Legazpi, Albay

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Legazpi City
Component City
Legazpi Airport Panorama.jpg
Official seal of Legazpi City
Seal

Nickname(s): Queen City of Southern Luzon;[1][2][3] City of Fun and Adventure; Gateway of Southern Luzon;[4]

Gateway City of Bicol[5]
Map of Albay showing the location of Legazpi
Map of Albay showing the location of Legazpi
Legazpi City is located in Philippines
Legazpi City
Legazpi City
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 13°08′N 123°44′E / 13.133°N 123.733°E / 13.133; 123.733Coordinates: 13°08′N 123°44′E / 13.133°N 123.733°E / 13.133; 123.733
CountryPhilippines
RegionBicol (Region V)
ProvinceAlbay
District2nd district
Founded1616
CityhoodJune 12, 1959
Barangays70
Government[6]
 • MayorNoel Rosal
Area[7]
 • Total153.70 km2 (59.34 sq mi)
Population (2010)[8]
 • Total182,201
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
Time zonePHT (UTC+8)
ZIP code4500
Dialing code52
Income class2nd class; urban[9]
Websitewww.legazpicity.gov.ph
 
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Legazpi City
Component City
Legazpi Airport Panorama.jpg
Official seal of Legazpi City
Seal

Nickname(s): Queen City of Southern Luzon;[1][2][3] City of Fun and Adventure; Gateway of Southern Luzon;[4]

Gateway City of Bicol[5]
Map of Albay showing the location of Legazpi
Map of Albay showing the location of Legazpi
Legazpi City is located in Philippines
Legazpi City
Legazpi City
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 13°08′N 123°44′E / 13.133°N 123.733°E / 13.133; 123.733Coordinates: 13°08′N 123°44′E / 13.133°N 123.733°E / 13.133; 123.733
CountryPhilippines
RegionBicol (Region V)
ProvinceAlbay
District2nd district
Founded1616
CityhoodJune 12, 1959
Barangays70
Government[6]
 • MayorNoel Rosal
Area[7]
 • Total153.70 km2 (59.34 sq mi)
Population (2010)[8]
 • Total182,201
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
Time zonePHT (UTC+8)
ZIP code4500
Dialing code52
Income class2nd class; urban[9]
Websitewww.legazpicity.gov.ph

Legazpi, officially the City of Legazpi (Bikol: Ciudad nin Legazpi; Spanish: Ciudad de Legazpi) and often referred to as Legazpi City, is a component city and capital of the province of Albay in the Philippines. With a population of 182,201, it is Bicol region's most populous city.[10][8] The city is also the administrative center of the region.

Bicol region's capital, political/administrative center, and largest city is Legazpi City.[11][10] Legazpi City is also considered as the center of tourism, education, health services, commerce[12] and transportation[13] in the Bicol Region.

Mayon Volcano, one of the Philippines' most popular icons and tourist destinations, is partly within the city's borders.[14] Legazpi is located on the east or Pacific coast of Albay province, specifically on Albay Gulf. The city comprises two districts: Legazpi Port, and Albay District. Legazpi's nickname is the "City of Fun and Adventure".[15]

Etymology[edit]

Legazpi was named after Miguel López de Legazpi, the Basque Spanish conquistador who officially annexed the Philippine Islands to the Spanish Empire in 1565, and whose surname came from a town in Gipuzkoa, Spain.

History[edit]

Foundation[edit]

Legazpi was originally a fishing settlement called Sawangan that occupied what is now the Legazpi Port, whose inhabitants were mostly fishermen and farmers.

In 1587, Franciscan friars of the Doctrina de Cagsawa began to convert the area's population to Christianity and in 1616, founded a separate parish town a few kilometres inland called Albay. Its first parish priest built a small chapel and established the Misión de San Gregorio Magno de Sawangan. Eventually, Sawangan was absorbed into Albay, which later gave its name to the entire province.

San Gregorio Magno Cathedral

On September 22, 1856, through Royal Decree, the name Legazpi was officially adopted and the settlement was expanded to include the visitas of Lamba, Rawis and Bigaa. The newly expanded and independent town of Legazpi was officially inaugurated on October 23, 1856.

