Linfield F.C.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Linfield
Linfield.png
Full nameLinfield Football Club[1]
Nickname(s)The Blues
FoundedMarch 1886; 128 years ago
(as Linfield Athletic Club)[1]
GroundWindsor Park, Belfast
Ground Capacity10,000 (during redevelopment)
18,000 (2015)[n 1]
ChairmanJim Kerr
ManagerWarren Feeney
LeagueNIFL Premiership
2013–142nd
WebsiteClub home page
 
  (Redirected from Linfield FC)
Jump to: navigation, search
Linfield
Linfield.png
Full nameLinfield Football Club[1]
Nickname(s)The Blues
FoundedMarch 1886; 128 years ago
(as Linfield Athletic Club)[1]
GroundWindsor Park, Belfast
Ground Capacity10,000 (during redevelopment)
18,000 (2015)[n 1]
ChairmanJim Kerr
ManagerWarren Feeney
LeagueNIFL Premiership
2013–142nd
WebsiteClub home page

Linfield Football Club,[1] sometimes referred to by the nickname the Blues, is a Northern Irish semi-professional football club based in Belfast. Founded as Linfield Athletic Club in 1886, the club moved into Windsor Park in 1905.[1] Located in the south of the city, the ground is also the home of the Northern Ireland national team. The club plays in the NIFL Premiership – the highest level of domestic football in Northern Ireland. Linfield's main rival is Glentoran from east Belfast. This rivalry is known as Belfast's Big Two, and traditionally includes a league derby played on Boxing Day each year – a match that often attracts the largest league attendance of the season. Linfield have the highest average home attendance in the league – approximately 1,800. It is roughly twice as large as the league's average attendance overall, which has remained relatively steady at 800–900 spectators per game since the current league format began in 2008.[2] The Blues are managed by former Northern Ireland international Warren Feeney, who took over on 1 May 2014 to succeed David Jeffrey. Jeffrey had been manager since January 1997, and stood down in April 2014 after 17 years and 3 months in charge.[3]

Linfield was the inaugural winner of the Irish League in the 1890–91 season, and has won a record 51 league championships to date – more than twice as many as the club with the next-highest tally of 23 championships, Glentoran. The Blues have the second-largest number of national top-flight titles of any club worldwide – only three behind the world record 54 Scottish league titles won by Rangers.[4] Along with Cliftonville and Glentoran, Linfield is one of only three clubs to have never suffered relegation from the top-flight, retaining unbroken membership since the league's formation in 1890 – excluding the eleven suspended seasons during World War I and World War II. The club won a domestic quadruple in 2005–06, has won the League, Cup, and League Cup treble three times, and has won the League and Cup double on 23 occasions – a world record.[5] The club has lifted the Irish Cup a record 42 times, the Irish League Cup a record 9 times, and has been all-Ireland champions on four occasions – 1962, 1971, 1980 and 2005. This trophy haul is the largest of any football club in Northern Ireland, and one of the largest worldwide. The club's last silverware to date is the 2013–14 County Antrim Shield, which was won on 5 March 2014 by defeating Crusaders 4–1 on penalties following a 0–0 draw after extra time in the final.[6]

History[edit]

Formation and early years (1886–1918)[edit]

A public mural in Belfast depicting Linfield's contribution to the Northern Ireland football team, featuring Tommy Dickson, Joe Bambrick and Elisha Scott

The club was founded in March 1886 in an area of south Belfast known as Sandy Row by workers at the Ulster Spinning Company's Linfield Mill.[7] Originally known as Linfield Athletic Club, the team played on ground at the back of the mill known as the Meadow. However, success on the field meant that the club had to accommodate bigger crowds, so this brought about a move to Ulsterville Avenue in 1889. In 1890, Bob Milne signed for the club from the Gordon Highlanders. The Scot would soon become a key member of the team, helping the Blues to lift the Irish Cup at the young age of 20.[8] The club stayed at Ulsterville for five years before housing development on the ground in 1894 meant that the club had to move on once again. Between 1894 and 1897, Linfield played all of their home games at opponents' grounds until the president of the club, Robert Gibson – who had donated the Gibson Cup trophy to the Irish League for the championship – along with other club members eventually secured a ground lease at Myrtlefield in the Balmoral area of the city. However, this was another temporary home. The club stayed here until 1905.[1]

The numerous ground changes and the club's desire to have a permanent home with which to build an identity resulted in the purchase of a piece of land known as the 'bog meadows' just off lower Windsor Avenue on 1 October 1904. Later known as Windsor Park,[1] this became the club's permanent home as well as the venue for international matches. The first game at Windsor took place on 29 August 1905, with Linfield playing out a 0–0 draw against Distillery in a friendly match arranged to officially commemorate the opening of the stadium.[9] The first competitive game played at the stadium took place just a few days later on 2 September 1905, and ended with a 1–0 win for Linfield over Glentoran – the other half of Belfast's Big Two – though Belfast Celtic were Linfield's main rivals at the time.[10] The club's first silverware at Windsor arrived in the 1906–07 season, with the club lifting both the Irish League Championship and the County Antrim Shield. This would be the first of a trio of league titles, with the 1907–08 and 1908–09 league titles to follow.

In 1910, team captain Bob Milne left the club with a legacy as one of Linfield's best ever players. He had amassed nine Irish Cups, eight league titles, and had earned 27 international caps for Ireland during his time at the club.[8] Another Scot, Marshall McEwan, joined Linfield in 1911 at the age of 26.[8] He had previously played for Blackpool, Bolton Wanderers and Chelsea. McEwan is perhaps best remembered for his performance in the 1913 Irish Cup final, described by some fans as the best in years.[8] McEwan retired in 1916, but remained in Belfast and later opened several businesses.[8] In 1915, the Irish League was suspended as a result of World War I. In its place, a temporary unofficial league known as the Belfast & District League was set up and ran for four seasons until the return of the Irish League in 1919. As this was an unofficial competition, any titles during this time are not counted as Irish League Championships.[11] Linfield won this competition twice, in 1915–16 along with the Irish Cup, and in 1917–18.

The team that lifted an unprecedented seven trophies in the 1921–22 season.

Two seven-trophy seasons (1921–22 & 1961–62)[edit]

In the 1921–22 season, the club achieved a clean sweep of all the domestic competitions they entered – the Irish League, Irish Cup, County Antrim Shield, Alhambra Cup, Belfast Charity Cup, Gold Cup and the City Cup.[12] The club followed this up the next season by winning a treble including the Irish League, Irish Cup and County Antrim Shield in 1922–23. In 1927, Joe Bambrick signed for the Blues, and would become one of the club's all-time top goal scorers.[8] In the 1929–30 season, Bambrick scored a remarkable 94 goals – a record that surprisingly stood for only one season, until Glentoran's Fred Roberts scored an incredible 96 goals during the following campaign to break Bambrick's record.[8] In 1930, Bambrick scored six goals in one game for Ireland – a 7–0 win over Wales.[8] The 1931–32, 1933–34 and 1934–35 league titles followed for Linfield, before Bambrick left the club to join Chelsea in 1935 having scored 286 league goals in just 183 games for Linfield – a remarkable ratio of 1.56 goals per game.[8] The Irish League was once again suspended in 1940 as a result of the Second World War, with another temporary unofficial league set up which was called the Northern Regional League. Linfield won this league three times – in 1942–43, 1944–45 and 1945–46. This league ran for seven seasons until the return of the Irish League once again in 1947.

