 2.jpgJanuary 30, 1843February 12, 1846DemocraticNone
12Isaac JohnsonIsaacJohnson.jpgFebruary 12, 1846January 28, 1850DemocraticTrasimond Landry (Whig)
13Joseph Marshall WalkerJMWalker.jpgJanuary 28, 1850January 18, 1853DemocraticJean Baptiste Plauché (Independent)
14Paul Octave HébertPaulHebert.jpgJanuary 18, 1853January 22, 1856DemocraticWilliam Wood Farmer (Democratic) 1853-1854
Robert C. Wickliffe (Democratic) 1854-1856
15Robert Charles WickliffeRobertWickliffe.jpgJanuary 22, 1856January 23, 1860DemocraticCharles Homer Mouton (Democratic) 1856
William F. Griffin (Democratic) 1856-1860
16Thomas Overton MooreThomasOvertonMoore.jpgJanuary 23, 1860April 24, 1862DemocraticHenry M. Hyams

Civil War Era[edit]

Governors of Confederate-held territory in Louisiana[edit]

No.NamePictureTook OfficeLeft OfficePartyNotesLieutenant Governor
1 (CSA)Thomas Overton MooreThomasOvertonMoore.jpgApril 24, 1862January 25, 1864DemocraticHenry M. Hyams (Democratic)
17 (2 CSA)Henry Watkins AllenHWAllen.jpgJanuary 25, 1864June 2, 1865Democratic[6]Benjamin W. Pearce (Democratic)

Governors of Union-held territory in Louisiana[edit]

No.NamePictureTook OfficeLeft OfficePartyNotesLieutenant Governor
18 (USA)George Foster ShepleyGeorge F Shepley.jpgJuly 2, 1862March 4, 1864Militaryvacant
19 (USA)Michael HahnMichael Hahn.jpgMarch 4, 1864March 4, 1865Republican[7]James Madison Wells (Republican)

Reconstruction Era (Governors subordinate to U.S. military rule)[edit]

No.NamePictureTook OfficeLeft OfficePartyNotesLieutenant Governor
20James Madison WellsJames Madison Wells.jpgMarch 4, 1865June 3, 1867[8]Republican[9][10]Albert Voorhies (Republican)
21Benjamin Franklin FlandersBenjamin Franklin Flanders.jpgJune 8, 1867[11]January 8, 1868Republican[12][13]None
22Joshua BakerJoshua Baker.jpgJanuary 8, 1868June 27, 1868Democratic (Unionist)[12][14]None

Post-Reconstruction[edit]

