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Beef tongue or neat's tongue is the tongue of a cow. Beef tongue is very high in fat, at almost 75% of its calories derived. Some countries, including Canada and specifically the province of Alberta, export large quantities of beef tongue.
The tongues of other animals, notably pigs and lambs, are also eaten, and are very similar to beef tongue.
Tongue is often seasoned with onion and other spices, and then placed in a pot to boil. After it has cooked the skin is removed. Pickled tongue is often used by the preparer because it is already spiced. If cooked in a sauce, it can then later be reused as a sauce for meatballs or any other food item.
Another way of preparing tongue is to scald it in hot water and remove the skin. Then roast the tongue in an oven, using the pan drippings to prepare a gravy.
Beef tongue is used in North America as a major ingredient of tongue toast, an open face sandwich prepared for breakfast, lunch, or dinner and sometimes offered as an hors-d'oeuvre. It is widely used in Mexican cuisine, and often seen in tacos and burritos (lengua). In Puerto Rican cuisine, lengua al caldero, pot roast tongue, and lengua rellena, braised stuffed tongue, are both served with Pique criollo.
In Belgium, beef tongue is usually prepared with mushrooms in a Madeira sauce. In Ashkenazi Jewish, Russian and Ukrainian cuisine, boiled tongue is often served with chrain, while in Austria, Germany and Poland, it is commonly served either with chrain or with horseradish cream sauce.
Also, tongue is a part of Albanian, Brazilian, Bulgarian (tongue with butter), English, French, Indonesian (semur lidah or beef tongue stew), Italian (typical dish in Piemonte and Genoa), Korean (hyeomit gui), Mongolian, Nicaraguan, Persian, Portuguese, Philippine, Romanian, Spanish, and Turkish (as forms of fried, roasted, boiled and eaten as cold in a sandwich) cuisine.
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