List of Amtrak routes

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Amtrak operates the following intercity and long-distance passenger train routes.

To-scale map of Amtrak services

Current routes[edit]

NameRouteOriginNumbersFrequencyFY2009 Passengers[1]FY2013 PassengersRoute milesYearly Ridership per mile
Acela ExpressBostonWashington, DC (high-speed rail)PC2100–229015 trips per weekday, 4 trips per Saturday, 8 trips per Sunday3,019,6273,343,1434566,622
AdirondackMontrealNew York via AlbanyD&H68–69daily104,681133,008381275
Amtrak CascadesVancouver, BCEugene, Oregon via Portland and SeattleNP, GN, and UP500–5175 trips daily (2 Seattle-Eugene, 1 Seattle-Portland, 1 Vancouver-Portland, 1 Vancouver-Seattle)740,154811,6924671,585
Auto TrainLorton, VirginiaSanford, FloridaATC52–53daily232,955265,274855272
Blue WaterChicagoPort Huron, MichiganGTW364–365daily132,851191,106319416
California ZephyrChicagoEmeryville, California (Oakland/San Francisco)CB&Q, D&RGW, WP5–6daily345,558376,9322,438142
Capitol CorridorAuburn, CaliforniaSacramentoSan Jose via Oakland518–553, 720–75116 trips per weekday (8 Oakland-Sacramento, 7 San Jose-Sacramento, 1 Oakland-Auburn), 11 trips per Saturday/Sunday (6 San Jose-Sacramento, 4 Oakland-Sacramento, 1 San Jose-Auburn)1,599,6251,701,1851729,300
Capitol LimitedChicagoWashington, DC via Cleveland and PittsburghB&O29–30daily215,371229,668764282
CardinalChicagoNew York via Indianapolis, Cincinnati, and Washington, DCPC, C&O50–513 trips per week108,614113,1031,14795
Carl SandburgChicagoQuincy, IllinoisCB&Q381–382daily202,558228,722 including the Illinois Zephyr258785
CarolinianNew YorkCharlotte, North Carolina79–80daily277,740317,550704395
City of New OrleansChicagoNew OrleansIC58–59daily196,659256,816926212
Coast StarlightSeattleLos Angeles via Sacramento and OaklandSP11, 14daily432,565479,5221,377314
CrescentNew YorkNew Orleans via AtlantaSOU19–20daily286,576306,7331,377208
DowneasterBrunswick, MaineBostonPAR680–6995 trips daily460,474559,9771163,970
Empire BuilderChicagoPortland, Oregon/Seattle via MinneapolisSt. PaulGN7–8, 27–28daily515,444536,3912,206 miles (Chicago–Seattle)

2,257 miles (Chicago–Portland)

199
Empire ServiceNew YorkNiagara Falls, New York via AlbanyPC230–2889 trips per weekday, (7 Albany-New York, 2 Niagara Falls-New York), 4 trips per Saturday (2 Albany-New York, 2 Niagara Falls-New York), 5 trips per Sunday (3 Albany-New York, 2 Niagara Falls-New York)925,7461,081,3294602,012
Ethan Allen ExpressNew YorkRutland, Vermont via Albany290–296daily46,74853,271241194
Heartland FlyerOklahoma City, OklahomaFort Worth, TexasATSF821–822daily73,56481,226206357
Hiawatha ServiceChicagoMilwaukee, WisconsinMILW329–3427 trips daily738,231820,789868,584
Hoosier StateChicagoIndianapolisPC850, 8514 trips per week31,38436,768196160
IlliniChicagoCarbondale, IllinoisIC392–393daily259,630340,741 including Saluki310838
Illinois ZephyrChicagoQuincy, IllinoisCB&Q380,383daily202,558228,722 combined with Carl Sandburg258785
Keystone ServiceNew YorkHarrisburg, Pennsylvania via PhiladelphiaPC600–67213 trips per weekday (9 Harrisburg-New York, 4 Harrisburg-Philadelphia), 7 trips per Saturday/Sunday (6 Harrisburg-New York, 1 Harrisburg-Philadelphia)1,215,7851,466,5041956,235
Lake Shore LimitedNew YorkChicago via Albany with connection from BostonPC48, 49, 448, 449daily334,456395,455959 (Chicago – New York)

1,018 (Chicago – Boston)

349
Lincoln ServiceChicagoSt. Louis, MissouriGM&O300–3074 trips daily506,235655,4652841,783
Maple LeafNew YorkToronto, Ontario via AlbanyPC63–64daily354,492 (2008)406,973544652
Missouri River RunnerSt. LouisKansas CityMP311, 313, 314, 316daily190,628199,470283785
Northeast RegionalBoston, Massachusetts/Springfield, MassachusettsNew YorkPhiladelphiaBaltimoreWashington, DCNorfolk, Virginia/Newport News, VirginiaPC66, 67, 78, 82–88, 93–95, 99, 110, 111, 121, 125, 127, 129–131, 133–143, 145–148, 150–19920 per weekday (13 Boston-Washington, 2 Boston-Richmond, 2 Boston-Newport News, 1 Boston-Norfolk, 1 Boston-Lynchburg, 1 Springfield-Washington), 17 per Saturday/Sunday (9 Boston-Washington, 2 Boston-Richmond, 2 Boston-Newport News, 2 Springfield-Washington, 1Boston-Norfolk, 1 Boston-Lynchburg)6,920,6108,044,216

186,125 to Lynchburg 578,368 to Newport News 127,937 to Norfolk

66410,423
Pacific SurflinerSan Luis Obispo, CaliforniaSan Diego, California via Los Angeles562–597, 763–79912 per weekday, (7 Los Angeles-San Diego, 3 Goleta-San Diego, 1 San Luis Obispo-San Diego, 1 San Luis Obispo-Los Angeles), 13 per weekday, (8 Los Angeles-San Diego, 3 Goleta-San Diego, 1 San Luis Obispo-Los Angeles, 1 San Luis Obispo-San Diego)2,592,9962,705,8233507,409
PalmettoNew YorkSavannah, GeorgiaSCL89–90daily171,316207,915829207
PennsylvanianNew YorkPittsburgh, Pennsylvania via PhiladelphiaPC42–44daily199,484218,917444449
Pere MarquetteChicagoGrand Rapids, MichiganC&O370–371daily103,246104,491176587
PiedmontRaleigh, North CarolinaCharlotte, North CarolinaSOU73–762 trips daily68,427170,266173396
SalukiChicagoCarbondale, IllinoisIC390–391daily259,630340,741 including Illini310838
San JoaquinsOakland/SacramentoBakersfield, CaliforniaSP701–7186 trips daily (4 Oakland-Bakersfield, 2 Sacramento-Bakersfield)929,1721,219,818318 (Bakersfield–Oakland)

