Lincoln, Nebraska

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Lincoln, Nebraska
City
Lincoln skyline
Lincoln skyline
Flag of Lincoln, Nebraska
Flag
Official seal of Lincoln, Nebraska
Seal
Nickname(s): Star City
Location in Nebraska
Location in Nebraska
Coordinates: 40°48′35″N 96°40′31″W / 40.80972°N 96.67528°W / 40.80972; -96.67528Coordinates: 40°48′35″N 96°40′31″W / 40.80972°N 96.67528°W / 40.80972; -96.67528
CountryUnited States
StateNebraska
CountyLancaster
DemonymLincolnite
Founded[1]
  Renamed
  Incorporated
1856
  July 29, 1867
  April 1, 1869
Government
 • MayorChris Beutler (D)
 • Legislature
 • U.S. CongressJeff Fortenberry (R)
Area[2]
 • City90.36 sq mi (234.03 km2)
 • Land89.11 sq mi (230.79 km2)
 • Water1.25 sq mi (3.24 km2)
Elevation1,176 ft (358 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • City258,379 (US: 72nd)
 • Estimate (2012[4])265,404
 • Density2,899.6/sq mi (1,119.5/km2)
 • Urban265,404 (US: 145th)
 • Metro310,342 (US: 158th)
Time zoneCST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
Area code(s)402, 531
FIPS code31-28000
GNIS feature ID0837279[5]
Websitelincoln.ne.gov
 
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Lincoln, Nebraska
City
Lincoln skyline
Lincoln skyline
Flag of Lincoln, Nebraska
Flag
Official seal of Lincoln, Nebraska
Seal
Nickname(s): Star City
Location in Nebraska
Location in Nebraska
Coordinates: 40°48′35″N 96°40′31″W / 40.80972°N 96.67528°W / 40.80972; -96.67528Coordinates: 40°48′35″N 96°40′31″W / 40.80972°N 96.67528°W / 40.80972; -96.67528
CountryUnited States
StateNebraska
CountyLancaster
DemonymLincolnite
Founded[1]
  Renamed
  Incorporated
1856
  July 29, 1867
  April 1, 1869
Government
 • MayorChris Beutler (D)
 • Legislature
 • U.S. CongressJeff Fortenberry (R)
Area[2]
 • City90.36 sq mi (234.03 km2)
 • Land89.11 sq mi (230.79 km2)
 • Water1.25 sq mi (3.24 km2)
Elevation1,176 ft (358 m)
Population (2010)[3]
 • City258,379 (US: 72nd)
 • Estimate (2012[4])265,404
 • Density2,899.6/sq mi (1,119.5/km2)
 • Urban265,404 (US: 145th)
 • Metro310,342 (US: 158th)
Time zoneCST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
Area code(s)402, 531
FIPS code31-28000
GNIS feature ID0837279[5]
Websitelincoln.ne.gov

Lincoln is the capital and the second-most populous city of the state of Nebraska, after Omaha. Lincoln is also the county seat of Lancaster County and the home of the University of Nebraska. Lincoln's population in 2012 was estimated at 265,404.

Lincoln was founded in 1856 as the village of Lancaster, and became the county seat of the newly created Lancaster County in 1859. The capital of Nebraska Territory had been Omaha since the creation of the territory in 1854; however, most of the territory's population lived south of the Platte River. After much of the territory south of the Platte considered annexation to Kansas, the legislature voted to move the capital south of the river and as far west as possible. The village of Lancaster was chosen, in part due to the salt flats and marshes.[6]

Omaha interests attempted to derail the move by having Lancaster renamed after the recently assassinated President Abraham Lincoln. Many of the people south of the river had been sympathetic to the Confederate cause in the recently concluded Civil War, and it was assumed that the legislature would not pass the measure if the future capital were named after Abraham Lincoln. The choice to name the capital city "Lincoln" caused quite a stir among the constituents, whose sentiments were mixed regarding who should have won the Civil War.[7]

Lincoln topped the CDC list of healthiest U.S. cities in 2008,[8] and in 2013, was #1 on the Gallup-Healthways list of "Happiest & Healthiest" cities.[9]

Geography[edit]

Detailed map of Lincoln streets and features.
View from the International Space Station (ISS), top looking SW at NE Lincoln.

