List of traditional gentlemen's clubs in the United States

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The Yale Club of New York City, founded 1897, the largest gentlemen's club in the world.

The following is a list of notable traditional gentlemen's clubs in the United States, including those that are now defunct. Historically, these clubs were exclusively for men,[1] but most (though not all) in the United States now admit women.

The traditional gentlemen's club originated in London (in particular the St. James's area) in the 18th century as a successor to coffeehouses.[1] Today, these clubs also continue to operate in the United States. The five oldest existing American clubs are the South River Club in South River, Maryland (c.1690/1700), the Schuylkill Fishing Company in Andalusia, Pennsylvania (1732), the Old Colony Club in Plymouth, Massachusetts (1769), The Philadelphia Club in Philadelphia (1834), and the Union Club of the City of New York in New York City (1836).[1] The five oldest existing clubs west of the Mississippi River are the Pacific Club in Honolulu (1851), the Pacific-Union Club (1852), Olympic Club (1860), and Concordia-Argonaut Club (1864), all in San Francisco, and the Arlington Club in Portland, Oregon (1867).

While most major American cities today have at least one gentlemen's club, they are most prevalent in older cities, especially those on the East Coast.[1] As detailed below, only twelve American cities have five or more such clubs: Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Cincinnati, Denver, Los Angeles, New Orleans, New York City, Philadelphia, San Francisco, Seattle, and Washington, D.C. Also as detailed below, New York City contains more than any other American city, including the Yale Club of New York City, the largest traditional gentlemen's club in the world.[2] Throughout the country, though, many clubs have reciprocal relationships with the older clubs in London, with each other, and with other gentlemen's clubs around the world.

A few American gentlemen's clubs maintain separate "city" and "country" clubhouses, essentially functioning as both a traditional gentlemen's club in one location and a country club in another: the Piedmont Driving Club in Atlanta, the Wisconsin Club in Milwaukee,[3] the New York Athletic Club in New York City, the Missouri Athletic Club in St. Louis, and the Olympic Club in San Francisco. Similarly, the Jonathan Club in Los Angeles functions as a traditional gentlemen's club in one location and a beach club in another.

Because in the United States the term "gentlemen's club" commonly may be used to refer euphemistically to strip clubs, traditional gentlemen's clubs often are referred to as "men's clubs" or "city clubs" (as opposed to country clubs) or simply as "private social clubs" or just "private clubs". For other meanings and nuances of the word "club", see club.

List[edit]

Alabama[edit]

Alaska[edit]

Arizona[edit]

Arkansas[edit]

California[edit]

Colorado[edit]

Connecticut[edit]

Delaware[edit]

District of Columbia[edit]

Florida[edit]

Georgia[edit]

Hawaii[edit]

Idaho[edit]

Illinois[edit]

Indiana[edit]

Iowa[edit]

Kansas[edit]

Kentucky[edit]

Louisiana[edit]

Maine[edit]

Maryland[edit]

Massachusetts[edit]

Michigan[edit]

Minnesota[edit]

Mississippi[edit]

Missouri[edit]

Montana[edit]

Nebraska[edit]

New Hampshire[edit]

New Jersey[edit]

New Mexico[edit]

New York[edit]

North Carolina[edit]

Ohio[edit]

Oklahoma[edit]

Oregon[edit]

Pennsylvania[edit]

Rhode Island[edit]

South Carolina[edit]

Tennessee[edit]

Texas[edit]

Utah[edit]

Vermont[edit]

Virginia[edit]

Washington[edit]

Wisconsin[edit]

