Leavenworth, Washington

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Leavenworth, Washington
—  City  —
Leavenworth's main street reflects its modelling on a Bavarian village
Location of Leavenworth, Washington
Coordinates: 47°35′47″N 120°39′55″W / 47.59639°N 120.66528°W / 47.59639; -120.66528Coordinates: 47°35′47″N 120°39′55″W / 47.59639°N 120.66528°W / 47.59639; -120.66528
CountryUnited States
StateWashington
CountyChelan
Government
 • MayorCheri Kelley Farivar
Area[1]
 • Total1.25 sq mi (3.24 km2)
 • Land1.23 sq mi (3.19 km2)
 • Water0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation1,171 ft (357 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total1,965
 • Estimate (2012[3])1,989
 • Density1,597.6/sq mi (616.8/km2)
Time zonePST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code98826
Area code509
FIPS code53-38845
GNIS feature ID1521981[4]
Websitewww.cityofleavenworth.com
 
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Leavenworth, Washington
—  City  —
Leavenworth's main street reflects its modelling on a Bavarian village
Location of Leavenworth, Washington
Coordinates: 47°35′47″N 120°39′55″W / 47.59639°N 120.66528°W / 47.59639; -120.66528Coordinates: 47°35′47″N 120°39′55″W / 47.59639°N 120.66528°W / 47.59639; -120.66528
CountryUnited States
StateWashington
CountyChelan
Government
 • MayorCheri Kelley Farivar
Area[1]
 • Total1.25 sq mi (3.24 km2)
 • Land1.23 sq mi (3.19 km2)
 • Water0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation1,171 ft (357 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total1,965
 • Estimate (2012[3])1,989
 • Density1,597.6/sq mi (616.8/km2)
Time zonePST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code98826
Area code509
FIPS code53-38845
GNIS feature ID1521981[4]
Websitewww.cityofleavenworth.com

Leavenworth is a city in Chelan County, Washington, United States. It is part of the WenatcheeEast Wenatchee Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 1,965 at the 2010 census.[5] The population was 1,970 at 2012 Estimate from Office of Financial Management. The entire town center is modeled on a Bavarian village.

History[edit source | edit]

The first route across Stevens Pass was built by the Great Northern Railway in 1892. The townsite was across the Wenatchee River from Icicle and was named Leavenworth the same year the rail construction began. Captain Charles Leavenworth, president of the Okanogan Investment Company, purchased the land in the present-day downtown and laid the streets parallel to the new railroad tracks.

The railroad construction was completed during the winter of 1893. Lafayette Lamb and his brother, Chauncery Lamb arrived in 1903 from Iowa to build the second largest sawmill in Washington state.

Leavenworth was officially incorporated on September 5, 1906. A small timber community, it became the headquarters of the Great North Railroad in the early 1900s. The railroad relocated to Wenatchee in the 1920s, greatly affecting Leavenworth's economy.

The city struggled until 1962, when the Project LIFE (Leavenworth Improvement For Everyone) Committee was formed to transform the city into a mock Bavarian village to revitalize its economy.[6] Owen and Pauline Watson, owners of a business on Front Street, formed the committee after visiting Solvang, California in 1958 and thought it was an excellent idea for Leavenworth.

Leavenworth is home to the Leavenworth Nutcracker Museum, which opened in 1995 and contains more than 5,000 nutcrackers dating from prehistoric to modern.[7] Leavenworth hosts an annual Oktoberfest celebration.[8] Leavenworth's transformation into a theme town was inspired, and assisted, by Solvang, California. Later the Washington town of Winthrop followed Leavenworth's example and adopted a town theme.[9]

In November 2007 Good Morning America went to Leavenworth for Holiday Gifts for the Globe where GMA helped light up the town for the Christmas Holiday. Leavenworth was also named the Ultimate HolidayTown USA by A&E.[10]

Geography[edit source | edit]

Leavenworth, Washington
6/1/1948 to 12/31/2005
Climate chart (explanation)
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
4.8
 
34
18
 
 
3
 
43
22
 
 
2.2
 
53
27
 
 
1.1
 
63
34
 
 
0.9
 
73
41
 
 
0.9
 
79
47
 
 
0.3
 
88
51
 
 
0.5
 
87
50
 
 
0.7
 
79
43
 
 
2.1
 
63
34
 
 
4.2
 
44
28
 
 
4.9
 
34
21
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Source: DRI

Leavenworth is located at 47°35′47″N 120°39′55″W (47.596341, -120.665224).[11]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.25 square miles (3.24 km2), of which, 1.23 square miles (3.19 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water.[1]

Climate[edit source | edit]

