Lieutenant Governor of Florida

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Lieutenant Governor of Florida
Seal of Florida.svg
Official seal
Incumbent
Jennifer Carroll

since January 4, 2011
Term length4 years, renewable once
FormationAugust 25th, 1959
WebsiteOfficial Site
 
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Lieutenant Governor of Florida
Seal of Florida.svg
Official seal
Incumbent
Jennifer Carroll

since January 4, 2011
Term length4 years, renewable once
FormationAugust 25th, 1959
WebsiteOfficial Site

The Lieutenant Governor of Florida is a statewide elected office in the government of the U.S. state of Florida. According to the Florida Constitution, the lieutenant governor is elected to a four-year term congruent with that of the Governor of Florida, and succeeds to the office of Governor if it becomes vacant. The current Lieutenant Governor of Florida is Jennifer Carroll, who took office on January 4, 2011.

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Description and duties

The lieutenant governor is currently the second-ranking member of the executive branch of the state Government of Florida. The lieutenant governor succeeds to the office of governor if the office becomes vacant, and may also serve as acting governor of the governor is incapacitated or absent from the state.

In the modern setup the lieutenant governor is elected on the same party ticket as the gubernatorial candidate. Although gubernatorial candidates are not required to have a running mate for the party primary elections, the state constitution requires a "joint candidacy" for the general election. Statewide elections for governor, lieutenant governor and the state cabinet take place every four years.

Once elected, the lieutenant governor is first in the line of succession, serving upon vacancy in the office of governor. The position of Lieutenant Governor of Florida was restored with the 1968 revision of the Florida state constitution (See Article IV, Section 2). Prior to 1968, the president of the state senate was first in the line of succession. According to the state constitution, the conditions for succession include impeachment or incapacity of the sitting governor. Incapacity is determined by state supreme court after recommendation by three cabinet members or otherwise certified by the governor with the state custodian of records (the Secretary of State of Florida). The Lieutenant Governor can be impeached for committing a "misdemeanor in office" by the State Legislature, and convicted and thereby removed from office by a two-thirds vote of the State Senate. Two lieutenant governors have assumed the office of Governor since 1968. Wayne Mixson become governor briefly when Bob Graham resigned to assume his elected seat in the U.S. Senate. Buddy MacKay completed the unfinished term of outgoing Governor Lawton Chiles after the late governor died in office.

History

The position of Lieutenant Governor has been used in Florida's government twice in the state's history. The first period spanned from 1865, after the American Civil War, through 1889.[1] During this time, the lieutenant governor was elected independently of the Governor. In addition to being first in succession to the governor, the lieutenant governor was the ex officio president of the Florida Senate, and cast a vote in the case of a tie.[1] William W. J. Kelly was the first person elected Lieutenant Governor after the position was created by the 1865 Constitution of Florida. The position was officially abolished by the post-Reconstruction Constitution of 1885, with the last Lieutenant Governor, Milton H. Mabry, serving out his term until 1889.[2] After this point the office of President of the Senate was given to an elected member of the Senate, who also served as first in line of succession to the Governor.

The state constitution was again revised in 1968, and the office of Lieutenant Governor was recreated. In the modern period, the Lieutenant Governor is elected directly along with the Governor as his or her running mate. The Lieutenant Governor would serve as first in the line of succession, though the office of President of the Senate would remain with an elected Senator. The Lieutenant governor has a few prescribed duties, and otherwise assists the Governor with the duties of the executive branch.[2] The first Lieutenant Governor in the modern period was Ray C. Osborne, who took office in 1969. The current Lieutenant Governor, and the 18th person to hold the position, is Jennifer Carroll.

List of Lieutenant Governors

William W. J. Kelly, 1st Lieutenant Governor of Florida (1865-1868)
Kenneth Hood "Buddy" MacKay, Jr., 14th Lieutenant Governor of Florida (1991-1998)
#NameTook OfficeLeft OfficePartyGovernor(s) Served WithNote
1William W. J. Kelly18651868RepublicanDavid S. Walker
2William Henry Gleason18681870RepublicanHarrison Reed
3Edmund C. Weeks18701870Republican
4Samuel T. Day18711873Republican[3]
5Marcellus Stearns18731874RepublicanOssian B. Hart
6Noble A. Hull18771879DemocratGeorge Franklin Drew
7Livingston W. Bethel18811885William D. Bloxham
8Milton H. Mabry18851889Edward A. PerryPosition Abolished
9Ray C. Osborne19691971RepublicanClaude R. Kirk, Jr.Position Recreated
10Thomas Burton Adams, Jr.19711975DemocratReubin O'Donovan Askew
11J.H. Williams19751979Democrat
12Wayne Mixson19791987DemocratBob GrahamVacated to Become Governor
13Bobby Brantley19871991RepublicanBob Martinez
14Buddy MacKay19911998DemocratLawton ChilesVacated to Become Governor
15Frank Brogan19992003RepublicanJeb BushResigned to become President of Florida Atlantic University
16Toni Jennings20032007RepublicanAppointed, First Female
17Jeff Kottkamp20072011RepublicanCharlie CristServed as Governor June 18,2008 pursuant to Article IV Section 3(b) of the Florida Constitution.
18Jennifer Carroll2011RepublicanRick ScottFirst African-American/First Elected Female

See also

References

External links