Lisbon Portela Airport

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Lisbon Portela Airport
Aeroporto da Portela
Ana topo logo lisboa.jpg
Airport Lisbon a.JPG
Airport typePublic
OwnerGovernment of Portugal
OperatorANA – Aeroportos de Portugal, SA
LocationPortela de Sacavém
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL114 m / 374 ft
Coordinates38°46′27″N 009°08′03″W / 38.77417°N 9.13417°W / 38.77417; -9.13417Coordinates: 38°46′27″N 009°08′03″W / 38.77417°N 9.13417°W / 38.77417; -9.13417
LPPT is located in Portugal
Location within Portugal
Statistics (2013)
Aircraft Movements146,361
Source: Portuguese AIP[1]
Jump to: navigation, search
Lisbon Portela Airport
Aeroporto da Portela
Ana topo logo lisboa.jpg
Airport Lisbon a.JPG
Airport typePublic
OwnerGovernment of Portugal
OperatorANA – Aeroportos de Portugal, SA
LocationPortela de Sacavém
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL114 m / 374 ft
Coordinates38°46′27″N 009°08′03″W / 38.77417°N 9.13417°W / 38.77417; -9.13417Coordinates: 38°46′27″N 009°08′03″W / 38.77417°N 9.13417°W / 38.77417; -9.13417
LPPT is located in Portugal
Location within Portugal
Statistics (2013)
Aircraft Movements146,361
Source: Portuguese AIP[1]

Lisbon Portela Airport, also known as Lisbon Airport (IATA: LISICAO: LPPT), is an international airport located in the city of Lisbon, the capital of Portugal. In Portuguese, it is called Aeroporto de Lisboa, Aeroporto da Portela, or Aeroporto da Portela de Sacavém. It takes its name from the neighbouring parish (freguesia) of Portela in Loures Municipality, formerly known as Portela de Sacavém.

The airport is the main international gateway to Portugal and a major European hub. It is one of the largest and best equipped airports in Western Europe for maintenance,[2] navigation and air traffic control,[3] and passenger service, having been nominated as Europe's Leading Airport for five consecutive years in the World Travel Awards.[4] In 2012, the airport handled 15.3 million passengers[5] and 93,871 tonnes of cargo (2010).[6]

The airport is the main hub of TAP Portugal and its subsidiary Portugália, a focus city for easyJet and SATA International and also the base for charter airlines euroAtlantic Airways, Hi Fly and White Airways. The airport is run by ANA – Aeroportos de Portugal which has been concessioned to the French group Vinci Airports in February 2013.[7]


Partial view of the apron for terminal 1 at Lisbon Airport
Arrivals area at Lisbon Airport

The airport opened on 15 October 1942 during the Second World War. As a neutral airport it was open to both German and British airlines, it was a hub for smuggling people into, out of and all around Europe, as widely referenced in the classic film Casablanca, whose plot revolved around an escape attempt to Lisbon airport. As such, it was heavily monitored by both Axis and Allied spies. Although Portugal was neutral, the airport was used by allied flights en route to Gibraltar, North Africa and Cairo.[8]

At the end of the war the airport developed quickly and by 1946 was used by major airlines like Air France, British European Airways, Iberia, KLM, Sabena, Pan Am and Trans World Airlines and by 1954 the number of passengers had reached 100,000.[8]

A 1951–52 airport diagram[9] shows four runways at 45-deg angles: 1350-m runway 5, 1024-m rwy 9, 1203-m rwy 14, and 1170-m rwy 18. Runways 5 and 36 were each being extended northward to become 1999 m.

