List of American Civil War battles

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The Battles of the American Civil War were fought between April 12, 1861 and May 12–13, 1865 in 23 states (Alabama, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Maryland, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, and West Virginia[A]) and the District of Columbia, as well as the following territories (Arizona Territory[B], Colorado Territory, Dakota Territory, Indian Territory, New Mexico Territory, and Washington Territory) and naval engagements.

For lists of battles organized by campaign and theater, see:

Some battles have more than one name; e.g., the battles known in the North as Battle of Antietam and Second Battle of Bull Run were referred to as the battles of Sharpsburg and Manassas by the South. This was because the North tended to name battles after any landmarks, whereas the South named battles after nearby towns. See Naming the American Civil War#Naming the battles and armies for more details.

Battles of the American Civil War by Theater and Year

Battles rated by CWSAC[edit]

The American Battlefield Protection Program (ABPP) was established within the United States National Park Service to classify the preservation status of historic battlefield land. In 1993, the Civil War Sites Advisory Commission (CWSAC) reported to Congress and the ABPP on their extensive analysis of significant battles and battlefields. Of the estimated 8,000 occasions in which hostilities occurred in the American Civil War, this table and related articles describe the 384 battles that were classified in CWSAC's Report on the Nation's Civil War Battlefields. In addition to the status of battlefield land preservation (not included in this table) CWSAC rated the military significance of the battles into four classes, as follows:[1]

