Linden, New Jersey

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Linden, New Jersey
City
City of Linden
Motto: "Big enough to lead, small enough to care"
Location of Linden in Union County. Inset: Location of Union County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Location of Linden in Union County. Inset: Location of Union County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Linden, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Linden, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°37′31″N 74°14′16″W / 40.62523°N 74.237823°W / 40.62523; -74.237823Coordinates: 40°37′31″N 74°14′16″W / 40.62523°N 74.237823°W / 40.62523; -74.237823[1][2]
CountryUnited States
StateNew Jersey
CountyUnion
IncorporatedJanuary 1, 1925
Government[5]
 • TypeCity
 • MayorRichard J. Gerbounka (I, term ends December 31, 2014)[3]
 • ClerkJoseph Bodek[4]
Area[2]
 • Total11.407 sq mi (29.545 km2)
 • Land10.675 sq mi (27.648 km2)
 • Water0.732 sq mi (1.897 km2)  6.42%
Area rank197th of 566 in state
2nd of 21 in county[2]
Elevation[6]7 ft (2 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total40,499
 • Estimate (2012[7])40,880
 • Rank52nd of 566 in state
4th of 21 in county[8]
 • Density3,793.8/sq mi (1,464.8/km2)
 • Density rank164th of 566 in state
13th of 21 in county[8]
 [9][10][11][12]
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code07036[13][14]
Area code(s)908[15]
FIPS code3403940350[16][2][17]
GNIS feature ID0885278[18][2]
Websitewww.linden-nj.org
 
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Linden, New Jersey
City
City of Linden
Motto: "Big enough to lead, small enough to care"
Location of Linden in Union County. Inset: Location of Union County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Location of Linden in Union County. Inset: Location of Union County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Linden, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Linden, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°37′31″N 74°14′16″W / 40.62523°N 74.237823°W / 40.62523; -74.237823Coordinates: 40°37′31″N 74°14′16″W / 40.62523°N 74.237823°W / 40.62523; -74.237823[1][2]
CountryUnited States
StateNew Jersey
CountyUnion
IncorporatedJanuary 1, 1925
Government[5]
 • TypeCity
 • MayorRichard J. Gerbounka (I, term ends December 31, 2014)[3]
 • ClerkJoseph Bodek[4]
Area[2]
 • Total11.407 sq mi (29.545 km2)
 • Land10.675 sq mi (27.648 km2)
 • Water0.732 sq mi (1.897 km2)  6.42%
Area rank197th of 566 in state
2nd of 21 in county[2]
Elevation[6]7 ft (2 m)
Population (2010 Census)
 • Total40,499
 • Estimate (2012[7])40,880
 • Rank52nd of 566 in state
4th of 21 in county[8]
 • Density3,793.8/sq mi (1,464.8/km2)
 • Density rank164th of 566 in state
13th of 21 in county[8]
 [9][10][11][12]
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code07036[13][14]
Area code(s)908[15]
FIPS code3403940350[16][2][17]
GNIS feature ID0885278[18][2]
Websitewww.linden-nj.org

Linden is a city in southeastern Union County, New Jersey, United States. It is part of the New York Metropolitan Area, being about 13 miles (21 km) southwest of Manhattan, and bordering Staten Island, a borough of New York City. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population was 40,499,[10][11][12] reflecting an increase of 1,105 (+2.8%) from the 39,394 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 2,693 (+7.3%) from the 36,701 counted in the 1990 Census.[19]

Linden was originally formed as a township on March 4, 1861, from portions of Elizabeth, Rahway and Union Township. Portions of the township were taken to form Cranford (March 14, 1871), Linden Borough (March 30, 1882) and Roselle (December 20, 1894). Linden was incorporated as a city by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on January 1, 1925, replacing both Linden Township and Linden Borough, based on the results of a referendum held on November 8, 1923.[20]

Geography[edit]

