List of Amtrak routes

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Amtrak operates the following intercity and long-distance passenger train routes.

To-scale map of Amtrak services

Current routes[edit]

NameRouteOriginNumbersFrequencyFY2009 Passengers[1]Route milesYearly Ridership per mile
Acela ExpressBostonWashington, DC (high-speed rail)PC2100–229015 trips per weekday, 4 trips per Saturday, 8 trips per Sunday3,019,6274566,622
AdirondackMontrealNew York via AlbanyD&H68–69daily104,681381275
Amtrak CascadesVancouver, BCEugene, Oregon via Portland and Seattle500–5175 trips daily (2 Seattle-Eugene, 1 Seattle-Portland, 1 Vancouver-Portland, 1 Vancouver-Seattle)740,1544671,585
Auto TrainLorton, VirginiaSanford, FloridaATC52–53daily232,955855272
Blue WaterChicagoPort Huron, MichiganGTW364–365daily132,851319416
California ZephyrChicagoEmeryville, California (Oakland/San Francisco)CB&Q, D&RGW, WP5–6daily345,5582,438142
Capitol CorridorAuburn, CaliforniaSacramentoSan Jose via Oakland518–553, 720–75116 trips per weekday (8 Oakland-Sacramento, 7 San Jose-Sacramento, 1 Oakland-Auburn), 11 trips per Saturday/Sunday (6 San Jose-Sacramento, 4 Oakland-Sacramento, 1 San Jose-Auburn)1,599,6251729,300
Capitol LimitedChicagoWashington, DC via Cleveland and PittsburghB&O29–30daily215,371764282
CardinalChicagoNew York via Indianapolis, Cincinnati, and Washington, DCPC, C&O50–513 trips per week108,6141,14795
Carl SandburgChicagoQuincy, IllinoisCB&Q381–382daily202,558258785
CarolinianNew YorkCharlotte, North Carolina79–80daily277,740704395
City of New OrleansChicagoNew OrleansIC58–59daily196,659926212
Coast StarlightSeattleLos Angeles via Sacramento and OaklandSP11, 14daily432,5651,377314
CrescentNew YorkNew Orleans via AtlantaSOU19–20daily286,5761,377208
DowneasterBrunswick, MaineBostonPAR680–6995 trips daily460,4741163,970
Empire BuilderChicagoPortland, Oregon/Seattle via MinneapolisSt. PaulGN7–8, 27–28daily515,4442,206 miles (Chicago–Seattle)

2,257 miles (Chicago–Portland)

199
Empire ServiceNew YorkNiagara Falls, New York via AlbanyPC230–2889 trips per weekday, (7 Albany-New York, 2 Niagara Falls-New York), 4 trips per Saturday (2 Albany-New York, 2 Niagara Falls-New York), 5 trips per Sunday (3 Albany-New York, 2 Niagara Falls-New York)925,7464602,012
Ethan Allen ExpressNew YorkRutland, Vermont via Albany290–296daily46,748241194
Heartland FlyerOklahoma City, OklahomaFort Worth, Texas821–822daily73,564206357
Hiawatha ServiceChicagoMilwaukee, WisconsinMILW329–3427 trips daily738,231868,584
Hoosier StateChicagoIndianapolisPC850, 8514 trips per week31,384196160
IlliniChicagoCarbondale, IllinoisIC392–393daily259,630310838
Illinois ZephyrChicagoQuincy, IllinoisCB&Q380,383daily202,558258785
Keystone ServiceNew YorkHarrisburg, Pennsylvania via PhiladelphiaPC600–67213 trips per weekday (9 Harrisburg-New York, 4 Harrisburg-Philadelphia), 7 trips per Saturday/Sunday (6 Harrisburg-New York, 1 Harrisburg-Philadelphia)1,215,7851956,235
Lake Shore LimitedNew YorkChicago via Albany with connection from BostonPC48, 49, 448, 449daily334,456959 (Chicago – New York)

1,018 (Chicago – Boston)

349
Lincoln ServiceChicagoSt. Louis, MissouriGM&O300–3074 trips daily506,2352841,783
Maple LeafNew YorkToronto, Ontario via AlbanyPC63–64daily354,492 (2008)544652
Missouri River RunnerSt. LouisKansas CityMP311, 313, 314, 316daily190,628283785
Northeast RegionalBoston, Massachusetts/Springfield, MassachusettsNew YorkPhiladelphiaBaltimoreWashington, DCNorfolk, Virginia/Newport News, VirginiaPC66, 67, 78, 82–88, 93–95, 99, 110, 111, 121, 125, 127, 129–131, 133–143, 145–148, 150–19920 per weekday (13 Boston-Washington, 2 Boston-Richmond, 2 Boston-Newport News, 1 Boston-Norfolk, 1 Boston-Lynchburg, 1 Springfield-Washington), 17 per Saturday/Sunday (9 Boston-Washington, 2 Boston-Richmond, 2 Boston-Newport News, 2 Springfield-Washington, 1Boston-Norfolk, 1 Boston-Lynchburg)6,920,61066410,423
Pacific SurflinerSan Luis Obispo, CaliforniaSan Diego, California via Los Angeles562–597, 763–79912 per weekday, (7 Los Angeles-San Diego, 3 Goleta-San Diego, 1 San Luis Obispo-San Diego, 1 San Luis Obispo-Los Angeles), 13 per weekday, (8 Los Angeles-San Diego, 3 Goleta-San Diego, 1 San Luis Obispo-Los Angeles, 1 San Luis Obispo-San Diego)2,592,9963507,409
PalmettoNew YorkSavannah, GeorgiaSCL89–90daily171,316829207
PennsylvanianNew YorkPittsburgh, Pennsylvania via PhiladelphiaPC42–44daily199,484444449
Pere MarquetteChicagoGrand Rapids, MichiganC&O370–371daily103,246176587
PiedmontRaleigh, North CarolinaCharlotte, North CarolinaSOU73–762 trips daily68,427173396
SalukiChicagoCarbondale, IllinoisIC390–391daily259,630310838
San JoaquinsOakland/SacramentoBakersfield, CaliforniaSP701–7186 trips daily (4 Oakland-Bakersfield, 2 Sacramento-Bakersfield)929,172318 (Bakersfield–Oakland)