Class A – Decisive: A general engagement involving field armies in which a commander achieved a vital strategic objective. Such a result might include an indisputable victory on the field or be limited to the success or termination of a campaign offensive. Decisive battles had a direct, observable impact on the direction, duration, conduct, or outcome of the war.
Class B – Major: An engagement of magnitude involving field armies or divisions of the armies in which a commander achieved an important strategic objective within the context of an ongoing campaign offensive. Major battles had a direct, observable impact on the direction, duration, conduct, or outcome of the campaign.
Class C – Formative: An engagement involving divisions or detachments of the field armies in which a commander accomplished a limited campaign objective of reconnaissance, disruption, defense, or occupation. Formative battles had an observable influence on the direction, duration, or conduct of the campaign.
Class D – Limited: An engagement, typically involving detachments of the field armies, in which a commander achieved a limited tactical objective of reconnaissance, defense, or occupation. Limited battles maintained contact between the combatants without observable influence on the direction of the campaign.
BattleDateStateCWSACOutcome
Battle of Fort SumterApril 12, 1861April 12–14, 1861South Carolina
A
Confederate victory: Beauregard takes Charleston Federal fort, first battle of American Civil War.
Battle of Sewell's PointMay 18, 1861May 18–19, 1861Virginia
D
Inconclusive: Union gunboats fight inconclusive battle with Confederate artillery.
Battle of Aquia CreekMay 29, 1861May 29 – June 1, 1861Virginia
D
Inconclusive: Confederate artillery hit by naval bombardment, later withdrawn.
Battle of Philippi (West Virginia)June 3, 1861West Virginia
(Virginia
at the time)[A]
D
Union victory: Union forces rout a small Confederate detachment in Western Virginia.
Battle of Big BethelJune 10, 1861Virginia
C
Confederate victory: Union attack on Confederate positions near a church repelled.
Battle of Boonville (Missouri)June 17, 1861Missouri
C
Union victory: Union forces defeat pro-Confederate governor's Missouri State Guard.
Battle of Hoke's RunJuly 2, 1861West Virginia
(Virginia
at the time)[A]
D
Union victory: Robert Patterson defeats Jackson's Confederates but fails to capitalize on his victory.
Battle of CarthageJuly 5, 1861Missouri
C
Confederate victory: Confederate victory in Missouri during U.S. Civil War.
Battle of Rich MountainJuly 11, 1861West Virginia
(Virginia
at the time)[A]
B
Union victory: Confederate forces under Gen. Robert S. Garnett split in half mid-battle by Union forces under Maj. Gen. George B. McClellan. One half surrenders; the other escapes.
Battle of Blackburn's FordJuly 18, 1861Virginia
C
Confederate victory: Irvin McDowell's recon-in-force defeated at Manassas.
First Battle of Bull Run
or First Manassas
July 21, 1861Virginia
A
Confederate victory: McDowell loses to J.E. Johnston, Beauregard; Jackson named "Stonewall".
Battle of Wilson's CreekAugust 10, 1861Missouri
A
Confederate victory: Union forces under Nathaniel Lyon and Samuel D. Sturgis lose to Confederates under Sterling Price and Benjamin McCulloch. Lyon is killed. First major battle west of the Mississippi.
Battle of Kessler's Cross LanesAugust 26, 1861West Virginia
(Virginia
at the time)[A]
D
Confederate victory: Confederates under John B. Floyd surprise and defeat Union forces under Erastus B. Tyler.
Battle of Hatteras Inlet BatteriesAugust 28, 1861August 28–29, 1861North Carolina
C
Union victory: Union forces capture two North Carolina forts.
Battle of Dry Wood CreekSeptember 2, 1861Missouri
D
Confederate victory: Union cavalry from Kansas defeated by Missouri State Guard.
Battle of Carnifex FerrySeptember 10, 1861West Virginia
(Virginia
at the time)[A]
B
Union victory: Confederates withdraw by night after several hours of fighting.
Battle of Cheat MountainSeptember 12, 1861September 12–15, 1861West Virginia
(Virginia
at the time)[A]
B
Union victory: 300 Union troops withstand uncoordinated Confederate attacks.
First Battle of LexingtonSeptember 13, 1861September 13–20, 1861Missouri
C
Confederate victory: Union forces badly defeated by Missouri State Guard.
Battle of LibertySeptember 17, 1861Missouri
D
Confederate victory: Minor Missouri State Guard victory.
Battle of BarbourvilleSeptember 19, 1861Kentucky
D
Confederate victory:Zollicoffer raided a Federal recruitment camp and brought a counter-thrust.
Battle of Greenbrier RiverOctober 3, 1861West Virginia
(Virginia
at the time)[A]
D
Inconclusive: Confederates withdraw after inconclusive battle.
Battle of Santa Rosa IslandOctober 9, 1861Florida
C
Union victory: Union forces repel Confederate attempt to capture island.
Battle of Camp WildcatOctober 21, 1861Kentucky
C
Union victory: Confederates chased from Cumberland Gap
Battle of FredericktownOctober 21, 1861Missouri
D
Union victory: Missouri State Guard defeated.
Battle of Ball's BluffOctober 21, 1861Virginia
B
Confederate victory: 550 Union soldiers captured.
First Battle of SpringfieldOctober 25, 1861Missouri
D
Union victory: Union forces capture town.
Battle of BelmontNovember 7, 1861Missouri
C
Inconclusive: Grant captures and destroys Confederate supplies near Cairo, Illinois.
Battle of Ivy MountainNovember 8, 1861Kentucky
D
Union victory:
Battle of Round MountainNovember 19, 1861Oklahoma
(Indian Territory
at the time)
D
Confederate victory: Opothleyahola's Unionist Creeks and Seminoles defeated near present-day Stillwater.
Battle of Chusto-TalasahDecember 9, 1861Oklahoma
(Indian Territory
at the time)
D
Confederate victory: Opothleyahola defeated near present-day Tulsa.
Battle of Camp AlleghenyDecember 13, 1861West Virginia
(Virginia
at the time)[A]
C
Inconclusive: Confederates withstand Union attack.
Battle of Rowlett's StationDecember 17, 1861Kentucky
D
Inconclusive:
Battle of DranesvilleDecember 20, 1861Virginia
C
Union victory: Union defeats Confederate forces under J.E.B. Stuart.
Battle of ChustenahlahDecember 26, 1861Oklahoma
(Indian Territory
at the time)
B
Confederate victory: Opothleyahola defeated, flees to Kansas.
Battle of Mount Zion ChurchDecember 28, 1861Missouri
D
Union victory: Union victory in Northeastern Missouri.
Battle of Cockpit PointJanuary 3, 1862Virginia
C
Inconclusive: Inconclusive Civil War battle in Virginia.
Battle of HancockJanuary 5, 1862January 5–6, 1862Maryland
D
Inconclusive: Unsuccessful Confederate attack on Maryland town.
Battle of Roan's Tan YardJanuary 8, 1862Missouri
D
Union victory: Confederates routed.
Battle of Middle CreekJanuary 10, 1862Kentucky
C
Union victory: Union forces under James A. Garfield defeat Confederates under Humphrey Marshall.
Battle of Mill SpringsJanuary 19, 1862Kentucky
B
Union victory: Felix Zollicoffer killed.
Battle of Fort HenryFebruary 6, 1862Tennessee
B
Union victory: Ulysses S. Grant and Foote's gunboats gain control of Tennessee River by defeating Lloyd Tilghman
Battle of Roanoke IslandFebruary 7, 1862February 7–8, 1862North Carolina
B
Union victory: Union forces under Ambrose E. Burnside capture island from Henry A. Wise
Battle of Fort DonelsonFebruary 11, 1862February 11–16, 1862Tennessee
A
Union victory: Confederate army under Simon Bolivar Buckner surrenders to Grant, Union gains control of Cumberland River
Battle of ValverdeFebruary 20, 1862February 20–21, 1862New Mexico
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
B
Confederate victory: Union forces routed in New Mexico Territory.
Battle of Island Number Ten
(Battle of New Madrid)
February 28, 1862February 28 –
April 8, 1862
Missouri
A
Union victory: Union victory by Pope over John P. McCown.
Battle of Pea RidgeMarch 6, 1862March 6–8, 1862Arkansas
A
Union victory: Union victory by Samuel Ryan Curtis over Earl Van Dorn ensured continued Union control of Missouri.
Battle of Hampton RoadsMarch 8, 1862March 8–9, 1862Virginia
B
Inconclusive: USS Monitor battles CSS Virginia, battle ends in a draw.
Battle of New BernMarch 14, 1862North Carolina
B
Union victory: Union troops disembark from ships and capture the town.
First Battle of KernstownMarch 23, 1862Virginia
B
Union victory: Union forces defeat Confederates under "Stonewall" Jackson.
Battle of Fort MaconMarch 23, 1862March 23 – April 26, 1862North Carolina
C
Union victory: Confederate fort surrenders after Union artillery bombardment.
Battle of Glorieta PassMarch 26, 1862March 26–28, 1862New Mexico
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
A
Confederate tactical victory. Union strategic victory. Dubbed the "Gettysburg of the West".
Siege of Yorktown (1862)
(Battle of Yorktown)
April 5, 1862 April 5 – May 4, 1862Virginia
B
Inconclusive: Union troops win skirmish near site of decisive Revolutionary War battle.
Battle of ShilohApril 6, 1862April 6–7, 1862Tennessee
A
Union victory: Grant and reinforcements under Buell repulse Albert Sidney Johnston and P. G. T. Beauregard, but the Union lost more men.
Battle of Fort PulaskiApril 10, 1862April 10–11, 1862Georgia
B
Union victory: Union blockade closes Savannah, Georgia. Parrott rifle makes masonry forts obsolete.
Battle of Forts Jackson and St. PhilipApril 18, 1862April 18–28, 1862Louisiana
A
Union victory: Decisive battle for possession of New Orleans.
Battle of South MillsApril 19, 1862North Carolina
D
Inconclusive: Confederates thwart attempt to destroy a canal.
Capture of New OrleansApril 25, 1862April 25 – May 1, 1862Louisiana
B
Union victory: Union forces capture city.
Siege of CorinthApril 29, 1862April 29 – May 30, 1862Mississippi
A
Union victory: Union forces capture town, Beauregard tricks Union in order to escape to Tupelo.
Battle of WilliamsburgMay 5, 1862Virginia
B
Inconclusive: McClellan and Longstreet fight inconclusive battle.
Battle of Eltham's LandingMay 7, 1862Virginia
D
Inconclusive: Inconclusive Civil War battle in Virginia.
Battle of McDowellMay 8, 1862Virginia
C
Confederate victory: Stonewall Jackson's Confederates defeat Union forces.
Battle of Drewry's BluffMay 15, 1862Virginia
