Leverkusen

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Leverkusen
Morsbroich Palace

Flag

Coat of arms
Leverkusen is located in Germany
Leverkusen
Coordinates: 51°02′N 06°59′E / 51.033°N 6.983°E / 51.033; 6.983Coordinates: 51°02′N 06°59′E / 51.033°N 6.983°E / 51.033; 6.983
CountryGermany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. regionKöln
DistrictUrban district
Government
 • MayorReinhard Buchhorn (CDU)
 • Governing partiesCDU / SPD / Bürgerliste
Area
 • Total78.85 km2 (30.44 sq mi)
Elevation60 m (200 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total159,926
 • Density2,000/km2 (5,300/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Dialling codes0214, 02171 & 02173
Vehicle registrationLEV
Websitewww.Leverkusen.de/English
 
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Leverkusen
Morsbroich Palace

Flag

Coat of arms
Leverkusen is located in Germany
Leverkusen
Coordinates: 51°02′N 06°59′E / 51.033°N 6.983°E / 51.033; 6.983Coordinates: 51°02′N 06°59′E / 51.033°N 6.983°E / 51.033; 6.983
CountryGermany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. regionKöln
DistrictUrban district
Government
 • MayorReinhard Buchhorn (CDU)
 • Governing partiesCDU / SPD / Bürgerliste
Area
 • Total78.85 km2 (30.44 sq mi)
Elevation60 m (200 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total159,926
 • Density2,000/km2 (5,300/sq mi)
Time zoneCET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Dialling codes0214, 02171 & 02173
Vehicle registrationLEV
Websitewww.Leverkusen.de/English

Leverkusen (/ˈlvərˌkzən/; German pronunciation: [ˈleːvɐˌkuːzn̩]) is a city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany on the eastern bank of the Rhine. To the South, Leverkusen borders the city of Cologne and to the North is the state capital Düsseldorf.

With about 161,000 inhabitants, Leverkusen is one of the state's smaller cities. The city is known for the pharmaceutical company Bayer and its associated sports club TSV Bayer 04 Leverkusen.

History[edit]

Dating back to the 12th century as Wiesdorf, the Leverkusen area was rural until the late 19th century.

Leverkusen was founded in 1930 by merging Wiesdorf, Schlebusch, Steinbüchel and Rheindorf. The city was posthumously named after the chemist and entrepreneur Carl Leverkus. In 1861, Leverkus set up a factory for the production of artificial ultramarine blue at the Kahlberg in Wiesdorf, and called the emerging settlement "Leverkusen" after his family home in Lennep.

In 1975, Opladen (including Quettingen and Lützenkirchen since 1930), Hitdorf and Bergisch Neukirchen joined Leverkusen. The present city is made up of several villages, originally called Wiesdorf, Opladen, Schlebusch, Manfort, Bürrig, Hitdorf, Quettingen, Lützenkirchen, Steinbüchel, Rheindorf and Bergisch-Neukirchen.

Chemical facility[edit]

In 1860, Wiesdorf was chosen by the chemist Carl Leverkus for establishing a dye factory. The factory was taken over by the Bayer company in 1891. The company moved its office to Wiesdorf in 1912, turning the town into the centre of German chemical industry. After asset confiscation at the end of WWI it became IG Farben. The IG Farben factories were bombed by the USAAF Eighth Air Force on December 1, 1943,[2] by the RAF on August 22, 1943,[3] and by the RAF during Battle of Berlin (air) on November 19/20 and December 10/11, 1943. The predominance of Bayer could easily classify Leverkusen as a German monogorod.

Main sights and places of interest[edit]

Japanese Garden in front of the Bayer tower
BayArena
The BayArena is the stadium and home of Leverkusen's football team Bayer Leverkusen. After the extension the stadium now holds place for over 30,210 people.
Bayer Cross Leverkusen
The Bayer Cross Leverkusen is one of the largest illuminated advertisements in the world. It has an identifying meaning for Leverkusen's population.
Freudenthaler Sensenhammer
the Sensenhammer is a 'living' industrial museum. The permanent exhibition includes manufacture of scythes and sickles and the use of those tools in farming. The museum itself is the biggest exhibit. The museum is also used in a different way, for example for concerts or theater.

International relations[edit]

BayArena

Leverkusen is twinned with:

Hickory, NC USA 2014

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen". Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW (in German). 31 July 2013. 
  2. ^ 322nd Dailies from 1943 - 91st Bomb Group (H). 91st Bomb Group. Retrieved on 2013-07-17.
  3. ^ WW2 People's War - A Bedfordshire Bomb Aimer - Part Two. BBC. Retrieved on 2013-07-17.
  4. ^ "Ystävyyskaupungit (Twin Cities)". Oulun kaupunki (City of Oulu) (in Finnish). Retrieved 2013-07-27. 
  5. ^ (Bracknell Town, part of the Bracknell Forest local authority twinned with Opladen in 1973, Opladen then incorporated with Leverkusen in 1975
  6. ^ "Medmestno in mednarodno sodelovanje". Mestna občina Ljubljana (Ljubljana City) (in Slovenian). Retrieved 2013-07-27. 
  7. ^ Contract in German and Polish
  8. ^ "Profit Over Life". The Nuremberg Pharma Tribunal. Retrieved tbd. 

Literature[edit]

External links[edit]