280 (Bakersfield–Sacramento)

2,364
ShuttleSpringfield, MassachusettsNew Haven, ConnecticutPC401, 405, 450, 460, 463, 464, 466, 467, 470, 475, 476, 479, 488, 490, 493–495, 4974 per weekday, 5 per Saturday/Sunday325,518390,027635,167
Silver MeteorNew YorkMiami, FloridaSCL97–98daily330,734373,1621,389238
Silver StarNew YorkMiami, FloridaSCL91–92daily371,235414,0771,522244
Southwest ChiefChicagoLos Angeles via Kansas City, Missouri and Albuquerque, New MexicoATSF3–4daily318,025355,8152,256141
Sunset LimitedOrlando, FloridaLos Angeles via New Orleans and HoustonSP1–23 trips per week. New Orleans-Orlando segment suspended since Hurricane Katrina.78,775102,9241,99539
Texas EagleChicagoSan Antonio, Texas via St. Louis and Fort WorthMP21–22daily260,467340,0811,306 (Chicago – San Antonio)

2,728 (Chicago – Los Angeles)

95
VermonterSt. Albans, VermontWashington, DCCV NECR54–57daily74,01684,109611121
WolverineChicagoPontiac via DetroitPC350–3553 trips daily444,127509,1003041,461

Full listing, including discontinued routes[edit]

Note that intercity trains were operated after 1971 by the Alaska Railroad, Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad, Chicago South Shore and South Bend Railroad, Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad, Georgia Railroad, Reading Company, and Southern Railway. The Southern Railway and D&RGW routes were taken over by Amtrak in 1979 and 1983 respectively. In addition, the Canadian Pacific Railway's Atlantic, taken over by Via Rail in 1978, crossed northern Maine.

Northeast Corridor[edit]

Most Northeast Corridor trains were renamed NortheastDirect in the late 1990s, then Acela Regional and later just Regional. Currently most of the below named trains are called Northeast Regional. Some of these train names were changed prior to the late 1990s.