B
Confederate victory: Union naval attack repelled by Confederate artillery.
Battle of Princeton Court HouseMay 15, 1862May 15–17, 1862West Virginia
(Virginia
at the time)[A]
C
Confederate victory:
Battle of Front RoyalMay 23, 1862Virginia
C
Confederate victory: Stonewall Jackson threatens the Union rear, forces their retreat.
First Battle of WinchesterMay 25, 1862Virginia
A
Confederate victory: Stonewall Jackson defeats Nathaniel P. Banks.
Battle of Hanover Court HouseMay 27, 1862Virginia
C
Union victory: Union victory during U.S. Civil War.
Battle of Seven PinesMay 31, 1862May 31 – June 1, 1862Virginia
B
Inconclusive: J.E. Johnston attacks Union forces, wounded, inconclusive
Battle of Tranter's CreekJune 5, 1862North Carolina
D
Union victory: Confederate forces retreat after Colonel Singletary is killed.
Battle of MemphisJune 6, 1862Tennessee
B
Union victory: Union forces capture the city.
First Battle of ChattanoogaJune 7, 1862June 7–8, 1862Tennessee
D
Union victory: Union forces bombard the town.
Battle of Cross KeysJune 8, 1862Virginia
B
Confederate victory: John C. Fremont defeated by elements of Stonewall Jackson's force.
Battle of Port RepublicJune 9, 1862Virginia
B
Confederate victory: Costly victory for Stonewall Jackson.
Battle of James Island
(Battle of Secessionville)
June 16, 1862South Carolina
B
Confederate victory: Union repulsed, Union commander later court-martialed for disobeying orders.
Battle of Saint CharlesJune 17, 1862Arkansas
C
Union victory: The USS Mound City is hit by Confederate shore gun and explodes.
Battle of Simmon's BluffJune 21, 1862South Carolina
D
Union victory:
Battle of Oak GroveJune 25, 1862Virginia
D
Inconclusive: (Seven Days) Indecisive battle between McClellan and Lee.
Battle of Beaver Dam CreekJune 26, 1862Virginia
B
Union victory: (Seven Days) Robert E. Lee defeated.
Battle of Gaines' MillJune 27, 1862Virginia
A
Confederate victory: (Seven Days) Lee defeats McClellan.
Battle of Garnett's & Golding's FarmJune 27, 1862June 27–28, 1862Virginia
D
Inconclusive: (Seven Days) Indecisive battle between Lee and McClellan.
Battle of Savage's StationJune 29, 1862Virginia
C
Inconclusive: (Seven Days) Union forces withdraw.
Battle of TampaJune 30, 1862June 30 – July 1, 1862Florida
D
Confederate victory: Union gunboat attacks, but later withdraws.
Battle of GlendaleJune 30, 1862Virginia
B
Inconclusive: (Seven Days) McClellan retreats from Lee's Confederates.
Battle of White Oak SwampJune 30, 1862Virginia
C
Inconclusive: Indecisive artillery duel.
Battle of Malvern HillJuly 1, 1862Virginia
A
Union victory: (Seven Days) McClellan defeats Lee but withdraws after battle.
Battle of Cotton Plant
(Battle of Hill's Plantation)
July 7, 1862Arkansas
D
Union victory: Union victory in Arkansas.
First Battle of MurfreesboroJuly 13, 1862Tennessee
C
Confederate victory.
Battle of Baton RougeAugust 5, 1862Louisiana
B
Union victory:
Battle of KirksvilleAugust 6, 1862August 6–9, 1862Missouri
D
Union victory: Union forces capture town.
First Battle of DonaldsonvilleAugust 9, 1862Louisiana
D
Union victory:
Battle of Cedar MountainAugust 9, 1862Virginia
B
Confederate victory: Union forces repelled by Confederate counter-attack.
First Battle of IndependenceAugust 11, 1862Missouri
D
Confederate victory: Confederate victory near Kansas City.
Battle of Lone JackAugust 15, 1862August 15–16, 1862Missouri
D
Confederate victory: Confederate victory, Union commander killed. Rebels forced to withdraw after battle.
Battle of Fort RidgelyAugust 21, 1862August 21–22, 1862Minnesota
C
* Dakota War of 1862: Failed Santee Sioux attack on Union controlled fort.
First Battle of Rappahannock StationAugust 22, 1862August 22–25, 1862Virginia
D
Inconclusive: Union supplies destroyed during skirmish.
Battle of Manassas Station Ops.August 25, 1862August 25–27, 1862Virginia
B
Confederate victory: Jackson turns into Pope's rear area; destroys Manassas Station.
Second Battle of Bull Run
or Second Manassas
August 28, 1862August 28–30, 1862Virginia
A
Confederate victory: Lee defeats Pope's Army of Virginia
Battle of Thoroughfare GapAugust 28, 1862Virginia
C
Confederate victory: Longstreet defeats small Union force to arrive at Manassas battlefield.
Battle of Richmond (Kentucky)August 30, 1862Kentucky
B
Confederate victory: Edmund Kirby Smith routs Union army under Brig. Gen. William "Bull" Nelson.
Battle of ChantillySeptember 1, 1862Virginia
B
Inconclusive: Union forces nearly being cut off, Isaac Stevens and Philip Kearny are killed.
Battle of Harpers FerrySeptember 12, 1862September 12–15, 1862West Virginia
(Virginia
at the time)[A]
B
Confederate victory: Stonewall Jackson captures Union garrison under Dixon S. Miles
Battle of MunfordvilleSeptember 14, 1862September 14–17, 1862Kentucky
B
Confederate victory: Union force surrenders.
Battle of South MountainSeptember 14, 1862Maryland
B
Union victory: McClellan defeats Lee.
Battle of AntietamSeptember 17, 1862Maryland
A
Tactically inconclusive; strategic Union victory: McClellan ends Lee's invasion of North, bloodiest single day of the war.
Battle of ShepherdstownSeptember 19, 1862September 19–20, 1862West Virginia
(Virginia
at the time)[A]
C
Confederate victory: Confederate brigades counterattack and defeat pursuing Union brigades.
Battle of IukaSeptember 19, 1862Mississippi
C
Union victory: Rosecrans is victorious over Price near Mississippi town.
Battle of Wood LakeSeptember 23, 1862Minnesota
C
* Dakota War of 1862: Overwhelming defeat of Santee Sioux forces during the Dakota War of 1862.
First Battle of Sabine PassSeptember 24, 1862Texas
C
Union victory:
First Battle of NewtoniaSeptember 30, 1862Missouri
C
Confederate victory: Union forces panic under bombardment from Confederate artillery.
Battle of Saint John's BluffOctober 1, 1862October 1–3, 1862Florida
D
Union victory:
Second Battle of Corinth
(Battle of Corinth)
October 3, 1862October 3–4, 1862Mississippi
B
Union victory: Confederate attack fails.
Battle of Galveston Harbor (1862)
(First Battle of Galveston)
October 4, 1862Texas
D
Union victory:
Battle of Hatchie's BridgeOctober 5, 1862Tennessee
C
Inconclusive: Confederate force under Earl Van Dorn escapes across river.
Battle of PerryvilleOctober 8, 1862Kentucky
A
Inconclusive: Tactical indecisive battle that ended Bragg's Kentucky campaign.
Battle of Old Fort WayneOctober 22, 1862Oklahoma
(Indian Territory
at the time)
D
Union victory:
Battle of Georgia LandingOctober 27, 1862Louisiana
C
Union victory:
Battle of Clark's MillNovember 7, 1862Missouri
D
Confederate victory: Union force surrenders to larger Confederate force.
Battle of Cane HillNovember 28, 1862Arkansas
C
Confederate victory: Small Confederate force delays Union while larger force escapes.
Battle of Prairie GroveDecember 7, 1862Arkansas
B
Union victory: Union secures NW Arkansas.
Battle of HartsvilleDecember 7, 1862Tennessee
C
Confederate victory: Disguised in Union uniforms, Confederates infiltrate and defeat Union forces.
Battle of FredericksburgDecember 13, 1862Virginia
A
Confederate victory: Lee beats back repeated frontal assaults by Burnside.
Battle of KinstonDecember 14, 1862North Carolina
D
Union victory: Union forces under John G. Foster defeat Confederates under Nathan Evans.
Battle of White HallDecember 16, 1862North Carolina
D
Inconclusive: Foster fights indecisive battle with Beverly Robertson.
Battle of Goldsboro BridgeDecember 17, 1862North Carolina
C
Union victory: Foster defeats Confederates and destroys the bridge.
Battle of Jackson, TennesseeDecember 19, 1862Tennessee
D
Union victory: Confederate feint to distract Union forces.
Battle of Chickasaw BayouDecember 26, 1862December 26–29, 1862Mississippi
B
Confederate victory: (Vicksburg Campaign) Pemberton defeats Sherman; Union attack on Confederate right flank thwarted.
Battle of Parker's Cross RoadsDecember 31, 1862Tennessee
C
Confederate victory: Confederates repel Union double-pronged assault.
Battle of Stones River
(Second Battle of Murfreesboro)
December 31, 1862December 31, 1862 –
January 2, 1863
Tennessee
A
Inconclusive: Forces fight to draw/Bragg retreats
Battle of Galveston
(Second Battle of Galveston)
January 1, 1863Texas
B
Confederate victory: John B. Magruder expels occupying Union troops from Galveston, Texas.
Second Battle of SpringfieldJanuary 8, 1863Missouri
D
Union victory: Confederates enter town, but are unable to take nearby fort.
Battle of Fort Hindman (Battle of Arkansas Post)January 9, 1863Arkansas
C
Union victory: Part of Vicksburg Campaign, fight for control of mouth of Arkansas River.
Battle of HartvilleJanuary 9, 1863January 9–11, 1863Missouri
D
Confederate victory: Confederates are victorious, but unable to continue raid.
Bear River MassacreJanuary 29, 1863Idaho
(Washington Territory
at the time)
C
* Indian Wars: Shoshone forces massacred by Union troops.
Battle of DoverFebruary 3, 1863Tennessee
D
Union victory: Failed Confederate attack on town.
Battle of Fort McAllister (1863)March 5, 1863Georgia
C
Confederate victory:
Battle of Thompson's StationMarch 5, 1863Tennessee
C
Confederate victory:
Battle of Fort AndersonMarch 13, 1863March 13–15, 1863North Carolina
D
Union victory: Daniel H. Hill leads unsuccessful Confederate attack on New Bern.
Battle of Kelly's FordMarch 17, 1863Virginia
C
Confederate victory: Indecisive cavalry battle during Civil War.
Battle of Vaught's HillMarch 20, 1863Tennessee
D
Union victory: Union forces withstand attack by John Hunt Morgan's Confederates.
Battle of BrentwoodMarch 25, 1863Tennessee
D
Confederate victory: Union force surrenders.
Battle of Washington, NCMarch 30, 1863March 30 – April 20, 1863North Carolina
D
Inconclusive: Hill unable to take North Carolina town from Union forces.
First Battle of Charleston HarborApril 7, 1863South Carolina
C
Confederate victory:
Battle of Franklin (1863)April 10, 1863Tennessee
D
Union victory: Confederates withdraw after rearguard defeat.
Battle of Suffolk (Hill's Point)
(Battle of Fort Huger)
April 11, 1863April 11 – May 4, 1863Virginia
C
Inconclusive
Battle of Suffolk (Norfleet House);
Siege of Suffolk