Lincoln is located at 40°48′35″N 96°40′31″W / 40.80972°N 96.67528°W / 40.80972; -96.67528 (40.809868, −96.675345).[10] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 90.36 square miles (234.03 km2), of which, 89.11 square miles (230.79 km2) of it is land and 1.25 square miles (3.24 km2) is water.[2]

Lincoln is one of the few large cities of Nebraska not located along either the Platte River or the Missouri River. The city was originally laid out near Salt Creek and among the nearly flat saline wetlands of northern Lancaster County. The city's growth over the years has led to development of the surrounding land, much of which is composed of gently rolling hills. In recent years, Lincoln's northward growth has encroached on the habitat of the endangered Salt Creek tiger beetle.

Metropolitan area[edit]

The Lincoln metropolitan area consists of Lancaster County and Seward County, which was added to the metropolitan area in 2003. Lincoln has very little development outside its city limits and has no contiguous suburbs (the largest town that can be considered a suburb of Lincoln is Waverly). This is due primarily to the fact that most land that would otherwise be developed as a suburban town has already been annexed by the city of Lincoln itself.

Neighborhoods[edit]

View of south Lincoln from the top of the Nebraska State Capitol.

Lincoln's neighborhoods, like in other cities, include both old and new development. Some neighborhoods in Lincoln were formerly small towns that Lincoln later annexed, including University Place, Belmont, Bethany, College View, Havelock, and Hartley. A number of Historic Districts are located near Downtown Lincoln[11] while newer neighborhoods have appeared primarily in the south and east. As of December 2013, Lincoln had 45 registered neighborhood associations within the city limits.[12]

Climate[edit]

Located on the Great Plains far from the moderating influence of mountains or large bodies of water, Lincoln possesses a highly variable four-season humid continental climate (Köppen Dfa): winters are cold but relatively dry, summers are hot and occasionally humid. With little precipitation falling during winter, precipitation is concentrated in the warmer months, when thunderstorms frequently roll in, often producing tornadoes. Snow tends to fall in light amounts, though blizzards are possible. Snow cover is not very reliable due to both the low precipitation and the frequent thaws during winter.

The monthly daily average temperature ranges from 24.6 °F (−4.1 °C) in January to 77.6 °F (25.3 °C) in July. However, the city is subject both to episodes of bitter cold in winter and heat waves during summer, with 11.4 nights of sub-0 °F (−18 °C) lows, 41 days of 90 °F (32 °C)+ highs, and 4.6 days of 100 °F (38 °C)+ highs.[13] The city straddles the boundary of USDA Plant Hardiness Zones 5b and 6a,[14] indicating an annual minimum temperature of around −10 °F (−23 °C). Temperature extremes have ranged from −33 °F (−36 °C) on January 12, 1974 up to 115 °F (46 °C) on July 25, 1936.[13]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
18702,441
188013,003432.7%
189055,164324.2%
190040,169−27.2%
191043,9739.5%
192054,94825.0%
193075,93338.2%
194081,9848.0%
195098,88420.6%
1960128,52130.0%
1970149,51816.3%
1980171,93215.0%
1990191,97211.7%
2000225,58117.5%
2010258,37914.5%
Est. 2012265,4042.7%
U.S. Decennial Census[17]
2012 Estimate[18]

The U.S. Government designated Lincoln as a refugee-friendly city due to its stable economy, educational institutions, and size. Since then, refugees from Vietnam settled in Lincoln, and further waves came from other countries.[19]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 258,379 people, 103,546 households, and 60,300 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,899.6 inhabitants per square mile (1,119.5 /km2). There were 110,546 housing units at an average density of 1,240.6 per square mile (479.0 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 86.0% White, 3.8% African American, 0.8% Native American, 3.8% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 2.5% from other races, and 3.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 6.3% of the population.

