Legazpi, Albay

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Legazpi City
Component City
City of Legazpi

Seal
Nickname(s): Gateway City of Bicol
City of Fun and Adventure
Map of Albay showing the location of Legazpi City
Legazpi, Albay is located in Philippines
Legazpi City
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 13°08′N 123°44′E / 13.133°N 123.733°E / 13.133; 123.733Coordinates: 13°08′N 123°44′E / 13.133°N 123.733°E / 13.133; 123.733
CountryPhilippines
RegionBicol (Region V)
ProvinceAlbay
District2nd district
Founded1616
CityhoodJune 12, 1959
Barangays70
Government[1]
 • MayorNoel Rosal
Area[2]
 • Total153.70 km2 (59.34 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total182,201
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
Time zonePHT (UTC+8)
ZIP code4500
Dialing code52
Income class2nd class; partially urban[2]
Websitewww.legazpicity.gov.ph
 
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Legazpi City
Component City
City of Legazpi

Seal
Nickname(s): Gateway City of Bicol
City of Fun and Adventure
Map of Albay showing the location of Legazpi City
Legazpi, Albay is located in Philippines
Legazpi City
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 13°08′N 123°44′E / 13.133°N 123.733°E / 13.133; 123.733Coordinates: 13°08′N 123°44′E / 13.133°N 123.733°E / 13.133; 123.733
CountryPhilippines
RegionBicol (Region V)
ProvinceAlbay
District2nd district
Founded1616
CityhoodJune 12, 1959
Barangays70
Government[1]
 • MayorNoel Rosal
Area[2]
 • Total153.70 km2 (59.34 sq mi)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total182,201
 • Density1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
Time zonePHT (UTC+8)
ZIP code4500
Dialing code52
Income class2nd class; partially urban[2]
Websitewww.legazpicity.gov.ph

The City of Legazpi (Bikol: Ciudad nin Legazpi; Spanish: Ciudad de Legazpi) is a component city and capital of the province of Albay in the Philippines. It is the largest city in terms of population in Bicol with a population of 182,201 people[3] and is the regional and administrative center.

Mayon Volcano, one of the Philippines' most popular icons and tourist destinations, is partly within the city's borders. Legazpi is located on the east or Pacific coast of Albay province, specifically on Albay Gulf. The city comprises two historically distinct districts: Legazpi Port, which was the original site of the pre-Hispanic settlement called Sawangan, and now the city's main business district, and Albay District, which was the administrative headquarters during the Spanish and American colonial periods, and where the city hall and provincial capitol are still located.

Legazpi's nickname is the "City of Fun and Adventure".

Etymology[edit]

Legazpi was named after Miguel López de Legazpi, the Spanish conquistador who officially annexed the Philippine Islands to the Spanish Empire in 1565, and whose surname came from a town in Guipuzcoa, Spain.

History[edit]

Foundation[edit]

San Gregorio Magno Cathedral

Legazpi was originally a fishing settlement called Sawangan that occupied what is now the Legazpi Port, whose inhabitants were mostly fishermen and farmers.

In 1587, Franciscan friars of the Doctrina de Cagsawa began to convert the area's population to Christianity and in 1616, founded a separate parish town a few kilometres inland called Albay. Its first parish priest built a small chapel and established the Misión de San Gregorio Magno de Sawangan. Eventually, Sawangan was absorbed into Albay, which later gave its name to the entire province.

On September 22, 1856, through Royal Decree, the name Legazpi was officially adopted and the settlement was expanded to include the visitas of Lamba, Rawis and Bigaa. The newly expanded and independent town of Legazpi was officially inaugurated on October 23, 1856.

After the eruption of Mayon Volcano on February 1, 1814, Legazpi residents evacuated to Makalaya (now Taysan). At the decree of the Gobierno Superior on October 1, 1829, they were prohibited from establishing another town, leaving them to settle in Taytay (Bagumbayan). In 1818, Sawangan (now called Albay Viejo, 'Old Albay'), was partitioned from Cagsawa and made the capital of Partido de Ibalon (the former name of Albay Province). Some remained in Albay Viejo and established a new settlement around an ermita (hermitage/chapel of ease) dedicated to the Archangel Raphael, whom they adopted as their patron saint after Saint Gregory the Great had been transferred to the new site of Albay.

