List of Amtrak routes

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Amtrak operates the following intercity and long-distance passenger train routes.

To-scale map of Amtrak services

Current routes[edit]

NameRouteOriginNumbersFrequencyFY2009 Passengers[1]FY2013 Passengers[2]Route milesYearly Ridership per mile
Acela ExpressBostonWashington, DC (high-speed rail)PC2100–229015 trips per weekday, 4 trips per Saturday, 8 trips per Sunday3,019,6273,343,1434566,622
AdirondackMontrealNew York via AlbanyD&H68–69daily104,681133,008381275
Amtrak CascadesVancouver, BCEugene, Oregon via Portland and SeattleNP, GN, and UP500–5175 trips daily (2 Seattle-Eugene, 1 Seattle-Portland, 1 Vancouver-Portland, 1 Vancouver-Seattle)740,154811,6924671,585
Auto TrainLorton, VirginiaSanford, FloridaATC52–53daily232,955265,274855272
Blue WaterChicagoPort Huron, MichiganGTW364–365daily132,851191,106319416
California ZephyrChicagoEmeryville, California (Oakland/San Francisco)CB&Q, D&RGW, WP5–6daily345,558376,9322,438142
Capitol CorridorAuburn, CaliforniaSacramentoSan Jose via OaklandSP518–553, 720–75116 trips per weekday (8 Oakland-Sacramento, 7 San Jose-Sacramento, 1 Oakland-Auburn), 11 trips per Saturday/Sunday (6 San Jose-Sacramento, 4 Oakland-Sacramento, 1 San Jose-Auburn)1,599,6251,701,1851729,300
Capitol LimitedChicagoWashington, DC via Cleveland and PittsburghB&O29–30daily215,371229,668764282
CardinalChicagoNew York via Indianapolis, Cincinnati, and Washington, DCPC, C&O50–513 trips per week108,614113,1031,14795
Carl SandburgChicagoQuincy, IllinoisCB&Q381–382daily202,558228,722 including the Illinois Zephyr258785
CarolinianNew YorkCharlotte, North CarolinaSOU79–80daily277,740317,550704395
City of New OrleansChicagoNew OrleansIC58–59daily196,659256,816926212
Coast StarlightSeattleLos Angeles via Sacramento and OaklandSP11, 14daily432,565479,5221,377314
CrescentNew YorkNew Orleans via AtlantaSOU19–20daily286,576306,7331,377208
DowneasterBrunswick, MaineBostonPAR680–6995 trips daily460,474559,9771163,970
Empire BuilderChicagoPortland, Oregon/Seattle via MinneapolisSt. PaulGN7–8, 27–28daily515,444536,3912,257 miles (Chicago–Portland)

2,206 miles (Chicago–Seattle)

199
Empire ServiceNew YorkNiagara Falls, New York via AlbanyPC230–2889 trips per weekday, (7 Albany-New York, 2 Niagara Falls-New York), 4 trips per Saturday (2 Albany-New York, 2 Niagara Falls-New York), 5 trips per Sunday (3 Albany-New York, 2 Niagara Falls-New York)925,7461,081,3294602,012
Ethan Allen ExpressNew YorkRutland, Vermont via AlbanyD&H290–296daily46,74853,271241194
Heartland FlyerOklahoma City, OklahomaFort Worth, TexasATSF821–822daily73,56481,226206357
Hiawatha ServiceChicagoMilwaukee, WisconsinMILW329–3427 trips daily738,231820,789868,584
Hoosier StateChicagoIndianapolisPC850, 8514 trips per week31,38436,768196160
IlliniChicagoCarbondale, IllinoisIC392–393daily259,630340,741 including Saluki310838
Illinois ZephyrChicagoQuincy, IllinoisCB&Q380,383daily202,558228,722 combined with Carl Sandburg258785
Keystone ServiceNew YorkHarrisburg, Pennsylvania via PhiladelphiaPC600–67213 trips per weekday (9 Harrisburg-New York, 4 Harrisburg-Philadelphia), 7 trips per Saturday/Sunday (6 Harrisburg-New York, 1 Harrisburg-Philadelphia)1,215,7851,466,5041956,235
Lake Shore LimitedNew YorkChicago via Albany with connection from BostonPC48, 49, 448, 449daily334,456395,4551,018 (Chicago – Boston)

959 (Chicago – New York)

349
Lincoln ServiceChicagoSt. Louis, MissouriGM&O300–3074 trips daily506,235655,4652841,783
Maple LeafNew YorkToronto, Ontario via AlbanyPC63–64daily354,492 (2008)406,973544652
Missouri River RunnerSt. LouisKansas CityMP311, 313, 314, 316daily190,628199,470283785
Northeast RegionalBoston, Massachusetts/Springfield, MassachusettsNew YorkPhiladelphiaBaltimoreWashington, DCNorfolk, Virginia/Newport News, VirginiaPC66, 67, 78, 82–88, 93–95, 99, 110, 111, 121, 125, 127, 129–131, 133–143, 145–148, 150–19920 per weekday (13 Boston-Washington, 2 Boston-Richmond, 2 Boston-Newport News, 1 Boston-Norfolk, 1 Boston-Lynchburg, 1 Springfield-Washington), 17 per Saturday/Sunday (9 Boston-Washington, 2 Boston-Richmond, 2 Boston-Newport News, 2 Springfield-Washington, 1Boston-Norfolk, 1 Boston-Lynchburg)6,920,6108,044,216

186,125 to Lynchburg 578,368 to Newport News 127,937 to Norfolk

66410,423
Pacific SurflinerSan Luis Obispo, CaliforniaSan Diego, California via Los AngelesATSF562–597, 763–79912 per weekday, (7 Los Angeles-San Diego, 3 Goleta-San Diego, 1 San Luis Obispo-San Diego, 1 San Luis Obispo-Los Angeles), 13 per weekday, (8 Los Angeles-San Diego, 3 Goleta-San Diego, 1 San Luis Obispo-Los Angeles, 1 San Luis Obispo-San Diego)2,592,9962,705,8233507,409
PalmettoNew YorkSavannah, GeorgiaSCL89–90daily171,316207,915829207
PennsylvanianNew YorkPittsburgh, Pennsylvania via PhiladelphiaPC42–44daily199,484218,917444449
Pere MarquetteChicagoGrand Rapids, MichiganC&O370–371daily103,246104,491176587
PiedmontRaleigh, North CarolinaCharlotte, North CarolinaSOU73–762 trips daily68,427170,266173396
SalukiChicagoCarbondale, IllinoisIC390–391daily259,630340,741 including Illini310838
San JoaquinsOakland/SacramentoBakersfield, CaliforniaSP701–7186 trips daily (4 Oakland-Bakersfield, 2 Sacramento-Bakersfield)929,1721,219,818318 (Bakersfield–Oakland)

280 (Bakersfield–Sacramento)

