List of Crayola crayon colors

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Twelve of Crayola's 133 standard crayon colors
Crayola's thirteen retired colors

Crayola crayons have come in many colors since their introduction in 1903. By 1905, Binney & Smith's Crayola crayon product line had reached 30 colors.[1] In 1958, the number of colors increased to 64. Eight fluorescent colors were introduced in 1972, increasing the number of colors to 72. In 1990, the total increased to 80 colors with the introduction of 16 colors and the discontinuation of eight colors. The number of colors was increased to 96 in 1993 and to 120 in 1998, though with thirteen crayons being retired along the way, the total of colors is 133.[2] Along with the regular packs of crayons, there have been many specialty sets, including Silver Swirls,[3] Gem Tones,[4] Pearl Brite,[5] Metallic FX,[6] Magic Scent,[7] Silly Scents,[8] and more.

Colors have been renamed through the years. In 1958, Prussian Blue was renamed Midnight Blue due to the name's associations with the Holocaust. The color known as Flesh was renamed Peach in 1962, partially in response to the U.S. Civil Rights Movement. Indian Red was renamed Chestnut in 1999 due to concern that some children thought the crayon color represented the skin color of Native Americans.[2] According to the company, however, the name originally referred to a reddish-brown pigment from India that is used in artists' oil paint.[2] In the past, some crayons have been temporarily renamed, such as the 2004 State-Your-Color Contest[9] crayons and the eight Kids' Choice Colors in the 2008 50th anniversary 64-count box.[10]

Standard colors[edit]

This is a list of the 133 standard Crayola crayon colors as of 2009. According to its chronology page, each "core color" was introduced in a specific year. The pack added shows what pack the crayon color is added in (there are 8, 16, 24, 48, 64, 72, 80, 96, and 120 packs).[2] These dates are shown in the table below. The "Sp" column shows special types of crayons: F – fluorescent; M – metallic; P – Pastel;. The hex triplets below are approximately representative of the colors produced by the named crayons.[11]