In 1957, Jackie Milburn famously signed for the Blues as player-manager from Newcastle United, and won the Ulster Footballer of the Year award for his performances during his first season at the club.[8] Milburn's presence dramatically increased average crowds at matches, with the Belfast Telegraph calling it the "signing of the century".[8] Milburn is famous for scoring Linfield's first ever goals in European competition. In September 1959, he scored both goals against IFK Göteborg in a 2–1 Linfield win at Windsor Park in the first leg of the 1959–60 European Cup preliminary round tie – the club's European debut.[13] Milburn was also the Irish league's top goal scorer on two occasions before leaving the club in 1960 to join Yiewsley.[8] In 1962, forty years after Linfield's remarkable seven-trophy season, the club repeated the feat in the 1961–62 season under manager Isaac McDowell. They won another seven-trophy haul including the Irish League, Irish Cup, County Antrim Shield, Gold Cup, City Cup and the Ulster Cup.[14] They also won the North-South Cup final that season, but it was actually the conclusion of the 1960–61 competition. Fixture congestion had meant that the final could not be played before the end of the previous season, so it was rescheduled to take place during the 1961–62 season. A commemorative event was held in April 2012, celebrating the 90th and 50th anniversaries of the 1921–22 and 1961–62 seven-trophy-winning teams.[15]

Coyle's 31-trophy haul (1975–1996)[edit]

Following a spell in England playing for Sheffield Wednesday and Grimsby Town, Roy Coyle joined the club as player-manager, taking over the reigns from outgoing manager Billy Campbell.[16] After a tough start to his managerial career at the club, Coyle went on to become the most successful Linfield manager in history, winning numerous trophies during his time at Windsor Park. His first season in charge was without silverware. In fact, having been Irish Cup runners-up the previous season when Coleraine defeated the Blues 1–0 after two replays, Linfield suffered one of the biggest upsets in Northern Irish football history when B Division club Carrick Rangers defeated the Blues 2–1 in the 1975–76 Irish Cup final on 10 April 1976.[17] This giant-killing act in which a junior club defeated a senior club in the Irish Cup final had only happened twice before in the cup's history, and not since 1955 – 21 years earlier. The club stuck by Coyle however, and it was not long before he brought silverware to the club. His first honour arrived in the 1976–77 season in the form of the County Antrim Shield. However, the Blues suffered defeat in the Irish Cup final for the third consecutive season when they once again lost out against Coleraine – losing 4–1. The 1977–78 season saw the club win an Irish League, Irish Cup and Ulster Cup treble. Runners-up in the last three Irish Cup finals, this time they were not to be denied. A 3–1 victory over Ballymena United secured the club's third trophy of the season.

Coyle retired from playing duties in 1980, but continued as manager. In 1982, future manager David Jeffrey joined the club following a stint in the Manchester United youth team and played for Coyle under many of his trophy successes, captaining the side for much of that time. One of Coyle's biggest achievements as manager was leading the club to six consecutive league titles between 1981–82 and 1986–87, equalling the record for the most consecutive titles which was set by Belfast Celtic in 1947–48. 1986 was the year that Noel Bailie began what would turn out to be a 25–year career at the club. Although a defender for most of that time, Bailie began as a left midfielder.[8]

Coyle's final trophy as Linfield manager was the Gold Cup in 1989–90. During his 15 years at the club he had amassed 10 League titles, 3 Irish Cups, 7 Gold Cups, 4 Ulster Cups, 5 County Antrim Shields, the Irish League Cup, and the Tyler Cup – 31 major honours in total. Coyle left the club in April 1990.[18] Eric Bowyer was appointed as Coyle's replacement, but it was a relatively unsuccessful reign that only lasted for two years until he was sacked in 1992,[19] with David Jeffrey also leaving the club that year to join Ards. Next into the managerial hot seat was Trevor Anderson, who brought more silverware to the club during his five years in charge between 1992 and 1997, including 2 Irish League titles and 2 Irish Cups. After retiring as a player in 1996 following a one-year spell at Larne, David Jeffrey returned to the club as Anderson's assistant manager. This partnership lasted until Anderson resigned on the morning of 4 January 1997 to become Director of Football at Newry Town.[20]

David Jeffrey was Linfield manager for 17 years and 3 months between January 1997 and April 2014, winning a record-equalling 31 trophies during that time.

Jeffrey years (1997–2014)[edit]

Jeffrey took charge of the team in a caretaker capacity for a league match against Portadown that afternoon, and remained as caretaker manager for the following match against Ballyclare Comrades in the Floodlit Cup on 7 January. He was officially appointed as manager on a permanent basis on 8 January 1997.[21] In his first full season in charge he led the club to three trophies – the League Cup, County Antrim Shield, and Floodlit Cup – and narrowly missed out on the league title to champions Cliftonville by four points. The first league title under Jeffrey did arrive in the 1999–2000 season however, along with the club's third consecutive League Cup success – secured with a record scoreline of 4–0 over Coleraine in the final. The Blues retained the league title the following season, and also won the Charity Shield with a 2–0 win over rivals Glentoran, as well as the County Antrim Shield. The 2001–02 season saw the club achieve a cup double, lifting both the Irish Cup and the League Cup. In 2005, the inauguration of the Setanta Cup meant the return of an all-Ireland cup competition for the first time since 1980. The Blues qualified as 2003–04 Irish Premier League champions, and started the competition poorly – losing 2–1 away to Longford Town. However, they recovered to eventually reach the final against Shelbourne, and were major underdogs going into the match against professional League of Ireland opposition. However, the Blues overcame the odds to become inaugural winners of the competition, defeating Shelbourne 2–0 thanks to first-half goals from Glenn Ferguson and Peter Thompson. This earned the club 150,000 (approximately £100,000) – significant prize money in the domestic game.[22] Incidentally, Linfield had also been the previous all-Ireland champions, winning the final edition of the Tyler Cup in 1980 before it was discontinued.

The following season was the most successful of Jeffrey's tenure, with the Blues achieving a domestic clean sweep by winning the 2005–06 Irish Premier League, Irish Cup, Irish League Cup, and County Antrim Shield. However, they failed to retain the Setanta Cup as defending champions when they were narrowly beaten 1–0 at Windsor Park in the semi-finals by eventual winners, Drogheda United. In April 2010, former captain Noel Bailie made his 1,000th appearance for the club when he played in a 0–0 draw against Crusaders in the league.[23] A few days later, Linfield won their 49th league title after a 1–0 home win against Cliftonville.[24] The following year, a landmark 50th league title arrived during the club's 125th anniversary year – secured with a 4–0 win against Lisburn Distillery.[25] Bailie retired from football at the end of the 2010–11 season at the age of 40, after making 1,013 appearances for the club in all competitions during the 22 years since his debut against Ballymena United in March 1989. Linfield subsequently retired the number 11 shirt in his honour.[26] In April 2012, Linfield won the league title for the third consecutive season and a record 51st time overall by defeating Portadown 2–1.[27] They also lifted the Irish Cup for a record 42nd time, defeating Crusaders 4–1 in the final. This was the club's third successive league and Irish Cup double, the sixth in seven years, and the 23rd overall.[28]

Linfield and Crusaders lining up before the 2013–14 County Antrim Shield final. Linfield would go on to win the Shield 4–1 on penalties. It was David Jeffrey's last trophy as manager.

