List of Cape Canaveral and Merritt Island launch sites

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Map of launch complexes on Merritt Island and Cape Canaveral
Looking east at LC-36, 40 and 41 on CCAFS in 2005

Cape Canaveral and adjacent Merritt Island on Florida's Atlantic coast are home to two American spaceports, one civilian and one military, servicing several active launch sites.

John F. Kennedy Space Center[edit]

The civilian John F. Kennedy Space Center, operated by NASA, has one launch complex with two pads on Merritt Island. From 1968–1975, it was the site of 13 Saturn V launches, three manned Skylab flights and the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project; all Space Shuttle flights from 1981-2011, and 1 Ares 1-X flight in 2009.

SiteStatusUses
Launch Complex 39ANASA is in contract negotiation process for lease to SpaceX;
SpaceX is in pad redesign process[1][2]
Prior: Saturn V, Space Shuttle
Future: crewed Falcon 9, Falcon Heavy
Launch Complex 39BInactivePrior: Saturn V, Saturn IB (Skylab and Apollo-Soyuz), Space Shuttle
Future: Space Launch System

Cape Canaveral Air Force Station[edit]

The military Cape Canaveral Air Force Station (CCAFS), operated by the 45th Space Wing of the U.S. Air Force, was the site of all pre-Apollo 8 manned launches, as well as many other early Department of Defense (DoD) and NASA launches. For the DoD, it plays a secondary role to Vandenberg AFB in California, but is the launch site for many NASA unmanned space probes, as those spacecraft are typically launched on Air Force launchers. Active launch vehicles are in bold.

Much of the support activity for CCAFS occurs at Patrick Air Force Base to the south, its reporting base.

Active sites[edit]

SiteStatusUses
Space Launch Complex 40ActiveCurrent: Falcon 9 cargo and satellite missions
Formerly: Titan III, Titan IV
Space Launch Complex 41ActiveCurrent: Atlas V
Formerly: Titan III, Titan IV
Space Launch Complex 37BActiveCurrent: Delta IV
Formerly: Saturn I, Saturn IB

Inactive sites[edit]

SiteStatusUses
Launch Complex 1InactiveSnark, Matador, Aerostat
Launch Complex 2InactiveSnark, Matador, Aerostat
Launch Complex 3InactiveBumper-WAC, BOMARC, Polaris, X-17
Launch Complex 4InactiveBOMARC, Redstone, Matador, Jason, Draco
Launch Complex 4AInactiveBOMARC
Launch Complex 5InactiveJupiter, Redstone, Mercury/Redstone.
The site of all six manned and unmanned Mercury/Redstone launches.
Launch Complex 6InactiveRedstone, Jupiter
Launch Complex 9InactiveNavaho
Launch Complex 10InactiveJason, Draco, Nike Tomahawk
Launch Complex 11InactiveAtlas
Launch Complex 12InactiveAtlas, Atlas Agena
Launch Complex 13InactiveAtlas, Atlas Agena
Launch Complex 14InactiveAtlas, Mercury/Atlas D, Atlas Agena.
The site of all four manned Mercury/Atlas launches.
Launch Complex 15InactiveTitan I, Titan II
Launch Complex 16InactiveTitan I, Titan II, Pershing
Launch Complex 17AInactiveThor, Delta II
Space Launch Complex 17BInactiveDelta II, Delta III, Thor
Launch Complex 18InactiveViking, Vanguard, Thor, Blue Scout Junior, Blue Scout
Launch Complex 19InactiveTitan I, Gemini/Titan II.
The site of all ten manned Gemini/Titan II launches.
Launch Complex 20InactiveTitan I, Titan III, Starbird, Prospector, Aries, LCLV, Super Loki
Launch Complex 21InactiveGoose, Mace
Launch Complex 22InactiveGoose, Mace
Launch Complex 25InactivePolaris, X-17, Poseidon, Trident I
Launch Complex 26InactiveJupiter, Redstone
Launch site of Explorer 1 - the first successful U.S. satellite
Launch Complex 29InactivePolaris[3]
Launch Complex 30InactivePershing[citation needed]
Launch Complex 31InactiveMinuteman, Pershing.
Used as a burial vault for the Space Shuttle Challenger
Launch Complex 32InactiveMinuteman
Launch Complex 34InactiveSaturn I, Saturn IB.
Site of Apollo 1 fire
Launch Complex 37AInactiveSaturn I, Saturn IB (unused)
Launch Complex 43DemolishedSuper Loki
Launch Complex 45InactiveRoland (unused)[citation needed]

Spaceport Florida[edit]

Main article: Space Florida

As of 2008, the U.S. Air Force committed to lease Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Space Launch Complex 36 to Space Florida for future use by the Athena III launch system.[4] It is not known if the plan was subsequently implemented.[dated info]

SiteStatusUses
Space Launch Complex 36ACurrently InactiveAtlas/Centaur,[4] Atlas II[citation needed]
Space Launch Complex 36BCurrently InactiveAtlas, Atlas II, Atlas III
Space Launch Complex 46Pending Reactivation[citation needed]Athena (previous and future[citation needed]), Trident II[citation needed]

Other[edit]

SiteStatusUses
Atlantic Missile Range drop zoneInactiveHigh Virgo, Bold Orion, Hound Dog, Skybolt
Grand Turk Island drop zoneInactive
Mobile Launch AreaInactiveLark, Matador, MX-775, Snark[citation needed]
SLBM Launch AreaInactivePolaris, Poseidon, Trident
Shuttle Landing FacilityActivePegasus
Cape Canaveral AFS Skid StripActiveNavaho, Pegasus, Pegasus XL
Patrick AFBInactiveMatador

References[edit]

  1. ^ "SpaceX to bid for rights to historic NASA launch pad". Phys.org. 2013-12-13. Retrieved 2013-12-15. 
  2. ^ Boyle, Alan (2013-12-13). "SpaceX wins NASA's nod to take over historic Launch Pad 39A". NBC News. Retrieved 2013-12-18. 
  3. ^ "Launch Complex 29". Air Force Space & Missile Museum. Retrieved 2011-12-15. 
  4. ^ a b Craig Covault (Oct 27, 2008). "Boeing Joins Commercial Athena III Program". Retrieved 2010-12-23. 

External links[edit]