View of Downtown Lincoln and surrounding neighborhoods in 2005.

There were 103,546 households of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.0% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.8% were non-families. 31.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 3.01.

The median age in the city was 31.8 years. 22.7% of residents were under the age of 18; 15.7% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 27.9% were from 25 to 44; 22.9% were from 45 to 64; and 10.7% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 50.0% male and 50.0% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 225,581 people, 90,485 households, and 53,567 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,022.2 inhabitants per square mile (1,166.9/km²). There were 95,199 housing units at an average density of 1,275.4 per square mile (492.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 89.25% White, 3.12% Asian, 3.09% African American, 0.68% Native American, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 1.81% from other races, and 1.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3.61% of the population.

There were 90,485 households out of which 29.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.3% were married couples living together, 9.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.8% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.99.

The median age in Lincoln was 31 years. 23.0% of the residents were below the age of 18; 16.4% were aged from 18 to 24; 30.7% from 25 to 44; 19.5% from 45 to 64; and 10.4% were 65 years of age or older. For every 100 females there were 99.2 males; for every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.0 males.

As of 2000 the median income for a household in the city was $40,605, and the median income for a family was $52,558. Men had a median income of $33,899 versus $25,402 for women. The per capita income for the city was $20,984. About 5.8% of families and 10.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.7% of those under age 18 and 6.0% of those age 65 or over.

Economy[edit]

Amigos Restaurant on N 48th & Leighton in Lincoln, NE

Lincoln's economy is fairly typical of a mid-sized American city; most economic activity is derived from service industries. The state government and the University of Nebraska-Lincoln are both large contributors to the local economy. Other prominent industries in Lincoln include medical, banking, information technology, education, call centers, insurance, and rail and truck transport. For January 2014, Lincoln's preliminary unemployment rate was 3.6% (not seasonally adjusted).[20]

One of the largest employers is the Bryan Health System, which consists of two major hospitals and several large outpatient facilities located across the city. Healthcare and medical jobs account for a substantial portion of Lincoln's employment: as of 2009, full-time healthcare employees in the city included 9,010 healthcare practitioners in technical occupations, 4,610 workers in healthcare support positions, 780 licensed and vocational nurses, and 150 medical and clinical laboratory technicians.[21]

Several national business were originally established in Lincoln; these include student lender Nelnet, Fort Western Stores and HobbyTown USA. Several regional restaurant chains began in Lincoln, including Amigos/Kings Classic, Runza Restaurants and Valentino's.

In 2013, Lincoln ranked No. 4 on Forbes' list of the Best Places for Business and Careers.[22]

Top employers[edit]

According to the City's 2012 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,[23] the top employers in the city are:

#Employer# of Employees
1State of Nebraska8,894
2Lincoln Public Schools7,515
3University of Nebraska–Lincoln6,006
4BryanLGH Medical Center3,865
5United States Government3,035
6City of Lincoln2,587
7St. Elizabeth Regional Medical Center2,259
8Burlington Northern Railroad1,800
9B&R Stores, Inc.1,506
10State Farm Insurance1,382

Arts, entertainment, and culture[edit]

Lincoln's primary venues for live music include: Pinnacle Bank Arena, Pershing Auditorium (both for large tours and national acts), Bourbon Theatre, Duffy's Tavern, Red9 (opened in 2009, previously P.O. Pears), Knickerbockers, Duggan's Pub (local and regional acts; smaller venues), and the Zoo Bar (blues). The Pla-Mor Ballroom is a staple of Lincoln's music and dance scene, featuring its house band, the award-winning Sandy Creek Band.