The 2012–13 season was undoubtedly one of the lowest points for the team under Jeffrey. The Blues were off the pace for most of the league campaign – their season encapsulated in a 3–1 home defeat by newly promoted Ballinamallard United in October 2012.[29] Cliftonville were the eventual champions, securing their fourth league title after defeating Linfield 3–2 at Solitude on 13 April 2013.[30] Crusaders secured the runners-up place, leaving the Blues in third place – a distant 29 points behind the champions. The club went out of the 2013 Setanta Sports Cup after a heavy aggregate defeat in the quarter-finals,[31] went out of the League Cup at the semi-final stage,[32] and exited the Irish Cup in the fifth round after a replay. The club's first Irish Cup defeat in four years was also the first time in 16 years they had lost their opening tie of the competition.[33] The closest the club came to winning silverware throughout the season was reaching the final of the County Antrim Shield, but the Blues lost out 4–3 on penalties to Ballymena United.[34]

When the 2014 Setanta Sports Cup was confirmed in December 2013, the club decided not to enter the competition, citing inconvenient fixture scheduling, reduced prize money, and the difficulty for supporters to attend away games as the reasons behind their withdrawal. However, the club did not rule out future participation.[35] League champions Cliftonville also withdrew from the competition for similar reasons, with the next two highest placed sides from the previous season's league table – Ballinamallard United and Coleraine – being drafted in as replacements.[36]

On 15 February 2014, Jeffrey revealed that he was stepping down as manager of Linfield at the end of the 2013–14 season, bringing an end to his trophy-laden reign after 17 years.[37] On 5 March 2014, the Blues lifted the County Antrim Shield for a record 43rd time by defeating Crusaders 4–1 on penalties following a 0–0 draw after extra time in the final.[6] This was a significant milestone for Jeffrey – his 31st and last trophy as Linfield manager, equalling Roy Coyle's record.[18] Jeffrey still had the opportunity to win a record-breaking 32nd trophy as manager in the form of the 2013–14 league title. However, despite topping the table for much of the season, the four head-to-head defeats against title rivals and reigning champions Cliftonville ultimately cost the team. Cliftonville eventually retained the title with a six-point gap, with Linfield finishing as runners-up.[38] Jeffrey's reign came to an end with a 5–2 win over Glenavon at Mourneview Park on the final day of the 2013–14 league season.[39]

Feeney: A new era (2014–present)[edit]

Jeffrey was replaced with former Northern Ireland international, Warren Feeney. Feeney had been player-assistant manager at English Conference Premier side Salisbury City at the time of his appointment. His cousin, Lee Feeney, played for Linfield in two different spells between 1997–1999 and 2002–2003. Former Blackburn Rovers player, Andy Todd, was appointed as Feeney's assistant.[3]

Stadium[edit]

Main article: Windsor Park
Windsor Park, the club's home since 1905.

Linfield's home ground is Windsor Park in south Belfast. It is the largest Association football stadium in Northern Ireland, with Glentoran's ground, the Oval, being the next largest. The governing body of Northern Irish football, the Irish Football Association, leases the ground for use by the Northern Ireland national football team. The club currently receives 15% of Northern Ireland international gate receipts as rent. This is controversial as rival Irish League clubs see this as giving Linfield an unfair advantage by allowing them to offer more attractive wages and have a larger squad than all of the other clubs.[40] In 2010, UEFA provided €500,000 towards substantial refurbishment of the stadium, to increase capacity and improve safety.[41]

In 2011, the Northern Ireland Executive allocated £138 million for a major programme of stadium redevelopment throughout Northern Ireland, with £28 million allocated to the redevelopment of Windsor Park.[42] In June 2012, further details of the stadium's redevelopment were released. The plan was to redevelop Windsor Park into an 18,000 all-seater stadium with a series of phased works originally intended to begin in the summer of 2013. The redevelopment would include the demolition of the existing East and South Stand structures, to be replaced by new purpose built stands that would partially enclose the stadium; complete renovation of the existing North and West Stands; and construction of both new conferencing facilities and a new headquarters facility for the IFA.[43]

In February 2013, planning permission for the redevelopment was granted. The cost of the project was estimated to be around £29.2 million, of which £25.2 million would come from government funding. It was initially planned for the work to begin in September 2013.[44] Two months later however, Crusaders began legal proceedings against the redevelopment. The club called for the process to be judicially reviewed, believing it to be against European Union competition laws and also a form of State aid towards Linfield.[45] When Crusaders played Linfield at Windsor Park at the end of April, their club officials were allegedly informed that they would not be welcome in the directors box or the boardroom during the game – an apparent reaction to Crusaders' legal challenge of the stadium redevelopment.[46] In a hearing that took place on 22 May 2013, Crusaders' request was granted. It was ruled that it was a possibility for the redevelopment to be classed as state aid towards Linfield. The aspect of the challenge concerning competition law however, was dismissed.[47]

In July 2013, Crusaders agreed to a possible settlement brought forward by the judicial review. The details of the settlement were not made public, but Crusaders said that it had the "potential to benefit the entirety of the football family".[48] In September 2013, sports minister Carál Ní Chuilín said that she was still committed to making sure the redevelopment went ahead as scheduled, after previously stating that she would not sign off on the funding until the IFA resolved "governance issues" surrounding David Martin's return to the role of deputy president.[49] In December 2013, three months after the work was originally scheduled to begin, the redevelopment was finally given the green light. The sports minister signed off on £31 million to complete the project. The redevelopment finally got under way on 6 May 2014 after the 2013–14 domestic season had finished, eight months later than originally planned. The work is due to be completed in 2015.[50]

Supporters and rivalry[edit]

Big Two rivalry[edit]

Main article: Belfast's Big Two

Linfield's main rivals are Glentoran from east Belfast – a rivalry which is commonly known as Belfast's Big Two. However, this term did not always refer to Linfield and Glentoran. Up until 1949 the Big Two consisted of Linfield and Belfast Celtic, as they had traditionally been the most successful teams in Northern Irish football thus far. However, after Belfast Celtic folded in 1949, Glentoran were established as Linfield's biggest rivals.[51] The earliest recorded match between the two clubs was played on 1 October 1887 – just over a year after Linfield's formation. A friendly match played at King's Field, Westbourne in Ballymacarrett was won 3–1 by Linfield (then known as Linfield Athletic).[52] In 1890, the two teams played each other competitively for the first time, during the inaugural Irish League season. Linfield won 7–0 at Musgrave Park on 18 October, and 6–0 at Ulsterville Avenue on 21 March 1891. The first meeting at the Oval took place on 8 October 1892, and the first meeting at Windsor Park took place 13 years later on 2 September 1905.

During World War II in 1941, the Oval – including terraces, offices, kits and club records – was destroyed in a bombing raid on the nearby Harland & Wolff Shipyard.[53][54] Glentoran approached Distillery to play at Grosvenor Park, which they did until the Oval was rebuilt in 1949, with help from other Irish League clubs, most notably Distillery and Cliftonville. Glentoran considered leaving senior football to become a junior club, but after borrowing kits from Distillery and Crusaders they continued to compete at Grosvenor.[55] Out of 14 league games at Grosvenor Park however, they were only victorious over Linfield on one occasion.

Traditionally, the two clubs play each other in the league on Boxing Day every year, with the match usually attracting the biggest league attendance of the season. However, in 2009 the match was removed from the fixture list by the Irish Football Association due to crowd trouble at Windsor Park.[56] The match returned in 2011, and usually alternates venues between the Oval and Windsor Park each year.