280 (Bakersfield–Sacramento)

2,364
ShuttleSpringfield, MassachusettsNew Haven, ConnecticutPC401, 405, 450, 460, 463, 464, 466, 467, 470, 475, 476, 479, 488, 490, 493–495, 4974 per weekday, 5 per Saturday/Sunday325,518635,167
Silver MeteorNew YorkMiami, FloridaSCL97–98daily330,7341,389238
Silver StarNew YorkMiami, FloridaSCL91–92daily371,2351,522244
Southwest ChiefChicagoLos Angeles via Kansas City, Missouri and Albuquerque, New MexicoATSF3–4daily318,0252,256141
Sunset LimitedOrlando, FloridaLos Angeles via New Orleans and HoustonSP1–23 trips per week. New Orleans-Orlando segment suspended since Hurricane Katrina.78,7751,99539
Texas EagleChicagoSan Antonio, Texas via St. Louis and Fort Worth, TexasMP21–22daily260,4671,306 (Chicago – San Antonio)

2,728 (Chicago – Los Angeles)

95
VermonterSt. Albans, VermontWashington, DCCV NECR54–57daily74,016611121
WolverineChicagoPontiac via DetroitPC350–3553 trips daily444,1273041,461

Full listing, including discontinued routes[edit]

Note that intercity trains were operated after 1971 by the Alaska Railroad, Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad, Chicago South Shore and South Bend Railroad, Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad, Georgia Railroad, Reading Company, Texas Mexican, and Southern Railway. The Southern Railway and D&RGW routes were taken over by Amtrak in 1979 and 1983 respectively. In addition, the Canadian Pacific Railway's Atlantic, taken over by Via Rail in 1978, crossed northern Maine.

Northeast Corridor[edit]

Most Northeast Corridor trains were renamed NortheastDirect in the late 1990s, then Acela Regional and later just Regional. Currently most of the below named trains are called Northeast Regional. Some of these train names were changed prior to the late 1990s.

