Lipa, Batangas

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Lipa
Lungsod ng Lipa
—  Component City  —
City of Lipa
Aerial View of Downtown Lipa

Seal
Nickname(s): Next Wave City; Little Rome of the Philippines; City of All Seasons; Coffee Capital of Asia[citation needed]
Location within Batangas Province
Lipa, Batangas is located in Philippines
Lipa
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 13°56′28″N 121°09′44″E / 13.94111°N 121.16222°E / 13.94111; 121.16222Coordinates: 13°56′28″N 121°09′44″E / 13.94111°N 121.16222°E / 13.94111; 121.16222
Country Philippines
RegionRegion IV-A CALABARZON
ProvinceBatangas
Congressional districtFourth
Founded1887
CityhoodJune 20, 1947
Barangays72
Government
 • MayorMeynardo A. Sabili
 • Vice MayorLydio A. Lopez, Jr.
 • Councilors
 • ABC PresidentMarlon M. Luancing
 • SK Federation PresidentChristian John Jessie B. Fonte
Area
 • Total209.4 km2 (80.8 sq mi)
Elevation312 m (1,025 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total287,170
 • Density1,136/km2 (2,940/sq mi)
Time zonePST (UTC+8)
ZIP code4217
Area code(s)43
Income ClassFirst Class
ClassificationComponent City; Agri-Urban
Websitewww.lipa.gov.ph
 
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Lipa
Lungsod ng Lipa
—  Component City  —
City of Lipa
Aerial View of Downtown Lipa

Seal
Nickname(s): Next Wave City; Little Rome of the Philippines; City of All Seasons; Coffee Capital of Asia[citation needed]
Location within Batangas Province
Lipa, Batangas is located in Philippines
Lipa
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 13°56′28″N 121°09′44″E / 13.94111°N 121.16222°E / 13.94111; 121.16222Coordinates: 13°56′28″N 121°09′44″E / 13.94111°N 121.16222°E / 13.94111; 121.16222
Country Philippines
RegionRegion IV-A CALABARZON
ProvinceBatangas
Congressional districtFourth
Founded1887
CityhoodJune 20, 1947
Barangays72
Government
 • MayorMeynardo A. Sabili
 • Vice MayorLydio A. Lopez, Jr.
 • Councilors
 • ABC PresidentMarlon M. Luancing
 • SK Federation PresidentChristian John Jessie B. Fonte
Area
 • Total209.4 km2 (80.8 sq mi)
Elevation312 m (1,025 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total287,170
 • Density1,136/km2 (2,940/sq mi)
Time zonePST (UTC+8)
ZIP code4217
Area code(s)43
Income ClassFirst Class
ClassificationComponent City; Agri-Urban
Websitewww.lipa.gov.ph

The City of Lipa (Filipino: Lungsod ng Lipa) /Li-pâ/ is a first class component city in the province of Batangas in the Philippines. It is one of the three cities in Batangas (the others are Batangas City and Tanauan).[1] It is located 78 kilometres (48 mi) south of Manila and, according to the 2007 census, has a population of 260,558 in 41,962 households. The city is in the center of Region IV, at the heart of Batangas Province.[2]

Lipa City is bounded by the town of Santo Tomas in the northeast, San Pablo City of Laguna and San Antonio, Quezon in the east, the municipalities of Padre Garcia and Rosario in the southeast, the municipalities of Ibaan and San Jose in the southwest, the municipalities of Cuenca and Mataas Na Kahoy and Taal Lake in the west and the municipalities of Balete and Malvar in the northwest. The city's location, in a valley between Mount Malarayat and Mount Makulot, makes it a low-risk area for natural disasters. These two mountains serve as a windbreak during typhoons. Mount Makulot, in the west, also served as shield during eruptions of the Taal Volcano.

The city is named after a species of tree in the Urticaceae family, Dendrocnide meyeniana, known for the stinging Trichomes on its twigs.

