Lincoln Park, Chicago

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Lincoln Park
—  Community area  —
Community Area 07 – Lincoln Park
Lincoln Park with downtown Skyline in background
Streetmap
Location within the city of Chicago
Coordinates: 41°55.2′N 87°39′W / 41.92°N 87.65°W / 41.92; -87.65Coordinates: 41°55.2′N 87°39′W / 41.92°N 87.65°W / 41.92; -87.65
CountryUnited States
StateIllinois
CountyCook
CityChicago
Neighborhoods
Area
 • Total3.19 sq mi (8.26 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total64,116
 • Density20,000/sq mi (7,800/km2)
Demographics 2010[1]
 • White82.88%
 • Black4.29%
 • Hispanic5.57%
 • Asian5.14%
 • Other2.12%
Time zoneCST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP Codesparts of 60614
Median household income[2]$82,707
Source: U.S. Census, Record Information Services
 
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Lincoln Park
—  Community area  —
Community Area 07 – Lincoln Park
Lincoln Park with downtown Skyline in background
Streetmap
Location within the city of Chicago
Coordinates: 41°55.2′N 87°39′W / 41.92°N 87.65°W / 41.92; -87.65Coordinates: 41°55.2′N 87°39′W / 41.92°N 87.65°W / 41.92; -87.65
CountryUnited States
StateIllinois
CountyCook
CityChicago
Neighborhoods
Area
 • Total3.19 sq mi (8.26 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total64,116
 • Density20,000/sq mi (7,800/km2)
Demographics 2010[1]
 • White82.88%
 • Black4.29%
 • Hispanic5.57%
 • Asian5.14%
 • Other2.12%
Time zoneCST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP Codesparts of 60614
Median household income[2]$82,707
Source: U.S. Census, Record Information Services

Lincoln Park, is one of the 77 Community areas of Chicago, USA, situated on its north side. Named after Lincoln Park, a vast park bordering Lake Michigan. Lincoln Park is bordered by the community areas of Lakeview to the north, North Center to the northwest, Logan Square to the west, West Town to the southwest, and Near North to the south.

Contents

History

This is an 1880's photo of 653 W Wrightwood (now 655 W Wrightwood) in the Lincoln Park Neighborhood of Chicago, Illinois. Note the wooden sidewalk, dirt road and lack of buildings surrounding the edifice.

The area now known as Lincoln Park in Chicago was primarily forest with stretches of grassland and occasional quicksand until the late 1820s when the Europeans arrived.

In 1824 the United States Army built a small post near today's Clybourn Avenue and Armitage Avenue (formerly Centre Street). Indian settlements existed along Green Bay Trail, now called Clark Street (named after George Rogers Clark), at the current intersection of Halsted Street and Fullerton Avenue. Before Green Bay Trail became Clark Street, it stretched as far as Green Bay, Wisconsin, and was part of what still is Green Bay Avenue in Milwaukee County, Wisconsin.[3][4]

In 1836, land from North to Fullerton and from the lake to Halsted was relatively inexpensive, costing $150 per acre ($370 ha) / 1836 prices, not adjusted for inflation). Because the area was considered remote, a small pox hospital and the city cemetery were located in Lincoln Park until the 1860s.

In 1837, Chicago was incorporated as a city, and North Avenue (to the south of today's Lincoln Park neighborhood) was established as its northern boundary. Settlements increased along Green Bay Trail when (1) the government offered land claims and (2) Green Bay Road was widened. The area north of Chicago, including today's Lincoln Park, was eventually incorporated as Lake View Township. The city, nonetheless, owned extensive tracts of land north of North Avenue, including what is the now the park. The Township was annexed to Chicago in 1889.

From 1896 to 1903, the original Ferris Wheel was located at a small amusement park near Clark and Wrightwood.[5] The site was from 2619 to 2665 N. Clark, which is now the location of a McDonald's and a high-rise residential building.[6]

The Biograph Theater on Lincoln avenue and (adjoining businesses) in 2008 redressed to appear as it did in 1934 for the film Public Enemies.

In 1968 a violent confrontation between demonstrators and police in Lincoln Park was avoided during the week of the 1968 Democratic National Convention.

"I pointed out that it was in the best interests of the City to have us in Lincoln Park ten miles away from the Convention hall. I said we had no intention of marching on the Convention hall, that I didn't particularly think that politics in America could be changed by marches and rallies, that what we were presenting was an alternative life style, and we hoped that people of Chicago would come up, and mingle in Lincoln Park and see what we were about."

Abbie Hoffman from the Chicago 7 trial[7]

Ethnic Composition

In the period following the Civil War, the area around around Southport and Clybourn became home to a community of Kashubian immigrants. Arriving from what is now north-western Poland, Chicago's Kashubians brought their own distinct culture and language, influenced by their rustic traditions and by their close contact with their German neighbors.