NameRouteDates operatedNotes
Afternoon CongressionalWashingtonNew YorkMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 13, 1971
BankersSpringfieldWashingtonOctober 26, 1975October 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
Bay StateNew YorkBostonMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 14, 1971
WashingtonBostonNovember 14, 1971October 29, 1972
PhiladelphiaBostonOctober 29, 1972April 29, 1973
New HavenBostonApril 29, 1973March 1, 1975
Beacon HillBostonNew HavenApril 30, 1978October 24, 1981Replaced Clamdigger
Benjamin FranklinPhiladelphiaBostonFebruary 15, 1977Replaced Bicentennial
BicentennialPhiladelphiaBostonFebruary 15, 1976February 14, 1977Replaced Bunker Hill; replaced by Benjamin Franklin
Betsy RossWashingtonNew YorkFebruary 15, 1976
Big ApplePhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979October 24, 1981Renamed Clocker; also the name of a Keystone Service train
BostonianNew YorkBostonMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 13, 1971
May 19, 1974April 29, 1978
BoweryWashingtonNew York
Bunker HillPhiladelphiaBostonNovember 14, 1971February 15, 1976Replaced by Bicentennial
CapitolWashingtonNew YorkApril 26, 1981
Capitol HillWashingtonNew York
Capitol Hill Express
Capitol SunrisePhiladelphiaWashington
Central ParkPhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979April 26, 1980
Charter OakNew YorkSpringfieldNovember 14, 1971October 28, 1972
October 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
ChesapeakeWashingtonNew YorkApril 29, 1973June 11, 1977
PhiladelphiaWashingtonApril 30, 1978October 29, 1983Maryland/Pennsylvania-funded commuter service
New YorkRichmondOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
ClamdiggerNew HavenProvidenceOctober 31, 1976October 28, 1977
January 8, 1978April 30, 1978Replaced by Beacon Hill
ClockersPhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 25, 1981October 28, 2005Unnamed 1971–1979; carried individual names 1979–1981
ColonialWashingtonBostonMay 1, 1971 (PC)April 28, 1973
February 15, 1976June 15, 1976
Newport NewsBostonJune 15, 1976October 26, 1992Replaced by Old Dominion
ConcordWashingtonBoston:
CongressionalWashingtonNew YorkNovember 14, 1971December 16, 1971
April 30, 1978
BostonWashingtonOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
Connecticut ConnectorSpringfieldNew HavenOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
Connecticut Valley ServiceSpringfieldNew HavenOctober 25, 1981Previously unnamed
Connecticut YankeeWashingtonSpringfieldNovember 14, 1971October 29, 1972
WashingtonNew HavenOctober 29, 1972April 29, 1973
PhiladelphiaSpringfieldApril 29, 1973June 11, 1977
WashingtonSpringfieldOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
East WindNew YorkBostonNovember 14, 1971October 28, 1973
WashingtonBostonOctober 28, 1973February 14, 1976
EdisonPhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979October 24, 1981Renamed Clocker
EmbassyWashingtonNew YorkMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 13, 1971
October 31, 1976April 25, 1981
Evening ExecutiveWashington, D.C.New HavenNovember 14, 1971June 10, 1972
Evening Liberty ExpressPhiladelphiaBostonApril 30, 1978October 27, 1979
Evening MetropolitanWashingtonNew York
PhiladelphiaNew York
Executive SleeperWashingtonNew YorkApril 27, 1986August 19, 1994Washington-New York section of the Night Owl; renamed from Washington Executive
Fairfield
Fast MailWashingtonBoston/SpringfieldOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
FederalWashingtonBoston
First State
Flying YankeeNew YorkBostonMay 19, 1974April 29, 1978Replaced Shoreliner
Foggy BottomWashingtonNew York
Free StateWashingtonNew YorkNovember 14, 1971October 28, 1973
Garden StatePhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979October 24, 1981Renamed Clocker
Garden State Special
GeorgetownWashingtonNew York
GothamPhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979October 24, 1981Renamed Clocker
Gotham ExpressBoston/SpringfieldNew YorkOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
Gotham LimitedNewport NewsNew York
Herald SquarePhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979October 24, 1981Renamed Clocker
WashingtonNew YorkOctober 25, 1981Replaced Times Square
IndependenceNew YorkWashingtonOctober 25, 1981
WashingtonSpringfieldOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
James RiverNewport NewsWashingtonOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
JeffersonianNew YorkWashington, D.C.October 25, 1981
John AdamsPhiladelphiaBostonJune 12, 1977April 29, 1978
KeystonePhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 24, 1981Renamed Clocker; also the name of a Keystone Service train
KnickerbockerNew YorkBostonMay 19, 1974June 11, 1977
LegislatorWashingtonNew YorkMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 13, 1971
Liberty BellPhiladelphiaNew York
Liberty ExpressPhiladelphiaBostonOctober 28, 1979
Mail Express
ManhattanNew YorkBoston, MassachusettsMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 13, 1971
August 15, 1973October 28, 1973Replaced Manhattan Turbo
Manhattan ExpressRichmondNew YorkOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
Manhattan LimitedPhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979October 24, 1981Renamed Clocker
WashingtonNew YorkOctober 25, 1981
Manhattan TurboNew YorkBoston, MassachusettsOctober 29, 1972August 15, 1973Replaced by Manhattan
MayflowerWashingtonBostonMay 19, 1974September 12, 1975
October 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
MerchantsWashingtonBostonNovember 20, 1977April 30, 1978Renamed from and to Merchants Limited
Merchants LimitedNew YorkBostonMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 14, 1971
WashingtonBostonNovember 14, 1971October 28, 1995Named Merchants (November 20, 1977 – April 30, 1978); replaced by NortheastDirect
MetrolinerWashingtonNew YorkMay 1, 1971 (PC)October 27, 2006
Morning ExecutiveWashington, D.C.New HavenNovember 14, 1971June 10, 1972
MetropolitanWashington, D.C.New YorkApril 26, 1981
Midday CongressionalWashingtonNew YorkMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 13, 1971
Minute ManPhiladelphiaBostonJune 12, 1972April 29, 1973
WashingtonBostonApril 29, 1973October 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
Morning Liberty ExpressPhiladelphiaBostonApril 30, 1978October 27, 1979
Mount VernonWashingtonNew YorkMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 13, 1971
February 15, 1976June 14, 1976
April 27, 1980
Murray HillNew YorkBostonMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 13, 1971
WashingtonNew YorkOctober 28, 1973October 28, 1978
PhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979October 24, 1981Renamed Clocker
NarragansettNew YorkBostonNovember 14, 1971October 27, 1973
PhiladelphiaBostonFebruary 15, 1976June 11, 1976
New England ExpressRichmondBostonOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
New England Zip
New EnglanderPhiladelphiaBostonMay 19, 1974October 25, 1975
New Jerseyan
New York Executive
New YorkerNew YorkBostonMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 13, 1971
WashingtonNew YorkApril 29, 1973October 31, 1976
PhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979October 24, 1981Renamed Clocker
WashingtonNew YorkOctober 25, 1981
NightcapWashingtonNew YorkNovember 14, 1971June 10, 1972
October 28, 1973February 14, 1976
Night OwlWashingtonBostonJune 12, 1972October 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
1997Replaced by Twilight Shoreliner
Nutmeg StateWashingtonSpringfieldOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
Old DominionNewport NewsBostonReplaced Colonial
SpringfieldRichmondOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
PatriotWashingtonBostonMay 1, 1971 (PC)October 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
PhiladelphianPhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979October 24, 1981Previously unnamed; renamed Clocker
PilgrimPhiladelphiaBostonOctober 28, 1973February 15, 1976
New YorkBostonFebruary 15, 1976April 29, 1978
PotomacWashingtonBostonOctober 25, 1981
Newport NewsNew York
PresidentWashingtonNew YorkMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 13, 1971
QuakerPhiladelphiaBostonOctober 28, 1973May 18, 1974
Quaker CityPhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979October 24, 1981Renamed Clocker
October 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
RepresentativeWashingtonNew YorkMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 13, 1971
RittenhousePhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979October 24, 1981Renamed Clocker
SchuylkillPhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979April 26, 1980
SenatorWashingtonBostonMay 1, 1971 (PC)October 24, 1981
October 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
ShorelinerNew YorkBostonJanuary 6, 1974May 19, 1974Replaced by Flying Yankee
October 28, 1979
StatesmanWashingtonBostonOctober 28, 1973February 14, 1977
SundownWashingtonBostonOctober 28, 1973February 14, 1976
New YorkBostonFebruary 15, 1976April 26, 1978
TidewaterNewport NewsNew YorkJuly 30, 1978October 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
Tidewater ExpressBostonNewport NewsOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
Times SquareWashingtonNew YorkApril 26, 1981October 24, 1981Replaced by Herald Square
TurboProvidenceBostonOctober 29, 1972April 28, 1973
TurboserviceNew YorkBostonMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 13, 1971
Turbo Yankee ClipperNew YorkBostonNovember 14, 1971October 29, 1972Renamed Yankee Clipper Turbo
Turbo York ClipperNew YorkBostonNovember 14, 1971January 16, 1972Renamed Turbo Yankee Clipper
Twilight ShorelinerNewport NewsBoston
Valley ForgePhiladelphiaBostonNovember 14, 1971June 12, 1972
WashingtonBostonJune 12, 1972April 29, 1973
PhiladelphiaNew HavenApril 29, 1973October 29, 1973
HarrisburgNew YorkOctober 29, 1973
VerrazanoWashingtonNew YorkOctober 25, 1981
VirginianNewport News/RichmondNew York
Wall StreetWashingtonNew York
Washington ExecutiveWashingtonNew YorkOctober 28, 1984April 26, 1986Washington-New York section of the Night Owl; renamed Executive Sleeper
Washington ExpressWashington-New YorkOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
Weekend MetrolinerWashingtonNew York
William PennPhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979October 24, 1981Renamed Clocker
Yankee ClipperNew YorkBostonMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 13, 1971
August 15, 1973February 15, 1976
New YorkProvidenceFebruary 15, 1976September 9, 1976
WashingtonBostonOctober 28, 1979October 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
Yankee Clipper TurboNew YorkBostonOctober 29, 1972August 14, 1973Renamed from Turbo Yankee Clipper

