List of Canadian provinces and territories by population

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Breakdown of Canada's population from the 2011 census by province/territory

This is a list of Canadian provinces and territories by population based on Statistics Canada's 2011 census. Statistics Canada's most recent population estimates for the ten provinces and three territories are also presented.

Canada's population is concentrated in the areas close to the U.S. border. Canada's four largest provinces (Ontario, Quebec, British Columbia and Alberta) are also its most populous; together they account for 86% of the country's population. The territories (Nunavut, Yukon and the Northwest Territories) account for over a third of Canada's area but are home to only 0.3% of its population, which skews the national population density value. As a result, most Canadians live in areas with densities higher than the national average of 3.7 persons per square kilometre.

Canada's population grew by 5.9% between the 2006 and 2011 censuses.[1] All territories and provinces, excluding the Northwest Territories, increased in population from 2006 to 2011. In terms of percentage change, the fastest-growing province or territory was Yukon with an increase of 11.6% between 2006 and 2011, followed by Alberta with 10.8% growth. The Northwest Territories experienced a net loss of two people between 2006 and 2011.

Canada's population has increased every year since Confederation in 1867 (see List of population of Canada by years).


(2011 Census)
Percent of
population (2011)
 % growth
Land area
House of

House of
seats (%)
2013 population
(July est.) [2]
Percent of
population (2013)
1Flag of Ontario.svg Ontario12,851,82138.4%5.7%908,607.6714.110634.4%13,537,99438.5%
2Flag of Quebec.svg Quebec7,903,00123.6%4.7%1,356,547.025.87524.4%8,155,33423.2%
3Flag of British Columbia.svg British Columbia4,400,05713.1%7.0%922,509.294.83611.7%4,581,97813%
4Flag of Alberta.svg Alberta3,645,25710.9%10.8%640,081.875.7289.1%4,025,07411.4%
5Flag of Manitoba.svg Manitoba1,208,2683.6%5.2%552,329.522.2144.5%1,265,0153.6%
6Flag of Saskatchewan.svg Saskatchewan1,033,3813.1%6.7%588,239.211.8144.5%1,108,3033.2%
7Flag of Nova Scotia.svg Nova Scotia921,7272.8%0.9%52,939.4417.4113.6%940,7892.7%
8Flag of New Brunswick.svg New Brunswick751,1712.2%2.9%71,377.1810.5103.2%756,0502.2%
9Flag of Newfoundland and Labrador.svg Newfoundland and Labrador514,5361.5%1.8%370,510.761.472.3%526,7021.5%
10Flag of Prince Edward Island.svg Prince Edward Island140,2040.4%3.2%5,685.7324.741.3%145,2370.4%
11Flag of the Northwest Territories.svg Northwest Territories41,4620.1%0.01,143,793.470.010.3%43,5370.1%
12Flag of Yukon.svg Yukon33,8970.1%11.6%474,712.640.110.3%36,7000.1%
13Flag of Nunavut.svg Nunavut31,9060.1%8.3%1,877,787.620.010.3%35,5910.1%
TotalFlag of Canada.svg Canada33,476,688100%5.9%8,965,121.423.7308100%35,158,304100%

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2011 and 2006 censuses". Statistics Canada. 2012-04-11. Retrieved 2012-04-28. 
  2. ^ "Canada's total population estimates, 2013". Statistics Canada. September 26, 2013. Retrieved September 26, 2013.