No.NamePictureTook OfficeLeft OfficePartyNotesLieutenant Governor
23Henry Clay WarmothHenry Clay Warmoth.jpgJune 27, 1868December 9, 1872Republican[15]Oscar J. Dunn (Republican) 1868-1872
P. B. S. Pinchback (Republican) 1872-1873
24P. B. S. PinchbackP. B. S. Pinchback - Brady-Handy.jpgDecember 29, 1872January 13, 1873Republican[9]vacant
25John McEneryJohn McEnery.jpgJanuary 13, 1873May 22, 1873Democratic; Liberal Republican[16]Davidson B. Penn (Democratic; Liberal Republican)
26William Pitt KelloggWilliam P. Kellogg - Brady-Handy.jpgMay 22, 1873January 8, 1877Republican[16]C.C. Antoine (Republican)
27*Stephen B. PackardStephen B. Packard - History of Iowa.jpgJanuary 8, 1877April 24, 1877Republican[17]C.C. Antoine (Republican)
28Francis Tillou NichollsFrancis Tillou Nicholls.jpgApril 24, 1877January 14, 1880Democratic[18]Louis A. Wiltz (Democratic)
29Louis Alfred WiltzLouis Alfred Wiltz.jpgJanuary 14, 1880October 16, 1881Democratic[4]Samuel D. McEnery (Democratic)
30Samuel Douglas McEnerySamuel Douglas McEnery.jpgOctober 16, 1881May 20, 1888Democratic[19]W.A. Robertson (Democratic) 1881
George L. Walton (Democratic) 1881-1884
Clay Knobloch (Democratic) 1884-1888
Francis Tillou NichollsFrancis Tillou Nicholls.jpgMay 20, 1888May 10, 1892DemocraticJames Jeffries (Democratic)
31Murphy James Foster, Sr.Murphy James Foster.jpgMay 10, 1892May 8, 1900Democratic[20]Charles Parlange (Democratic) 1892-1894
Hiram R. Lott (Democratic) 1894-1896
Robert H. Snyder (Democratic) 1896-1900
32William Wright (W. W.) HeardWilliam Wright Heard.jpgMay 8, 1900May 10, 1904DemocraticAlbert Estopinal (Democratic)
33Newton Crain BlanchardNewton Crain Blanchard.jpgMay 10, 1904May 12, 1908DemocraticJared Y. Sanders, Sr. (Democratic)
34Jared Young Sanders, Sr.Jared Young Sanders.jpgMay 12, 1908May 14, 1912Democratic[21]Paul M. Lambremont (Democratic)
35Luther Egbert HallLuther Egbert Hall - Gouverneur von Louisiana.jpgMay 14, 1912May 9, 1916DemocraticThomas C. Barrett (Democratic)
36Ruffin Golson PleasantRuffin Golson Pleasant.jpgMay 9, 1916May 11, 1920DemocraticFernand Mouton (Democratic)
37John Milliken ParkerGovJohnParker.jpgMay 11, 1920May 13, 1924DemocraticHewitt Bouanchaud (Democratic) 1920-1924
Delos R. Johnson (Democratic) 1924
38Henry Luse FuquaGovFuqua.jpgMay 13, 1924October 11, 1926Democratic[4]Oramel H. Simpson (Democratic)
39Oramel Hinckley SimpsonGovOSimpson.jpgOctober 11, 1926May 21, 1928Democratic[9]Philip H. Gilbert (Democratic)
40Huey Pierce LongHueyPLong.jpgMay 21, 1928January 25, 1932Democratic[22][23]Paul N. Cyr (Democratic) 1928-1931
Alvin O. King (Democratic) 1931-1932
41Alvin Olin KingGovKing.jpgJanuary 25, 1932May 10, 1932Democratic[9][24]None
42Oscar Kelly (O.K.) AllenOscar K. Allen.jpgMay 10, 1932January 28, 1936Democratic[4]John B. Fournet (Democratic) 1932-1935
Thomas C. Wingate (Democratic) 1935
James A. Noe (Democratic) 1935-1936
43James Albert NoeJames Noe portrait.jpgJanuary 28, 1936May 12, 1936Democratic[9]vacant
44Richard Webster LecheGov Richard Leche.jpgMay 12, 1936June 26, 1939Democratic[25]Earl K. Long (Democratic)
45Earl Kemp LongEarl Long portrait.jpgJune 26, 1939May 14, 1940Democratic[9]Coleman Lindsey (Democratic)
46Sam Houston JonesSam H. Jones portrait.jpgMay 14, 1940May 9, 1944DemocraticMarc M. Mouton (Democratic)
47James Houston (Jimmie) DavisGovernorJamesDavis.jpgMay 9, 1944May 11, 1948DemocraticJ. Emile Verret (Democratic)
Earl Kemp LongEarl Long portrait.jpgMay 11, 1948May 13, 1952DemocraticWilliam J. "Bill" Dodd (Democratic)
48Robert Floyd (Bob) KennonRobert F. Kennon portrait.jpgMay 13, 1952May 8, 1956DemocraticC. E. "Cap" Barham (Democratic)
Earl Kemp LongEarl Long portrait.jpgMay 8, 1956May 10, 1960DemocraticLether Frazar (Democratic)
James Houston (Jimmie) DavisGovernorJamesDavis.jpgMay 10, 1960May 12, 1964DemocraticC. C. "Taddy" Aycock (Democratic)
49John Julian McKeithenMcKeithen.jpgMay 12, 1964May 9, 1972Democratic[26]C. C. "Taddy" Aycock (Democratic)
50Edwin Washington EdwardsEdwin Edwards.jpgMay 9, 1972March 10, 1980DemocraticJames E. "Jimmy" Fitzmorris (Democratic)
51David Conner (Dave) TreenDave Treen.jpgMarch 10, 1980March 12, 1984RepublicanRobert "Bobby" Freeman (Democratic)
Edwin Washington EdwardsEdwin Edwards.jpgMarch 12, 1984March 14, 1988DemocraticRobert "Bobby" Freeman (Democratic)
52Charles Elson (Buddy) Roemer IIIBuddy Roemer by Gage Skidmore.jpgMarch 14, 1988August 1991DemocraticPaul Hardy (Republican)
Charles Elson (Buddy) Roemer IIIAugust 1991January 13, 1992Republican[27]Paul Hardy (Republican)
Edwin Washington EdwardsEdwin Edwards.jpgJanuary 13, 1992January 8, 1996DemocraticMelinda Schwegmann (Democratic)
53Murphy James (Mike) Foster, Jr.GovFoster1.JPGJanuary 8, 1996January 12, 2004RepublicanKathleen Babineaux Blanco (Democratic)
54Kathleen Babineaux BlancoKathleen Blanco.jpgJanuary 12, 2004January 14, 2008DemocraticMitchell "Mitch" Landrieu (Democratic)
55[28]Piyush "Bobby" JindalBobby Jindal, official 109th Congressional photo.jpgJanuary 14, 2008IncumbentRepublicanMitchell "Mitch" Landrieu (Democratic) 2008-2010
Scott Angelle (Republican) 2010
John "Jay" Dardenne (Republican) 2010–Present