A major upgrade in 1959–62 included a new runway capable of taking the first generation jets, Boeing 707 and Douglas DC-8.[8] The first jet aircraft movement was an Air France Caravelle in 1960.[8] In 1962 runway 03/21 came into use, it was 3,130 m (10,270 ft) and would allow direct transatlantic flights.[8] The first direct flight to New York was operated by a TWA Boeing 707 who also operated the first Boeing 747 service in 1970.[8] When TAP ordered the 747, five large parking bays were built in 1972 and the terminal was enlarged.[8] A major upgrade to the buildings and facilities was started in 1983 and the first air bridges were added in 1991.[8]

Along with the airports in Beja, Porto, Faro, Flores, Santa Maria, Ponta Delgada and Horta, the airport's concessions to provide support to civil aviation was conceded to ANA Aeroportos de Portugal on 18 December 1998, under provisions of decree 404/98.[10] With this concession, ANA was also provided to the planning, development and construction of future infrastructures.[10]

Relocation Plans[edit]

The airport is now surrounded by urban development, being one of the few airports in Europe located inside a major city. This led to a national debate on whether to keep the present location or to build a new airport; the last option was chosen. Initially, Ota, a village 50 km (31 mi) north of Lisbon, was chosen as one of the sites for the new airport. In 2007 an independent study coordinated by the Portuguese Industry Confederation (CIP) suggested Alcochete as an alternative location (see Alcochete Airport). In Alcochete a military training facility currently occupies the site, but the military agreed to abandon the location provided it could transfer its facility to a different area. A second government-contracted study led by the National Laboratory of Civil Engineering (LNEC)[11] concluded in late 2007 that Alcochete was the best location.

The selection of Alcochete was announced on 10 January 2008, more than 35 years after the first capacity increase studies were initiated. Portuguese prime minister José Sócrates announced that Alcochete was the preliminary choice, to be finalised after public consultation.[12][13] The location of Alcochete as the construction site of the future Lisbon Airport was confirmed by the government on 8 May 2008,[14] but the contract was shelved as part of Portugal's cost-cutting measures, and completely dismissed from Portugal's transportation strategy plans in July 2013, with investment being concentrated on expanding and further improving the existing Lisbon Airport infrastructure.[15]

In November 2006, the company operating the airport, ANA – Aeroportos de Portugal, announced an expansion plan for some airport structures, in order to respond to current passenger traffic growth trends and full capacity use of the airport, originally intended to respond to growth until the new airport was to be finished in 2017. This plan involved the construction of Terminal 2 (concluded and operational since August 2007) and expansion of Terminal 1, with new boarding gates (concluded in 2011), a large new shopping and restaurant area, new airbridges and new parking positions and a more efficient use of currently existing structures and a new underground Metro de Lisboa station, inaugurated in July 2012.

Terminal 2 is used by 4 scheduled low-cost flight airlines for departures to European, North Atlantic islands and North African destinations, while Terminal 1 handles all arrivals and regular scheduled and chartered flights from most major European and North American air carriers. In October 2010, the European low cost airline easyJet officially opened a new base at Lisbon Airport, exclusively using Terminal 2 for departures to 20 destinations.[16] A free shuttle bus connects Terminal 1 Departures area and Terminal 2 every 10 minutes.[17]

Between 2007 and 2013 several improvements and expansions have been performed upon Lisbon Airport. These included the construction of Terminal 2 and lighting along with baggage claim refurbishment, all of which have been completed. Outstanding are the new cargo facilities, fuel storage, north pier and boarding lounge, north bus gate and baggage claim, enlargement of express cargo facilities, electrical refurbishments, expansion of south pier, departure lounge refurbishments and underground station and other terminal improvements.[18] As part of the definite solution for Lisbon Airport, in July 2013 a new commercial area was inaugurated in the Terminal 1 air side area, with 20 new stores and spacious naturally lighted internal circulation areas.[19]

With the long-term concession of ANA – Aeroportos de Portugal to the French group Vinci Airports[7] the project for a new airport was postponed in July 2013, and it was decided that the existing Lisbon Airport would be further upgraded to surpass 20 million passengers annually, and would remain the present solution for this major European gateway.[20]


Lisbon Airport has two runways, both served by parallel taxiways for higher traffic use, and capable of accommodating large-size aircraft such as the Boeing 747-400. The airport has zero visibility approach and landing capacity with ILS cat. III on runway 21 and extremely low visibility approach and landing ILS cat. II on runway 03.[21]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

A TACV Boeing 757-200 in Lisbon
An Air France A321 at Portela Airport
An easyjet A319 arriving in Lisbon
A Swiss A320 in Lisbon