Lipa City is a recreational, religious, commercial, industrial and educational center. Attractions include the Hotel la Corona de Lipa, Nestle Philippines, Lipa City Science High School, Canossa Academy Lipa, De La Salle Lipa, Lipa City Colleges, AMA Lipa, the Nazareth School, the San Sebastian Cathedral (seat of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Lipa), The Mabini Academy (founded in 1922, the oldest school in Lipa City), the Carmelite convent, Robinson's Place (Lipa Mall), Mount Malarayat Golf and Country Club, Summit Point Golf and Country Club and SM City Lipa Mall. The city is also home to the Fernando Air Base, former headquarters of the Philippine Air Force's 100th Training Wing and Air Education and Training Command (AETC), known in military circles as the Baguio of the Armed Forces of the Philippines. The Southern Tagalog Arterial Road (STAR) and South Luzon Expressway (SLEX) provide access to Batangas City and Metro Manila.[3]

Contents

History

Datu Dumangsil and Balkasusa were the patriarchs of the ancestry of Lipa

The primal composition of the ancient settlement in the southeastern region of Bombon Lake were elements of the dispersed colonial families founded by Datus Dumangsil and Balkasusa in Taal, Batangas, between the 10th and 13th century AD. These pioneer settlers under the leadership of the fleeing Datu Puti, chief of state of the then mighty Sri-Vishayan Empire, purchased the lowlands from King Marikudo of the Mountain Province at his kingdom. The purchased lands consisted of Panay in the Visayas and the lowlands in Luzon including Batangas. The ten (10) Bornean Datus divided among themselves the purchased lands, the Batangas Bay were apportioned among the Dumangsil and Balkasusa Clans.

It is however subject to conjecture whether the pre-historic Negritos 12,000 to 15,000 years age or the much later waves of Indonesian and Malay seafarers from 5,000 to 300 B.C. were able to settle along the coasts of Batangas into the inner lake region of Taal which was accessible to navigation through the Pansipit River, thus, the possibility of miscegenetic marriages and cross culture among the aboriginal inhabitants, the old settlers and the latter Dumangsil and Balkasusa Clans. Or whether violent wars had been waged between old inhabitants and new colonizers is uncertain too, incontrovertible proofs being wanting.

Out of this Bornean Tribe of the Dumangsil and Balkasusa Clan was born the ancestry of Lipa and as later on their descendants spread out towards Laguna de Bay and Bicol Peninsula. The remains excavated from their ancient settlements in Butong, Taal, Calatagan Bay Area and Balayan attest to the fact of their presence in the said site at least in the latter part of the 12th century down to the coming of Goiti and Legaspi in Batangas in 1570. The flourishing trade relations between these early Batangueños with a number of Chinese merchants prior to the Spanish conquest explained the presence of hundreds of Chinese wares from potteries to stonewares and vases of Sung Dynasty period to the latter part of the 16th century, in the burial grounds at Calatagan sites of Pulung Bakaw, Kay Tomas, Pinagpatayan I and II at Butong, Taal Batangas.

By origin the early Lipeños were Buddhist in religion and Indian in civilization. As such the heritage of the Lipeños was the ancient eastern civilization of India which was twenty times older than its counterpart in Mesopotamia and Nile of the Western World. With its not infrequent contact with the Chinese traders, the Batangueños have absorbed and been influenced too by another giant and ancient civilization that of China herself. And with Spanish colonization of the Philippines and the Salcedo conquest of Batangas in 1572, the Lipeños were forced to embrace the Western Civilization. This is the reason why in Lipa, the east also meets the west.

At the coming of the Spaniards to Batangas in 1570, the Malay settlements along the southern shores of Taal Lake at Tagbakin was inhabited by the warlike descendants of the two (2) datus called the Tagalogs. In 1605, after Marshall Gabriel de Rivera received the encomienda of Bombon, the Augustinian Fathers made Tagbakin the first settlement of the Lipeños and a mission center with the name of San Sebastian, perhaps after the installed Patron Saint, which continued to the present. The settlement was made a regular municipality in 1702 and a regular parish in 1716 with Fray Diego de Alday as the first curate.

Stone mansions once filled Calle Real (now CM Recto Avenue)

With the eruption of Taal Volcano in 1724, the people moved to what is now “Lumang Lipa” and, again, in 1754, they moved to Balete where they settled for two years until 1756 when they moved inland to the present site obviously for more security from volcanic eruptions. When Don Galo de los Reyes was the governadorcillo of Lipa, he introduced the cultivation of coffee. The seeds of the Arabica species were said to be of two chupas brought in from Mexico by an Agustinian missionary. The coffee industry so flourished and made Lipa the richest municipality in the country with an annual income of P4,000,000.00 that on October 21, 1887 the Queen Regent Maria Christina of Spain, acting for the young King Alfonso XIII, elevated Lipa to a city known as “Villa de Lipa”, and later authorized to use a Coat-of Arms by the Royal Overseas Minister Don Victoria Bagner on December 13, 1887.

