List of Chinese dishes

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Dishes by ingredient[edit source | edit]

Grain-based dishes[edit source | edit]

Noodles[edit source | edit]

EnglishTraditional ChineseSimplified ChinesePinyinNotes
Chinese noodles麵條面条miàntiáoplain noodles
Chow mein炒麵炒面chǎomiàn
Noodle soup湯麵汤面tāngmiàn
Zhajiangmian炸醬麵炸酱面zhájiàngmiànnoodles mixed with sauce

Rice-based dishes[edit source | edit]

EnglishTraditional ChineseSimplified ChinesePinyinNotes
Rice米飯米饭mǐfànplain rice
Fried Rice炒飯炒饭chǎofàn

Legume-based dishes[edit source | edit]

EnglishTraditional ChineseSimplified ChinesePinyinNotes
Mapo doufu麻婆豆腐麻婆豆腐mápó dòufǔ
Soy milk豆奶 / 豆漿豆奶 / 豆浆dòunǎi / dòujiāngserved in either sweet or "salty" form
Stinky tofu臭豆腐臭豆腐chòudòufǔ
Suan cai酸菜酸菜suāncàifemented cabbage
Tofu豆腐豆腐dòufǔplain bean curd

Pork-based dishes[edit source | edit]

EnglishTraditional ChineseSimplified ChinesePinyinNotes
Dongpo pork東坡肉东坡肉Dōngpō ròu
Sweet and sour pork咕咾肉咕咾肉gǔlǎoròu
Twice cooked pork回鍋肉回锅肉huíguōròu
Char siu叉燒叉烧chāshāobarbecued pork

Poultry-based dishes[edit source | edit]

EnglishTraditional ChineseSimplified ChinesePinyinNotes
Century egg皮蛋皮蛋pídàn
Duck's headA famous snack in parts of China
Kung Pao chicken宮保雞丁宫保鸡丁gōngbǎo jīdīng
Peking Duck北京烤鴨北京烤鸭Běijīng kǎoyāthe trademark dish of Beijing
Soy egg滷蛋卤蛋lǔdànhard boiled egg
Tea egg茶葉蛋茶叶蛋cháyèdàn

Vegetable-based dishes[edit source | edit]

EnglishTraditional ChineseSimplified ChinesePinyinNotes
Buddha's delight羅漢齋罗汉斋luóhàn zhāia vegetarian dish popular among Buddhists
Pickled vegetables醬菜酱菜jiàngcài

Dishes by cooking method[edit source | edit]

EnglishTraditional ChineseSimplified ChinesePinyinNotes
Double steaming / double boilingdùna Chinese cooking technique to prepare delicate and often expensive ingredients. The food is covered with water and put in a covered ceramic jar, and is then steamed for several hours.
Red cooking紅燒红烧hóngshāoseveral different slow-cooked stews characterized by the use of soy sauce and/or caramelised sugar and various ingredients.
Stir frying炒 / 爆炒 / 爆chǎo / bàotwo fast Chinese cooking techniques.

Dumplings[edit source | edit]

EnglishTraditional ChineseSimplified ChinesePinyinNotes
Baozi包子包子bāozǐsteamed buns with fillings
Dim sum點心点心diǎnxīna staple of Cantonese cuisine
Guotie鍋貼锅贴guōtiēfried dumplings
Jiaozi餃子饺子jiǎozǐsteamed or boiled dumplings
Mantou饅頭馒头mántóusteamed buns
Wonton餛飩 / 雲吞馄钝 / 云吞húntún / yúntūnsphere-shaped dumplings usually served boiled in broth or deep-fried
Xiaolongbao小籠包小笼包xiǎolóngbāosoup dumplings, a specialty of Shanghai cuisine
Zongzi粽子粽子zòngzǐglutinous rice wrapped in bamboo leaves, usually with a savory or sweet filling

Pastry[edit source | edit]

EnglishTraditional ChineseSimplified ChinesePinyinNotes
Longevity buns長壽包长寿包chángshòubāosteamed buns filled with bean paste and shaped like peaches, usually served on birthdays
Cong you bing蔥油餅葱油饼cōngyóubǐngscallion pancakes
Mooncake月餅月饼yuèbǐngusually eaten during the Mid-Autumn Festival
Sachima沙琪瑪沙琪玛shāqímǎa sweet pastry
Shaobing燒餅烧饼shāobǐnga flaky baked or pan-seared dough pastry
Youtiao油條油条yóutiáolong strips of deep-fried dough

Soups, stews and porridge[edit source | edit]

EnglishTraditional ChineseSimplified ChinesePinyinNotes
CongeezhōuChinese rice porridge
Hot and sour soup酸辣湯酸辣汤suānlàtāng
Hot pot火鍋火锅huǒguō
Tong sui糖水糖水tángshuǐa sweet soup served as dessert in Cantonese cuisine