April 11, 1863April 11 – May 4, 1863Virginia
C
Inconclusive: Twin battles fought over Suffolk.
Battle of Fort BislandApril 12, 1863April 12–13, 1863Louisiana
D
Union victory:
Battle of Irish BendApril 14, 1863Louisiana
C
Union victory:
Battle of Vermillion BayouApril 17, 1863Louisiana
D
Union victory:
Battle of Cape GirardeauApril 26, 1863Missouri
D
Union victory: Confederate attack fails.
Battle of Grand GulfApril 29, 1863Mississippi
C
Confederate victory: Unsuccessful naval attack by Grant's forces.
Battle of Snyder's BluffApril 29, 1863April 29 – May 1, 1863Mississippi
D
Confederate victory: Union feint during Vicksburg Campaign.
Battle of Day's GapApril 30, 1863Alabama
C
Union victory: Union victory during a raid in Alabama.
Battle of ChancellorsvilleApril 30, 1863April 30 – May 6, 1863Virginia
A
Confederate victory: Lee defeats Hooker's Army of Potomac, Jackson mortally wounded.
Battle of Port GibsonMay 1, 1863Mississippi
B
Union victory: in Vicksburg campaign, Grant defeats Confederates
Battle of Chalk BluffMay 1, 1863May 1–2, 1863Arkansas
D
Confederate victory: Confederates win but can't continue raid.
Second Battle of FredericksburgMay 3, 1863Virginia
B
Union victory: Union forces under John Sedgwick defeat Confederate forces left to guard the town by Lee.
Battle of Salem ChurchMay 3, 1863May 3–4, 1863Virginia
B
Confederate victory: Lee defeats Sedgwick.
Battle of RaymondMay 12, 1863Mississippi
B
Union victory: Failed Confederate attempt to protect Vicksburg from approaching Federals.
Battle of Jackson, MississippiMay 14, 1863Mississippi
B
Union victory: Sherman, McPherson defeat Johnston
Battle of Champion HillMay 16, 1863Mississippi
A
Union victory: Grant defeats Pemberton.
Battle of Big Black River BridgeMay 17, 1863Mississippi
B
Union victory: Confederate forces trapped in Vicksburg.
Siege of VicksburgMay 18, 1863May 18 – July 4, 1863Mississippi
A
Union victory: the siege ends; Grant accepts surrender of second Confederate army under Pemberton.
Battle of Plains StoreMay 21, 1863Louisiana
C
Union victory: Union victory near Baton Rouge.
Siege of Port HudsonMay 21, 1863May 21 – July 9, 1863Louisiana
A
Union victory: last Confederate stronghold on Mississippi surrenders; Gardner surrenders to Banks.
Battle of Milliken's BendJune 7, 1863Louisiana
C
Union victory: In the largest battle fought between Confederate and Black troops, after nearly two days of close combat, the Confederates were defeated in their attempt to raise the siege of Vicksburg.
Battle of Brandy StationJune 9, 1863Virginia
B
Inconclusive: Pleasonton surprises J.E.B. Stuart's cavalrymen in their camps near Brandy Station.
Second Battle of WinchesterJune 13, 1863June 13–15, 1863Virginia
B
Confederate victory: Confederate victory paves way for Lee's invasion of the North.
Battle of AldieJune 17, 1863Virginia
C
Inconclusive: Indecisive battle during Robert E. Lee's march north.
Battle of MiddleburgJune 17, 1863June 17–19, 1863Virginia
C
Inconclusive: J.E.B. Stuart retreats from engagement with Union cavalry.
Battle of LaFourche CrossingJune 20, 1863June 20–21, 1863Louisiana
D
Union victory:
Battle of UppervilleJune 21, 1863Virginia
C
Inconclusive: Indecisive cavalry battle during Lee's invasion.
Battle of Hoover's GapJune 24, 1863June 24–26, 1863Tennessee
C
Union victory: Union victory prevents Confederates in Tennessee from coming to the aid of Vicksburg.
Second Battle of DonaldsonvilleJune 28, 1863Louisiana
D
Union victory:
Battle of Goodrich's LandingJune 29, 1863June 29–30, 1863Louisiana
D
Inconclusive: Confederates drive Union Black Regiments off of several plantations.
Battle of HanoverJune 30, 1863Pennsylvania
C
Inconclusive: J.E.B. Stuart forced to change his route, delaying his efforts to unite with Lee's force outside Gettysburg.
Battle of Cabin CreekJuly 1, 1863July 1–2, 1863Oklahoma
(Indian Territory
at the time)
C
Union victory:
Battle of GettysburgJuly 1, 1863July 1–3, 1863Pennsylvania
A
Union victory: Lee loses to Meade, Pickett's Charge fails, ends second invasion of North. Confederate army arrived in Gettysburg to resupply army, unaware of Union army nearby.
Battle of HelenaJuly 4, 1863Arkansas
B
Union victory: Confederate assault on river port fails securing eastern Arkansas for Union.
Battle of WilliamsportJuly 6, 1863July 6–16, 1863Maryland
C
Inconclusive: Meade and Lee fight indecisive battle.
Battle of BoonsboroJuly 8, 1863Maryland
D
Inconclusive: Indecisive action at rearguard of Lee's retreat.
Battle of CorydonJuly 9, 1863Indiana
C
Confederate victory: Confederate raid results in civilian casualties, including a Lutheran minister.
Battle of Fort WagnerJuly 11, 1863South Carolina
D
Confederate victory: first of two Union attempts to take Ft. Wagner.
Battle of Kock's PlantationJuly 12, 1863July 12–13, 1863Louisiana
C
Confederate victory:
Battle of Grimball's LandingJuly 16, 1863South Carolina
D
Inconclusive:
Battle of Honey SpringsJuly 17, 1863Oklahoma
(Indian Territory
at the time)
B
Union victory: In Indian Territory, two largely Black and American Indian forces meet. Union victory.
Second Battle of Fort Wagner
(Battle of Fort Wagner, Morris Island)
July 18, 1863South Carolina
B
Confederate victory: second of two Union attempts to take Ft. Wagner fails, heroism of the 54th Massachusetts.
Battle of Buffington IslandJuly 19, 1863Ohio
C
Union Victory:
Battle of Manassas GapJuly 23, 1863Virginia
D
Inconclusive: Indecisive battle by day, Confederates withdraw by night.
Battle of Big MoundJuly 24, 1863July 24–25, 1863North Dakota
(Dakota Territory
at the time)
C
* Dakota War of 1862: Union forces defeat Santee and Teton Sioux forces.
Battle of Dead Buffalo LakeJuly 26, 1863North Dakota
(Dakota Territory
at the time)
D
* Sioux Wars/Dakota War of 1862: Sibley defeats Sioux forces.
Battle of SalinevilleJuly 26, 1863Ohio
D
Union victory: Confederate Brigadier General John Hunt Morgan surrenders in Ohio. The northernmost battle in the Civil War.
Battle of Stony LakeJuly 28, 1863North Dakota
(Dakota Territory
at the time)
D
* Dakota War of 1862: Sioux forces escape Union forces in pursuit.
Second Battle of Fort SumterAugust 17, 1863August 17 –
September 9, 1863
South Carolina
B
Confederate victory: Union's massive bombardment and naval attack fails to retake the fort.
Second Battle of Charleston HarborAugust 17, 1863August 17 –
September 8, 1863
South Carolina
B
Inconclusive:
Second Battle of ChattanoogaAugust 21, 1863August 21 –
September 8, 1863
Tennessee
D
Union victory: Union captures town.
Lawrence Massacre
(Quantrill's Raid)
August 23, 1863Kansas
C
Confederate victory: Quantrill's Raiders pillage the city.
Battle of Devil's BackboneSeptember 1, 1863Arkansas
C
Union victory: Union victory after heavy fighting.
Battle of Whitestone HillSeptember 3, 1863September 3–5, 1863North Dakota
(Dakota Territory
at the time)
D
* Sioux Wars/Dakota War of 1862: Union forces defeat several American Indian tribes including the Sioux and Blackfeet.
Second Battle of Sabine PassSeptember 8, 1863Texas
B
Confederate victory: Confederate forces place stakes in river to help aim their guns at Union ships.
Battle of Bayou FourcheSeptember 10, 1863Arkansas
B
Union victory: Union victory allows for capture of Little Rock.
Battle of Davis's Cross RoadsSeptember 10, 1863September 10–11, 1863Georgia
C
Union victory: Union forces establish defensive positions prior to Chickamauga.
Battle of ChickamaugaSeptember 19, 1863September 19–20, 1863Georgia
A
Confederate victory: Bragg defeats Rosecrans, George Thomas of US anointed "The Rock of Chickamauga"
Battle of Blountville
(Battle of Blountsville)
September 22, 1863Tennessee
D
Union victory: Union forces capture town.
Battle of Stirling's PlantationSeptember 29, 1863Louisiana
D
Confederate victory:
Battle of Fort Blair
(Battle of Baxter Springs)
October 6, 1863Kansas
C
Confederate victory: Quantrill's Raiders massacre Union Black Troops during U.S. Civil War.
Battle of Blue SpringsOctober 10, 1863Tennessee
D
Union victory: Confederate forces overrun.
First Battle of AuburnOctober 13, 1863Virginia
D
Union victory: J.E.B. Stuart escapes by hiding in a ravine.
Battle of Bristoe StationOctober 14, 1863Virginia
B
Union victory: Meade defeats elements of Lee's forces, but Confederates destroy railroad during retreat.
Second Battle of AuburnOctober 14, 1863Virginia
D
Inconclusive: Confederates attack Union rearguard, indecisive.
Battle of Fort BrookeOctober 16, 1863October 16–18, 1863Florida
D
Union victory:
Battle of Buckland MillsOctober 19, 1863Virginia
D
Confederate victory: Union cavalry caught in ambush, defeated.
Battle of Pine BluffOctober 25, 1863Arkansas
D
Union victory: Confederate attack fails.
Battle of WauhatchieOctober 28, 1863October 28–29, 1863Tennessee
B
Union victory: Longstreet defeated by Union forces.
Battle of ColliervilleNovember 3, 1863Tennessee
D
Union victory: Abortive Confederate attack on the town.
Battle of Droop MountainNovember 6, 1863West Virginia
C
Union victory:
Second Battle of Rappahannock StationNovember 7, 1863Virginia
B
Union victory: Union forces surge across river, forcing Lee to retreat.
Battle of Campbell's StationNovember 16, 1863Tennessee
D
Union victory: Confederate double-envelopment attempt fails.
Chattanooga CampaignNovember 23, 1863November 23–25, 1863Tennessee
A
Union victory: Grant defeats Braxton Bragg and relieves Union forces besieged in Chattanooga.
Battle of Mine RunNovember 27, 1863November 27 –
December 2, 1863
Virginia
B
Inconclusive: Meade bombards Lee's Confederates but then withdraws.
Battle of Ringgold GapNovember 27, 1863Georgia
B
Confederate victory: Confederates under Patrick Cleburne defeat Union forces under Joseph Hooker.
Battle of Fort SandersNovember 29, 1863Tennessee
B
Union victory: Longstreet unable to take fort due to poor quality gunpowder.
Battle of Bean's StationDecember 14, 1863Tennessee
D
Confederate victory: Union forces withdraw a short distance.
Battle of Mossy CreekDecember 29, 1863Tennessee
D
Union victory: Confederate cavalry forced back.
Battle of DandridgeJanuary 17, 1864Tennessee
C
Confederate victory: Union forces withdraw.