The Lied Center is a venue for national tours of Broadway productions, concert music, and guest lectures. Lincoln has several performing arts venues. Plays are staged by UNL students in the Temple Building; community theater productions are held at the Lincoln Community Playhouse, the Loft at The Mill, and the Haymarket Theater.

Downtown Lincoln at night (14th and O Streets)

For movie viewing, Marcus Theatres owns 32 screens at four locations, and the University of Nebraska's Mary Riepma Ross Media Arts Center shows independent and foreign films. Standalone cinemas in Lincoln include the Joyo Theater and Rococo Theater. The Rococo Theater also hosts benefits and other engagements. The downtown section of O Street is Lincoln's primary bar and nightclub district.

Lincoln is the hometown of Zager and Evans, known for their international No. 1 hit record, "In the Year 2525". It is also the home town of several notable musical groups, such as Remedy Drive, VOTA, the Bathtub Dogs, For Against, Lullaby for the Working Class, Matthew Sweet, Dirtfedd, The Show is the Rainbow and Straight. Lincoln is also home to Maroon 5 guitarist James Valentine.

In 2012, the city was listed among the 10 best places to retire in the United States by U.S. News & World Report.[24]

Sites of interest[edit]

The Capitol at night

Arboretums[edit]

Attractions[edit]

Event Venues/Arenas[edit]

Historic Sites[edit]

Museums[edit]

University of Nebraska–Lincoln[edit]

Annual events[edit]

Sports teams[edit]

Lincoln is best known for the university's football team, the Nebraska Cornhuskers. In total, the University of Nebraska fields 24 men's and women's teams in 14 NCAA Division I sports. Other sports teams are the Nebraska Wesleyan Prairie Wolves, a GPAC & NCAA Division III independent University; the Lincoln Saltdogs, an American Association independent minor league baseball team; the Lincoln Stars, a USHL junior ice hockey team; the Lincoln Haymakers, a member of the Champions Professional Indoor Football League; the No Coast Derby Girls, a member of the Women's Flat Track Derby Association.

Parks/Recreation[edit]

Lincoln has an extensive park system, with over 125 individual parks. The parks are connected by a 131 mi (211 km)[67] system of recreational trails. The MoPac Trail extends through Lincoln.

Additionally, there are Holmes Park, Oak Lake Park, Max E. Roper Park, Tierra Park, Antelope Park (which contains the Lincoln Children's Zoo, and the Bicentennial Cascade Fountain), and Mahoney Park.

Law and government[edit]

East side of Old City Hall in Lincoln, 1942

Lincoln has a mayor-council government. The mayor and a seven-member city council are selected in nonpartisan elections. Four members are elected from city council districts; the remaining three members are elected at-large. Lincoln's health, personnel, and planning departments are joint city/county agencies; most city and Lancaster County offices are located in the County/City Building.

Since Lincoln is the state capital, many Nebraska state agencies and offices are located in Lincoln, as are several United States Government agencies and offices. The Nebraska Air and Army National Guard's Joint Force Headquarters are located in Lincoln.[72] The city lies within the Lincoln Public Schools school district; the primary law enforcement agency for the city is the Lincoln Police Department. The Lincoln Fire and Rescue Department shoulders the city's fire fighting and ambulatory services while outlying areas of the city are supported by volunteer fire fighting units.

The city's public library system is Lincoln City Libraries, which has eight branches. Lincoln City Libraries circulates more than three million items per year to the residents of Lincoln and Lancaster County. Lincoln City Libraries is also home to Polley Music Library and the Jane Pope Geske Heritage Room of Nebraska authors.

Education[edit]

Primary and secondary education[edit]

Lincoln Public Schools is the sole public school district in the city. There are six traditional high schools in the district: Lincoln High, East, Northeast, North Star, Southeast, and Southwest. Additionally, Lincoln Public Schools is home to special interest high schools including the Arts and Humanities Focus Program, the Zoo School, the Information Technology Focus Program, and the Entrepreneurship Focus Program.

