List of Latin words with English derivatives

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This is a list of Latin words with derivatives in English (and other modern languages).

Ancient orthography did not distinguish between i and j or between u and v. Many modern works distinguish u from v but not i from j. In this article, both distinctions are shown as they are helpful when tracing the origin of English words. See also Latin spelling and pronunciation.

Nouns and adjectives[edit]

The citation form for nouns (the form normally shown in Latin dictionaries) is the Latin nominative singular, but that typically does not exhibit the root form from which English nouns are generally derived.

Latin nouns and adjectives
Citation formDeclining stemMeaningEnglish derivatives
accipiteraccipitr-hawkAccipiter, accipitrine
aceracer-mapleaceric
aceracr-sharpacrid, acrimonious, acrimony, acritude, acrity, eager
acerbusacerb-bitteracerbic, acerbity, exacerbate
acervusacerv-heapacerval, acervate, acervose, Acervulinacea, acervuline, acervulus, coacervate, coacervation
acētumacēt-vinegaracetabulum, acetate, acetic, acetone
acinusacin-berryacinaceous, acinarious, aciniform, acinose, acinous, acinus, interacinous
acusacu-needleacuity, aculeolate, aculeus, acumen, acuminate, acupuncture, acusector, acute, acutifoliate, acutilingual, peracute
aciculaacicul-
adepsadip-fatadipose
aedesaed-buildingaedicule, aedile, edification, edifice
aediculaaedicul-
aequusaequ-, -iqu-even, leveladequacy, adequate, equable, equal, equality, equanimity, equant, equation, equative, equator, equatorial, equitable, equity, equivalence, equivalent, inadequacy, inadequate, inequality, iniquity
aesaer-oreaeruginous, aerugite, aerugo, eruginous, estimate
aevumaev-age, eonage, coeval, eviternal, longevity, longevous, mediaeval, nonage, primaeval
ageragr-, -egr-fieldagrarian, agrestal, agriculture, peragration, peregrine, peregrinus, pilgrim, pilgrimage
agrellusagrell-
alaal-wingaileron, aisle, alar, alate, aliferous, aliform, aligerous
alaceralacr-quickalacrity, allegretto, allegro
albusalb-dull whitealb, albarium, albedo, albinism, albino, albite, album, albumen, albumin
aliusali-otheralias, alibi, alien, inalienable
alteralter-
alveusalve-alveolar, alveolus, interalveolar, postalveolar
alveolusalveol-
amplusampl-ampleamplification, amplitude
anguisangu-snakeAnguidae, anguiform, anguilliform, anguine, anguineous
angulusangul-cornerangular, angulose, quadrangle, triangle
animaanim-breath, soul, lifeanimal, animate, animation, animator, inanimate
animusanim-mind, anger, spiritanimosity, unanimous
annusann-, -enn-yearanniversary, annual, annuity, biannual, biennial, millennium, perennial
ānserānser-gooseanserine
aquaaqu-waterakvavit, aqua vitae, aquaculture, aquamarine, aquarelle, aquarium, Aquarius, aquatic, aquatile, aqueduct, aqueous, aquifer, aquiferous, aquiform
aquilaaquil-eagleAquila, aquiline
arborarbor-treearboreal, arboretum
argentumargent-silverargent, Argentina
armaarm-arms (weapons)armada, armament, armature, armistice, armor, armorial, armory, army, disarm, disarmament
arsart-
-ert-
art, skillartifact, artifice, artificial, artisan, inert, inertia, inertial
artusart-jointarticle, articular, articulate, articulation, articulator, articulatory, coarticulation
articulusarticul-
asinusasin-donkeyasinine, Asinus
asperasper-roughexasperate, exasperation
audāxaudāc-brave, boldaudacious, audacity
aurisaur-earaural, auricle, auricular, auriform, auscultation, biauricular, binaural
auriculaauricul-
aurumaur-goldaurate, aureate, aureole, auriferous
avisavi-birdaucupation, auspice, Aves, avian, aviary, aviation, aviator, aviatrix, avicide, Avicula, aviculture
aviculaavicul-
avunculusavuncul-uncle, mother's brotheravuncular, uncle
axisaxi-axleaxial, biaxial
bacabac-berrybaccate, bacciferous, bacciform, baccivorous
baculabacul-
baculumbacul-staffbacillary, bacilliform, bacillus, baculiform
bacillumbacill-
barbabarb-beard
barbulabarbul-
beatusbeat-blessedbeatification, Beatitudes
bellumbell-warantebellum, bellic, bellicose, bellicosity, belligerence, belligerent, debellatio, imbellic, rebel, rebellion, revel, revelment, revelry
bellusbell-prettyembellish, embellishment
beneben-goodbenediction, benedictional, benedictory, benefaction, benefactive, benefactor, benefactrix, benefic, benefice, beneficence, beneficent, benefit, benign, benignity
bestiabesti-animalbeast, bestial, bestiary
binibin-two eachbinary, binate, combination, combinatorial, combine, recombinant
bonus
melior
optimus
bon-
• melior-
• optim-
good
• better
• best
bonbon, bonify, bonitary, bonus, debonair
• ameliorate, amelioration, meliority
• optimal, optimate, optimum, suboptimal
bōsbov-cow, oxbovine, bovinic acid
botulusbotul-sausagebotulin, boudin
botellusbotell-
bracchiumbrac-arm, supportembrace, braces, bracelet
brevisbrev-brief, shortabbreviate, abbreviation, breve, brevet, breviary, brevity, brief, debrief
buccabucc-cheek, mouth, cavitybuccal, buccinator muscle, buckle, debouch, debuccalization
bucculabuccul-
bulbusbulb-bulbousbulb, bulbar, bulbose, bulbous, bulbule
bulbulusbulbul-
bullabull-bubble, flaskebullient, ebullism
bursaburs-pouch, pursebourse, bursa, bursar, bursary, disbursal, disburse, disbursement
butyrumbutyr-butterbutyric
caballuscaball-horsecaballero, cavalcade, cavalier, cavalry, chevalier, chivalry
calxcalc-
-culc-
heelinculcate
calxcalc-limestone, pebblecalciform, calcite, calcium, calculus, calculation
cameracamer-vaultbicameral, camera
campuscamp-fieldcamp, campaign, camping, campus, champion
candelacandel-candlecandela, candelabra, candelabrum, chandelier, chandler, chandlery
caniscan-dogcanary, canicule, canid, canine, Canis Major
capannacapann-cabana, cabin
capercapr-goatcapric, Capricorn, caprine
capilluscapill-haircapillaries, capilliform
capsacaps-box, casecapsicum, capsular, capsule, case, chassis, encapsulation, intracapsular
capsellacapsell-
capsulacapsul-
caputcapit-, -cipit-headcad, caddie, cadet, cape, capital, capitulate, capo, capodecina, caporegime, captain, cattle, caudillo, chapter, chaptrel, chattel, chef, chief, chieftain, decapitation, per capita, precipice, precipitation, precipitous, recapitulate, sous-chef, triceps, tricipital
capitellumcapitell-
capitulumcapitul-
carbocarbon-coalcarbon, Carboniferous
carcercarcer-jailincarceration
cardocardin-hingecardinal
carocarn-fleshcarnage, carnal, carnary, carnation, carneous, carnival, carnivore, carnose, carnosity, charcuterie, charnel, discarnate, incarnate, incarnation, reincarnate, reincarnation
casacas-housecasino
caseuscase-cheesecaseic, casein
castuscast-, -cest-purecaste, castigate, chaste, chasten, chastity, incest
catenacaten-chaincatenary, catenative, concatenation
caudacaud-, cod-tailcaudal, coda
cauliscaul-, col-stalk, stemcaulescent, caulicle, cauliflorous, cauliflory, cauliform, cauline
cauliculuscaulicul-
causacaus-, -cus-accusative, causality, causative
cavuscav-hollowcaval, cave, cavity, concave, excavation, excavator
celebercelebr-famouscelebration, celebrity
celerceler-quickaccelerant, acceleration, accelerator, celerity
centenicenten-hundred eachcentenary
centesimuscentesim-hundredthcentesimal, centesimation
centumcent-hundredcent, centennial, centurial, centurion, century
ceracer-waxceraceous, cereous, ceresin
certuscert-certaincertificate, certiorari, certitude, decertification
cervīxcervīc-neckcervical, cervix
cervuscerv-deercervid, Cervidae, cervine
ceterusceter-otheret cetera
ciliumcili-eyelashcilia, supercilious
cinisciner-ashescinereous, cinerin, incinerator
cippuscipp-cep
circuscirc-circlecircular, circus
cirruscirr-curl, tentaclecirrus
citer
• citerior
• citimus
citr-
• citerior-
• citim-
on this sideciterior
cīviscīv-citizencivil, civilian, civility
clarusclar-clearclarify, clarity, declaration, declarative, declaratory, declare
clavisclav-keyclaves, clavicle, clavier, enclave, exclave
clāviculaclāvicul-
clemensclement-mildclemency, clement, inclemency, inclement
codexcodic-code, codex, codical, codicil
codicilluscodicill-
colliscoll-hillcolliculus
collumcoll-neckcollar
colorcolor-colorbicolor, Colorado, coloration, coloratura, concolorous, decolor, discolor, discoloration, multicolor, tricolor, unicolor, versicolor
columcol-strainercolander, percolate
corcord-heartaccord, concordance, concordat, cordate, cordial, cordiform, core, courage, discord, discordant, obcordate, record
corbiscorb-basketcorb, corf
coriumcori-coriaceous, excoriate
cornūcorn-hornbicorn, Capricorn, cornea, corniform, cornucopia, unicorn
coronacoron-crowncorona, coronation, coroniform
corpuscorpor-bodycorporal, corporation, corporeal, corps, corpse, corpulent, corpuscle, corpuscular, incorporation, incorporeal
corpusculumcorpuscul-
cortexcortic-bark, rindcorticosteroid
coruscuscorusc-coruscant, coruscate, coruscation
corvuscorv-ravencorbel, corvine
costacost-ribaccost, coast, coastal, costal
coxacox-hipcoxal
crapulacrapul-crapulence, crapulent
crascras-tomorrowprocrastinate, procrastination, procrastinator
crassuscrass-thickcrass, crassitude
cratiscrat-crate, grate, graticulation, graticule, grill, grillade, grillage, grille
craticulacraticul-
cretacret-chalkcretaceous
cribrumcribr-sievecribble, cribellum, cribrate, cribriform
crimencrimin-criminal, criminality, recrimination
crispuscrisp-curledcrispate
cristacrist-crestcristate
cruscrur-leg, shankcrural
crustacrust-crouton, crust, crustacean
cruxcruc-crosscrucial, cruciate, crucifer, cruciferous, crucifix, crucifixion, cruciform, crucify, crusade, excruciating
culexculic-gnatCulex, culiciform, culicifuge, culicine, Culicivora
culinaculin-kitchenculinarian, culinary
culpaculp-blame, faultculpable, culprit, exculpate, exculpatory
cuneuscune-wedgecuneate, cuneiform, cuneus, precuneus
curacur-careaccuracy, accurate, assecure, assurance, assure, curable, curate, curative, curator, cure, curettage, curette, curious, ensure, inaccurate, incurable, insecure, insecurity, procurator, reassurance, reassure, secure, security, sinecural, sinecure, sure, surety
curtuscurt-shortenedcurt, curtail, decurt
curvuscurv-bentcurvature, curviform
cuspiscuspid-tipbicuspid
cutiscut-hide, skincutaneous, cuticle, cuticolor, cuticular, subcutaneous
cuticulacuticul-
damnumdamn-
-demn-
harmcondemn, condemnation, damage, damnation, indemnification, indemnity
decemdecem-tenDecember, decemfid, decempedal, decemvirate, decemviri, decennial, decennium, decurion, decurionate, decury
decimusdecim-tenthdecimal, decimate, decimation, dime
decusdecor-decor, decorament, decorate, decoration, decorative, decorator, decorous, decorum, redecorate
deniden-ten eachdenarius, denary, dinero
densdent-toothbident, bidental, dental, dentate, denticity, denticle, denticulate, dentiferous, dentiform, dentifrice, dentil, dentition, denture, indent, indentation, indenture, interdental, multidentate, trident
denticulusdenticul-
densusdens-thickcondensable, condensate, condensation, condense, density, nondense
deter
dēterior
dēterrimus
deter-
• deterior-
• deterrim-