2,364
ShuttleSpringfield, MassachusettsNew Haven, ConnecticutPC401, 405, 450, 460, 463, 464, 466, 467, 470, 475, 476, 479, 488, 490, 493–495, 4974 per weekday, 5 per Saturday/Sunday325,518390,027635,167
Silver MeteorNew YorkMiami, FloridaSCL97–98daily330,734373,1621,389238
Silver StarNew YorkMiami, FloridaSCL91–92daily371,235414,0771,522244
Southwest ChiefChicagoLos Angeles via Kansas City, Missouri and Albuquerque, New MexicoATSF3–4daily318,025355,8152,256141
Sunset LimitedOrlando, FloridaLos Angeles via New Orleans and HoustonSP1–23 trips per week. New Orleans-Orlando segment suspended since Hurricane Katrina.78,775102,9241,99539
Texas EagleChicagoSan Antonio, Texas via St. Louis and Fort WorthMP21–22daily260,467340,0811,306 (Chicago – San Antonio)

2,728 (Chicago – Los Angeles)

95
VermonterSt. Albans, VermontWashington, DCCV NECR54–57daily74,01684,109611121
WolverineChicagoPontiac via DetroitPC350–3553 trips daily444,127509,1003041,461

Full listing, including discontinued routes[edit]

Note that intercity trains were operated after 1971 by the Alaska Railroad, Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad, Chicago South Shore and South Bend Railroad, Denver and Rio Grande Western Railroad, Georgia Railroad, Reading Company, and Southern Railway. The Southern Railway and D&RGW routes were taken over by Amtrak in 1979 and 1983 respectively. In addition, the Canadian Pacific Railway's Atlantic, taken over by Via Rail in 1978, crossed northern Maine.

Northeast Corridor[edit]

Most Northeast Corridor trains were renamed NortheastDirect in the late 1990s, then Acela Regional and later just Regional. Currently most of the below named trains are called Northeast Regional. Some of these train names were changed prior to the late 1990s.

NameRouteDates operatedNotes
Afternoon CongressionalWashingtonNew YorkMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 13, 1971
BankersSpringfieldWashingtonOctober 26, 1975October 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
Bay StateNew YorkBostonMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 14, 1971
WashingtonBostonNovember 14, 1971October 29, 1972
PhiladelphiaBostonOctober 29, 1972April 29, 1973
New HavenBostonApril 29, 1973March 1, 1975
Beacon HillBostonNew HavenApril 30, 1978October 24, 1981Replaced Clamdigger
Benjamin FranklinPhiladelphiaBostonFebruary 15, 1977Replaced Bicentennial
BicentennialPhiladelphiaBostonFebruary 15, 1976February 14, 1977Replaced Bunker Hill; replaced by Benjamin Franklin
Betsy RossWashingtonNew YorkFebruary 15, 1976
Big ApplePhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979October 24, 1981Renamed Clocker; also the name of a Keystone Service train
BostonianNew YorkBostonMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 13, 1971
May 19, 1974April 29, 1978
BoweryWashingtonNew York
Bunker HillPhiladelphiaBostonNovember 14, 1971February 15, 1976Replaced by Bicentennial
CapitolWashingtonNew YorkApril 26, 1981
Capitol HillWashingtonNew York
Capitol Hill Express
Capitol SunrisePhiladelphiaWashington
Central ParkPhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979April 26, 1980
Charter OakNew YorkSpringfieldNovember 14, 1971October 28, 1972
October 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
ChesapeakeWashingtonNew YorkApril 29, 1973June 11, 1977
PhiladelphiaWashingtonApril 30, 1978October 29, 1983Maryland/Pennsylvania-funded commuter service
New YorkRichmondOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
ClamdiggerNew HavenProvidenceOctober 31, 1976October 28, 1977
January 8, 1978April 30, 1978Replaced by Beacon Hill
ClockersPhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 25, 1981October 28, 2005Unnamed 1971–1979; carried individual names 1979–1981
ColonialWashingtonBostonMay 1, 1971 (PC)April 28, 1973
February 15, 1976June 15, 1976
Newport NewsBostonJune 15, 1976October 26, 1992Replaced by Old Dominion
ConcordWashingtonBoston:
CongressionalWashingtonNew YorkNovember 14, 1971December 16, 1971
April 30, 1978
BostonWashingtonOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
Connecticut ConnectorSpringfieldNew HavenOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
Connecticut Valley ServiceSpringfieldNew HavenOctober 25, 1981Previously unnamed
Connecticut YankeeWashingtonSpringfieldNovember 14, 1971October 29, 1972
WashingtonNew HavenOctober 29, 1972April 29, 1973
PhiladelphiaSpringfieldApril 29, 1973June 11, 1977
WashingtonSpringfieldOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
East WindNew YorkBostonNovember 14, 1971October 28, 1973
WashingtonBostonOctober 28, 1973February 14, 1976
EdisonPhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979October 24, 1981Renamed Clocker
EmbassyWashingtonNew YorkMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 13, 1971
October 31, 1976April 25, 1981
Evening ExecutiveWashington, D.C.New HavenNovember 14, 1971June 10, 1972
Evening Liberty ExpressPhiladelphiaBostonApril 30, 1978October 27, 1979
Evening MetropolitanWashingtonNew York
PhiladelphiaNew York
Executive SleeperWashingtonNew YorkApril 27, 1986August 19, 1994Washington-New York section of the Night Owl; renamed from Washington Executive
Fairfield
Fast MailWashingtonBoston/SpringfieldOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
FederalWashingtonBoston
First State
Flying YankeeNew YorkBostonMay 19, 1974April 29, 1978Replaced Shoreliner
Foggy BottomWashingtonNew York
Free StateWashingtonNew YorkNovember 14, 1971October 28, 1973
Garden StatePhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979October 24, 1981Renamed Clocker
Garden State Special
GeorgetownWashingtonNew York
GothamPhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979October 24, 1981Renamed Clocker
Gotham ExpressBoston/SpringfieldNew YorkOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
Gotham LimitedNewport NewsNew York
Herald SquarePhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979October 24, 1981Renamed Clocker
WashingtonNew YorkOctober 25, 1981Replaced Times Square
IndependenceNew YorkWashingtonOctober 25, 1981
WashingtonSpringfieldOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
James RiverNewport NewsWashingtonOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
JeffersonianNew YorkWashington, D.C.October 25, 1981
John AdamsPhiladelphiaBostonJune 12, 1977April 29, 1978
KeystonePhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 24, 1981Renamed Clocker; also the name of a Keystone Service train
KnickerbockerNew YorkBostonMay 19, 1974June 11, 1977
LegislatorWashingtonNew YorkMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 13, 1971
Liberty BellPhiladelphiaNew York
Liberty ExpressPhiladelphiaBostonOctober 28, 1979
Mail Express
ManhattanNew YorkBoston, MassachusettsMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 13, 1971
August 15, 1973October 28, 1973Replaced Manhattan Turbo
Manhattan ExpressRichmondNew YorkOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
Manhattan LimitedPhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979October 24, 1981Renamed Clocker
WashingtonNew YorkOctober 25, 1981
Manhattan TurboNew YorkBoston, MassachusettsOctober 29, 1972August 15, 1973Replaced by Manhattan
MayflowerWashingtonBostonMay 19, 1974September 12, 1975
October 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
MerchantsWashingtonBostonNovember 20, 1977April 30, 1978Renamed from and to Merchants Limited
Merchants LimitedNew YorkBostonMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 14, 1971
WashingtonBostonNovember 14, 1971October 28, 1995Named Merchants (November 20, 1977 – April 30, 1978); replaced by NortheastDirect
MetrolinerWashingtonNew YorkMay 1, 1971 (PC)October 27, 2006
Morning ExecutiveWashington, D.C.New HavenNovember 14, 1971June 10, 1972
MetropolitanWashington, D.C.New YorkApril 26, 1981
Midday CongressionalWashingtonNew YorkMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 13, 1971
Minute ManPhiladelphiaBostonJune 12, 1972April 29, 1973
WashingtonBostonApril 29, 1973October 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
Morning Liberty ExpressPhiladelphiaBostonApril 30, 1978October 27, 1979
Mount VernonWashingtonNew YorkMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 13, 1971
February 15, 1976June 14, 1976
April 27, 1980
Murray HillNew YorkBostonMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 13, 1971
WashingtonNew YorkOctober 28, 1973October 28, 1978
PhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979October 24, 1981Renamed Clocker
NarragansettNew YorkBostonNovember 14, 1971October 27, 1973
PhiladelphiaBostonFebruary 15, 1976June 11, 1976
New England ExpressRichmondBostonOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
New England Zip
New EnglanderPhiladelphiaBostonMay 19, 1974October 25, 1975
New Jerseyan
New York Executive
New YorkerNew YorkBostonMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 13, 1971
WashingtonNew YorkApril 29, 1973October 31, 1976
PhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979October 24, 1981Renamed Clocker
WashingtonNew YorkOctober 25, 1981
NightcapWashingtonNew YorkNovember 14, 1971June 10, 1972
October 28, 1973February 14, 1976
Night OwlWashingtonBostonJune 12, 1972July 10, 1997Replaced by Twilight Shoreliner
Nutmeg StateWashingtonSpringfieldOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
Old DominionNewport NewsBostonReplaced Colonial
SpringfieldRichmondOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
PatriotWashingtonBostonMay 1, 1971 (PC)October 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
PhiladelphianPhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979October 24, 1981Previously unnamed; renamed Clocker
PilgrimPhiladelphiaBostonOctober 28, 1973February 15, 1976
New YorkBostonFebruary 15, 1976April 29, 1978
PotomacWashingtonBostonOctober 25, 1981
Newport NewsNew York
PresidentWashingtonNew YorkMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 13, 1971
QuakerPhiladelphiaBostonOctober 28, 1973May 18, 1974
Quaker CityPhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979October 24, 1981Renamed Clocker
October 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
RepresentativeWashingtonNew YorkMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 13, 1971
RittenhousePhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979October 24, 1981Renamed Clocker
SchuylkillPhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979April 26, 1980
SenatorWashingtonBostonMay 1, 1971 (PC)October 24, 1981
October 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
ShorelinerNew YorkBostonJanuary 6, 1974May 19, 1974Replaced by Flying Yankee
October 28, 1979
StatesmanWashingtonBostonOctober 28, 1973February 14, 1977
SundownWashingtonBostonOctober 28, 1973February 14, 1976
New YorkBostonFebruary 15, 1976April 26, 1978
TidewaterNewport NewsNew YorkJuly 30, 1978October 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
Tidewater ExpressBostonNewport NewsOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
Times SquareWashingtonNew YorkApril 26, 1981October 24, 1981Replaced by Herald Square
TurboProvidenceBostonOctober 29, 1972April 28, 1973
TurboserviceNew YorkBostonMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 13, 1971
Turbo Yankee ClipperNew YorkBostonNovember 14, 1971October 29, 1972Renamed Yankee Clipper Turbo
Turbo York ClipperNew YorkBostonNovember 14, 1971January 16, 1972Renamed Turbo Yankee Clipper
Twilight ShorelinerNewport NewsBoston
Valley ForgePhiladelphiaBostonNovember 14, 1971June 12, 1972
WashingtonBostonJune 12, 1972April 29, 1973
PhiladelphiaNew HavenApril 29, 1973October 29, 1973
HarrisburgNew YorkOctober 29, 1973
VerrazanoWashingtonNew YorkOctober 25, 1981
VirginianNewport News/RichmondNew York
Wall StreetWashingtonNew York
Washington ExecutiveWashingtonNew YorkOctober 28, 1984April 26, 1986Washington-New York section of the Night Owl; renamed Executive Sleeper
Washington ExpressWashington-New YorkOctober 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
Weekend MetrolinerWashingtonNew York
William PennPhiladelphiaNew YorkOctober 28, 1979October 24, 1981Renamed Clocker
Yankee ClipperNew YorkBostonMay 1, 1971 (PC)November 13, 1971
August 15, 1973February 15, 1976
New YorkProvidenceFebruary 15, 1976September 9, 1976
WashingtonBostonOctober 28, 1979October 28, 1995Replaced by NortheastDirect
Yankee Clipper TurboNew YorkBostonOctober 29, 1972August 14, 1973Renamed from Turbo Yankee Clipper