Aer LingusDublin
Seasonal: Cork
Aigle AzurParis-Orly1
Air AlgerieAlgiers (begins 31 March 2014)1
Air Canada RougeSeasonal: Toronto-Pearson (begins 21 June 2014)1
Air EuropaMadrid1
Air Europa
operated by Privilege Style
Air FranceParis-Charles de Gaulle1
Air MéditerranéeParis-Charles de Gaulle
Seasonal: Lyon
Air MoldovaChișinău1
Air TransatToronto-Pearson
Seasonal: Montréal-Trudeau
Binter CanariasGran Canaria1
British AirwaysLondon-Heathrow1
Brussels AirlinesBrussels1
easyJetAmsterdam, Berlin-Schönefeld, Bilbao (ends 14 September 2014), Bordeaux, Bristol, Copenhagen, Edinburgh, Funchal, Liverpool, London-Gatwick, London-Luton, Luxembourg, Lyon, Madrid, Milan-Malpensa, Nice (begins 10 April 2014), Paris-Charles de Gaulle2
easyJet SwitzerlandBasel/Mulhouse, Geneva2
Seasonal: Stuttgart
IsrairSeasonal: Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion1
LufthansaFrankfurt, Munich1
LuxairLuxembourg (begins 31 March 2014)1
Norwegian Air ShuttleCopenhagen
Seasonal: Oslo-Gardermoen
Royal Air MarocCasablanca1
RyanairBeauvais, Brussels (begins 27 February 2014), Charleroi (ends 29 March 2014), Dublin (begins 1 April 2014),[22] Hahn, London-Stansted2
Scandinavian AirlinesSeasonal: Oslo-Gardermoen1
SATA InternationalBoston, Horta, Ponta Delgada, Santa Maria, Terceira, Toronto-Pearson
Seasonal: Gran Canaria, Montréal-Trudeau
Seasonal Charter: Cancún, Punta Cana, St Petersburg
STP Airways
operated by euroAtlantic Airways
São Tomé1
Sun d'Or International Airlines
operated by El Al
Seasonal: Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion2
Swiss International Air LinesGeneva (begins 11 April 2014), Zurich1
TAAG Angola AirlinesLuanda1
TACVGran Canaria, Praia, Sal, São Vicente
Seasonal: Boa Vista
TAP PortugalAccra, Amsterdam, Bamako, Barcelona, Belém (begins 3 June 2014), Belgrade (begins 1 July 2014), Belo Horizonte-Confins, Berlin-Schönefeld, Bissau (temporarily suspended),[23] Boa Vista, Bogotá (begins 1 July 2014), Bologna, Brasília, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Campinas, Caracas, Casablanca, Copenhagen, Dakar, Düsseldorf, Faro, Fortaleza, Frankfurt, Funchal, Geneva, Gothenburg-Landvetter (begins 2 July 2014), Hamburg, Hanover (begins 3 July 2014), Helsinki, Horta, London-Gatwick, London-Heathrow, Luanda, Luxembourg, Madrid, Manchester, Manaus (begins 3 June 2014), Maputo, Marrakech, Miami, Milan-Malpensa, Moscow-Domodedovo, Munich, Natal, Newark, Oslo-Gardermoen, Panama City (begins 1 July 2014), Paris-Orly, Pico Island, Ponta Delgada, Porto, Porto Alegre, Prague, Praia, Recife, Rio de Janeiro-Galeão, Rome-Fiumicino, Sal, Salvador, São Paulo-Guarulhos, São Tomé (begins 2 July 2014), São Vicente, Stockholm-Arlanda, Tallinn (begins 4 July 2014), Terceira, Venice-Marco Polo, Vienna, Warsaw-Chopin, Zagreb, Zurich
Seasonal: Porto Santo
TAP Portugal
operated by Portugália
A Coruña, Algiers, Barcelona, Bilbao, Bordeaux, Casablanca, Faro, Funchal, Luxembourg, Lyon, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Marrakech, Marseille, Nantes (begins 1 July 2014), Nice, Porto, Seville, Tangier, Toulouse, Valencia1
TAP Portugal
operated by White Airways
São Tomé (ends 27 June 2014)1
Transaero AirlinesMoscow-Vnukovo1
Transavia.comAmsterdam, Eindhoven2 FranceNantes, Paris-Orly2
Turkish AirlinesIstanbul-Atatürk1
Ukraine International AirlinesKiev-Boryspil1
United AirlinesNewark1
US AirwaysSeasonal: Charlotte (begins 23 May 2014),[24] Philadelphia1
VuelingBarcelona, Brussels (begins 1 May 2014), Paris-Orly1