• worse
• worst

• deterior, deteriorate, deterioration
deusde-goddeicidal, deicide, deific, deification, deiform, deity
dexter
• dexterior
• dextimus
dextr-
• dexterior-
• dextim-
rightambidextrous, dexterity, dexterous, dextral, dextrality, dextrin, dextrorse, dextrose

diēsdiē-dayadjourn, adjournment, aggiornamento, circadian, dial, diary, diurnal, diurnality, infradian, journal, journey, meridian, meridional, per diem, quotidian, sojourn, ultradian
digitusdigit-finger, toebidigitate, digit, digital, digitate, digitiform, digitigrade, multidigitate
dignusdign-worthycondign, deign, dignify, dignitary, dignity, disdain, indignant, indignation, indignity
discipulusdiscipul-studentdisciple, disciplinarian, disciplinary, discipline, interdisciplinarity, interdisciplinary, multidisciplinary, transdisciplinarity
dominusdomin-lordcondominium, dame, damsel, demesne, domain, dominance, dominant, dominate, domination, dominative, dominator, dominatrix, domine, domineer, dominion, dominium, madam, madame, mademoiselle, predominant, predominate, subdominant
domusdom-housedomal, dome, domestic, domesticate, domicile, domiciliary
dorsumdors-backdorsal, endorse, endorsement, indorse
dosdot-dowrydotal, dotation
dulcisdulc-sweetdolce, douce, doux, dulcet, dulcian, dulcimer
duodu-twodoubt, dual, duality, dubious, duet, duo, duplex, duumvirate, duumviri, nonduality
duodeniduoden-twelve eachduodenal, duodenary, duodenum
durusdur-harddour, durability, durable, duration, durative, duress, endurable, endurance, endurant, endure, obdurate, perdurable, perdurance, perdure
ebriusebri-inebriant, inebriate, inebriation, inebriety, sober, sobriety
ensisens-swordensiferous, ensiform
equusequ-horseequestrian, equine
erucaeruc-caterpillareruciform
exterus
exterior
extremus
exter-
• exterior-
• extrem-

• outer
• outmost
extern, external, externality
exterior
• extreme, extremity, extremum
fabafab-beanfaba bean, fabaceous
faberfabr-fabric, fabrication, fabricator
faenumfaen-hayfennel, sainfoin
falxfalc-sickledefalcation, falcate, falciform
famesfam-hungerfamine, famish
fanumfan-templeprofane, profanity
fascisfasc-bundlefasces, fascicle, fascicular, fasciculation, fascine
fasciculusfascicul-
fatuusfatu-foolish, uselessfatuous, infatuation
faucesfauc-, -foc-throatfaucal, suffocate, suffocation
febrisfebr-feverantefebrile, febrifacient, febriferous, febrifuge, febrile
fēlēsfēl-catfelid, Felinae, feline
fēlixfēlic-happyfelicitations, felicitous, felicity
fēminafēmin-womaneffeminacy, effeminate, feminine, femininity
femurfemor-thighfemoral, femur
fenestrafenestr-windowdefenestration
feroxferoc-fierceferocious, ferocity
ferrumferr-ironferrate, ferrite, ferreous, ferrous, ferruginous, ferrugo
ferusfer-wildferal, ferine, ferocious, ferocity, fierce
feudumfeud-feefeudal
fibrafibr-defibrillate, defibrillator, fiber, fibre, fibriform, fibril, fibrillar, fibrillate, fibrin, fibrous
fibrillafibrill-
ficusfic-figFicus
fidesfid-faith, trustaffiance, affiant, affidavit, confide, confidence, confident, confidential, confidentiality, defiance, defiant, defy, diffide, diffidence, diffident, feal, fealty, fiancé, fiancée, fidelity, fiducial, fiduciary, infidel, infidelity, perfidy, prefident
fīlia
fīlius
fīli-
fīli-
daughter
son
affiliate, affiliation, affiliative, disaffiliate, filial
filumfil-threadbifilar, defilade, defile, enfilade, filament, filiferous, filiform, profile
fīnisfīn-end, limitaffinal, affine, affinity, confine, confinement, confines, confinity, define, definiendum, definiens, definite, definition, definitive, equifinality, final, finality, finance, fine, finesse, finis, finish, finite, finito, finitude, indefinite, infinite, infinitesimal, infinitive, infinitude, infinity, prefinite, redefine, redefinition, refine, refinement, refinery, superfine, transfinite
firmusfirm-firmaffirm, affirmation, affirmative, confirm, confirmation, disaffirm, farm, fermata, firmament, infirm, infirmary, infirmity, obfirm, reaffirm, reaffirmation
fiscusfisc-basketconfiscate, confiscation, confiscatory, fiscal
fistulafistul-pipe, tubefistula, fistulate
flaccusflacc-flabbyflaccid, flaccidity
flammaflamm-flameflamage, flambé, flambeau, flamboyant, inflame, inflammable, inflammation, inflammatory, oriflamme
flavusflav-yellowflavin, flavivirus, flavonoid
floccusflocc-tuftdeflocculant, deflocculation, floc, floccose, flocculant, floccular, flocculation, floccule, flocculent, flock
flocculusfloccul-
flōsflōr-flowerdeflorate, flora, floral, floret, floriculture, florid, floriferous, floriform, florist, floruit, flourish, inflorescence
focusfoc-hearthbifocal, focal, focus, fusillade, trifocal
foedusfoeder-confederation, federal
foliumfoli-leafbifoliate, defoliant, foil, folate, foliage, foliation, foliature, folic, foliferous, folio, foliolate, foliole, foliose, foliosity, folivore, multifoliate, portfolio, quatrefoil, trefoil, trifoliate, unifoliate
foliolumfoliol-
follisfoll-bellowsfollicle, follicular
fonsfont-fountain, springfont, fontal, fontanelle
forisfor-outdoorsforeclose, foreign, forest, forum
fōrmafōrm-form, shapebiform, biformity, conform, conformable, conformance, conformant, conformity, counterreformation, deform, deformable, deformation, deformity, disinformation, formable, formal, formality, formant, format, formation, formative, formula, formulary, formulation, inform, informal, informality, informant, information, informative, irreformable, malformation, nonconformance, perform, performance, preform, preformat, reform, reformable, reformat, reformation, reformatory, transform, transformable, transformation, transformational, transformative, triform, triformity, uniform, uniformity
formellaformell-
formulaformul-
formicaformic-antformic
formusform-warm
fornixfornic-vaultfornication, forniciform
forsfort-luckfortuitous, fortuity, fortunate, fortune
fortisfort-strongcomfort, effort, force, forcible, forte, fortification, fortify, fortis, fortissimo, fortitude
foveafove-shallow round depressionfovea, foveal, foveole
frāterfrātr-brotherfraternal, fraternity, fratricide, friar, friary
frausfraud-frauddefraud, fraudulent
frequensfrequent-oftenfrequency, frequentative
frōnsfront-foreheadaffront, confront, confrontation, confrontational, front, frontage, frontal, frontier, frontispiece, quadrifrons
frustumfrust-piecefrustule, frustulent, frustum
frūxfrūg-fruitfrugal, frugality
fulvusfulv-fulvic acid, fulvid, fulvous
fūmusfūm-smokefumacious, fumade, fumage, fumarine, fumarole, fumatorium, fume, fumigation, perfume
fundusfund-bottomfound, foundation, fund, fundament, fundamental, profound, profundity
fungusfung-mushroomfungal, fungicide, fungiform
funisfun-ropefunicular
furfur-thieffuruncle
furcafurc-forkbifurcation, furcate, furcula
furtumfurt-theftfurtive
fuscusfusc-darkfuscation, fuscine, fuscous, obfuscation
fūsusfus-spindlefusee, fuselage, fusilli, fuze
gelugel-congeal, congelation, gel, gelati, gelatin, gelatinous, gelation, gelée, gelid, gelignite, jelly
gensgent-gens, gentile, gentility, gentle
genugenu-kneegeniculate, geniculation, geniculum, genuflection
geniculumgenicul-
genusgener-birth, offspring, creationcongener, congeneric, degenerate, degenerative, engender, gender, general, generality, generate, generation, generational, generative, generator, generatrix, generic, generosity, generous, genre, genuine, genus, intergenerational, intergeneric, regenerate, regenerative, subgenre, subgenus, transgender
germengermin-germ, germinal, germinate, germination, regerminate
glaciesglaci-iceglacial, glaciation, glacier, glacious, glacis
gladiusgladi-swordgladiator, gladiolus
glutenglutin-glueagglutination, glutelin, gluten, glutinosity, glutinous
gracilisgracil-gracile, gracility
gradusgrad-stepaggradation, aggrade, antegrade, degradable, degradation, degrade, degree, gradation, grade, gradient, gradine, gradual, graduality, graduand, graduate, graduation, progradation, prograde, retrogradation, retrograde
grandisgrand-aggrandisement, grandee, grandeur, grandiloquent, grandiose, grandiosity
granumgran-graindegranulation, granary, granite, granular, granularity, granule
granulumgranul-
gratusgrat-congratulations, congratulatory, disgrace, grace, graciosity, gracious, gratify, gratification, gratis, gratitude, gratuitous, gratuity, gratulant, gratulate, gratulation, gratulatory
gravisgrav-heavyaggravate, aggravation, degravation, gravamen, grave, gravid, gravida, gravidity, gravitas, gravitate, gravitation, gravitational, gravity, grief, grieve, grievance, grievant, grievous
grexgreg-flock, herdaggregate, aggregation, aggregator, congregate, congregation, congregational, desegregate, desegregation, disaggregate, egregious, gregarious, intercongregational, segregate, segregation
grossusgross-thickengross, engrossment, gross
gulagul-gullet, gully
gurgesgurgit-demigorge, disgorge, disgorgement, engorge, engorgement, gorge, gorget, regurgitate, regurgitation
gustusgust-tastedisgust, gustatory, gusto
guttagutt-dropgout, guttifer, guttiform
gutturguttur-throatguttural
hamusham-hookhamate, hamiform
harenaharen-sandarena, arenaceous, arenite, arenose
hastahast-spearhasta, hastate, hastile
herbaherb-grassherbaceous, herbal, herbarium, herbicide, herbivore, herbivorous
hereshered-heredity, inherit, inheritance
hibernushibern-hibernacle, hibernal
hiemshiem-winterhiemal
hircushirc-goathircine
homōhomin-man (human being)homage, hombre, homicide, hominid, homuncular, homunculus, human, humane, humanity, inhuman, inhumane, inhumanity
homunculushomuncul-
honorhonor-honorhonorable, honorarium, honorary, honorific
hortushort-gardencohort, court, courteous, courtesan, courtesy, courtier, curtain, horticulture
hostishost-enemyhostile, hostility
humushum-groundexhumation, exhume, humate, humation, humic, humiliate, humility, inhumation, inhume
ignisign-fireigneous, ignite, ignition
imbecillusimbecill-weakimbecile, imbecility
inanisinan-inane, inanity
inferus
inferior
infimus
infer-
• inferior-
• infim-