There are several private parochial elementary and middle schools located throughout the community. These schools, like Lincoln Public Schools, are broken into districts, but most will allow attendance outside of boundary lines.

Private high schools located in Lincoln are College View Academy, Lincoln Christian, Lincoln Lutheran, Parkview Christian and Pius X High School.

Colleges and universities[edit]

The University of Nebraska–Lincoln, the flagship campus of the University of Nebraska system, is the largest university in Nebraska. Other colleges and universities based in Lincoln are: BryanLGH College of Health Sciences, Nebraska Wesleyan University, Southeast Community College and Union College.

Colleges and universities with satellite locations in Lincoln are Bellevue University, Concordia University, Nebraska, College of Saint Mary, Doane College, and Kaplan University.

Local media[edit]

Television[edit]

Three-to-four-story brick buildings
H. P. Lau Building in Haymarket District

Lincoln has four licensed broadcast television stations:

The headquarters of Nebraska Educational Telecommunications (NET), which is affiliated with the Public Broadcasting Service, National Public Radio and Public Radio International, are in Lincoln.

Lincoln is one of the few cities without its own NBC affiliate; Omaha's WOWT serves as the city's default NBC affiliate on cable, while Hastings' KHAS-TV is available in satellite locals packages. Most of Omaha's other television stations can also be picked up in Lincoln with an antenna, and all are available on cable.

Lincoln also has analog TV translators for 3ABN on channel 27 and TBN on channel 29.

Radio[edit]

There are 22 radio stations in Lincoln.

FM stations include:

AM stations include:

Most areas of Lincoln also receive radio signals from Omaha and other surrounding communities.

Print[edit]

The Lincoln Journal Star is the city's major daily newspaper. The Daily Nebraskan is the official campus paper of the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. The DailyER Nebraskan is the University of Nebraska-Lincoln's biweekly satirical paper. The Clocktower is the official campus paper of Union College.

Transportation[edit]

The Eagle Fruit Store and Capitol Hotel in downtown Lincoln during the 1940s.

Rail[edit]

Amtrak provides service to Lincoln, operating its California Zephyr daily in each direction between Chicago and Emeryville, California, using BNSF's Lincoln - Denver route through Nebraska. Freight service is provided by BNSF Railway, the Union Pacific Railroad and Lincoln's own Omaha, Lincoln and Beatrice Railway Company.[74] Lincoln was also once served by the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad (Rock Island), the Missouri Pacific Railroad (MoPac) and the Chicago and North Western Transportation Company (C&NW)[75] (most of the abandoned right-of-way of these former railroads have since been turned into bicycle trails).

Bus[edit]

A public bus transit system, StarTran, operates in Lincoln. StarTran's fleet consists of 60 full-sized buses and 9 Handi-Vans.[76] Lincoln is also served by Black Hills Stage Lines for regional bus service between Omaha and Denver.[77]

Air[edit]

The Lincoln Airport (KLNK/LNK) provides passengers with daily non-stop service to United Airlines hubs O'Hare International Airport and Denver International Airport as well as Delta Air Lines hub Minneapolis-Saint Paul International Airport. Regional jet service on Delta Air Lines to Salt Lake City and Atlanta was discontinued in 2009. In the past Allegiant Air departed Wednesdays and Saturdays to McCarran International Airport in Las Vegas aboard their fleet of MD-80s. However, this service has ended in Lincoln and has been transferred to the Central Nebraska Regional Airport. General aviation support is provided through several private aviation companies.[78] The Lincoln Airport was also among the emergency landing sites for the NASA Space Shuttle. The Lincoln Airport has the 3rd longest runway in the world.[79]

Highway[edit]