Empire Corridor[edit]

Trains operating over the Empire Corridor (the former New York Central Railroad Water Level Route) are now collectively known as the Empire Service. Individual names first appeared on the May 19, 1974, timetable.

NameRouteDates operatedNotes
Unnamed #483/#484AlbanySchenectadyFebruary 1, 1981
Bear MountainNew YorkAlbanyFebruary 15, 1977April 29, 1978
August 3, 1980October 25, 1980
April 26, 1981Renamed from Henry Hudson
Capital City Express
CatskillNew YorkAlbany
CayugaNew YorkBuffalo
Central ParkAlbanyNew York
DeWitt ClintonNew YorkAlbanyMay 19, 1974April 25, 1981Renamed from Empire Service; replaced by Rip Van Winkle
Electric City ExpressNew YorkSchenectadyApril 26, 1981Replaced Salt City Express
Empire State ExpressNew YorkBuffaloMay 19, 1974October 30, 1974Renamed from Empire Service
New YorkBuffaloDetroitOctober 31, 1974April 24, 1976Renamed Niagara Rainbow
New YorkBuffaloJanuary 8, 1978October 28, 1978Renamed from Water Level Express
New YorkNiagara FallsOctober 29, 1978
Half MoonNew YorkAlbany
Hendrick HudsonAlbanyNew York
Henry HudsonNew YorkAlbanyMay 19, 1974April 25, 1981Renamed from Empire Service; renamed Bear Mountain
Hudson HighlanderNew YorkAlbanyApril 26, 1981Replaced Washington Irving
Hudson River Express[2]New YorkAlbany
Hudson Valley ExpressNew YorkSchenectady
Hudson Valley ServiceNew YorkAlbany
KnickerbockerAlbanyNew York
MohawkNew YorkNew YorkApril 26, 1981
New YorkSyracuse
Niagara RainbowNew YorkBuffaloDetroitApril 25, 1976January 30, 1979Renamed from Empire State Express
New YorkNiagara FallsJanuary 31, 1979
Nieuw AmsterdamAlbanyNew York
OneidaNew YorkSyracuse
PalisadesNew YorkAlbany
PatroonNew YorkAlbany
Rip Van Winkle[2]New YorkAlbanyApril 26, 1981Replaced Rip Van Winkle
Salt City ExpressNew YorkSyracuseMay 19, 1974April 25, 1981Renamed from Empire Service; replaced by Electric City Express
Saratogian[3]New YorkSaratoga Springs
Sleepy HollowNew YorkAlbany
Spa ExpressNew YorkSaratoga Springs
Spuyten DuyvilNew YorkAlbany
Storm KingAlbanyNew YorkApril 26, 1981
SchenectadyNew York
Washington IrvingNew YorkAlbanyNovember 15, 1974January 31, 1981
New YorkSchenectadyFebruary 1, 1981April 25, 1981Replaced by Hudson Highlander
Water Level ExpressNew YorkBuffaloMay 19, 1974January 7, 1978Renamed from Empire Service; renamed Empire State Express
Niagara FallsNew York

Keystone Corridor[edit]

Trains operating over the Keystone Corridor (the former Pennsylvania Railroad main line) to Harrisburg are now collectively known as the Keystone Service.

NameRouteDates operatedNotes
Big AppleHarrisburgNew YorkApril 27, 1980April 30, 1994Renamed Keystone Service
Harrisburg ExpressNew YorkHarrisburgOctober 28, 1995Replaced by Keystone Service
KeystoneNew YorkHarrisburgApril 27, 1980October 24, 1981Replaced by Susquehanna
Keystone Executive
Keystone State ExpressNew YorkHarrisburgApril 1, 1990Mid-1990sReplaced Valley Forge; replaced by Keystone Service
New York ExpressHarrisburgNew YorkOctober 28, 1995Replaced by Keystone Service
Silverliner ServicePhiladelphiaHarrisburgOctober 24, 1981Re-branded Keystone Service
SusquehannaNew YorkHarrisburgOctober 25, 1981October 29, 1994Replaced Keystone; replaced by Keystone Service
Valley ForgeNew YorkHarrisburgOctober 28, 1973March 30, 1990Replaced by Keystone State Express

Northeast[edit]