Battle of AthensJanuary 26, 1864Alabama
D
Union victory: Union victory in Northern Alabama.
Battle of Fair GardenJanuary 27, 1864Tennessee
C
Inconclusive: Union victory followed by withdrawal.
Battle of Morton's FordFebruary 6, 1864February 6–7, 1864Virginia
D
Inconclusive: Diversionary Union attack.
Battle of Middle Boggy DepotFebruary 13, 1864Oklahoma
(Indian Territory
at the time)
D
Union victory:
Battle of MeridianFebruary 14, 1864February 14–20, 1864Mississippi
C
Union victory: Sherman occupies town.
Battle of OlusteeFebruary 20, 1864Florida
B
Confederate victory: Union fail to take Florida.
Battle of OkolonaFebruary 22, 1864Mississippi
B
Confederate victory: Confederate cavalry, commanded by Maj. Gen. Nathan Bedford Forrest, routed 7,000 cavalry under the command of Brig. Gen. William Sooy Smith.
First Battle of DaltonFebruary 22, 1864February 22–27, 1864Georgia
C
Confederate victory: After several days of intense skirmishing, Maj. Gen. George H. Thomas's army withdrew upon realizing Gen. Joseph E. Johnston's troops could repel any assault. However, the intelligence garnered from the Battle of Dalton helped pave the way for a Union victory in the summer.
Battle of WalkertonMarch 2, 1864Virginia
C
Confederate victory: controversy surrounding the Dahlgren Affair.
Battle of Fort De RussyMarch 12, 1864Louisiana
B
Union victory: Fort DeRussy fell and the Red River to Alexandria was open.
Battle of PaducahMarch 25, 1864Kentucky
C
Confederate victory: Confederate raid by Forrest successful.
Battle of Elkin's FerryApril 3, 1864April 3–4, 1864Arkansas
C
Union victory: Confederates unable to prevent Union river crossing.
Battle of MansfieldApril 8, 1864Louisiana
A
Confederate victory: Banks Union Red River Campaign halted by the Confederates.
Battle of Prairie D'AneApril 9, 1864April 9–13, 1864Arkansas
B
Union victory: Frederick Steele defeats Sterling Price.
Battle of Pleasant HillApril 9, 1864Louisiana
B
Union victory: Confederate attack fails.
Battle of Fort PillowApril 12, 1864Tennessee
B
Confederate victory: N.B. Forrest takes fort, massacres black soldiers.
Battle of Blair's LandingApril 12, 1864April 12–13, 1864Louisiana
C
Union victory:
Battle of PlymouthApril 17, 1864North Carolina
C
Confederate victory: Confederate land forces, supported by naval ram, retake two Union forts near Plymouth, North Carolina.
Battle of Poison SpringApril 18, 1864Arkansas
C
Confederate victory: Part of Red River Campaign in Arkansas, black troops massacred.
Battle of Monett's FerryApril 23, 1864Louisiana
C
Union victory: Confederate forces driven back.
Battle of Marks' MillsApril 25, 1864Arkansas
D
Confederate victory: Part of Red River Campaign in Arkansas.
Battle of Jenkins' FerryApril 30, 1864Arkansas
C
Union victory: Part of Red River Campaign in Arkansas.
Battle of Albemarle SoundMay 5, 1864North Carolina
C
Inconclusive: Indecisive naval battle during U.S. Civil War.
Battle of the WildernessMay 5, 1864May 5–7, 1864Virginia
A
Inconclusive: Grant and Lee meet inconclusively.
Battle of Port Walthall JunctionMay 6, 1864May 6–7, 1864Virginia
C
Union victory: Union forces destroy railroad
Battle of Rocky Face RidgeMay 7, 1864May 7–13, 1864Georgia
C
Union victory: Due to a flanking movement by Union troops under Maj. Gen. William Tecumseh Sherman, Confederates led by Gen. Joseph E. Johnston were forced to evacuate their strong position near Atlanta.
Battle of Spotsylvania Court HouseMay 8, 1864May 8–21, 1864Virginia
A
Inconclusive: Grant and Lee meet inconclusively, Grant writes to Halleck "I propose to fight it out on this line if it takes all summer".
Battle of Swift CreekMay 9, 1864Virginia
C
Inconclusive: Union forces damage railroad, but are stopped by Confederate forces.
Battle of Cloyd's MountainMay 9, 1864Virginia
C
Union victory: Union victory, Confederate General Albert G. Jenkins killed.
Battle of Chester StationMay 10, 1864Virginia
D
Inconclusive: Union forces under Benjamin Butler pushed back.
Battle of Cove MountainMay 10, 1864Virginia
D
Union victory: Union victory after brief battle.
Battle of Yellow TavernMay 11, 1864Virginia
C
Union victory: Union forces win cavalry battle, J.E.B. Stuart is mortally wounded.
Battle of Proctor's CreekMay 12, 1864May 12–16, 1864Virginia
B
Confederate victory: Beauregard defeats Butler.
Battle of ResacaMay 13, 1864Georgia
C
Inconclusive: Sherman defeats Johnston
Battle of New MarketMay 15, 1864Virginia
B
Confederate victory: Confederate forces halt Union army under Franz Sigel from advance up the Shenandoah Valley.
Battle of MansuraMay 16, 1864Louisiana
C
Union victory:
Battle of AdairsvilleMay 17, 1864Georgia
C
Union victory: Failed Confederate attempt to destroy part of the Union force approaching Atlanta.
Battle of Yellow BayouMay 18, 1864Louisiana
C
Union victory:
Battle of Ware Bottom ChurchMay 20, 1864Virginia
C
Confederate victory: Beauregard boxes Butler in.
Battle of North AnnaMay 23, 1864May 23–26, 1864Virginia
B
Inconclusive: Lee outmaneuvers Grant, but because of illness, he is unable to capitalize.
Battle of Wilson's WharfMay 24, 1864Virginia
D
Union victory: Confederates under Fitzhugh Lee defeated by two Union black regiments.
Battle of New Hope ChurchMay 25, 1864May 25–26, 1864Georgia
C
Confederate victory: Hooker's forces defeated.
Battle of Dallas (Georgia)May 26, 1864May 26 – June 4, 1864Georgia
C
Union victory: Confederate withdrawal in Georgia.
Battle of Pickett's MillMay 27, 1864Georgia
C
Confederate victory: Unsuccessful attack by Sherman on Johnston.
Battle of Haw's ShopMay 28, 1864Virginia
C
Union victory: Union advance halted.
Battle of Totopotomoy CreekMay 28, 1864May 28–30, 1864Virginia
B
Inconclusive: Union forces pushed back.
Battle of Old ChurchMay 30, 1864Virginia
C
Union victory: Union forces drive Confederates back to Cold Harbor.
Battle of Cold HarborMay 31, 1864May 31 –
June 12, 1864
Virginia
A
Confederate victory: Lee repulses Grant, Confederate general says "This is not war, this is murder".
Battle of PiedmontJune 5, 1864Virginia
B
Union victory: Union forces under David Hunter defeat Confederate defenses on march to Staunton, Virginia, upper Shenandoah Valley.
Battle of Old River LakeJune 6, 1864Arkansas
D
Union victory:
Battle of MariettaJune 6, 1864June 6 – July 3, 1864Georgia
B
Union victory: Sherman defeats Johnston.
First Battle of PetersburgJune 9, 1864Virginia
D
Confederate victory: Beauregard defeats Butler.
Battle of Brice's CrossroadsJune 10, 1864Mississippi
B
Confederate victory: N.B. Forrest routs Union force almost three times as large.
Battle of CynthianaJune 11, 1864June 11–12, 1864Kentucky
C
Union victory: Union Brig. Gen. Stephen Gano Burbridge defeated Confederate Brig. Gen. John Hunt Morgan. Most Confederate soldiers were casualties, though Morgan escaped.
Battle of Trevilian StationJune 11, 1864June 11–12, 1864Virginia
B
Confederate victory: Confederate victory, George Armstrong Custer nearly surrounded and has to be rescued by Sheridan.
Second Battle of PetersburgJune 15, 1864June 15–18, 1864Virginia
A
Confederate victory: Lee repulses Grant at back door to Richmond.
Battle of LynchburgJune 17, 1864June 17–18, 1864Virginia
B
Confederate victory: Fake Confederate reinforcements lead to Union retreat.
Battle of Jerusalem Plank RoadJune 21, 1864June 21–24, 1864Virginia
B
Inconclusive: Union siege lines extended for Siege of Petersburg.
Battle of Kolb's FarmJune 22, 1864Georgia
C
Union victory: Confederate attack fails due to poor terrain conditions.
Battle of Saint Mary's ChurchJune 24, 1864Virginia
D
Inconclusive: Union forces fight a successful delaying action.
Battle of Staunton River BridgeJune 25, 1864Virginia
C
Confederate victory:
Battle of Kennesaw MountainJune 27, 1864Georgia
B
Confederate victory: Johnston repulses Sherman.
Battle of Sappony ChurchJune 28, 1864Virginia
D
Confederate victory:
First Battle of Ream's StationJune 29, 1864Virginia
C
Confederate victory: Maj. Gen. William Mahone and Brig. Gen. Fitzhugh Lee defeated Union cavalry raiding Confederate railroads south of Petersburg, Virginia.
Battle of Monocacy
(Battle of Monocacy Junction)
July 9, 1864Maryland
B
Confederate victory: Union Gen. Lew Wallace slows up Jubal Early, saving DC.
Battle of Fort StevensJuly 11, 1864July 11–12, 1864District of Columbia
B
Union victory: Failed Confederate attempt to capture Washington, D.C., President Lincoln, observing the battle, comes under Confederate fire.
Battle of TupeloJuly 14, 1864July 14–15, 1864Mississippi
B
Union victory: Nathan Bedford Forrest
Battle of Cool SpringJuly 18, 1864July 18–19, 1864Virginia
C
Confederate victory:
Battle of Peachtree CreekJuly 20, 1864Georgia
B
Union victory: (Atlanta Campaign) First Confederate attack against Union forces north of Atlanta fails.
Battle of Rutherford's FarmJuly 20, 1864Virginia
D
Union victory: Confederates under Jubal Early caught by surprise and defeated.
Battle of AtlantaJuly 22, 1864Georgia
B
Union victory: (Atlanta Campaign) Sherman turns back Hood's attack east of Atlanta.
Second Battle of KernstownJuly 24, 1864Virginia
B
Confederate victory: Jubal Early defeats Union forces.
Battle of Killdeer Mountain
July 26, 1864North Dakota
(Dakota Territory
at the time)
C
* Sioux Wars/Dakota War of 1862: Union forces defeat Sioux.
First Battle of Deep BottomJuly 27, 1864July 27–29, 1864Virginia
C
Confederate victory:
Battle of Ezra ChurchJuly 28, 1864Georgia
B
Union victory: (Atlanta Campaign) Confederate attack on Union army northwest of Atlanta fails to gain element of surprise, finding entrenched Union forces. Union victory.
Battle of the CraterJuly 30, 1864Virginia
A
Confederate victory: Lee defeats Burnside.
Battle of Folck's MillAugust 1, 1864Maryland
D
Inconclusive: Indecisive Civil War battle.
Battle of Mobile BayAugust 2, 1864August 2–23, 1864Alabama
A
Union victory: David Farragut takes port, says "Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead".
Battle of Utoy CreekAugust 5, 1864August 5–7, 1864Georgia
C
Inconclusive: (Atlanta Campaign) Indecisive battle on Union right flank near Atlanta.
Battle of MoorefieldAugust 7, 1864West Virginia
C
