Levy County, Florida

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Levy County, Florida
Bronson Levy County Courthouse02.jpg
Levy County Courthouse
Map of Florida highlighting Levy County
Location in the state of Florida
Map of the United States highlighting Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
Founded10 March 1845
Named forDavid Levy Yulee
SeatBronson
Largest cityWilliston
Area
 • Total1,413 sq mi (3,660 km2)
 • Land1,118 sq mi (2,896 km2)
 • Water295 sq mi (764 km2), 20.9%
Population
 • (2010)40,801
 • Density36/sq mi (14/km²)
Congressional district3rd
Time zoneEastern: UTC-5/-4
Websitewww.levycounty.org
 
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Levy County, Florida
Bronson Levy County Courthouse02.jpg
Levy County Courthouse
Map of Florida highlighting Levy County
Location in the state of Florida
Map of the United States highlighting Florida
Florida's location in the U.S.
Founded10 March 1845
Named forDavid Levy Yulee
SeatBronson
Largest cityWilliston
Area
 • Total1,413 sq mi (3,660 km2)
 • Land1,118 sq mi (2,896 km2)
 • Water295 sq mi (764 km2), 20.9%
Population
 • (2010)40,801
 • Density36/sq mi (14/km²)
Congressional district3rd
Time zoneEastern: UTC-5/-4
Websitewww.levycounty.org

Levy County is a county located in the U.S. state of Florida. As of the 2010 census, the population was 40,801.[1] Its county seat is Bronson.[2] Levy is pronounced LEE vee, instead of the traditionally-used LEV vee.

History[edit]

Levy County was created in 1845, after the Seminole Wars. It was named for David Levy, a planter elected in 1841 as the state's territorial delegate to the US House of Representatives, where he served two terms. When Florida was admitted as a state, Levy was elected by the new state legislature as one of Florida's first two U.S. senators; he served from 1845 to 1851, and again from 1855 to 1861. He was the first Jewish American elected to the United States Senate.

Levy provided for long-term development in the state by constructing the first railroad across Florida, the Florida Railroad, linking the deep-water ports of Fernandina (Port of Fernandina) on the Atlantic Ocean and Cedar Key on the Gulf of Mexico. He developed a network of feeder railroads through central Florida as well. For his efforts, he was called "the father of Florida railroads."

The Rosewood Massacre occurred in Levy County in the first week of January 1923. It was a race riot in which whites from the nearby town of Sumner, reacting to the alleged rape of a white woman by a black man, burned the predominantly black town of Rosewood to the ground and killed several blacks. A film based on the incident was made in 1997, but was not filmed in Levy County.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,413 square miles (3,660 km2), of which 1,118 square miles (2,900 km2) is land and 295 square miles (760 km2) (20.9%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
CensusPop.
1850465
18601,781283.0%
18702,01813.3%
18805,767185.8%
18906,58614.2%
19008,60330.6%
191010,36120.4%
19209,921−4.2%
193012,45625.6%
194012,5500.8%
195010,637−15.2%
196010,364−2.6%
197012,75623.1%
198019,87055.8%
199025,92330.5%
200034,45032.9%
201040,80118.4%
Est. 201339,644−2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
1790-1960[5] 1900-1990[6]
1990-2000[7] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 34,450 people, 13,867 households, and 9,679 families residing in the county. The population density was 31 people per square mile (12/km²). There were 16,570 housing units at an average density of 15 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 85.88% White, 10.97% Black or African American, 0.47% Native American, 0.37% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.96% from other races, and 1.32% from two or more races. 3.89% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 13,867 households out of which 27.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.40% were married couples living together, 11.80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.20% were non-families. 24.90% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the county the population was spread out with 23.60% under the age of 18, 6.90% from 18 to 24, 25.00% from 25 to 44, 26.60% from 45 to 64, and 17.90% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 94.00 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $26,959, and the median income for a family was $30,899. Males had a median income of $26,029 versus $20,252 for females. The per capita income for the county was $14,746. About 15.00% of families and 18.60% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.80% of those under age 18 and 12.90% of those age 65 or over.

Proposed Nuclear Power Plant[edit]

On April 7, 2008, Progress Energy Florida of St. Petersburg announced it had authorized Shaw and Westinghouse to purchase long-lead-time materials for up to two AP1000 nuclear reactors for its Levy County plant, a greenfield plant in Levy County, producing about 1,100 MW each.

Progress expects to apply for a Combined Construction and Operating License (COL) in the summer of 2008, according to a spokeswoman. Southern Company and SCANA, of whom each own an interest in the plant, would not reveal cost estimates, but Progress has said its plant will cost $14 billion, with $3 billion more for transmission infrastructure.[citation needed]

Applying for a COL does not commit the utilities to construct the plant, but it is part of the licensing process, say officials of all the utilities. The application starts a 40-month review by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission, meaning that approval could come in August 2011.

In late July, 2013 the company said it had scrapped its plan to build the plant.[9]

Politics[edit]

Presidential elections results
YearRepublicanDemocraticOther
201265.3%33.2%1.5%
200862.6%35.7%1.7%
200462.5%36.5%1.0%
200053.9%42.4%3.7%

Libraries[edit]

The Levy County Public Library System has 5 branches.

Transportation[edit]

Airports[edit]

Railroads[edit]

Levy County has only one railroad line running throughout the county, and only within eastern Levy along US 41. The line is a former Atlantic Coast Line Railroad line that is now used by the Florida Northern Railroad for freight to the Crystal River 3 Nuclear Power Plant in Red Level, Citrus County. Notable abandoned lines include a Seaboard Air Line Railroad line that is in close proximity to the existing former ACL line, a Florida Railway and Navigation Company line running parallel to State Road 24, and a third in western and southern Levy County that spans from Fanning Springs towards the Dunnellon area running along US 19-98 until it reaches Lebanon Junction where it runs along CR 336. The segment of that line between Fanning Springs and Chiefland is part of the Nature Coast State Trail.

Major roads[edit]

Communities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Towns[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 14, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 14, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved June 14, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 14, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved June 14, 2014. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 
  9. ^ Florida Power & Light asks to continue to collect for Turkey Point expansion, by Mary Ellen Klas and Herald Times, 6 August 2013

External links[edit]

Newspapers and media[edit]

Government links/Constitutional offices[edit]

Special districts[edit]

Judicial branch[edit]

Tourism links/Chambers of Commerce[edit]

Coordinates: 29°17′N 82°47′W / 29.28°N 82.79°W / 29.28; -82.79