Lexington, North Carolina

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Lexington, North Carolina
City
Lexington NC Welcome.jpg
Nickname(s): Barbecue Capital of the World
Location in Davidson County and the state of North Carolina
Location in Davidson County and the state of North Carolina
Coordinates: 35°49′0″N 80°15′31″W / 35.81667°N 80.25861°W / 35.81667; -80.25861Coordinates: 35°49′0″N 80°15′31″W / 35.81667°N 80.25861°W / 35.81667; -80.25861
CountryUnited States
StateNorth Carolina
CountyDavidson
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager government
 • MayorNewell Clark
Area
 • Total17.6 sq mi (45.6 km2)
 • Land17.6 sq mi (45.6 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation809 ft (246.5 m)
Population (2007)
 • Total21,149
Time zoneEST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes27292-27295
Area code(s)336
FIPS code37-38060[1]
GNIS feature ID0988406[2]
Websitewww.lexingtonnc.net
 
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Lexington, North Carolina
City
Lexington NC Welcome.jpg
Nickname(s): Barbecue Capital of the World
Location in Davidson County and the state of North Carolina
Location in Davidson County and the state of North Carolina
Coordinates: 35°49′0″N 80°15′31″W / 35.81667°N 80.25861°W / 35.81667; -80.25861Coordinates: 35°49′0″N 80°15′31″W / 35.81667°N 80.25861°W / 35.81667; -80.25861
CountryUnited States
StateNorth Carolina
CountyDavidson
Government
 • TypeCouncil-Manager government
 • MayorNewell Clark
Area
 • Total17.6 sq mi (45.6 km2)
 • Land17.6 sq mi (45.6 km2)
 • Water0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation809 ft (246.5 m)
Population (2007)
 • Total21,149
Time zoneEST (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP codes27292-27295
Area code(s)336
FIPS code37-38060[1]
GNIS feature ID0988406[2]
Websitewww.lexingtonnc.net

Lexington is the county seat of Davidson County, North Carolina, United States. As of the 2010 census, the city had a total population of 18,978. It is located in central North Carolina, twenty miles (32 km) south of Winston-Salem. Major highways include I-85, I-85B, U.S. Route 29, U.S. Route 70, U.S. Route 52 (soon to be I-285) and U.S. Route 64. Lexington is part of the Piedmont Triad region of the state.

Lexington, Thomasville, and the rural areas surrounding them are slowly developing as residential bedroom communities for nearby cities such as Winston-Salem, Greensboro and High Point.

History[edit]

Dr. William Rainey Holt built Lexington's oldest home, The Homestead, listed on the National Register of Historic Places

The Lexington area was at least sparsely settled by Europeans in 1775. The settlers named their community in honor of Lexington, Massachusetts, the site of the first skirmish of the American Revolutionary War. Lexington was incorporated as a city in 1828. Silver Hill Mine, located a few miles south of Lexington, opened in 1838, and was the first operating silver mine in the country.[citation needed]

The oldest surviving house in Lexington is The Homestead, built by Dr. William Rainey Holt (1798−1868), a physician born in what is today Alamance County.[3] The Homestead has windows, sidelights and other Palladian details characteristic of the pattern books of architect Asher Benjamin.[4] The home's owner was a Pennsylvania-trained physician who practiced medicine after relocating to Davidson County. An ardent Secessionist, Dr. Holt had three sons killed during military service for the Confederacy in the Civil War. His home was occupied by Union Army soldiers.

Following the War, Holt spent an increasing amount of time at his plantation Linwood, located southwest of Lexington, where he operated a scientific farm on his 1,600 acres (6.5 km2). As president of the North Carolina Agricultural Society, Holt was among the first to introduce purebred breeds of livestock to the state.[5]

Business and industry[edit]

In the twentieth century until the late 1990s, Lexington's economy was mainly based on textile and furniture manufacturing. Since then, most local manufacturers have moved their production facilities to Asia and Mexico as a way to reduce costs and remain competitive in a global market. This caused the closure of most textile and furniture factories and contributed to economic difficulties for a community that was heavily dependent on these two industries for employment. The Lexington industrial portfolio has since diversified.