ColorHex Code
(approximate)†
RGB
(approximate)†
Pack addedIssuedRetiredSpNotes
1Almond#EFDECD(239, 222, 205)1201998
2Antique Brass#CD9575(205, 149, 117)1201998M
3Apricot#FDD9B5(253, 217, 181)241949
4Aquamarine#78DBE2(120, 219, 226)641958
5Asparagus#87A96B(135, 169, 107)961993
6Atomic Tangerine#FFA474(255, 164, 116)721972FRenamed from "Ultra Yellow" in 1990
7Banana Mania#FAE7B5(250, 231, 181)1201998
8Beaver#9F8170(159, 129, 112)1201998
9Bittersweet#FD7C6E(253, 124, 110)481949
10Black#000000(0,0,0)81903
11Blizzard Blue#ACE5EE(172, 229, 238)7219722003FRenamed from "Ultra Blue" in 1990
12Blue#1F75FE(31, 117, 254)81903
13Blue Bell#A2A2D0(162, 162, 208)1201998P
14Blue Gray#6699CC(102, 153, 204)6419581990
15Blue Green#0D98BA(13, 152, 186)161949
16Blue Violet#7366BD(115, 102, 189)161949
17Blush#DE5D83(222, 93, 131)1201998Renamed from "Cranberry" in 2000
18Brick Red#CB4154(203, 65, 84)481949
19Brown#B4674D(180, 103, 77)81903
20Burnt Orange#FF7F49(255, 127, 73)641958
21Burnt Sienna#EA7E5D(234, 126, 93)481949
22Cadet Blue#B0B7C6(176, 183, 198)641958
23Canary#FFFF99(255, 255, 153)1201998P
24Caribbean Green#00CC99(0, 204, 153)1201997
25Carnation Pink#FFAACC(255, 170, 204)161949
26Cerise#DD4492(221, 68, 146)961993
27Cerulean#1DACD6(29, 172, 214)241990
28Chestnut#BC5D58(188, 93, 88)641958Renamed from "Indian Red" in 1999
29Copper#DD9475(221, 148, 117)641958M
30Cornflower#9ACEEB(154, 206, 235)481949
31Cotton Candy#FFBCD9(255, 188, 217)1201998
32Dandelion#FDDB6D(253, 219, 109)241990
33Denim#2B6CC4(43, 108, 196)961993
34Desert Sand#EFCDB8(239, 205, 184)1201998
35Eggplant#6E5160(110, 81, 96)1201998
36Electric Lime#CEFF1D(206, 255, 29)801990F
37Fern#71BC78(113, 188, 120)1201998
38Forest Green#6DAE81(109, 174, 129)641958
39Fuchsia#C364C5(195, 100, 197)801990
40Fuzzy Wuzzy#CC6666(204, 102, 102)1201998
41Gold#E7C697(231, 198, 151)481949M
42Goldenrod#FCD975(252, 217, 117)641958
43Granny Smith Apple#A8E4A0(168, 228, 160)961993
44Gray#95918C(149, 145, 140)241949
45Green#1CAC78(28, 172, 120)81903
46Green Blue#1164B4(17, 100, 180)4819491990
47Green Yellow#F0E891(240, 232, 145)241949
48Hot Magenta#FF1DCE(255, 29, 206)721972F
49Inchworm#B2EC5D(178, 236, 93)1202003
50Indigo#5D76CB(93, 118, 203)242000
51Jazzberry Jam#CA3767(202, 55, 103)1202003
52Jungle Green#3BB08F(59, 176, 143)801990
53Laser Lemon#FEFE22(254, 254, 34)721972FRenamed from "Chartreuse" in 1990
54Lavender#FCB4D5(252, 180, 213)641958
55Lemon Yellow#FFF44F(255, 244, 79)4819491990
56Macaroni and Cheese#FFBD88(255, 189, 136)961993
57Magenta#F664AF(246, 100, 175)481949
58Magic Mint#AAF0D1(170, 240, 209)12019902003F
59Mahogany#CD4A4C(205, 74, 76)481949
60Maize#EDD19C(237, 209, 156)4819491990
61Manatee#979AAA(151, 154, 170)1201998
62Mango Tango#FF8243(255, 130, 67)1202003
63Maroon#C8385A(200, 56, 90)481949
64Mauvelous#EF98AA(239, 152, 170)961993
65Melon#FDBCB4(253, 188, 180)481949
66Midnight Blue#1A4876(26, 72, 118)481949Renamed from "Prussian Blue" in 1958
67Mountain Meadow#30BA8F(48, 186, 143)1201998
68Mulberry#C54B8C(197, 75, 140)6419582003
69Navy Blue#1974D2(25, 116, 210)641958
70Neon Carrot#FFA343(255, 163, 67)801990F
71Olive Green#BAB86C(186, 184, 108)481949
72Orange#FF7538(255, 117, 56)81903
73Orange Red#FF2B2B(255, 43, 43)4819491990
74Orange Yellow#F8D568(248, 213, 104)4819491990
75Orchid#E6A8D7(230, 168, 215)481949
76Outer Space#414A4C(65, 74, 76)1201998
77Outrageous Orange#FF6E4A(255, 110, 74)721972FRenamed from "Ultra Orange" in 1990
78Pacific Blue#1CA9C9(28, 169, 201)961993
79Peach#FFCFAB(255, 207, 171)481949Renamed from "Flesh" in 1962
80Periwinkle#C5D0E6(197, 208, 230)481949P
81Piggy Pink#FDDDE6(253, 221, 230)1201998P
82Pine Green#158078(21, 128, 120)481949
83Pink Flamingo#FC74FD(252, 116, 253)1201997F
84Pink Sherbert#F78FA7(247, 143, 167)1201998Renamed from "Brink Pink" in 2000
85Plum#8E4585(142, 69, 133)641958
86Purple Heart#7442C8(116, 66, 200)1201998
87Purple Mountain's Majesty#9D81BA(157, 129, 186)961993P
88Purple Pizzazz#FE4EDA(254, 78, 218)801990F
89Radical Red#FF496C(255, 73, 108)801990F
90Raw Sienna#D68A59(214, 138, 89)641958
91Raw Umber#714B23(113, 75, 35)6419581990
92Razzle Dazzle Rose#FF48D0(255, 72, 208)801990F
93Razzmatazz#E3256B(227, 37, 107)961993
94Red#EE204D(238, 32, 77)81903
95Red Orange#FF5349(255, 83, 73)161949
96Red Violet#C0448F(192, 68, 143)161949
97Robin's Egg Blue#1FCECB(31, 206, 203)961993
98Royal Purple#7851A9(120, 81, 169)961990
99Salmon#FF9BAA(255, 155, 170)481949
100Scarlet#FC2847(252, 40, 71)241998Renamed from "Torch Red" in 2000
101Screamin' Green#76FF7A(118, 255, 122)721972FRenamed from "Ultra Green" in 1990
102Sea Green#93DFB8(147, 223, 184)481949P
103Sepia#A5694F(165, 105, 79)641958
104Shadow#8A795D(138, 121, 93)1201998
105Shamrock#45CEA2(69, 206, 162)961993
106Shocking Pink#FB7EFD(251, 126, 253)721972FRenamed from "Ultra Pink" in 1990
107Silver#CDC5C2(205, 197, 194)481949M
108Sky Blue#80DAEB(128, 218, 235)641958
109Spring Green#ECEABE(236, 234, 190)481949P
110Sunglow#FFCF48(255, 207, 72)801990F
111Sunset Orange#FD5E53(253, 94, 83)1201997
112Tan#FAA76C(250, 167, 108)481949
113Teal Blue#18A7B5(24, 167, 181)8019902003P
114Thistle#EBC7DF(235, 199, 223)4819492000P
115Tickle Me Pink#FC89AC(252, 137, 172)961993
116Timberwolf#DBD7D2(219, 215, 210)961993
117Tropical Rain Forest#17806D(23, 128, 109)961993
118Tumbleweed#DEAA88(222, 170, 136)961993
119Turquoise Blue#77DDE7(119, 221, 231)481949
120Unmellow Yellow#FFFF66(255, 255, 102)801990F
121Violet (Purple)#926EAE(146, 110, 174)81903
122Violet Blue#324AB2(50, 74, 178)4819491990
123Violet Red#F75394(247, 83, 148)241949
124Vivid Tangerine#FFA089(255, 160, 137)801990
125Vivid Violet#8F509D(143, 80, 157)1201997
126White#FFFFFF(255, 255, 255)161949
127Wild Blue Yonder#A2ADD0(162, 173, 208)1202003
128Wild Strawberry#FF43A4(255, 67, 164)801990
129Wild Watermelon#FC6C85(252, 108, 133)721972FRenamed from "Ultra Red" in 1990
130Wisteria#CDA4DE(205, 164, 222)961993P
131Yellow#FCE883(252, 232, 131)81903
132Yellow Green#C5E384(197, 227, 132)161949
133Yellow Orange#FFAE42(255, 174, 66)161949