NameRouteDates operatedNotes
Afternoon CongressionalWashingtonNew YorkMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 13, 1971
BankersSpringfieldWashingtonOctober 26, 1975October 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
Bay StateNew YorkBostonMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 14, 1971
WashingtonBostonNovember 14, 1971October 29, 1972
PhiladelphiaBostonOctober 29, 1972April 29, 1973
New HavenBostonApril 29, 1973March 1, 1975
Beacon HillBostonNew HavenApril 30, 1978October 24, 1981Replaced Clamdigger
Benjamin FranklinPhiladelphiaBostonFebruary 15, 1977Replaced Bicentennial
BicentennialPhiladelphiaBostonFebruary 15, 1976February 14, 1977Replaced Bunker Hill; replaced by Benjamin Franklin
Betsy RossWashingtonNew YorkFebruary 15, 1976
Big ApplePhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979October 24, 1981Renamed Clocker; also the name of a Keystone Service train
BostonianNew YorkBostonMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 13, 1971
May 19, 1974April 29, 1978
BoweryWashingtonNew York
Bunker HillPhiladelphiaBostonNovember 14, 1971February 15, 1976Replaced by Bicentennial
CapitolWashingtonNew YorkApril 26, 1981
Capitol HillWashingtonNew York
Capitol Hill Express
Capitol SunrisePhiladelphiaWashington
Central ParkPhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979April 26, 1980
Charter OakNew YorkSpringfieldNovember 14, 1971October 28, 1972
October 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
ChesapeakeWashingtonNew YorkApril 29, 1973June 11, 1977
PhiladelphiaWashingtonApril 30, 1978October 29, 1983Maryland/Pennsylvania-funded commuter service
New YorkRichmondOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
ClamdiggerNew HavenProvidenceOctober 31, 1976October 28, 1977
January 8, 1978April 30, 1978Replaced by Beacon Hill
ClockersPhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 25, 1981October 28, 2005Unnamed 1971–1979; carried individual names 1979–1981
ColonialWashingtonBostonMay 1, 1971 (PC)April 28, 1973
February 15, 1976June 15, 1976
Newport NewsBostonJune 15, 1976October 26, 1992Replaced by Old Dominion
ConcordWashingtonBoston:
CongressionalWashingtonNew YorkNovember 14, 1971December 16, 1971
April 30, 1978
BostonWashingtonOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
Connecticut ConnectorSpringfieldNew HavenOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
Connecticut Valley ServiceSpringfieldNew HavenOctober 25, 1981Previously unnamed
Connecticut YankeeWashingtonSpringfieldNovember 14, 1971October 29, 1972
WashingtonNew HavenOctober 29, 1972April 29, 1973
PhiladelphiaSpringfieldApril 29, 1973June 11, 1977
WashingtonSpringfieldOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
East WindNew YorkBostonNovember 14, 1971October 28, 1973
WashingtonBostonOctober 28, 1973February 14, 1976
EdisonPhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979October 24, 1981Renamed Clocker
EmbassyWashingtonNew YorkMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 13, 1971
October 31, 1976April 25, 1981
Evening ExecutiveWashington, D.C.New HavenNovember 14, 1971June 10, 1972
Evening Liberty ExpressPhiladelphiaBostonApril 30, 1978October 27, 1979
Evening MetropolitanWashingtonNew York
PhiladelphiaNew York
Executive SleeperWashingtonNew YorkApril 27, 1986August 19, 1994Washington-New York section of the Night Owl; renamed from Washington Executive
Fairfield
Fast MailWashingtonBoston/SpringfieldOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
FederalWashingtonBoston
First State
Flying YankeeNew YorkBostonMay 19, 1974April 29, 1978Replaced Shoreliner
Foggy BottomWashingtonNew York
Free StateWashingtonNew YorkNovember 14, 1971October 28, 1973
Garden StatePhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979October 24, 1981Renamed Clocker
Garden State Special
GeorgetownWashingtonNew York
GothamPhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979October 24, 1981Renamed Clocker
Gotham ExpressBoston/SpringfieldNew YorkOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
Gotham LimitedNewport NewsNew York
Herald SquarePhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979October 24, 1981Renamed Clocker
WashingtonNew YorkOctober 25, 1981Replaced Times Square
IndependenceNew YorkWashingtonOctober 25, 1981
WashingtonSpringfieldOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
James RiverNewport NewsWashingtonOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
JeffersonianNew YorkWashington, D.C.October 25, 1981
John AdamsPhiladelphiaBostonJune 12, 1977April 29, 1978
KeystonePhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 24, 1981Renamed Clocker; also the name of a Keystone Service train
KnickerbockerNew YorkBostonMay 19, 1974June 11, 1977
LegislatorWashingtonNew YorkMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 13, 1971
Liberty BellPhiladelphiaNew York
Liberty ExpressPhiladelphiaBostonOctober 28, 1979
Mail Express
ManhattanNew YorkBoston, MassachusettsMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 13, 1971
August 15, 1973October 28, 1973Replaced Manhattan Turbo
Manhattan ExpressRichmondNew YorkOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
Manhattan LimitedPhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979October 24, 1981Renamed Clocker
WashingtonNew YorkOctober 25, 1981
Manhattan TurboNew YorkBoston, MassachusettsOctober 29, 1972August 15, 1973Replaced by Manhattan
MayflowerWashingtonBostonMay 19, 1974September 12, 1975
October 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
MerchantsWashingtonBostonNovember 20, 1977April 30, 1978Renamed from and to Merchants Limited
Merchants LimitedNew YorkBostonMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 14, 1971
WashingtonBostonNovember 14, 1971October 28, 1995Named Merchants (November 20, 1977 – April 30, 1978); replaced by NortheastDirect
MetrolinerWashingtonNew YorkMay 1, 1971 (PC)October 27, 2006
Morning ExecutiveWashington, D.C.New HavenNovember 14, 1971June 10, 1972
MetropolitanWashington, D.C.New YorkApril 26, 1981
Midday CongressionalWashingtonNew YorkMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 13, 1971
Minute ManPhiladelphiaBostonJune 12, 1972April 29, 1973
WashingtonBostonApril 29, 1973October 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
Morning Liberty ExpressPhiladelphiaBostonApril 30, 1978October 27, 1979
Mount VernonWashingtonNew YorkMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 13, 1971
February 15, 1976June 14, 1976
April 27, 1980
Murray HillNew YorkBostonMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 13, 1971
WashingtonNew YorkOctober 28, 1973October 28, 1978
PhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979October 24, 1981Renamed Clocker
NarragansettNew YorkBostonNovember 14, 1971October 27, 1973
PhiladelphiaBostonFebruary 15, 1976June 11, 1976
New England ExpressRichmondBostonOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
New England Zip
New EnglanderPhiladelphiaBostonMay 19, 1974October 25, 1975
New Jerseyan
New York Executive
New YorkerNew YorkBostonMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 13, 1971
WashingtonNew YorkApril 29, 1973October 31, 1976
PhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979October 24, 1981Renamed Clocker
WashingtonNew YorkOctober 25, 1981
NightcapWashingtonNew YorkNovember 14, 1971June 10, 1972
October 28, 1973February 14, 1976
Night OwlWashingtonBostonJune 12, 1972July 10, 1997Replaced by Twilight Shoreliner
Nutmeg StateWashingtonSpringfieldOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
Old DominionNewport NewsBostonReplaced Colonial
SpringfieldRichmondOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
PatriotWashingtonBostonMay 1, 1971 (PC)October 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
PhiladelphianPhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979October 24, 1981Previously unnamed; renamed Clocker
PilgrimPhiladelphiaBostonOctober 28, 1973February 15, 1976
New YorkBostonFebruary 15, 1976April 29, 1978
PotomacWashingtonBostonOctober 25, 1981
Newport NewsNew York
PresidentWashingtonNew YorkMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 13, 1971
QuakerPhiladelphiaBostonOctober 28, 1973May 18, 1974
Quaker CityPhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979October 24, 1981Renamed Clocker
October 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
RepresentativeWashingtonNew YorkMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 13, 1971
RittenhousePhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979October 24, 1981Renamed Clocker
SchuylkillPhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979April 26, 1980
SenatorWashingtonBostonMay 1, 1971 (PC)October 24, 1981
October 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
ShorelinerNew YorkBostonJanuary 6, 1974May 19, 1974Replaced by Flying Yankee
October 28, 1979
StatesmanWashingtonBostonOctober 28, 1973February 14, 1977
SundownWashingtonBostonOctober 28, 1973February 14, 1976
New YorkBostonFebruary 15, 1976April 26, 1978
TidewaterNewport NewsNew YorkJuly 30, 1978October 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
Tidewater ExpressBostonNewport NewsOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
Times SquareWashingtonNew YorkApril 26, 1981October 24, 1981Replaced by Herald Square
TurboProvidenceBostonOctober 29, 1972April 28, 1973
TurboserviceNew YorkBostonMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 13, 1971
Turbo Yankee ClipperNew YorkBostonNovember 14, 1971October 29, 1972Renamed Yankee Clipper Turbo
Turbo York ClipperNew YorkBostonNovember 14, 1971January 16, 1972Renamed Turbo Yankee Clipper
Twilight ShorelinerNewport NewsBoston
Valley ForgePhiladelphiaBostonNovember 14, 1971June 12, 1972
WashingtonBostonJune 12, 1972April 29, 1973
PhiladelphiaNew HavenApril 29, 1973October 29, 1973
HarrisburgNew YorkOctober 29, 1973
VerrazanoWashingtonNew YorkOctober 25, 1981
VirginianNewport News/RichmondNew York
Wall StreetWashingtonNew York
Washington ExecutiveWashingtonNew YorkOctober 28, 1984April 26, 1986Washington-New York section of the Night Owl; renamed Executive Sleeper
Washington ExpressWashington-New YorkOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
Weekend MetrolinerWashingtonNew York
William PennPhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979October 24, 1981Renamed Clocker
Yankee ClipperNew YorkBostonMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 13, 1971
August 15, 1973February 15, 1976
New YorkProvidenceFebruary 15, 1976September 9, 1976
WashingtonBostonOctober 28, 1979October 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
Yankee Clipper TurboNew YorkBostonOctober 29, 1972August 14, 1973Renamed from Turbo Yankee Clipper

Empire Corridor[edit]

Trains operating over the Empire Corridor (the former New York Central Railroad Water Level Route) are now collectively known as the Empire Service. Individual names first appeared on the May 19, 1974, timetable.