Union victory:
Second Battle of DaltonAugust 14, 1864August 14–15, 1864Georgia
D
Union victory: Union forces withstand attack until relieved.
Second Battle of Deep BottomAugust 14, 1864August 14–20, 1864Virginia
B
Confederate victory: The Confederates drove back the Union threat, but at a cost of diluting their forces as the Union had hoped.
Battle of Guard HillAugust 16, 1864Virginia
C
Inconclusive:
Battle of Globe TavernAugust 18, 1864August 18–21, 1864Virginia
B
Union victory: Confederate forces lose control of railroads at Petersburg.
Battle of Lovejoy's StationAugust 20, 1864Georgia
D
Confederate victory: Confederates repel Union raiders attacking the station.
Second Battle of MemphisAugust 21, 1864Tennessee
C
Union victory: Partially successful Confederate raid.
Battle of Summit PointAugust 21, 1864West Virginia
D
Inconclusive:
Second Battle of Ream's StationAugust 25, 1864Virginia
B
Confederate victory: Union lines overrun by Confederates.
Battle of Smithfield CrossingAugust 25, 1864August 25–29, 1864West Virginia
D
Inconclusive:
Battle of JonesboroughAugust 31, 1864August 31 –
September 1, 1864
Georgia
A
Union victory: William J. Hardee's Confederates defeated, resulting in Atlanta's fall the following day.
Battle of BerryvilleSeptember 3, 1864September 3–4, 1864Virginia
C
Inconclusive: At the same time Confederate Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early sent Maj. Gen. Joseph B. Kershaw's division to attack Colonel Joseph Thoburn's division of the VIII Corps, and Kershaw initially routed Thoburn's left flank. Darkness ended the fighting. The next morning, Early, seeing the strength of the Union's entrenched line, retreated behind Opequon Creek.
Battle of Opequon
(Third Battle of Winchester)
September 19, 1864Virginia
A
Union victory: Sheridan defeats Early, several officers killed or wounded on both sides.
Battle of Fisher's HillSeptember 2, 1864September 21–22, 1864Virginia
B
Union victory: Successful Union frontal assault.
Battle of Fort DavidsonSeptember 27, 1864Missouri
B
Union victory: Union forces detonate their own fort after losing to Confederates.
Battle of Chaffin's Farm
(New Market Heights)
September 29, 1864September 29–30, 1864Virginia
B
Union victory: Union forces victorious, but fail to capture several forts.
Battle of Peebles' FarmSeptember 30, 1864September 30 – October 2, 1864Virginia
B
Union victory: Union victory near Petersburg.
First Battle of SaltvilleOctober 1, 1864October 1–3, 1864Virginia
C
Confederate victory: Confederates defeat Union Black Cavalry, war crimes committed against captured blacks.
Battle of AllatoonaOctober 5, 1864Georgia
B
Union victory: Union fortifications hold.
Battle of Darbytown and New MarketOctober 7, 1864Virginia
C
Union victory:
Battle of Tom's BrookOctober 9, 1864Virginia
C
Union victory: Union cavalry defeats Confederates.
Battle of Darbytown RoadOctober 13, 1864Virginia
D
Union victory: Confederate attack repelled near Richmond.
Battle of GlasgowOctober 15, 1864Missouri
C
Confederate victory: Union forces surrender.
Second Battle of LexingtonOctober 19, 1864Missouri
D
Confederate victory: Union forces driven out of town.
Battle of Cedar CreekOctober 19, 1864Virginia
A
Union victory: Sheridan defeats Early, drives Confederates from Shenandoah Valley.
Battle of Little Blue RiverOctober 21, 1864Missouri
D
Confederate victory: Confederate victory in Missouri.
Battle of Byram's FordOctober 22, 1864October 22–23, 1864Missouri
B
Union victory: Confederates under Marmaduke defeated.
Second Battle of IndependenceOctober 22, 1864Missouri
C
Confederate victory: Union forces occupy town.
Battle of WestportOctober 23, 1864Missouri
A
Union victory: Union forces win decisive battle to take control of Missouri.
Battle of Marais des CygnesOctober 25, 1864Kansas
C
Union victory: Price's Confederates pursued into Kansas.
Battle of Mine CreekOctober 25, 1864Kansas
C
Union victory: Price's army crushed, flees back into Missouri.
Battle of Marmiton RiverOctober 25, 1864Missouri
D
Union victory: Price escapes Union pursuit.
Battle of DecaturOctober 26, 1864October 26–29, 1864Alabama
C
Union victory: Confederates unable to cross river.
Battle of Boydton Plank RoadOctober 27, 1864October 27–28, 1864Virginia
B
Inconclusive: Union forces take control of road, but withdraw after battle.
Battle of Fair Oaks & Darbytown RoadOctober 27, 1864October 27–28, 1864Virginia
C
Confederate victory:
Second Battle of NewtoniaOctober 28, 1864Missouri
B
Union victory: James G. Blunt defeats Joseph O. Shelby.
Battle of JohnsonvilleNovember 4, 1864November 4–5, 1864Tennessee
B
Confederate victory: Confederates bombard Union forces during the night after a fire starts near union positions.
Battle of Bull's GapNovember 11, 1864November 11–13, 1864Tennessee
D
Confederate victory: Minor Confederate victory during U.S. Civil War.
Battle of GriswoldvilleNovember 22, 1864Georgia
B
Union victory: Sherman's march to the sea continued.
Battle of ColumbiaNovember 24, 1864Tennessee
C
Confederate victory: Confederates divert attention.
Battle of Buck Head CreekNovember 28, 1864Georgia
C
Union victory:
Battle of Spring HillNovember 29, 1864Tennessee
B
Union victory: Confederate mistakes allow Federal forces to redeploy, leading to the Battle of Franklin.
Sand Creek massacreNovember 29, 1864Colorado
(Colorado Territory
at the time)
B
* Colorado War: U.S. forces massacre Cheyenne and Arapaho.
Battle of Honey HillNovember 30, 1864South Carolina
C
Confederate victory: The third battle of Sherman's March to the Sea was a failed Union Army expedition under Maj. Gen. John P. Hatch that attempted to cut off the Charleston and Savannah Railroad in support of Sherman's projected arrival in Savannah.
Battle of Franklin (1864)November 30, 1864Tennessee
A
Union victory: Hood attacks Schofield but suffers crushing losses; Pickett's Charge of the West.
Battle of Waynesboro, GeorgiaDecember 4, 1864Georgia
C
Union victory: Kilpatrick stops Wheeler from attacking Sherman.
Third Battle of MurfreesboroDecember 5, 1864December 5–7, 1864Tennessee
D
Union victory: Confederate raid mostly unsuccessful.
First Battle of Fort FisherDecember 7, 1864December 7–27, 1864North Carolina
C
Confederate victory: Failed Union attempt to take fort.
Second Battle of Fort McAllisterDecember 13, 1864Georgia
B
Union victory:
Battle of NashvilleDecember 15, 1864December 15–16, 1864Tennessee
A
Union victory: Thomas attacks and virtually destroys Hood's Confederate Army of Tennessee.
Battle of MarionDecember 17, 1864December 17–18, 1864Virginia
D
Union victory:
Second Battle of SaltvilleDecember 20, 1864December 20–21, 1864Virginia
C
Union victory: Confederate forces retreated, and General George Stoneman's troops entered the town and destroyed the saltworks.
Second Battle of Fort FisherJanuary 13, 1865January 13–15, 1865North Carolina
A
Union victory: Union takes fort.
Battle of Rivers' BridgeFebruary 3, 1865South Carolina
D
Union victory: Union forces capture river crossing.
Battle of Hatcher's RunFebruary 5, 1865February 5–7, 1865Virginia
B
Union victory: Union force launch unexpected attack.
Battle of Wilmington (North Carolina)February 22, 1865North Carolina
D
Union victory: Last Confederate port falls.
Battle of Waynesboro, VirginiaMarch 2, 1865Virginia
B
Union victory: Remnants of Confederate Army of the Valley are destroyed.
Battle of Natural BridgeMarch 6, 1865Florida
C
Confederate victory: Confederate victory in Florida prevents the capture of Tallahassee.
Battle of Wyse ForkMarch 7, 1865March 7–10, 1865North Carolina
D
Union victory: Confederate attacks repelled by Union artillery.
Battle of Monroe's Cross RoadsMarch 10, 1865North Carolina
D
Inconclusive:
Battle of AverasboroughMarch 16, 1865North Carolina
C
Inconclusive: Union and Confederate forces attack one another in turn, both attacks fail.
Battle of BentonvilleMarch 19, 1865March 19–21, 1865North Carolina
A
Union victory: Sherman defeats Confederates
Battle of Fort StedmanMarch 25, 1865Virginia
A
Union victory: Lee attempts to break siege.
Battle of Spanish FortMarch 27, 1865March 27 – April 8, 1865Alabama
B
Union victory: Union forces capture fort just east of Mobile.
Battle of Lewis's FarmMarch 29, 1865Virginia
C
Union victory: Union forces capture Confederate earthworks.
Battle of White Oak RoadMarch 31, 1865Virginia
B
Union victory: Confederate forces under Richard H. Anderson defeated.
Battle of Dinwiddie Court HouseMarch 31, 1865Virginia
C
Confederate victory: Pickett defeats Sheridan.
Battle of Five ForksApril 1, 1865Virginia
A
Union victory: Sheridan routs Confederates.
Battle of SelmaApril 2, 1865Alabama
B
Union victory: Wilson defeats Forrest.
Third Battle of PetersburgApril 2, 1865Virginia
A
Union victory: Grant defeats Lee.
Battle of Sutherland's StationApril 2, 1865Virginia
C
Union victory: Lee's supply lines are cut.
Battle of Fort BlakelyApril 2, 1865April 2–9, 1865Alabama
A
Union victory: Union forces capture fort outside of Mobile.
Battle of Namozine ChurchApril 3, 1865Virginia
D
Confederate victory: Several Confederates captured, Custer's brother earns Medal of Honor.
Battle of Amelia SpringsApril 5, 1865Virginia
C
Inconclusive:
Battle of Rice's StationApril 6, 1865Virginia
D
Union victory:
Battle of Sayler's Creek
(or Sailor's Creek)
April 6, 1865Virginia
B
Union victory: Lee realizes his army is on the verge of defeat.
Battle of High BridgeApril 6, 1865April 6–7, 1865Virginia
C
Inconclusive: Union forces thwart Lee's attempts to burn bridges and to resupply, Grant proposes that Lee surrender, but he refuses.
Battle of Cumberland ChurchApril 7, 1865Virginia
C
Confederate victory: Union forces attack Confederate rearguard, but darkness cuts the attack short.
Battle of Appomattox StationApril 8, 1865Virginia
B
Union victory: Union forces thwart Lee's final attempt to resupply.
Battle of Appomattox Court HouseApril 9, 1865Virginia
A
Union victory: Lee's forces surrounded. He subsequently surrenders.
Battle of Palmito RanchMay 12, 1865May 12–13, 1865Texas
D
Confederate victory: Confederate victory in Texas during final phases of the Civil War.