After the eruption of Mayon Volcano on February 1, 1814, Legazpi residents evacuated to Makalaya (now Taysan). At the decree of the Gobierno Superior on October 1, 1829, they were prohibited from establishing another town, leaving them to settle in Taytay (Bagumbayan). In 1818, Sawangan (now called Albay Viejo, 'Old Albay'), was partitioned from Cagsawa and made the capital of Partido de Ibalon (the former name of Albay Province). Some remained in Albay Viejo and established a new settlement around an ermita (hermitage/chapel of ease) dedicated to the Archangel Raphael, whom they adopted as their patron saint after Saint Gregory the Great had been transferred to the new site of Albay.

Legazpi was first declared a city under the Becerra Law of 1892 by Rona Cantuba Mecayer. The new city comprised the municipalities of Legazpi, Albay Nuevo, and Daraga under the Ayuntamiento de Albay.

American Colonial Era[edit]

Following their occupation of the city in 1900, the American colonizers cancelled the Legazpi's city status. In 1908 after the war's conclusion, the Americans split Legazpi into two separate towns, Legazpi Port and Albay District, which became the provincial capital of Albay. In 1922, the town of Daraga was further split from the then municipality of Albay.

World War II[edit]

In 1941 and 1942, Japanese troops landed and occupied the city during the Second World War. Throughout the Japanese occupation, Bicolano resistance and local troops of the Philippine Commonwealth Army units continued in the hills and mountains south of Legazpi. In January 1945, American and Filipino liberation forces supported by Bicolano guerrillas liberated Legazpi City from the Japanese Imperial Army. However, the city suffered extensive aerial bombardment from US aircraft and many old buildings were destroyed.

Independent Philippines[edit]

Legazpi City Hall

Legazpi became a city for the second time on July 18, 1948, when Daraga and Legazpi were combined to constitute its territory under Republic Act No. 306; at that time, President Elpidio Quirino commissioned Ma. Leonora Mecayer as the first City Mayor.[16] But on June 8, 1954, Republic Act No. 993 was approved, recreating the two towns (Daraga and Legazpi) and the city was dissolved.[17]

Finally, on June 12, 1959, Legazpi became a city for the third time under Republic Act no. 2234.[18] Amendments were introduced under R.A. 5525.[19] Presidential Decree 125 issued on February 23, 1973, declared the town of Daraga as part of the territorial jurisdiction of the city.[20][21] This decree, however, was not implemented with the onset of the Integrated Reorganization Plan, which involved the restructuring of local governments.

Designation as Administrative Center of Bicol[edit]

On September 24, 1972, then President Ferdinand Marcos designated Legazpi as the administrative center of Bicol Region through the Integrated Reorganization Plan of 1972, the implementing framework of Presidential Decree No. 1.[22][23]

Barangays[edit]

Legazpi is politically subdivided into 70 barangays.[9]