Wyoming[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Whitaker's Almanack 2008. A&C Black. 2008. ISBN 978-0-7136-8554-1. 
  2. ^ a b Yale Club of New York City - About the Club
  3. ^ a b Tom Daykin, "Brynwood joins Wisconsin Club: Private clubs will share name, facilities purchase is possible," Milwaukee Journal Sentinel (Oct. 20, 2009)
  4. ^ "The Birmingham Athletic Club, Birmingham's Premier Sports Venue of the Early 1900s," Jefferson County Historical Association Newsletter (July 2013)
  5. ^ Michael Tomberlin, "High-end club ordered to pay bank," Birmingham News (Nov. 18, 2009)
  6. ^ The Club (Birmingham) (official site)
  7. ^ Hannah Wolfson, "Conflict over changes continues at The Club," Birmingham News (Jan. 25, 2008)
  8. ^ Bham Wiki, "Phoenix Club" (retrieved Mar. 24, 2014)
  9. ^ T.H. Benners, Jr., "Birmingham's Southern Club," 19 Alabama Review 233-37 (July 1966)
  10. ^ Michael Brannon, "Bienville Club to close its doors," FOX10TV.com (May 28, 2013)
  11. ^ Kaija Wilkinson, "Mobile's International Trade Club closes after 40-plus years," Mobile Press-Register (Apr. 30, 2009)
  12. ^ University Club of the University of Alabama (official site)
  13. ^ "University Club," Tuscaloosaparanormal.com (retrieved June 19, 2013)
  14. ^ Petroleum Club of Anchorage (official site)
  15. ^ Dermot Cole, "North to the Future: The Alaska Story 1959-2009" (Epicenter: 2008)
  16. ^ a b Andrew Johnson, "Arizona Club may close its facilities at the top of Chase Tower", Arizona Republic (Aug. 25, 2009)
  17. ^ Lynn Ducey, "Arizona Club closing at Chase, seeking partnership," Phoenix Business Journal (Aug. 25, 2009)
  18. ^ University Club of Phoenix (official site)
  19. ^ University Club of Arizona State University (official site)
  20. ^ City of Tempe Historic Preservation, "Administration/Science Building (University Club)" (Retrieved June 19, 2013)
  21. ^ Mountain Oyster Club (official site)
  22. ^ Richard Ducote, "Downtown Institution Moves East," Arizona Daily Star (May 14, 2003)
  23. ^ Little Rock Club (official site)
  24. ^ David Margolick, "Elizabeth and Hazel: Two Women of Little Rock" (Yale: 2011)
  25. ^ Petroleum Club of Bakersfield (official site)
  26. ^ James Burger, "Bakersfield, Calif., Petroleum Club to Move Location," Bakersfield Californian (Aug. 14, 2002)
  27. ^ Berkeley Faculty Club (official site)
  28. ^ "NPS #82004641: Approved NRHP nomination of the Berkeley Faculty Club," Nps.gov (retrieved June 19, 2013)
  29. ^ Gabriel Dillard, "After 50 years, The Downtown Club in Fresno closes," Fresno Business Journal (Feb. 6, 2013)
  30. ^ Long Beach Petroleum Club (official site)
  31. ^ "Iconic Petroleum Club honored," Long Beach Press-Telegram (July 7, 2008)
  32. ^ Stephen Ceasar, "Members-only Regency Club to close after 30 years," Los Angeles Times (Feb. 25, 2011)
  33. ^ E.S. Bates, "What's Inside Counts," Los Angeles Times (Aug. 24, 1992)
  34. ^ USC University Club (official site)
  35. ^ "University Club's grand opening marks a new era," California Department of Education (Oct. 11, 2012)
  36. ^ Pacheco Club (official site)
  37. ^ Christine Delsol, "Citrus tints fall colors in Fresno County," San Francisco Chronicle (Nov. 26, 2006)
  38. ^ Pacific Club (official site)
  39. ^ Andrew Edwards, "Pacific Club Torn Down," Daily Pilot (Jan. 04, 2006)
  40. ^ Belleveue Club (official site)
  41. ^ "Bellevue Club marks 80 years," Alameda Times-Star (Feb. 26, 2009)
  42. ^ Debra Levi Holtz, "Oakland City Club Going, Going ... Closure, Auction Attest to Changing Society," San Francisco Chronicle (Aug. 24, 2000)
  43. ^ Stanford Faculty Club (official site)
  44. ^ Nancy Rue, "Pascal's Wager" (Random House: 2011)
  45. ^ University Club of Palo Alto (official site)
  46. ^ John Reid, "Maddy," Palo Alto Daily News (May 20, 2011)
  47. ^ Janette Williams, "The end of an era," Pasadena Star-News (Mar. 9, 2007)
  48. ^ University Club of Pasadena (official site)
  49. ^ Jesse Katz, "Move to Admit Women Splits Claremont Club: Time Poaches on a Male Preserve," Los Angeles Times (Mar. 15, 1987)
  50. ^ Sutter Club (official site)
  51. ^ Allen Pierleoni, "Counter Culture: The exclusive Sutter Club," Sacramento Bee (Sept. 7, 2012)
  52. ^ Faculty Club (San Diego) (official site)
  53. ^ "Faculty Club Celebrates Staff with April Membership Promotion," States News Service (Mar. 27, 2012)
  54. ^ University Club of San Diego (official site)
  55. ^ Roger Showley, "University Club: The ultimate in networking central," San Diego Union-Tribune (Feb. 23, 2011)
  56. ^ Cercle de l'Union (official site)
  57. ^ Lawrence Kinnaird, "History of the Greater San Francisco Bay Region" (Lewis Historical Publishing: 1966)
  58. ^ City Club of San Francisco (official site)
  59. ^ Rebecca Cook, "Posh City Clubs Loosen Their Ties to Stay Alive," Los Angeles Times (July 28, 2002)
  60. ^ Concordia-Argonaut Club (official site)