At the celebration of the elevation of Lipa to a city in January 1888, José Rizal was invited by Dr. Jose Lozada, Catalino Dimayuga and the brothers Celestino and Simeon Luz but Rizal responded only with his Hymno Al Trabajo which he dedicated to the zeal and industry of the Lipeños.

The raising of cacao was introduced in Lipa by an Augustinian priest, Father Ignacio de Mercado, and that was the beginning of its cultivation throughout the Philippines.

The Lipeños also engaged themselves in livestock raising and varied home crafts for men, and small industries, like weaving, embroidery and sewing for women. After World War II, citrus production prevailed until 1970 and, after its decline, about 1965, poultry and swine raising began to take roots and to thrive in no small degree until the present.

The first newspaper in Batangas, published in Spanish, was the Lumubog-Lumutang, printed in Lipa in 1889, and established by the well-known writers Cipriano Kalaw, Gregorio Katigbak, Benito Reyes, Hugo Latorre and Pedro Laygo. Other pioneer Spanish writers were Bernardo Solis, Catalino Dimayuga and Manuel Luz. During the revolution, Gregorio Aguilera Solis edited a newspaper Columnas Voluntas de la Federacion Malaya. This paper became the media for notable poems and literary works of Albino Dimayuga, Baldomero Roxas, Luis Lina Kison, Bernardo Solis, Benedicto Solis, Emiliano Manguiat and Petronio Katigbak. Roman Dimayuga wrote plays, while Pedro Laygo published articles on domestic and international politics and Tomas Umali on military affairs. Hispanistas during the American regime included national figures like Teodoro Kalaw, Fidel Reyes, Arsenio Luz, Max B. Solis, Enrique Laygo and Claro M. Recto. Lipeños also served in the Revolutionary Republic. These were Gregorio Aguilera who was delegate to the Malolos Congress; Ceferino Pantoja, also a member of that congress; Jose Lozada, as envoy to Washington, D.C. and Paris, and Cipriano Kalaw, the first vice-president and Treasurer of the Central Committee of Hong Kong.

In the field of education, Father Valerio Malabanan was foremost among Lipeños who established schools. Others were Sebastian Virrey, Jacinto Silva, Candido Lantin and Gregorio Katigbak. In 1894, Brigido Morada established his own school at his house in Mataas na Lupa. Under Father Valerio Malabanan were such well-known figures as Apolinario Mabini, General Miguel Malvar and Sotero Laurel. Sebastian Virrey countered with such former students as the brothers Alfonso and Claro M. Recto; Fidel and Carmelo Reyes; Teodoro and Maximo Kalaw; Pacifico, Jose and Enrique Laygo; and Manuel Luz Roxas, Jose D. Dimayuga, Bernabe Africa, Pablo Borbon, Potenciano Malvar, Leoncio Aranda and Bishop Alfredo Obviar.. The later school, perhaps marked for permanence by the enthusiastic patronage of its high standard maintained through the years since its founding in 1922 until the present, is the Mabini Academy established by Dr. Jose Ma. Katigbak, Randall A. Rowley, Tarcila Malabanan-Katigbak and Emilia Malabanan.

The first anniversary celebration of Lipa's conversion into a city circa 1947

The fact that Lipeños, even up to the present, are very religious, may be attributed to the fact that Fr. Benito Baras, who was Parish Priest ofLipa for almost three decades (1865–1894), has considered Villa de Lipa as his very own and had shown great paternal love for the Lipeños. He constructed the Parish Church (now Cathedral of the Lipa Archdiocese) and a new and bigger cemetery with a beautiful chapel. Without aid from the State, he constructed the bridge at Sabang and the road that served as a national highway to Manila and Laguna. The Lipa Parish, established in 1716, became a diocesan center in 1910, included the provinces of Batangas, Laguna, Tayabas (Quezon), Marinduque and Mindoro, with Msgr. Jose Petrelli as the first bishop. On August 15, 1972, the diocese was raised to an eccelesiastical province composed of Batangas province and the dioceses of Lucena, Infanta and Calapan, with Msgr Alejandro Olalia as the first Archbishop. On August 31, 1947, Lipa was inaugurated as a chartered City created under Republic Act No. 162 approved on June 20, 1947.

