Leamington, Ontario

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Leamington
—  City  —

Coat of arms
Nickname(s): The Sun Parlour of Canada, The Tomato Capital of Canada.
Motto: Southern Latitude... Friendly Attitude
Coordinates: 42°04′N 82°35′W / 42.067°N 82.583°W / 42.067; -82.583Coordinates: 42°04′N 82°35′W / 42.067°N 82.583°W / 42.067; -82.583
Country Canada
Province Ontario
CountyEssex
Government
 • MayorJohn Paterson
 • MPDave Van Kesteren (CONS)
 • MPPRick Nicholls (PC)
Area[1][2][3]
 • Land261.92 km2 (101.13 sq mi)
 • Urban25.64 km2 (9.90 sq mi)
 • Metro508.76 km2 (196.43 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1][2][3]
 • City28,403
 • Density108.4/km2 (281/sq mi)
 • Urban31,254
 • Urban density1,218.9/km2 (3,157/sq mi)
 • Metro49,765
 • Metro density97.8/km2 (253/sq mi)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s)519 and 226
Websitewww.leamington.ca
 
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Leamington
—  City  —

Coat of arms
Nickname(s): The Sun Parlour of Canada, The Tomato Capital of Canada.
Motto: Southern Latitude... Friendly Attitude
Coordinates: 42°04′N 82°35′W / 42.067°N 82.583°W / 42.067; -82.583Coordinates: 42°04′N 82°35′W / 42.067°N 82.583°W / 42.067; -82.583
Country Canada
Province Ontario
CountyEssex
Government
 • MayorJohn Paterson
 • MPDave Van Kesteren (CONS)
 • MPPRick Nicholls (PC)
Area[1][2][3]
 • Land261.92 km2 (101.13 sq mi)
 • Urban25.64 km2 (9.90 sq mi)
 • Metro508.76 km2 (196.43 sq mi)
Population (2011)[1][2][3]
 • City28,403
 • Density108.4/km2 (281/sq mi)
 • Urban31,254
 • Urban density1,218.9/km2 (3,157/sq mi)
 • Metro49,765
 • Metro density97.8/km2 (253/sq mi)
Time zoneEastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
Area code(s)519 and 226
Websitewww.leamington.ca

Leamington is a municipality in Essex County, Ontario, Canada. With a population of 28,403, it is the second largest municipality in the Windsor-Essex County area (after the separated municipality of Windsor, Ontario). It includes Point Pelee, the southernmost point of mainland Canada. It has a large H. J. Heinz Company factory and is known as the "Tomato Capital of Canada", with 4 km² of this crop in the vicinity. It also lays claim to being the "Sun Parlour" of Canada due to its southern location.

Contents

History

Leamington was incorporated as a village in 1876. It was a crossroads hamlet with about 300 residents and was known for its lumber products rather than its tomatoes. There were several docks, and fish were plentiful in Lake Erie, so much so that sturgeon could be speared from the shore and fish was the cheapest food available. Leamington once had many tobacco farms but now they are virtually nonexistent. In 1908 the H. J. Heinz company came to Leamington, bringing many jobs to the area and contributing to Leamington's growth.

In the early hours of Sunday, June 6, 2010, an F1 tornado ripped through portions of southern Essex County, stretching from Harrow, through Kingsville, to southern Leamington before dissipating near Point Pelee National Park, creating considerable damage, but no loss of life or any direct injuries.

Climate

Leamington enjoys the second warmest climate in Canada, after the Lower Mainland of British Columbia.[citation needed] Leamington lies on the 42nd Parallel, the same latitude as Chicago, Rome, the northern border of California, and Zaragoza. Leamington is situated on the north shore of Lake Erie and is home to Point Pelee National Park, a major site for migrating birds especially in the autumn. As such, it plays host to many birdwatchers from Canada, the United States and from all around the world. The region is also known for the migration of Monarch butterflies, which congregate in the fall at Point Pelee before making their way across Lake Erie on their route to winter quarters in central Mexico.

Another important natural area near Leamington is the wetland at Hillman Marsh, located six kilometres east of the town.

Demographics

Historical populations
YearPop.±%
1871200
18811,910+855.0%
19012,451+28.3%
19112,652+8.2%
19213,675+38.6%
19314,902+33.4%
19415,799+18.3%
19516,950+19.8%
19619,030+29.9%
197110,435+15.6%
198112,528+20.1%
199114,182+13.2%
199625,389+79.0%
200127,138+6.9%
200628,833+6.2%
201128,403−1.5%
1996 population reflects boundary changes made between the 1996 census and the 2001 census.
Canada 2006 CensusPopulation % of Total Population
Visible minority group
Source:[4]
South Asian800.3%
Chinese1450.5%
Black2450.9%
Filipino250.1%
Latin American1,3904.9%
Arab5802.1%
Southeast Asian2751%
West Asian250.1%
Korean00%
Japanese400.1%
Other visible minority800.3%
Mixed visible minority250.1%
Total visible minority population2,91510.3%
Aboriginal group
Source:[5]
First Nations1600.6%
Métis1150.4%
Inuit00%
Total Aboriginal population3051.1%
White25,05588.6%
Total population28,275100%

According to the Canada 2011 Census there were 28,403 people living in Leamington. The Leamington Census agglomeration (metro area) includes Kingsville.

