Adaptations of A Christmas Carol

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A Christmas Carol is a novella by Charles Dickens, one of the most famous books he ever wrote. It is the story of Ebenezer Scrooge, a greedy miser who hates Christmas, and how he is transformed into a caring, kindly person through the visitations of four ghosts. Since its first publication in 1843, it has been adapted many times: for theatre, film, television, radio, and opera.


Public readings[edit]

The novel was the subject of Dickens' first public reading, given in Birmingham Town Hall to the Industrial and Literary Institute on 27 December 1852. This was repeated three days later to an audience of 'working people', and was a great success by his own account and that of newspapers of the time. Over the years Dickens edited the piece down and adapted it for a listening, rather than reading, audience. Excerpts from 'A Christmas Carol' remained part of Dickens' public readings until his death.

Entertainer Mike Randall, in character as Dickens, has a touring show in which he performs the public readings as Dickens did during his lifetime.


Throughout the late nineteenth century, and into the early years of the twentieth, British actor Seymour Hicks toured England with his own non-musical adaptation of the story, in which he played Scrooge.



Replica tombstone from the 1984 adaptation, still in situ at St Chad's Church, Shrewsbury, 2008

Between 1944 and 1956, most television versions of the story were staged live.

None of the later versions were done live, but were either shot on videotape or filmed. They include:




Graphic novel[edit]


Pastiches, continuations, and other uses[edit]

The basic plot of A Christmas Carol has been put to a variety of different literary and dramatic uses since Dickens' death.


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  2. ^ Philip Fisher (2005). "Reviews: A Christmas Carol (Albery Theatre)". The British Theatre Guide. Retrieved 2009-02-19. 
  3. ^ "One man takes on Dickens classic". Retrieved 2013-05-19. 
  4. ^ "OBSP's A Christmas Carol (2010)". 
  5. ^ "The Pantaloons official website". 
  6. ^ "Triad Stage's A Christmas Carol (2010)". 
  7. ^ "3 Ghosts Tickets and Showtimes". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-05-19. 
  8. ^ "PiPe Dream Theatre official website". 
  9. ^ "A Christmas Carol Musical". Retrieved 2013-05-19. 
  10. ^ a b c d e f Andrews, Dale (24 December 2013). "Dickens' A Christmas Carol – at the Movies". Literary History. St. Louis: SleuthSayers. 
  11. ^ Scrooge (1935) at the Internet Movie Database
  12. ^ "Critics' Picks: 'A Christmas Carol' - Video". The New York Times. Retrieved 2013-05-19. 
  13. ^ "Tiny Tim Comes to Television", New York Times, Dec. 24, 1944, p. 35.
  14. ^ IMDB entry
  15. ^
  16. ^ A Christmas Carol (1970) (TV) at the Internet Movie Database
  17. ^ A Christmas Carol (1977) (TV) at the Internet Movie Database
  18. ^ The Stingiest Man in Town at the Internet Movie Database
  19. ^ Bayard, Louis (2009-12-24). "The Best "Christmas Carol" Ever". Retrieved 30 November 2012. 
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  21. ^ "A Guide to Christmas Carol Adaptations". January 16, 2010. 
  22. ^ A Sesame Street Christmas Carol at the Internet Movie Database
  23. ^ "On the Air Today", The Washington Post, Dec. 25, 1934, p. 21. "Nash-LaFayette Radio Program" (advertisement), New York Times, Dec. 25, 1934, p. 32.
  24. ^ Lionel Collapses, But a Barrymore Acts as 'Scrooge'", The Washington Post, Dec. 26, 1936, p. X1.
  25. ^ "Listen! with Glyn" (advertisement), The Washington Post, Dec. 20, 1940, p. 36.
  26. ^ "You Don't Play Scrooge You Just Ain't Workin'", The Washington Post, Dec. 23, 1953, p. 46.
  27. ^ "Basil". 1952-03-23. Retrieved 2010-08-23. 
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  32. ^ 09:30 - 09:45 (2008-12-26). "Radio 4 Programmes – Book at Bedtime: A Christmas Carol". BBC. Retrieved 2010-08-23. 
  33. ^ "Christmas Carol & Mr Pickwick's Christmas: Charles Dickens, Hanns Eisler, Victor Young, Ronald Colman, Charles Laughton: Music". Retrieved 2010-08-23. 
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  36. ^ "Caedmon Records version". [dead link]
  37. ^ "A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens". Retrieved 2013-05-19. 
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  39. ^ Dickens, Charles, and Jim Dale. A Christmas Carol. New York: Random House/Listening Library, 2003. ISBN 978-1-4000-8603-0
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  41. ^ "A Christmas Carol – Thea Musgrave, composer". 1981-12-16. Retrieved 2010-08-23. 
  42. ^ An American Christmas Carol at the Internet Movie Database
  43. ^ Skinflint: A Country Christmas Carol at the Internet Movie Database
  44. ^ "A Jetson Christmas Carol " at the Internet Movie Database
  45. ^ "Ebenezer Sanford (#5.12)" at the Internet Movie Database
  46. ^ "Christmas Carol II the Sequel" at the Internet Movie Database
  47. ^ ""Scrooge Blues" and "Not So Tiny Tim"". 
  48. ^ "Scrooge Blues". 
  49. ^ a b Belkin, Douglas (2010-12-18), "BaQa'—or Is It Humbug? Aliens Attack a Holiday Classic", The Wall Street Journal (New York, NY, U.S.A.: Dow Jones & Company), OCLC 0099-9660, archived from the original on 2010-12-19, retrieved 2010-12-19, "The arc of "A Klingon Christmas Carol" follows the familiar Dickens script: An old miser is visited on a hallowed night by three ghosts who shepherd him through a voyage of self-discovery. The narrative has been rejiggered to match the Klingon world view." 
  50. ^ Klingon Christmas Carol brought to the stage, The Telegraph, 2010-12-21, accessed 2010-12-23.
  51. ^ "OBSP's A Christmas Carol (2010)". 
  52. ^ Boedeker, Hal (October 18, 2013). "Is Kelly Clarkson playing Scrooge for NBC?". Orlando Sentinel (Tribune Company). Retrieved October 26, 2013. 

Further reading[edit]