  61. ^ "S.F.'s Concordia Argonaut Club Board Urges Admitting Women," Los Angeles Times (June 17, 1987)
  62. ^ Villa Taverna (official site)
  63. ^ Catherine Bigelow, "Villa Taverna club celebrates 50 years," San Francisco Chronicle (Sept. 13, 2009)
  64. ^ a b c Dave O'Brian, "View from the Top: A Pricey, Private Club Aims to Make San Jose Silicon Valley's Capital," San Jose Mercury News (Nov. 12, 1990)
  65. ^ Buena Vista Neighborhood Association, "San Jose: Then and Now", retrieved 08-17-2011
  66. ^ Silicon Valley Athletic Club (official site)
  67. ^ Sal Pizarro, "'Man Jose' No More: Events Target Women" (July 29, 2012)
  68. ^ Faculty Club (Santa Barbara)
  69. ^ "The wild, wondrous imagination of Charles W. Moore," Smithsonian (June 1, 1984)
  70. ^ Santa Barbara Club (official site)
  71. ^ "Santa Barbara Club," Santa Barbara Independent (retrieved July 1, 2013)
  72. ^ a b Elena Gray-Blanc, "Private, But Not Exclusive," Santa Barbara Independent (Apr. 12, 2008) (retrieved July 1, 2013)
  73. ^ University Club of Santa Barbara (official site)
  74. ^ Michael Fitzgerald, "Elegant Stockton men's club recalls another era," San Joaquin Record (June 23, 2010)
  75. ^ Leigh Johnsen, "The Yosemite Club Closes Its Doors," sanjoaquinhistory.org (Jan. 19, 2011) (retrieved July 1, 2013)
  76. ^ El Paso Club (official site)
  77. ^ Dave Philipps, "El Paso Club votes to deny women entry," Colorado Springs Gazette (July 11, 2011)
  78. ^ The Cactus Club, "100, the Cactus Club Centennial, 1911-2011" (Club Press 2011) men only; serving lunch daily
  79. ^ Denver Athletic Club (official site)
  80. ^ Henry Dubroff, "Prestigious Denver Club to Close," Denver Post (Mar. 14, 1995)
  81. ^ Denver Petroleum Club (official site)
  82. ^ Howard Pankratz, "Petroleum Club eager to build on history," Denver Post (Sept. 10, 2007)
  83. ^ Denver Press Club (official site)
  84. ^ "The Denver Press Club," The Denver History Minute (Aug. 26, 2013)
  85. ^ University Club of Denver (official site)
  86. ^ Gary Massaro, "University Club Opens to Women," Denver Rocky Mountain News (Dec. 21, 1990)
  87. ^ Field Club of Greenwich (official site)
  88. ^ Roger Bullard, "A Century at the Field Club of Greenwich: 1908-2008" (Capital Offset: 2008)
  89. ^ a b Graduate Club (official site)
  90. ^ "Two venerable New Haven social clubs merging," Hartford Business Journal (Sept. 19, 2012)
  91. ^ a b Paul Bass, "Q, Grad Clubs Merging; A New Power Lunch Era," New Haven Independent (Sept. 19, 2012)
  92. ^ New Haven Lawn Club (official site)
  93. ^ Quinnipiack Club (official site)
  94. ^ Thames Club (official site)
  95. ^ Kathleen Edgecomb, "Thames Club carries on in style," Associated Press (Feb. 1, 2009)
  96. ^ Ann Marie Somma, "Hartford Club Reinventing Itself," Hartford Business Journal (May 29, 2012)
  97. ^ a b c Bob Yearick, "Welcome to the Club," Delaware Today (Dec. 14, 2010)
  98. ^ University and Whist Club (official site)
  99. ^ Army and Navy Club (DC) (official site)
  100. ^ City Tavern Club (Washington, D.C.) (official site)
  101. ^ The George Town Club (official site)
  102. ^ Alix Pianin, "George Town Club Leaders Recruit Young Professionals," Georgetown Current (Feb. 20, 2013)
  103. ^ Glover, Charles C., III (1962) "A Brief History of the Metropolitan Club" Records of the Columbia Historical Society of Washington, D.C. vols 60-62 pp. 266–277
  104. ^ "The University Club," DCConfidential.com (Mar. 7, 2008) (retrieved July 2, 2013)
  105. ^ University Club of Washington, D.C. (official site)
  106. ^ Carla Hall, "One for The Women: University Club Amends Membership Bylaws," Washington Post (June 21, 1984)
  107. ^ River Club (Jacksonville) (official site
  108. ^ Christopher Calnan, "River Club project in Jacksonville, Fla., to double initial cost," Florida Times-Union (Oct. 7, 2004)
  109. ^ Bankers Club (Miami) (official site)
  110. ^ Ted Reed, "Bankers Club the First to Let Everybody In," Miami Herald (Apr. 16, 1990)
  111. ^ a b c d e Yudislaidy Fernandez, "Downtown Miami social clubs making adjustments in tough economy," MiamiTodayNews.com (Aug. 6, 2009)
  112. ^ Ted Reed, "Elegant Brickell Club Shuts Down," Miami Herald (June 17, 1995)
  113. ^ Oscar Pedro Musibay, "Miami City Club shutters," South Florida Business Journal (Jan. 21, 2011)
  114. ^ Ted Reed, "University Club: The One with No Women Members," Miami Herald (Apr. 16, 1990)
  115. ^ Laura Layden, "Church buys Collier Athletic Club," Naplesnews.com (Nov. 18, 2010)
  116. ^ University Club of Orlando (official site)
  117. ^ Beth Kassab, "University Club tweaks its image," Orlando Sentinel (Nov. 16, 2009)
  118. ^ "North Palm's private City Club quietly closes," Palm Beach Post (Jan. 29, 2010)
  119. ^ Kevin McQuaid, "Sarasota's University Club closes its doors," Sarasota Herald-Tribune (June 22, 2009)
  120. ^ Surf Club (official site)
  121. ^ Andres Viglucci, "Renovation of Surf Club, where Winston Churchill painted, goes to Surfside Commission Monday," Miami Herald (Oct. 14, 2012)