Having attained economic progress, autonomy and prosperity, Legazpi was declared open to world trade by the Cedula real of May 18, 1872.

Legazpi was first declared a city under the Becerra Law of 1892 by Rona Cantuba Mecayer. The new city comprised the municipalities of Legazpi, Albay Nuevo, and Daraga under the Ayuntamiento de Albay. The first set of officials - Alcalde, Teniente de Alcalde, Sindico, Secretario and Regidores (councilor) - took office in 1898.

Philippine-American War[edit]

The city saw heavy fighting during the Philippine-American War and under the leadership of Simeon Ola, Albay was the last province in Luzon to surrender to the American troops in 1904.[4] A monument in Legazpi Port commemorates Ola's last stand.

American Colonial Era[edit]

Following their occupation of the city in 1900, the American colonizers cancelled the Legazpi's city status. In 1908 after the war's conclusion, the Americans split Legazpi into two separate towns, Legazpi Port and Albay District, which became the provincial capital of Albay. In 1922, the town of Daraga was further split from the then municipality of Albay.

World War II[edit]

In 1941 and 1942, Japanese troops landed and occupied the city during the Second World War. Throughout the Japanese occupation, Bicolano resistance continued in the hills and mountains south of Legazpi. In January 1945, American and Filipino liberation forces supported by Bicolano guerrillas liberated Legazpi City from the Japanese Imperial Army. However, the city suffered extensive aerial bombardment from US aircraft and many old buildings were destroyed.

Independent Philippines[edit]

Legazpi became a city for the second time on July 18, 1948, when Daraga and Legazpi were combined to constitute its territory under Republic Act No. 306; at that time, President Elpidio Quirino commissioned Ma. Leonora Mecayer as the first City Mayor.[5] But on June 8, 1954, Republic Act No. 993 was approved, recreating the two towns (Daraga and Legazpi) and the city was dissolved.[6]

Finally, on June 12, 1959, Legazpi became a city for the third time under Republic Act no. 2234.[7] Amendments were introduced under R.A. 5525.[8] Presidential Decree 125 issued on February 23, 1973, declared the town of Daraga as part of the territorial jurisdiction of the city.[9][10] This decree, however, was not implemented with the onset of the Integrated Reorganization Plan, which involved the restructuring of local governments.

Barangays[edit]

Legazpi City is politically subdivided into 70 barangays.[2]