NameRouteDates operatedNotes
Unnamed #483/#484AlbanySchenectadyFebruary 1, 1981
Bear MountainNew YorkAlbanyFebruary 15, 1977April 29, 1978
August 3, 1980October 25, 1980
April 26, 1981Renamed from Henry Hudson
Capital City Express
CatskillNew YorkAlbany
CayugaNew YorkBuffalo
Central ParkAlbanyNew York
DeWitt ClintonNew YorkAlbanyMay 19, 1974April 25, 1981Renamed from Empire Service; replaced by Rip Van Winkle
Electric City ExpressNew YorkSchenectadyApril 26, 1981Replaced Salt City Express
Empire State ExpressNew YorkBuffaloMay 19, 1974October 30, 1974Renamed from Empire Service
New YorkBuffaloDetroitOctober 31, 1974April 24, 1976Renamed Niagara Rainbow
New YorkBuffaloJanuary 8, 1978October 28, 1978Renamed from Water Level Express
New YorkNiagara FallsOctober 29, 1978
Half MoonNew YorkAlbany
Hendrick HudsonAlbanyNew York
Henry HudsonNew YorkAlbanyMay 19, 1974April 25, 1981Renamed from Empire Service; renamed Bear Mountain
Hudson HighlanderNew YorkAlbanyApril 26, 1981Replaced Washington Irving
Hudson River Express[2]New YorkAlbany
Hudson Valley ExpressNew YorkSchenectady
Hudson Valley ServiceNew YorkAlbany
KnickerbockerAlbanyNew York
MohawkNew YorkNew YorkApril 26, 1981
New YorkSyracuse
Niagara RainbowNew YorkBuffaloDetroitApril 25, 1976January 30, 1979Renamed from Empire State Express
New YorkNiagara FallsJanuary 31, 1979
Nieuw AmsterdamAlbanyNew York
OneidaNew YorkSyracuse
PalisadesNew YorkAlbany
PatroonNew YorkAlbany
Rip Van Winkle[2]New YorkAlbanyApril 26, 1981Replaced Rip Van Winkle
Salt City ExpressNew YorkSyracuseMay 19, 1974April 25, 1981Renamed from Empire Service; replaced by Electric City Express
Saratogian[3]New YorkSaratoga Springs
Sleepy HollowNew YorkAlbany
Spa ExpressNew YorkSaratoga Springs
Spuyten DuyvilNew YorkAlbany
Storm KingAlbanyNew YorkApril 26, 1981
SchenectadyNew York
Washington IrvingNew YorkAlbanyNovember 15, 1974January 31, 1981
New YorkSchenectadyFebruary 1, 1981April 25, 1981Replaced by Hudson Highlander
Water Level ExpressNew YorkBuffaloMay 19, 1974January 7, 1978Renamed from Empire Service; renamed Empire State Express
Niagara FallsNew York

Keystone Corridor[edit]

Trains operating over the Keystone Corridor (the former Pennsylvania Railroad main line) to Harrisburg are now collectively known as the Keystone Service.

NameRouteDates operatedNotes
Big AppleNew YorkHarrisburgApril 27, 1980April 30, 1994Renamed Keystone Service
Harrisburg ExpressNew YorkHarrisburgOctober 28, 1995Replaced by Keystone Service
KeystoneNew YorkHarrisburgApril 27, 1980October 24, 1981Replaced by Susquehanna
Keystone Executive
Keystone State ExpressNew YorkHarrisburgApril 1, 1990Mid-1990sReplaced Valley Forge; replaced by Keystone Service
New York ExpressNew YorkHarrisburgOctober 28, 1995Replaced by Keystone Service
Silverliner ServicePhiladelphiaHarrisburgApril 29, 1973November 29, 1975
New YorkHarrisburgNovember 30, 1975October 24, 1981Re-branded Keystone Service
SusquehannaNew YorkHarrisburgOctober 25, 1981October 29, 1994Replaced Keystone; replaced by Keystone Service
Valley ForgeNew YorkHarrisburgOctober 28, 1973March 30, 1990Replaced by Keystone State Express

Northeast[edit]

NameRouteDates operatedNotes
AdirondackMontrealAlbanyNew YorkAugust 6, 1974presentJoint operation with Empire State Express/DeWitt Clinton until April 1975[4]
Atlantic City ExpressWashington, D.C. and other cities – Atlantic CityMay 21, 1989April 1, 1995Replaced by the New Jersey Transit Atlantic City Line[5]
Cape CodderNew YorkHyannisJune 29, 1986September 29, 1996Seasonal service.[6][7]
DowneasterBostonPortlandBrunswickDecember 15, 2001present[8]
Ethan Allen ExpressNew YorkAlbanyRutlandDecember 2, 1996present
Fort PittPittsburghAltoonaApril 26, 1981January 30, 1983
KeystoneNew YorkPittsburghMay 1, 1971
PC Duquesne
April 30, 1972named the Duquesne until November 14, 1971[9]
Maple LeafNew YorkAlbanyBuffaloTorontoApril 26, 1981present
MontrealerWashington, D.C.New YorkHartfordSpringfieldMontrealSeptember 29, 1972April 6, 1987renamed the Vermonter when service to Montreal was cut
July 18, 1989April 1, 1995
PennsylvanianNew YorkPittsburghApril 27, 1980November 6, 1998
PhiladelphiaChicagoNovember 7, 1998January 26, 2003
New YorkPittsburghJanuary 27, 2003November 1, 2004Merged with Three Rivers
March 8, 2005presentrenamed from the Three Rivers
VermonterWashington, D.C.New YorkHartfordSpringfieldSt. AlbansApril 2, 1995presentrenamed from the Montrealer
WashingtonianWashington, DCNew YorkHartfordSpringfieldMontrealSeptember 29, 1972May 19, 1974name given to southbound Montrealer[10]

South[edit]

