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Learning standards (also called academic standards or content standards) are the standards applied to education content, particularly in the US K-12 education system. Such standards are usually composed of statements that express what a student knows, can do, or is capable of typically at a certain point in their learning progression (often at as high a grain as "grade").
Learning standards have become an important part of the standards-based education reform movement, in which learning standards are used to create rubrics for assessment in many schools; standardized tests are often used for grade-level evaluations, and; standardized exams are used to graduate students in many US schools.
An example of learning standards are state-developed learning standards as described below or the Common Core State Standards(CCSS) developed by the NGA and the Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSSO)
Learning standards are also present at the local level in curriculum published by school districts where they often take the form of guidelines by grade of what a student can or should be able to do, or possibly even activity level learning objectives. These often are based on the state standards but at a finer grain.
Learning standards can also take the form of learning objectives and content-specific standards and controlled vocabulary, as well as metadata about content. There are technical standards for encoding these standards that deal with K-12 learning environments, which are separate from those in higher education and corporate space..
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