Empire Corridor[edit]

Trains operating over the Empire Corridor (the former New York Central Railroad Water Level Route) are now collectively known as the Empire Service. Individual names first appeared on the May 19, 1974, timetable.

NameRouteDates operatedNotes
Unnamed #483/#484AlbanySchenectadyFebruary 1, 1981
Bear MountainNew YorkAlbanyFebruary 15, 1977April 29, 1978
August 3, 1980October 25, 1980
April 26, 1981Renamed from Henry Hudson
Capital City Express
CatskillNew YorkAlbany
CayugaNew YorkBuffalo
Central ParkAlbanyNew York
DeWitt ClintonNew YorkAlbanyMay 19, 1974April 25, 1981Renamed from Empire Service; replaced by Rip Van Winkle
Electric City ExpressNew YorkSchenectadyApril 26, 1981Replaced Salt City Express
Empire State ExpressNew YorkBuffaloMay 19, 1974October 30, 1974Renamed from Empire Service
New YorkBuffaloDetroitOctober 31, 1974April 24, 1976Renamed Niagara Rainbow
New YorkBuffaloJanuary 8, 1978October 28, 1978Renamed from Water Level Express
New YorkNiagara FallsOctober 29, 1978
Half MoonNew YorkAlbany
Hendrick HudsonAlbanyNew York
Henry HudsonNew YorkAlbanyMay 19, 1974April 25, 1981Renamed from Empire Service; renamed Bear Mountain
Hudson HighlanderNew YorkAlbanyApril 26, 1981Replaced Washington Irving
Hudson River Express[3]New YorkAlbany
Hudson Valley ExpressNew YorkSchenectady
Hudson Valley ServiceNew YorkAlbany
KnickerbockerAlbanyNew York
MohawkNew YorkNew YorkApril 26, 1981
New YorkSyracuse
Niagara RainbowNew YorkBuffaloDetroitApril 25, 1976January 30, 1979Renamed from Empire State Express
New YorkNiagara FallsJanuary 31, 1979
Nieuw AmsterdamAlbanyNew York
OneidaNew YorkSyracuse
PalisadesNew YorkAlbany
PatroonNew YorkAlbany
Rip Van Winkle[3]New YorkAlbanyApril 26, 1981Replaced Rip Van Winkle
Salt City ExpressNew YorkSyracuseMay 19, 1974April 25, 1981Renamed from Empire Service; replaced by Electric City Express
Saratogian[4]New YorkSaratoga Springs
Sleepy HollowNew YorkAlbany
Spa ExpressNew YorkSaratoga Springs
Spuyten DuyvilNew YorkAlbany
Storm KingAlbanyNew YorkApril 26, 1981
SchenectadyNew York
Washington IrvingNew YorkAlbanyNovember 15, 1974January 31, 1981
New YorkSchenectadyFebruary 1, 1981April 25, 1981Replaced by Hudson Highlander
Water Level ExpressNew YorkBuffaloMay 19, 1974January 7, 1978Renamed from Empire Service; renamed Empire State Express
Niagara FallsNew York