Remarks:

Specialty crayons[edit]

Silver Swirls[edit]

16 of 24 Silver Swirls

In 1990, Crayola released the Silver Swirls, a pack of 24 silvery colors. The colors' hexadecimal values are approximated below:[12]

Aztec GoldBurnished BrownCerulean FrostCinnamon Satin
#C39953#A17A74#6D9BC3#CD607E
Copper PennyCosmic CobaltGlossy GrapeGranite Gray
#AD6F69#2E2D88#AB92B3#676767
Green SheenLilac LusterMisty MossMystic Maroon
#6EAEA1#AE98AA#BBB477#AD4379
Pearly PurplePewter BluePolished PineQuick Silver
#B768A2#8BA8B7#5DA493#A6A6A6
Rose DustRusty RedShadow BlueShiny Shamrock
#9E5E6F#DA2C43#778BA5#5FA778
Steel TealSugar PlumTwilight LavenderWintergreen Dream
#5F8A8B#914E75#8A496B#56887D

Multicultural[edit]

In 1992 Crayola released a set of eight multicultural crayons which, "come in an assortment of skin hues that give a child a realistic palette for coloring their world."[13] The eight colors used came from their standard list of colors, and the set was, for the most part, well received, though there has also been some criticism.[14][15]

ColorHex Code
(approximate)
RGB
(approximate)
Notes
3Apricot#FDD9B5(253, 217, 181)
10Black#000000(0,0,0)
21Burnt Sienna#EA7E5D(234, 126, 93)
59Mahogany#CD4A4C(205, 74, 76)
79Peach#FFCFAB(255, 207, 171)Renamed from "Flesh" in 1962
103Sepia#A5694F(165, 105, 79)
112Tan#FAA76C(250, 167, 108)
126White#FFFFFF(255, 255, 255)

Magic Scent[edit]

16 of 30 Crayola Magic Scent crayons

In 1994, Crayola produced a 16-pack of crayons that released fragrances when used. In 1995, Crayola changed some of the scents because of complaints received by parents that some of the crayons smelled good enough to eat, like the Cherry, Chocolate, & Blueberry scented crayons.[16] Crayons with food scents were retired in favor of non-food scents. The colors' hexadecimal values are approximated below:[17]

