Lisbon (film)

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Lisbon
Lisbon 1956 film poster.jpg
Theatrical poster
Directed byRay Milland
Produced by
Screenplay byJohn Tucker Battle
Story byMartin Rackin
Starring
Music byNelson Riddle
CinematographyJack A. Marta
Editing byRichard L. Van Enger
StudioRepublic Pictures
Release date(s)
  • August 17, 1956 (1956-08-17) (United States)
  • January 1, 1957 (1957-01-01) (Portugal)
Running time90 minutes
CountryUnited States
Portugal
LanguageEnglish
 
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Lisbon
Lisbon 1956 film poster.jpg
Theatrical poster
Directed byRay Milland
Produced by
Screenplay byJohn Tucker Battle
Story byMartin Rackin
Starring
Music byNelson Riddle
CinematographyJack A. Marta
Editing byRichard L. Van Enger
StudioRepublic Pictures
Release date(s)
  • August 17, 1956 (1956-08-17) (United States)
  • January 1, 1957 (1957-01-01) (Portugal)
Running time90 minutes
CountryUnited States
Portugal
LanguageEnglish

Lisbon is a 1956 American crime film produced and directed by Ray Milland and starring Milland, Maureen O'Hara, Claude Rains, Edward Chapman, and Jay Novello. An American smuggler based in Lisbon is hired to rescue a wealthy industrialist from behind the Iron Curtain.[1][2]

The film was shot on location in Lisbon, Portugal, in Trucolor and Naturama for Republic Pictures. Nelson Riddle's score included a version of "Lisbon Antigua" that had been a top charting song prior to the film's release.

Plot[edit source | edit]

The police inspector Fonseca is interested in two Lisbon men in particular, the wealthy and notorious criminal Mavros and an American suspected smuggler with a fast boat, Captain Evans.

A number of beautiful women work for Mavros, including a secretary, Maria, who came to him for help when she was destitute. A menacing and jealous servant, Serafim, is secretly in love with Maria, but the attraction is not mutual.

Sylvia Merrill, married to a much older millionaire, is tired of waiting for government officials to rescue her husband Lloyd, a prisoner behind the Iron Curtain. She offers a large sum of money to Mavros, who correctly surmises that Sylvia has an ulterior motive. If her husband dies without a will, it could take as long as seven years for her to inherit his wealth.

Evans is hired by Mavros to go after Lloyd in his boat. Having developed a romantic attraction to Maria, the American finds himself hated by Serafim, who attempts to kill him. Mavros gives his man permission to kill Evans during the rescue of Lloyd, and by now Sylvia is on board with the idea that Lloyd won't come back alive, either.

Evans manages to foil Serafim's plans and sees him fall to his death. Fonseca, having been tipped off by Maria, has an informer prepared to identify the smuggler, but to the policeman's surprise it is Mavros who is fingered as the culprit rather than Evans. A happy Maria has her man, while Sylvia is left with only a husband she has betrayed.

Cast[edit source | edit]

Production[edit source | edit]

Development[edit source | edit]

Lisbon was adapted from a short story by Martin Rackin.[3] Reportedly, Paramount Pictures bought the rights to the story in 1951 and Irving Asher was in charge of the production.[4] The topic of the film was sensitive under the Cold War perspective of the 1950s and there were initial concerns about how Paramount would deal with a story involving the Iron Curtain. Luigi Luraschi, Paramount's Head of Foreign & Domestic Censorship at the time, wrote a report to the CIA in January 1953 stating that "[Lisbon] could be messy if mishandled, but so far we have them thinking along the right track and this could be very useful to us. Shall watch very carefully."[5]

Irving Asher hired director Nicholas Ray and, in early 1953, Joan Crawford was in talks to star as main character Sylvia Merril. Eventually, after several rewrites, the project was shelved as Asher and Crawford weren't sure about the strength of the script.[6][7] Nicholas Ray and Joan Crawford went on to film the 1954 western Johnny Guitar.

Paramount then sold the rights to Republic Pictures and Herbert J. Yates hired Ray Milland for his second directorial effort and starring role in the film. Milland reportedly wanted A Man Alone co-star Mary Murphy for the female lead,[4] a part which ultimately went to Irish actress Maureen O'Hara. In her 2004 autobiography, 'Tis Herself: A Memoir, O'Hara wrote about her role in Lisbon: "For the first time in my career I got to play the villain, and Bette Davis was right – bitches are fun to play."[8]

Filming[edit source | edit]

Lisbon was entirely produced in the Portuguese capital city of Lisbon and its surrounding municipalities. It was considered the first Hollywood feature made in Portugal.[4] For interior shots, the production used the facilities at Tobis Studios. Exterior shots included many locations in Lisbon, among them the Belém Tower, Praça do Comércio, the Castle of São Jorge and the Jerónimos Monastery. Outside the capital, there were seaside scenes filmed in Cascais and a scene at the belvedere of the Seteais Palace, in Sintra.

Cinematographer Jack A. Marta filmed using the Naturama anamorphic widescreen lens system, a format developed by Republic Pictures in the 1950s. Color filming was achieved using the Trucolor process, developed in the 1940s by Consolidated Film Industries (a division of Republic Pictures). Variety stated that "Lisbon makes a colorful setting" and "Republic's anamorphic Naturama process and Trucolor go a long way towards visual impressiveness."[9]

Music[edit source | edit]

The song "Lisbon Antigua" was performed in the film by fado singer Anita Guerreiro, in a restaurant scene.

Release[edit source | edit]

Lisbon had its premiere in Los Angeles on August 15, 1956[10] followed by wide theatrical release on August 17, 1956.

For the home market, the film was released on VHS Cassette in the 1990s, bearing the tagline "After Casablanca they all came to... Lisbon."[11] As of 2011, no digital edition has yet been set for release.

Reception[edit source | edit]

Variety commented, "As a smooth, romantically-inclined American amusing himself with smuggling operations, [Ray Milland's] trouping comes off very well. As a production, the picture could have used a little sharper overseeing of story material" and concluded, "The starring foursome are quite glib and pleasing in the principal roles."[9]

See also[edit source | edit]

References[edit source | edit]

  1. ^ http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0049446/
  2. ^ http://ftvdb.bfi.org.uk/sift/title/40371
  3. ^ "Lisbon > Productions Credits". AllMovie. Retrieved February 12, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c "Lisbon (1956) - Notes". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved February 12, 2011. 
  5. ^ Eldridge, David N. ""Dear Owen": The CIA, Luigi Luraschi and Hollywood, 1953" (PDF). Historical Journal of Film, Radio and Television, Vol. 20, No. 2, 2000. p. 165. Retrieved February 12, 2011. 
  6. ^ Joan Crawford: Hollywood Martyr. Google Books. Retrieved February 12, 2011. 
  7. ^ "Joan Crawford Original Signed Contract Cancellation". WorthPoint Corporation. Retrieved February 12, 2011. 
  8. ^ O'Hara, Maureen; Nicoletti, John (2004). 'Tis Herself: A Memoir. Simon & Schuster. p. 241. ISBN 0-7432-4693-4. 
  9. ^ a b "Variety Reviews: Lisbon". Daily Variety. 1956. Retrieved February 12, 2011. 
  10. ^ "Lisbon (1956) - Overview". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved February 14, 2011. 
  11. ^ "Amazon.com: Lisbon (1956) VHS". Amazon. Retrieved February 14, 2011. 

External links[edit source | edit]