Keystone Corridor[edit]

Trains operating over the Keystone Corridor (the former Pennsylvania Railroad main line) to Harrisburg are now collectively known as the Keystone Service.

NameRouteDates operatedNotes
Big AppleNew YorkHarrisburgApril 27, 1980April 30, 1994Renamed Keystone Service
Harrisburg ExpressNew YorkHarrisburgOctober 28, 1995Replaced by Keystone Service
KeystoneNew YorkHarrisburgApril 27, 1980October 24, 1981Replaced by Susquehanna
Keystone Executive
Keystone State ExpressNew YorkHarrisburgApril 1, 1990Mid-1990sReplaced Valley Forge; replaced by Keystone Service
New York ExpressNew YorkHarrisburgOctober 28, 1995Replaced by Keystone Service
Silverliner ServicePhiladelphiaHarrisburgApril 29, 1973November 29, 1975
New YorkHarrisburgNovember 30, 1975October 24, 1981Re-branded Keystone Service
SusquehannaNew YorkHarrisburgOctober 25, 1981October 29, 1994Replaced Keystone; replaced by Keystone Service
Valley ForgeNew YorkHarrisburgOctober 28, 1973March 30, 1990Replaced by Keystone State Express

Northeast[edit]

NameRouteDates operatedNotes
AdirondackMontrealNew YorkAugust 6, 1974 (1974-08-06)presentJoint operation with Empire State Express/DeWitt Clinton until April 1975[5]
Atlantic City ExpressWashington, D.C.Atlantic CityMay 21, 1989 (1989-05-21)April 1, 1995 (1995-04-01)Replaced by the New Jersey Transit Atlantic City Line[6]
New YorkAtlantic City
Cape CodderNew YorkHyannisMay 3, 1986 (1986-05-03)September 29, 1996 (1996-09-29)Seasonal service.[7][8]
DowneasterBostonPortlandDecember 15, 2001 (2001-12-15)November 1, 2012 (2012-11-01)Extended to Brunswick[9]
BostonBrunswickNovember 1, 2012 (2012-11-01)present[10]
Ethan Allen ExpressNew YorkRutlandDecember 2, 1996 (1996-12-02)present[11]
Fort PittPittsburghAltoonaApril 26, 1981January 30, 1983
KeystoneNew YorkPittsburghMay 1, 1971
PC Duquesne
April 30, 1972named the Duquesne until November 14, 1971[12]
Maple LeafNew YorkAlbanyBuffaloTorontoApril 26, 1981present
MontrealerWashington, D.C.New YorkHartfordSpringfieldMontrealSeptember 29, 1972April 6, 1987renamed the Vermonter when service to Montreal was cut
July 18, 1989April 1, 1995
PennsylvanianNew YorkPittsburghApril 27, 1980November 6, 1998
PhiladelphiaChicagoNovember 7, 1998January 26, 2003
New YorkPittsburghJanuary 27, 2003November 1, 2004Merged with Three Rivers
March 8, 2005presentrenamed from the Three Rivers
VermonterWashington, D.C.New YorkHartfordSpringfieldSt. AlbansApril 2, 1995presentrenamed from the Montrealer
WashingtonianWashington, DCNew YorkHartfordSpringfieldMontrealSeptember 29, 1972May 19, 1974name given to southbound Montrealer[13]

South[edit]

NameRouteDates operatedNotes
Auto TrainLortonSanford30 October 1983 (1983-10-30)present
Carolina CoastNew YorkSavannah11 June 1972 (1972-06-11)10 September 1972 (1972-09-10)[14]
Carolina SpecialNew YorkJacksonville15 June 1973 (1973-06-15)3 September 1973 (1973-09-03)[15]
CarolinianNew YorkCharlotte28 October 1984 (1984-10-28)1 September 1985 (1985-09-01)
12 May 1990 (1990-05-12)present
ChampionNew YorkSt. Petersburg1 May 1971 (1971-05-01)1 October 1979 (1979-10-01)Inherited from the PC/RF&P/SCL Champion. Consolidated with the Silver Meteor.[16]
CrescentNew YorkNew Orleans1 February 1979 (1979-02-01)presentConveyed from the Southern Railway's Southern Crescent.
Florida SpecialNew YorkMiami17 December 1971 (1971-12-17)14 April 1972 (1972-04-14)Replaced by the Vacationer for the 1972-1973 season.[17]
FloridianChicagoSt. Petersburg1 May 1971 (1971-05-01)7 October 1979 (1979-10-07)Inherited from the PC/L&N/SCL South Wind; named the South Wind until November 14, 1971.[18]
Gulf BreezeNew YorkMobile27 October 1989 (1989-10-27)1 April 1995 (1995-04-01)Through operation with the Crescent.[19][20]
Gulf Coast LimitedNew OrleansMobile29 April 1984 (1984-04-29)6 January 1985 (1985-01-06)[21][22]
28 June 1996 (1996-06-28)31 March 1997 (1997-03-31)[23][24]
MeteorBostonMiami/St. Petersburg11 June 1972 (1972-06-11)10 September 1972 (1972-09-10)Joint operation of Silver Meteor and Champion.[25]
MiamianNew YorkMiami15 December 1974 (1974-12-15)10 January 1975 (1975-01-10)Replaced the Vacationer.[26]
PalmettoNew YorkSavannah15 June 1976 (1976-06-15)December 1988 (1988-12)[27][28]
New YorkJacksonvilleDecember 1988 (1988-12)October 1994 (1994-10)
New YorkTampaOctober 1994 (1994-10)1 February 1995 (1995-02-01)Replaced the Silver Meteor's Tampa section.[29][30]
New YorkMiami1 May 2002 (2002-05-01)1 November 2004 (2004-11-01)Renamed from the Silver Palm.
New YorkSavannah1 November 2004 (2004-11-01)present
PiedmontRaleighCharlotte25 May 1995 (1995-05-25)present[31]
Silver MeteorNew YorkMiami1 May 1971 (1971-05-01)11 June 1972 (1972-06-11)Inherited from the PC/RF&P/SCL Silver Meteor. Renamed Meteor.[32]
10 September 1972 (1972-09-10)presentRenamed from the Meteor.[32]
Silver PalmMiamiTampa21 November 1982 (1982-11-21)30 April 1985 (1985-04-30)[33][34]
New YorkMiami10 November 1996 (1996-11-10)1 May 2002 (2002-05-01)Renamed the Palmetto.
Silver StarNew YorkMiami1 May 1971 (1971-05-01)presentInherited from the PC/RF&P/SCL Silver Star.
VacationerNew YorkMiami15 December 1972 (1972-12-15)27 April 1974 (1974-04-27)Seasonal operation; replaced the Florida Special. Replaced by the Miamian for the 1974-1975 season.[35]