BarangaysClassPopulation[24]Barangay head[25]
Bgy. 1 Em's BarrioUrban3,817Adronico D. Geraldino
Bgy. 2 Em's Barrio (South)Urban1,806Echedita M. Salcedo
Bgy. 3 Em's Barrio (East)Urban973Jose P. Pispis
Bgy. 4 SagponUrban881Felixberto S. Cordornez, Jr.
Bgy. 5 SagminUrban1,261Alberto R. Murilla
Bgy. 6 BañaderoUrban1,353Alex Locsin
Bgy. 7 BañoUrban817Domingo Pasano, Jr.
Bgy. 8 BagumbayanUrban3,175Gil L. Alianza
Bgy. 9 PinaricUrban1,415Roy A. Nanoz
Bgy. 10 CabugaoUrban587Victor Lapasaran
Bgy. 11 MaoyodUrban970Manuel A. Omnes
Bgy. 12 Tula-TulaUrban2,686Miguelito A. Barcoma
Bgy. 13 Ilawod West Pob. (Ilawod 1)Urban735Marilou Baltazar
Bgy. 14 Ilawod Pob. (Ilawod 2)Urban825Susana M. Contacto
Bgy. 15 Ilawod East Pob. (Ilawod 3)Urban1,790Herlim Azotea
Bgy. 16 KawitUrban5,130Jonathan Rodenas
Bgy. 17 Rizal St. - IlawodUrban1,832Lina Chan
Bgy. 18 Cabañgan (West)Urban2,668Leoncio Song
Bgy. 19 CabañganUrban1,246Roger H. Esquivel
Bgy. 20 Cabañgan (East)Urban560Nimfa Bolanos
Bgy. 21 Binanuahan (West)Urban866Ma. Theresa F. Abiera
Bgy. 22 Binanuahan (East)Urban1,514Napoleon Cardel
Bgy. 23 Imperial CourtUrban680Gina M. Samaupan
Bgy. 24 RizalUrban2,104Ricardo Abunda
Bgy. 25 Lapu-LapuUrban1,279Gemma M. Espiritu
Bgy. 26 DinagaanUrban863Edwin T. Alzaga
Bgy. 27 Victory Village (South)Urban1,346Joie Bahoy
Bgy. 28 Victory Village (North)Urban2,819Antonio Loveriza
Bgy. 29 SabangUrban1,638Ismael G. Santillan
Bgy. 30 PigcaleUrban1,589Fernando Lopez
Bgy. 31 Centro BaybayUrban1,332Diosdado Empig
Bgy. 32 San RoqueUrban5,109Joselito G. Martinez
Bgy. 33 PeñarandaUrban2,905Beatriz N. Toledo
Bgy. 34 Oro SiteUrban2,440Joseph Philip L. Lee
Bgy. 35 TinagoUrban513Cyril Sayco
Bgy. 36 CapantawanUrban766Evelyn B. Brizuela
Bgy. 37 BitanoUrban7,022Joel M. Balinis
Bgy. 38 GogonUrban5,296Perfecto Nacion
Bgy. 39 BonotUrban3,594Henry G. Asejo
Bgy. 40 CruzadaUrban5,198Edsil L. Llaguno
Bgy. 41 BogtongUrban4,291Armando Toledo
Bgy. 42 RawisUrban8,399Jojo Orosco
Bgy. 43 TamaoyanUrban1,592Sylvia Del Agua
Bgy. 44 PawaUrban3,348Roger M. Nunez
Bgy. 45 DitaUrban1,652Alfredo Garbin, Sr.
Bgy. 46 San JoaquinUrban2,010Tomas Abaroa
Bgy. 47 ArimbayUrban3,659Rosalina O. Gervero
Bgy. 48 Bagong AbreUrban1,376Diego E. Obido
Bgy. 49 BigaaUrban5,992Roberto Arienda
Bgy. 50 PadangUrban680Manuel P. Alagaban, Sr.
Bgy. 51 BuyuanUrban3,431Ernesto Perez
Bgy. 52 MatanagUrban1,792Reynaldo B. Poquilla
Bgy. 53 BongaUrban3,319Michael A. Mina
Bgy. 54 MabinitUrban1,346Levy Nunez
Bgy. 55 EstanzaUrban4,159Roger Alteche
Bgy. 56 TaysanUrban11,418Renato Valladolid
Bgy. 57 Dap-dapUrban2,078Marites N. Barcelon
Bgy. 58 BuraguisUrban4,026Jose Alfonso V. Ariso
Bgy. 59 PuroUrban4,409Nicasio Barrios
Bgy. 60 LambaUrban1,610Mario P. Abaluado
Bgy. 61 MaslogUrban4,116Nenelita C. Berjuega
Bgy. 62 HomaponUrban4,233Benhur Ariola, Jr.
Bgy. 63 MariawaUrban1,603Anabelle A. Teope
Bgy. 64 BagacayUrban1,603Julian A. Ariola
Bgy. 65 ImalnodUrban2,027Velentin Llaneta
Bgy. 66 BanquerohanUrban6,313Efren F. Obido
Bgy. 67 BariisUrban1,952Geremias B. Leron
Bgy. 68 San FranciscoUrban2,384Ronald P. Aringo
Bgy. 69 BuenavistaUrban1,167Ester P. Ardales
Bgy. 70 CagbacongUrban2,131Leon Andes

Climate[edit]

Legazpi City features a tropical rainforest climate with copious amount of rainfall throughout the course of the year. Legazpi has noticeable wetter and drier periods of the year. However, the city’s driest month, April, still sees on average, over 150 millimetres (5.9 in) of precipitation per year. Similar to many other cities with this climate, temperatures are relatively constant throughout the course of the year, with a mean annual average of 26.9 °C (80.4 °F).[26] The coolest month is January with a daily mean of 25.3 °C (77.5 °F) and the hottest months are jointly May and June with a daily mean of 28.1 °C (82.6 °F). The all time record high temperature was 37.7 °C (99.9 °F) on May 27, 1968, and the all time record low temperature was 13.9 °C (57.0 °F) on February 28, 1971.[26]