Lincoln is served by I-80.svg Interstate 80 via 7.5 interchanges, connecting the city to San Francisco and Teaneck, New Jersey.[80] Other Highways that serve the Lincoln area are I-180.svg Interstate 180, US 6.svg U.S. Highway 6, US 34.svg U.S. Highway 34 and US 77.svg U.S. Highway 77. N-2.svg Nebraska Highway 2 (East) is a primary trucking route that connects Kansas City (Interstate 29) to the I-80 corridor in Lincoln. A few additional minor State Highway segments reside within the city as well.[81]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Founded as "Lancaster".
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-24. 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-06-24. 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-22. 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "Lincoln ne History". Nebraska-lincoln.com. Retrieved July 30, 2012. 
  7. ^ "Lincoln Convention and Visitors Bureau | Why Visit Lincoln? | History". Lincoln.org. Retrieved August 29, 2011. 
  8. ^ "Healthiest, Unhealthiest U.S. Cities". Webmd.com. 2008-11-17. Retrieved 2012-10-17. 
  9. ^ Zeveloff, Julie (March 27, 2013). "The 10 Happiest And Healthiest Cities In America". BusinessInsider.com. Retrieved 2013-11-24.  (with link to Gallup study)
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ "lincoln.ne.gov - Planning Department - Long Range Planning - Historic Preservation - Sites and Districs". City of Lincoln, Nebraska. Retrieved 13 December 2013. 
  12. ^ "lincoln.ne.gov - Urban Development - Neighborhood Statistics". City of Lincoln, Nebraska. Retrieved 13 December 2013. 
  13. ^ a b "Climatology of the United States No. 20: LINCOLN AP, NE 1971–2000" (PDF). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. July 2011. Retrieved March 13, 2010. 
  14. ^ [1]
  15. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data". Retrieved March 1, 2012. 
  16. ^ "Climatological Normals of Lincoln". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved June 7, 2010. 
  17. ^ United States Census Bureau. "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 22, 2013. 
  18. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved June 22, 2013. 
  19. ^ "'We've Found Peace in This Land'." Parade. October 10, 2010. Retrieved August 17, 2011.
  20. ^ "Lincoln Labor Area Summary". Nebraska Department of Labor. Retrieved 24 January, 2014. 
  21. ^ "Lincoln Career, Salary & Employment Info". 
  22. ^ "Best Places For Business and Careers - Forbes". Forbes. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  23. ^ "Comprehensive Annual Financial Report Fiscal Year Ended August 31, 2012". City of Lincoln, Nebraska. Retrieved November 28, 2013. 
  24. ^ The 10 Best Places to Retire in 2012
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  27. ^ (nd) Downtown Lincoln Association webpage. Downtown Lincoln Association. Retrieved 3/6/08.
  28. ^ "Deer Springs Winery". Deer Springs Winery. Retrieved November 28,2013. 
  29. ^ (nd) Lincoln Children's Zoo website. Retrieved July 6, 2007.
  30. ^ "About Us - LUX Center". Lux Center for the Arts. Retrieved November 28,2013. 
  31. ^ "Welcome to the Pershing Center - Lincoln, NE". Pershing Center. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
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  33. ^ "Pinewood Bowl Theater". Pinewood Bowl Theater. Retrieved November 28, 2013. 
  34. ^ (nd) Lincoln Children's Museum website. Retrieved July 6, 2007.
  35. ^ (nd) Museum of American Speed website. Retrieved July 6, 2007.
  36. ^ (nd) Schleich Red Wing Pottery Museum website. Retrieved July 6, 2007.
  37. ^ "Eisentrager Howard Gallery - Hixson-Leid College of Fine and Performing Arts - University of Nebraska-Lincoln". University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Retrieved November 28, 2013. 
