Lillehammer

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Lillehammer kommune
Municipality
Lillehammer
Lillehammer
Coat of arms of Lillehammer kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Lillehammer kommune
Oppland within
Norway
Lillehammer within Oppland
Lillehammer within Oppland
Coordinates: 61°7′48″N 10°25′57″E / 61.13000°N 10.43250°E / 61.13000; 10.43250Coordinates: 61°7′48″N 10°25′57″E / 61.13000°N 10.43250°E / 61.13000; 10.43250
CountryNorway
CountyOppland
DistrictGudbrandsdal
Administrative centreLillehammer
Government
 • Mayor (2012)Espen Johnsen
Area
 • Total477 km2 (184 sq mi)
 • Land450 km2 (170 sq mi)
Area rank211 in Norway
Population (2011)
 • Total26,639
 • Rank33 in Norway
 • Density56/km2 (150/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)5.0 %
DemonymLillehamring[1]
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 codeNO-0501
Official language formBokmål
Websitelillehammer.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway
 
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This article is about the Norwegian town. For the TV series, see Lilyhammer.
Lillehammer kommune
Municipality
Lillehammer
Lillehammer
Coat of arms of Lillehammer kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Lillehammer kommune
Oppland within
Norway
Lillehammer within Oppland
Lillehammer within Oppland
Coordinates: 61°7′48″N 10°25′57″E / 61.13000°N 10.43250°E / 61.13000; 10.43250Coordinates: 61°7′48″N 10°25′57″E / 61.13000°N 10.43250°E / 61.13000; 10.43250
CountryNorway
CountyOppland
DistrictGudbrandsdal
Administrative centreLillehammer
Government
 • Mayor (2012)Espen Johnsen
Area
 • Total477 km2 (184 sq mi)
 • Land450 km2 (170 sq mi)
Area rank211 in Norway
Population (2011)
 • Total26,639
 • Rank33 in Norway
 • Density56/km2 (150/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)5.0 %
DemonymLillehamring[1]
Time zoneCET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST)CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 codeNO-0501
Official language formBokmål
Websitelillehammer.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Lillehammer (Norwegian pronunciation: [ˈlɪləˈhɑmər]  ( listen)) is a town and municipality in Oppland county, Norway. It is part of the traditional region of Gudbrandsdal. The administrative centre of the municipality is the town of Lillehammer. As of May 2011, the population of the town of Lillehammer was 26,639. The city centre is a late 19th-century concentration of wooden houses, which enjoys a picturesque location overlooking the northern part of lake Mjøsa and the river Lågen, surrounded by mountains. Lillehammer hosted the 1994 Winter Olympics and will host the 2016 Winter Youth Olympics.[2] Before Oslo's withdrawal from consideration, it was included as part of a bid to host events in the 2022 Winter Olympics if Oslo would have won the rights to hold the Games.

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) was named after the old Hamar (Norse Hamarr) farm, since the first church was built there. The name is identical with the word hamarr (rocky hill). To distinguish it from the nearby town and bishopric, both called Hamar, it began to be called "little Hamar": Lilþlæ Hamar and Litlihamarr, and finally Lillehammer. It is also mentioned in the Old Norse sagas as Litlikaupangr ("Little Trading Place").[3][4]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms was granted in 1898 and shows a birkebeiner, carrying a spear and a shield, who is skiing down a mountainside. It symbolizes the historical importance of when the Birkebeiners carried the to-be-King Haakon from Lillehammer to Rena on skis.[5]

History[edit]

Lillehammer Church

The area has been settled since the Norwegian Iron Age; it is also mentioned as a site for council in 1390. Lillehammer had a lively market by the 1800s and obtained rights as a merchant city on 7 August 1827, at which point there were 50 registered residents within its boundaries.[citation needed]

The town of Lillehammer was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838.

Further information: formannskapsdistrikt

The rural municipality of Fåberg was merged into the municipality of Lillehammer on 1 January 1964.[citation needed]

Lillehammer was the site of the Lillehammer affair in 1973, wherein operatives of the Israeli Mossad shot and killed a Moroccan waiter they mistakenly thought was Ali Hassan Salameh, who was involved in the Munich Massacre.