Government

Lipa City Hall

Vilma Santos, former Lipa City mayor (1998–2007), became the governor of Batangas in 2007 and former Congressman Oscar Gozos became mayor of Lipa. The vice mayor is Lydio Lopez, who is serving his second term. The Sangguniang Panglungsod is composed of the following councillors: Merlo P. Silva, Ralph Peter S. Umali, Dy Pang Lim, Ma. Concepcion R. Hernandez, Avior Rocafort, Aries Emmanuel Mendoza, Raul A. Montealto, Leonilo Catipon, Romy Macasaet III and Dominador Mauhay. The Sangguniang Kabataan (city Federation) president is Regine M. Mayo of Barangay Poblacion 6, and Capt. Renato V. Malleta of Barangay Poblacion 9A is president of the Association of Barangay Captains.

In the 2010 local elections, Gozos failed in his re-election bid to former Provincial Board Member Meynardo Sabili. However, Lopez was re-elected for a final term, and most of Gozos' councillors comprised the next Sangguniang Panglungsod on July 1, 2010. The Sangguniang Panglungsod is composed of the following councillors: Merlo P. Silva, Eric B. Africa, Ralph Peter S. Umali, Ma. Concepcion R. Hernandez, Avior R. Rocafort, Dy Pang Lim, Donato O. Linatoc, Dominador M. Mauhay, Raul A. Montealto, and Aries D. Macala. The Sangguniang Kabataan president is Christian John Jessie B. Fonte of Barangay 7, and Capt. Marlon M. Luancing of Barangay Antipolo Del Sur is president of the Association of Barangay Captains.

Current city officials (2010-2013)

Barangay Officials

BarangayPunong BarangaySK Chairman
AdyaJose H. CetronFatima C. Rivera
AnilaoMelencio S. CuencaCyrus Keans L. Samonte
Anilao-LabacArmando M. RecintoNaida B. Hosme
Antipolo del NorteJuan P. LatJanielee I. Hernandez
Antipolo del SurMarlon M. Luancing1Charmaine G. Gonzales
Bagong PookJaime P. DimaculanganBeverly B. De Chavez
BalintawakJoselito S. PagcaliwanaganElloiza Faye A. Villapando
BanaybanayRodolfo P. MendozaMary Viviene L. Pesigan
BolbokEdgardo A. MagsinoMichael John M. Catindig
Bugtong na PuloGrandy T. LantinMarlon R. Punzalan
BulacninConrado K. MoradaKervin L. Manzanero
BulaklakanTeresita I. MacasaetRex Paulo M Roceta
CalamiasAnnaliza V. VirreyJourlan O. Librea
CumbaPaulino V. QuerubinMa. Dolores Jell M. Garing
DagatanRosauro E. ReconJanine Kathryn M Garcia
DuhatanNilo I. Raz, Sr.May Anne G. Loyola
HalangJustino M. MartinezChariscel A. Rocafort
InoslubanPolicarpio G. OlanErickson C. Galagar
KayumanggiRomeo M. LalusinMa. Crisel D. Austria
LatagFilimon M CapistranoEdessa E. De Silva
LodlodCarmelo G LingaoSharmaine M. Landicho
LumbangEugenio R. CorderoAngela Loisse V. Dinglasan
MabiniSilvestre S. TenorioDino M. Icaro
MalagonlongEmiliano M. CatibogIreneo A. Tolentino
MalitlitRolando C. HernandezJerwin C Sabili
MarauoyMelchor R. OlanJasmin L. Abrenica
Mataas na LupaPablo V. LevitaCamille Danica G. Falamig
Munting PuloElena M. DijanBren Jeric B. Cañubas
Pagolingin BataDavid C. LalusinChristian John Jessie D. Catibog
Pagolingin EastCesar D. CatibogJunedale D. Beredo
Pagolingin WestMiguel M. LupacGlenn Krissttofer G. Selmo
PangaoRenato T. LatorreDarwin A. Mendoza
PinagkawitanFelix M. AtienzaJulius Roi M. Macala
PinagtongulanRuperto S. LatinaClarissa B. Macasaet
PlaridelAndres B. DelgadoAaron M. Dollopac
Poblacion 1Marcela M. HernandezLou Hazell G. Mayor
Poblacion 2Aida H. RodriguezRoxanne G. Victor
Poblacion 3Armando D. CornejoJaira Elsa H. Lescano
Poblacion 4Nestor C. ReyesPamela Rose T. Go
Poblacion 5Nestor L. MagnayeAram J. Magsino
Poblacion 6Richard Benedict S. UmaliYsrael G. Remo
Poblacion 7Merle G. AmanteChristian John Jesse B. Fonte2
Poblacion 8Augusto M. ManguiatUlta Medsar L. Oroña
Poblacion 9Achilles Constancio R. MayoMark Anthony M. Carreon
Poblacion 9-ARenato V. MalletaJenneca Ann M. Dimaano
Poblacion 10Jimmy L. GualbertoPamela Rose L. Del Rio
Poblacion 11Rolando L. UmaliLorenzo Danilo A. Mayo
PusilLolito C. VillasantaRaymart U. Tapire
QuezonRodolfo T. AlcanciaRaynard E. Silva
RizalFrancisco A. CaraosKarl Renzo A. Tabora
SabangWilfredo D. LescanoJhuvil A. Daez
SampaguitaPablito R. GaringFranz D. Lacorte
San BenitoReynaldo M. ObradorZoren R. Olave
San CarlosRicardo A. LajarcaChristine Gael C. Dy
San CelestinoRomel D. MalalauanDaisyre L. Lacorte
San FernandoMarcelino H. BitongOdrareg G. Pormento
San FranciscoNelson O. De SilvaArvin L. De Silva
San GuillermoRodelio T. FajutagFatima L. Fajutag
San Isidro (Sapac)Edgardo M. MoradaAldi M. Mendoza
San JoseBienvenido M. QuizonJoseph M. Salvacion
San LucasGerry A. MaralitJohn Dell M. Maralit
San SalvadorDanilo M. LalogMaridel G. Maranan
San Sebastian (Balagbag)Oscar Jonas G. Morada, Jr.Areanne G. Matencio
Santo NiñoJerry P. LeysaClifford M. Olaylo
Santo ToribioElpidio Q. LacortePrince M. Tagle
SicoJeffrey M. VillapandoMica Pauline M. Gammad
TalisayChona S. NovicioJohn Derrick S. Novicio
TamboRico E. RoceroPaul Xavier G. Luna
TangobAlipio Eldy R. SalesVon Francis R. Cabales
TanguayRandy B. MendozaGiovanni K. Mayor
TibigAlmario M. BarojaJohn Carlo C. Baroja
TipacanRaul K. RumarPrince Rusty B. Lalunio