  122. ^ Governor's Club (official site)
  123. ^ "Take a peek inside the mysterious Governor's Club," Tallahassee Democrat (July 6, 2010)
  124. ^ Brady Dennis, "Lords of the krewe; a family tradition," St. Petersburg Times (Feb. 7, 2004)
  125. ^ Tampa Club (official site)
  126. ^ Amy Scherzer, "Tampa Club gets new look," St Petersburg Times (Nov. 17, 2006)
  127. ^ University Club of Tampa (official site)
  128. ^ Susan H. Thompson, "University Club's Glass Ceiling is Gone," Tampa Tribune (May 5, 2000)
  129. ^ Cherokee Town and Country Club (official site)
  130. ^ "Atlanta's Most Prestigious Private Clubs," Atlanta Journal-Constitution (Apr. 23, 1989)
  131. ^ Georgian Club (official site)
  132. ^ Jeff Levick, "Rhoden develops city's first suburban club," Atlanta Business Chronicle (June 17, 1991)
  133. ^ Peachtree Club (official site)
  134. ^ Pamela Howell, "Peachtree Club opens in midtown community," Atlanta Journal-Constitution (Apr. 6, 1989)
  135. ^ Pinnacle Club (official site)
  136. ^ Damon Cline, "Pinnacle Club sees resurgence as it turns 35," Augusta Chronicle (Aug. 4, 2002)
  137. ^ Skippy Davis, "Coming of age: City Club of Macon has come a long way since it opened 9 years ago," Macon Telegraph (May 7, 2001)
  138. ^ Linda S. Morris, "City Club of Macon closes," Macon Telegraph (June 12, 2008)
  139. ^ Chatham Club (official site)
  140. ^ Phinizy Spalding, Harvey H. Jackson, "Oglethorpe in Perspective: Georgia's Founder After Two Hundred Years" (University of Alabama: 2006)
  141. ^ Oglethorpe Club (official site)
  142. ^ Visit Historic Savannah, "Historic Oglethorpe Club," retrieved 08-17-2011
  143. ^ "Becoming Southern: the Jews of Savannah, Georgia, 1830-70," American Jewish History (Dec. 30, 2008)
  144. ^ a b c C. S. Papacostas, "Ha'Alelea Lawn's Fate" ASCE-Hawaii (May 2013)
  145. ^ Pacific Club (official site)
  146. ^ Arid Club (official site)
  147. ^ "A new classic: Inside the transformation of Boise's historic Arid Club," Idaho Statesman (Feb. 5, 2009)
  148. ^ Shia Kapos, "Taking Names: Casino Club names Sarah Potter as new executive director" Crain's Chicago Business (Dec. 14, 2009)
  149. ^ Katie Parsons, "Rundown Chicago Athletic Association Building To Be Hotel," Chicago Chamber of Commerce (July 23, 2012)
  150. ^ Cliff Dwellers (official site)
  151. ^ Bilow, Irving C. and Barnard, Harry (1969) The Standard Club's First Hundred Years 1869-1969 Standard Club of Chicago, Chicago, OCLC 2653953
  152. ^ Holton, Lisa (2008) "For Members Only: A History and Guide to Chicago's Oldest Private Clubs" Lake Claremont Press, Chicago, ISBN 978-1-893121-28-7
  153. ^ Decatur Club (official site)
  154. ^ Dayle Cochran Irwin, "The Decatur Club 1883-2003" (Club Press: 2003)
  155. ^ Dupage Club (official site)
  156. ^ "The DuPage Club," West Suburban Living Magazine (2013) (retrieved July 2, 2013)
  157. ^ Creve Coeur Club (official site)
  158. ^ "Holling Makes History," Peoria Journal Star (July 9, 2002)
  159. ^ University Club of Rockford (official site)
  160. ^ Paul Anthony Arco, "University Club: A 'Hidden Gem' Celebrates 100 Years," Northwest Quarterly (Fall 2011) (retrieved July 2, 2013)
  161. ^ Sangamo Club (official site)
  162. ^ Julie Cellini, "Changing times at the Sangamo Club: The formerly male-only group names its first female president," Springfield State Journal-Register (July 9, 2000)
  163. ^ Michigan Shores Club (official site)
  164. ^ Kerrie Kennedy, "Your Club or Mine?" Sheridan Road Magazine (Vol. 5, Issue 3) (retrieved July 2, 2013)
  165. ^ University Club of Indiana University (official site)
  166. ^ Bill Medley, "Petroleum Club was once the place to be in Evansville," Indiana Economic Digest (Mar. 16, 2006)
  167. ^ Columbia Club (Indianapolis) (official site)
  168. ^ Tom Murphy, "Winona, IAC close," Indianapolis Business Journal (Dec. 27, 2004)
  169. ^ Robert W. Greenleaf, "The University Club of Indianapolis: Its Origin, History and Lore" (University Club of Indianapolis: 1963)
  170. ^ "South Bend Summit Club suspending operations indefinitely," WNDU News (May 29, 2012)
  171. ^ Bill Wundram, "Davenport Club returns — sort of," Quad City Times (Dec. 03, 2009)
  172. ^ Outing Club (official site)
  173. ^ a b c J. Boeckman, "Embassy Club readies friendly new home in WDM," Des Moines Register (Aug. 30, 2010)
  174. ^ Des Moines Embassy Club (official site)
  175. ^ University Club of Iowa City
  176. ^ Katie Sims, "Local club embraces area newbies," Daily Iowan (July 17, 2009) (retrieved July 2, 2013)
  177. ^ Hutchinson Town Club (official site)
  178. ^ "New manager looks to enhance Town Club," Hutchinson News (June 13, 2012)
  179. ^ Top of the Tower Club (official site)
  180. ^ "Top of the Tower Turns 40," Topeka Capitol-Journal (Oct. 23, 2008)
  181. ^ Dennis Pearce, "Petroleum Club strikes milestone: Tony Downtown club has conquered bad financial times and plans to recruit 1,000 members in its 50th year," Wichita Eagle (Apr. 23, 1999)