Lillehammer is known as a typical venue for winter sporting events; it was host city of the 1994 Winter Olympics, will host the 2016 Winter Youth Olympics, and is currently part of a joint bid with applicant host city Oslo to host events part of the 2022 Winter Olympics, if Oslo wins the rights to the games.[citation needed]

In 2005, the popular British automotive show Top Gear aired its "Winter Olympics special", an episode of various Olympic event-themed challenges involving cars, set in the surrounding area of Lillehammer.[citation needed]

Education[edit]

A number of schools are located in Lillehammer including the Hammartun Lower Secondary School Lillehammer High School, Mesna High School, Vargstad High School are the three public high schools in Lillehammer, in addition to the private Norges Toppidrettsgymnas. Lillehammer University College is situated just north of the town itself.

Nansen Academy - the Norwegian Humanistic Academy: The Nansen Academy is an educational institution for adult students with different political, religious, and cultural backgrounds. The Academy is founded on the inheritance of humanism and aims at strengthening the knowledge about this inheritance.

The 14th World Scout Jamboree was held July 29 to August 7, 1975 and was hosted by Norway at Lillehammer.

Geography[edit]

Lillehammer is located to the south of the municipality of Øyer, to the southeast of Gausdal, northeast of Nordre Land, and to the north of Gjøvik, all in Oppland county. To the southeast, it is bordered by Ringsaker municipality in Hedmark county. Lillehammer has a subarctic inland climate. It has moderate precipitation, higher in summer and autumn. To the northwest is the mountain Spåtind.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Lillehammer
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)−6
(21)
−4
(25)
1
(34)
6
(43)
13
(55)
18
(64)
19
(66)
17
(63)
12
(54)
7
(45)
0
(32)
−4
(25)
5
(41)
Daily mean °C (°F)−9
(16)
−7.5
(18.5)
−3.5
(25.7)
1.5
(34.7)
8
(46)
13
(55)
14
(57)
12.5
(54.5)
8
(46)
4
(39)
−3
(27)
−7
(19)
2.5
(36.5)
Average low °C (°F)−12
(10)
−11
(12)
−8
(18)
−3
(27)
3
(37)
8
(46)
9
(48)
8
(46)
4
(39)
1
(34)
−6
(21)
−10
(14)
−1.5
(29.3)
Precipitation mm (inches)46
(1.81)
35
(1.38)
40
(1.57)
37
(1.46)
58
(2.28)
77
(3.03)
89
(3.5)
90
(3.54)
86
(3.39)
85
(3.35)
68
(2.68)
50
(1.97)
761
(29.96)
Avg. precipitation days161313111416181716161616182
Source: World Weather Information Service[6]

Economy[edit]

The basis for the city's commerce is its position as the northernmost point of the lake Mjøsa and as the gateway for the Gudbrandsdal region, through which the historical highway to Trondheim passes. The Mesna river has provided the basis for several small industries through the years, but Lillehammer is now all but industry-less.

Transport[edit]

One of the major Norwegian rail lines, the Dovrebanen, runs from Hamar to the north through Lillehammer on its way up the Gudbrandsdal, to terminate in Trondheim.

European route E6 passes through Lillehammer.

Attractions[edit]

Storgata shopping area

In addition to the Olympic site, Lillehammer offers a number of other tourist attractions:

Sport[edit]

Olympic ski jump

Sportclubs[edit]

Notable residents[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

The following cities are twinned with Lillehammer:[7]

Lillehammer has also friendly connections with

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Personnemningar til stadnamn i Noreg" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. 
  2. ^ Lillehammer awarded 2016 Winter Youth Olympic Games
  3. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1900). Norske gaardnavne: Kristians amt (4 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 219.  (Norwegian)
  4. ^ "Lillehammers historie". Lillehammer kommune. Retrieved 2009-01-04. [dead link] (Norwegian)
  5. ^ "Historiske Linjer". National Archives of Norway. Retrieved 2009-01-04.  (Norwegian)
  6. ^ "Weather Information for Lillehammer". World Weather Information Service. Retrieved 19 September 2009. 
  7. ^ "Lillehammers vennskapsbyer" (Microsoft Word). Lillehammer kommune. Retrieved 2014-05-31.  (Norwegian)
  8. ^ "Radviliskis". Radviliskis. Retrieved 3 May 2014. 

External links[edit]