Trophy dominance[edit]

The Big Two rivalry is fuelled by the fact that Linfield and Glentoran have been the two most successful clubs in Northern Irish football, regularly challenging for silverware. They have won more league titles, Irish Cups, and League Cups than any other clubs. Linfield lead the way in all three tallies, with 51 League titles, 42 Irish Cups and 9 League Cups compared with Glentoran's 23 league titles, 21 Irish Cups and 7 League Cups. Almost half (47%) of the 134 Irish Cup competitions to date have been won by one of the two clubs, with at least one of them reaching the final on 87 occasions (64.9% of them) and being victorious a combined 63 times. The two clubs have met in 15 of those finals – making it the most common final. Linfield have won eight of the meetings to Glentoran's seven, with the most recent meeting between the two clubs in the final occurring in 2006, when Linfield won 2–1 to lift the Cup for the 37th time. Two-thirds of all Irish League titles have been won by one of the Big Two. Of the 113 completed league seasons, the title has been won by either club on 74 occasions (65.5% of them). The duo also make up two of the three clubs that have appeared in every season of the Irish League since its inception in 1890; the other club being Cliftonville.

As of 13 August 2014, the two clubs have met 255 times in the Irish League – excluding unofficial wartime results between 1915–1919 (World War I) and 1940–1947 (World War II). Linfield have won on 113 occasions, with 72 Glentoran victories and 70 drawn matches. Linfield's record victory over their rivals is 8–0. This occurred on 21 November 1891, during the 1891–92 Irish League season. Linfield's record post-war win over Glentoran in all competitions is by a six goal margin – a 7–1 win over the Glens at Grosvenor Park in the 1961–62 North-South Cup, and a 6–0 victory at Windsor Park in the 2006 Setanta Sports Cup group stage.

Since 2009, the intensity of the rivalry has ebbed slightly, as has the duo's direct competition over the available silverware. Despite winning the Irish Cup in 2013, Glentoran's overall fortunes on the field have taken a relative downturn. The Glens' last league title came in 2009, and they have since finished as low as sixth place in 2012. 2008–09 is also the last season in which the duo were direct title rivals finishing as winners and runners-up, and the two clubs have not met in a major domestic cup final since 2006, when they contested both the Irish Cup and League Cup finals.

Action from a Big Two Derby played at the Oval in February 2014. Linfield won the match 1–0.

Sectarianism and violence[edit]

Linfield are generally regarded as a 'Protestant club'[57] and draw the vast majority of their support from one side of the community. However, the squad itself is one of the most diverse in the Irish League.[57] The club has also been regarded as sectarian in the past, both in respect of its alleged employment policy and of the behaviour of its fans.[58] This sectarian reputation is partly the result of the actions of fans who have a history of occasional anti-Catholic behaviour ranging from sectarian chanting on the terraces to outright violence.[59] Part of the problem has been attributed to Windsor Park's location in a part of Belfast that is predominantly Protestant.[60] A relatively small number of local Catholics played for the club during the Troubles,[61] which led to an accusation that the club held a historical policy of not signing Catholic players.[62] However, the existence of such a policy has been disputed:

"Linfield's following has historically been drawn from the Protestant loyalist community, particularly in the greater Belfast area. That is a fact of life which cannot be disputed and, although in the past there have been accusations of sectarian bias such as not signing Roman Catholic players, contrary to opinion and myth, no ban was ever imposed. That even applied in the early stages, during the Second World War and from then there has been a plethora of all creeds and classes wearing the Blue jersey."

Malcolm Brodie[63]

Sectarian tensions have long been a cause of conflict at football matches in Northern Ireland, and crowd trouble occasionally marred games involving Linfield throughout the twentieth century.[64] In 1948, Belfast Celtic withdrew from the Irish League after years of sectarian crowd problems culminated in a Boxing Day match against Linfield at Windsor Park which ended in a pitch invasion and riot in which Belfast Celtic's Protestant centre forward, Jimmy Jones, suffered a broken leg.[64]

In the 1979–80 European Cup, Linfield were drawn to face Dundalk from the Republic of Ireland. In the first leg, which was played in Dundalk and ended in a 1–1 draw, crowd disturbance prompted UEFA to switch the second leg to the Haarlem Stadion, Netherlands. Linfield were held almost entirely accountable for the events, and were forced to pay Dundalk's costs to travel to the Netherlands as well as an additional £5,000 for damage sustained to Oriel Park. Dundalk were fined £870 for providing insufficient security at the match. Dundalk eventually won the match 2–0 to progress 3–1 on aggregate.[65] In the 1987–88 campaign, Linfield's home game against Lillestrøm was marred by missile throwing, resulting in UEFA sanctions which meant that the club had to play their next two home games in European competitions at Welsh club Wrexham in 1988–89 and 1989–90.

A 1997 match against Coleraine was abandoned when Linfield fans hurled bottles onto the pitch after two Linfield players were sent off.[66] In May 2005 there were disturbances in Dublin at the Setanta Cup final between Linfield and Shelbourne.[67] In the same month, Linfield fans were banned from travelling to The Oval for a match against Glentoran, allegedly as a result of disturbances involving both sets of fans the previous month. However, Glentoran denied this was the reason behind the ban, citing health and safety regulations that forced them to close the away stand.[68] In 2008, three Linfield fans were charged in a Dublin court with public order offences at a Setanta Cup match against St Patrick's Athletic,[69] but were released. In November of the same year, Linfield player Conor Hagan was struck by a rocket that was fired from Cliftonville supporters in the crowd following Linfield's 2–1 defeat at the hands of Cliftonville,[70] and the following month riot police were called into Glentoran supporters in the Boxing Day match after Linfield had taken a 2–0 lead.[71]

The management of Linfield has attempted to reverse the stigma of negative press attached to the club. The club has moved forward in co-operation with the Irish Football Association (IFA) which has launched a campaign called "Give sectarianism the boot." It assisted a local Camogie team who needed space to train in 2005, and also built links with the Gaelic Athletic Association which has traditionally had little support from the Protestant community in Northern Ireland.[72] In 2006 FIFA President Sepp Blatter commended Linfield for their anti-racism.[73] A play dealing with the conflict between Linfield and Belfast Celtic, Lish and Gerry at the Shrine, was staged by the IFA at Windsor Park in October 2010, with the co-operation of the Linfield management.[74]

Since 2008, the number of incidents has decreased. However, in February 2014, Linfield were fined £3,000 and Cliftonville were fined £3,250 by the IFA following sectarian chanting from sections of both sets of supporters during a County Antrim Shield semi-final at Windsor Park in October 2013. Cliftonville's fine of an extra £250 came as a result of their fans causing an explosion during the game.[75] Both clubs criticised the decision, and expressed their intent to appeal against the fines.[76] In April 2014, the punishments were rescinded on appeal.[77] There was also crowd trouble at a league fixture between the clubs at Windsor Park in March 2014, with reports of missiles being thrown after the game. The Northern Ireland Football League condemned the actions of a "small minority" of supporters.[78]

In May 2014, Linfield were fined £1,200 by the Irish Football Association over the singing of sectarian songs by supporters, ruling that Linfield fans had been guilty of breaching the code of conduct during a league game at Coleraine.[79]

Players[edit]

First-team squad[edit]