1 - Association of Barangay Captains President
2 - Sangguniang Kabataan Federation President

Barangays

Lipa City is subdivided into 73 barangays; San Jose was formerly known as Patay.[4] In 1955, the sitios of Duhatan, Tagbakin, Initan, Malabong and Halang (then part of the Pinagtungolan barrio) became an independent barrio.[5] In 1957, the sitios of Waniwani, Sayatin and Look were moved from the Balete barrio to the barrio of Look.[6]

The barangays are:

  • Adya
  • Anilao
  • Anilao-Labac
  • Antipolo Del Norte
  • Antipolo Del Sur
  • Bagong Pook
  • Balintawak
  • Banaybanay
  • Bolbok
  • Bugtong na Pulo
  • Bulacnin
  • Bulaklakan
  • Calamias
  • Cumba
  • Dagatan
  • Duhatan
  • Halang
  • Inosluban
  • Kayumanggi
  • Labac
  • Latag
  • Lodlod
  • Lumbang
  • Mabini
  • Malagonlong
  • Malitlit
  • Marawoy
  • Mataas Na Lupa
  • Munting Pulo
  • Pagolingin Bata
  • Pagolingin East
  • Pagolingin West
  • Pangao
  • Pinagkawitan
  • Pinagtongulan
  • Plaridel
  • Poblacion Barangay 1
  • Poblacion Barangay 2
  • Poblacion Barangay 3
  • Poblacion Barangay 4
  • Poblacion Barangay 5
  • Poblacion Barangay 6
  • Poblacion Barangay 7
  • Poblacion Barangay 8
  • Poblacion Barangay 9
  • Poblacion Barangay 9-A
  • Poblacion Barangay 10
  • Poblacion Barangay 11
  • Poblacion Barangay 12
  • Pusil
  • Quezon
  • Rizal
  • Sabang
  • Sampaguita
  • San Benito
  • San Carlos
  • San Celestino
  • San Francisco
  • San Guillermo
  • San Isidro (formerly Sapac)
  • San Jose
  • San Lucas
  • San Salvador
  • San Sebastian (Balagbag)
  • Santo Niño
  • Santo Toribio
  • Sico
  • Talisay
  • Tambo
  • Tangob
  • Tanguay
  • Tibig
  • Tipacan
Mt. Malarayat Golf and Country Club

Geography and climate

Lipa covers an area of 20,940 hectares (209.4 km2) at an elevation of 1,025 feet (312 m) above sea level. Its climate is generally cool, except during typhoons and in summer. Lipa City's fishing area is located at Barangay Halang, in the west of the city; it is actually a portion of Taal Lake, which is connected to other municipalities (Cuenca, Mataas na Kahoy and Balete). The average yearly temperature is 23 degrees Celsius. The highest recorded temperature is 35.7, and the lowest recorded temperature is 16.4 degrees Celsius. Rainfall is sporadic during the year; it is dry from January to May, and wet from June to December.