  182. ^ Molly McMillin, "Two Business Clubs Agree to Join Forces," Wichita Eagle (Nov. 23, 1996)
  183. ^ Metropolitan Club (Covington, KY) (official site)
  184. ^ Elaine Dillhunt, "Metropolitan Club Opening," Cincinnati Post (Nov. 12, 1991)
  185. ^ Club at Spindletop Hall (official site)
  186. ^ Joyce Rosencrans, "Spindletop Hall: Texas Oil Money Builty 'Modern Mansion' in the Bluegrass," Cincinnati Post (Dec. 16, 2006)
  187. ^ Milward, Burton (1985) Lexington Club, 1860-1985 The Lexington Club, Lexington, Kentucky, OCLC 46841717
  188. ^ Blackford, Linda B. (4 July 2002) "Former University of Kentucky President Resigns from All-White Dining Club" Lexington Herald-Leader
  189. ^ Blackford, Linda B. (21 Feb. 2006) "Louisville, Ky., club accepts first black member" Lexington Herald-Leader
  190. ^ Lexington Club (official site)
  191. ^ University Club of Louisville (official site)
  192. ^ Rick Redding, "Membership at University Club Louisville Has Its Privileges," HelloLouisville.com (Feb. 27, 2012)
  193. ^ Campbell Club (official site)
  194. ^ Keith Lawrence, "Campbell Club's building to be sold," Owensboro Messenger-Inquirer (Feb. 13, 2013)
  195. ^ Camelot Club (official site)
  196. ^ "The Camelot Club: Windows on the Capital City: Camelot Club turns 40," Greater Baton Rouge Business Report (Apr. 10, 2007)
  197. ^ City Club (Baton Rouge) (official site)
  198. ^ Jonathan Fricker, Louisiana State Architectural Historian, "Historical and Descriptive Data: Old Post Office, Baton Rouge," Library of Congress (Summer 1978)
  199. ^ Petroleum Club of Lafayette (official site)
  200. ^ "A Special Place to the City," Lafayette Daily Advertiser (Apr. 19, 2013)
  201. ^ Pioneer Club (official site)
  202. ^ Donald J. Millet, Lake Charles Centennial Celebration: 1867-1967 (McNeese State Press: 1967)
  203. ^ "Lotus Club chef Lonnie Blount dead at 66," Monroe News-Star (Aug. 6, 2010)
  204. ^ "Encyclopedia of Associations: Regional, state, and local organizations," p. 200 (2012)
  205. ^ a b John Kendall, Chapter 43, The History of New Orleans (1922)
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  207. ^ "What is the history of the Harmony Club?," Bestofnola.com Sept. 3, 2002)
  208. ^ David Smason, Grant Whittaker, "Harmony Club," Medianola.com (Apr. 27, 2012) (retrieved June 28, 2013)
  209. ^ "The Krewes and Parades of Mardi Gras," retrieved 08-17-2011
  210. ^ Mary Lou Atkinson, "Social Scene: Bienville Club and Bachelors' Club," nola.com (Aug. 4, 2008)
  211. ^ New Orleans Athletic Club (official site)
  212. ^ "New Orleans Athletic Club Votes 109-33 to Admit Blacks," New York Times (Nov. 4, 1986)
  213. ^ Medianola (Tulane University), "The Pickwick Club", retrieved 08-17-2011
  214. ^ Mary Lou Widmer, New Orleans in the Twenties p. 193 (1993)
  215. ^ a b c "University Club closes," Shreveport Times (Feb. 20, 2011)
  216. ^ Petroleum Club of Shreveport (official site)
  217. ^ "Petroleum Club of Shreveport Opens," Independent Petroleum Association of America Monthly, Vol.21-22, p. 34 (1950)
  218. ^ Shreveport Club (official site)
  219. ^ http://archive.bangordailynews.com/2004/07/21/couple-to-make-former-tarratine-club-their-home/
  220. ^ Tarratine Club of Bangor.jpg
  221. ^ Cumberland Club (official site)
  222. ^ a b c Ray Routhier, "Just the Guys," Maine Sunday Telegram (Nov. 14, 2004)
  223. ^ Woodfords Club (official site)
  224. ^ Center Club (official site)
  225. ^ Barbara Grzincic, "Center Club celebrates 50th anniversary in Baltimore," Baltimore Daily Record (May 8, 2013)
  226. ^ Engineers Club (Baltimore) (official site)
  227. ^ Edward Gunts, "A makeover for Garrett-Jacobs," Baltimore Sun (Feb. 14, 2005)
  228. ^ Maryland Club (official site)
  229. ^ Government of Maryland, "Maryland Historical Chronology", retrieved 08-17-2011
  230. ^ University of Massachusetts University Club (official site)
  231. ^ "Stockbridge House," University of Massachusetts Library (retrieved July 9, 2013)
  232. ^ Lanam Club (official site)
  233. ^ Boston College Club (official website)
  234. ^ Peter Schworm and Matt Viser, "Membership has its privileges: University clubs deliver exclusive views, ambiance for movers and shakers," Boston Globe (Nov. 4, 2007)
  235. ^ St. Botolph Club (official site)
  236. ^ Peggy Hernandez, "St. Botolph Not Stuffy, Says Member," Boston Globe (June 21, 1988)
  237. ^ University Club of Boston (official site)
  238. ^ Edwin Monroe Bacon, The Book of Boston: Fifty Years' Recollections of the New England Metropolis (1916)
  239. ^ Harvard Faculty Club (official site)
  240. ^ Peter J. Howe, "Harvard Hires Outside Firm to Run Faculty Club," Boston Globe (Aug. 17, 1985)
  241. ^ Fay Club (official site)
  242. ^ Lenox Club (official site)
  243. ^ Kevin Alexander, "No rest for the wicket The weird, wonderful -- and absolutely cutthroat -- world of competitive croquet," Boston Globe (July 10, 2011)