As of 5 September 2014.[80]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No.PositionPlayer
3DFJamie Richards (on loan from Plymouth Argyle)
4Northern IrelandDFChris Hegarty (captain)
5DFMark Haughey
6DFJimmy Callacher
7Northern IrelandFWAndrew Waterworth
8MFStephen Lowry
9Northern IrelandFWPeter Thompson
10Northern IrelandFWMichael Carvill
12Northern IrelandMFKirk Millar
14MFAaron Burns
15Northern IrelandDFSean Ward
16Northern IrelandDFMatthew Clarke
17Northern IrelandFWSammy Morrow
No.PositionPlayer
19Northern IrelandGKRoss Glendinning
21Northern IrelandFWWarren Feeney
22Northern IrelandMFJamie Mulgrew
23Northern IrelandDFReece Glendinning
25Northern IrelandMFPaul McElroy
26Northern IrelandMFIvan Sproule
27FWRodney Brown
28Northern IrelandMFSeanan Clucas
31Northern IrelandDFNiall Quinn
32MFRoss Clarke
33Northern IrelandGKJonathan Tuffey
35GKGareth Deane

Out on loan[edit]

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No.PositionPlayer
24FWConor McMenamin (on loan at Loughgall until January 2015.) [81]

Retired numbers[edit]

Numbers retired in June 2011.[82]

11 – In honour of Noel Bailie (1986–2011)
13Unlucky number

Managers[edit]

Below is a list of all the managers Linfield have appointed during the club's history. In the early years after the club was formed in 1886, the team was selected by club committee, a standard practice by football clubs at the time. Since then, 23 different men have held the position of Linfield manager. However, only five different managers have been appointed during the last 38 years since Roy Coyle took charge in November 1975. David Jeffrey holds the record for the longest reign as manager, having been in charge for 17 years and 3 months between January 1997 and April 2014. Jeffrey and Coyle jointly hold the record for the most trophies won as manager, each having led the club to 31 trophies – a combined 62 major honours between them.[83] Former Northern Ireland international Warren Feeney is the club's current manager, having been appointed in May 2014.[3]

DatesNameNotes
1886–unknownTeam CommitteeA committee was responsible for the first team.
UnknownLincoln HydeDates unknown, was in charge for the 1932–33 season, possibly more.
UnknownTommy SloanDates unknown.
1939–1940Northern Ireland Billy McCleeryResigned due to World War I, and concentrated on his Cricket career. Would later manage the Irish League XI team which defeated the Football League 5–2 at Windsor Park in 1956.
1940–1943Northern Ireland Tommy Brolly
UnknownEngland Jack ChallinorDates unknown.
UnknownScotland John HuttonDates unknown.
1952–1953Scotland Tully Craig
UnknownScotland Gibby MackenzieDates unknown.
1957–1960England Jackie MilburnJoined as player-manager from Newcastle United.
1960–1962Scotland Isaac McDowellGuided the club to seven trophies in the 1961–62 season, before leaving to manage Glentoran the following season.
1962–1965Northern Ireland Tommy DicksonCaptain of the 1961–62 seven trophy winning team.
1965–1967Scotland Tommy LeishmanJoined as player-manager from Hibernian, before returning to Scotland two years later. Was named Ulster Footballer of the Year for 1965–66.
1967–1970Scotland Ewan FentonJoined from Limerick, before returning to the club after his departure in 1970.
1970–1971Northern Ireland Billy BinghamManaged Northern Ireland and Linfield simultaneously until leaving both posts in 1971. Would later return for a second spell as Northern Ireland manager in 1980.
1971–1972Northern Ireland Jimmy Hill
1972–1973Northern Ireland Sammy HattonPlayed in the 1961–62 seven trophy winning team.
1973–1974Scotland Billy Sinclair
1974–1975Northern Ireland Billy CampbellThe club's eighth different manager in ten years.
1975–1990Northern Ireland Roy CoyleWon a record-equalling six consecutive Irish League Championships. Most successful Linfield manager of all time alongside David Jeffrey with 31 major honours as manager.
1990–1992Northern Ireland Eric Bowyer
1992–1997Northern Ireland Trevor AndersonResigned to become Director of Football at Newry Town.
1997–2014Northern Ireland David JeffreyLongest serving manager in the club's history. Won a total of 31 major honours during his reign as Linfield manager – a record shared with Roy Coyle.
2014–Northern Ireland Warren FeeneyJoined the club from English Conference Premier side Salisbury City, where he was player-assistant manager.

Club officials[edit]

Source:[84]

First-team honours[edit]

Active competitions[edit]

Domestic[edit]

All-Ireland[edit]

Defunct competitions[edit]

Domestic[edit]

All-Ireland[edit]

Doubles and Trebles[edit]

The club has achieved the double of winning the League title and the national cup in the same season on 23 occasions – more than any other club in the world.[5] The club has also achieved the domestic treble of the League, national cup and League Cup in the same season on three occasions, and a domestic quadruple of those three trophies plus the regional County Antrim Shield in the same season once – in 2005–06. Most notably absent from the list are the seven-trophy hauls in the 1921–22 and 1961–62 seasons – achieved prior to the inauguration of the League Cup in 1987.[12][15]

3As part of a domestic treble.
4Part of a domestic quadruple including the County Antrim Shield.

Reserve honours[edit]

Intermediate-level honours won by Linfield Swifts

Junior honours[edit]

† Won by Linfield II (reserve team)

‡ Won by Linfield Swifts (reserve team)

ƒ Won by Linfield Pirates (reserve team)

Linfield in Europe[edit]

As Northern Ireland's most dominant club side, Linfield have been regular campaigners in European football. The club first participated in European competition in 1959 against Göteborg in the 1959–60 European Cup.[85] In the first round of the 1961–62 European Cup, Linfield were drawn to face an East German team, Vorwärts. The away leg was played, which Linfield lost 3–0. However, Vorwärts were denied visas for entry into the UK to play the second leg, and (similarly to Glenavon the previous season) travelling to play the game in a neutral country was not financially viable for Linfield. They were therefore forced to withdraw from the competition.[86]

Linfield's most notable achievement in European competition is reaching the quarter-finals of the 1966–67 European Cup.[85] After beating Aris of Luxembourg and Vålerengen of Norway they faced CSKA Red Flag in the last eight. This resulted in a 2–2 draw at home and 1–0 defeat away.[87] In the 1984–85 season, after overcoming Shamrock Rovers on away goals (the first and so far only series of meetings between the two Irish superpowers outside all-Ireland tournaments),[88] Linfield faced eventual semi-finalists Panathinaikos in the second round. After a 2–1 defeat away, Linfield drew 3–3 at Windsor Park in the return leg after racing into a 3–0 lead at half-time.[85] Panathinaikos staged a remarkable comeback in the second half to level the match and eliminate Linfield 5–4 on aggregate.[85]

The 1993–94 UEFA Champions League saw Linfield drawn with Dynamo Tbilisi of Georgia. After losing 3–2 on aggregate, they were reinstated when their opponents were expelled from the competition for alleged match fixing and paying the officials. Linfield faced Copenhagen in the first round proper.[85] They won the first leg 3–0, but lost the second leg 4–0 after extra time. This proved costly, as victory would have meant a financially lucrative tie against eventual champions A.C. Milan in the next round.[85] The club then had to wait seven years to participate in the competition again, due to the format of the two European competitions being altered. The league's relatively low ranking in the UEFA coefficient system has meant that the club has entered in the early qualifying rounds of either the UEFA Champions League or the UEFA Cup/Europa League,[85] with the second qualifying round being the furthest the club has progressed in either competition. In the 2012–13 UEFA Champions League, the Blues entered the competition in the first qualifying round, and defeated B36 Tórshavn 4–3 on penalties to progress to the second qualifying round, after both legs ended as 0–0 draws.[89] This was the first time since the 1984–85 season (excluding their opponent's expulsion in 1993–94) that the club had won a tie in the competition. However, they were defeated 3–0 on aggregate in the next round by AEL Limassol.[90]