Northeast–Midwest[edit]

NameRouteDates operatedNotes
Blue RidgeWashington, D.C.Martinsburg7 May 1973 (1973-05-07)1986 (1986)Renamed from the Potomac Special; transferred to MARC[36][37]
Broadway LimitedNew YorkChicago1 May 1971 (1971-05-01)10 September 1995 (1995-09-10)Inherited from the PC Broadway Limited; renamed the Three Rivers[38]
Capitol LimitedWashington, D.C.Chicago1 October 1981 (1981-10-01)present[39]
CardinalWashington, D.C.Chicago30 October 1977 (1977-10-30)25 April 1981 (1981-04-25)Renamed from the James Whitcomb Riley.[40]
New YorkChicago26 April 1981 (1981-04-26)30 September 1981 (1981-09-30)[40]
8 January 1982 (1982-01-08)present[41]
Empire State ExpressNew YorkDetroit31 October 1974 (1974-10-31)25 April 1976 (1976-04-25)Previously an Empire Corridor service; renamed the Niagara Rainbow.[42]
George WashingtonWashington, D.C./Newport News-Chicago1 May 1971 (1971-05-01)19 May 1974 (1974-05-19)Inherited from C&O George Washington; name given to eastbound James Whitcomb Riley.[43]
HilltopperWashington, D.C.Catlettsburg31 May 1977 (1977-05-31)8 January 1978 (1978-01-08)Replaced the Mountaineer.[40]
BostonCatlettsburg8 January 1978 (1978-01-08)1 October 1979 (1979-10-01)[40]
James Whitcomb RileyWashington, D.C./Newport NewsChicago1 May 1971 (1971-05-01)30 October 1977 (1977-10-30)Inherited from the PC James Whitcomb Riley; renamed the Cardinal.[44]
Lake ShoreNew YorkChicago10 May 1971 (1971-05-10)6 January 1972 (1972-01-06)Unnamed until November 14, 1971.[45]
Lake Shore LimitedNew York/BostonChicago31 October 1975 (1975-10-31)present[46]
MountaineerNorfolkChicago25 March 1975 (1975-03-25)31 May 1977 (1977-05-31)Replaced by the Hilltopper.[47]
National LimitedNew York/Washington, D.C.Kansas City1 May 1971 (1971-05-01)1 October 1979 (1979-10-01)Inherited from the PC/MP Spirit of St. Louis.[48]
Niagara RainbowNew YorkDetroit25 April 1976 (1976-04-25)30 January 1979 (1979-01-30)Renamed from the Empire State Express; Empire Corridor train post-1979.[49]
Potomac SpecialWashingtonParkersburg14 May 1972 (1972-05-14)6 May 1973 (1973-05-06)Renamed from the Potomac Turbo; renamed the Blue Ridge.[50]
Potomac TurboWashingtonParkersburg7 February 1972 (1972-02-07)14 May 1972 (1972-05-14)Renamed from the West Virginian; renamed the Potomac Special.[51]
ShenandoahWashington, D.C.Cincinnati31 October 1976 (1976-10-31)30 September 1981 (1981-09-30)[52]
Skyline ConnectionPhiladelphiaChicagoNever implemented but was listed in the Spring 2000 national timetable.[53]
Three RiversNew YorkPittsburgh11 September 1995 (1995-09-11)9 November 1996 (1996-11-09)Renamed from the Broadway Limited.[54]
New York-Chicago10 November 1996 (1996-11-10)7 March 2005 (2005-03-07)[55]
West VirginianWashington, D.C.Parkersburg8 September 1971 (1971-09-08)7 February 1972 (1972-02-07)Renamed the Potomac Turbo.[56]

Midwest[edit]