  244. ^ Old Colony Club (official site)
  245. ^ Emily Sweeney, "Joining the club: Rituals, oddities, and superlatives define these groups," Boston Globe (July 5, 2007)
  246. ^ Neighborhood Club (official site)
  247. ^ "Club donates $5,600 to Father Bill's," Quincy Patriot Ledger (Mar. 25, 2010)
  248. ^ Colony Club (Springfield, MA) (official site)
  249. ^ G. Michael Dobbs, Springfield (Arcadia: 2008)
  250. ^ Worcester Club (official site)
  251. ^ Miscowaubik Club (official site)
  252. ^ Detroit Racquet Club (official site)
  253. ^ Mark Coir, History of the Detroit Racquet Club: 1902-1982 (1982)
  254. ^ Peninsular Club to close doors after 126 years
  255. ^ a b University Club of Grand Rapids (official site)
  256. ^ Rob Kirkbride, "Booze shift could open private club," Grand Rapids Press (Dec. 12, 2002)
  257. ^ Chippewa Club (official site)
  258. ^ Nikki Younk, "Little Willie Dickinson haunting the Chippewa?," Iron Mountain Daily News (Oct. 31, 2008)
  259. ^ Beacon Club (Kalamazoo) (official site)
  260. ^ Angel Wilson, "I've Got a Gal in Kalamazoo," Adventures of a Single Belle (Oct. 22, 2012)
  261. ^ Park Club of Kalamazoo (official site)
  262. ^ Emily Monacelli, "Park Club offers women a salon, spa event to promote membership," Kalamazoo Gazette (Jan. 21, 2008)
  263. ^ University Club of Michigan State University (official site)
  264. ^ Karl T. Wright, The First 50 Years, A History of the University Club of Michigan State University: 1929-1979 (Lansing: 1982)
  265. ^ Saginaw Club (1981) Saginaw Club, Founded May 1889: The Story of Your Club and the Men Who Made it a Saginaw Tradition for Nearly a Century The Saginaw Club, Saginaw, Michigan, OCLC 41333535
  266. ^ Jim Adams, "Decathlon Club closed by fire: no one injured, blaze causes more than $1.2 million in damage," Minneapolis Star Tribune (Dec. 7, 2000)
  267. ^ Andrew Tellijohn, "Fire-damaged club needs member help," Minneapolis St. Paul Business Journal (Apr. 28, 2002)
  268. ^ Kitchi Gammi Club (official site)
  269. ^ Lawrence J. Sommer, "Duluth's Kitchi Gammi Club: the first century, 1883-1983," Lake Superior Port Cities (Vol. 5, issue 2 (fall 1983))
  270. ^ Campus Club (official site)
  271. ^ Mary Jane Smetanka, "'U' Campus Club enters a new age," Minneapolis Star Tribune (July 21, 2003)
  272. ^ Melissa Levy, "Minneapolis Athletic Club to name buyer Monday," Minneapolis Star Tribune (Mar. 14, 1998)
  273. ^ Ronald D. Clark, "Meet Us At the Club," St. Paul Pioneer Press (Nov. 30, 2000)
  274. ^ Maria Douglas Reeve, "Judge OKs Plan to Sell Downtown Athletic Club Building," St. Paul Pioneer Press (Dec. 28, 1994)
  275. ^ University Club of St. Paul (official site)
  276. ^ Allen Short, "Some private, pricey clubs find their financial shapes sagging," Minneapolis Star Tribune (Nov. 12, 1995)
  277. ^ Great Southern Club (official site)
  278. ^ Joey Bunch, "Great Southern Going International," Biloxi Sun Herald (Sept. 9, 2001)
  279. ^ Capital Club (Jackson, MS) (official site)
  280. ^ Cathy Wood, "Jackson, Mississippi," Coffee with Cathy (May 18, 2010)
  281. ^ Saint Louis Club (official site)
  282. ^ "Saint Louis Club Ranks 11th In Nation," St. Louis Commerce Magazine (Sept. 2003)
  283. ^ Matt Allen, "University Club closes amid declining membership," St. Louis Business Journal (May 2, 2007)
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  309. ^ Jan Falstad, "Private Petroleum Club takes on updated image," Billings Gazette (Dec. 16, 2002)
  310. ^ Leslie McCartney, "Developer Buys Butte, Mont., Club to Create Celtic-Irish Historical Center," Montana Standard (Nov. 2, 2003)
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  313. ^ The Miles City Club, 1884 - 1984: Montana's Oldest Social Club (1984)
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  318. ^ One Hundred Club (official site)
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  320. ^ Susan Nolan, "Privacy proves to be secret to success of men's Warwick Club," Portsmouth Seacoast (Jan. 12, 2004)
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  335. ^ "Petroleum Club runs dry after half century," New Mexico Business Weekly (Feb. 19, 2007)
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  344. ^ Buffalo Club (official site)
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  346. ^ Saturn Club (Buffalo, NY) (official site)
  347. ^ "Ten Apartments Planned at Delaware/Allen Location," Buffalo Rising (Mar. 24, 2011)
  348. ^ Elmira City Club (official site)
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  352. ^ Coffee House Club (official site)
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  354. ^ Chemists Club (official site)
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  359. ^ Playing the Top 100 Golf Courses in The World, "The Links Club", retrieved 08-21-2011
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  362. ^ Genessee Valley Club (official site)