• lower
• lowest

• inferior, inferiority
ingueninguin-groininguinal
īnsulaīnsul-islandinsular, insulate, insulation, peninsula, peninsular
interus
interior
intimus
inter-
• interior-
• intim-


entrail, intern, internal, internality
interior
intima, intimacy, intimate, intimation
iocus
jocus
joc-jestjocular, jocularity, joke
joculusjocul-
iūdex
judex
iūdic-judgeadjudicate, judge, judicial, judiciary
iugum
jugum
iug-yokeconjugacy, conjugal, conjugate, conjugation, jugal, jugate, jugular
iūsiūr-law, rightabjuration, abjure, conjure, de jure, jurat, juration, juratory, jurisdiction, jury, justice
iuvenis
juvenis
juven-youngjunior, juniorate, juniority, juvenile, juvenilia, juvenility
jejunusjejun-jejunal, jejune, jejunity, jejunum
labialabi-liplabial, labium
laborlabor-toilcollaboration, collaborative, collaborator, elaboration, laboratory, laborious
labrumlabr-liplabrose, labrum
laclact-milklactate, lactic, lactose
lacrimalacrim-tearlachrymose
lacuslac-lacuna, lacustrine, lagoon, lake
lapislapid-stonedilapidate, lapidary
lassuslass-lassitude
latexlatic-liquidlaticifer
latuslat-broad, widelatifoliate, latitude
latuslater-sidecollateral, lateral
lauslaud-praiselaud, laudable, Lauds
laxuslax-looselaxity, relax
lenisleni-gentleleniency, lenient, leniment, lenis, lenition, lenitive, lenitude, lenity
lenslent-lentillens, lenticel, lenticular, lentiform
lentuslent-lentic, relent
leoleon-lionleonine
lepuslepor-hareleporid, leporine
levislev-light (weight)levity, relieve
lēxlēg-lawalleged, extralegal, illegal, legal, legality, legislation, legislator, privilege
liberliber-freeilliberal, illiberality, liberal, liberality, liberate, liberation, liberator
liberlibr-booklibrarian, library, libretto
libralibr-balance, scalesdeliberate, deliberation, deliberative, equilibrium, libration
lignumlign-woodligneous, ligniform, lignin, lignite, lignose
limbuslimb-edgelimbate, limbic, limbo
limeslimit-delimit, limes, limit, limitation
linealine-linealign, collinear, collineation, linea, lineage, linear, linearity, multicollinearity
lingualingu-tonguebilingual, lingua franca, linguiform, linguistics, multilingual
liralir-furrowdelirium
litteralitter-letteralliteration, alliterative, biliteral, illiteracy, illiterate, literacy, literal, literary, literate, literature, obliterate, obliteration, transliteracy, transliteration, triliteral
locusloc-placeaccouchement, couch, dislocation, local, locality, locate, location, locative, translocate, translocation
loculuslocul-
longuslong-longelongate, longitude, oblong, prolong
lucrumlucr-lucrative, lucre
lumenlumin-lightillumination, luminary, luminescence, luminous
lūnalūn-Mooncislunar, lunar, lunate, lunatic, lunation, luniform, superlunary, translunar
lupuslup-wolflupine
lutumlut-mudlutaceous, lutite
luxluc-lightLucifer, luciferous, lucifugal, translucency, translucent
luxuslux-luxuriant, luxurious, luxury
maculamacul-spotimmaculate, macula, macular, maculate, maculation, maculature, macule, maculose
magistermagistr-mastermagisterial, magistrate
magnus
• māior
• maximus
magn-
• māior-
• maxim-
big, great
• greater
• greatest
magnate, magnitude
• majority, supermajority
• maxim, maximum
malleusmalle-hammermalleability, malleable, mallet
malus
• peior
pessimus
mal-
• peior-
• pessim-
bad
• worse
• worst
dismal, malady, malevolence, malice, malignancy, malignant
• impair, impairment, pejoration, pejorative
pessimal
manusmanu-handmainour, maintain, manacle, manage, mandamus, mandate, maneuver, manicure, manifest, maniform, maniple, manipulation, manual, manufacture, manumit, manuscript
maniculamanicul-
maremar-seamarinade, marinate, marine, mariner, maritime, submarine, ultramarine
Marsmarti-Marsmartial, Martian
mātermātr-motherimmaterial, material, materiality, maternal, maternity, matricide, matriculant, matriculate, matrilocal, matrimonial, matrimony, matrix, matron, matter
maturusmatur-ripeimmature, immaturity, maturant, maturate, maturation, mature, maturescent, maturity, premature
mediusmedi-middleantemeridian, dimidiate, dimidiation, immediacy, immediate, intermediary, intermediate, intermedio, intermezzo, mean, media, medial, median, mediant, mediation, mediator, mediatrix, mediety, medieval, mediocre, mediocrity, medium, meridian, mezzanine, postmeridian
melmell-honeymellifluent
memormemor-mindfulcommemorate, commemoration, commemorative, immemorial, memoir, memorabilia, memorability, memorable, memorandum, memorial, memory, remember, remembrance, rememorate
mendamend-blemishemend, emendation
mendicusmendic-mendicant, mendicate, mendication, mendicity
mensment-mindcomment, commentary, dementia, mental, mentality
merusmer-puremere
mētamet-goalmete
milesmilit-soldiermilitant, military, militate, militia
millemill-thousandmile, mileage, millennial, millennium, millipede, multimillion
mirusmir-admirable, admire, admiration, miracle, miraculous, mirative, mirativity
miraculummiracul-
misermiser-commiserate, commiseration, miser, miserable, misery
modusmod-accommodate, accommodation, bimodal, commode, commodity, demodulation, immodest, intermodal, modal, modality, mode, modern, modernity, modest, modesty, modicum, modification, modify, modular, modularity, modulate, modulation, modulator, module, modulo, modulus, multimodal, postmodern, postmodernity, ultramodern
modulusmodul-
molesmol-massbimolecular, demolition, mole, molecule
mollismoll-softemollient, mollient, mollify, mollitude, mollusc, molluscicide, molluscivore, mollusk
monsmont-mountaincismontane, dismount, montage, montane, monticello, monticule, montiform, montigenous, mount, piedmont, submontane, surmount, tramontane, transmontane, ultramontanism
monticellusmonticell-
monticulusmonticul-
moramor-delaydemur, demure, demurrage, demurral, moratorium
morbusmorb-sicknessmorbid, morbidity
morsmort-deathimmortal, immortality, mortal, mortality, mortician, rigor mortis
mortuusmort-deadmortgage, mortuary, morgue, postmortem
mosmor-customimmoral, immorality, moral, morality, mores
mucusmuci-mucic, muciferous, muciform, mucilage, mucivore
muliermuli-womanmuliebrity, mulierose
multus
plus
plurimus
mult-
plur-
• plurim-
many
• more
• most
multiplicity, multitude
• plurality, pluriform
mulusmul-mulemular
mundusmund-worldextramundane, mondial, mondo, mundane, mundanity
murusmur-wallantemural, intramural, murage, mural
musmur-mousemurine, muscular, muscularity, musculature
musculusmuscul-
muscamusc-flyMusca, muscarine, Muscidae, musciform, mosquito
muscusmusc-moss
nasusnas-noseintranasal, nasal, nasality
navisnav-shipantenave, naval, nave, navy
nervusnerv-nerval, nervate, nerve, nervose, nervosity, trinervate
neuterneutr-neitherneutral, neutrality, nonneutrality
nīdusnid-nestniche, nidicolous, nidification, nidifugous, nidulant, nidulate
nidulusnidul-
nigernigr-blackdenigrate, denigration, nigrescence, nigrine, nigritude
nihilnihil-nothingannihilate, annihilation, annihilator, nihilism, nil
nodusnod-knotdenouement, nodal, node, nodose, nodosity, nodular, nodule, nodulose
nodulusnodul-
nomennomin-namebinomen, binominal, denomination, denominational, denominative, denominator, ignominious, ignominy, interdenominational, multidenominational, multinominal, nominal, nomination, nominative, nominator, nondenominational, noun, postnominal, praenomen, prenominal, pronominal, pronoun, trinomen, trinominal
nonageninonagen-ninety eachnonagenarian, nonagenary
nonagesimusnonagesim-ninetiethnonagesimal
nōnusnon-ninthnonary, None, noon
normanorm-carpenter's squareabnormal, abnormality, denormal, enormity, enormous, nonnormative, norm, normal, normality, normative, subnormal
novemnovem-nineNovember, novennial
novemdecimnovemdec-nineteennovemdecillion
noveninoven-nine eachNovena, novenary
novusnov-newinnovation, innovative, novel, novella, novelty, novice, novitiate, supernova
novellusnovell-
noxnoct-nightequinox, nocturnal, nocturnality, trinoctial
nūbēsnub-cloudnuance
nudusnud-nakeddenudation, denude, nude, nudity
numerusnumer-numberdenumerable, enumerate, enumeration, enumerative, enumerator, equinumerant, equinumerous, innumerable, innumeracy, innumerate, numerable, numeracy, numeral, numerary, numerate, numeration, numerative, numerator, numerical, numerous
nuxnuc-nutextranuclear, intranuclear, nucifer, nuciferine, nuciferous, nuciform, Nucifraga, nucivorous, nuclear, nucleus, nucleolar, nucleolus
nuculanucul-
octāvusoctav-eighthoctaval, octave, octavo
octōoct-eightoctal, octangular, octavalent, octennial, octuple, octuplet, octuplicate
octogenioctogen-eighty eachoctogenarian, octogenary
octōniocton-eight eachoctonary, octonion
oculusocul-eyebinocular, inoculation, intraocular, monocle, ocular
omenomin-abominable, abomination, omen, ominous
omnisomn-allomniform, omnipotence, omnipresence, omniscience, omnivore
onusoner-burden, loadexonerate, onerous, onus
opacusopac-shadyopacity, opaque
opsop-copious, opulent
opusoper-workchef-d'oeuvre, cooperate, cooperation, cooperative, hors d'oeuvre, inoperable, interoperable, inure, inurement, manoeuvre, oeuvre, opera, operable, operand, operant, operate, operation, operational, operative, operator, operose, operosity, opus, opuscule, postoperative, preoperative
opusculumopuscul-
orbisorb-ringorb, orbicle, orbicular, orbiculate, orbit, orbital, suborbital
orbiculusorbicul-
ordoordin-ordercoordinal, coordinate, coordination, disorder, extraordinary, inordinate, inordination, insubordinate, insubordination, ordain, order, ordinal, ordinance, ordinary, ordinate, ordination, ordinative, ordnance, ornery, preordain, preorder, preordination, quasiorder, reordination, suborder, subordinate, subordination, superorder, superordinate, superordination
osor-mouthadorable, adoral, adoration, adore, adosculation, exorable, inexorable, inosculate, inosculation, intraoral, oral, oration, orator, oratorio, oratory, orifice, oscitate, oscitation, osculant, oscular, oscularity, osculate, osculation, osculator, osculatory, osculatrix, oscule, osculum
osculumoscul-
ososs-boneexossation, ossiferous, ossification, ossifrage, ossify, ossuary
otiumoti-leisurenegotiate, negotiation, otiose
ovisov-sheepovile, ovine
ovumov-eggoval, ovarian, ovary, oviduct, oviform, oviposition, ovipositor, ovular, ovulation, ovulatory, ovule, ovum
ovulumovul-
paguspag-pagan, paisano, peasant, peasantry
palapal-spadepalette
palatumpalat-roof of the mouthpalatable, palatal, palate
pāluspal-stakeimpale, impalement, pale, palisade, pole
păluspalūd-marshpaludose
palusterpalustr-palustral, palustrine
panispan-breadaccompaniment, accompany, appanage, companion, company, impanate
pannuspann-impanel, pane, panel
panuspan-panicle
paniculapanicul-
papaverpapaver-poppypapaveraceous, papaverine
papiliopapilion-butterflypavilion
parpar-equalcomparative, comparator, disparage, disparity, impar, imparity, nonpareil, pair, par, parile, parity, peer, peerage, subpar
pariespariet-wallbiparietal, parietal
parspart-
-pert-
pieceapart, apartment, bipartient, bipartisan, bipartite, bipartition, champerty, compart, compartition, compartment, compartmental, coparcenary, counterpart, counterparty, depart, department, departmental, departure, dispart, ex parte, impart, impartial, multipartite, nonpartisan, parcel, partial, partiality, participate, participle, particle, particular, particularity, particulate, partisan, partita, partite, partition, partitive, party, passel, portion, proportion, proportional, proportionality, repartee, repartition, superparticular, tripartient, tripartite
particellaparticell-
particulaparticul-
parvus
minor
minimus
parv-
• min-
• minim-
small
• less
• least
parvifoliate, parvity, parvovirus
• administer, maladminister, minister, minority, minus, minuscule
• minimal
passerpasser-sparrowpasserine
passuspass-compass, encompass, pace, passage, passant, passement, passementerie, passenger
paterpatr-fatherJupiter, paternal, paternity, patrician, patrilineal, patrilocal, patrilocality, patrimonial, patrimony, patron, patronage, perpetrate, repatriation
paucuspauc-fewpaucal, pauciloquent, paucity, poco
pauperpauper-impoverish, impoverishment, pauperage, poor, poverty
pausapaus-
pos-
compose, composure, counterpose, counterproposal, imposable, impose, interposal, interpose, opposable, opposal, oppose, posada, pose, poseur, poseuse, proposal, propose, purpose, reposal, repose, repurpose, supposal, suppose, transposable, transposal, transpose
pavopavon-peacockpavone, pavonine
paxpac-peaceappease, appeasement, copayment, pacific, pacify, pay, payment, repay, repayment
pectuspector-chestpectoral
pecupecu-impecunious, peculiar, pecuniary
pennapenn-featherpen, pennage, pennate, penniform, pennigerous, pennon
percaperc-perchPerca, Percidae, perciform, percoid, Percoidea
personaperson-personimpersonate, impersonation, impersonator, person, personable, personage, personal, personality, personification, subpersonality, transpersonal
pēsped-footbiped, bipedal, expedient, expedite, expedition, impeach, impeachment, impediment, inexpedient, oppidum, pawn, pedal, pedestal, pedestrian, pedicel, pedicle, pedicure, pediform, pedigerous, pedigree, peon, peonage, piedfort, piedmont, pioneer, quadruped, quadrupedal, tripedal
pediculuspedicul-
pestispest-pestpesticide, pestiferous, pestilence
pilapil-ballpellet, pelota, peloton, pill
pilulapilul-
pileuspile-capPilea, pileate, pileum, pileus
piluspil-hairdepilation, depilatory, epilation, piliferous, piliform, pilose, pilosity
pinnapinn-featherpanache, pinnacle, pinnal, pinnate, pinniform, pinniped
pinnaculumpinnacul-
pinuspin-pine, pineal
piruspir-pearpiriform
piscispisc-fishpisces, pisciform, piscine, piscivore
piuspi-dutifulpiety, pious, pittance, pity
pixpic-Picea, picene, piceous, pitch
plancaplanc-plankplanch
plantaplant-soleimplant, implantable, implantation, plant, plantar, plantation, plantigrade, supplant, supplantation, transplant, transplantation
planusplan-flatapplanate, applanation, complanar, complanate, coplanar, coplanarity, esplanade, explain, explanation, explanatory, piano, pianoforte, plain, plaintext, planar, planary, planate, planation, plane
plateaplate-placedisplace, displacement, emplacement, piazza, placement, plaza, replace, replacement, transplace
plebspleb-common peopleplebian, plebiscite, plebs
plenusplen-fullplenary, plenipotent, plenipotentiary, plenish, plenishment, plenitude, plenitudinous, plenum
plumaplum-featherplumage, plume, plumose, plumosity
plumbumplumb-leadplumb, plumbaginous, plumbago, plumbeous
pluviapluvi-raincompluvium, impluvium, plover, pluvial, pluviosity
poculumpocul-cuppoculent, poculiform
pollenpollin-pollen, pollination, polliniferous
pollexpollic-thumbpollex, pollical, pollicate, prepollex
pondusponder-weightponderosa, ponderous, pound, preponderance, preponderate
ponspont-bridgepons, pontage, pontic, pontile, pontine, pontonier, pontoon, punt
porca, porcusporc-pigporcine, porcupine, pork
portaport-gateanteporch, anteport, anteportico, porch, portal, portcullis, portico, portière
portulaportul-
portusport-importune, importunity, opportune, opportunity, port
posterus
posterior
postremus
poster-
• posterior-
• postrem-