Legazpi
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
293
 
29
22
 
 
189
 
29
22
 
 
158
 
30
23
 
 
153
 
31
24
 
 
168
 
32
24
 
 
255
 
32
24
 
 
266
 
32
24
 
 
281
 
32
24
 
 
271
 
32
24
 
 
341
 
31
23
 
 
480
 
30
23
 
 
475
 
29
23
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: [2]
Climate data for Legazpi
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)32.7
(90.9)
33.7
(92.7)
35
(95)
36.5
(97.7)
37.7
(99.9)
37.6
(99.7)
36.6
(97.9)
36.9
(98.4)
36
(97)
35.3
(95.5)
34.4
(93.9)
33.2
(91.8)
37.7
(99.9)
Average high °C (°F)28.6
(83.5)
29.1
(84.4)
30.0
(86)
31.3
(88.3)
32.3
(90.1)
32.0
(89.6)
31.5
(88.7)
31.6
(88.9)
31.5
(88.7)
31.0
(87.8)
30.1
(86.2)
29.0
(84.2)
30.7
(87.3)
Average low °C (°F)22.4
(72.3)
22.2
(72)
23.2
(73.8)
24.2
(75.6)
24.8
(76.6)
24.5
(76.1)
24.2
(75.6)
24.3
(75.7)
24.1
(75.4)
23.8
(74.8)
23.7
(74.7)
23.7
(74.7)
23.2
(73.8)
Record low °C (°F)16.7
(62.1)
13.9
(57)
17
(63)
16.7
(62.1)
17.1
(62.8)
18.9
(66)
15.8
(60.4)
19.4
(66.9)
19.0
(66.2)
17.2
(63)
17.9
(64.2)
16.7
(62.1)
13.9
(57)
Rainfall mm (inches)296.9
(11.689)
195.6
(7.701)
192.6
(7.583)
151.2
(5.953)
181.3
(7.138)
240.9
(9.484)
239.4
(9.425)
178.3
(7.02)
216.3
(8.516)
264.0
(10.394)
484.6
(19.079)
458.6
(18.055)
3,099.7
(122.035)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm)191515151416171617202222208
 % humidity79747268676878788081848470
Mean monthly sunshine hours1551682172402792101861861861801571492,313
Source #1: PAGASA[27]
Source #2: World Climate Guide (sunshine data).[28]

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Legazpi
YearPop.±% p.a.
1990121,116—    
1995141,657+2.98%
2000157,010+2.23%
2007179,481+1.86%
2010182,201+0.55%
Source: National Statistics Office[8][29]

Religion[edit]

Saint Raphael Church

The city is the ecclesiastical seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Legazpi.

Economy[edit]

Banking[edit]

As of December 31, 2014, the city had 40 banks[citation needed].

Shopping Malls[edit]

Embarcadero de Legazpi

The oldest is LCC which opened in the late 80s[citation needed]. LCC is set to open its new shopping center to be called Liberty City Center Mall at the site of Legazpi's old public market[citation needed]. Pacific Mall which opened its doors in 2001 is the largest in the city[citation needed]. It is the mall with the most locators with over 200 and has Cebu-based Metro Gaisano as its anchor store[citation needed]. The mall is now into its second expansion and this will open sometime in 2014.[citation needed]The Embarcadero de Legazpi is a waterfront development in the Legazpi port[citation needed].