NameRouteDates operatedNotes
Abraham LincolnChicagoSt. Louis1 May 1971 (1971-05-01)14 November 1971 (1971-11-14)Inherited from GM&O Abraham Lincoln.[57]
MilwaukeeSt. Louis14 November 1971 (1971-11-14)30 September 1973 (1973-09-30)Replaced by Turboliner.[58]
ChicagoSt. Louis26 October 1975 (1975-10-26)8 January 1978 (1978-01-08)Replaced by the Ann Rutledge.[58]
Ann RutledgeChicagoSt. Louis15 February 1976 (1976-02-15)30 October 1976 (1976-10-30)Replaced Turboliner.[58]
ChicagoKansas City8 January 1978 (1978-01-08)28 January 2009 (2009-01-28)Replaced Abraham Lincoln; renamed the Missouri River Runner.[58][59]
ArrowheadMinneapolisSuperior16 April 1975 (1975-04-16)15 February 1977 (1977-02-15)[60]
MinneapolisDuluth15 February 1977 (1977-02-15)30 April 1978 (1978-04-30)Replaced by the North Star.15 February 1977 (1977-02-15)
BadgerChicagoMilwaukee28 October 1984 (1984-10-28)29 October 1989 (1989-10-29)Renamed Hiawatha Service.[61]
Black HawkChicagoDubuque14 February 1974 (1974-02-14)30 September 1981 (1981-09-30)[62]
Blue WaterChicagoPort Huron15 September 1974 (1974-09-15)26 October 1975 (1975-10-26)Renamed the Blue Water Limited.[63]
25 April 2004 (2004-04-25)presentReplaced the International Limited.[64]
Blue Water LimitedChicagoPort Huron26 October 1975 (1975-10-26)15 June 1976 (1976-06-15)Replaced the Blue Water; replaced by Turboliner.[65]
31 October 1976 (1976-10-31)31 October 1982 (1982-10-31)Replaced Turboliner; replaced by the International Limited.[65][63]
CalumetChicagoValparaiso29 October 1979 (1979-10-29)3 May 1991 (1991-05-03)Inherited from Conrail commuter service; unnamed until August 3, 1980.[66]
CampusChicagoChampaign14 November 1971 (1971-11-14)5 March 1972 (1972-03-05)[67]
Carl SandburgChicagoQuincy30 October 2006 (2006-10-30)present[68]
City of New OrleansChicagoNew Orleans1 May 1971 (1971-05-01)14 November 1971 (1971-11-14)Inherited from the IC City of New Orleans; replaced by the Panama Limited.[69]
1 February 1981 (1981-02-01)presentRenamed from the Panama Limited.[70]
EagleChicagoSan Antonio2 October 1981 (1981-10-02)14 November 1988 (1988-11-14)Replaced the Inter-American; renamed the Texas Eagle.[71]
ChicagoSt. Louis15 November 1988 (1988-11-15)20 January 1990 (1990-01-20)[71]
EncoreChicagoMilwaukee28 October 1984 (1984-10-28)28 April 1985 (1985-04-28)[61]
Heartland FlyerOklahoma CityFort Worth15 June 1999 (1999-06-15)present[72]
HiawathaChicagoMinneapolis14 November 1971 (1971-11-14)16 January 1972 (1972-01-16)Renamed the Twin Cities Hiawatha.[73]
29 October 1972 (1972-10-29)19 May 1974 (1974-05-19)Replaced by the North Coast Hiawatha.[73]
Hiawatha ServiceChicagoMilwaukee1 May 1971 (1971-05-01)15 June 1976 (1976-06-15)Inherited from MILW Milwaukee Express; unnamed until October 29, 1972. Replaced by Turboliner.[74][61]
29 October 1989 (1989-10-29)presentRenamed from the Badger, LaSalle, Nicollet and Radisson.[61]
Hoosier StateChicagoIndianapolis1 October 1980 (1980-10-01)8 September 1995 (1995-09-08)[75][76]
19 July 1998 (1998-07-19)17 December 1999 (1999-12-17)Replaced by the Kentucky Cardinal.[76]
6 July 2003 (2003-07-06)presentReplaced the Kentucky Cardinal.[77]
IlliniChicagoChampaign14 November 1971 (1971-11-14)3 March 1972 (1972-03-03)[67]
19 December 1973 (1973-12-19)11 January 1986 (1986-01-11)[78]
ChicagoCarbondale12 January 1986 (1986-01-12)presentReplaced the Shawnee.[79]
Illinois ZephyrChicagoQuincy14 November 1971 (1971-11-14)present[80]
Indiana ConnectionChicagoValparaiso29 October 1979 (1979-10-29)10 January 1986 (1986-01-10)Inherited from Conrail commuter service; unnamed until August 3, 1980.[66]
Inter-AmericanChicagoSt. LouisLittle RockDallasSan AntonioLaredoJanuary 28, 1973October 2, 1981renamed the Eagle[81][82]
InternationalChicagoPort HuronTorontoJune 13, 1983April 25, 2004renamed from the International Limited
renamed the Blue Water
International LimitedChicagoPort HuronTorontoOctober 31, 1982June 13, 1983renamed from the Blue Water Limited
renamed the International
Kansas City MuleSt. LouisKansas CityOctober 26, 1980April 1, 1995
July 1, 1995January 27, 2009Replaced by Missouri River Runner
Kentucky CardinalChicagoLouisville17 December 1999 (1999-12-17)5 July 2003 (2003-07-05)Replaced Hoosier State; replaced by Hoosier State.[77]
Lake CitiesChicagoDetroitToledoAugust 3, 1980April 1, 1995renamed from St. Clair[83]
ChicagoPontiacApril 2, 1995April 25, 2004renamed the Wolverine
Lake Country LimitedChicagoJanesvilleJune 15, 2000September 2001[84]
LaSalleChicagoMilwaukeeOctober 26, 1980October 29, 1989Replaced Turboliner; replaced by Hiawatha Service
Lincoln ServiceChicagoSt. Louis, MissouriOctober 30, 2006presentrenamed from the State House
Lone StarChicagoKansas CityOklahoma CityDallasHoustonMay 19, 1974October 8, 1979renamed from the Texas Chief[85]
LoopChicagoSpringfieldApril 27, 1986June 30, 1996[86]
MarquetteChicagoMilwaukeeOctober 26, 1980October 28, 1984Replaced Turboliner
Michigan ExecutiveDetroitJacksonJanuary 20, 1975
PC commuter service
January 13, 1984[87]
Missouri River RunnerSt. LouisKansas CityJanuary 28, 2009presentRenamed from the Ann Rutledge, Kansas City Mule and St. Louis Mule
NicolletChicagoMilwaukeeOctober 26, 1980October 29, 1989Replaced Turboliner; replaced by Hiawatha Service
North StarChicagoMinneapolisDuluthApril 30, 1978April 7, 1985renamed from the Arrowhead[88]
Panama LimitedChicagoMemphisNew OrleansMay 1, 1971
IC City of New Orleans
February 1, 1981named the City of New Orleans until November 14, 1971; renamed the City of New Orleans
Pere MarquetteChicagoGrand RapidsAugust 4, 1984present
Prairie MarksmanChicagoPeoriaAugust 10, 1980October 4, 1981[89][90]
Prairie StateMilwaukeeChicagoSpringfield, IllinoisSt. LouisMay 1, 1971
GM&O Limited
October 1, 1973named the Limited until November 14, 1971;[91] replaced by Turboliner
RadissonChicagoMilwaukeeOctober 26, 1980October 29, 1989Replaced Turboliner; replaced by Hiawatha Service
River CitiesKansas CitySt. LouisCarbondaleMemphisNew OrleansApril 29, 1984November 4, 1993[92]
SalukiChicagoChampaignCarbondaleOctober 30, 2006presentNew train running on same route as Illini train.
St. ClairChicagoDetroitMay 1, 1971
PC Twilight Limited/Michigan
May 10, 1975Replaced by Turboliner
June 15, 1976August 2, 1980Renamed the Lake Cities
St. Louis MuleSt. LouisKansas CityOctober 26, 1980April 1, 1995
July 1, 1995January 27, 2009Renamed the Missouri River Runner
ShawneeChicagoCarbondaleMay 1, 1971
IC Shawnee
January 11, 1986Replaced by Illini
State HouseChicagoSt. LouisOctober 1, 1973October 30, 2006Renamed Lincoln Service
Texas ChiefChicagoKansas CityOklahoma CityDallasHoustonMay 1, 1971
ATSF Texas Chief
May 18, 1974renamed the Lone Star[93]
Texas EagleChicagoSt. LouisLittle RockDallasSan AntonioLos AngelesNovember 15, 1988presentrenamed from the Eagle
TurbolinerChicagoSt. LouisOctober 1, 1973February 15, 1976Replaced Abraham Lincoln and Prairie State; replaced by Ann Rutledge
ChicagoDetroitMay 10, 1975October 31, 1976Replaced Wolverine and St. Clair
ChicagoMilwaukeeOctober 26, 1975October 26, 1980Replaced Hiawatha Service; replaced by LaSalle, Marquette, Nicollet and Radisson
MilwaukeeChicagoDetroitOctober 26, 1975June 15, 1976
ChicagoPort HuronJune 15, 1976October 31, 1976Replaced and replaced by Blue Water Limited
Twilight LimitedChicagoDetroitOctober 31, 1976April 26, 2004renamed the Wolverine
Twin Cities HiawathaChicagoMilwaukeeMinneapolisJanuary 16, 1972June 12, 1972Replaced Hiawatha; replaced by North Coast Hiawatha
September 8, 1977April 30, 1978Replaced by North Star
WolverineChicagoDetroitPontiacMay 1, 1971
PC Wolverine
May 10, 1975unnamed until November 14, 1971; replaced by Turboliner
June 15, 1976present
WeekenderChicagoSt. LouisOctober 1, 1973May 19, 1974Replaced by Turboliner

Midwest–West[edit]