Lisbon Portela Airport is located in Europe
Palma de Mallorca
A Coruna
Tel Aviv
European and North African destinations from Lisbon
Lisbon Portela Airport is located in Africa
São Tomé
Boa Vista
Tel Aviv
African and Middle Eastern destinations from Lisbon
Lisbon Portela Airport is located in South America
São Paulo
Rio de Janeiro
Porto Alegre
Belo Horizonte
Central and South American destinations from Lisbon
Lisbon Portela Airport is located in North America
Punta Cana
New York
Panama City
North American destinations from Lisbon

Lisbon Portela Airport is located in Madeira
Destinations in the Portuguese archipelago of Madeira
Destinations in the Portuguese archipelago of the Azores


DHL AviationLondon-Heathrow; Leipzig-Halle; Vitoria
Med Airlines MarocCasablanca, Tangier[25]
TNT AirwaysLiege


Busiest Routes from Lisbon-Portela Airport[26]
RankCountryCityPassengers (2011)Passengers (2010)ChangeCarriers
1FranceParis (Charles de Gaulle, Orly)1,195,9031,133,487Increase05.5%Aigle Azur, Air France, easyJet, Portugália Airlines, TAP Portugal
2SpainMadrid1,175,1711,170,306Increase00.4%Air Europa, easyJet, Iberia, Portugália Airlines, TAP Portugal
3United KingdomLondon (Gatwick, Heathrow, Luton)1,081,7041,024,500Increase05.6%British Airways, easyJet, Portugália Airlines, TAP Portugal
4PortugalFunchal811,589856,753Decrease06.3%easyJet, Portugália Airlines, SATA Internacional, TAP Portugal
5SpainBarcelona628,137507,936Increase023.7%easyJet, TAP Portugal, Vueling Airlines
6GermanyFrankfurt (International)550,175508,728Increase08.1%Lufthansa, TAP Portugal
7NetherlandsAmsterdam480,094436,485Increase010.0%KLM, TAP Portugal, Transavia
8ItalyRome (Fiumicino)413,482389,465Increase06.2%easyJet, TAP Portugal
9BelgiumBrussels (International)413,363385,757Increase07.2%Brussels Airlines, TAP Portugal
10PortugalPorto410,007438,980Decrease06.6%Portugália Airlines, TAP Portugal
11SwitzerlandGeneva407,408377,439Increase07.9%easyJet Switzerland, TAP Portugal
12ItalyMilan (Linate, Malpensa)379,142372,421Increase01.8%easyJet, TAP Portugal
13GermanyMunich361.182321,010Increase012.5%Lufthansa, TAP Portugal
14AngolaLuanda353,906345,806Increase02.3%TAAG, TAP Portugal
15BrazilSão Paulo (Guarulhos)331,074307,290Increase07.7%TAP Portugal
16PortugalPonta Delgada317,411338,558Decrease06.2%SATA Internacional, TAP Portugal
17SwitzerlandZurich308,377279,779Increase010.1%Swiss, TAP Portugal
18BrazilRio de Janeiro (Galeão)267,200260,232Increase02.7%TAP Portugal
19United StatesNew York (Newark)237,973226,089Increase05.5%Continental Airlines, TAP Portugal
20PortugalFaro185,798172,774Increase07.6%Portugália Airlines, TAP Portugal
21PortugalTerceira173,062174,388Decrease00.8%SATA Internacional, TAP Portugal
22BrazilFortaleza151,684150,537Increase00.8%TAP Portugal

Ground transportation[edit]

Lisbon airport has an underground Metro de Lisboa station at the Southern edge of the Terminal 1 arrivals area. The metro red line connects the city centre and the other three subway lines with the airport every 6 to 9 minutes, from 6:30 a.m. to 1:00 a.m.; the metro takes 16 minutes to reach the city centre and 5 minutes to Gare do Oriente train and bus station.