Climate data for Leavenworth, Washington
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)64
(18)
64
(18)
76
(24)
88
(31)
101
(38)
105
(41)
107
(42)
108
(42)
102
(39)
91
(33)
68
(20)
60
(16)
108
(42)
Average high °F (°C)35
(2)
43
(6)
53
(12)
62
(17)
71
(22)
78
(26)
87
(31)
88
(31)
79
(26)
63
(17)
44
(7)
33
(1)
61.3
(16.5)
Average low °F (°C)20
(−7)
22
(−6)
28
(−2)
34
(1)
41
(5)
48
(9)
52
(11)
51
(11)
43
(6)
34
(1)
28
(−2)
20
(−7)
35.1
(1.7)
Record low °F (°C)−25
(−32)
−25
(−32)
−6
(−21)
19
(−7)
24
(−4)
31
(−1)
34
(1)
30
(−1)
24
(−4)
11
(−12)
−10
(−23)
−36
(−38)
−36
(−38)
Precipitation inches (mm)4.50
(114.3)
2.72
(69.1)
2.09
(53.1)
1.11
(28.2)
1.07
(27.2)
1.07
(27.2)
0.39
(9.9)
0.46
(11.7)
0.65
(16.5)
2.07
(52.6)
4.50
(114.3)
4.49
(114)
25.12
(638.1)
Source: [12]

Demographics[edit source | edit]

Historical populations
CensusPop.
19101,551
19201,79115.5%
19301,415−21.0%
19401,60813.6%
19501,503−6.5%
19601,480−1.5%
19701,322−10.7%
19801,52615.4%
19901,69210.9%
20002,07422.6%
20101,965−5.3%
Est. 20111,9931.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[13]
Historical Population 1890-2000[14]
2011 estimate[15]
Flowers in the Bavarian Village, 2006

2010 census[edit source | edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 1,965 people, 908 households, and 500 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,597.6 inhabitants per square mile (616.8 /km2). There were 1,241 housing units at an average density of 1,008.9 per square mile (389.5 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 92.9% White, 0.4% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 3.9% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10.8% of the population.

There were 908 households of which 24.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.9% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 44.9% were non-families. 37.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.16 and the average family size was 2.84.

The median age in the city was 42.4 years. 19.9% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.3% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 25% were from 25 to 44; 27.2% were from 45 to 64; and 19.9% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 46.7% male and 53.3% female.

2000 census[edit source | edit]

As of the census of 2000, there are 2,074 people, 899 households, and 543 families residing in the city. The population density is 1,675.6 people per square mile (645.8/km²). There are 1,107 housing units at an average density of 894.4 per square mile (344.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city is 93.64% White, 0.10% African American, 1.45% Native American, 0.34% Asian, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 3.04% from other races, and 1.35% from two or more races. 6.17% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There are 899 households out of which 28.7% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.4% are married couples living together, 10.9% have a female householder with no husband present, and 39.5% are non-families. 32.9% of all households are made up of individuals and 16.7% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.31 and the average family size is 2.93.

In the city the population is spread out with 24.8% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 25.0% from 25 to 44, 25.0% from 45 to 64, and 18.6% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 41 years. For every 100 females there are 88.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 83.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city is $35,692, and the median income for a family is $48,347. Males have a median income of $35,165 versus $23,854 for females. The per capita income for the city is $18,709. 8.3% of the population and 5.2% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 9.5% of those under the age of 18 and 12.6% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line.

Transportation[edit source | edit]

Downtown Leavenworth, 1500 feet below, as viewed from the adjacent Tumwater Mountain on an August afternoon

See also[edit source | edit]

Notes[edit source | edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-06-01. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "2010 Census Redistricting Data (Public Law 94-171) Summary File". American FactFinder. United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 25 September 2012. 
  6. ^ More on the transformation and challenges on Leavenworth's Chamber of Commerce site.
  7. ^ About Us
  8. ^ LeavenworthOktoberfest.com
  9. ^ Kirk, Ruth; Carmela Alexander (1990). Exploring Washington's Past: A Road Guide to History. University of Washington Press. pp. 80, 105. ISBN 0-295-97443-5. Retrieved 2009-09-13. 
  10. ^ ABC News: Holiday Gifts for the Globe
  11. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  12. ^ "weather.com". 
  13. ^ U.S. Decennial Census
  14. ^ Historical Decennial Population 1890-2000
  15. ^ "Table 3. Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places in Washington: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2011 (SUB-EST2011-03-53)" (CSV). United States Census Bureau, Population Division. 2012-09-23. Retrieved 2012-09-23. 
  16. ^ "Icicle Kwik Stop". Northwestern Trailways. Retrieved 2009-10-15. 
  17. ^ "Leavenworth - LEA". Retrieved 2009-10-16. 
  18. ^ "Trolley Service in Leavenworth Washington". Retrieved 2009-10-13. 
  19. ^ "Leavenworth DART". Retrieved 2009-10-10. 
  20. ^ "Leavenworth Shuttle & Taxi". Retrieved 2009-10-10. 

External links[edit source | edit]