Dishes by region[edit source | edit]

Anhui[edit source | edit]

EnglishTraditional ChineseSimplified ChinesePinyinNotes
Bang Tofu八公山豆腐八公山豆腐bāgōngshān dòufǔ
Bright Pearl Abalone明珠酥鮑明珠酥鲍míngzhū sūbào
Caterpillar Fungus Duck蟲草燉老鴨虫草炖老鸭chóngcǎo dùn lǎoyā
Crab and Fish Stomachs蟹連魚肚蟹连鱼肚xièlián yúdù
Crab-apple Flower Cake海棠酥海棠酥hǎitángsū
Dried Pot Tofu乾鍋素肉干锅素肉gānguō sùròu
Five Colours Fish Cake五彩魚片五彩鱼片wǔcǎi yúpiàn
Flower Mushroom Frog花菇田雞花菇田鸡huāgū tiánjī
Fried Pumpkin Dumplings南瓜蒸餃南瓜蒸饺nánguā zhēngjiǎo
Fried Tofu Curd Balls豆腐渣丸子豆腐渣丸子dòufǔzhā wánzi
Fuli Roast Chicken符離集燒雞符离集烧鸡fúlíjí shāojī
Ginger Duck姜母鴨姜母鸭jiāng mǔyā
Hay Wrapped Fragrant Ribs稻香排骨稻香排骨dàoxiāng páigǔ
Jade Rabbit Sea Cucumber玉兔海參玉兔海参yùtù hǎishēn
Lotus Seed Pod Fish蓮蓬魚莲蓬鱼liánpéng yú
Phoenix Tail Shrimp鳳尾蝦排凤尾虾排fèngwěi xiāpái
Potato Croquet土豆炸餃土豆炸饺tǔdòu zhájiǎo
Silver Fish Fried Egg銀魚煎蛋银鱼煎蛋yínyú jiāndàn
Soy Braised Mandarin Fish紅燒臭鱖魚红烧臭鱖鱼hóngshāo chòu guìyú

Beijing[edit source | edit]

EnglishTraditional ChineseSimplified ChinesePinyinNotes
Peking Duck北京烤鴨北京烤鸭Běijīng kǎoyā
Zhajiangmian炸醬麵炸酱面zhájiàngmiàn
Xianbing餡餅馅饼xiànbǐng
Crullers油條油条yóutiáoa deep fried strip of dough

Cantonese[edit source | edit]

EnglishTraditional ChineseSimplified ChinesePinyinJyutpingNotes
Braised abalone燜鮑魚焖鲍鱼mèn bàoyúmun6 baau1 jyu4
Shaved ice刨冰刨冰páobīngpaau4 bing1
Beef chow fun乾炒牛河干炒牛河gānchǎo niúhégon1 caau2 ngau4 ho4
Bird's nest soup燕窩燕窝yànwōjin1 wo1
Black sesame soup芝麻糊芝麻糊zhīmahúzi1 maa4 wu4
Cantonese seafood soup海皇羹海皇羹hǎihuáng gēnghoi2 wong4 gang1
Char siu叉燒叉烧chāshāocaa1 siu1
Crispy fried chicken炸子雞炸子鸡zházǐjīzaa3 zi2 gai1
Duck with taro陳皮芋頭鴨陈皮芋头鸭chénpí yùtóuyācan4 pei4 wu6 tau4 ngaap3
Guilinggao龜苓膏龟苓膏guīlínggāogwai1 ling4 gou1
Little pan rice煲仔飯煲仔饭bāozǎifànbou1 zai2 faan6
Red bean soup紅豆沙红豆沙hóngdòushāhung4 dau6 saa1
Roast squab乳鴿乳鸽rǔgējyu5 gap3
Roast suckling pig燒乳猪烧乳猪shāo rǔzhūsiu1 jyu5 zyu1
Sea cucumber海參海参hǎishēnhoi2 saam1
Seafood with bird's nest海鲜雀巢海鲜雀巢hǎixiān quècháohoi2 sin1 zoek3 caau4
Shark fin soup魚翅湯鱼翅汤yúchì tāngjyu4 ci3 tong1
Snow fungus soup銀耳湯银耳汤yín'ěr tāngngan4 ji5 tong1
Sour spare ribs生炒排骨生炒排骨shēngchǎo páigǔsaang1 caau2 paai4 gwat1
Spare ribs soup with watercress and apricot kernels南北杏西洋菜豬骨湯南北杏西洋菜猪骨汤nánběixìng xīyángcài zhūgǔ tāngnaam4 baak1 hang6 sai1 joeng4 coi3 zyu1 gwat1 tong1
White cut chicken白切雞白切鸡báiqièjībaak6 cit3 gai1
Winter melon soup冬瓜湯冬瓜汤dōngguā tāngdung1 gwaa1 tong1
Wonton noodles雲吞麵云吞面yúntūnmiànwan4 tan1 min6
Yeung Chow fried rice揚州炒飯扬州炒饭Yángzhōu chǎofànJoeng4 zau1 caau2 faan6
Youtiao油條油条yóutiáojau4 tiu4
Zhaliang炸兩炸两zháliǎngzaa3 loeng5