NameRouteDates operatedNotes
California ZephyrChicagoOmahaDenverSalt Lake CitySacramentoOaklandJuly 16, 1983presentrenamed from the San Francisco Zephyr
ChiefChicagoLos AngelesJune 11, 1972September 10, 1972
City of San FranciscoChicagoDenverCheyenneOgdenOaklandNovember 14, 1971June 10, 1972renamed from a section of the Denver Zephyr
renamed the San Francisco Zephyr[94]
Denver ZephyrChicagoDenverMay 1, 1971
BN Denver Zephyr
extended to Oakland until November 14, 1971, when that section was renamed the City of San Francisco[95]
Desert WindLos AngelesLas VegasSalt Lake CityDenverOmahaChicagoOctober 28, 1979May 10, 1997[96][97]
Empire BuilderChicagoMinneapolisSpokanePortland/SeattleMay 1, 1971
BN Empire Builder
present
National ChiefWashington, D.C.PittsburghClevelandChicagoKansas CityAlbuquerqueLos Angelesnever implemented; announced in the 1996 timetable as a through train without the need to transfer, combining the Southwest Chief and the Capitol Limited[98]
North Coast HiawathaChicagoMinneapolisBismarckButteSpokaneSeattleJune 5, 1971
BN North Coast Limited
October 7, 1979unnamed until November 14, 1971[99]
San Francisco ZephyrChicagoOmahaDenverCheyenneOgdenSacramentoOaklandJune 11, 1972July 15, 1983renamed from the City of San Francisco
renamed the California Zephyr[100]
Southwest ChiefChicagoKansas CityAlbuquerqueLos AngelesOctober 28, 1984presentrenamed from the Southwest Limited
Southwest LimitedChicagoKansas CityAlbuquerqueLos AngelesMay 19, 1974October 28, 1984renamed from the Super Chief
renamed the Southwest Chief[101]
Sunset LimitedOrlandoJacksonvilleNew OrleansHoustonSan AntonioLos AngelesMay 1, 1971
SP Sunset Limited
present
Super ChiefChicagoKansas CityAlbuquerqueLos AngelesMay 1, 1971
ATSF Super Chief/El Capitan
May 19, 1974Named the Super Chief/El Capitan until May 1973
renamed the Southwest Limited[102][103]

West[edit]