Business Process Outsourcing[edit]

The city currently has two IT parks — the Embarcadero de Legazpi and the Legazpi Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Park that are both highly conducive for outsourcing businesses.The two facilities offer about 8,000 call center seats that could provide jobs to some 24,000 agents in three-shifts. Pioneering the business in the city is the Incubation Center of Southern Luzon Technological College Foundation Inc. (SLTCFI) which is an extension of Embarcadero’s P1.8-billion IT Park, the very first IT ecozone in the Bicol region inaugurated in July 2009. [30]

Tourism[edit]

View of Mount Mayon and Ligñon Hill from Casablanca Suites

Located on the southern foothills of the scenic Mount Mayon, the city has a booming tourism industry. The province of Albay, whose center of trade and commerce is at the city, experienced a 66% growth rate in tourist arrivals for 2013.[31] In the same year, the city had a total of 263,568 foreign tourist arrivals, the most in the region.[32]

Among the hotels in the city is the Oriental Legazpi. Perched on the hills of Taysan, it offers a view of the city, the Albay Gulf and Mt. Mayon.[33] It was the site of the joint conference meetings of the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) and the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) from May 14 to 20, 2014.[34]

Another hotel is Hotel St. Ellis, a posh hotel located at the heart of the city's downtown, along Rizal Street. Business establishments, shopping malls, and places of worship are all within walking distance.[35]

In total, the number of hotel rooms in the city is at 1,630.[36]

Places of interest[edit]

Ligñon Hill
Legazpi Harbor as seen from Embarcadero de Legazpi

Festivals[edit]

Legazpi Heroes Memorial

Monuments[edit]

Media[edit]

Philippine Long Distance Telephone Co (PLDT) Bayantel and Digitel has provides wired telephone/ DSL services . Wi-MAX (4G), 3G/HSDPA / 2G mobile facilities are served by Globe, Smart and Sun Cellular. Tripinvision, ESTV and DCTV provides cable TV services in the city.

Legazpi also has a good number of FM and AM stations that operaste in the morning and afternoon. ABS-CBN has their own relay station in the city, along with GMA Network has their relay station in the city, with TV5 This provide the city with good Television, and radio stations.

Transportation[edit]

Legazpi Airport

Colloquially considered as the "Gateway to South Luzon", Legazpi is considered as the center of transportation in the Bicol Region, being strategically located in the middle, between two other major cities in Bicol. It hosts an airport, seaport and transport terminals in the region. Legazpi Airport which is the busiest domestic airport in Luzon has a runway of 2,280 meters and is capable of handling international aircraft. Philippine Airlines and Cebu Pacific has three flights each daily from Manila.[47]

By air
The city is served by Legazpi Airport, which has a runway of 2,280 metres (7,480 ft). It is the busiest airport in the region with a total of 578,767 passengers in 2012.[48][49]
By land
Legazpi can be reached through land transport (by bus) from Manila in about 12 hours. More than 5 bus companies operate daily transport to and from Manila to Legazpi.

Education[edit]

Tertiary education[edit]

Secondary and primary education[edit]

Health care[edit]

Aquinas University Hospital

Health care institutions in Legazpi providing general care:

Notable Legazpeños[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

Local[edit]