Other USA/CSA battles[edit]

Other non-Indian wars battles and skirmishes not rated by CWSAC.

BattleDateStateOutcome
Battle of Gloucester PointMay 7, 1861VirginiaInconclusive: Earliest exchange of gunfire between the Union Navy and organized Rebel forces after the surrender of Fort Sumter
Battle of Pig PointJune 5, 1861VirginiaConfederate victory: Early skirmish between Union gunboat USS Harriet Lane and a shore battery and rifle company of CSA defenders at Pig Point in Portsmouth, Virginia near Hampton Roads, Virginia.
Battle of Cole CampJune 19, 1861MissouriConfederate victory: Pro-Confederate Missouri State Guard defeat pro-Union Missouri Home Guard at Cole Camp
Battle of Mathias PointJune 27, 1861VirginiaConfederate victory: Confederates repulse the Union attack and kill Commander James H. Ward of the Union Potomac Flotilla, the first Union Navy officer killed during the Civil War.
Battle of Corrick's FordJuly 13, 1861West Virginia
(Virginia
at the time)[A]
Union victory: Confederate Brig. Gen. Robert S. Garnett is the first general killed in the Civil War.
First Battle of MesillaJuly 25, 1861New Mexico
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
Confederate victory: Confederate victory secures the southern part of the New Mexico Territory for the CSA.
Battle of AthensAugust 5, 1861MissouriUnion victory: Union victory in small skirmish in Missouri
Battle of Charleston (1861) (Missouri)August 19, 1861MissouriUnion victory: Union force destroys Confederate camp.
Battle of Canada AlamosaSeptember 24, 1861 September 24–25, 1861New Mexico
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
Confederate victory: One of several small cavalry skirmishs in Confederate Arizona near the border with Union New Mexico Territory.
Battle of Cockle CreekOctober 5, 1861VirginiaUnion victory: ends Confederate smuggling up the Chincoteague Bay.
Battle of the Head of PassesOctober 12, 1861LouisianaConfederate victory: Naval forces square-off at the mouth of the Mississippi River.
Battle of Port RoyalNovember 7, 1861South CarolinaUnion victory: Union fleet under S. F. Du Pont capture Confederate forts at Hilton Head, South Carolina.
Skirmish at Blackwater CreekDecember 19, 1861MissouriUnion victory: Union forces under General Pope capture a newly recruited Missouri State Guard regiment.
Battle of Elizabeth CityFebruary 10, 1862North CarolinaUnion victory: Destruction of the Mosquito Fleet.
Stanwix StationMarch 30, 1862Arizona
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
Union victory: Westernmost skirmish of the war.
Battle of PeraltaApril 14, 1862New Mexico
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
Union victory: Union forces defeat the 5th Texas Mounted Volunteers.
Battle of Picacho PassApril 15, 1862Arizona
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
Confederate victory: Confederate pickets defeat Union cavalry patrol.
Battle of Whitney's LaneMay 19, 1862ArkansasUnion victory: Union campaign towards Little Rock, Arkansas halted.
Capture of Tucson (1862)May 20, 1862Arizona
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
Union victory: A Union force of 2,000 took the city from ten Tucson militiamen without a shot fired.
Battle of Compton's FerryAugust 11, 1862MissouriUnion victory:
Battle of Charleston (1862)September 13, 1862West Virginia
(Virginia
at the time)[A]
Confederate victory: Confederate troops occupy Charleston during Kanawha Valley offensive.
Battle of Crampton's GapSeptember 14, 1862MarylandUnion victory: Union broke the Confederate line and drove through the gap. Confederates were strategically successful in stalling the Union advance and protecting the rear of their forces engaged at Harpers Ferry.
Battle of PocotaligoOctober 22, 1862South CarolinaConfederate victory: Union troops repulsed after minimally damaging the Charleston & Savannah railroad.
Skirmish at Island MoundOctober 27, 1862October 27–29, 1862MissouriUnion victory:
Yazoo Pass ExpeditionFebruary 3, 1863February 3 –
April 12, 1863
MississippiConfederate victory: Elaborate amphibious Union flanking maneuver is thwarted by Confederates at Fort Pemberton during the Vicksburg campaign.
Battle of Portland HarborJune 27, 1863MaineUnion victory: Naval engagement.
Battle of Sporting HillJune 30, 1863PennsylvaniaInconclusive: Small skirmish during the Gettysburg Campaign was the northernmost engagement of Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia during the Civil War.
Battle of CarlisleJuly 1, 1863PennsylvaniaInconclusive: Small, but strategically important skirmish during the Gettysburg Campaign.
Battle of HunterstownJuly 2, 1863PennsylvaniaInconclusive: Minor cavalry engagement during the Gettysburg Campaign
Battle of FairfieldJuly 3, 1863PennsylvaniaConfederate victory: Cavalry engagement during the Gettysburg Campaign secured the important Hagerstown Road.
Jackson ExpeditionJuly 5, 1863July 5–25, 1863MississippiUnion victory: Forces under General William T. Sherman clear General Joseph E. Johnston's relief effort from the Vicksburg area.
Battle of FunkstownJuly 10, 1863MarylandInconclusive: Action during Lee's retreat to Virginia after the Battle of Gettysburg.
Draft RiotsJuly 13, 1863July 13–16, 1863New York
Battle of Bayou Meto (Battle of Reed's Bridge)August 27, 1863ArkansasConfederate Victory: Confederate forces delay the Union advance on Little Rock.
Battle of Bayou BourbeuxNovember 3, 1863LouisianaConfederate victory: Confederate District of Western Louisiana troops attack the isolated rear guard during Union withdrawal from Opelousas.
Battle of LaredoMarch 18, 1864TexasConfederate victory: Union force sent to destroy 05,000 bales of cotton
Battle of SalyersvilleApril 13, 1864April 13–14, 1864KentuckyUnion victory: Confederates were driven into Salyersville with heavy losses.
Battle of Cherbourg (1864)
(Sinking of CSS Alabama)
June 19, 1864(Naval engagement)Union victory: USS Kearsarge sinks CSS Alabama
Battle of Camden PointJuly 13, 1864MissouriUnion victory:
Battle of Brown's MillJuly 30, 1864GeorgiaConfederate victory: cavalry engagement during Atlanta campaign
Battle of Fort SmithJuly 31, 1864ArkansasUnion victory: Federal troops maintain control of western Arkansas
Battle of GainesvilleAugust 17, 1864FloridaConfederate victory:
Battle of Sulphur Creek TrestleSeptember 23, 1864September 23–25, 1864AlabamaConfederate victory: Raid to disrupt Sherman's supply line
Battle of MariannaSeptember 27, 1864FloridaUnion victory: Cavalry raid into Florida panhandle.
St. Albans raidOctober 19, 1864VermontConfederate victory: Northernmost land action of the American Civil War
Battle of Anthony's Hill (Battle of King's Hill)December 24, 1864TennesseeConfederate victory: Forrest turns back Union pursuers after the Battle of Nashville.
Battle of Broxton BridgeFebruary 2, 1865South Carolina[2]
Battle of Fort MyersFebruary 20, 1865FloridaUnion victory: Southernmost land battle of the war.
Battle of MorrisvilleApril 13, 1865April 13–15, 1865North CarolinaUnion victory: Last cavalry battle of the War.
Battle of West PointApril 16, 1865GeorgiaUnion victory: Union victory during final phase of U.S. Civil War.
Battle of Columbus (1865) (Battle of Girard)April 16, 1865GeorgiaUnion victory: during final phase of war.
Battle of AndersonMay 1, 1865South CarolinaInconclusive: Minor skirmish.
Battle of Crooked Creek in Cullman County, AlabamasortkeyAlabama
Battle of AikensortkeySouth Carolina