  • Bgy. 1 – EM's Barrio
  • Bgy. 2 – EM's Barrio South
  • Bgy. 3 – EM's Barrio East
  • Bgy. 4 – Sagpon
  • Bgy. 5 – Sagmin
  • Bgy. 6 – Bañadero
  • Bgy. 7 – Baño
  • Bgy. 8 – Bagumbayan
  • Bgy. 9 – Pinaric
  • Bgy. 10 – Cabugao
  • Bgy. 11 – Maoyod
  • Bgy. 12 – Tula-tula
  • Bgy. 13 – Ilawod West
  • Bgy. 14 – Ilawod
  • Bgy. 15 – Ilawod East
  • Bgy. 16 – Kawit-East Washington Drive
  • Bgy. 17 – Rizal Sreet., Ilawod
  • Bgy. 18 – Cabagñan West
  • Bgy. 19 – Cabagñan
  • Bgy. 20 – Cabagñan East
  • Bgy. 21 – Binanuahan West
  • Bgy. 22 – Binanuahan East
  • Bgy. 23 – Imperial Court Subd.
  • Bgy. 24 – Rizal
  • Bgy. 25 – Lapu-lapu
  • Bgy. 26 – Dinagaan
  • Bgy. 27 – Victory Village South
  • Bgy. 28 – Victory Village North
  • Bgy. 29 – Sabang
  • Bgy. 30 – Pigcale
  • Bgy. 31 – Centro-Baybay
  • Bgy. 32 – San Roque
  • Bgy. 33 – PNR-Peñaranda St.-Iraya
  • Bgy. 34 – Oro Site-Magallanes St.
  • Bgy. 35 – Tinago
  • Bgy. 36 – Kapantawan
  • Bgy. 37 – Bitano
  • Bgy. 38 – Gogon
  • Bgy. 39 – Bonot
  • Bgy. 40 – Cruzada
  • Bgy. 41 – Bogtong
  • Bgy. 42 – Rawis
  • Bgy. 43 – Tamaoyan
  • Bgy. 44 – Pawa
  • Bgy. 45 – Dita
  • Bgy. 46 – San Joaquin
  • Bgy. 47 – Arimbay
  • Bgy. 48 – Bagong Abre
  • Bgy. 49 – Bigaa
  • Bgy. 50 – Padang
  • Bgy. 51 – Buyuan
  • Bgy. 52 – Matanag
  • Bgy. 53 – Bonga
  • Bgy. 54 – Mabinit
  • Bgy. 55 – Estanza
  • Bgy. 56 – Taysan
  • Bgy. 57 – Dap-dap
  • Bgy. 58 – Buragwis
  • Bgy. 59 – Puro
  • Bgy. 60 – Lamba
  • Bgy. 61 – Maslog
  • Bgy. 62 – Homapon
  • Bgy. 63 – Mariawa
  • Bgy. 64 – Bagacay
  • Bgy. 65 – Imalnod
  • Bgy. 66 – Banquerohan
  • Bgy. 67 – Bariis
  • Bgy. 68 – San Francisco
  • Bgy. 69 – Buenavista
  • Bgy. 70 – Cagbacong

Climate[edit]

Legazpi City features a tropical rainforest climate with copious amount of rainfall throughout the course of the year. Legazpi has noticeable wetter and drier periods of the year. However, the city’s driest month, April, still sees on average, over 150 millimetres (5.9 in) of precipitation per year. Similar to many other cities with this climate, temperatures are relatively constant throughout the course of the year, with a mean annual average of 26.9 °C (80.4 °F). Owing to the strength of the northeast monsoon (locally know as the "amihan") and persistent easterly trade winds, Legazpi rarely gets as hot as Metro Manila and temperatures above 35 °C (95 °F) are uncommon.[11] The coolest month is January with a daily mean of 25.3 °C (77.5 °F) and the hottest months are jointly May and June with a daily mean of 28.1 °C (82.6 °F). The all time record high temperature was 37.7 °C (99.9 °F) on May 27, 1968 and the all time record low temperature was 13.9 °C (57.0 °F) on February 28, 1971.[12]

Climate data for Legazpi
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)32.7
(90.9)
33.7
(92.7)
35
(95)
36.5
(97.7)
37.7
(99.9)
37.6
(99.7)
36.6
(97.9)
36.9
(98.4)
36
(97)
35.3
(95.5)
34.4
(93.9)
33.2
(91.8)
37.7
(99.9)
Average high °C (°F)28.6
(83.5)
29.1
(84.4)
30.0
(86)
31.3
(88.3)
32.3
(90.1)
32.0
(89.6)
31.5
(88.7)
31.6
(88.9)
31.5
(88.7)
31.0
(87.8)
30.1
(86.2)
29.0
(84.2)
30.7
(87.3)
Average low °C (°F)22.4
(72.3)
22.2
(72)
23.2
(73.8)
24.2
(75.6)
24.8
(76.6)
24.5
(76.1)
24.2
(75.6)
24.3
(75.7)
24.1
(75.4)
23.8
(74.8)
23.7
(74.7)
23.7
(74.7)
23.2
(73.8)
Record low °C (°F)17
(63)
13.9
(57)
17
(63)
16.7
(62.1)
17.1
(62.8)
18.9
(66)
15.8
(60.4)
19.4
(66.9)
19.0
(66.2)
17.2
(63)
17.9
(64.2)
16.7
(62.1)
13.9
(57)
Rainfall mm (inches)296.9
(11.689)
195.6
(7.701)
192.6
(7.583)
151.2
(5.953)
181.3
(7.138)
240.9
(9.484)
239.4
(9.425)
178.3
(7.02)
216.3
(8.516)
264.0
(10.394)
484.6
(19.079)
458.6
(18.055)
3,099.7
(122.035)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm)191515151416171617202222208
 % humidity79747268676878788081848470
Mean monthly sunshine hours1551682172402792101861861861801571492,313
Source #1: PAGASA[13]
Source #2: World Climate Guide (sunshine data).[14]