Climate data for Lipa
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)30
(86)
31
(88)
33
(91)
34
(93)
34
(93)
32
(90)
31
(88)
31
(88)
31
(88)
33
(91)
31
(88)
30
(86)
32
(89.2)
Daily mean °C (°F)26.8
(80.2)
27.0
(80.6)
27.8
(82.0)
28.8
(83.8)
29.4
(84.9)
28.7
(83.7)
28.3
(82.9)
28.4
(83.1)
28.3
(82.9)
28.1
(82.6)
27.9
(82.2)
27.3
(81.1)
28.07
(82.52)
Average low °C (°F)23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
24
(75)
25
(77)
25
(77)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
24
(75)
23
(73)
23.8
(74.9)
Rainfall mm (inches)24
(0.94)
24
(0.94)
17
(0.67)
24
(0.94)
97
(3.82)
166
(6.54)
291
(11.46)
228
(8.98)
230
(9.06)
132
(5.2)
119
(4.69)
115
(4.53)
1,467
(57.76)
Source: World Weather Online[7]

Demographics

Population

Population of Lipa City
YearPop.±% p.a.
1995177,894
2000218,4474.11%
2007260,5682.52%
2011 (est.)287,1702.43%

According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 218,447 people in 41,962 households. The estimated population of the city is 287,170 in 2011.

Language

Tagalog is the most widely spoken language in the city. A mere percent of the population can still speak basic Spanish.English is the medium of instruction in schools and is widely understood and spoken especially in the business community and for all official documents.

Religion

99.5% of the total city population are Roman Catholics, and the Archdiocese of Lipa today comprises the civil province of Batangas. The Diocese of Lipa was formed on April 10, 1910 and covered other provinces such as Batangas, Laguna, Quezon, Marinduque and Mindoro with Most Reverend Joseph Petrelli, D.D. as the first bishop.

Currently, the archdiocese is divided into 6 vicariates, each headed by a vicar forane. Diocese clergy. There are 49 parishes in all, served by 143 priests. 122 are diocesan, 13 religious brothers, and 197 religious sisters. There are also 23 existing catholic schools, two high school seminaries, three college seminaries, and two pastoral centers. There are other Christian groups such as Protestant churches (Evangelicals, Born Again, Members Church of God International (MCGI), Kingdom of Jesus Christ), the Iglesia Ni Cristo (Church of Christ) and other non-Christian faiths (Islam, Buddhism.

Economy

Epson factory in Lipa

Lipa’s proximity to the country’s capital, Manila, having an approximate distance of 86 kilometers or an hour and half drive via the Southern Luzon Expressway enhances its strategic access to development trends. It is fast emerging as a key city in the province, becoming a major institutional/administrative center, medical center, commercial center, financial center, agro-industrial center and residential center.

It is identified as an ideal hub and center of the CALABARZON Agro-Industrial Region in the Regional Physical Framework Plan of Region IV-A. In the recent past, Lipa is being transformed from basically agricultural to a highly urbanizing area. A significant portion of the agricultural land area of the city has been converted to residential subdivisions, industrial area with the establishment of LIMA Technology Center utilizing lands in the city and Malvar Municipality. Recently, the influx of business process outsourcing (BPO) firms such as call centers have contributed much to the growth of the local economy. BPO sites are scattered throughout the city. It ranked 6th out of 10 in the Top 10 next wave cities of 2010 by the Commission of Information and Communication Technology (ICCT).

Infrastructure

Road networks

Claro M. Recto Avenue.

Lipa has an extensive road network. The city is a transportation hub for Batangas and nearby provinces.

Ayala Highway

Public transportation

Buses, vans, jeepneys and tricycles common means of transportation in the city. Large numbers of jeepneys ply their trade around the city, and are becoming the primary mode of transportation.A gran terminal is under construction inside the SM grounds.


Air

There are plans to convert the Basilio Fernando Airbase into an economic zone and international airport handling domestic flights and international cargo.

References

External links