Preceding station Lisbon Metro Following station
Red LineTerminus

Carris city buses stop just outside Terminal 1 arrivals, with bus route 783 connecting to Marquis of Pombal Square, and Amoreiras and night route 208 (0:30 a.m.-5:35 a.m.) to downtown Baixa and Cais do Sodré train station and to Gare do Oriente train station. Two Aerobus routes prepared for travel luggage connect the airport with the downtown area and Cascais train line, Aerobus 1 to Cais do Sodré every 20 minutes between 7 a.m. and 1:20 a.m. Aerobus 2 connects to the financial district between 7:30 a.m. and 11 p.m. A bus stop on Av. de Berlim, 100m East of Terminal 1 is served by three Carris bus routes to various parts of the city: 705, 722 and 744.

Two bicycle paths connect the airport roundabout, situated 300m South of Terminal 1 to the city's 50 km cycle infrastructure network. One path heads West along Av. do Brasil to the Universidade de Lisboa campus, passing by the central neighbourhoods of Alvalade, Campo Grande and Entrecampos and connecting to paths to Telheiras, Colegio Militar, Benfica, and Monsanto Forest Park.

Another bicycle path heads East from the roundabout towards Olivais, Gare do Oriente train station and Parque das Nações Expo 98 site with riverside paths and the Caminho do Tejo pilgrimage trail to Fátima and Santiago de Compostela. Bicycle rentals are available in the Terminal 1 arrivals area from 8 a.m. to 10 p.m., next to the tourist information desk.[27]

Other facilities[edit]

TAP Portugal has a complex at Lisbon Airport.[28] The complex is 22.45 hectares (55.5 acres) large. In 1989 TAP became the owner of the complex due to a governmental decree.[29] TAP's head office is in Building 25.[30] The TAP subsidiary Serviços Portugueses de Handling, S.A. (SPdH) has its head office on the 6th floor of Building 25.[31] Sociedade de Gestão e Serviços, S.A. (TAPGER), another TAP subsidiary, has its head office on the 8th floor of the same building.[32] The TAP Museum is also a part of the complex.[28] Building 19 has the head office of Sociedade de Serviços e Engenharia Informática, S.A. (Megasis), a TAP information services subsidiary.[33][34] The TAP documentation and archive is in the annex of Building 19.[35] Building 34, on the far north side of the complex, houses the company's new data processing centre.[36]

ANA – Aeroportos de Portugal has its head office in Building 120.[37] Portugália has its head office in Building 70.[38]

The TAP catering subsidiary, Catering de Portugal, S.A. (CATERINGPOR), has its head office in Building 59.[39] Cuidados Integrados de Saúde, S.A. (UCS) is based out of Building 35.[40]

Accidents and incidents[edit]