NameRouteDates operatedNotes
Auto TrainLortonSanfordOctober 30, 1983present
Carolina CoastNew YorkSavannahJune 11, 1972September 10, 1972[11]
Carolina SpecialNew YorkJacksonvilleJune 15, 1973September 3, 1973[12]
CarolinianNew YorkWashington, D.C.RaleighCharlotteOctober 28, 1984September 1, 1985
May 12, 1990present
ChampionNew YorkWashington, D.C.St. PetersburgMay 1, 1971
PC/RF&P/SCL Champion
October 1, 1979Consolidated with Silver Meteor[13]
CrescentNew YorkWashington, D.C.AtlantaNew OrleansFebruary 1, 1979presentconveyed from Southern Railway's Southern Crescent
Florida SpecialNew YorkMiamiDecember 17, 1971April 14, 1972Replaced by the Vacationer for the 1972-1973 season[14]
FloridianChicagoLouisvilleNashvilleBirminghamMontgomerySt. PetersburgMay 1, 1971
PC/L&N/SCL South Wind
October 7, 1979named the South Wind until November 14, 1971[15]
Gulf BreezeNew YorkWashington, D.C.AtlantaBirminghamMontgomeryMobileOctober 27, 1989April 1, 1995Through operation with the Crescent[16][17]
Gulf Coast LimitedNew OrleansMobileApril 29, 1984January 6, 1985[18]
June 28, 1996March 31, 1997
MeteorBostonFloridaJune 11, 1972September 10, 1972Joint operation of Silver Meteor and Champion[19]
MiamianNew YorkMiamiDecember 15, 1974January 10, 1975Replaced the Vacationer[20]
PalmettoNew YorkCharlestonSavannahTampaJune 15, 1976[21]February 1, 1995[22]
May 1, 2002presentrenamed from the Silver Palm'
PiedmontRaleighCharlotteMay 25, 1995present[23]
Silver MeteorNew YorkWashington, D.C.CharlestonSavannahJacksonvilleOrlandoTampaMiamiMay 1, 1971
PC/RF&P/SCL Silver Meteor
June 11, 1972renamed the Meteor in between[24]
September 10, 1972present
Silver PalmMiami, FloridaTampa, FloridaNovember 21, 1982April 30, 1985[25][26]
Washington, D.C.ColumbiaSavannahMiamiNovember 10, 1996May 1, 2002renamed the Palmetto
Silver StarNew YorkWashington, D.C.RaleighColumbiaSavannahJacksonvilleOrlandoTampaMiamiMay 1, 1971
PC/RF&P/SCL Silver Star
present
VacationerNew YorkMiamiDecember 15, 1972April 27, 1974Seasonal operation; replaced the Florida Special. Replaced by the Miamian for the 1974-1975 season[27]

Northeast–Midwest[edit]

NameRouteDates operatedNotes
Blue RidgeWashington, D.C.MartinsburgCumberlandMay 7, 1973October 24, 1986renamed from the Potomac Special; transferred to MARC[28]
Broadway LimitedNew York/Washington, D.C.PittsburghChicagoMay 1, 1971
PC Broadway Limited
September 10, 1995renamed the Three Rivers[29]
Capitol LimitedWashington, D.C.PittsburghChicagoOctober 1, 1981present
CardinalNew YorkWashington, D.C.CincinnatiIndianapolisChicagoOctober 30, 1977September 30, 1981renamed from the James Whitcomb Riley
January 8, 1982present
Empire State ExpressNew YorkAlbanyBuffaloDetroitOctober 31, 1974April 24, 1976Empire Corridor train pre-1974
renamed the Niagara Rainbow
George WashingtonWashington, D.C./Newport NewsCharlottesvilleCincinnatiIndianapolisChicagoMay 1, 1971
C&O George Washington
May 14, 1974name given to eastbound James Whitcomb Riley[30]
HilltopperWashington, D.C.PetersburgRoanokeCatlettsburgMay 31, 1977January 8, 1978replaced the Mountaineer
BostonNew YorkWashington, D.C.PetersburgRoanokeCatlettsburgJanuary 8, 1978September 30, 1979
James Whitcomb RileyWashington, D.C./Newport NewsCharlottesvilleCincinnatiIndianapolisChicagoMay 1, 1971
PC James Whitcomb Riley
October 30, 1977renamed the Cardinal[31]
Lake ShoreNew YorkAlbanyChicagoMay 10, 1971
PC unnamed
January 6, 1972unnamed until November 14, 1971
Lake Shore LimitedNew York/BostonAlbanyChicagoOctober 31, 1975present
MountaineerNorfolkPetersburgRoanokeCatlettsburgCincinnatiChicagoMarch 24, 1975May 31, 1977replaced by Hilltopper[32]
National LimitedNew York/Washington, D.C.HarrisburgPittsburghColumbusIndianapolisSt. LouisKansas CityMay 1, 1971
PC/MP Spirit of St. Louis
October 1, 1979named the Spirit of St. Louis until July 12, then unnamed until November 14, 1971[33]
Niagara RainbowNew YorkAlbanyBuffaloNiagara FallsDetroitApril 25, 1976January 30, 1979renamed from the Empire State Express
Empire Corridor train post-1979
Potomac SpecialWashingtonCumberlandParkersburgMay 14, 1972May 6, 1973Renamed from the Potomac Turbo; renamed the Blue Ridge[34]
Potomac TurboWashingtonCumberlandParkersburgFebruary 7, 1972May 14, 1972Renamed from the West Virginian; renamed the Potomac Special[35]
ShenandoahWashington, D.C.CumberlandParkersburgCincinnatiOctober 31, 1976September 30, 1981
Skyline ConnectionNew YorkPhiladelphiaPittsburghClevelandChicagonever implemented but was listed in the 2000 timetable[36]
Three RiversNew YorkPhiladelphiaPittsburghChicagoSeptember 11, 1995March 7, 2005renamed from the Broadway Limited
renamed the Pennsylvanian
West VirginianWashington, D.C.CumberlandParkersburgSeptember 8, 1971
B&O Metropolitan
February 7, 1972Renamed the Potomac Turbo[37]

Midwest[edit]