  363. ^ Walter C. Strakosh, Howard C. Hosmer, A century of sociability : the Genesee Valley Club (1885-1985) (1985)
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  365. ^ "The Inn on Broadway: History" (retrieved July 16, 2013)
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  367. ^ Bill Buell, Historic Schenectady County: A Bicentennial History (Schenectady County Historical Society: 2009)
  368. ^ Century Club of Syracuse (official site)
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  373. ^ Harry Greyard, "Athletic Club Members Vote to Join Tower Club," Charlotte Observer (Dec. 17, 1991)
  374. ^ Charlotte City Club (official site)
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  376. ^ Kerry Hall, "Tower Club to Close Downtown Facility: No Longer Viable in Changing Market," Charlotte Observer (Oct. 30, 2004)
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  426. ^ "Town Club's Decision to Close Was Driven By Financial Projections," Eugene Register-Guard (Nov. 26, 2007)
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  429. ^ "Historic Bethlehem Club Closed," Associated Press (July 27, 2007)
  430. ^ Catasauqua Club (official site)
  431. ^ Pomfret Club (official site)
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  433. ^ Erie Club (official site)
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  439. ^ Engineers Club of Philadelphia (official site)
  440. ^ Franklin Inn Club (official site)
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  443. ^ Mask and Wig Club (official site)
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  446. ^ Rittenhouse Club (official site)
  447. ^ University Club at Penn (official site)
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  450. ^ Michael Kline, "The Vesper Club is Homeless," Philadelphia Inquirer (Jan. 2, 2013)
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  452. ^ Bill Schackner, "Remodeled University Club Set to Reopen," Pittsburgh Post-Gazette (Mar. 30, 2009)
  453. ^ Schuylkill County (PA) Government, "Timeline of Schuylkill County (retrieved May 30, 2013)
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  464. ^ Donna Kenny Kirwan, "Historians make TK new home," Pawtucket Times (Feb. 16, 2011)
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  472. ^ "City approves resolution to purchase 3 acres from Green Boundary," Aiken Standard (July 9, 2013)
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  484. ^ Mountain City Club (official site)
  485. ^ John Shearer, The Mountain City Club - A History (Chattanooga: 1998)
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  490. ^ "Crescent Club acquires Summit Club membership," Memphis Business Journal (Oct. 27, 2003)
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  492. ^ Lela Garlington, "Jury Awards Damages in Tip Suit: University Club Must Pay $500,000," Memphis Commercial Appeal (Oct. 8, 1996)
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  494. ^ "Views, vibe put Nashville City Club high above the rest," Nashville Tennesseean (Aug. 26, 2011)
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  497. ^ Bill Whitaker, "Petroleum Club’s heyday just a memory now," Abilene Reporter-News (Jan. 10, 2000)
  498. ^ Amarillo Club (official site)
  499. ^ Jim McBride, "Rise to the top: Amarillo Club goes from cellar to top of city skyline," Amarillo Globe-News (Nov. 22, 2007)
  500. ^ Austin Club (official site)
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  502. ^ Joshua Winata, "U. Texas Campus Club to relocate," Daily Texan (Nov. 1, 2006)
  503. ^ Beaumont Club (official site)
  504. ^ Heather Nolan, "New management hopes to grow The Beaumont Club," Beaumont Enterprise (Dec. 15, 2007)
  505. ^ Corpus Christi Town Club (official site)
  506. ^ "Corpus Christi Town Club tosses a big, fun party," Corpus Christi Caller-Times (Dec. 27, 2009)
  507. ^ City Club (Dallas) (official site)
  508. ^ Candace Carlisle, "Prime Dallas skyscraper vistas are worth every penny," Dallas Business Journal (July 27, 2012)
  509. ^ Dallas Petroleum Club (official site)
  510. ^ Diana Elizabeth Kendall, Members Only: Elite Clubs and the Process of Exclusion (Rowman & Littlefield: 2008)
  511. ^ Faculty Club of Southern Methodist University (official site)
  512. ^ "Renovated Facility Serves Faculty and Alumni," SMU Magazine (Aug. 7, 2007)
  513. ^ Park City Club (Dallas) (official site)
  514. ^ Steve Brown, "Partnership buys tower in North Dallas," Dallas Morning News (Apr. 13, 2006)
  515. ^ "In the Know: Keeping up with Bush," Dallas Morning News (Apr. 6, 2009)
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  517. ^ "A new vista for El Paso Club," El Paso Inc. (Nov. 21, 2010)
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  523. ^ Mimi Swarz, "The gospel according to Matthew," Texas Monthly (Vol. 36, Issue 2: Feb. 1, 2008)
  524. ^ Petroleum Club of Houston (official site)