Other large employers include:

Culture[edit]

Barbecue[edit]

Pigs in the City and the Lexington Barbecue Festival bring in tourists from all over the country

Lexington calls itself the "Barbecue Capital of North Carolina.[6] Since 1984, the city has hosted the Lexington Barbecue Festival, one of the largest street festivals in North Carolina. As of 2003, the city has over twenty barbecue restaurants: an average of more than one per thousand residents. In 2012, the US News and World Report ranked Lexington as #4 on its list of the best cities for barbecue.[7]

Lexington-style barbecue is made with pork shoulder cooked slowly over a hardwood fire, usually hickory. It is basted in a sauce (called "dip" locally) made with vinegar, ketchup, water, salt, pepper and other spices. The ingredients vary from restaurant to restaurant, with each restaurant's recipe being a closely guarded secret. While each is vinegar based, the taste varies widely from tangy to slightly sweet or spicy.

The most distinguishing feature of the "Lexington Barbecue Sandwich" is the inclusion of red slaw (sometimes called barbecue slaw). Red slaw is a combination of cabbage, vinegar, ketchup and crushed/ground black pepper. Red slaw is distinguishable from coleslaw because red slaw contains no mayonnaise. Many Lexingtonians (and visitors) consider red slaw a staple for a quality barbecue experience. Red slaw is commonly served as a side dish with barbecue, grilled poultry and other meats, and on hot dogs as a relish.

Pigs in the City[edit]

Main article: Pigs in the City

Pigs in the City is a public art initiative coordinated by Uptown Lexington, Inc., a non-profit organization created to revitalize the downtown (or locally called "uptown") area of Lexington.[8] People pay commissions to artists to decorate life-sized sculptures of pigs, which was installed throughout the city. The event includes an annual celebration held in the fall in the uptown business district. Pigs in the City began in 2003, and the event drew more than 40,000 visitors from all over the state in its first year.[9] The cost to "sponsor" one of the 20 pigs on display was $1,000 during the first exhibition, which paid for the initiative.[10] Since 2006, it has been established as an annual event.[10]

High Rock Lake[edit]

Main article: High Rock Lake

The second largest lake in North Carolina, High Rock Lake is located a few miles south of Lexington. Its water surface covers 15,180 acres (61 km2) and it has 365 miles (587 km) of shoreline. It begins at the confluence of the Yadkin and the South Yadkin rivers.

High Rock Lake has long been considered one of the best fishing lakes of North Carolina.[11] It is the site of the Bassmaster Tournaments, including the Bassmaster Classic in 1994, 1995, 1997 and 2007[12] and frequently is used for other angling competitions. The lake is stocked with channel, blue, and flathead catfish, plus crappie and several different sunfish, such as bluegill, shellcracker and others. Striper and their hybrids, as well as white bass, are also abundant.

The lake is best known for its quantity and quality of largemouth bass, which attract anglers from all over the United States. This is likely due to the relatively shallow nature of the lake and the favorable habitat for the bass.

Geography[edit]

Davidson County Governmental Center

Lexington is located in the Piedmont. It is centered at 35°49'0" North, 80°15'31" West (35.816768, -80.258643),[13] in the valley of the Yadkin River. Lexington is 11 miles (18 km) northeast of High Rock Lake, part of the Yadkin-Pee Dee chain of lakes in central North Carolina.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 17.6 square miles (46 km2), of which, 17.6 square miles (46 km2) of it is land and none of the area is covered with water.

It is bordered to the north and west by Interstate 85 Business, to the south and east by Interstate 85. Both interstates merge just southwest of the city. Additionally, 4 U.S. Highway Routes, U.S. Route 29, U.S. Route 64, U.S. Route 52, U.S. Route 70 and state highways NC Highway 8 and NC Highway 47 intersect the city.

Climate[edit]

Thunderstorms are common during the spring and summer months, including some severe storms. Being located in central North Carolina, between the Appalachian Mountains and the Mid-Atlantic coast, Lexington has a humid subtropical climate, with moderate temperatures during spring and autumn and warm to hot summers. Winters are relatively mild and wet with highs typically in the 40s to 50s and overnight lows averaging just below freezing.