  38. ^ "krugercollection.unl.edu". krugercollection.unl.edu. Retrieved 2012-11-04. 
  39. ^ "Johnny Carson Theater - Hixson-Leid College of Fine and Performing Arts - University of Nebraska-Lincoln". University of Nebraska-Lincoln. Retrieved December 1, 2013. 
  40. ^ "textilegallery.unl.edu". textilegallery.unl.edu. 2009-07-23. Retrieved 2012-11-04. 
  41. ^ "UNL Botanical Garden & Arboretum (East Campus) - Nebraska Statewide Arboretum - University of Nebraska-Lincoln". Nebraska Statewide Arboretum. Retrieved November 28,2013. 
  42. ^ "Visit the University of Nebraska State Museum at Morrill Hall". University of Nebraska State Museum. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  43. ^ "Visitor Information - Mueller Planetarium". University of Nebraska State Museum. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  44. ^ "Mueller Planetarium - A 50 Year History". Mueller Planetarium. Retrieved 11 February 2014. 
  45. ^ "Abraham Lincoln Birthday Celebration Features "Lincoln" Movie and Lecture". City of Lincoln, Nebraska. Retrieved November 27, 2013. 
  46. ^ "Nebraska Schools Activities Association - Swimming/Diving". Nebraska School Activities Association. Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  47. ^ "Special Olympics Nebraska - Events - Polar Plunge - Overview". Special Olympics - Nebraska. Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  48. ^ "Lincoln Earth Day". Lincoln Earth Day. Retrieved 21 February 2014. 
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  52. ^ "Lincoln Track Club - Havelock Run". Lincoln Track Club. Retrieved November 27, 2013. 
  53. ^ "GoLincolnGo: Events". GoLincolnGo. Retrieved November 27, 2013. 
  54. ^ "Formula SAE West – Formula Series – Collegiate Design Series – SAE Student Central". Students.sae.org. 2012-10-01. Retrieved 2012-10-17. 
  55. ^ "Historic Haymarket". Historichaymarket.info. Retrieved August 29, 2011. 
  56. ^ "http://journalstar.com/trail-trek/". Lincoln Journal-Star. Retrieved November 28, 2013. 
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  58. ^ "Overview - Cornhusker State Games". Nebraska Sports Council. Retrieved November 27, 2013. 
  59. ^ "Race Details - NSC Events". Nebraska Sports Council. Retrieved November 27, 2013. 
  60. ^ Sports Car Club of America Website, Sports Car Club of America, Inc.
  61. ^ "Pumpkin Run - NSC Events". Nebraska Sports Council. Retrieved November 27, 2013. 
  62. ^ "Market to Market Relay Nebraska - Team Running Relay from Omaha to Lincoln". Market to Market Relay. Retrieved November 27, 2013. 
  63. ^ "Boo at the Zoo". Lincoln Children's Zoo. Retrieved November 27, 2013. 
  64. ^ "Nebraska School Activities Association Volleyball". Nebraska School Activities Association. Retrieved November 28, 2013. 
  65. ^ "State volleyball returning to Lincoln - Omaha.com". The Omaha World Herald. Retrieved November 28, 2013. 
  66. ^ "Pinewood Bowl - Carol Sing!". Pinewood Bowl, Inc. Retrieved December 10, 2013. 
  67. ^ "About Lincoln Parks & Recreation". Lincoln.ne.gov. Lincoln Parks & Recreation. Retrieved November 27, 2013. 
  68. ^ "Lincoln Parks & Recreation - Hamann Rose Garden". Lincoln Parks & Recreation. Retrieved November 29, 2013. 
  69. ^ "Nine Mile Prairie - School of Natural Resources - University of Nebraska-Lincoln". School of Natural Resources, UNL. Retrieved 3 February 2014. 
  70. ^ (nd) Sunken Gardens webpage. City of Lincoln. Retrieved July 6, 2007.
  71. ^ "Interlinc: Antelope Valley - Union Plaza". City of Lincoln, Nebraska. Retrieved December 10, 2013. 
  72. ^ "Nebraska National Guard - About Us". Nebraska Military Department. Retrieved November 27, 2013. 
  73. ^ "NET Television Network - netnebraska.org". netnebraska.org. Retrieved November 27, 2013. 
  74. ^ "OL&B Railway - Home". NEBCO. Retrieved November 27, 2013. 
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