NameRouteDates operatedNotes
Abraham LincolnChicagoSt. LouisMay 1, 1971
GM&O Abraham Lincoln
November 14, 1971
Milwaukee-Chicago-St. LouisNovember 14, 1971September 30, 1973Replaced by Turboliner
Chicago-St. LouisOctober 26, 1975January 8, 1978Replaced by Ann Rutledge
Ann RutledgeChicagoSt. LouisFebruary 15, 1976October 30, 1976Replaced Turboliner
ChicagoSt. LouisKansas City[38]January 8, 19782009Replaced Abraham Lincoln; renamed the Missouri River Runner
ArrowheadMinneapolisSuperiorApril 16, 1975February 15, 1977
MinneapolisDuluthFebruary 15, 1977April 30, 1978Replaced by the North Star
BadgerChicagoMilwaukeeOctober 28, 1984October 29, 1989Replaced by Hiawatha Service
Black HawkChicagoDubuqueFebruary 14, 1974September 30, 1981
Blue WaterChicagoPort HuronSeptember 15, 1974October 26, 1975Renamed the Blue Water Limited
April 25, 2004presentRenamed from the International Limited
Blue Water LimitedChicagoPort HuronOctober 26, 1975June 15, 1976Replaced Blue Water; replaced by Turboliner
October 31, 1976October 31, 1982Replaced Turboliner; renamed the International Limited[39]
CalumetChicagoValparaisoOctober 29, 1979
Conrail commuter service
May 3, 1991Unnamed until August 3, 1980
CampusChicagoChampaignNovember 14, 1971March 5, 1972
Carl SandburgChicagoQuincyOctober 30, 2006
BN Illinois portion of Kansas City Zephyr
present[40]
City of New OrleansChicagoMemphisNew OrleansJanuary 31, 1981presentrenamed from the Panama Limited (also named the City of New Orleans until November 14, 1971)
EagleChicagoSt. LouisLittle RockDallasSan AntonioOctober 2, 1981November 15, 1988renamed from the Inter-American
renamed the Texas Eagle[41]
ChicagoSt. LouisNovember 15, 1988January 20, 1990
EncoreChicagoMilwaukeeOctober 28, 1984April 28, 1985
Heartland FlyerOklahoma CityFort WorthJune 15, 1999present
HiawathaChicagoMinneapolisNovember 14, 1971January 16, 1972Replaced by Twin Cities Hiawatha
October 29, 1972May 19, 1974Replaced by North Coast Hiawatha
Hiawatha ServiceChicagoMilwaukeeOctober 29, 1972June 15, 1976Replaced by Turboliner
October 29, 1989presentReplaced Badger, LaSalle, Nicollet and Radisson
Hoosier StateChicagoIndianapolisOctober 1, 1980September 8, 1995
July 19, 1998December 17, 1999renamed the Kentucky Cardinal
July 6, 2003presentreplaced the Kentucky Cardinal
IlliniChicagoChampaignNovember 14, 1971March 5, 1972
December 19, 1973January 11, 1986Extended to Carbondale
ChicagoChampaignCarbondaleJanuary 12, 1986presentReplaced Shawnee
Illinois ZephyrChicagoQuincyNovember 14, 1971
BN American Royal Zephyr
presentNew Carl Sandburg second train being added to same route[40]
Indiana ConnectionChicagoValparaisoOctober 29, 1979
Conrail commuter service
January 10, 1986Unnamed until August 3, 1980
Inter-AmericanChicagoSt. LouisLittle RockDallasSan AntonioLaredoJanuary 28, 1973October 2, 1981renamed the Eagle[42][43]
InternationalChicagoPort HuronTorontoJune 13, 1983April 25, 2004renamed from the International Limited
renamed the Blue Water
International LimitedChicagoPort HuronTorontoOctober 31, 1982June 13, 1983renamed from the Blue Water Limited
renamed the International
Kansas City MuleSt. LouisKansas CityOctober 26, 1980April 1, 1995
July 1, 1995January 27, 2009Replaced by Missouri River Runner
Kentucky CardinalChicagoIndianapolisLouisvilleDecember 17, 1999July 4, 2003renamed from and to the Hoosier State
Lake CitiesChicagoDetroitToledoAugust 3, 1980April 1, 1995renamed from St. Clair[44]
ChicagoPontiacApril 2, 1995April 25, 2004renamed the Wolverine
Lake Country LimitedChicagoJanesvilleJune 15, 2000September 2001[45]
LaSalleChicagoMilwaukeeOctober 26, 1980October 29, 1989Replaced Turboliner; replaced by Hiawatha Service
Lincoln ServiceChicagoSt. Louis, MissouriOctober 30, 2006presentrenamed from the State House
Lone StarChicagoKansas CityOklahoma CityDallasHoustonMay 19, 1974October 8, 1979renamed from the Texas Chief[46]
LoopChicagoSpringfieldApril 27, 1986June 30, 1996[47]
MarquetteChicagoMilwaukeeOctober 26, 1980October 28, 1984Replaced Turboliner
Michigan ExecutiveDetroitJacksonJanuary 20, 1975
PC commuter service
January 13, 1984[48]
Missouri River RunnerSt. LouisKansas CityJanuary 28, 2009presentRenamed from the Ann Rutledge, Kansas City Mule and St. Louis Mule
NicolletChicagoMilwaukeeOctober 26, 1980October 29, 1989Replaced Turboliner; replaced by Hiawatha Service
North StarChicagoMinneapolisDuluthApril 30, 1978April 7, 1985renamed from the Arrowhead[49]
Panama LimitedChicagoMemphisNew OrleansMay 1, 1971
IC City of New Orleans
February 1, 1981named the City of New Orleans until November 14, 1971; renamed the City of New Orleans
Pere MarquetteChicagoGrand RapidsAugust 4, 1984present
Prairie MarksmanChicagoPeoriaAugust 10, 1980October 4, 1981[50][51]
Prairie StateMilwaukeeChicagoSpringfield, IllinoisSt. LouisMay 1, 1971
GM&O Limited
October 1, 1973named the Limited until November 14, 1971;[52] replaced by Turboliner
RadissonChicagoMilwaukeeOctober 26, 1980October 29, 1989Replaced Turboliner; replaced by Hiawatha Service
River CitiesKansas CitySt. LouisCarbondaleMemphisNew OrleansApril 29, 1984November 4, 1993[53]
SalukiChicagoChampaignCarbondaleOctober 30, 2006presentNew train running on same route as Illini train.
St. ClairChicagoDetroitMay 1, 1971
PC Twilight Limited/Michigan
May 10, 1975Replaced by Turboliner
June 15, 1976August 2, 1980Renamed the Lake Cities
St. Louis MuleSt. LouisKansas CityOctober 26, 1980April 1, 1995
July 1, 1995January 27, 2009Renamed the Missouri River Runner
ShawneeChicagoCarbondaleMay 1, 1971
IC Shawnee
January 11, 1986Replaced by Illini
State HouseChicagoSt. LouisOctober 1, 1973October 30, 2006Renamed Lincoln Service
Texas ChiefChicagoKansas CityOklahoma CityDallasHoustonMay 1, 1971
ATSF Texas Chief
May 18, 1974renamed the Lone Star[54]
Texas EagleChicagoSt. LouisLittle RockDallasSan AntonioLos AngelesNovember 15, 1988presentrenamed from the Eagle
TurbolinerChicagoSt. LouisOctober 1, 1973February 15, 1976Replaced Abraham Lincoln and Prairie State; replaced by Ann Rutledge
ChicagoDetroitMay 10, 1975October 31, 1976Replaced Wolverine and St. Clair
ChicagoMilwaukeeOctober 26, 1975October 26, 1980Replaced Hiawatha Service; replaced by LaSalle, Marquette, Nicollet and Radisson
MilwaukeeChicagoDetroitOctober 26, 1975June 15, 1976
ChicagoPort HuronJune 15, 1976October 31, 1976Replaced and replaced by Blue Water Limited
Twilight LimitedChicagoDetroitOctober 31, 1976April 26, 2004renamed the Wolverine
Twin Cities HiawathaChicagoMilwaukeeMinneapolisJanuary 16, 1972June 12, 1972Replaced Hiawatha; replaced by North Coast Hiawatha
September 8, 1977April 30, 1978Replaced by North Star
WolverineChicagoDetroitPontiacMay 1, 1971
PC Wolverine
May 10, 1975unnamed until November 14, 1971; replaced by Turboliner
June 15, 1976present
WeekenderChicagoSt. LouisOctober 1, 1973May 19, 1974Replaced by Turboliner