Baby PowderBananaBlueberryBubble Gum
#FEFEFA#FFD12A#4F86F7#FFD3F8
Cedar ChestCherryChocolateCoconut
#C95A49#DA2647#BD8260#FEFEFE
DaffodilDirtEucalyptusFresh Air
#FFFF31#9B7653#44D7A8#A6E7FF
GrapeJelly BeanLeather JacketLemon
#6F2DA8#DA614E#253529#FFFF38
LicoriceLilacLimeLumber
#1A1110#DB91EF#B2F302#FFE4CD
New CarOrangePeachPine
#214FC6#FF8866#FFD0B9#45A27D
RoseShampooSmokeSoap
#FF5050#FFCFF1#738276#CEC8EF
 StrawberryTulip 
 #FC5A8D#FF878D 

Gem Tones[edit]

Crayola Gem Tones

In 1994, Crayola released the Gem Tones, a pack of 16 crayons modeled after precious stones. The colors' hexadecimal values are approximated below:

AmethystCitrineEmeraldJade
#64609A#933709#14A989#469A84
JasperLapis LazuliMalachiteMoonstone
#D05340#436CB9#469496#3AA8C1
OnyxPeridotPink PearlRose Quartz
#353839#ABAD48#B07080#BD559C
RubySapphireSmokey TopazTiger's Eye
#AA4069#2D5DA1#832A0D#B56917

Changeables[edit]

Crayola Changeables crayons

The Crayola Changeables crayons were introduced in 1995. The chart[18] includes the color changer, an off-white crayon that goes on clear and initiates the color changes in the other crayons from the "From color" to the "To color".

From
color
To
color
BlueMagenta
#C0E7F1#EB58DD
GreenViolet
#91E351#963D7F
OrangeBlack
#FF8071#000000
PinkYellow
#FF8ABA#FFF7CC
RedBlue
#F4405D#131391
YellowGreen
#FDFD07#4F7948
Color changer
#FFE9D1

Color Mix-Up[edit]

In 1997, Crayola released a 16-pack of crayons, each of which contains a solid color with flecks of two other colors in it. Colors in chart below are approximated.[19] The predominant color is represented by the background color, and colors of the flecks are represented by the text. The hex RGB values are in the order of the predominant color and then the flecks. Colors for crayons other than Mixed Veggies and Star Spangled Banner come from information on the crayon wrapper.

Crayon nameCrayon nameCrayon nameCrayon name
PrimeOther1Other2PrimeOther1Other2PrimeOther1Other2PrimeOther1Other2
Baby's BlanketBlazing BonfireCool And CrazyLemon Lime Zing
#FF8ABA#1F75FE#1CAC78#FCE883#FF7538#EE204D#FFFFFF#7851A9#0D98BA#FCE883#1CAC78#1F75FE
Magenta Mix-UpMixed VeggiesOff-RoadPeaches 'n Cream
#FCB4D5#1F75FE#C8385A#B6B650#BD0B4C#F2DD87#DEAA88#2B6CC4#C8385A#FFFFFF#FFCFAB#FCE883
RainforestShrimp CocktailSouthwestStar Spangled Banner
#6DAE81#5D76CB#7851A9#FFFFFF#FF7538#C8385A#FFFFFF#FF7538#5D76CB#F8EFE6#1F75FE#EE204D
StonewashedSurf's UpTwisterWarm And Fuzzy
#80DAEB#2B6CC4#C8385A#FFFFFF#1CA9C9#FCE883#FFFFFF#1CAC78#FF7538#FF8ABA#FF7538#1F75FE

Pearl Brite[edit]

Crayola Pearl Brite, Color Mix-Up, and Crayons with Glitter

In 1997, Crayola released a 16-pack of Pearl Brite crayons:[20] The colors are those named below, each followed by the word "Pearl".

AquaBlack CoralCaribbean GreenCultured
#5FBED7#54626F#6ADA8E#F5F5F5
Key LimeMandarinMidnightMystic
#E8F48C#F37A48#702670#D65282
Ocean BlueOcean GreenOrchidRose
#4F42B5#48BF91#7B4259#F03865
SalmonSunnySunsetTurquoise
#F1444A#F2F27A#F1CC79#3BBCD0

Crayons with Glitter[edit]

In 1999, Crayola released Crayons with Glitter as part of a Special Effects crayons package. In the below list, the background represents crayon color, and the highlighted "square of glitter" around text represents glitter color.

