Dating back to the 12th century as Wiesdorf, the Leverkusen area was rural until the late 19th century.
Leverkusen was founded in 1930 by merging Wiesdorf, Schlebusch, Steinbüchel and Rheindorf. The city was posthumously named after the chemist and entrepreneurCarl Leverkus. In 1861, Leverkus set up a factory for the production of artificial ultramarine blue at the Kahlberg in Wiesdorf, and called the emerging settlement "Leverkusen" after his family home in Lennep.
In 1975, Opladen (including Quettingen and Lützenkirchen since 1930), Hitdorf and Bergisch Neukirchen joined Leverkusen. The present city is made up of several villages, originally called Wiesdorf, Opladen, Schlebusch, Manfort, Bürrig, Hitdorf, Quettingen, Lützenkirchen, Steinbüchel, Rheindorf and Bergisch-Neukirchen.
In 1860, Wiesdorf was chosen by the chemist Carl Leverkus for establishing a dye factory. The factory was taken over by the Bayer company in 1891. The company moved its office to Wiesdorf in 1912, turning the town into the centre of German chemical industry. After asset confiscation at the end of WWI it became IG Farben. The IG Farben factories were bombed by the USAAF Eighth Air Force on December 1, 1943, by the RAF on August 22, 1943, and by the RAF during Battle of Berlin (air) on November 19/20 and December 10/11, 1943. The predominance of Bayer could easily classify Leverkusen as a German monogorod.
Main sights and places of interest
Japanese Garden in front of the Bayer tower
The BayArena is the stadium and home of Leverkusen's football team Bayer Leverkusen. After the extension the stadium now holds place for over 30,210 people.
Bayer Cross Leverkusen
The Bayer Cross Leverkusen is one of the largest illuminated advertisements in the world. It has an identifying meaning for Leverkusen's population.
the Sensenhammer is a 'living' industrial museum. The permanent exhibition includes manufacture of scythes and sickles and the use of those tools in farming. The museum itself is the biggest exhibit. The museum is also used in a different way, for example for concerts or theater.