Midwest–West[edit]

NameRouteDates operatedNotes
California ZephyrChicagoOmahaDenverSalt Lake CitySacramentoOaklandJuly 16, 1983presentrenamed from the San Francisco Zephyr
ChiefChicagoLos AngelesJune 11, 1972September 10, 1972
City of San FranciscoChicagoDenverCheyenneOgdenOaklandNovember 14, 1971June 10, 1972renamed from a section of the Denver Zephyr
renamed the San Francisco Zephyr[55]
Denver ZephyrChicagoDenverMay 1, 1971
BN Denver Zephyr
extended to Oakland until November 14, 1971, when that section was renamed the City of San Francisco[56]
Desert WindLos AngelesLas VegasSalt Lake CityDenverOmahaChicagoOctober 28, 1979May 10, 1997[57][58]
Empire BuilderChicagoMinneapolisSpokanePortland/SeattleMay 1, 1971
BN Empire Builder
present
National ChiefWashington, D.C.PittsburghClevelandChicagoKansas CityAlbuquerqueLos Angelesnever implemented; announced in the 1996 timetable as a through train without the need to transfer, combining the Southwest Chief and the Capitol Limited[59]
North Coast HiawathaChicagoMinneapolisBismarckButteSpokaneSeattleJune 5, 1971
BN North Coast Limited
October 7, 1979unnamed until November 14, 1971[60]
San Francisco ZephyrChicagoOmahaDenverCheyenneOgdenSacramentoOaklandJune 11, 1972July 15, 1983renamed from the City of San Francisco
renamed the California Zephyr[61]
Southwest ChiefChicagoKansas CityAlbuquerqueLos AngelesOctober 28, 1984presentrenamed from the Southwest Limited
Southwest LimitedChicagoKansas CityAlbuquerqueLos AngelesMay 19, 1974October 28, 1984renamed from the Super Chief
renamed the Southwest Chief[62]
Sunset LimitedOrlandoJacksonvilleNew OrleansHoustonSan AntonioLos AngelesMay 1, 1971
SP Sunset Limited
present
Super ChiefChicagoKansas CityAlbuquerqueLos AngelesMay 1, 1971
ATSF Super Chief/El Capitan
May 19, 1974Named the Super Chief/El Capitan until May 1973
renamed the Southwest Limited[63][64]

West[edit]