  1. ^ AIP Part 3 – AD 2 Aerodromes
  2. ^ Tap Portugal. TAP Portugal.
  3. ^ LPPT – Lisboa.
  4. ^ Lisbon Airport — World Travel Awards.
  5. ^ Lisboa > The Airport > About the Airport > About the Airport.
  6. ^ ANA[dead link]
  7. ^ a b acquires ANA, concession company for Portuguese airports. VINCI Airports.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h Guy Zunino (May 2001). "Lisbon Portela Airport". Airliner World: pp.36–40. ISSN 1465-6337. 
  9. ^ Aviation Week 28 January 1952 p68
  10. ^ a b ANA Aeroportos: Relatório de Gestão e Contas (2011), Lisbon, Portugal: ANA Aeroportos de Portugal, SA, 2011, p. 1115, retrieved 2 January 2014 
  11. ^ LNEC study favouring Alcochete as the location for Lisbon's new airport, in portuguese.
  12. ^ Alcochete airport announcement, in portuguese[dead link]
  13. ^ Portugal's new Lisbon airport to be built in Alcochete for 4.9 bln eur – PM from Forbes online, 10 January 2008
  14. ^ Portal do Governo.
  15. ^ “O novo aeroporto de Lisboa é na Portela”, diz secretário de Estado dos Transportes – PÚBLICO. (17 July 2013).
  16. ^ Voos da TAP, Sata e AeroVip voltam ao Terminal 1 do Aeroporto de Lisboa.
  17. ^ Lisboa > Departures > Terminal 2 > Terminal 2.
  18. ^ Aeroportos de Portugal[dead link]
  19. ^ Lisbon Airport opens new commercial area. VINCI Airports.
  20. ^ Aeroporto de Lisboa com novo terminal e área comercial. (17 July 2013).
  21. ^ Aeroporto Lisboa Portela De Sacavem. (15 September 2010).
  22. ^ New route to DUB
  23. ^ TAP SUSPENDE OPERAÇÃO PARA BISSAU. (11 December 2013).
  24. ^ by JL (19 October 2013). "US Airways Expands Trans-Atlantic Service from Charlotte in S14; Airline Route – Worldwide Airline Route Updates". Retrieved 19 October 2013. 
  25. ^ Med Airlines. Med Airlines (15 September 2010).
  26. ^ Estatística De Tráfego Aéreo 2010[dead link]
  27. ^ BIKE. Rent-a-Stuff.
  28. ^ a b "The TAP Museum." TAP Portugal. Retrieved on 15 December 2011. Portuguese version
  29. ^ Gomes, Adelina and Inês Sequeira. Público. 19 December 2005. Retrieved on 15 December 2011. "Área do aeroporto de Lisboa vale 965 milhões de euros." "Em 1989, a companhia aérea tornou-se titular dos terrenos onde tem as suas instalações, devido a um decreto-lei em que o Governo cavaquista desanexou os 22,45 hectares do chamado "reduto TAP" do domínio público aeroportuário."
  30. ^ "Estatutos TAP." TAP Portugal. Retrieved on 23 February 2010. "A sede da sociedade é em Lisboa, no Edificio 25, no Aeroporto de Lisboa."
  31. ^ "2009 Annual Report." TAP Portugal. 90. Retrieved on 15 December 2011. "REGISTERED OFFICE Edifício 25-6°, Aeroporto de Lisboa 1704–801 Lisboa"
  32. ^ "2009 Annual Report." TAP Portugal. 92. Retrieved on 15 December 2011. "REGISTERED OFFICE Aeroporto de Lisboa Reduto TAP, Edifício 25 – 8° 1704–801 Lisboa"
  33. ^ "Annual Report 2010." TAP Portugal. 92. Retrieved on 15 December 2011. "Registered Office Aeroporto de Lisboa, Reduto TAP, Edifício 19"
  34. ^ "Contactos." Megasis. Retrieved on 15 December 2011. 1, 2, 3.
  35. ^ "Museum -> Schedule." TAP Portugal. Retrieved on 15 December 2011.
  36. ^ "Viagem ao novo Centro de Processamento de dado." Jornal TAP, TAP Portugal. December 2009, No. 72. p. 6. Retrieved on 15 December 2011. "Edifício 34, no extremo norte do reduto TAP. Uma construção aparentemente banal, de paredes frágeis. É essa a visão com que se depara, do exterior, o visitante do novo Centro de Processamento de Dados da empresa, o CPD2."
  37. ^ "Contacts." ANA – Aeroportos de Portugal. Retrieved on 9 September 2010.
  38. ^ "Contact Information." Portugália. Retrieved on 15 December 2011. "Aeroporto de Lisboa Rua C – Edifício 70 1749-078 Lisboa PORTUGAL" – See map
  39. ^ "2009 Annual Report." TAP Portugal. 95. Retrieved on 15 December 2011. "REGISTERED OFFICE Aeroporto de Lisboa Rua C, Edifício 59 1749–036 Lisboa"
  40. ^ "2009 Annual Report." TAP Portugal. 96. Retrieved on 15 December 2011. "Aeroporto de Lisboa Edifício 35 Apartado 8426 1804–001 Lisboa"
  41. ^ Accident description Pan Am Boeing 314. Aviation Safety Network
  42. ^ Accident description Air France Douglas C-47. Aviation Safety Network
  43. ^ Accident description Portuguese Air Force Douglas C-47. Aviation Safety Network

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the Air Force Historical Research Agency.

External links[edit]

Media related to Lisbon Portela Airport at Wikimedia Commons