Linden is located at 40°37′31″N 74°14′16″W / 40.62523°N 74.237823°W / 40.62523; -74.237823 (40.62523,-74.237823). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 11.407 square miles (29.545 km2), of which, 10.675 square miles (27.648 km2) of it was land and 0.732 square miles (1.897 km2) of it (6.42%) was water.[2][1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
18701,396
18801,889*35.3%
18902,0578.9%
19001,021*−50.4%
19102,598154.5%
19208,368222.1%
193021,206153.4%
194024,11513.7%
195030,64427.1%
196039,93130.3%
197041,4093.7%
198037,836−8.6%
199036,701−3.0%
200039,3947.3%
201040,4992.8%
Est. 201240,880[7]0.9%
Population sources:
1870-1920[21] 1870[22][23] 1880-1890[24]
1890-1910[25] 1910-1930[26]
1930-1990[27] 2000[28][29] 2010[9][10][11][12]
*=Lost territory in previous decade.[20]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 40,499 people, 14,909 households, and 10,272 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,793.8 per square mile (1,464.8 /km2). There were 15,872 housing units at an average density of 1,486.8 per square mile (574.1 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 59.15% (23,957) White, 26.88% (10,888) Black or African American, 0.29% (118) Native American, 2.71% (1,099) Asian, 0.02% (8) Pacific Islander, 7.57% (3,066) from other races, and 3.37% (1,363) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 24.93% (10,095) of the population.[10]

There were 14,909 households of which 29.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together, 17.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.1% were non-families. 26.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.27.[10]

In the city, 21.8% of the population were under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 28.0% from 25 to 44, 27.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38.8 years. For every 100 females there were 91.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.7 males.[10]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $55,859 (with a margin of error of +/- $2,529) and the median family income was $64,439 (+/- $4,027). Males had a median income of $45,890 (+/- $3,397) versus $39,288 (+/- $2,842) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $27,011 (+/- $1,161). About 5.9% of families and 7.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.1% of those under age 18 and 8.1% of those age 65 or over.[30]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[16] there were 39,394 people, 15,052 households, and 10,084 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,645.5 people per square mile (1,407.0/km²). There were 15,567 housing units at an average density of 1,440.6 per square mile (556.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 66.08% White, 22.80% African American, 0.14% Native American, 2.35% Asian, 0.04% Pacific Islander, 4.88% from other races, and 3.71% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.40% of the population.[28][29]

There were 15,052 households out of which 29.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.7% were married couples living together, 15.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.0% were non-families. 27.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.60 and the average family size was 3.21.[28][29]

In the city the population was spread out with 22.5% under the age of 18, 8.2% from 18 to 24, 30.4% from 25 to 44, 22.7% from 45 to 64, and 16.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 90.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.2 males.[28][29]

The median income for a household in the city was $46,345, and the median income for a family was $54,903. Males had a median income of $39,457 versus $30,395 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,314. About 5.0% of families and 6.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.1% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.[28][29]

Government[edit]

Linden, New Jersey (1974)

Local government[edit]

Linden is governed under the City form of government with a mayor and an 11-member City Council, of which 10 are elected from wards. The mayor and council president are elected at-large to four-year terms of office, while the other 10 members are elected from wards to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with two or four seats up for election each year.[5][31]

As of 2013, the Mayor of Linden is Richard J. Gerbounka (I, term of office ends December 31, 2014).[32] Members of the City Council are:[33][34][35][36][37]

John T. Gregorio, served as mayor of Linden for 30, nonconsecutive years until December 31, 2006, and was repeatedly tagged with scandal during his mayoral career, including one felony conviction, later pardoned, which forced him from office for two terms.[49]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Linden is located in the 10th Congressional District[50] and is part of New Jersey's 22nd state legislative district.[11][51][52] Prior to the 2010 Census, Linden had been split between the 7th Congressional District, the 10th Congressional Districta and the 13th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[53]

New Jersey's Tenth Congressional District is represented by Donald Payne, Jr. (D, Newark).[54] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[55][56] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[57][58]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 22nd Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Nicholas Scutari (D, Linden) and in the General Assembly by Jerry Green (D, Plainfield) and Linda Stender (D, Scotch Plains).[59][60] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[61] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[62]