NameRouteNumbersDates operatedNotes
AdirondackMontrealAlbanyNew YorkAugust 6, 1974present
Atlantic City ExpressWashington, D.C. and other cities – Atlantic CityMay 21, 1989April 1, 1995a part became the New Jersey Transit Atlantic City Line
Cape CodderNew YorkHyannisJune 29, 1986September 29, 1996
DowneasterBostonPortlandBrunswickDecember 14, 2001present
Ethan Allen ExpressNew YorkAlbanyRutlandDecember 2, 1996present
Fort PittPittsburghAltoonaApril 26, 1981January 30, 1983
KeystoneNew YorkPittsburghMay 1, 1971
PC Duquesne
June 10, 1972named the Duquesne until November 14, 1971
Maple LeafNew YorkAlbanyBuffaloTorontoApril 26, 1981present
MontrealerWashington, D.C.New YorkHartfordSpringfieldMontreal60,61September 29, 1972April 6, 1987renamed the Vermonter
July 18, 1989April 1, 1995
PennsylvanianNew YorkPittsburghApril 27, 1980November 6, 1998
PhiladelphiaChicagoNovember 7, 1998January 26, 2003
New YorkPittsburghJanuary 27, 2003November 1, 2004Merged with Three Rivers
March 8, 2005presentrenamed from the Three Rivers
VermonterWashington, D.C.New YorkHartfordSpringfieldSt. AlbansApril 2, 1995presentrenamed from the Montrealer
WashingtonianWashington, DCNew YorkHartfordSpringfieldMontrealSeptember 29, 1972May 19, 1974name given to southbound Montrealer

South[edit]

NameRouteDates operatedNotes
Auto TrainLortonSanfordOctober 30, 1983present
Carolina CoastNew YorkSavannahJune 11, 1972September 10, 1972
Carolina SpecialNew YorkJacksonvilleJune 17, 1973September 3, 1973
CarolinianNew YorkWashington, D.C.RaleighCharlotteOctober 28, 1984September 1, 1985
May 12, 1990present
ChampionNew YorkWashington, D.C.St. PetersburgMay 1, 1971
PC/RF&P/SCL Champion
1979Consolidated with Silver Meteor
CrescentNew YorkWashington, D.C.AtlantaNew OrleansFebruary 1, 1979presentconveyed from Southern Railway's Southern Crescent
Florida SpecialNew YorkMiamiDecember 17, 1971April 30, 1972renamed the Vacationer
FloridianChicagoLouisvilleNashvilleBirminghamMontgomerySt. PetersburgMay 1, 1971
PC/L&N/SCL South Wind
October 8, 1979named the South Wind until November 14, 1971[4][5]
Gulf BreezeNew YorkWashington, D.C.AtlantaBirminghamMontgomeryMobileOctober 27, 1989April 1, 1995[6]
Gulf Coast LimitedNew OrleansMobileApril 29, 1984January 6, 1985[7]
June 28, 1996March 31, 1997
MeteorBostonFloridaJune 11, 1972September 10, 1972renamed from and to the Silver Meteor
MiamianNew YorkMiamiDecember 13, 1974January 10, 1975Renamed from Vacationer
PalmettoNew YorkCharlestonSavannahTampaJune 15, 1976February 1, 1995renamed from the Silver Palm in 2002[8]
2002present
PiedmontRaleighCharlotteMay 25, 1995present
Silver MeteorNew YorkWashington, D.C.CharlestonSavannahJacksonvilleOrlandoTampaMiamiMay 1, 1971
PC/RF&P/SCL Silver Meteor
June 11, 1972renamed the Meteor in between
September 10, 1972present
Silver PalmMiami, FloridaTampa, FloridaNovember 20, 1982April 30, 1985
Washington, D.C.ColumbiaSavannahMiamiNovember 10, 19962002renamed the Palmetto in 2002
Silver StarNew YorkWashington, D.C.RaleighColumbiaSavannahJacksonvilleOrlandoTampaMiamiMay 1, 1971
PC/RF&P/SCL Silver Star
present
VacationerNew YorkMiamiDecember 15, 1972March 31, 1974renamed from the Florida Special; renamed Miamian

Northeast–Midwest[edit]

NameRouteDates operatedNotes
Blue RidgeWashington, D.C.MartinsburgCumberlandMay 6, 1973October 24, 1986renamed from the Potomac Special
transferred to MARC
Broadway LimitedNew York/Washington, D.C.PittsburghChicagoMay 1, 1971
PC Broadway Limited
September 10, 1995renamed the Three Rivers[9]
Capitol LimitedWashington, D.C.PittsburghChicagoOctober 1, 1981present
CardinalNew YorkWashington, D.C.CincinnatiIndianapolisChicagoOctober 30, 1977September 30, 1981renamed from the James Whitcomb Riley
January 8, 1982present
Empire State ExpressNew YorkAlbanyBuffaloDetroitOctober 31, 1974April 24, 1976Empire Corridor train pre-1974
renamed the Niagara Rainbow
George WashingtonWashington, D.C./Newport NewsCharlottesvilleCincinnatiIndianapolisChicagoMay 1, 1971
C&O George Washington
May 14, 1974name given to eastbound James Whitcomb Riley[10]
HilltopperWashington, D.C.PetersburgRoanokeCatlettsburgMay 31, 1977January 8, 1978replaced the Mountaineer
BostonNew YorkWashington, D.C.PetersburgRoanokeCatlettsburgJanuary 8, 1978September 30, 1979
James Whitcomb RileyWashington, D.C./Newport NewsCharlottesvilleCincinnatiIndianapolisChicagoMay 1, 1971
PC James Whitcomb Riley
October 30, 1977renamed the Cardinal[11]
Lake ShoreNew YorkAlbanyChicagoMay 10, 1971
PC unnamed
January 6, 1972unnamed until November 14, 1971
Lake Shore LimitedNew York/BostonAlbanyChicagoOctober 31, 1975present
MountaineerNorfolkPetersburgRoanokeCatlettsburgCincinnatiChicagoMarch 24, 1975May 31, 1977replaced by Hilltopper[12]
National LimitedNew York/Washington, D.C.HarrisburgPittsburghColumbusIndianapolisSt. LouisKansas CityMay 1, 1971
PC/MP Spirit of St. Louis
October 1, 1979named the Spirit of St. Louis until July 12, then unnamed until November 14, 1971[13]
Niagara RainbowNew YorkAlbanyBuffaloNiagara FallsDetroitApril 25, 1976January 30, 1979renamed from the Empire State Express
Empire Corridor train post-1979
Potomac SpecialWashingtonCumberlandParkersburgJune 1972May 6, 1973renamed from the West Virginian
renamed the Blue Ridge
ShenandoahWashington, D.C.CumberlandParkersburgCincinnatiOctober 31, 1976September 30, 1981
Skyline ConnectionNew YorkPhiladelphiaPittsburghClevelandChicagonever implemented but was listed in the 2000 timetable[14]
Three RiversNew YorkPhiladelphiaPittsburghChicagoSeptember 11, 1995March 7, 2005renamed from the Broadway Limited
renamed the Pennsylvanian
West VirginianWashington, D.C.CumberlandParkersburgSeptember 8, 1971
B&O Metropolitan
June 1972renamed the Potomac Special