Crayon nameCrayon name
PrimaryOtherPrimaryOther
 Black With Glitzy Gold Glitter  Blue With Shimmering Silver Glitter 
#000000#E7C697#1F75FE#CDC5C2
 Blue Green with Glitzy Gold Glitter  Carnation Pink With Lavender Glitter 
#0D98BA#E7C697#FFAACC#FCB4D5
 Green With Twinkling Turquoise Glitter  Maroon With Glitzy Gold Glitter 
#1CAC78#77DDE7#C8385A#E7C697
 Orange With Twinkling Turquoise Glitter  Orchid With Twinkling Turquoise Glitter 
#FF7538#77DDE7#E6A8D7#77DDE7
 Red With Shimmering Silver Glitter  Red Violet With Glitzy Gold Glitter 
#EE204D#CDC5C2#C0448F#E7C697
 Royal Purple With Ruby Red Glitter  Sky Blue With Glitzy Gold Glitter 
#7851A9#EE204D#80DAEB#E7C697
 White With Confetti Glitte White With Glitzy Gold Glitter 
#FFFFFFVarious#FFFFFF#E7C697
 Yellow With Rainbow Glitte Yellow Green With Silver Glitter 
#FCE883Various#C5E384#CDC5C2

Metallic FX[edit]

Crayola Metallic FX crayons

In 2001, Crayola produced the Metallic FX crayons, a set of 16 metallic crayons whose names were chosen through a contest open to residents of the U.S. and Canada.[21] The hex triplets below are representative of the colors produced by the named crayons.[11]

ColorHex CodeRGB
1Alloy Orange#C46210(196, 98, 16)
2B'dazzled Blue#2E5894(46, 88, 148)
3Big Dip O' Ruby#9C2542(156, 37, 66)
4Bittersweet Shimmer#BF4F51(191, 79, 81)
5Blast Off Bronze#A57164(165, 113, 100)
6Cyber Grape#58427C(88, 66, 124)
7Deep Space Sparkle#4A646C(74, 100, 108)
8Gold Fusion#85754E(133, 117, 78)
9Illuminating Emerald#319177(49, 145, 119)
10Metallic Seaweed#0A7E8C(10, 126, 140)
11Metallic Sunburst#9C7C38(156, 124, 56)
12Razzmic Berry#8D4E85(141, 78, 133)
13Sheen Green#8FD400(143, 212, 0)
14Shimmering Blush#D98695(217, 134, 149)
15Sonic Silver#757575(117, 117, 117)
16Steel Blue#0081AB(0, 129, 171)

Gel FX[edit]

In 2001, Crayola produced the Gel FX crayons. However, it didn't contain any color names. The hex triplets below are representative of the colors produced by the named crayons.

ColorHex CodeRGB
#FFBF7F(255, 191, 127)
#00D0B5(0, 208, 181)
#7853A8(120, 83, 168)
#63A5C3(99, 165, 195)
#0081FF(0, 172, 252)
#FF3399(255, 51, 153)
#CF0060(207, 0, 96)
#FFFFFF(0, 0, 0)
#FF6699(255, 102, 153)
#8F5873(143, 88, 115)
#F26D7D(242, 109, 125)
#6666CC(102, 102, 204)
#F58345(245, 131, 69)
#FFFF66(255, 255, 102)
#99FF99(153, 255, 153)
#12E3DB(18, 227, 219)

Silly Scents[edit]

Crayola Silly Scents.

The Silly Scents are produced by Crayola in a 16-pack. Colors are approximated.[17]

Alien ArmpitBig Foot FeetBooger BusterDingy Dungeon
#84DE02#E88E5A#DDE26A#C53151
Gargoyle GasGiant's ClubMagic PotionMummy's Tomb
#FFDF46#B05C52#FF4466#828E84
Ogre OdorPixie PowderPrincess PerfumeSasquatch Socks
#FD5240#391285#FF85CF#FF4681
Sea SerpentSmashed PumpkinSunburnt CyclopsWinter Wizard
#4BC7CF#FF6D3A#FF404C#A0E6FF

Heads 'n Tails[edit]