posterity
a posteriori, posterior, posteriority
postremogeniture
potispot-compossible, idempotence, idempotent, impossible, impotence, impotency, impotent, nilpotence, nilpotent, posse, possible, potence, potency, potent, potentate, potential, potentiality, puissance, puissant, subpotency, superpotency, superpotential, unipotent
prandiumprandi-lunchprandial, preprandial
pravusprav-crookeddepravity
pretiumpreti-priceappreciate, appreciation, depreciation, precious
prexprec-prayerpreces
prior
prīmus
prior-
• prīm-
former
• first
a priori, prior, priority, priory, subprior
prima facie, primacy, primal, primary, primate, prime, primer, primine, primitive, primogeniture, primordial, primrose, Primula, subprimal, subprime
privuspriv-ownprivacy, private, privy
probrumprobr-opprobrium
probusprob-approbation, approval, approve, improbability, improbable, probability, probable, proband, probate, probation, probationary, probative, probity, reprobate, reproval
prope
propior
proximus
prop-
• propior-
• proxim-
near, nigh
• nearer
• nearest
propinquity, propitiation, propitiatory, propitious
• approach, rapprochement, reproach
proximal, proximate, proximity
propriuspropri-properappropriate, appropriation, impropriety, inappropriate, propriety
prunusprun-plumprune
publicuspublic-public, publican, publication, publicity
pulcherpulchr-beautifulpulchritude
pulluspull-pullet, pullorum
pulmopulmon-lungpulmonary
pulvinuspulvin-cushion, pillowpulvilli, pulvinar, pulvinated, pulvinus
pulvispulver-dust, powderpulverize, pulverulence, pulverulent
pumexpumic-pumice stonepumicate, pumice, pumiceous, pumiciform, pumicite
pupapup-dollpupae, pupal, puparium, pupation, pupil
puruspur-puredepurate, depuration, impure, impurity, pure, purification, purity
puspur-puspurulence, purulent
quadrageniquadragen-forty eachquadragenarian, quadragenary
quadragesimusquadragesim-fortiethquadragesimal
quadriniquadrin-four eachquadrin
quadrumquadr-squarebiquadratic, conquadrate, quadrate, quadratic, quadrature, quadrille, quarry, squadron, square
quartusquart-fourthinquartation, interquartile, quadroon, quart, quartal, quartan, quartary, quarter, quartet, quartic, quartile, quartine, quarto
quaterniquatern-four eachbiquaternion, quaternary, quaternate, quaternion, quaternity
quattuorquadr-fourquadrangle, quadrennial, quadriceps, quadrifarious, quadrifid, quadrifolium, quadrifrons, quadrilateral, quadrilingual, quadriliteral, quadrillion, quadrinational, quadrinodal, quadrinomial, quadrinominal, quadripara, quadrireme, quadrisection, quadrivalent, quadrivium, quadruped, quadruple, quadruplet, quadruplex, quadruplicate, quatrain, quatrefoil
quiesquiet-restacquiesce, acquiescence, acquiescent, inquietude, quiescence, quiescent, quiet, quietude
quindecimquindecim-fifteenquindecimal, quindecimvir, quinzaine, quinze
quiniquin-five eachbiquinary, quinarius, quinary, quinate
quintusquint-fifthbiquintile, quint, quintal, quintan, quintessence, quintic, quintile, quintipara
radiusradi-ray, spokecircumradius, irradiate, radial, radian, radiance, radiant, radiation, radiator, radio
radixradic-rooteradicate, radical, radicand, radicant, radicate, radicel, radicle, radicular, radicule, radiculose, radish
radicularadicul-
ramusram-branchramate, ramification, ramiform, ramose, ramosity
remusrem-oarbireme, quadrireme, quinquereme, remiform, trireme
rēnren-kidneyadrenal, renal, reniform
resre-thingirrealis, real, reality, surreal
reteret-netreticle, reticular, reticulate, reticulation, reticule, retiform, retina
reticulumreticul-
rēxrēg-kinginterregnum, regal, regalia, regality, regency, regent, regious, reguline, reign, royal, viceroy
regulusregul-
riparip-bankriparian
ritusrit-riteritual
rivusriv-brookderivation, derivative, derive, rival, rivality, rivalry, rivose, rivulet
rosaros-roserosaceous, rosary, rosulate
rosularosul-
rostrumrostr-beak, prowrostral, rostrate, rostriform, rostrum
rostrulumrostrul-
rotarot-wheelcircumrotation, contrarotation, rondeau, rondel, rondo, rotary, rotation, rotational, rotelle, rotifer, Rotifera, rotiferous, rotiform, rotula, rotund, rotunda, rotundifolious, rotundity, roulette, round, roundel, rowel
rotellarotell-
rotularotul-
ruberrubr-rederubescent, rubric
rūdisrūd-rudeerudite, erudition, rudiment, rudimentary
rugarug-wrinklecorrugate, corrugation, erugate, rugose
rumenrumin-rumen, rumenic acid, ruminal, ruminant, ruminate, rumination, ruminator
rūsrūr-countryside, farmrural, rustic
sacersacr-sacredsacrifice, sacrificial, sacristy
saepessaep-hedgeseptum
saetasaet-bristleseta, setaceous, setal, setaria, setiferous, setiform, setigerous, setireme, setose
salsal-saltsalami, salary, salinity, salsa, sauce, sausage
sanguissanguin-bloodconsanguineous, sanguinaceous, sanguinary, sanguine
sanussan-soundinsane, insanity, sanatorium, sane, sanity
saxumsax-rocksaxatile, saxicavous, saxicoline, saxifrage, saxifragous
semensemin-seeddisseminate, insemination, semen, seminal, seminar, seminary
semissemi-halfsemiannual, semicolon, semiconductor, semiconscious, seminatural
senexsen-old mansenate, senator, senile, senility, senior, seniority
senisen-six eachsenary
septemsept-sevenseptangular, septemvir, septennial, septilateral, septinsular, septireme, septivalent
septenisepten-seven eachseptenary
septimusseptim-seventhseptimal, septime
sexsex-sixsexangular, sexavalent, sexennial, sexireme, sexradiate, sextain
sexagenisexagen-sixty eachsexagenarian, sexagenary
sexagesimussexagesim-sixtiethsexagesimal
sextussext-sixthbissextile, sestet, sestina, Sext, sextan, sextans, sextant, sextary, sextic, sextile
sibilussibil-hisssilibance, sibilant, sibilation
siccussicc-drydesiccant, desiccation, siccation, siccative, siccific
sidussider-constellationconsider, considerable, considerate, consideration, desiderate, desideration, desiderative, desideratum, desideria, desire, inconsiderable, inconsiderate, sidereal
signumsign-mark, signassign, assignation, assignment, consign, consignment, design, designation, ensign, insignia, insignificance, insignificant, reassign, reassignment, resign, resignation, sign, signal, signatory, signature, significance, significant, signum
silvasilv-forestsilvan, silviculture
similissimil-likeassimilate, assimilation, similar, similarity, simile, similitude, verisimilitude
sincerussincer-insincere, insincerity, sincere, sincerity
singulussingul-one eachsingle, singularity, singulation, singulative
sinistersinistr-leftsinister, sinistral
sinussinu-curveinsinuation, sine, sinus, sinuose, sinuosity, sinuous
solsol-sunextrasolar, insolate, insolation, solar, soliform, solstice
solumsol-bottominsole, sole
solussol-alone, onlysole, solitary, solitude, solo, sullen
somnussomn-sleepinsomnia, somnolent
sonusson-soundabsonant, assonance, consonance, consonant, dissonance, dissonant, resonance, resonant, resound, sonorant, sonority, soun, sound, triconsonantal
soporsopor-deep sleepsopor, soporific
sororsoror-sistersororal, sororate, sororicide, sorority
spessper-hopedespair, desperado, desperate, desperation
spicaspic-spica, spicate, spicose, spicosity, spiculate, spicule, spiculiform
spinaspin-thornspinal, spine, spinescent, spiniferous, spiniform, spinose
squamasquam-scalesquamate, squamella, squamiform, squamose, squamous
stagnumstagn-stagnant, stagnate, stagnation
stellastell-starcircumstellar, constellation, interstellar, stellar
striastri-furrowstriate, striation, striature
strixstrig-owlstrigine
suavissuav-sweetassuage, assuagement, suave, suaviloquent, suaviloquy, suavity
sucus
succus
succ-juicesucculent
sulcussulc-furrowsulcal, sulcate, sulciform
superus
superior
supremus
super-
– superior-
– suprem-
over
– higher
– highest
superior, superiority, supreme, supremity, supremum
tabernatabern-tabernacle, tabernacular, tavern
tabernaculumtabernacul-
tabestab-tabefaction, tabes, tabescence, tabescent, tabid
tabulatabul-boardtabellion, table, tablet, tabular, tabulate, tabulation, tabulator
tabellatabell-
taediumtaedi-tediosity, tedium
tardustard-slowretard, retardation, tardy
templumtempl-templetemplar, template
tempustempor-timecontemporaneous, contemporary, extemporaneous, tempest, tempo, temporal, temporaneous, temporary
tenuistenu-thinattenuant, attenuate, attenuation, attenuator, extenuate, extenuation, tenuate, tenuifolious, tenuis, tenuity, tenuous
terminustermin-boundarycoterminous, determinable, determinant, determinate, determination, determinative, determinator, determine, exterminate, extermination, indeterminable, indeterminate, interminable, terminal, terminate, termination, terminative, terminator
ternitern-three eachtern, ternary, ternate, ternion
terraterr-dry landatterration, circumterrestrial, extraterrestrial, terrace, terracotta, terrain, terrarium, terrestrial, territory, terroir
tertiusterti-thirdsesterce, Terce, tertial, tertian, tertiary, tertiate
testistest-witnessattest, attestable, attestation, attestator, contest, contestable, contestant, contestation, counter-protest, detest, detestable, detestation, intestacy, intestate, protest, Protestant, protestation, protestator, testacy, testament, testamentary, testate, testation, testator, testatrix, testicle, testimonial, testimony
titulustitul-titletilde, titular, titulary
totustot-all, wholesubtotal, total, totality
trestri-threetriangle, triceps, triennial, trillion, triolet, triquetrous, triradiate
tribustrib-contribute, contributor, contributory, tribe, tribunal, tribune, tributary, tribute
tricaetric-tricksextricate, extrication, intricacy, intricate, intrigue
trinitrin-three eachtrinal, trinary, trine, trinity
tubustub-tubeintubation, tubal, tube, tubular
turbaturb-disturbance, turbidity, turbine
tussistuss-coughpertussis, tussive
ulcusulcer-ulcer, ulcerate, ulceration, ulcerative
ulmusulm-elmUlmaceae, ulmaceous, ulmic
ulter
ulterior
ultimus
ultr-
• ulterior-
• ultim-