Demographics[edit]

Street scene with Legazpi City Hall
Population census of Legazpi
YearPop.  ±% p.a.  
1990121,116—    
1995141,657+3.18%
2000157,010+2.08%
2007179,481+1.93%
2010182,201+0.50%
Source: National Statistics Office[3][15]

Religion[edit]

The city is the ecclesiastical seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Legazpi with the Cathedral of Saint Gregory the Great (Albay Cathedral) as its church. Like most Filipinos, the vast majority of the city's residents are Roman Catholics.

Economy[edit]

Banking[edit]

Numerous banks have established several branches in the city. The Legazpi Savings bank which originated from the city is the biggest thrift bank in Bicol. As of December 31, 2013, the city had 38 banks.

Shopping Malls[edit]

The city hosts a number of malls.

The oldest is LCC which opened in the late 1980s. LCC is set to open a new shopping center to be called Liberty City Center Mall at the site of Legazpi's old public market.

Pacific Mall which opened its doors in 2001 is the largest in the city. It is the mall with the most locators with over 200 and has Cebu-based Metro Gaisano as its anchor store. The mall is now into its second expansion and this will open sometime in 2014.

A. Bichara Silverscreens opened in 1998 and has three cinemas offering 2D, 3D and most recently 2DXL, the first to do so in the region. The fourth cinema is opening soon. The mall also has SM Savemore as its anchor supermarket.

The Embarcadero de Legazpi is Sunwest Corporations first foray into the mall business. Embarcadero de Legazpi is a premier waterfront development in the Legazpi City harbor, with dining, shopping, and entertainment, as well as attractions like water sports, para-sailing, Jet Ski, paddle boat, water jeep, and even helicopter rides for a panoramic view of Mayon Volcano and the cityscape. Embarcadero also hosts the first Puregold in Bicol.

LKY Group which manages the Legazpi Central Terminal is also entering the mall business with the construction of The Central Legazpi and Bridgeway Mall. It already has SM Savemore as its anchor store.

In the last quarter of 2013, Robinsons Supermarket opened its doors in in Old Albay beside the La Mia Tazza Coffee.

Business Process Outsourcing[edit]

The city currently has two IT park—the Embarcadero de Legazpi and the Legazpi Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Park that are both highly conducive for outsourcing businesses.The two facilities offer about 8,000 call center seats that could provide jobs to some 24,000 agents in three-shifts. Pioneering the business in the city is the Incubation Center of Southern Luzon Technological College Foundation Inc. (SLTCFI) which is an extension of Embarcadero’s P1.8-billion IT Park, the very first IT ecozone in the Bicol region inaugurated in July 2009.

Places of interest[edit]

Festivals[edit]

However, the present location of the ancient settlement of Ibalong is in Magallanes, Sorsogon.[19][20][21][22][23][24][25]

Monuments[edit]

Sports and recreation[edit]

Legazpi City has two air-conditioned arenas, the Albay Astrodome and the newly renovated Ibalong Centrum for Recreation (ICR). These arenas served as venues for Philippine Basketball Association (PBA) games in the past. Apart from these, other private sports stadiums are located at the Aquinas University, Divine Word College of Legazpi and St. Agnes Academy.

The Bicol/Legazpi Convention Center is proposed to be built in the Legazpi Boulevard.

Media[edit]

Philippine Long Distance Telelphone Co (PLDT) Bayantel and Digitel has provides wired telephone/ DSL services . Wi-MAX (4G), 3G/HSDPA / 2G mobile facilities are served by Globe, Smart and Sun Cellular. Tripinvision, ESTV and DCTV provides cable TV services in the city.