The 2013–14 UEFA Europa League campaign started in record-breaking fashion. In July 2013, the club won 2–0 away from home against ÍF Fuglafjørður of the Faroe Islands in the first qualifying round. This was the Blues' first win in Europe since 2005, and their first away win in Europe since 1966, when they defeated Vålerengen 4–1 during their run to the quarter-finals of the 1966–67 European Cup.[91] In the second leg at Windsor Park, the Blues won 3–0 to go through to the next round 5–0 on aggregate.[92] This was the club's largest aggregate victory in a European tie since defeating Aris Bonnevoie 9–4 on aggregate in the first round of the 1966–67 European Cup. It was also the first time that a Northern Irish club had won both legs of a European tie in any competition. They followed this up in the next round by winning away from home again. Despite being massive underdogs for the tie, a 1–0 victory away to Xanthi of Greece made it three consecutive victories in Europe, without conceding a goal in the process – another first for the club.[93] However, in the second leg at home they went down 2–1 after extra time, which eliminated them on the away goals rule.[94] The following season, Linfield's first venture into Europe under new manager Warren Feeney was in the Faroe Islands against B36 Tórshavn in the 2014–15 UEFA Europa League first qualifying round, which was also Feeney's first competitive game in charge of the club. Linfield came out 2–1 victors with goals coming from Jamie Mulgrew and Michael Carvill.[95] The return leg was played at Glenavon's ground, Mourneview Park, due to the redevelopment of Windsor Park. Linfield had to settle for a 1–1 draw, but that was enough to secure passage into the second qualifying round for the second successive season, where they were drawn to face AIK from Sweden.[96] An 87th-minute Andrew Waterworth goal in the home leg at Mourneview Park ensured a 1–0 win for Linfield in their 100th competitive European match since 1959.[97]

Summary[edit]

CompetitionRoundOpponentHome[A]Away[A]Agg[A]
1959–60 European CupPRSweden Göteborg2–11–63–7
1961–62 European CupPREast Germany Vorwärts Berlinw/o[B]0–30–3
1962–63 European Cup1RDenmark Esbjerg1–20–01–2
1963–64 European Cup Winners' Cup2RTurkey Fenerbahçe2–01–43–4
1966–67 European Cup1RLuxembourg Aris6–13–39–4
2RNorway Vålerengen1–14–15–2
QFBulgaria CSKA Red Flag2–20–12–3
1967–68 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup1REast Germany Lokomotive Leipzig1–01–52–5
1968–69 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup1RPortugal Vitória de Setúbal1–30–31–6
1969–70 European Cup1RSocialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Red Star Belgrade2–40–82–12
1970–71 European Cup Winners' Cup1REngland Manchester City2–10–12–2[C]
1971–72 European Cup1RBelgium Standard Liège2–30–22–5
1975–76 European Cup1RNetherlands PSV Eindhoven1–20–81–10
1978–79 European Cup1RNorway Lillestrøm0–00–10–1
1979–80 European CupPRRepublic of Ireland Dundalk0–2[F]1–11–3
1980–81 European Cup1RFrance Nantes0–1[F]0–20–3
1981–82 UEFA Cup1RBelgium Beveren0–50–30–8
1982–83 European Cup1RAlbania 17 Nëntori2–10–12–2[C]
1983–84 European Cup1RPortugal Benfica2–30–32–6
1984–85 European Cup1RRepublic of Ireland Shamrock Rovers0–01–11–1[D]
2RGreece Panathinaikos3–31–24–5
1985–86 European Cup1RSwitzerland Servette2–21–23–4
1986–87 European Cup1RNorway Rosenborg1–10–11–2
1987–88 European Cup1RNorway Lillestrøm2–41–13–5
1988–89 UEFA Cup1RFinland TPS1–1[G]0–01–1[C]
1989–90 European Cup1RSoviet Union Dnipro Dnipropetrovsk1–2[G]0–11–3
1993–94 UEFA Champions LeaguePRGeorgia (country) Dinamo Tbilisi1–11–22–3[E]
1RDenmark Copenhagen3–00–43–4
1994–95 UEFA Cup[H]PRIceland FH3–10–13–2
1RDenmark Odense1–10–51–6
1995–96 UEFA Cup Winners' CupQRUkraine Shakhtar Donetsk0–11–41–5
1998–99 UEFA Cup1QRCyprus Omonia5–31–56–8
1999–2000 UEFA CupQRGeorgia (country) Lokomotivi Tbilisi1–10–11–2
2000–01 UEFA Champions League1QRFinland Haka2–10–12–2[C]
2001–02 UEFA Champions League1QRGeorgia (country) Torpedo Kutaisi0–00–10–1
2002–03 UEFA CupQRNorway Stabæk1–10–41–5
2004–05 UEFA Champions League1QRFinland HJK0–10–10–2
2005–06 UEFA Cup1QRLatvia Ventspils1–01–22–2[D]
2QRSweden Halmstad2–41–13–5
2006–07 UEFA Champions League1QRSlovenia Gorica1–32–23–5
2007–08 UEFA Champions League1QRSweden Elfsborg0–00–10–1
2008–09 UEFA Champions League1QRCroatia Dinamo Zagreb0–21–11–3
2009–10 UEFA Europa League1QRDenmark Randers0–30–40–7
2010–11 UEFA Champions League2QRNorway Rosenborg0–00–20–2
2011–12 UEFA Champions League2QRBelarus BATE Borisov1–10–21–3
2012–13 UEFA Champions League1QRFaroe Islands B36 Tórshavn0–00–00–0 (4–3 p)
2QRCyprus AEL Limassol0–00–30–3
2013–14 UEFA Europa League1QRFaroe Islands ÍF Fuglafjørður3–02–05–0
2QRGreece Skoda Xanthi1–21–02–2[C]
2014–15 UEFA Europa League1QRFaroe Islands B36 Tórshavn1–12–13–2
2QRSweden AIK1–00–21–2

Key: PR – Preliminary round; QR – Qualifying round; 1QR/2QR – First/Second qualifying round; 1R/2R – First/Second round; QF – Quarter-final

Notes
  1. ^ a b c Linfield goals are listed first.
  2. ^ Linfield withdrew from the competition after the away leg had been played.
  3. ^ a b c d e Lost tie on away goals rule.
  4. ^ a b Won tie on away goals rule.
  5. ^ Dinamo Tbilisi were later expelled from the competition, and Linfield were reinstated.
  6. ^ a b Home leg switched to Haarlem Stadion, Netherlands as a result of a UEFA sanction following crowd trouble in the away leg against Dundalk in the 1979–80 European Cup.
  7. ^ a b Home leg switched to the Racecourse Ground, Wales as a result of a UEFA sanction following crowd trouble against Lillestrøm in the 1987–88 European Cup.
  8. ^ Between 1994 and 1996, UEFA Champions League entry was limited to clubs from the continent's top 24 countries. This meant that as 1993–94 Irish League champions, Linfield entered the UEFA Cup instead.