Midwest[edit]

NameRouteDates operatedNotes
Abraham LincolnChicagoSt. LouisMay 1, 1971
GM&O Abraham Lincoln
November 14, 1971
Milwaukee-Chicago-St. LouisNovember 14, 1971September 30, 1973Replaced by Turboliner
Chicago-St. LouisOctober 26, 1975January 8, 1978Replaced by Ann Rutledge
Ann RutledgeChicagoSt. LouisFebruary 15, 1976October 30, 1976Replaced Turboliner
ChicagoSt. LouisKansas City[15]:224January 8, 19782009Replaced Abraham Lincoln; renamed the Missouri River Runner
ArrowheadMinneapolisSuperiorApril 16, 1975February 15, 1977
MinneapolisDuluthFebruary 15, 1977April 30, 1978Replaced by the North Star
BadgerChicagoMilwaukeeOctober 28, 1984October 29, 1989Replaced by Hiawatha Service
Black HawkChicagoDubuqueFebruary 14, 1974September 30, 1981
Blue WaterChicagoPort HuronSeptember 15, 1974October 26, 1975Renamed the Blue Water Limited
April 25, 2004presentRenamed from the International Limited
Blue Water LimitedChicagoPort HuronOctober 26, 1975June 15, 1976Replaced Blue Water; replaced by Turboliner
October 31, 1976October 31, 1982Replaced Turboliner; renamed the International Limited[16]
CalumetChicagoValparaisoOctober 29, 1979
Conrail commuter service
May 3, 1991Unnamed until August 3, 1980
CampusChicagoChampaignNovember 14, 1971March 5, 1972
Carl SandburgChicagoQuincyOctober 30, 2006
BN Illinois portion of Kansas City Zephyr
present[17]
City of New OrleansChicagoMemphisNew OrleansJanuary 31, 1981presentrenamed from the Panama Limited (also named the City of New Orleans until November 14, 1971)
EagleChicagoSt. LouisLittle RockDallasSan AntonioOctober 2, 1981November 15, 1988renamed from the Inter-American
renamed the Texas Eagle[18]
ChicagoSt. LouisNovember 15, 1988January 20, 1990
EncoreChicagoMilwaukeeOctober 28, 1984April 28, 1985
Heartland FlyerOklahoma CityFort WorthJune 15, 1999present
HiawathaChicagoMinneapolisNovember 14, 1971January 16, 1972Replaced by Twin Cities Hiawatha
October 29, 1972May 19, 1974Replaced by North Coast Hiawatha
Hiawatha ServiceChicagoMilwaukeeOctober 29, 1972June 15, 1976Replaced by Turboliner
October 29, 1989presentReplaced Badger, LaSalle, Nicollet and Radisson
Hoosier StateChicagoIndianapolisOctober 1, 1980September 8, 1995
July 19, 1998December 17, 1999renamed the Kentucky Cardinal
July 6, 2003presentreplaced the Kentucky Cardinal
IlliniChicagoChampaignNovember 14, 1971March 5, 1972
December 19, 1973January 11, 1986Extended to Carbondale
ChicagoChampaignCarbondaleJanuary 12, 1986presentReplaced Shawnee
Illinois ZephyrChicagoQuincyNovember 14, 1971
BN American Royal Zephyr
presentNew Carl Sandburg second train being added to same route[17]
Indiana ConnectionChicagoValparaisoOctober 29, 1979
Conrail commuter service
January 10, 1986Unnamed until August 3, 1980
Inter-AmericanChicagoSt. LouisLittle RockDallasSan AntonioLaredoJanuary 28, 1973October 2, 1981renamed the Eagle[19][20]
InternationalChicagoPort HuronTorontoJune 13, 1983April 25, 2004renamed from the International Limited
renamed the Blue Water
International LimitedChicagoPort HuronTorontoOctober 31, 1982June 13, 1983renamed from the Blue Water Limited
renamed the International
Kansas City MuleSt. LouisKansas CityOctober 26, 1980April 1, 1995
July 1, 1995January 27, 2009Replaced by Missouri River Runner
Kentucky CardinalChicagoIndianapolisLouisvilleDecember 17, 1999July 4, 2003renamed from and to the Hoosier State
Lake CitiesChicagoDetroitToledoAugust 3, 1980April 1, 1995renamed from St. Clair[21]:197-201
ChicagoPontiacApril 2, 1995April 25, 2004renamed the Wolverine
Lake Country LimitedChicagoJanesvilleJune 15, 2000September 2001[22]
LaSalleChicagoMilwaukeeOctober 26, 1980October 29, 1989Replaced Turboliner; replaced by Hiawatha Service
Lincoln ServiceChicagoSt. Louis, MissouriOctober 30, 2006presentrenamed from the State House
Lone StarChicagoKansas CityOklahoma CityDallasHoustonMay 19, 1974October 8, 1979renamed from the Texas Chief[21]:109; 113
LoopChicagoSpringfieldApril 27, 1986June 30, 1996[23]
MarquetteChicagoMilwaukeeOctober 26, 1980October 28, 1984Replaced Turboliner
Michigan ExecutiveDetroitJacksonJanuary 20, 1975
PC commuter service
January 13, 1984[24]
Missouri River RunnerSt. LouisKansas CityJanuary 28, 2009presentRenamed from the Ann Rutledge, Kansas City Mule and St. Louis Mule
NicolletChicagoMilwaukeeOctober 26, 1980October 29, 1989Replaced Turboliner; replaced by Hiawatha Service
North StarChicagoMinneapolisDuluthApril 30, 1978April 7, 1985renamed from the Arrowhead[25]
Panama LimitedChicagoMemphisNew OrleansMay 1, 1971
IC City of New Orleans
February 1, 1981named the City of New Orleans until November 14, 1971; renamed the City of New Orleans
Pere MarquetteChicagoGrand RapidsAugust 4, 1984present
Prairie MarksmanChicagoPeoriaAugust 10, 1980October 4, 1981[26][27]
Prairie StateMilwaukeeChicagoSpringfield, IllinoisSt. LouisMay 1, 1971
GM&O Limited
October 1, 1973named the Limited until November 14, 1971;[28] replaced by Turboliner
RadissonChicagoMilwaukeeOctober 26, 1980October 29, 1989Replaced Turboliner; replaced by Hiawatha Service
River CitiesKansas CitySt. LouisCarbondaleMemphisNew OrleansApril 29, 1984November 4, 1993[29]
SalukiChicagoChampaignCarbondaleOctober 30, 2006presentNew train running on same route as Illini train.
St. ClairChicagoDetroitMay 1, 1971
PC Twilight Limited/Michigan
May 10, 1975Replaced by Turboliner
June 15, 1976August 2, 1980Renamed the Lake Cities
St. Louis MuleSt. LouisKansas CityOctober 26, 1980April 1, 1995
July 1, 1995January 27, 2009Renamed the Missouri River Runner
ShawneeChicagoCarbondaleMay 1, 1971
IC Shawnee
January 11, 1986Replaced by Illini
State HouseChicagoSt. LouisOctober 1, 1973October 30, 2006Renamed Lincoln Service
Texas ChiefChicagoKansas CityOklahoma CityDallasHoustonMay 1, 1971
ATSF Texas Chief
May 18, 1974renamed the Lone Star[21]:109
Texas EagleChicagoSt. LouisLittle RockDallasSan AntonioLos AngelesNovember 15, 1988presentrenamed from the Eagle
TurbolinerChicagoSt. LouisOctober 1, 1973February 15, 1976Replaced Abraham Lincoln and Prairie State; replaced by Ann Rutledge
ChicagoDetroitMay 10, 1975October 31, 1976Replaced Wolverine and St. Clair
ChicagoMilwaukeeOctober 26, 1975October 26, 1980Replaced Hiawatha Service; replaced by LaSalle, Marquette, Nicollet and Radisson
MilwaukeeChicagoDetroitOctober 26, 1975June 15, 1976
ChicagoPort HuronJune 15, 1976October 31, 1976Replaced and replaced by Blue Water Limited
Twilight LimitedChicagoDetroitOctober 31, 1976April 26, 2004renamed the Wolverine
Twin Cities HiawathaChicagoMilwaukeeMinneapolisJanuary 16, 1972June 12, 1972Replaced Hiawatha; replaced by North Coast Hiawatha
September 8, 1977April 30, 1978Replaced by North Star
WolverineChicagoDetroitPontiacMay 1, 1971
PC Wolverine
May 10, 1975unnamed until November 14, 1971; replaced by Turboliner
June 15, 1976present
WeekenderChicagoSt. LouisOctober 1, 1973May 19, 1974Replaced by Turboliner