Other high offices held[edit]

This is a table of congressional, other governorships, and other federal offices held by governors. All representatives and senators mentioned represented Louisiana except where noted. * denotes those offices which the governor resigned to take.

NameGubernatorial termU.S. CongressOther offices held
HouseSenate
William Charles Cole Claiborne1803–1816SU.S. Representative from Tennessee, Governor of Mississippi Territory
Thomas B. Robertson1820–1824H
Henry Johnson1824–1828HS
Edward Douglass White Sr.1835–1839H
Alexandre Mouton1843–1846S
Robert C. Wickliffe1856–1860Louisiana Lieutenant Governor, Elected U.S. Representative but was refused his seat
Michael Hahn1864–1865HElected U.S. Senator* but was refused his seat
Benjamin Flanders1870–1872H
P. B. S. Pinchback1872–1873Acting Lieutenant Governor, Elected to both the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate but was refused his seat.[29]
William P. Kellogg1873–1877HS
Samuel D. McEnery1881–1888SLouisiana Lieutenant Governor
Murphy J. Foster1892–1900S
Newton C. Blanchard1904–1908HS
Jared Y. Sanders, Sr.1908–1912HLouisiana Lieutenant Governor, Elected U.S. Senator but denied the seat, preferring to stay governor
Huey Pierce Long1928–1932S*Elected to the Senate in 1930, but did not take the seat until the election of his hand-picked successor was ensured
Edwin W. Edwards1972–1980, 1984–1988, 1992–1996H
David C. Treen1980–1984H
Buddy Roemer1988–1992H
Kathleen Blanco2004–2008Louisiana Lieutenant Governor (1996–2004)
Piyush "Bobby" Jindal2008–PresentH

Living former governors[edit]

As of October 2012, four former governors were alive, the oldest being Edwin W. Edwards (1972–1980, 1984–1988, 1992–1996, born 1927). The most recent governor, and also the most recently serving governor, to die was David C. Treen (1980–1984), on October 29, 2009.