Overall record[edit]

As of 24 July 2014
CompetitionPWDLGFGAGD
European Cup/UEFA Champions League636223555112−57
UEFA Cup/UEFA Europa League2887132952−23
Cup Winner's Cup6204611−5
Inter-Cities Fairs Cup4103311−8
Total10117295593186–93

UEFA club ranking[edit]

Current ranking

As of the 2014 UEFA Rankings.[98]

RankTeamPoints
276Estonia Levadia Tallinn4.575
277Republic of Macedonia Rabotnički4.550
278Northern Ireland Linfield4.475
279Malta Valletta4.466
280Slovenia Olimpija Ljubljana4.450

Ranking since 2010

YearRankPoints
2010RedDownArrow.svg 3090.574
2011RedDownArrow.svg 3101.699
2012Green-Up-Arrow.svg 2962.766
2013Green-Up-Arrow.svg 2723.866
2014RedDownArrow.svg 2784.475

In popular culture[edit]

The Northern Ireland comedy sketch show Dry Your Eyes featured a character called Derek, portrayed by Martin Reid, a fanatical fan of Linfield who is thrown into life-threatening situations such as aircraft hijackings and bank robberies. The character remains placid until the situation causes him inconvenience at which point he confronts the terrorists, hijackers etc., and while everyone else in the scene cowers in fear for their lives he responds to the demands of the villains with a catchphrase "Are ye by f***!" and then verbally scares them into surrender, thus saving the situation.[99]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Windsor Park is currently undergoing redevelopment. The capacity is expected to be 18,000 (all-seated) when construction is completed in 2015.
  2. ^ An unofficial league which ran for four seasons between 1915 and 1919. It was set up while the Irish League was suspended as a result of World War I.
  3. ^ An unofficial league which ran for seven seasons between 1940 and 1947. It was set up while the Irish League was suspended as a result of World War II.
  4. ^ The 1960–61 North-South Cup was played to the Semi-final stage. However, due to fixture congestion the final had to be postponed until the 1961–62 season. The competition started in March 1961 and was completed in February 1962.
  5. ^ a b It should be noted that while the Irish Cup was formed in the 1880–81 season and the Irish League was formed in 1890–91 season, the League Cup was not introduced until the 1986–87 season.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "History". linfieldfc.com. Retrieved 18 December 2013. 
  2. ^ "Irish League Supporters Forum – Attendances". Irish League Supporters Forum. Retrieved 10 April 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c "Linfield FC announces appointment of new Manager". linfieldfc.com. 26 April 2014. Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  4. ^ "Total Number of Championships". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 14 March 2014. 
  5. ^ a b "Doing the Double!". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 3 April 2014. 
  6. ^ a b "Linfield defeat Crusaders in Shield shoot-out". BBC Sport. 4 March 2014. Retrieved 5 March 2014. 
  7. ^ Garnham, Neal (2004). Association football and society in pre-partition Ireland. Ulster Historical Foundation. p. 47. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "25 Greatest Linfield players of all time". Belfast Telegraph. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  9. ^ "A special guest welcomed in Windsor Park boardroom – 100 years after historic game". linfieldfc.com. Retrieved 24 March 2014. 
  10. ^ Richard William Cox; Dave Russell; Wray Vamplew (2002). Encyclopedia of British football. Psychology Press. p. 219. 
  11. ^ "Northern Ireland – Final League Tables 1890–1998". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. Retrieved 5 January 2014. 
  12. ^ a b "The 1921–22 team, Linfield's first seven trophy si – 46674 – Belfast Telegraph Photosales". Belfast Telegraph. Retrieved 5 April 2014. 
  13. ^ "UEFA Champions League - History". UEFA. Retrieved 16 July 2014. 
  14. ^ "Beyond Trebles". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. 15 January 2010. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  15. ^ a b "A superb night of 7 Trophy Linfield nostalgia". linfieldfc.com. 29 April 2012. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  16. ^ "Northern Ireland's Footballing Greats: Roy Coyle". NIFG. Retrieved 3 April 2014. 
  17. ^ "Blueman Gary returned to haunt his boyhood heroes". linfieldfc.com. 12 February 2012. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  18. ^ a b "Why David Jeffrey, not Roy Coyle, is the best". Belfast Telegraph. 6 March 2014. Retrieved 3 April 2014. 
  19. ^ "Look at Linfield Interview with Eric Bowyer". linfieldfc.com. 30 August 2009. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  20. ^ "Trevor realised his boyhood dreams at Linfield". linfieldfc.com. 19 October 2009. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  21. ^ "DJ - 17 years, 31 trophies and 179 players". linfieldfc.com. 27 April 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
  22. ^ "Linfield beat Shelbourne in final". BBC Sport. 21 May 2005. Retrieved 18 December 2013. 
  23. ^ "Crusaders 0–0 Linfield". BBC Sport. 24 April 2010. Retrieved 14 January 2013. 
  24. ^ "Linfield 1–0 Cliftonville". BBC Sport (BBC). 27 April 2010. Retrieved 27 April 2010. 
  25. ^ "Lisburn Distillery 0–4 Linfield". BBC Sport (BBC). 26 April 2011. Archived from the original on 29 April 2011. Retrieved 26 April 2011. 
  26. ^ "Linfield 1–0 Portadown". BBC Sport (BBC). 30 April 2011. Retrieved 14 January 2013. 
  27. ^ "Linfield beat Portadown to secure Premiership crown". BBC Sport (BBC). 7 April 2012. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  28. ^ "Crusaders 1–4 Linfield". BBC Sport. 5 May 2012. Retrieved 11 January 2013. 
  29. ^ "Linfield 1–3 Ballinamallard Utd". BBC Sport (BBC). 6 October 2012. Retrieved 19 April 2013. 
  30. ^ "Cliftonville beat Linfield to secure Irish Premiership title". BBC Sport (BBC). 13 April 2013. Retrieved 13 April 2013. 
  31. ^ "Setanta Sports Cup: Linfield and Glentoran crash out of cup". BBC Sport (BBC). 11 March 2013. Retrieved 15 July 2013. 
  32. ^ "Linfield 0–1 Crusaders". BBC Sport (BBC). 11 December 2012. Retrieved 15 July 2013. 
  33. ^ "Irish Cup full-time: Crusaders beat Linfield 2–1 in replay". BBC Sport (BBC). 22 January 2013. Retrieved 15 July 2013. 
  34. ^ "Ballymena beat Linfield on penalties in Co Antrim Shield final". BBC Sport (BBC). 27 November 2012. Retrieved 15 July 2013. 
  35. ^ "Statement from Linfield FC with regard to Setanta Sports Cup". linfieldfc.com. 9 December 2013. Retrieved 18 December 2013. 
  36. ^ "Cliftonville and Linfield withdraw from Setanta Cup". BBC Sport. 9 December 2013. Retrieved 18 December 2013. 
  37. ^ "David Jeffrey to quit as Linfield manager at end of the season". BBC Sport. 15 February 2014. Retrieved 12 March 2014. 
  38. ^ "Cliftonville retain Irish Premiership title for first time". BBC Sport (BBC). 22 April 2014. Retrieved 22 April 2014. 
  39. ^ "Irish Premiership: Glenavon 2-5 Linfield". BBC Sport (BBC). 26 April 2014. Retrieved 20 July 2014. 