FM Stations:

  • 89.9 MHz DWFX (FoxFM) - Classic Hits
  • 91.5 MHz DWML (Magik) - hot adult contemporary
  • 92.3 MHz DWQA (Home Radio) - adult contemporary
  • 93.9 MHz DWRD (MOR) - hot adult contemporary
  • 94.7 MHz DWBS-FM (Spirit FM) -urban adult contemporary
  • 95.5 MHz DWRC (RadioCity) - hot adult contemporary
  • 96.3 MHz DWCW (Campus Radio) - hot adult contemporary
  • 97.1 MHz DWGB-FM (OK-FM) - Top 40/adult contemporary
  • 98.7 MHz DWWL (WoW FM)
  • 99.5 MHz DWCM (Love Radio) - hot adult contemporary
  • 105.9 MHz DZCA-FM - community radio
  • 106.3 MHz DWBU-FM - community radio

AM Stations:

  • 729 kHz DZGB
  • 828 kHz DWZR
  • 864 kHz DZRC
  • 927 kHz DZLG
  • 1008 kHz DWBS-AM (catholic/news)
  • 1080 kHz DWRL-AM
  • 1125 kHz DWAS-AM (Christian/religious)

TV Stations:

Transportation[edit]

Legazpi Airport

Legazpi is the center of transportation in the Bicol Region, being strategically located in the middle of the region, between two other major cities in Bicol and is colloquially considered as the "Gateway to South Luzon". Legazpi also hosts the most modern airports, seaports and transport terminals in the region.

By air
The city is served by Legazpi Airport, which is the busiest Domestic Airport in Luzon and with its runway of 2,280 metres (7,480 ft), it is capable of handling international aircraft. Philippine Airlines has two flights daily while Cebu Pacific Air has three flights each daily from Manila. Cebu Pacific's third flight route is Manila-Legazpi-Cebu which operates 3x a week. Both Cebu Pacific and PAL use Airbus A319s and A320s.
By land
Legazpi can be reached through land transport (by bus) from Manila in about 10 hours, two hours less if the new Andaya Highway route is taken. The city has one of the most modern van and transport terminals in the country. More than 10 bus companies operate daily transport to and from Manila to Legazpi which makes the city very accessible to commuters and tourists alike.
By train
As of March 2012, The 10 1/2-hour Mayon Limited started traveling between Manila and Ligao, about 28 kilometres (17 mi) from Legazpi. That service would extend to Legazpi in 2013.[26][27]
By water
The Legazpi International Seaport is nearing completion and is set to open in late 2012 or early 2013. It is the second international seaport in Albay, after Tabaco's International Seaport.

Education[edit]

Tertiary education[edit]

The city has two universities: Aquinas University of Legazpi (AUL),the First Catholic University of Bicol and the sister school of The Royal and Pontifical University of Santo Tomas in Manila, and the state-run Bicol University (BU).

Aside from AUL, and BU, Legazpi is also the host of the following educational institutions:

Divine Word College of Legazpi (DWCL) is a Catholic school of higher learning run by the Society of the Divine Word. The Ago Medical Educational Center Bicol Christian College of Medicine in Albay district is the first and only school of medicine in the Bicol Region. Mariners' Polytechnic Colleges Foundation (MPCF) is the only maritime institute in Legazpi City. SL Technological College Foundation Inc. along Quezon Avenue, is the first in the city to offer business process outsourcing (BPO) services and support.

Manila-based computer schools AMA Computer University and STI College have established branches in the city. Computer Arts and Technological College, formerly CATS, is located on Balintawak Street in the Albay District. Singapore-based Informatics Computer Institute is located on Rizal Street.[28]

Secondary and primary education[edit]

Saint Agnes Academy on Rizal Street was founded in 1912 and is considered as the oldest Catholic school in Albay. It is a sister school of Manila's St. Scholastica's College, which is also established by the Missionary Benedictines Sisters. The school celebrated its centennial year in July 2012.

Another school that offers primary and secondary education is Legazpi Hope Christian School (LHCS), located at St. Vincent Village, Cabangan, Legazpi City. The school caters to the growing Filipino-Chinese community of the city.