Chaozhou[edit source | edit]

EnglishTraditional ChineseSimplified ChinesePinyinNotes
Yusheng魚生鱼生yúshēng
Popiah薄餅薄饼báobǐng

Fujian[edit source | edit]

EnglishTraditional ChineseSimplified ChinesePinyinPe̍h-ōe-jīNotes
Buddha jumps over the wall佛跳牆佛跳墙fótiàoqiánghu̍t-thiàu-chhiûⁿ
Fried rice in Fujian style福建式炒飯福建式炒饭Fújiàn shì chǎofàn
Oyster omelette蚵仔煎蚵仔煎hézǎijiān
Popiah薄餅薄饼báobǐngpȯh-piáⁿ
Yanpi燕皮燕皮yànpí

Hainan[edit source | edit]

EnglishTraditional ChineseSimplified ChinesePinyinNotes
Hainanese chicken rice海南雞飯海南鸡饭Hǎinán jīfàn
Wenchang chicken文昌雞文昌鸡Wénchāng jī

Hunan[edit source | edit]

Jiangsu[edit source | edit]

Shandong[edit source | edit]

Sichuan[edit source | edit]

EnglishTraditional ChineseSimplified ChinesePinyinNotes
Chongqing spicy deep-fried chicken重庆辣子雞重庆辣子鸡Chóngqìng làzǐjī
Dandan noodles擔擔麵担担面dàndànmiàn
Fuqi Feipian夫妻肺片夫妻肺片fūqī fèipiàn
Sichuan hotpot四川火鍋四川火锅Sìchuān huǒguō
Kung Pao chicken宮保雞丁宫保鸡丁gōngbǎo jīdīng
Mapo tofu麻婆豆腐麻婆豆腐mápó dòufǔ
Shuizhu水煮水煮shuǐzhǔ
Twice cooked pork回鍋肉回锅肉huíguōròu
Zhangcha duck樟茶鴨樟茶鸭zhāngchá yā

Yunnan[edit source | edit]

EnglishTraditional ChineseSimplified ChinesePinyinNotes
Over Bridge Rice Noodles過橋米線过桥米线guòqiáo mǐxiàn

Zhejiang[edit source | edit]

EnglishTraditional ChineseSimplified ChinesePinyinNotes
Beggar's Chicken叫化雞叫化鸡jiàohuā jī
Braised Sliced Pork with Preserved Vegetables干菜燜肉干菜焖肉gāncài mènròu
Cold Chicken Cooked in Wine糟雞糟鸡zāojī
Dongpo Braised Pork東坡肉东坡肉dōngpō ròu
Fish Ball in Light Soup清湯魚圓清汤鱼圆qīngtāng yúyuán
Fried Eel Slices生爆鱔片生爆鳝片shēngbào shànpiàn
Fried Pigeon with Spiced Salt椒鹽乳鴿椒盐乳鸽jiāoyán rǔgē
Fried Shrimps with Longjing Tea龍井蝦仁龙井虾仁Lóngjǐng xiārén
Fried Stuffed Bean Curd Paste干炸響鈴干炸响铃gānzhá xiǎnglíng
Fried Sweet and Sour Pork糖醋里脊糖醋里脊tángcù lǐji
Hangzhou-Style Duck Pickled in Soy Sauce杭州醬鴨杭州酱鸭Hángzhōu jiàngyā
Old Duck Stewed with Bamboo Root & Ham笋干老鴨煲笋干老鸭煲sǔngān lǎoyā bāo
Red-Stewed Duck滷鴨卤鸭lǔ yā
Sauteed Broad Beans with Ham火腿蠶豆火腿蚕豆huǒtuǐ cándòu
Sauteed Shrimps油爆蝦油爆虾yóubào xiā
Sizzling Rice in Tomato Sauce番茄鍋巴番茄锅巴fānqié guōbā
Steamed Pork with Rice Flour in Lotus Leaf荷葉粉蒸肉荷叶粉蒸肉héyèfěn zhēngròu
Stewed Spring Bamboo Shoots油燜春笋油焖春笋yóumèn chūnsǔn[1]
Stir-Fried Spring Chicken with Chestnuts栗子炒子雞栗子炒子鸡lìzi chǎo zǐjī
West Lake Fish in Vinegar Sauce西湖醋魚西湖醋鱼xīhú cùyú

See also[edit source | edit]

References[edit source | edit]