• farther
• farmost, farthest

• ulterior, ulteriority
• penultimate, ultima, ultimate, ultimatum, ultimogeniture
umbraumbr-shade, shadowadumbrate, adumbration, inumbrate, penumbra, umbrage, umbrageous, umbrella
umbellaunbell-
unciaunci-twelfthinch, ounce, quincuncial, uncial
uncusunc-hookunciform, Uncinaria, uncinate, Uncinia
undaund-waveabound, abundance, abundant, inundate, redound, redundancy, redundant, superabound, superabundance, superabundant, surround, undulant, undulate, undulation, undulatory, undulose
undecimundecim-elevenundecimarticulate
undeniunden-eleven eachundenary
unguisungu-claw, hoofungual, unguiferous, unguiform, ungular, ungulate
ungulaungul-
unusun-onecoadunate, onion, unary, unate, uniform, uniformity, union, unique, unite, unity
urbsurb-cityconurbation, interurban, suburb, suburban, urban, urbane
ursusurs-bearursine, Ursus
vacuusvacu-emptyvacuous, vacuum
vagusvag-wanderingextravagant, vagile, vague
vallumvall-rampartcircumvallate, circumvallation, contravallation, interval, vallar, vallate, vallation
valvavalv-bivalve, valvate, valve
vanusvan-empty, vainvanity
variusvari-varyingbivariate, variable, variance, variant, variate, variation, variety, variform, various, vary
vasvas-vesselvasal, vase, vasiform
vastusvast-emptydevastate, vastitude
veloxveloc-quick, swiftvelocity
velumvel-sail, veilreveal, revelation, revelatory, velamen, velar, velate
venaven-veinvein, venae cavae, venation, venose, venosity, venous, venular, venule, venulose
venulavenul-
venterventr-bellyventral, ventricle, ventriloquy
ventusvent-windventilation, ventilator, ventose, ventosity
venumven-venal, venality
venusvener-desirevenerable, venereal
verbumverb-wordadverb, adverbial, proverb, proverbial, verbal, verbatim, verbiage, verbicide, verbid, verbose, verbosity
vermisverm-wormvermian, vermicelli, vermicular, vermiculate, vermiculation, vermicule, vermiculite, vermiculose, vermiculture, vermiform, vermifuge
vernusvern-springvernal
vērusver-trueveracious, veracity, verify, veritable, verity
vespavesp-waspvespacide
vespervesper-eveningvespertine
vestigiumvestig-trace, trackinvestigate, vestige, vestigial
vestisvest-clothingtransvestite, travesty, vest, vestment, vesture
vetusveter-oldinveterate, inveteration, veteran
viavi-waybivial, bivious, bivium, convey, conveyance, convoy, deviance, deviant, deviation, devious, impervious, obviate, obvious, pervious, quadrivial, quadrivium, trivial, triviality, trivium, viaduct, vialis, viary
vicisvic-changevicarious, vicissitude
vicusvic-vicinal, vicinity
vigesimusvigesim-twentiethseptemvigesimal, vigesimal
vilisvil-cheap, vilerevile, vilification, vilify
vīllavill-country housevilla, village, villain
villusvill-velour, velvet
vinumvin-winevignette, vine, viniculture, vinosity
virvir-man (masculine)quadrumvirate, triumvirate, virago, virile, virility, virtue
virgavirg-rod, twigvirga, virgate, virgule
viscusviscer-internal organeviscerate, visceral, viscus
vitavit-lifeviable, vital, vitality
vitiumviti-vice, vicious, vitiate
vitrumvitr-glassvitreous, vitriol
viverraviverr-ferretviverrid, viverrine
volavol-palmvolar
voxvoc-voiceadvocacy, advocate, avouch, avouchment, avow, avowal, convocation, invocation, provocation, revocation, vocal, vocation, vocative, vociferant, vociferous, vouch, vouchment, vouchsafe
vulgusvulg-crowddivulge, vulgar, vulgarity, vulgate
vulnusvulner-woundvulnerable, vulnerose
vulpēsvulp-foxvulpicide, vulpine