NameGubernatorial termDate of birth
Edwin W. Edwards1972–1980, 1984–1988, 1992–1996(1927-08-07) August 7, 1927 (age 86)
Buddy Roemer1988–1992(1943-10-04) October 4, 1943 (age 70)
Murphy J. Foster, Jr.1996–2004(1930-07-11) July 11, 1930 (age 84)
Kathleen Blanco2004–2008(1942-12-15) December 15, 1942 (age 71)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Table includes both Union and Confederate governors.
  2. ^ Resigned to take a seat on the United States District Court for the District of Louisiana.
  3. ^ a b As president of the state senate, acted as governor for unexpired term.
  4. ^ a b c d Died in office.
  5. ^ As president of the state senate, acted as governor until his senate president term expired.
  6. ^ Governor Allen was removed from office and fled to Mexico after the Union took control of Louisiana following the surrender of the Confederacy.
  7. ^ Resigned to take a seat in the United States Senate, but was denied his seat, Louisiana having not yet been readmitted to the Union.
  8. ^ LOUISIANA.; Removal of Gov. Wells and Appointment of THomas J. Durant as Governor of Louisiana--The Levee Commissioners and Gen. Sheridan's Reason's for Removing Them.
  9. ^ a b c d e f As lieutenant governor, acted as governor for unexpired term.
  10. ^ Removed from office by General Phillip Sheridan, who held Wells accountable for the unstable political conditions stemming from the granting of suffrage to blacks.
  11. ^ The Executive documents of the House Of Representatives for the First Session of the Fortieth Congress, 1867
  12. ^ a b Appointed military governor.
  13. ^ Resigned.
  14. ^ Removed from power; when Louisiana was readmitted to the Union, Governor Baker and General Winfield Scott Hancock, who appointed him, were removed from power in the state.
  15. ^ Impeached but never convicted; however, Warmoth was still removed from office with 35 days remaining in his term. All charges were later expunged.
  16. ^ a b The State Returning Board declared John McEnery the winner over William Kellogg in 1872, but a second election board was formed that declared Kellogg the winner. Both men were sworn in to office on the same day by opposing legislatures. After armed skirmishes erupted, President Ulysses S. Grant stepped in, declaring Kellogg the winner on September 20, 1873.
  17. ^ Packard was the Radical Republican candidate for governor in 1876. In a disputed outcome, both Packard and his Democratic opponent, Francis T. Nicholls were inaugurated. Nicholls had led in the balloting by some eight thousand votes, but the Republican-controlled State Returning Board cited fraud and declared Packard the victor. Pinchback, however, refused to support Packard and endorsed Nicholls.
  18. ^ Francis Nicholls won the 1876 election over Stephen B. Packard, but the Republican-controlled State Returning Board declared Packard the winner. Nicholls took office anyway, and assembled a government that was eventually recognized by the federal government as the proper state government.
  19. ^ As lieutenant governor, acted as governor for unexpired term, and was later elected in his own right.
  20. ^ Foster's 1896 reelection was characterized by widespread voting fraud which benefited his candidacy. A temporarilly rejuvenated Republican Party united with the Populists behind the candidacy of John N. Pharr and likely won more than the 43 percent attributed to Pharr in the official returns. Foster quickly maneuvered to adopt the state constitution of 1898, which effectively disenfranchised Blacks and induced several decades of one-party Democratic control via White primaries, the winning of which was tantamount to election. See also Regular Democratic Organization and Solid South.
  21. ^ Elected to the United States Senate but refused the seat, preferring to remain governor.
  22. ^ Impeached on charges of bribery and corruption, but not convicted.
  23. ^ Resigned to take an elected seat in the United States Senate; Governor Long was elected to the Senate in 1930, but did not take office until 1932, preferring to remain in office as governor.
  24. ^ Paul N. Cyr was lieutenant governor under Governor Huey Long, and stated he would take over for governor after Long left for the Senate, but Long demanded Cyr forfeit his office. Alvin Olin King, as president of the state senate, was elevated to lieutenant governor and later governor.
  25. ^ Resigned due to a fraud scandal; he was later convicted of mail fraud, and served five years in prison. He was pardoned by President Harry S. Truman in 1953.
  26. ^ First Louisiana governor elected to consecutive terms after 1921 constitution was amended in 1966 to allow governors to serve two consecutive terms.
  27. ^ Ibid. Roemer switched from Democrat to Republican several days before the Republicans held a convention in Lafayette to endorse a candidate. Roemer was unable to cancel the convention or to stop its momentum toward U.S. Representative Clyde C. Holloway, who received the endorsement. Both Holloway and Roemer remained in the race, but neither attracted sufficient votes to place in the runoff election.
  28. ^ "Jindal sworn in as governor". Times Picayune. January 14, 2008. Retrieved 2008-01-17. 
  29. ^ Compilation of Senate Election Cases from 1789 to 1885 - Pages 483 - 512

External links[edit]