Saint Raphael Academy, formerly Saint Raphael Parochial School, on Aguinaldo Street was founded in 1949 by Monsgr. Nicanor B. Bellez and was turned over to the Augustinian Recollect Sisters in 1956. It celebrated its 60th year of existence in the city in 2009.

Aquinas University High School, a sister school of the Pontifical and Royal University of Sto. Tomas, has recently opened its new building in Rawis, Legazpi last June 2012.

Other high school institutions in the city are Legazpi City High School, Cat College, Divine Word High School and SL BPO High School.

Health care[edit]

Other Health care institutions in Legazpi providing general care:

Notable Legazpeños[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

Local[edit]

International[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 27 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "Albay - Cities and Municipalities". PSGC Interactive. Retrieved on 2012-05-15.
  3. ^ a b c "2010 Census of Population and Housing - Albay". pg. 7. National Statistics Office of the Philippines. Retrieved on 2012-05-15.
  4. ^ http://www.guinobatan.gov.ph/index.php/guinobatan/contents/tourism/Gen-Simeon-Arboleda-Ola
  5. ^ "An Act Creating the City of Legaspi (Charter of the City of Legaspi)". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-09. 
  6. ^ "An Act Recreating the Municipalities of Legaspi and Daraga in the Province of Albay". LawPH.com. Retrieved 2011-04-09. 
  7. ^ Republic Act No. 2234 The LawPhil Project (www.lawphil.net). Retrieved on 2013-08-31.
  8. ^ Republic Act No. 5525 Chan Robles (www.chanrobles.com). Retrieved on 2013-08-31.
  9. ^ "About Legazpi City - City History and Profile". Official Website of Legazpi City. Retrieved on 2012-05-16.
  10. ^ Philippine Presidential Decree No. 125 Chan Robles (www.chanrobles.com). Retrieved on 2013-08-31.
  11. ^ http://kidlat.pagasa.dost.gov.ph/cab/scenario.htm
  12. ^ http://kidlat.pagasa.dost.gov.ph/cab/scenario.htm
  13. ^ "Forecasters Handbook for the Philippine Islands and Surrounding Waters". The Naval Research Laboratory. Retrieved 11 August 2012. 
  14. ^ [1], World Climate Guide, accessed 11 August 2012.
  15. ^ "Province of Albay". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 16 August 2013. 
  16. ^ "PRO 5 History-Camp Simeon A. Ola". Police Regional Office 5 Official Website. Retrieved on 2012-05-17.
  17. ^ a b "About Legazpi - Tourism and Culture". Official Website of Legazpi City. Retrieved on 2012-05-17.
  18. ^ Muring, Ronnie (2011_0202). "Legaspi City business center, seaport and The Embarcadero". Panoramio. Retrieved on 2012-05-16.
  19. ^ Abella, D. (1954). Bikol Annals: A Collection of Vignettes of Philippine History. Manila.
  20. ^ Dery, L. C. (1991). From Ibalon to Sorsogon : A Historical Survey of Sorsogon Province to 1905. Quezon City: New Day Publishers.
  21. ^ Espinas, M. (1996). The Ibalong : The Bikol Folk Epic-fragment. Manila: University of Santo Tomas Publishing House.
  22. ^ Mallari, F. (1990). Ibalon Under Storm and Siege : Essays on Bicol History: 1565-1860. Cagayan de Oro City.
  23. ^ Owen, N. (1999). The Bikol blend : Bikolanos and Their History. Quezon City: New Day Publishers.
  24. ^ Prado, M. G. (1981). Ibalon : Ethnohistory of the Bikol Region. Legazpi City: AMS Press.
  25. ^ Reyes, J. C. (January–February 1979). The Ibalen Epic - A Window to Bicols Pre-history. Boletin Eclesiastico de Filipinas v. 53 nos. 590-591, pp. 61-92.
  26. ^ "How to travel by train in The Philippines". The Man in Seat Sixty-One. Retrieved on 2012-05-27.
  27. ^ "Stations and Train Schedules". Philippine National Railways. Retrieved on 2012-05-27.
  28. ^ "Albay, Legazpi – Informatics Computer Institute". Informatics Education. Retrieved on 2012-05-17.

External links[edit]