Midwest–West[edit]

NameRouteDates operatedNotes
California ZephyrChicagoOmahaDenverSalt Lake CitySacramentoOaklandJuly 16, 1983presentrenamed from the San Francisco Zephyr
ChiefChicagoLos AngelesJune 11, 1972September 10, 1972
City of San FranciscoChicagoDenverCheyenneOgdenOaklandNovember 14, 1971June 10, 1972renamed from a section of the Denver Zephyr
renamed the San Francisco Zephyr[30]
Denver ZephyrChicagoDenverMay 1, 1971
BN Denver Zephyr
extended to Oakland until November 14, 1971, when that section was renamed the City of San Francisco[31]
Desert WindLos AngelesLas VegasSalt Lake CityDenverOmahaChicagoOctober 28, 1979May 10, 1997[32][33]
Empire BuilderChicagoMinneapolisSpokanePortland/SeattleMay 1, 1971
BN Empire Builder
present
National ChiefWashington, D.C.PittsburghClevelandChicagoKansas CityAlbuquerqueLos Angelesnever implemented; announced in the 1996 timetable as a through train without the need to transfer, combining the Southwest Chief and the Capitol Limited[34]
North Coast HiawathaChicagoMinneapolisBismarckButteSpokaneSeattleJune 5, 1971
BN North Coast Limited
October 7, 1979unnamed until November 14, 1971[35]
San Francisco ZephyrChicagoOmahaDenverCheyenneOgdenSacramentoOaklandJune 11, 1972July 15, 1983renamed from the City of San Francisco
renamed the California Zephyr[36]
Southwest ChiefChicagoKansas CityAlbuquerqueLos AngelesOctober 28, 1984presentrenamed from the Southwest Limited
Southwest LimitedChicagoKansas CityAlbuquerqueLos AngelesMay 19, 1974October 28, 1984renamed from the Super Chief
renamed the Southwest Chief[37]
Sunset LimitedOrlandoJacksonvilleNew OrleansHoustonSan AntonioLos AngelesMay 1, 1971
SP Sunset Limited
present
Super ChiefChicagoKansas CityAlbuquerqueLos AngelesMay 1, 1971
ATSF Super Chief/El Capitan
May 19, 1974Named the Super Chief/El Capitan until May 1973
renamed the Southwest Limited[38][39]

