List of Governors of Iowa

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Governor of Iowa
Iowa-StateSeal.svg
Seal of the State of Iowa
Terry Branstad by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Incumbent
Terry E. Branstad

since January 14, 2011
StyleThe Honourable
ResidenceTerrace Hill
Term lengthFour years, no term limits
Inaugural holderAnsel Briggs; 1846
FormationConstitution of Iowa
SuccessionEvery four years, unless re-elected
 
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Governor of Iowa
Iowa-StateSeal.svg
Seal of the State of Iowa
Terry Branstad by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Incumbent
Terry E. Branstad

since January 14, 2011
StyleThe Honourable
ResidenceTerrace Hill
Term lengthFour years, no term limits
Inaugural holderAnsel Briggs; 1846
FormationConstitution of Iowa
SuccessionEvery four years, unless re-elected

The Governor of Iowa is the head of the executive branch of Iowa's government[1] and the commander-in-chief of the state's military forces.[2] The governor has a duty to enforce state laws,[3] and the power to either approve or veto bills passed by the Iowa State Legislature,[4] to convene the legislature at any time,[5] and to grant pardons and reprieves, except in cases of treason and impeachment.[6]

The governor has a four-year term,[7] commencing on the Tuesday after the second Monday of January after election.[8] The gubernatorial term was originally two years; this was changed by a constitutional amendment in 1972.[9] To be elected governor, a person must be at least 30 years old, and must have been a citizen of Iowa for at least 2 years.[10] The lieutenant governor is elected on the same ticket as the governor. [7] If the office of governor becomes vacant, the lieutenant governor becomes governor for the remainder of the term.[11] There is no limit on the number of terms a governor may serve.

The governor lives at Terrace Hill

Prior to becoming a territory, Iowa was part of Missouri Territory until 1821, unorganized until 1834, part of Michigan Territory until 1836, and part of Wisconsin Territory until 1838. (For the governors of these periods, see the lists of governors for Missouri, Michigan, and Wisconsin.) Since statehood, there have been 41 governors of Iowa, including 30 Republicans, 10 Democrats, and 1 Whig. The longest-serving governor was Terry E. Branstad, who served four terms from 1983 to 1999, and was re-elected to a fifth non-consecutive term in 2010; The shortest-serving governor was Robert D. Fulton, who served 16 days in early 1969. The current governor is Republican Terry E. Branstad, who took office on January 14, 2011.

The Governor's salary for 2011–2012 is $130,000 year.

Governors[edit]

      Democratic       Republican       Whig

#NameTook OfficeLeft OfficeParty#Lt. GovernorNotes
1 Ansel BriggsDecember 3, 1846December 4, 1850Democraticvacant
2 Stephen P. HempsteadDecember 4, 1850December 9, 1854Democraticvacant
3 James W. GrimesDecember 9, 1854January 13, 1858Whigvacant
4 Ralph P. LoweJanuary 13, 1858January 11, 1860Republican1 Oran Faville
5 Samuel J. KirkwoodJanuary 11, 1860January 14, 1864Republican2 Nicholas J. Rusch
3 John R. Needham
6 William M. StoneJanuary 14, 1864January 16, 1868Republican4 Enoch W. Eastman
5 Benjamin F. Gue
7 Samuel MerrillJanuary 16, 1868January 11, 1872Republican6 John Scott
7 Madison Miner Walden
8 Henry C. Bulis
8 Cyrus C. CarpenterJanuary 11, 1872January 13, 1876Republican Henry C. Bulis
9 Joseph Dysart
9 Samuel J. KirkwoodJanuary 13, 1876February 1, 1877Republican10 Joshua G. Newbold[N 1]
10 Joshua G. NewboldFebruary 1, 1877January 17, 1878Republicanvacant[N 2]
11 John H. GearJanuary 17, 1878January 12, 1882Republican11 Frank T. Campbell
12 Buren R. ShermanJanuary 12, 1882January 14, 1886Republican12 Orlando H. Manning
13 William LarrabeeJanuary 14, 1886February 27, 1890Republican13 John A.T. Hull
14 Horace BoiesFebruary 27, 1890January 11, 1894Democratic14 Alfred N. Poyneer
15 Samuel L. Bestow
15 Frank D. JacksonJanuary 11, 1894January 16, 1896Republican16 Warren S. Dungan
16 Francis M. DrakeJanuary 16, 1896January 13, 1898Republican17 Matt Parrott
17 Leslie M. ShawJanuary 13, 1898January 16, 1902Republican18 James C. Milliman
18 Albert B. CumminsJanuary 16, 1902November 24, 1908Republican19 John Herriott[N 1][N 3]
20 Warren Garst
19 Warren GarstNovember 24, 1908January 14, 1909Republicanvacant[N 2]
20 Beryl F. CarrollJanuary 14, 1909January 16, 1913Republican21 George W. Clarke
21 George W. ClarkeJanuary 16, 1913January 11, 1917Republican22 William L. Harding
22 William L. HardingJanuary 11, 1917January 13, 1921Republican23 Ernest Robert Moore
23 N. E. KendallJanuary 13, 1921January 15, 1925Republican24 John Hammill
24 John HammillJanuary 15, 1925January 15, 1931Republican25 Clem F. Kimball
26 Arch W. McFarlane
25 Daniel Webster TurnerJanuary 15, 1931January 12, 1933Republican Arch W. McFarlane
26 Clyde L. HerringJanuary 12, 1933January 14, 1937Democratic27 Nelson G. Kraschel
27 Nelson G. KraschelJanuary 14, 1937January 12, 1939Democratic28 John K. Valentine
28 George A. WilsonJanuary 12, 1939January 14, 1943Republican29 Bourke B. Hickenlooper
29 Bourke B. HickenlooperJanuary 14, 1943January 11, 1945Republican30 Robert D. Blue
30 Robert D. BlueJanuary 11, 1945January 13, 1949Republican31 Kenneth A. Evans
31 William S. BeardsleyJanuary 13, 1949November 21, 1954Republican Kenneth A. Evans[N 4]
32 William H. Nicholas
33 Leo Elthon
32 Leo ElthonNovember 22, 1954January 13, 1955Republicanvacant[N 2]
33 Leo A. HoeghJanuary 13, 1955January 17, 1957Republican34 Leo Elthon
34 Herschel C. LovelessJanuary 17, 1957January 12, 1961Democratic35 William H. Nicholas
36 Edward J. McManus
35 Norman A. ErbeJanuary 12, 1961January 17, 1963Republican37 W. L. Mooty
36 Harold E. HughesJanuary 17, 1963January 1, 1969Democratic W. L. Mooty[N 1]
38 Robert D. Fulton
37 Robert D. FultonJanuary 1, 1969January 16, 1969Democraticvacant[N 2]
38 Robert D. RayJanuary 16, 1969January 14, 1983Republican39 Roger Jepsen
40 Arthur A. Neu
41 Terry E. Branstad
39 Terry E. BranstadJanuary 14, 1983January 15, 1999Republican42 Robert T. Anderson
43 Jo Ann Zimmerman
44 Joy Corning
40 Tom VilsackJanuary 15, 1999January 12, 2007Democratic45 Sally Pederson
41 Chet CulverJanuary 12, 2007January 14, 2011Democratic46 Patty Judge
42 Terry E. BranstadJanuary 14, 2011IncumbentRepublican47 Kim Reynolds[N 5]