Other battles in the Indian Wars[edit]

Other battles and skirmishes, not rated by CWSAC, of the Indian Wars between either USA or CSA forces and the Apache, Arapaho, Cheyenne, Comanche, Dakota, Kiowa, Navajo, and Shoshone which occurred during the American Civil War – including: the Apache Wars, Colorado War, Dakota War of 1862, and Navajo Wars.

BattleDateStateOutcome
Siege of TubacAugust, 1861Arizona
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
Apache victory. Confederate militia and townspeople flee to Tucson.
First Battle of Dragoon SpringsMay 5, 1862Arizona
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
Apache victory. Westernmost Confederate battle fatalities.
Second Battle of Dragoon SpringsMay 9, 1862Arizona
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
Confederate victory. Livestock recaptured.
Battle of Apache PassJuly 15, 1862July 15–16, 1862Arizona
(New Mexico Territory
at the time)
Apache Wars: Union soldiers fight with Apache warriors.
Battles of New UlmAugust 19, 1862August 19 and 23, 1862MinnesotaDakota War of 1862: Two battles in the Dakota War of 1862.
Battle of Birch CouleeSeptember 2, 1862MinnesotaDakota War of 1862: Worst defeat of Union forces during the Dakota War of 1862.
Battle of Canyon de ChellyJanuary 12, 1864January 12–14, 1864Arizona
(Arizona Territory
at the time)
US victory
First Battle of Adobe WallsNovember 25, 1864TexasAmerican Indian Wars: Kit Carson fights Kiowa forces to a draw, but manages to destroy their settlement.
Battle of Dove CreekJanuary 8, 1865TexasKickapoo victory: Texas State Militia and CS troops are defeated by Kickapoo Indians.
Battle of Fort BuchananFebruary 17, 1865Arizona
(Arizona Territory
at the time)
Apache victory. Fort Buchanan destroyed.

Troop engagements[edit]

This is a chronological summary and record of every engagement between the troops of the Union and of the Confederacy, showing the total losses and casualties in each engagement. It was collated and compiled from the Official Records of the War Department.

This summary has been divided by year:

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n On June 19, 1861, at the Second Wheeling Convention, delegates from western Virginia formed the Unionist "Restored government of Virginia" in Wheeling opposed to the secessionist government in Richmond.[3] West Virginia became the 35th state in the Union on June 20, 1863.[4][5]
  2. ^ Arizona Territory (USA) was split from New Mexico Territory on February 24, 1863. The geographically different Arizona Territory (CSA), known as Confederate Arizona, was officially declared on August 1, 1861.

References[edit]

  1. ^ CWSAC Report
  2. ^ Durgan, Jerry (March 8, 2011). "Last stand: Battle for Broxton Bridge reenactment draws hundreds of students, spectators". The Times and Democrat (Orangeburg, SC). Retrieved October 28, 2011. 
  3. ^ "First Session of the Second Wheeling Convention". State of West Virginia Division of Culture and History. Retrieved May 19, 2011. 
  4. ^ Lincoln, Abraham. "Statehood Proclamation". State of West Virginia Division of Culture and History. Retrieved May 19, 2011. 
  5. ^ "West Virginians Approve the Willey Amendment". State of West Virginia Division of Culture and History. Retrieved May 19, 2011. 

Sources[edit]

  • Lossing, Benson J., LL.D. A History of the Civil War 1861–65: And the Causes that Led Up to the Great Conflict. New York: The War Memorial Association, 1912.