Crayola Heads 'n Tails crayons

The eight Heads 'n Tails crayons are double-sided and encased in plastic tubes that function much like the ones on Crayola Twistables. Each crayon has two shades of color, for a total of 16 colors, which are approximated by the background colors and hex RGB values below.[22]

Sizzling RedRed SalsaTart OrangeOrange Soda
#FF3855#FD3A4A#FB4D46#FA5B3D
Bright YellowYellow SunshineSlimy GreenGreen Lizard
#FFAA1D#FFF700#299617#A7F432
Denim BlueBlue JeansPlump PurplePurple Plum
#2243B6#5DADEC#5946B2#9C51B6
Sweet BrownBrown SugarEerie BlackBlack Shadows
#A83731#AF6E4D#1B1B1B#BFAFB2

True to Life[edit]

Crayola True to Life crayons

In 2007, Crayola released the set of eight True to Life crayons. Each crayon is extra-long and contained within a plastic casing similar to that of Crayola Twistables crayons. In the table, the background approximates the primary color and the text is in the two supporting colors. The approximate RGB hex values for each are given as well.

Crayon nameCrayon name
PrimaryOther1Other2PrimaryOther1Other2
Amazon ForestCaribbean Current
#92F646#FDFE03#CBFB07#5D8DDF#DACED2#30D6A4
Florida SunriseGrand Canyon
#FFB329#FFD82C#FFCC6B#6D3834#B36058#000000
Maui SunsetMilky Way
#8E599F#EC872B#FA79B9#070707#8D479D#6E7FE7
Sahara DesertYosemite Campfire
#F5CBBD#B06E54#D0C6C6#ED4C44#EF8E30#A95E34

Extreme Twistables colors[edit]

Crayola's Extreme Colors Twistables

In 2009, Crayola released eight crayons in long twistable barrels.[23] The approximate colors and RGB hex values are shown below.

Fiery RoseSizzling SunriseHeat WaveLemon Glacier
#FF5470#FFDB00#FF7A00#FDFF00
Spring FrostAbsolute ZeroWinter SkyFrostbite
#87FF2A#0048BA#FF007C#E936A7

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ New York Teachers Monographs. Vol 7 (No 1 ed.). New York, NY: American Book Company. Mar 1905. p. 125. 
  2. ^ a b c d "Crayon & Color Info". Crayola LLC. Retrieved 2013-03-29. 
  3. ^ "Crayola Crayon Chronology — Silver Swirls". Crayola LLC. Retrieved 2009-04-08. ; re-accessed April 19, 2008
  4. ^ "Crayola Crayon Chronology — Gem Tones". Crayola LLC. Retrieved 2009-04-08. ; re-accessed April 19, 2008
  5. ^ "Crayola Crayon Chronology — Pearl Brite". Crayola LLC. Retrieved 2009-04-08. ; re-accessed April 19, 2008
  6. ^ Crayola.com - Crayola Metallic Crayons
  7. ^ "Crayola Crayon Chronology — Magic Scent 16". Crayola LLC. Retrieved 2009-04-08. ; re-accessed April 19, 2008
  8. ^ TheCrayolaStore.com - Crayola Silly Scents Crayons (52-3417)
  9. ^ Listology.com - Crayola State Colors and Their Standard Equivalents
  10. ^ Reuters, Crayola 64 Box Turns 50, from Business Wire, 2008
  11. ^ a b "Custom Box Creator". SureSource LLC. from the web page source. Archived from the original on 2013-01-17. Retrieved 2013-03-30. 
  12. ^ [1][dead link]
  13. ^ http://www.crayolastore.com/product/crayolareg-large-multicultural-crayons-8-ct
  14. ^ http://mediamatters.org/blog/2011/04/07/fox-amp-friends-outraged-crayola-recognizes-mor/178446
  15. ^ http://www.latinorebels.com/2012/11/17/crayola-doesnt-understand-the-meaning-of-multicultural/
  16. ^ NYTimes.com - After a Protest by Parents, Crayola Changes Its Recipes
  17. ^ a b "Silly Scents & Magic Scents samples for Wikipedia reference". Retrieved 2009-04-24. 
  18. ^ "(image)". Tinypic.com. Retrieved 13 November 2013. 
  19. ^ [2][dead link]
  20. ^ [3][dead link]
  21. ^ BINNEY & SMITH NAME THE METALLIC CRAYON COLORS CONTEST - OFFICIAL RULES[dead link]
  22. ^ [4][dead link]
  23. ^ [5][dead link]