Other high offices held[edit]

This is a table of congressional seats, other federal offices, and other governorships held by governors. All representatives and senators mentioned represented Iowa. * denotes those offices which the governor resigned to take.

NameGubernatorial termU.S. CongressOther offices held
HouseSenate
Robert Lucas1838–1841 (territorial)Governor of Ohio
James W. Grimes1854–1858S
Samuel J. Kirkwood1860–1864S*U.S. Secretary of the Interior
Cyrus C. Carpenter1872–1876H
John H. Gear1878–1881HS
Leslie M. Shaw1898–1902U.S. Secretary of the Treasury
Albert B. Cummins1902–1908S*President pro tempore of the Senate
N. E. Kendall1921–1925H
Clyde L. Herring1933–1937S
George A. Wilson1939–1943S
Bourke B. Hickenlooper1943–1945S
Harold E. Hughes1963–1969S*
Tom Vilsack1999–2007U.S. Secretary of Agriculture

Living former governors[edit]

As of August 2013, five former governors were alive, the oldest being Robert D. Ray (1969–1983, born 1928). The most recent governor to die was Leo A. Hoegh (1955–1957), on July 15, 2000. The most recently-serving governor to die was Harold E. Hughes (1963–1969), on October 23, 1996.

NameGubernatorial termDate of birth
Robert D. Fulton1969(1929-05-13) May 13, 1929 (age 84)
Robert D. Ray1969–1983(1928-09-26) September 26, 1928 (age 85)
Terry E. Branstad1983–1999, 2011-present(1946-11-17) November 17, 1946 (age 67)
Tom Vilsack1999–2007(1950-12-13) December 13, 1950 (age 63)
Chet Culver2007–2011(1966-01-25) January 25, 1966 (age 47)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Resigned to take an elected seat in the United States Senate.
  2. ^ a b c d As lieutenant governor, filled unexpired term.
  3. ^ Amendment 11 to the Iowa constitution, passed in 1904, shifted the state's election cycle forward one year, such that terms would begin on odd years. This lengthened Cummins' second term to three years (1904–1907).
  4. ^ Died in office.
  5. ^ Governor Branstad's term expires on January 9, 2015.

References[edit]

General
Constitution
Specific
  1. ^ Iowa Constitution, Article IV, § 1.
  2. ^ Iowa Constitution, Article IV, § 7.
  3. ^ Iowa Constitution, Article IV, § 9.
  4. ^ Iowa Constitution, Article III, § 16.
  5. ^ Iowa Constitution, Article IV, § 11.
  6. ^ Iowa Constitution, Article IV, § 16.
  7. ^ a b Iowa Constitution, Article IV, § 2.
  8. ^ Iowa Constitution, Article IV, § 15.
  9. ^ Iowa Constitution, Amend. 32.
  10. ^ Iowa Constitution, Article IV, § 6.
  11. ^ Iowa Constitution, Article IV, § 17.

External links[edit]