Union County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose nine members are elected at-large to three-year terms of office on a staggered basis with three seats coming up for election each year, with an appointed County Manager overseeing the day-to-day operations of the county. At an annual reorganization meeting held in the beginning of January, the board selects a Chairman and Vice Chairman from among its members.[63] As of 2014, Union County's Freeholders are Chairman Christopher Hudak (D, Linden, term ends December 31, 2014),[64] Vice Chairman Mohamed S. Jalloh (D, Roselle, 2015),[65] Bruce Bergen (D, Springfield Township, 2015),[66] Linda Carter (D, Plainfield, 2016),[67] Angel G. Estrada (D, Elizabeth, 2014),[68] Sergio Granados (D, Elizabeth, 2016)[69] Bette Jane Kowalski (D, Cranford, 2016),[70] Alexander Mirabella (D, Fanwood, 2015)[71] and Vernell Wright (D, Union, 2014).[72][73] Constitutional officers elected on a countywide basis are County Clerk Joanne Rajoppi (D, Union, 2015),[74] Sheriff Ralph Froehlich (D, Union, 2016)[75] and Surrogate James S. LaCorte (D, Springfield Township, 2014).[76][77] The County Manager is Alfred Faella.[78]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 21,494 registered voters in Linden, of which 11,831 (55.0% vs. 41.8% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 1,319 (6.1% vs. 15.3%) were registered as Republicans and 8,339 (38.8% vs. 42.9%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 5 voters registered to other parties.[79] Among the city's 2010 Census population, 53.1% (vs. 53.3% in Union County) were registered to vote, including 67.9% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 70.6% countywide).[79][80]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 11,213 votes here (73.3% vs. 66.0% countywide), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 3,814 votes (24.9% vs. 32.3%) and other candidates with 135 votes (0.9% vs. 0.8%), among the 15,303 ballots cast by the city's 22,753 registered voters, for a turnout of 67.3% (vs. 68.8% in Union County).[81][82] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 10,728 votes here (66.5% vs. 63.1% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 5,037 votes (31.2% vs. 35.2%) and other candidates with 162 votes (1.0% vs. 0.9%), among the 16,142 ballots cast by the city's 22,266 registered voters, for a turnout of 72.5% (vs. 74.7% in Union County).[83] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 9,222 votes here (64.0% vs. 58.3% countywide), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 4,966 votes (34.4% vs. 40.3%) and other candidates with 116 votes (0.8% vs. 0.7%), among the 14,419 ballots cast by the city's 20,596 registered voters, for a turnout of 70.0% (vs. 72.3% in the whole county).[84]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 5,429 ballots cast (57.8% vs. 50.6% countywide), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 3,272 votes (34.8% vs. 41.7%), Independent Chris Daggett with 452 votes (4.8% vs. 5.9%) and other candidates with 98 votes (1.0% vs. 0.8%), among the 9,390 ballots cast by the city's 21,742 registered voters, yielding a 43.2% turnout (vs. 46.5% in the county).[85]

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

The Linden Public Schools serve students in pre-kindergarten through twelfth grade. Schools in the district (with 2010-11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[86]) are eight elementary schools — School No. 1[87] (grades 3–5; 291 students), School No. 2[88] (PreK-5; 285), School No. 4[89] (PreK-4; 432), School No. 5[90] (PreK-2; 338), School No. 6[91] (PreK-5; 342), School No. 8[92] (PreK-5; 324), School No. 9[93] (PreK-5; 387) and School No. 10[94] (PreK-5; 345) — Myles J. McManus Middle School[95] (741) and Joseph E. Soehl Middle School[96] (734) for grades 6–8 and Linden High School[97] for grades 9–12 (1,798).[98]

Private schools[edit]

Transportation[edit]

Highways[edit]

Linden is served by U.S. Route 1/9 and Route 27. In terms of limited access roads, the Garden State Parkway passes about 500 feet west of the city limits. The city is also the western terminus of Interstate 278, which travels through all five boroughs of New York City. The New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95) passes through the eastern portion of the city, with a few ramps that lead to the nearest exit (Exit 13 for I-278) which is right on the city limits with nearby Elizabeth.[101]

Public transportation[edit]

Local public transportation is provided by New Jersey Transit with bus service to Elizabeth, Perth Amboy and Newark. New Jersey Transit routes 112 and 115 provide local service and interstate service to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan, on the 62 and 94 routes to Newark, and local service on the 56 and 57 routes.[102]

The Linden train station[103] offers service on New Jersey Transit's North Jersey Coast Line and the Northeast Corridor Line, northbound to Newark Penn Station, Secaucus Junction and New York Penn Station, and southbound towards the Trenton Transit Center, with connections available at those locations[104][105]

Airport[edit]

Linden Airport is a small general aviation facility and reliever airport located on the eastern side of the city along U.S. Route 1/9. The airport was constructed for the United States Navy in 1942 for use in development and testing of the Grumman F4F Wildcat and was taken over by the City of Linden after the conclusion of World War II .[106] Newark Liberty International Airport is approximately 15 minutes away.