Language

The majority of people from Leamington speak English. According to the 2006 census, 16,915 speak English only, 8460 male and 8460 female. Around 600 people speak French due to the French school, 10,840 speak other languages such as German, Spanish and Arabic, and 45 speak English and French.[6]

Residents of Leamington include a population of Lebanese, Portuguese and Italian. Mennonite settlers have also increased the size of the population.

Age

According to the 2011 census, the median age of people living in Leamington is 37.2 years - for men the age was 37.7 and for women the age was 40.9 years of age.[1]

Immigration

According to a 2006 survey 19,365 people are not immigrants while 7,485 are immigrants. The majority of immigrants come from Mexico and Jamaica and are seasonal laborers. According to the census, Leamington had the highest percentage of Latin Americans in Canada, with 4.9%.[6]

Tourism

Leamington's Marina

Leamington has been known for its tourism and attractions and is known as the tomato capital of Canada. Leamington's attractions include bicycle paths and nearby Point Pelee National Park. Leamington also has a large and modern marina. The town's water tower, visible for miles in the flat southern Ontario landscape, is also in the shape and colour of a giant tomato. Celebrating its position as an agricultural powerhouse and its heritage as the H. J. Heinz Company's center for processing "red goods," the city hosts a "Tomato Festival" each August, as a kickoff of the tomato-harvesting season. Car shows, beauty pageants, parades, and a fair are featured at the festival.

Leamington's position on the north shore of Lake Erie makes it an important recreational centre.[citation needed] The tourist information booth in the centre of town is a large fiberglass tomato.

Parks

Seacliff Park

Leamington has several parks including Seacliff Park, The Marina Park, Mersea Park and Garrison Gardens,Henry Park and Chestnut Park

Transportation

Leamington has a variety of transportation. It has a bicycle path going from the middle of town to the Marina, previously the rail line for Heinz. Leamington has two ferries, the (M/V Jiimaan and M/V Pelee Islander) owned by the Owen Sound Transportation Company run on a regularly scheduled seasonal basis from Leamington to Pelee Island. Transportation around Leamington is offered by the Leamington Transit bus system. Leamington has a small private airport located four kilometres to the east of town. The town is also connected to the provincial highway network by Highway 3 (to Windsor), and Highway 77 (to Highway 401).

Economy

Known as the tomato capital of Canada, Leamington became the home of the H. J. Heinz factory in 1908. The Heinz products are shipped from Leamington, with English and French labels, mostly to the United States. Ketchup and baby food are the main products.

Along with the H. J. Heinz Company factory, Leamington has also been known for its greenhouses, and now has the largest number of commercial greenhouses in all of North America. Major products of the greenhouse industry, in addition to tomatoes, are peppers, cucumbers, roses, and other flowers. Hydroponic farming has been very successfully adopted by many greenhouse operators in Leamington. Historically, tobacco was an important crop in the area, but tobacco production declined in the 1960s and today is virtually nonexistent. Leamington's agribusiness success comes from a fortuitous combination of excellent soil, knowledgeable and energetic owners, and a favorable climate.

Migrant workers, mostly Mexican and Caribbean seasonal labourers, annually arrive in the region to work in Leamington's greenhouses and farms. Because of the influx of legal seasonal workers, Leamington has opened up several Mexican and Jamaican shops, and even has a Mexican Consulate.

Leamington is home to a small community hospital, Leamington District Memorial Hospital (LDMH), at 194 Talbot Road West.

Sports

Media

Leamington's weekly newspaper is the Leamington Post (formerly called the Post and News). Leamington is home to two regional commercial radio stations. Mix 96.7FM was originally known as CJSP and was on 710 on the AM dial, having signed on the air on February 17, 1955. In 2008, a second radio station with the call-sign of CJSP signed on at 92.7 FM as a country music station. A community television station, CFTV channel 34, launched in 2006. CFTV-TV is on channel 100 on Cogeco digital cable (having been moved from channel 79 to 100).

Leamington In media

Education

English-language public education for kindergarten through secondary school grades in Essex County is administered by the Greater Essex County District School Board, along with the Windsor-Essex Catholic District School Board which oversees English-language catholic education.

French-language public and catholic education are overseen by the Conseil scolaire Viamonde and the Conseil scolaire de district des écoles catholiques du Sud-Ouest respectively. The scope of all of these organizations includes both the County and the City of Windsor.

Prior to 1998 the Essex County Board of Education operates Anglophone secular public schools.

Elementary

Leamington has six public elementary schools, Margaret D. Bennie, Mill Street, Queen Elizabeth, Gore Hill, Mount Carmel - Blytheswood Public School and East Mersea. Leamington has two Catholic elementary schools: Queen of Peace and Saint Louis. Leamington also has one French speaking Catholic School, St. Michel. South Shore Christian School is a private elementary school located in Leamington. Leamington has two main school boards the Greater Essex County District School Board and the Windsor-Essex Catholic School Board.

Secondary

Leamington has three secondary schools: Leamington District Secondary School (LDSS); Cardinal Carter Catholic High School (Leamington), and U.M.E.I (United Mennonite Education Institute).

Notable people from Leamington

References

External links