Diminutive

Verbs[edit]

In some Latin verbs, a preposition caused a vowel change in the root of the verb. For example, "capiō" prefixed with "in" becomes "incipio".

Latin verbs
Citation formPresent stemPerfect stemParticipial stemMeaningEnglish derivatives
aceōac-acu- –be souracescent, acid, acidity
acescōacesc-acu- –
agō
-igō
ag-
-ig-
ēg-āct-act, driveabaction, abactor, act, actant, actio, action, actionable, actionary, activate, activation, activator, active, activity, actor, actual, actuality, actuarial, actuary, actuate, actuation, actuator, actuose, agenda, agency, agent, agentive, agible, agile, agility, agitate, agitation, agitative, agitato, agitator, ambages, ambaginous, ambagious, ambiguity, ambiguous, assay, castigate, castigation, coact, coaction, coactive, coagency, coagent, coagment, coagmentation, coagulant, coagulate, coagulation, coagulum, cogency, cogent, cogitability, cogitable, cogitabund, cogitate, cogitation, cogitative, cogitator, compurgation, counteract, counteraction, counteragent, counterreaction, deactivate, deactivation, disambiguate, disambiguation, enact, enactment, enactor, entracte, essay, exact, examen, examine, excogitate, exigency, exigent, expurgate, fumigate, fumigation, inaction, inactive, indagate, indefatigable, inexact, interact, interaction, interactive, interagency, intransigent, litigate, mitigate, navigate, peract, precogitation, proactive, prodigality, prodigence, purgament, purgation, purgative, purgatory, purge, react, reaction, reactionary, reactive, reactor, reagent, redact, redaction, reenact, reenactment, reenactor, reexamine, retroact, retroaction, retroactive, subact, subaction, transact, transaction, transactional, transactivation, transactivator, variegate, variegation
agitōagit-agitav-agitat-
alōal-
-ol-
-ul-
alu-alit-
alt-
nourishadolescence, adolescent, adult, alible, aliment, alimental, alimentary, alimentation, alimonious, alimony, alma mater, altar, altiloquent, altissimo, altitude, altitudinal, alto, altricial, alumnus, coalesce, coalescence, coalescent, coalite, coalition, coalitional, contralto, exalt, exaltation
alescōalesc-
-olesc-
alit-
ambulōambul-ambulav-ambulat-walkamble, ambulance, ambulatory, circumambulation, perambulate, preamble
amōam-amav-amat-like, loveamateur, amatory, amigo, amorous, enamor, paramour
appelloappell-appellav-appellat-call, addressappeal, appellant, appellate, appellation
apōap-
api-
epi-
ap-apt-
-ept-
fastenadapt, adaptable, adaptation, adaptative, apt, aptate, aptitude, aptitudinal, attitude, attitudinal, inept, ineptitude, maladaptation
aptōapt-aptav-aptat-
ardeōard-ars-ars-be on fireardent, ardor
areōar- – –be dryarid, aridisols, aridity
arguōargu-argu-argut-argue, argument
audeōaud-aus- –be bold, dare
audiōaud-audiv-audit-hearaudibility, audible, audience, audient, audio, audit, audition, auditive, auditor, auditorium, auditory, inaudible
augeōaug-aux-auct-increaseauction, augmentation, augmentative
aveōav- – –avarice, avid
bibōbib-bib-bibit-drinkbeverage, bibulous, imbibe, imbrue
cadō
-cidō
cad-
-cid-
cecid-cas-fallaccident, accidental, cadaver, cadaverine, cadaverous, cadence, cadent, cadenza, caducous, cascade, case, casual, casualty, casuistry, chance, coincide, coincidence, coincidental, decadence, decadent, decay, deciduous, demicadence, escheat, escheatage, incident, incidental, recidivous, semelincident
caedōcaed-
-cid-
cecid-caes-
-cis-
cutcaesura, cement, cementum, chisel, circumcise, circumcision, concise, concision, decide, decision, decisive, deciso, excide, excise, excision, excisional, imprecise, imprecision, incise, incision, incisive, incisor, incisory, incisure, indecision, indecisive, precise, precision, scissors, succise, succision
caleōcal-calu- –be warmcaldarium, caldera, calefacient, calefaction, calefactive, calefactory, calenture, calescent, calid, calor, calore, calorie, calorifacient, calorific, caudle, cauldron, nonchalance, nonchalant, recalescence, scald
calescōcalesc-calu- –
canōcan-
-cin-
cecin-cant-
-cent-
singaccent, accentual, accentuate, accentuation, canción, cant, cantabile, cantata, cantation, cantatory, cantatrice, canticle, canticum, cantiga, cantilena, cantion, canto, cantor, cantus, chanson, chansonnier, chant, chanteur, chanteuse, chanticleer, concent, descant, discant, enchant, enchantment, incantation, incantational, incentive, plainchant, precentor, recant, recantation, succentor
cantōcant-cantav-cantat-
cantitōcantit-cantitav-cantitat-
capiō
-cipiō
cap-
-cup-
cep-
-cip-
capt-
-cept-
takeaccept, acceptable, acceptance, acceptancy, acceptant, acceptation, accipient, anticipate, anticipation, anticipative, anticipatory, capability, capable, capacious, capacitance, capacitate, capacity, capistrate, capstan, captation, caption, captious, captivate, captivation, captive, captivity, captor, capture, case, catch, catchment, chase, conceit, conceivable, conceive, concept, conceptacle, conceptible, conception, conceptional, conceptive, conceptual, contraception, contraceptive, deceit, deceive, deception, deceptive, discept, disceptation, disceptator, emancipate, except, exceptant, exception, exceptional, exceptive, exceptor, excipient, exciple, excipulum, forceps, imperceptible, incapability, incapable, incapacious, incapacitant, incapacitate, incapacitation, incapacity, incept, inception, inceptive, inceptor, incipience, incipient, inconceivable, intercept, interception, interceptor, intussusception, participant, participate, participial, participle, perceive, percept, perceptible, perception, perceptive, percipience, percipient, precept, preception, preceptive, preceptor, preceptory, preceptress, precipient, prince, principal, principality, recapture, receipt, receive, recept, receptacle, receptible, reception, receptive, receptivity, receptor, receptory, recipe, recipience, recipient, recover, recovery, recuperate, susceptible, susception, susceptive, susceptivity, susceptor, suscipiency, suscipient
captōcapt-
-cept-
captav-captat-
-ceptat-
careōcar-caru-carit-lackcharity, precarious
carpō
-cerpō
carp-
-cerp-
carps-carpt-
-cerpt-
pick, pluckcarpe diem, decerp, decerpt, decerption, discerp, discerption, excerpt
cassōcass-cassav-cassat-cassate, cassation
caveōcav-cav-caut-bewarecaution, cautionary, caveat, precaution, precautionary
cēdōced-cess-cess-yield, departabscess, abscession, accede, access, accessible, accession, accessory, antecedaneous, antecede, antecedent, antecessor, cease, cessation, cessative, cessavit, cession, circumincession, concede, concession, concessionary, decease, decedent, decession, discede, discession, excedent, exceed, excess, excessive, inaccessible, incessable, incessant, intercede, intercession, nonrecessive, precede, precedent, precession, précis, predecease, predecessor, preprocess, preprocessor, procedural, procedure, proceed, process, procession, processionary, processive, processor, recede, recess, recession, recessionary, recessive, reprocess, retrocede, retrocession, retrocessive, secede, secession, succeed, success, succession, successive, successor
cessōcess-cessav-cessat-
cēlō
-culō
cēl-
-cul-
celav-celat-
-cult-
hideconceal, concealment, occult
cenōcen-cenav-cenat-dinecenation, cenatory
ceptōcept-ceptav-ceptat-discept, disceptation
cernōcern-crev-cret-separate, siftdecern, decree, discern, discernible, discernment, discrete, excrement, excretion, recrement, secern, secernent, secretion
cieōci-civ-cit-accite, citation, cite, concitation, concite, excitability, excitable, excitant, excitation, excitative, excite, excitement, incitable, incitant, incitation, incitative, incite, incitement, inexcitable, insouciance, insouciant, irresuscitable, recital, recitation, recitative, recite, resuscitate, resuscitation, solicit, solicitant, solicitation, solicitor, solicitous
citōcit-citav-citat-
cingōcing-cinx-cinct-encircle, girdcincture, succinct
clāmōclām-clāmāv-clāmāt-callacclaim, acclamation, clamor, declaim, declamation, declamatory, exclaim, exclamation, exclamatory, proclaim, proclamation, reclaim, reclamation
claudō
-clōdō
claud-
-clōd-
claus-claus-
-clōs-
closeclause, claustral, claustrum, clausula, clausure, cloister, closet, closure, cloture, clusivity, conclude, concludent, conclusion, conclusive, conclusory, disclose, disclosure, disclude, disclusion, enclose, enclosure, exclude, exclusion, exclusionary, exclusive, exclusivity, exclusory, inclose, inclosure, include, inclusion, inclusionary, inclusive, inclusivity, inconclusive, malocclusion, nondisclosure, nonexclusive, occlude, occlusion, occlusive, preclude, preclusive, reclude, recluse, reclusion, reclusive, reclusory, seclude, seclusion, seclusive
clinōclin-clinav-clinat-leandeclinable, declination, decline, disinclination, disincline, inclination, incline, recline
colōcol-
cul-
colu-colt-
cult-
tillacculturation, agriculture, apiculture, colonial, colony, counterculture, cult, cultivate, cultural, culture, incult, inculturation, multicultural, subculture
cōnorcon-conat- –tryconation
coquōcoqu-cox-coct-cookcoctile, concoct, concoction, cook, cookery, cuisine, decoct, decoction, excoct, excoction, precocious
consulōconsul-consulu-consult-consultconsult, counsel
cremōcrem-cremav-cremat-burncremate, cremation, crematory, incremate
creōcre-creav-creat-makeaccretion, accrue, creant, create, creation, creative, creativity, creator, creature, crescendo, crescent, croissant, decrease, decrescence, decrescendo, decrescent, excrescent, increase, increscent, procreant, procreate, procreation, procreative, procreator, re-create, recruit