  525. ^ Bruce Nichols, "Petroleum Club back in the swing: City's economy brings new life, members to downtown destination," Dallas Morning News (Apr. 24, 2006)
  526. ^ Summit Club (Longview, TX) (official site)
  527. ^ Mike Elswick, "Summit Club opening set for early 2013," Longview News-Journal (Aug. 19, 2012)
  528. ^ Walt Nett, "Members vote to disband Lubbock Club, liquidate assets," Lubbock Avalanche-Journal (Aug. 10, 2010)
  529. ^ Petroleum Club of Midland (official site)
  530. ^ Peter H. King, "No love for Obama in the oil fields," Los Angeles Times (Dec. 22, 2008)
  531. ^ Argyle Club (official site)
  532. ^ a b c d e Robert Wynne, "Membership in city's exclusive clubs has its price as well as its privileges," San Antonio Light (July 8, 1990)
  533. ^ Club Giraud (official site)
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  535. ^ David Hendricks, "Big changes coming next year for historic buildings downtown," San Antonio Express-News (July 6, 2005)
  536. ^ Edmund Tijerina, "A new private club is coming to the Majestic Building -- again," San Antonio Express-News (July 15, 2007)
  537. ^ Judith McGinnis, "Changes in business end Wichita Club," Wichita Falls TimesRecordNews (June 20, 2010)
  538. ^ David Clifton, "California Group Buys University Club Building in Salt Lake City," Salt Lake Tribune (July 18, 1995)
  539. ^ Mike Donoghue, "Ethan Allen Club to see the end of an era," Burlington Free Press (Nov. 27, 2010)
  540. ^ Colonnade Club (official site)
  541. ^ Arthur Kyle Davis, The Colonnade Club of the University of Virginia: 75th Anniversary, 1907-1982 (University of Virginia: 1982)
  542. ^ Carolyn Shapiro, "Longtime downtown Norfolk business club closes," Virginian-Pilot (Feb. 28, 2007)
  543. ^ Virginia Club (official website)
  544. ^ Tony Wharton, "Gentlemen's Club: After 57 Years, The Virginia Club is Being Forced to Leave Selden Arcade, but its New Home in the Old Southern Bank is a Nice Fit," Virginia Pilot and Ledger-Star (Jan. 25, 1997)
  545. ^ 2300 Club (official site)
  546. ^ a b Alissa M. Poole, "The Club Scene: Downtown is a hub of member-based gathering," Richmond Magazine (Oct. 2007)
  547. ^ Bull and Bear Club (official site)
  548. ^ Aaron Kremer, "Priceless memories linger," Richmond Times-Dispatch (June 25, 2006)
  549. ^ Town Center City Club (official site)
  550. ^ Matthew Jones, "Board Crafts City Club for a New Downtown," Virginian Pilot (June 21, 2003)
  551. ^ Irene Bowers, "Elegance, Luxury, Manners Matter with Club," Virginia Beach Beacon (Mar. 14, 2013)
  552. ^ Fauquier Club of Warrenton, Va, Officers, incorporators, charter, constitution, by-laws, and members (Williams & Wilkins Co.: 1906)
  553. ^ Marvine Howe, "Virginia's Foothills, The Tranquil Piedmont," New York Times (May 12, 1991)
  554. ^ "National Register of Historic Places: Warrenton Historic District," Virginia Dept. of Historic Resources (Oct. 13, 1983)
  555. ^ a b Harbor Club (official site)
  556. ^ a b Keith Ervin, "Harbor Club is Booming: Private Facility Drawing Younger, Less Traditional Eastside Business Clientele," Seattle Times (Nov. 6, 1997)
  557. ^ Bellevue Club (official website)
  558. ^ Julie Schaeffer, "When Fitness and Hospitality Combine," New American Luxury (Dec. 2012)
  559. ^ College Club of Seattle (official website)
  560. ^ a b c Sherry Grindeland, "Seattle's Exclusive Clubs Try to Boost Waning Memberships," Seattle Times (Mar. 26, 2002)
  561. ^ Celeste Louise Smith and Julie D. Pheasant-Albright, Private Clubs of Seattle, p. 7, Arcadia (Images of America series), 2009. ISBN 978-0-7385-7072-3.
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  563. ^ Peter Kelley, "The UW Club, past, present and future," University of Washington Magazine (Oct. 7, 2010)
  564. ^ Spokane Athletic Club (official site)
  565. ^ Mike McLean, "Spokane Club at crossroads," Spokane Journal of Business (May 9, 2013)
  566. ^ Tom Sowa, "Spokane Club working to stem tide of defections and reinvent itself," Spokane Spokesman-Review (July 4, 2010)
  567. ^ La Crosse Club (official site)
  568. ^ Susan T. Hessel, Leisure with Dignity: A History of the La Crosse Club (La Crosse: 1997)
  569. ^ Madison Club (official site)
  570. ^ Doug Moe, "Book Marks Madison Club Milestone," Wisconsin State Journal (Mar. 25, 2009)
  571. ^ University Club of the University of Wisconsin (official site)
  572. ^ Phil Haslanger, "Gathering Place," Madison Capital Times (Nov. 22, 1997)
  573. ^ Milwaukee Club (official site)
  574. ^ H. Russell Zimmerman, The Milwaukee Club: Centennial, 1882-1982 (Milwaukee: 1982)
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  576. ^ Nick Halter, "Wisconsin Club spruces up: $2.2 million renovation will help it compete in option-filled market," Milwaukee Journal Sentinel (June 20, 2008)
  577. ^ Casper Petroleum Club (official site)
  578. ^ Jesse McKinley, "An Oil City Fears for Its Future," New York Times (June 4, 2010)