In 1882, St. Josaphat's Roman Catholic parish was established specifically for the Kashubian community. The resulting nickname of "Jozafatowo" (Polish for "Josaphat's Town") made the neighborhood one of Chicago's Polish Patches. The current Romanesque Revival church building was completed in 1902.

In the 1950s, 1960s and 1970s, Lincoln Park became home to the first Puerto Rican immigrants to Chicago. Jose (Cha-Cha) Jimenez transformed the local Young Lords gang into human rights activists for Latinos and the poor. They mounted sit-ins and takeovers of institutions and churches at Grant Hospital, Armitage Ave. Methodist Church, and McCormick Theological Seminary.

Today, a very small number of Puerto Ricans reside in Lincoln Park.[8] The neighborhood population is primarily made up of young urban professionals, recent college graduates, and young families.

Famous Residents

Lincoln Park was home to a number of important historic figures including:

A large number of significant business and civic leaders currently live in Lincoln Park including Penny Pritzker, Fred Eychaner,and Joe Mansueto.

Community area

Lincoln Park's boundaries are precisely defined in the city's list of official community areas. It is bordered on the north by Diversey Parkway, on the west by the Chicago River, on the south by North Avenue, and on the east by Lake Michigan.[17]

It encompasses a number of neighborhoods, including Lincoln Central, Mid-North, Old Town Triangle, Park West, RANCH Triangle, Sheffield, West DePaul (including half of the Julia C. Lathrop Homes) and Wrightwood Neighbors. The area also includes most of the Clybourn Corridor retail district, which continues into the Near North Side.

Lincoln Park is home to Lincoln Park High School, Francis W. Parker School, and DePaul University. Many students who attend these schools now live in this neighborhood. Lincoln Park is also home to four architecturally significant churches: St. Vincent de Paul Parish, St. Clement Church, St. Josaphat's (one of the many so-called 'Polish Cathedrals' in Chicago), and St. Michael's Church in the Old Town Triangle area of Lincoln Park. Visible from throughout the neighborhood, these monumental edifices tower over the neighborhood, lending the area much of its charm. The neighborhood also houses Children's Memorial Hospital (recently moved to Streeterville) and the currently closed Lincoln Park Hospital, which is slated for redevelopment to condominiums, medical offices, retail and commercial to be renamed Webster Square.

The neighborhood contains large number of upscale national retailers, boutiques, bookstores, restaurants and coffee shops. An Apple Store opened in October, 2010, as well as a Lacoste store across the street. There are also many bars and clubs in the area, especially along Lincoln Avenue between Wrightwood and Webster.

Lincoln Park is one of the wealthiest and most expensive communities in which to live. While the average single family house is priced around 1 million dollars, many homes in the area sell for more than 10 million dollars. In 2007, Forbes magazine named the area between Armitage Avenue, Willow Street, Burling Street, and Orchard Street as the most expensive block in Chicago.[18]

Lincoln Park (Chicago Park District)

Lincoln Park, for which the neighborhood was named, now stretches miles past the neighborhood of Lincoln Park. The park lies along the lakefront from Ohio Street Beach in the Streeterville neighborhood, northward to Ardmore Avenue in Edgewater. The section of Lincoln Park adjacent to the Lincoln Park neighborhood contains the Lincoln Park Zoo, Lincoln Park Conservatory, an outdoor theatre, a rowing canal, the Chicago History Museum, the Peggy Notebaert Nature Museum, the Alfred Caldwell Lily Pool, the North Pond Nature Sanctuary, North Avenue Beach, playing fields, a very prominent statue of General Grant, as well as, a famous statue of Abraham Lincoln (and many other statues).[19]

Transportation

Train stopped at the Fullerton (CTA) station.

The Lincoln Park neighborhood is accessible via mass transit, including the CTA's Red, Brown and Purple lines at the Fullerton station, the Purple and Brown lines at the Armitage and Diversey stations, as well as CTA bus service.

Via car, Lincoln Park can be reached by using Lake Shore Drive or the Kennedy Expressway.

Education

Lincoln Park residents are served by Chicago Public Schools, which includes neighborhood and city-wide options for students.

Lincoln Park High School serves as the sole neighborhood secondary education institution and is ranked one of Chicago's best public high schools. Nationally, Lincoln Park High School is ranked as the 90th best high school in the country by U.S. News & World Report.[20]

Additionally, two zoned elementary schools (grades K-8), Abraham Lincoln Elementary School[21] and Oscar Mayer Elementary School[22] are found in the neighborhood. LaSalle Language Academy and the Newberry Science Academy, both magnet schools, serve the neighborhood.

Private schools

The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Chicago operates the Saint Clement School,[23] a K-8 school, in the Lincoln Park area.

Saint James Lutheran School, a K-8 school, is located at 2101 N. Fremont St.

Francis W. Parker School, a K-12 school, is in the area.

Global Citizenship Experience High School,[24] a 9–12 school, is in the area.