NameRouteDates operatedNotes
Amtrak CascadesVancouverSeattlePortlandEugeneMay 17, 1998present
Capitol CorridorAuburnSacramentoOaklandSan JoseDecember 11, 1991present
CascadiaSeattlePortlandEugene1995May 16, 1998renamed from the Mount Rainier
renamed Amtrak Cascades[104]
Coast DaylightLos AngelesOaklandMay 1, 1971
SP Coast Daylight
May 19, 1974unnamed until November 14, 1971
joint operation with the Coast Starlight as Coast Starlight/Daylight[105]
Coast StarlightSeattlePortlandOaklandLos AngelesMay 1, 1971
SP/BN Cascade; SP Coast Daylight; ATSF San Diegan
presentunnamed until November 14, 1971; terminated at San Diego 1971-1972[106]
Expo '74SeattleSpokaneMay 19, 1974September 14, 1974
Las Vegas LimitedLos AngelesLas VegasMay 21, 1976August 8, 1976
Mount AdamsSeattlePortlandOctober 30, 1994May 16, 1998replaced the Northwest Talgo; renamed the Amtrak Cascades[107]
Mount Baker InternationalSeattleVancouverMay 26, 19951998renamed the Amtrak Cascades[108]
Mount RainierSeattlePortlandMay 1, 1971
BN unnamed
1995unnamed until November 14, 1971
renamed Cascadia[109]
Northwest TalgoSeattlePortlandApril 1, 1994October 30, 1994replaced by the Mount Adams
Orange County CommuterLos AngelesSan Juan Capistrano19901994replaced by Metrolink Orange County Line[110]
Pacific InternationalSeattleVancouverJuly 17, 1972[111]
BN International
September 30, 1981[112][113]
Pacific SurflinerSan DiegoLos AngelesSanta BarbaraSan Luis ObispoJune 1, 2000presentrenamed from the San Diegan
PioneerDenverCheyenneOgdenBoisePortlandSeattleJune 7, 1977May 10, 1997[114][115]
Puget SoundSeattlePortland, OregonMay 1, 1971
BN unnamed
June 7, 1977unnamed until November 14, 1971;[116] replaced by Pioneer
San DieganLos AngelesSan DiegoMay 1, 1971
ATSF San Diegan
June 25, 1988unnamed until November 14, 1971
Los Angeles or Santa BarbaraSan DiegoJune 26, 1988April 1996only one train daily went as far as Santa Barbara, the rest stopped in Los Angeles
Los Angeles or San Louis ObispoSan DiegoApril 1996May 31, 2000only one train daily went as far as San Louis Obispo, the rest stopped in Los Angeles;
renamed the Pacific Surfliner[117]
San JoaquinOakland/SacramentoBakersfieldMarch 5, 1974present[118]
Spirit of CaliforniaLos AngelesSanta BarbaraOaklandSacramentoOctober 25, 1981September 30, 1983[119][120]
Willamette ValleyPortlandEugeneAugust 3, 1980December 31, 1981[121][122]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Amtrak posts second-best ridership in history". Amtrak. October 12, 2009. Retrieved 2010-02-03. 
  2. ^ "Amtrak Sets Ridership Record And Moves The Nation's Economy Forward - America’s Railroad helps communities grow and prosper" (PDF) (Press release). Amtrak. October 14, 2013. Retrieved 2014-09-03. 
  3. ^ a b Pollak, Michael (2005-09-25). "Names With a Past". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-11-06. 
  4. ^ Wade, Betsy (1997-05-11). "Amtrak Gets Late Start On Summer Schedule". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-11-06. 
  5. ^ Goldberg 1981, p. 169
  6. ^ Waltzer, Jim. "Waltz Through Time: An Express Derailed". Atlantic City Weekly. Retrieved 2011-01-01. 
  7. ^ Wren, Patricia (July 5, 1986). "TIES RENEWED ON N.Y.-CAPE TRAIN RIDE". Boston Globe. Retrieved 2013-06-28. 
  8. ^ "Amtrak cancels NYC-Cape Cod train". The Standard-Times (New Bedford). Associated Press. May 11, 1997. Retrieved 2012-07-03. 
  9. ^ "Amtrak's Downeaster rolls out". Daily Herald. December 16, 2001. p. 2. Retrieved September 3, 2014 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication - free to read
  10. ^ "Downeaster Service to Freeport & Brunswick Begins November 1, 2012" (Press release). NNEPRA. 12 September 2012. Retrieved 14 September 2012. 
  11. ^ "In Amtrak History". Amtrak Ink 18 (11). December 2013. 
  12. ^ Goldberg 1981, p. 116
  13. ^ Goldberg 1981, p. 168
  14. ^ Goldberg 1981, p. 155
  15. ^ Goldberg 1981, p. 155
  16. ^ Goldberg 1981, pp. 140-141
  17. ^ Goldberg 1981, p. 154
  18. ^ Goldberg 1981, p. 94
  19. ^ "Gulf Breeze button". Amtrak.com. November 14, 2012. Retrieved 3 September 2014. 
  20. ^ "AMTRAK ELIMINATES GULF BREEZE TRAIN SERVICE; REPLACES WITH THRUWAY BUS SERVICE". PR Newswire. 3 Apr 1995. 
  21. ^ Stennis, Todd. "History". Southern High-Speed Rail Commission. Retrieved 2011-12-26. 
  22. ^ Herbert, H. Josef (February 18, 1985). "Amtrak tries to improve service while cutting costs". Santa Cruz Sentinel. p. 36. Retrieved October 5, 2014 – via Newspapers.com.  open access publication - free to read
  23. ^ Russell, Kelly (October 7, 1996). "Amtrak's Gulf Coast Limited riding on borrowed time". Mississippi Business Journal  – via HighBeam Research (subscription required). Retrieved 28 October 2012. 
  24. ^ "AMTRAK TO CUT SEATTLE-CHICAGO PIONEER RAIL SERVICE". Seattle Post-Intelligencer  – via HighBeam Research (subscription required). March 21, 1997. Retrieved 28 October 2012. 
  25. ^ Goldberg 1981, p. 140
  26. ^ Goldberg 1981, p. 154
  27. ^ "Southern Amtrak passenger train scheduled". News-Tribune. April 11, 1976. Retrieved 2011-07-04. 
  28. ^ "Travel Advisory". New York Times. December 18, 1988. Retrieved 2011-07-04. 
  29. ^ "National Timetable". Amtrak. October 30, 1994. Retrieved 2011-07-04. 
  30. ^ Weaver, Jay (January 7, 1995). "Amtrak won't cut trips through Ocala". Star-Banner. Retrieved 2011-07-04. 
  31. ^ McDowell, Edwin (June 7, 1995). "Business Travel; There have been 10 billion passengers since that first commercial flight across Tampa Bay in 1914". New York Times. Retrieved 2010-04-04. 
  32. ^ a b Goldberg 1981, p. 140
  33. ^ "Pardon me boy - Is that the Silver Palm for Tampa?". Miami News. October 16, 1982. Retrieved 2012-07-07. 
  34. ^ Marmor, Jon (May 1, 1985). "Silver Palm Comes to End Of the Line". Palm Beach Post. 
  35. ^ Goldberg 1981, p. 154
  36. ^ Goldberg 1981, p. 134
  37. ^ West Virginia Department of Transportation, State Rail Authority (March 12, 2013). "West Virginia State Rail Plan: Maryland Area Regional Commuter Service". Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  38. ^ Sanders 2006, p. 27
  39. ^ Sanders 2006, p. 42
  40. ^ a b c d Goldberg 1981, p. 125
  41. ^ Sanders 2006, p. 43
  42. ^ Sanders 2006, p. 65
  43. ^ Goldberg 1981, pp. 123-124
  44. ^ Goldberg 1981, pp. 123-125
  45. ^ Sanders 2006, p. 19
  46. ^ Sanders 2006, pp. 19-21
  47. ^ Goldberg 1981, pp. 124-125
  48. ^ Goldberg 1981, pp. 101-103
  49. ^ Sanders 2006, pp. 65-67
  50. ^ Goldberg 1981, p. 134
  51. ^ Goldberg 1981, p. 134
  52. ^ Sanders 2006, pp. 68-70
  53. ^ Sanders 2006, p. 77
  54. ^ Sanders 2006, pp. 27-30
  55. ^ "The final Three Rivers service rolls through Ohio, Indiana". Associated Press. 2005. 
  56. ^ Goldberg 1981, p. 134
  57. ^ Goldberg 1981, pp. 75-76
  58. ^ a b c d Goldberg 1981, p. 224
  59. ^ "Missouri Amtrak trains get a new name". USA Today. January 28, 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-10. 
  60. ^ Goldberg 1981, p. 224
  61. ^ a b c d "Appendix 6-B: Chronology of Amtrak Service in Wisconsin". Wisconsin Rail Plan 2030. 
  62. ^ Sanders 2006, pp. 248-251
  63. ^ a b Sanders 2006, p. 204
  64. ^ Sanders 2006, p. 207
  65. ^ a b Goldberg 1981, p. 225
  66. ^ a b Sanders 2006, pp. 214-217
  67. ^ a b Sanders 2006, p. 100
  68. ^ "Amtrak fact sheet: State Supported sector". NARP. 2013. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  69. ^ Sanders 2006, p. 94
  70. ^ Sanders 2006, p. 96
  71. ^ a b Sanders 2006, p. 114
  72. ^ Sanders 2006, p. 118
  73. ^ a b Goldberg 1981, p. 231
  74. ^ Sanders 2006, p. 114
  75. ^ Sanders 2006, p. 212
  76. ^ a b Sanders 2006, p. 220
  77. ^ a b Sanders 2006, p. 221
  78. ^ Sanders 2006, pp. 100-101
  79. ^ Sanders 2006, p. 101
  80. ^ Sanders 2006, p. 243
  81. ^ trainweather.com
  82. ^ everything2.com
  83. ^ Sanders 2006, pp. 197–201
  84. ^ everything2.com
  85. ^ Sanders 2006, pp. 109-113
  86. ^ www.lib.niu.edu
  87. ^ michiganrailroads.com
  88. ^ everything2.com
  89. ^ ChicagoRailfan.com
  90. ^ rrpicturearchives.net
  91. ^ everything2.com
  92. ^ www.everything2.com
  93. ^ Sanders 2006, p. 109
  94. ^ everything2.com
  95. ^ everything2.com
  96. ^ everything2.com
  97. ^ trainweb.com
  98. ^ everything2.com
  99. ^ everything2.com
  100. ^ everything2.com
  101. ^ everything2.com
  102. ^ everything2.com
  103. ^ azrail.org
  104. ^ everything2.com
  105. ^ Goldberg 1981, pp. 16-17
  106. ^ Goldberg 1981, p. 16
  107. ^ everything2.com
  108. ^ everything2.com
  109. ^ everything2.com
  110. ^ everything2.com
  111. ^ Knox, Paul (July 18, 1972). "Seattle-Vancouver train runs again". Vancouver Sun. Retrieved 2011-12-16. 
  112. ^ "Some of the changes". Telegraph Herald. October 1, 1981. Retrieved 2011-12-16. 
  113. ^ everything2.com
  114. ^ everything2.com
  115. ^ trainweb.com
  116. ^ everything2.com
  117. ^ everything2.com
  118. ^ Cook, Gale (March 10, 1974). "San Joaquin Valley Amtrak Route Draws Some Tart Comments". Modesto Bee. 
  119. ^ "New Train 'Spirit of California'". Ventura County Advisor. December 24, 1981. Retrieved August 26, 2013. 
  120. ^ "Amtrak on the Property" (May 1986). Passenger Train Journal, p. 27. PTJ Publishing.
  121. ^ "First run for train". The Bulletin. August 4, 1980. 
  122. ^ Wyant, Dan (December 29, 1981). "Slide closes rail line near Oakridge". The Register-Guard. 

References[edit]

Trains prior to Amtrak[edit]