Climate data for Lexington, North Carolina
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °F (°C)49.6
(9.8)
54.4
(12.4)
63.3
(17.4)
72.5
(22.5)
79.3
(26.3)
85.5
(29.7)
89.1
(31.7)
87.4
(30.8)
81.6
(27.6)
71.9
(22.2)
61.7
(16.5)
52.6
(11.4)
70.7
(21.5)
Average low °F (°C)28.6
(−1.9)
30.9
(−0.6)
38.0
(3.3)
45.3
(7.4)
54.5
(12.5)
62.9
(17.2)
67.1
(19.5)
65.5
(18.6)
59.1
(15.1)
46.7
(8.2)
37.9
(3.3)
31.0
(−0.6)
47.3
(8.5)
Precipitation inches (mm)4.06
(103.1)
3.78
(96)
4.31
(109.5)
3.63
(92.2)
3.93
(99.8)
4.06
(103.1)
3.85
(97.8)
3.63
(92.2)
3.84
(97.5)
3.52
(89.4)
3.47
(88.1)
3.37
(85.6)
45.45
(1,154.3)
Snowfall inches (cm)2.4
(6.1)
2.8
(7.1)
1.2
(3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.6
(1.5)
7
(17.7)
Avg. precipitation days10.29.310.29.010.09.510.48.47.76.68.89.6109.7
Avg. snowy days0.80.90.4000000000.32.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours170.5175.2229.4246.0260.4270.0269.7248.0225.0220.1174.0164.32,652.6
Source: NOAA,[14] HKO (sun)[15]

Demographics[edit]

Davidson County Courthouse

As of the census[1] of 2010, there are 18,931 people in the city, organized into 7,376 households. This represents a population reduction of 1022 persons, or 5%, when compared to the 2000 census. The median age is 37.4 years for all persons (39.4 for females, 35.2 for males).

Of the total population, 15.1% are at least 65 years old, 24.6% are under the age of 18, with the remaining 60.3% of the population being persons from 18 to 64. Males comprise 48.1% and females make up 51.9% of the total population. Caucasians make up 54.7% of the total population (including 16.3% that are Latino), African-Americans 28.4% and Asians represent 2.9% of the population. Fully 10.7% of the population identifies itself as Some other race while 2.6% are Two or more races. Other races each represent less than 1% each of the total population.

Of the total 7,376 households, 4,581 are considered Family households, including 2067 that have children under 18. The average household size is 2.44 persons, and the average family size is 3.08 persons. There are 8,938 total housing units, of which the 7376 are households, for an occupancy rate of 82.5%. 47.6% of these households are owner-occupied, while 52.4% are renters.

According to the 2000 census, The median income for a household in the city is $26,226, and the median income for a family is $32,339. Males have a median income of $25,555 versus $20,939 for females. The per capita income for the city is $15,310. 21.2% of the population and 16.7% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 31.7% of those under the age of 18 and 18.0% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. The global outsourcing of textile and furniture manufacturing has negatively impacted Lexington's economy.[16]

Notable residents[edit]

Images gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ William Rainey Holt, Biographical History of North Carolina from Colonial Times to the Present, Vol. VII, Samuel A'Court Ashe, Charles L. Van Noppen, Publisher, Greensboro, N.C., 1908
  4. ^ Historic Uptown Lexington, North Carolina
  5. ^ William Rainey Holt, North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program
  6. ^ Lexington Tourism Authority, official website
  7. ^ Bratcher, Emily H. (2012). "America's Best BBQ Cities". US News and World Report. Retrieved June 12, 2012. 
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ "Lexington: Pigs in the City", Electric Cities
  10. ^ a b Staff writers Amy Dominello, Tina Firesheets, Sue Schultz and Eric Swensen. "LIFE-SIZE PORKER PROMOTION PROVES POPULAR TO PUBLIC". Greensboro News-Record. 
  11. ^ North Carolina Summer Bass Fishing
  12. ^ Camping in Piedmont, North Carolina
  13. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  14. ^ "Climatography of the United States No. 20 (1971–2000)" (PDF). National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. August 2011. Retrieved 2011-04-17. 
  15. ^ "Climatological Normals of Greensboro". Hong Kong Observatory. Retrieved 2010-06-15. 
  16. ^ http://www.the-dispatch.com/article/20081209/ARTICLES/812090297/1005/NEWS The Dispatch (Lexington, NC)
  17. ^ https://www.bobtimberlake.com/biography.cfm
  18. ^ http://www.baseball-almanac.com/players/player.php?p=templjo01
  19. ^ http://www.pro-football-reference.com/players/T/TuttPe00.htm
  20. ^ http://www.pro-football-reference.com/players/M/MayxDe00.htm
  21. ^ http://www.racing-reference.info/driver?id=dillomi01
  22. ^ http://www.cmt.com/news/country-music/1551563/harmonica-wizard-terry-mcmillan-dead-at-53.jhtml
  23. ^ http://www.pro-football-reference.com/players/T/TerrRi20.htm
  24. ^ Steve Huffman (February 18, 2011). "'The Old Man' from ‘Pawn Stars' recalls growing up in Lexington". The-Dispatch.com. Retrieved June 2, 2012. 

External links[edit]