Historical populations
CensusPop.
193097,873
1940100,8263.0%
1950102,3961.6%
196088,836−13.2%
197067,718−23.8%
198057,146−15.6%
199061,0926.9%
200064,3235.3%
201064,116−0.3%
[25]

Public libraries

Chicago Public Library operates the Lincoln Park Branch at 1150 West Fullerton Avenue.[26]

Restaurants

Lincoln Park has numerous restaurants; some of the best known and respected include Alinea, Charlie Trotter's, and North Pond Cafe. The Lettuce Entertain You restaurant chain started at R.J. Grunts at 2056 N. Lincoln Park West, which is also home to the one of the first salad bars.[27]

Music

Lincoln Park currently has a number of music venues including the Park West, Lincoln Hall, Neo nightclub, Kingston Mines and B.L.U.E.S.

Jelly Roll Morton recorded early jazz work in 1926 at the Webster Hotel ballroom (now Webster House) at 2150 N. Lincoln Park West.[28]

Photos

References

  1. ^ Paral, Rob. "Chicago Demographics Data". http://robparal.com/downloads/CDPH/Race%20by%20Community%20Area%202000-2010.xlsx. Retrieved 3 June 2012. 
  2. ^ Paral, Rob. "Chicago Census Data". http://www.robparal.com/downloads/CDPH/Citywide%20Summary.xlsx. Retrieved 22 September 2012. 
  3. ^ "Green Bay Road". http://www.edgewaterhistory.org/articles/index.html?v10-1-1.html. 
  4. ^ "Green Bay Road 2". http://packerland.blogspot.com/2008/01/historic-green-bay-road-to-chicago.html. 
  5. ^ "Paradises Lost" by Stan Barker in Chicago History March 1993, p.32)
  6. ^ Hyde Park Historical Society Ferris Wheel Follow-up. Hydeparkhistory.org. Retrieved on 2012-05-26.
  7. ^ Abbie Hoffman's testimony at the Chicago 7 trial. Law.umkc.edu. Retrieved on 2012-05-26.
  8. ^ www.nationalyounglords.com
  9. ^ Roger Brown Study Collection – Roger Brown Resources at SAIC. Saic.edu. Retrieved on 2012-05-26.
  10. ^ a b c d [1] Chicago Tribute Markers of Distinction
  11. ^ http://www.lincolnpark2520.com Lincoln Park2520
  12. ^ http://www.cabrinishrinechicago.com/ The National Shrine of Saint Francis Xavier Cabrini
  13. ^ [2] INTUIT, the Center for Intuitive and Outsider Art, Henry Darger Room
  14. ^ AIA Guide to Chicago, page 187 (1993 edition)
  15. ^ Richard Hunt Sculpture Map. Mapduh.com. Retrieved on 2012-05-26.
  16. ^ AIA Guide to Chicago, page 177 (1993 edition)
  17. ^ "Community Area 7 – Lincoln Park". City of Chicago – Department of Planning and Development. 2003. http://egov.cityofchicago.org/webportal/COCWebPortal/COC_EDITORIAL/Lincoln_Park.pdf. Retrieved August 28, 2009. 
  18. ^ "The Most Expensive Blocks In The U.S. – Forbes.com". August 31, 2007. http://www.forbes.com/2007/08/30/most-expensive-blocks-forbeslife-cx_mw_0831blocks.html. 
  19. ^ The Statues of Chicago's Lincoln Park. Lib.niu.edu. Retrieved on 2012-05-26.
  20. ^ "Lincoln Park High School: Best High Schools – USNews.com". http://www.usnews.com/listings/high-schools/illinois/lincoln_park_high_school. 
  21. ^ Abraham Lincoln Elementary School. Lincoln.cps.k12.il.us. Retrieved on 2012-05-26.
  22. ^ Oscar Mayer Magnet – Home. Mayer.cps.k12.il.us (December 16, 2011). Retrieved on 2012-05-26.
  23. ^ Saint Clement School. Public.stclementschool.org. Retrieved on 2012-05-26.
  24. ^ http://www.globalcitizenshipexperience.com//
  25. ^ Paral, Rob. "Chicago Community Areas Historical Data". Chicago Community Areas Historical Data. http://www.robparal.com/downloads/ACS0509/HistoricalData/Chicago%20Community%20Areas%20Historical%20Data.htm. Retrieved 30 August 2012. 
  26. ^ "Lincoln Park Library". Chicago Public Library. http://www.chipublib.org/branch/details/library/lincoln-park/. Retrieved November 15, 2008. 
  27. ^ Schmidt, Kate. (October 13, 2011) Sixteen venerable Chicago restaurants still ticking, Chicago Reader. Chicagoreader.com. Retrieved on 2012-05-26.
  28. ^ Jelly Roll Morton Recordings and Discography. Doctorjazz.co.uk. Retrieved on 2012-05-26.

External links