International[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.philippinetravel.ws/philippine-cities/legaspi-city-philippines
  2. ^ "Typhoon Milenyo postpones Legazpi City Milo marathon". Philippine Star. Retrieved 10 July 2014. 
  3. ^ http://www.1stphilippines.com/pc-41672828c8d6adbf77e3b6e8d49814f0.html
  4. ^ http://www.philippine-islands.ph/en/legazpi_city-albay-philippines.html
  5. ^ http://www.nscb.gov.ph/ru5/overview/default.html
  6. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 27 November 2013. 
  7. ^ "Albay - Cities and Municipalities". PSGC Interactive. Retrieved on 2012-05-15.
  8. ^ a b c "2010 Census of Population and Housing - Albay". pg. 7. National Statistics Office of the Philippines. Retrieved on 2012-05-15
  9. ^ a b "Municipality/City: LEGAZPI CITY (Capital)". Philippine Standard Geographic Code Interactive. Retrieved on 2012-05-17.
  10. ^ a b http://bicol.da.gov.ph/Statistics/regional_profile.html
  11. ^ "DILG Regional Office No. 5 Directory". Bicol Region Official website; retrieved 22 May 2012.
  12. ^ http://pnabicol.blogspot.com/2013/06/legazpi-expects-more-investments-from.html
  13. ^ http://www.philippine-islands.ph/en/legazpi_city-albay-philippines.html
  14. ^ "Discover Legazpi". wowlegazpi.com. Retrieved 26 March 2014. 
  15. ^ "The City Tagline". About Legazpi City. City Government Of Legazpi. Retrieved 26 March 2014. 
  16. ^ "An Act Creating the City of Legaspi (Charter of the City of Legaspi)". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-09. 
  17. ^ "An Act Recreating the Municipalities of Legaspi and Daraga in the Province of Albay". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-09. 
  18. ^ Republic Act No. 2234 The LawPhil Project (www.lawphil.net). Retrieved on 2013-08-31.
  19. ^ Republic Act No. 5525 Chan Robles (www.chanrobles.com). Retrieved on 2013-08-31.
  20. ^ "About Legazpi City - City History and Profile". Official Website of Legazpi City. Retrieved on 2012-05-16.
  21. ^ Philippine Presidential Decree No. 125 Chan Robles (www.chanrobles.com). Retrieved on 2013-08-31.
  22. ^ http://www.statoids.com/uph.html
  23. ^ http://www.lawphil.net/statutes/presdecs/pd1972/pd_1_1972.html
  24. ^ http://www.nscb.gov.ph/activestats/psgc/municipality.asp?muncode=050506000&regcode=05&provcode=05
  25. ^ http://www.legazpicity.gov.ph/barangay_league.php
  26. ^ a b "Climate Change Scenario for the Philippines". Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA). Retrieved 26 March 2014. 
  27. ^ "Forecasters Handbook for the Philippine Islands and Surrounding Waters". The Naval Research Laboratory. Retrieved 11 August 2012. 
  28. ^ [1], World Climate Guide, accessed 11 August 2012.
  29. ^ "Province of Albay". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  30. ^ http://www.philippine-islands.ph/en/legazpi_city-albay-philippines.html
  31. ^ http://dwdd.com.ph/2014/03/dot-albay-now-a-tourism-powerhouse-with-66-growth-in-2013/
  32. ^ http://www.bicolmail.com/2012/?p=15440
  33. ^ http://wowlegazpi.com/the-oriental-legazpi
  34. ^ http://www.manilatimes.net/p28-m-boats-deployed-to-beef-up-security-in-legazpi/96303/
  35. ^ http://wowlegazpi.com/hotel-st-ellis/
  36. ^ http://www.bicolmail.com/2012/?p=15440
  37. ^ a b c d e f g h "Tourism and Culture". About Legazpi City. City Government Of Legazpi. Retrieved 26 March 2014. 
  38. ^ "Embarcadero". wowlegazpi.com. Retrieved 26 March 2014. 
  39. ^ "PRO 5 History-Camp Simeon A. Ola". Police Regional Office 5 Official Website. Retrieved on 2012-05-17.
  40. ^ Abella, D. (1954). Bikol Annals: A Collection of Vignettes of Philippine History. Manila.
  41. ^ Dery, L. C. (1991). From Ibalon to Sorsogon : A Historical Survey of Sorsogon Province to 1905. Quezon City: New Day Publishers.
  42. ^ Espinas, M. (1996). The Ibalong : The Bikol Folk Epic-fragment. Manila: University of Santo Tomas Publishing House.
  43. ^ Mallari, F. (1990). Ibalon Under Storm and Siege : Essays on Bicol History: 1565-1860. Cagayan de Oro City.
  44. ^ Owen, N. (1999). The Bikol blend : Bikolanos and Their History. Quezon City: New Day Publishers.
  45. ^ Prado, M. G. (1981). Ibalon : Ethnohistory of the Bikol Region. Legazpi City: AMS Press.
  46. ^ Reyes, J. C. (January–February 1979). The Ibalen Epic - A Window to Bicols Pre-history. Boletin Eclesiastico de Filipinas v. 53 nos. 590-591, pp. 61-92.
  47. ^ http://www.philippine-islands.ph/en/legazpi_city-albay-philippines.html
  48. ^ List of the busiest airports in the Philippines
  49. ^ http://www.caap.gov.ph/index.php/downloads/viewcategory/13-statistics
  50. ^ http://www.scribd.com/doc/27364123/Complete-List-of-CHED-Accredited-Schools
  51. ^ http://thebookboxproject.wordpress.com/2011/07/27/list-public-secondary-school-region-v-bicol-region-division-legaspi-city/
  52. ^ http://depedregion5.ph/files/List-of-Private-Schools.pdf
  53. ^ http://bicolprivateschool.blogspot.com/2011/08/legaspi-city.html

External links[edit]