  40. ^ "IFA thrash out new Linfield Windsor deal". Belfast Telegraph. 23 June 2010. Retrieved 9 December 2010. 
  41. ^ "Uefa provides half a million euros to save Windsor Park". BBC News. 22 January 2010. Retrieved 15 March 2011. 
  42. ^ "Stadiums fit for our heroes on way at last Belfast Telegraph". Belfast Telegraph. 11 March 2011. Retrieved 8 May 2013. 
  43. ^ "WINDSOR PARK REDEVELOPMENT PROJECT". Irish Football Association. 25 June 2012. Retrieved 8 May 2013. 
  44. ^ "GREEN LIGHT FOR STADIUM REDEVELOPMENT". Irish Football Association. 20 February 2013. Retrieved 8 May 2013. 
  45. ^ "Windsor Park funding faces legal challenge from Crusaders". BBC Sport. 17 April 2013. Retrieved 8 May 2013. 
  46. ^ "Crues bosses watch Blues game from stands after directors' box ban". BBC Sport. 28 April 2013. Retrieved 8 May 2013. 
  47. ^ "Crusaders win right to oppose government funding for Windsor". BBC Sport. 22 May 2013. Retrieved 23 May 2013. 
  48. ^ "Crusaders support settlement on Windsor Park upgrade". BBC Sport. 16 July 2013. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  49. ^ "Sports Minister Caral Ni Chuilin 'committed' to Windsor upgrade". BBC Sport. 26 September 2013. Retrieved 20 December 2013. 
  50. ^ "WORK BEGINS AT WINDSOR PARK". Irish Football Association. 6 May 2014. Retrieved 16 May 2014. 
  51. ^ "Glentoran vs. Linfield – a potted history of 'Belclasico!'". Kukri Sport. Retrieved 25 March 2014. 
  52. ^ "NIFG: Modesto Silo". Northern Ireland's Footballing Greats. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  53. ^ "WW2 People's War – Memories of the Belfast Blitz". BBC. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  54. ^ "Oval and out for Glentoran". Belfast Telegraph. 24 December 2013. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  55. ^ "The Oval history". Glentoran-fc.co.uk. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  56. ^ "Glentoran v Linfield festive tie canned". Belfast Telegraph. 17 February 2009. Retrieved 15 May 2012. 
  57. ^ a b "The History of Linfield Part 1". Retrieved 31 August 2010. 
  58. ^ Bairner, Alan; Shirlow, Peter (2001). "Real and Imagined: Reflections on Football Rivalry in Northern Ireland". In Armstrong, Gary. Fear and Loathing in World Football. pp. 46–7. ISBN 1-85973-463-4. 
  59. ^ Sugden, John; Harvie, Scott (1995). "Sport and Community Relations in Northern Ireland". Retrieved 24 August 2009. 
  60. ^ Sugden, John; Bairner, Alan (1995). Sport, sectarianism and society in a divided Ireland. Continuum International Publishing Group. p. 78. ISBN 0-7185-0018-0. 
  61. ^ Sugden, John; Bairner, Alan (1995). Sport, sectarianism and society in a divided Ireland. Continuum International Publishing Group. pp. 78–79. ISBN 0-7185-0018-0. 
  62. ^ McKay, Jim; Messner, Michael A.; Donald F., Sabo (2000). Masculinities, gender relations, and sport. SAGE. p. 185. ISBN 0-7619-1272-X. 
  63. ^ Brodie, Malcolm (1990). Irish Football League 1890–1990: Official Centenary History. Better World Books. ISBN 0951640313. 
  64. ^ a b Richard William Cox; Dave Russell; Wray Vamplew (2002). Encyclopedia of British football. Psychology Press. pp. 190, 262. 
  65. ^ "1979 EUROPEAN CUP – LINFIELD". dundalkfc.com. Retrieved 11 March 2014. 
  66. ^ Grant Cameron (30 November 1997). "FLASHPOINT; Coleraine 1 Linfield 0 – Abandoned after 83 minutes: Two off then Linfield fans go wild.". Sunday Mirror. Retrieved 14 January 2013. 
  67. ^ Shane Hickey (22 May 2005). "Gardai make arrests as Linfield and Shelbourne fans trade taunts". Retrieved 28 February 2011. 
  68. ^ "Linfield criticise supporters ban". BBC Sport. 9 May 2005. Retrieved 14 January 2013. 
  69. ^ "Linfield fans charged in connection with Setanta match trouble". 16 April 2008. Retrieved 28 February 2011. 
  70. ^ "Pictured: The dramatic moment a footballer is hit by a rocket fired by opposition supporters". Daily Mail. 5 November 2008. Retrieved 28 February 2011. 
  71. ^ Stuart McKinley (26 December 2008). "Riot police deal with hooligan fans as Linfield beat Glentoran". Belfast Telegraph. Retrieved 28 February 2011. 
  72. ^ "The history of Linfield – Part 3". 17 September 2009. Retrieved 27 July 2010. 
  73. ^ "BLUES RECEIVE BLATTER PRAISE". 8 May 2006. Retrieved 3 August 2011. 
  74. ^ "Kicking politics to touch with a home-ground advantage". Irish Times. 16 February 2011. Retrieved 5 August 2011. 
  75. ^ "Linfield and Cliftonville fined over sectarian chanting". BBC Sport. 27 February 2014. Retrieved 24 March 2014. 
  76. ^ "Linfield hit out at Irish FA after receiving hefty fine". News Letter. 1 March 2014. Retrieved 24 March 2014. 
  77. ^ "Linfield and Cliftonville win appeals over sectarian chanting". BBC Sport. 12 April 2014. Retrieved 13 April 2014. 
  78. ^ "NIFL condemn trouble at Linfield-Cliftonville game". BBC Sport. 31 March 2014. Retrieved 2 April 2014. 
  79. ^ Linfield fined £1,200 by IFA over sectarian songs BBC News, 14 May 2014
  80. ^ "Player Profiles – First Team". linfieldfc.com. Retrieved 3 April 2014. 
  81. ^ "Loan arrangement for Conor McMenamin". linfieldfc.com. 27 August 2014. Retrieved 5 September 2014. 
  82. ^ "New squad numbers". linfieldfc.com. 8 June 2011. Retrieved 5 September 2014. 
  83. ^ "Pride once again". linfieldfc.com. 5 March 2014. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  84. ^ "linfieldfc.com – Personnel". linfieldfc.com. Retrieved 19 March 2014. 
  85. ^ a b c d e f g ""Look at Linfield" European article by Roy McGivern". linfieldfc.com. 25 July 2013. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  86. ^ "Jim Savoured Seven Trophy Success with Linfield". linfieldfc.com. Retrieved 25 July 2013. 
  87. ^ Crowley, Rod (8 February 2011). "'The Lisbon Lions' remembered: Celtic’s 1967 European Cup Winners". Retrieved 16 March 2011. 
  88. ^ Bradley, Steve (22 February 2005). "Football's last great taboo?". ESPN Soccernet. Retrieved 16 March 2011. 
  89. ^ "B36 Torshavn 0–0 Linfield (Linfield win 4–3 on penalties)". BBC Sport. 10 July 2012. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  90. ^ "Champions League qualifier: Linfield 0–0 AEL Limassol". BBC Sport. 25 July 2012. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  91. ^ "ÍF Fuglafjørður 0–2 Linfield". BBC Sport. 3 July 2013. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  92. ^ "Linfield 3–0 ÍF Fuglafjørður". BBC Sport. 10 July 2013. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  93. ^ "FC Xanthi 0–1 Linfield". BBC Sport. 18 July 2013. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  94. ^ "Linfield 1–2 FC Xanthi". BBC Sport. 25 July 2013. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  95. ^ "B36 Tórshavn 1–2 Linfield". BBC Sport. 3 July 2014. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  96. ^ "Europa League: Linfield 1–1 B36 Tórshavn". BBC Sport. 8 July 2014. Retrieved 8 July 2014. 
  97. ^ "Europa League: Linfield 1–0 AIK". BBC Sport. 17 July 2014. Retrieved 17 July 2014. 
  98. ^ "UEFA Team Ranking 2014". xs4all.nl. Retrieved 20 March 2014. 
  99. ^ "Comedy sketch riles Linfield boss", BBC, 19 February 2007

External links[edit]