NameRouteDates operatedNotes
Amtrak CascadesVancouverSeattlePortlandEugeneMay 17, 1998present
Capitol CorridorAuburnSacramentoOaklandSan JoseDecember 11, 1991present
CascadiaSeattlePortlandEugene1995May 16, 1998renamed from the Mount Rainier
renamed Amtrak Cascades[65]
Coast DaylightLos AngelesOaklandMay 1, 1971
SP Coast Daylight
May 19, 1974unnamed until November 14, 1971
joint operation with the Coast Starlight as Coast Starlight/Daylight[66]
Coast StarlightSeattlePortlandOaklandLos AngelesMay 1, 1971
SP/BN Cascade; SP Coast Daylight; ATSF San Diegan
presentunnamed until November 14, 1971; terminated at San Diego 1971-1972[67]
Expo '74SeattleSpokaneMay 19, 1974September 14, 1974
Las Vegas LimitedLos AngelesLas VegasMay 21, 1976August 8, 1976
Mount AdamsSeattlePortlandOctober 30, 1994May 16, 1998replaced the Northwest Talgo; renamed the Amtrak Cascades[68]
Mount Baker InternationalSeattleVancouverMay 26, 19951998renamed the Amtrak Cascades[69]
Mount RainierSeattlePortlandMay 1, 1971
BN unnamed
1995unnamed until November 14, 1971
renamed Cascadia[70]
Northwest TalgoSeattlePortlandApril 1, 1994October 30, 1994replaced by the Mount Adams
Orange County CommuterLos AngelesSan Juan Capistrano19901994replaced by Metrolink Orange County Line[71]
Pacific InternationalSeattleVancouverJuly 17, 1972[72]
BN International
September 30, 1981[73][74]
Pacific SurflinerSan DiegoLos AngelesSanta BarbaraSan Luis ObispoJune 1, 2000presentrenamed from the San Diegan
PioneerDenverCheyenneOgdenBoisePortlandSeattleJune 7, 1977May 10, 1997[75][76]
Puget SoundSeattlePortland, OregonMay 1, 1971
BN unnamed
June 7, 1977unnamed until November 14, 1971;[77] replaced by Pioneer
San DieganLos AngelesSan DiegoMay 1, 1971
ATSF San Diegan
June 25, 1988unnamed until November 14, 1971
Los Angeles or Santa BarbaraSan DiegoJune 26, 1988April 1996only one train daily went as far as Santa Barbara, the rest stopped in Los Angeles
Los Angeles or San Louis ObispoSan DiegoApril 1996May 31, 2000only one train daily went as far as San Louis Obispo, the rest stopped in Los Angeles;
renamed the Pacific Surfliner[78]
San JoaquinOakland/SacramentoBakersfieldMarch 5, 1974present[79]
Spirit of CaliforniaLos AngelesSanta BarbaraOaklandSacramentoOctober 25, 1981September 30, 1983[80][81]
Willamette ValleyPortlandEugeneAugust 3, 1980December 31, 1981[82][83]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Amtrak posts second-best ridership in history". Amtrak. October 12, 2009. Retrieved 2010-02-03. 
  2. ^ a b Pollak, Michael (2005-09-25). "Names With a Past". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-11-06. 
  3. ^ Wade, Betsy (1997-05-11). "Amtrak Gets Late Start On Summer Schedule". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-11-06. 
  4. ^ Goldberg 1981, p. 169
  5. ^ Waltzer, Jim. "Waltz Through Time: An Express Derailed". Atlantic City Weekly. Retrieved 2011-01-01. 
  6. ^ Wren, Patricia (July 5, 1986). "TIES RENEWED ON N.Y.-CAPE TRAIN RIDE". Boston Globe. Retrieved 2013-06-28. 
  7. ^ "Amtrak cancels NYC-Cape Cod train". The Standard-Times (New Bedford). Associated Press. May 11, 1997. Retrieved 2012-07-03. 
  8. ^ "Amtrak's Downeaster rolls out". Daily Herald. December 16, 2001. p. 2. Retrieved September 3, 2014 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication - free to read
  9. ^ Goldberg 1981, p. 116
  10. ^ Goldberg 1981, p. 168
  11. ^ Goldberg 1981, p. 155
  12. ^ Goldberg 1981, p. 155
  13. ^ Goldberg 1981, pp. 140-141
  14. ^ Goldberg 1981, p. 154
  15. ^ Goldberg 1981, p. 94
  16. ^ "Gulf Breeze button". Amtrak.com. November 14, 2012. Retrieved 3 September 2014. 
  17. ^ "AMTRAK ELIMINATES GULF BREEZE TRAIN SERVICE; REPLACES WITH THRUWAY BUS SERVICE". PR Newswire. 3 Apr 1995. 
  18. ^ everything2.com
  19. ^ Goldberg 1981, p. 140
  20. ^ Goldberg 1981, p. 154
  21. ^ "Southern Amtrak passenger train scheduled". News-Tribune. April 11, 1976. Retrieved 2011-07-04. 
  22. ^ Weaver, Jay (January 7, 1995). "Amtrak won't cut trips through Ocala". Star-Banner. Retrieved 2011-07-04. 
  23. ^ McDowell, Edwin (June 7, 1995). "Business Travel; There have been 10 billion passengers since that first commercial flight across Tampa Bay in 1914". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-04-04. 
  24. ^ Goldberg 1981, p. 140
  25. ^ "Pardon me boy - Is that the Silver Palm for Tampa?". Miami News. October 16, 1982. Retrieved 2012-07-07. 
  26. ^ Marmor, Jon (May 1, 1985). "Silver Palm Comes to End Of the Line". Palm Beach Post. 
  27. ^ Goldberg 1981, p. 154
  28. ^ Goldberg 1981, p. 134
  29. ^ everything2.com
  30. ^ everything2.com
  31. ^ everything2.com
  32. ^ everything2.com
  33. ^ everything2.com
  34. ^ Goldberg 1981, p. 134
  35. ^ Goldberg 1981, p. 134
  36. ^ everything2.com
  37. ^ Goldberg 1981, p. 134
  38. ^ Goldberg 1981, p. 224
  39. ^ everything2.com
  40. ^ a b www.register-mail.com
  41. ^ everything2.com
  42. ^ trainweather.com
  43. ^ everything2.com
  44. ^ Sanders 2006, pp. 197–201
  45. ^ everything2.com
  46. ^ Sanders 2006, pp. 109-113
  47. ^ www.lib.niu.edu
  48. ^ michiganrailroads.com
  49. ^ everything2.com
  50. ^ ChicagoRailfan.com
  51. ^ rrpicturearchives.net
  52. ^ everything2.com
  53. ^ www.everything2.com
  54. ^ Sanders 2006, p. 109
  55. ^ everything2.com
  56. ^ everything2.com
  57. ^ everything2.com
  58. ^ trainweb.com
  59. ^ everything2.com
  60. ^ everything2.com
  61. ^ everything2.com
  62. ^ everything2.com
  63. ^ everything2.com
  64. ^ azrail.org
  65. ^ everything2.com
  66. ^ Goldberg 1981, pp. 16-17
  67. ^ Goldberg 1981, p. 16
  68. ^ everything2.com
  69. ^ everything2.com
  70. ^ everything2.com
  71. ^ everything2.com
  72. ^ Knox, Paul (July 18, 1972). "Seattle-Vancouver train runs again". Vancouver Sun. Retrieved 2011-12-16. 
  73. ^ "Some of the changes". Telegraph Herald. October 1, 1981. Retrieved 2011-12-16. 
  74. ^ everything2.com
  75. ^ everything2.com
  76. ^ trainweb.com
  77. ^ everything2.com
  78. ^ everything2.com
  79. ^ Cook, Gale (March 10, 1974). "San Joaquin Valley Amtrak Route Draws Some Tart Comments". Modesto Bee. 
  80. ^ "New Train 'Spirit of California'". Ventura County Advisor. December 24, 1981. Retrieved August 26, 2013. 
  81. ^ "Amtrak on the Property" (May 1986). Passenger Train Journal, p. 27. PTJ Publishing.
  82. ^ "First run for train". The Bulletin. August 4, 1980. 
  83. ^ Wyant, Dan (December 29, 1981). "Slide closes rail line near Oakridge". The Register-Guard. 

References[edit]

Trains prior to Amtrak[edit]