crescōcresc-crev-cret-grow
cubōcub-cubu-cubat-lieconcubinage, incubate, incubator, incubous, incubus, succubine, succubous, succubus
-cumbō-cumb--cubu--cubit-lieincumbency, incumbent, recumbence, recumbent, succumb
cupiōcup-cupiv-cupit-desirecupidity
currōcurr-cucurr-curs-runconcur, concurrency, concurrent, corsair, courier, course, currency, current, curriculum, cursive, cursor, cursory, curule, decurrent, decursion, discourse, discurrent, discursion, discursive, discursory, discursus, excur, excurrent, excursion, excursive, excursus, extracurricular, incur, incurrent, incursion, incursive, occur, occurrence, occurrent, occursion, parcourse, recourse, recur, recurrent, recursion, recursive, succor, succursal
cursōcurs-cursav-cursat-
dicōdic-dicav-dicat-dedicate, dedication, preach, predicate
dicōdic-dix-dict-sayaddict, addiction, addictive, contradict, contradiction, contradictive, contradictory, dictate, dictation, dictator, dictatorial, diction, dictionary, dictum, edict, indict, indictment, indite, inditement, predict, prediction, predictive, valediction, valedictorian, valedictory
dictōdict-dictav-dictat-
d-ded-
-did-
dat-
-dit-
giveadd, addend, addendum, addition, additional, additive, dative, dedimus, dedition, edition, editor, editorial, extradition, perdition, reddition, redditive, rendition, surrender, tradition, traditional, traditor
doceōdoc-docu-doct-teachdoctor, doctoral, doctrinal, doctrine, document, documentary, documentation, indoctrinate, indoctrination, postdoctoral
doleōdol-dolu-dolit-grievecondole, condolence, condolent, dolent, dolente, dolor, dolorific
dormiōdorm-dormiv-dormit-sleepdormitory
dubitōdubit-dubitav-dubitat-doubtdubitable, dubitancy, dubitation, indubitable
ducōduc-dux-duct-leadabduce, abducent, abduction, abductor, adduce, adducent, adduct, adduction, adductor, circumduction, conduce, conducent, conduction, conductive, conductivity, conductor, deduce, deduct, deductible, deduction, deductive, duct, ductile, ductility, ductor, educe, educt, induce, inducement, induct, induction, inductive, inductor, introduce, introduction, introductory, irreducible, nonconductive, produce, product, production, productive, productivity, reduce, reducible, reduction, redux, reintroduction, reproduce, reproduction, reproductive, seduce, seduction, seductive, semiconductor, subduction, superconductivity, superconductor, traduce, traducent, traducian, traduct, traduction
edōed-ed-es-eatedacity, edible, esculent, inedible, obese, obesity
emō
-imō
em-
-im-
em-empt-buyadempt, ademption, emptor, exempt, exemption, impromptu, nonexempt, preempt, preemption, preemptive, preemptory, prompt, redeem, redemption, redemptive, redemptress, redempture
e-i-it-goadit, ambient, ambit, ambition, coition, coitus, exeat, exit, intransitive, introit, obituary, preterite, redient, redition, sedition, transient, transit, transition, transitive, transitory
errōerr-errav-errat-strayerrant, errata, erratic, erratum, inerrant
faciō
-ficiō
fac-
-fic-
fec-
-fic-
fact-
-fect-
makeaffair, affect, affectation, affection, affectional, affectionate, affective, affectivity, aficionado, benefaction, benefactive, benefactor, benefic, benefice, beneficence, beneficial, beneficiary, beneficiation, comfit, comfiture, confect, confection, confectionary, confectionery, confecture, confetti, contrafactive, contrafactual, counterfactual, counterfeit, de facto, deface, defacement, defeasance, defeat, defect, defection, defective, defector, deficiency, deficient, deficit, difficile, difficulty, disaffection, discomfit, discomfiture, disinfect, disinfectant, disinfection, efface, effacement, effect, effectible, effection, effective, effectivity, effector, effectual, effectuality, effectuate, effectuation, efficacious, efficacity, efficacy, efficiency, efficient, face, facet, facial, faciend, facient, facile, facilitate, facilitation, facilitative, facilitator, facilitatory, facility, facinorous, facsimile, fact, faction, factional, factionary, factious, factitious, factor, factorial, factory, factual, facture, facultative, faculty, fashion, fashionable, feasibility, feasible, feasance, feat, feature, fetish, forfeit, forfeiture, hacienda, imperfect, imperfection, indefeasible, ineffective, ineffectual, inefficient, infect, infection, infectious, infective, insufficiency, insufficient, malefaction, malefactor, maleficence, malfeasance, nonfactual, nonfacultative, nonfeasance, nonproficiency, nonprofit, office, official, officiant, officiary, officiate, parfait, perfect, perfectible, perfection, perfective, pluperfect, prefect, prefecture, proficiency, proficient, profit, profiteer, reinfect, remanufacture, resurface, sacrifice, semelfactive, subprefect, subprefecture, subsurface, suffice, sufficiency, sufficient, superficial, superficiality, superficies, surface, surfeit, transfection
factōfact-
-fect-
factav-factat-
-fectat-
fallōfall-fefell-fals-fallacy, fallible, false, falsity, infallible
faveōfav-favu-favit-favor
fendōfend-fend-fens-defend, defense, defensible, defensive, fence, indefensible, inoffensive, offend, offense, offensive, reoffend
ferōfer-tul-lāt-bear, bringablate, ablation, ablative, ablator, allative, aquifer, circumference, circumferential, confer, conference, conferential, conferment, conferral, conifer, correlate, correlation, correlative, defer, deference, deferent, deferential, deferment, deferral, delate, delative, differ, difference, different, differential, differentiate, differentiation, elate, elation, elative, fertile, fertility, illative, infer, inference, inferential, infertile, infertility, interfere, interference, interrelate, interrelation, lative, multiferous, oblate, oblation, perlative, prefer, preference, preferential, prelacy, prelate, prolate, prolation, prolative, refer, reference, referendary, referendum, referent, referential, referral, relate, relation, relational, relative, relativity, relator, relatrix, relatum, sublative, suffer, superlative, transfer, transference, transferral, translation, translative, translator
ferveōferv- – – –effervescence, effervescent, fervency, fervent, fervescent, fervid, fervor
fervescōfervesc- – –
fīgōfīg-fīx-fix-fixaffix, affixion, crucifix, crucifixion, fixure, infix, infixion, postfix, prefix, prefixion, suffix, suffixion
findōfind-fid-fiss-cleave, splitbifid, contrafissure, fissile, fission, fissiped, fissure, fistula, fistular, multifid
fingōfing-finx-fict-fashion, inventeffigy, fiction, fictional, fictive, figment
fiōfi- – –be madefiat
flectōflect-flex-flex-benddeflect, flexibility, flexible, flexile, flexion, flexor, flexuose, flexure, genuflect, inflect, inflection, inflexible, irreflexive, reflect, reflective, reflector, reflex, reflexion, reflexive, retroreflector
fligōflig-flix-flict-strikeafflict, affliction, afflictive, conflict, confliction, inflict, infliction, inflictive, profligate
flōfl-flav-flat-blowafflation, afflatus, conflate, conflation, deflate, deflation, efflate, efflation, exsufflate, exsufflation, flabellum, flabile, flatulence, flatulent, inflate, inflation, insufflate, insufflation, soufflé, sufflate, sufflation
fluōflu-flux-flux-flowaffluence, affluent, confluence, diffluence, effluent, efflux, fluency, fluent, fluid, flume, flux, fluxion, influence, influenza, influx, reflux
fodiōfod-fod-foss-digfossil
forf-fat- –say, speakaffability, affable, fable, fabular, fabulous, facund, facundious, facundity, famacide, fame, famosity, famous, fatal, fatality, fate, fatidic, fatiferous, fetial, ineffable, infamous, infamy, infancy, infant, infantile, infantry
frangō
-fringō
frang-
-fring-
freg-fract-breakbirefringence, diffract, diffraction, fractal, fraction, fractional, fracture, fragile, fragility, fragment, fragmentary, frail, infraction, infringe, irrefrangible, refraction, refractive, refractor, refractory, refrain (noun), refrangible, refringent, suffrage
fricōfric-fricu-frict-rubfricative, friction
frigeōfrig- – –be coldfrigid
frigōfrig-frix-frict-parch
fruorfru-fruct- –enjoyusufruct, usufructuary
fugiōfug-fug-fugit-fleefugitive, refugee
fundōfund-fūd-fūs-pouraffusion, confound, confuse, confusion, diffuse, diffusion, diffusive, diffusor, effund, effuse, effusion, effusive, fondant, fondue, found, foundry, fuse, fusibility, fusible, fusile, fusion, futile, futility, nonfusible, perfuse, perfusion, perfusive, profuse, profusion, profusive, refund, refusal, refuse
fungorfung-funct- –dodefunct, fungible, function, functional, functionary, malfunction
gaudeōgaud-gavis- –rejoicegaud
gerōger-gess-gest-carryagger, congest, congestion, congestive, contragestive, contrasuggestible, decongestant, digest, digestible, digestion, digestive, gerund, gerundive, gestant, gestate, gestation, gestational, gestative, gestatory, gesture, indigestible, indigestion, ingest, ingestion, ingestive, suggest, suggestive, suggestion
gestōgest-gestav-gestat-
gradior
-gredior
gradi-
-gredi-
gress-
-gress-
 –stepaggression, aggressive, aggressor, congress, digress, digression, digressive, egress, egression, egressive, gradient, ingredient, ingress, ingressive, introgression, introgressive, nonaggression, progress, progression, progressive, regress, regression, regressive, retrogressive, transgression, transgressor
gustōgust-gustav-gustat-tastegustation, gustatory