West[edit]

NameRouteDates operatedNotes
Amtrak CascadesVancouverSeattlePortlandEugeneMay 17, 1998present
Capitol CorridorAuburnSacramentoOaklandSan JoseDecember 11, 1991present
CascadiaSeattlePortlandEugene1995May 16, 1998renamed from the Mount Rainier
renamed Amtrak Cascades[40]
Coast DaylightSan DiegoLos AngelesOaklandMay 1, 1971
SP Coast Daylight
1974unnamed until November 14, 1971
part of the Coast Starlight[41]
Coast StarlightSeattlePortlandOaklandLos AngelesMay 1, 1971
SP/BN Cascade; SP Coast Daylight; ATSF San Diegan
presentunnamed until November 14, 1971; at one time the train terminated at San Diego
Expo '74SeattleSpokaneMay 19, 1974September 14, 1974
Las Vegas LimitedLos AngelesLas VegasMay 21, 1976August 8, 1976
Mount AdamsSeattlePortlandOctober 30, 1994May 16, 1998replaced the Northwest Talgo; renamed the Amtrak Cascades[42]
Mount Baker InternationalSeattleVancouverMay 26, 19951998renamed the Amtrak Cascades[43]
Mount RainierSeattlePortlandMay 1, 1971
BN unnamed
1995unnamed until November 14, 1971
renamed Cascadia[44]
Northwest TalgoSeattlePortlandApril 1, 1994October 30, 1994replaced by the Mount Adams
Orange County CommuterLos AngelesSan Juan Capistrano19901994replaced by Metrolink Orange County Line[45]
Pacific InternationalSeattleVancouverJuly 17, 1972[46]
BN International
September 30, 1981[47][48]
Pacific SurflinerSan DiegoLos AngelesSanta BarbaraSan Luis ObispoJune 1, 2000presentrenamed from the San Diegan
PioneerDenverCheyenneOgdenBoisePortlandSeattleJune 7, 1977May 10, 1997[49][50]
Puget SoundSeattlePortland, OregonMay 1, 1971
BN unnamed
June7, 1977unnamed until November 14, 1971[51]; replaced by Pioneer
San DieganLos AngelesSan DiegoMay 1, 1971
ATSF San Diegan
May 31, 2000unnamed until November 14, 1971
renamed the Pacific Surfliner[52]
San JoaquinsOakland/SacramentoBakersfieldMarch 5, 1974present
Spirit of CaliforniaLos AngelesSanta BarbaraOaklandSacramentoOctober 25, 1981September 30, 1983[53][54]
Willamette ValleyPortlandEugeneAugust 3, 19801982

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Amtrak posts second-best ridership in history". Amtrak. October 12, 2009. Retrieved 2010-02-03. 
  2. ^ a b Pollak, Michael (2005-09-25). "Names With a Past". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-11-06. 
  3. ^ Wade, Betsy (1997-05-11). "Amtrak Gets Late Start On Summer Schedule". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-11-06. 
  4. ^ saveamtrak.org
  5. ^ everything2.com
  6. ^ everything2.com
  7. ^ everything2.com
  8. ^ everything2.com
  9. ^ everything2.com
  10. ^ everything2.com
  11. ^ everything2.com
  12. ^ everything2.com
  13. ^ everything2.com
  14. ^ everything2.com
  15. ^ Goldberg, Bruce (1981). Amtrak--the first decade. Silver Spring, MD: Alan Books. OCLC 7925036. 
  16. ^ everything2.com
  17. ^ a b www.register-mail.com
  18. ^ everything2.com
  19. ^ trainweather.com
  20. ^ everything2.com
  21. ^ a b c Sanders, Craig (2006). Amtrak in the Heartland. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press. ISBN 0-253-34705-X. OCLC 61499942. 
  22. ^ everything2.com
  23. ^ www.lib.niu.edu
  24. ^ michiganrailroads.com
  25. ^ everything2.com
  26. ^ hometown.aol.com
  27. ^ rrpicturearchives.net
  28. ^ everything2.com
  29. ^ www.everything2.com
  30. ^ everything2.com
  31. ^ everything2.com
  32. ^ everything2.com
  33. ^ trainweb.com
  34. ^ everything2.com
  35. ^ everything2.com
  36. ^ everything2.com
  37. ^ everything2.com
  38. ^ everything2.com
  39. ^ azrail.org
  40. ^ everything2.com
  41. ^ everything2.com
  42. ^ everything2.com
  43. ^ everything2.com
  44. ^ everything2.com
  45. ^ everything2.com
  46. ^ Knox, Paul (July 18, 1972). "Seattle-Vancouver train runs again". Vancouver Sun. Retrieved 2011-12-16. 
  47. ^ "Some of the changes". Telegraph Herald. October 1, 1981. Retrieved 2011-12-16. 
  48. ^ everything2.com
  49. ^ everything2.com
  50. ^ trainweb.com
  51. ^ everything2.com
  52. ^ everything2.com
  53. ^ trainorders.com
  54. ^ members.trainorders.com
Trains prior to Amtrak