Industry[edit]

The east side of Linden is located along Arthur Kill, a navigable strait which plays an important role in bulk cargo transportation in the Port of New York and New Jersey.

Together with Elizabeth, Linden is home to the Bayway Refinery, a ConocoPhillips refining facility that helps supply petroleum-based products to the New York/New Jersey area, producing approximately 230,000 barrels per day (37,000 m3/d), making it the second-largest on the East Coast of the United States and one of the country's 25 largest facilities.[107]

In the mid-20th century, Linden was the headquarters for the Regal Records and De Luxe Records labels, as well as the budget record label Springboard International Records later in the century.

For many years, Linden was home to Linden Assembly, a General Motors manufacturing plant, which produced cars from 1937 through 2005. The plant produced Oldsmobile, Pontiac, Buick and other GM automobiles, but also produced planes during World War II.[108] As of Spring of 2008 most of the plant has been torn down for redevelopment by Duke Realty Corporation, which purchased the 100 acres (40 ha) site for $76.5 million.[109]

Linden, together with Rahway, is home to Merck & Co., one of the world's leading pharmaceutical companies. In 2003, the pharmaceutical company celebrated 100 years in Rahway and Linden.[110]

Popular culture[edit]

AND1 Mixtape Vol. 2[edit]

Linden was chosen as the primary filming location for Volume 2 of the streetball video series, AND1 Mixtapes.[111] One of the original five streetballers to sign with AND1, Waliyy Dixon, a Linden native who also goes by the nickname "Main Event," helped host a night of basketball at 4th Ward Park that claimed attendance by[111] 2,000 spectators.[111]

The Wrestler[edit]

Several scenes from the 2008 Mickey Rourke film The Wrestler, later nominated for several Academy Awards, were filmed in Linden.[112]

Notable people[edit]

Notable current and former residents of Linden include:

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Gazetteer of New Jersey Places, United States Census Bureau. Accessed June 14, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ Contacts, City of Linden. Accessed July 19, 2012.
  5. ^ a b 2012 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, March 2013, p. 94.
  6. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: City of Linden, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 7, 2013.
  7. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 - 2012 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 7, 2013.
  8. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed May 19, 2013.
  9. ^ a b 2010 Census Populations: Union County, Asbury Park Press. Retrieved July 23, 20121.
  10. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Linden city, Union County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 23, 2012.
  11. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011-2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 9. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  12. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Linden city, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed July 23, 2012.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Linden, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed July 23, 2012.
  14. ^ Zip Codes, State of New Jersey. Accessed October 18, 2013.
  15. ^ Area Code Lookup - NPA NXX for Linden, NJ, Area-Codes.com. Accessed October 18, 2013.
  16. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  17. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Retrieved July 23, 2012.
  18. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  19. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed July 23, 2012.
  20. ^ a b Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606-1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 239. Accessed July 23, 2012.
  21. ^ Compendium of censuses 1726-1905: together with the tabulated returns of 1905, New Jersey Department of State, 1906. Accessed October 18, 2013. Data is summed for Linden Township and Linden Borough for the census years of 1890-1920 when the two municipalities co-existed.
  22. ^ Raum, John O. The History of New Jersey: From Its Earliest Settlement to the Present Time, Volume 1, p. 281, J. E. Potter and company, 1877. Accessed October 18, 2013. "Linden had a population in 1870 of 1,396."
  23. ^ Staff. A compendium of the ninth census, 1870, p. 259. United States Census Bureau, 1872. Accessed October 18, 2013.
  24. ^ Porter, Robert Percival. Preliminary Results as Contained in the Eleventh Census Bulletins: Volume III - 51 to 75, p. 99. United States Census Bureau, 1890. Accessed October 18, 2013.
  25. ^ Thirteenth Census of the United States, 1910: Population by Counties and Minor Civil Divisions, 1910, 1900, 1890, United States Census Bureau, p. 339. Accessed October 18, 2013. Population for the three years is the sum of the data shown for the borough (936 in 1890, 402 in 1900 and 610 in 1910) and township (125 in 1890, 619 in 1900 and 1,988 in 1910)
  26. ^ Fifteenth Census of the United States : 1930 - Population Volume I, United States Census Bureau, p. 719. Accessed October 18, 2013. population for 1910 and 1920 is the sume of the population for the borough (610 in 1910 and 1,756 in 1920) and the township (1,988 in 1910 and 6,612 in 1920), as listed in footnote 20
  27. ^ New Jersey Resident Population by Municipality: 1930 - 1990, Workforce New Jersey Public Information Network, backed up by the Internet Archive as of May 2, 2009. Accessed May 19, 2013.
  28. ^ a b c d e Census 2000 Profiles of Demographic / Social / Economic / Housing Characteristics for Linden city, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 23, 2012.
  29. ^ a b c d e DP-1: Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2000 - Census 2000 Summary File 1 (SF 1) 100-Percent Data for Linden city, Union County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 23, 2012.
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  31. ^ Cerra, Michael F. "Forms of Government; Everything You've Always Wanted to Know,But Were Afraid to Ask", New Jersey State League of Municipalities. Accessed July 23, 2012. "The number of council members can vary. For instance, the City of Linden currently has eleven council members, a provision which preceded the 1987 revisions."
  32. ^ Mayor, City of Linden. Accessed October 18, 2013.
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  37. ^ Elected Officials Kenilworth – Roselle, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed May 19, 2013.
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  46. ^ Michele Yamakaitis, City of Linden. Accessed October 18, 2013.
  47. ^ Armando Medina, City of Linden. Accessed October 18, 2013.
  48. ^ Adam Kuczynski, City of Linden. Accessed October 18, 2013.
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  50. ^ Plan Components Report, New Jersey Redistricting Commission, December 23, 2011. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  51. ^ 2012 New Jersey Citizen's Guide to Government, p. 60, New Jersey League of Women Voters. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  52. ^ Districts by Number for 2011-2020, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed January 6, 2013.
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  54. ^ Directory of Representatives: New Jersey, United States House of Representatives. Accessed January 5, 2012.
  55. ^ Cory A. Booker, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013.
  56. ^ via Associated Press. "Booker is officially a U.S. senator after being sworn in", NJ.com, October 31, 2013. Accessed October 31, 2013. "Former Newark Mayor Cory Booker was sworn in as a Democratic senator from New Jersey today, taking the oath of office, exchanging hugs with Vice President Joe Biden and acknowledging the applause of friends and family members seated in the visitor's gallery that rings the chamber.... Booker, 44, was elected to fill out the term of the late Sen. Frank Lautenberg, who died earlier this year."
  57. ^ Biography of Bob Menendez, United States Senate. Accessed November 5, 2013. "He currently lives in North Bergen and has two children, Alicia and Robert."
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  60. ^ District 22 Legislators, New Jersey Legislature. Accessed February 6, 2014.
  61. ^ "About the Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  62. ^ "About the Lieutenant Governor". State of New Jersey. Retrieved 2010-01-21. 
  63. ^ County Government, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
  64. ^ Freeholder Christopher Hudak, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
  65. ^ Freeholder Mohamed S. Jalloh, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
  66. ^ Bruce Bergen, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
  67. ^ Freeholder Vice Chairman Linda Carter, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
  68. ^ Freeholder Angel G. Estrada, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
  69. ^ Freeholder Sergio Granados, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
  70. ^ Freeholder Bette Jane Kowalski, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
  71. ^ Freeholder Alexander Mirabella, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
  72. ^ Freeholder Vernell Wright, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
  73. ^ Board of Chosen Freeholders, Union County, New Jersey. Accessed January 26, 2014.
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  110. ^ To Merck & Co., Inc. for 100 years of community investment and redevelopment., New Jersey Future, 2003. Accessed July 23, 2012. "Merck & Co., Inc. is celebrating the 100th anniversary of its research and manufacturing facility in the cities of Rahway and Linden, where it has grown considerably with the support of its civic partners.In the summer of 1903, a small manufacturing operation began on 150 acres of land 20 miles southwest of New York City in Rahway, New Jersey."
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