habeō
-hibeō
habe-
-hibe-
habu-habit-
-hibit-
haveability, able, debit, debitor, debt, debtor, devoir, disability, disable, due, duty, enable, endeavor, exhibit, exhibition, exhibitor, habeas corpus, habile, habilitate, hability, habit, habitable, habitance, habitant, habitat, habitation, habitator, habitual, habituate, habituation, habitude, habitudinal, inability, indubitable, inhabile, inhabit, inhabitable, inhabitant, inhabitation, inhibit, inhibition, inhibitory, prebend, prebendary, prohibit, prohibition, prohibitive, prohibitory, provender, rehabilitant, rehabilitate, rehabilitation, rehabilitative, rehabilitator
habitōhabit-habitav-habitat-
haereōhaer-haes-haes-cling, stickadhere, adherent, adhesion, adhesive, cohere, coherence, coherent, cohesion, cohesive, hesitant, hesitate, hesitation, incoherent, nonadhesive
halōhal-
-hel-
halav-halat-breatheexhalable, exhalant, exhalation, exhale, inhalant, inhalation, inhale
hauriōhauri-haus-haust-drawexhaust, exhaustible, exhaustion, exhaustive, haurient, haustrum, inexhaustible
hiōhi-hiav-hiat-gapehiatal, hiatus
iaceōiac-iacu-jacit-be thrown, lieadjacent, circumjacent, nonadjacent, subjacent, superjacent
iaciō
-iciō
iac-iec-
(j)ic-
jact-
-ject-
throwabject, conjecture, dejection, ejection, ejector, inject, injection, introjection, jet, object, objection, objective, objector, project, projectile, projector, reject, rejection, subject, subjective, surjective, trajectory
irascorirasc-irat- –be angryirascible, irate
laborlab-laps- –slide, slipcollapse, elapse, labile, prolapse, relapse
laciō
-liciō
lac-
-lic-
-licu- –
-lect-
luredelicious, elicit, illicit
laedō
-lidō
laed-
-lid-
laes-
-lis-
laes-
-lis-
hurtcollide, collision, elide, elision, lesion
langueōlangu- – –languid, languish, languor
laudōlaud-laudav-laudat-praiselaud, laudable, laudatory
lavōlav-lav-laut-, lot-washlatrine, lavatory, loment, lotion, loture
lēgōlēg-legav-legat-sendallege, delegate, delegation, relegation
legō
-ligō
leg-
-lig-
leg-lect-choose, gather, readcollect, collectible, collection, collective, collector, diligence, diligent, elect, election, elective, elector, eligibility, eligible, illegible, ineligible, lectionary, lector, lecture, legend, legendary, legible, neglect, negligence, negligent, select, selection, selective, selector
leōl- –let-
-lit-
delete, deletion, delible, indelible
libōlib-libav-libat-pourlibament, libation
libōlib- –libit-pleaselibido
liceōlic- -licit-licence, licit, licitation
licitōlicit-licitav-licitat-
ligōlig-ligav-ligat-bindligament, ligature, obligation
linquōlinqu-liqu-lict-abandondelict, delinquent, derelict, dereliction, relict, reliction, relinquish, reliquary
liveōliv- – –livid, livor
locōloc-locav-locat-place, putallocate, allocation, collocate, collocation, locate, location, locational, locative, locator, relocate, relocation
loquorloqu-locūt- –speakallocution, allocutive, circumlocution, collocution, collocutor, colloquial, colloquium, colloquy, elocutio, elocution, eloquence, eloquent, grandiloquent, illocution, interlocutor, interlocutory, locution, loquacious, loquacity, loquitur, oblocutor, obloquy, perlocutionary, ventriloquy
luceōluc-lux- –be light, shinelucent, pellucid
luctorluct-luctat- –wrestlereluctance, reluctant
lūdōlūd-lūs-lūs-playallude, allusion, allusive, collude, collusion, collusive, delude, delusion, delusional, delusive, delusory, disillusion, elude, elusion, elusive, illude, illusion, illusive, illusory, interlude, ludicrous, prelude
luōlu-lu-lut-washabluent, ablution, dilute, elution, pollution
maneōman-mans-mans-stayimmanent, mansion, permanence, permanent, remain, remanence, remanent
mānōmān-manav-manat-flowemanate, emanation
meōme-meav-meat-go, passimpermeable, permeable, permeance, permeant, permease, permeate, permeation
mergōmerg-mers-mers-dipemerge, emergence, immerse, immersion, immersive
migrōmigr-migrav-migrat-emigrant, emigrate, emigration, émigré, immigrant, immigrate, immigration, migrant, migrate, migration, migratory, nonmigratory
minuōminu-minu-minut-lessendiminuendo, diminution, diminutive, minuend
misceōmisc-miscu-mixt-mixadmixture, miscible, mixture, promiscuous
mittōmitt-mīs-miss-sendadmissible, admission, admit, commissar, commissariat, commissary, commission, commissure, commit, committal, decommission, dismiss, dismissal, dismissive, emissary, emission, emit, impermissible, inadmissible, intermission, intermittent, intromission, intromit, manumission, manumit, message, missile, mission, missionary, missive, noncommittal, permission, permissive, permit, premise, premiss, premit, promise, promissive, promissory, readmission, readmit, recommit, remiss, remission, remit, resubmit, retransmission, retransmit, submission, submissive, submit, transmissible, transmission, transmissive, transmit
molōmol-molu-molit-grinddemolition, emolument, molar
moneōmon-monu-monit-warnadmonish, admonition, admonitory, monition, monitor, monitory, monument, monumental, premonition
monstrōmonstr-monstrav-monstrat-showdemonstrable, demonstrant, demonstrate, demonstration, demonstrative, demonstrator, demonstratory, remonstrant, remonstrate, remonstration, remonstrative
moveōmov-mov-mot-moveadmove, demote, demotion, commotion, commove, emotion, emotional, emotive, locomotion, locomotive, motif, motile, motility, motion, motive, motor, move, promote, promotion, promotional, promotor, remote, remotion, removal, remove
narrōnarr-narrav-narrat-tellnarration, narrative, narrator
nascornasc-nat-
gnat-
 –be bornadnascent, adnate, agnate, agnatic, agnation, cognate, cognation, enate, enation, innate, naissant, nascent, natal, nation, national, nationality, native, nativity, natural, nature, prenatal, preternatural, renaissance, renascent, supernatural
natōnat-natav-natat-float, swimnatatorium
necōnec-necav-necat-killenecate
nectōnect-nexu-nex-join, tieannex, connect, connexion, disconnect, interconnect, nexus, reconnect
nōscō
-gnōscō
nōsc-
-gnōsc-
nosc-nōt-
-gnōt-, -gnit-
knowcognition, cognitive, ignoble, nobility, noble, notice, notion, recognition, reconnaissance, reconnoiter
notōnot-notav-notat-markannotation, annotator, connotation, denotation, denote, notability, notable, notary, notation
nuntiōnunt-nuntiav-nuntiat-bring news of, announceannounce, annunciation, denunciation, renounce, renunciation
nutriōnutr-nutriv-nutrit-nourishnutrient, nutriment, nutrition, nutritious
ōdiod- – –hateannoy, annoyance, ennui, odious, odium
oleōol-olu- –smellolfactory, olid, redolence, redolent
operiōoper-operu-opert-covercover, covert, curfew, discover, discovert, discoverture, discovery, operculum, rediscover
optōopt-optav-optat-chooseadopt, adoptive, coopt, cooptation, opt, optation, optative
ordiorord-ors- –beginexordium, primordial, primordium
oriorori-ort- –riseabort, abortion, abortive, disorient, disorientation, orient, oriental, orientation
palleōpall-pallu- –be palepallid, pallor
pandōpand-
-pend-
pand-pans-
-pess-
spreadcompass, dispand, dispansion, encompass, expand, expanse, expansion, expansive, pace, repand
pangō
-pingō
pang-
-ping-
pepig-pact-fastencompact, compaction, compactor, compinge, counterpropaganda, impact, impaction, impactive, impinge, impingement, propaganda, propagate, propagation
pareōpar-paru-parit-be readyapparent, apparition, appear, appearance, disappear, disappearance, disparition, semitransparent, transparency, transparent
pariōpar-
-per-
peper-part-
-pert-
antepartum, biparous, deiparous, fissiparity, multiparous, nonparental, nullipara, nulliparity, nulliparous, oviparity, oviparous, parent, parental, parity, parturiency, parturient, parturifacient, parturition, pluriparous, postpartum, primipara, primiparous, repertoire, repertory, semelparity, semelparous, uniparous, vivipary, viviparous
parturiōpartur-parturiv-parturit-
parōpar-
-per-
parav-
-perav-
parat-
-perat-
make readyapparat, apparatus, disparate, disrepair, dissever, disseverance, emperor, empery, empire, empress, imperant, imperative, imperator, imperious, inseparable, irreparable, parade, pare, parry, preparation, preparative, preparatory, prepare, repair, reparable, reparation, reparative, separable, separate, separation, separator, sever, severable, several, severance
pascōpasc-pav-past-feedantepast, antipasto, pastern, pastor, pastorage, pastoral, pastorale, pastorate, pastorium, pasturage, pastural, pasture, repast, repasture
pateōpat-patu- –be openpatefaction, patella, patellar, patelliform, patency, patent
patiorpat-pass- –endurecompassion, compassionate, compatibility, compatible, dispassion, dispassionate, impassion, impassive, impassivity, impatience, impatient, incompatibility, incompatible, noncompatible, passion, passionate, passive, passivity, patience, patient
paveōpav-pav- –be afraidpavid, pavidity
paviōpav-paviv-pavit-beatpave, pavement, paviage, pavior
-pellō-pell--pellav--pellat-appeal, appellable, appellant, appellate, appellation, appellative, repeal
pellōpell-pepul-puls-pushappulse, compel, compulsion, compulsive, compulsory, depulsion, dispel, impulse, impulsive, propel, propellent, propulsion, propulsive, pulsate, pulsatile, pulsation, pulsative, pulsator pulse, pulsion, repel, repulse, repulsion, repulsive
pulsōpuls-pulsav-pulsat-
pendeōpend-pepend- –be hanging, hang (intr.)dependency, dependent, independence, independent, interdependent, penchant, pendent, pending, pensile, propensity
pendōpend-pepend-pens-weighcompendious, compendium, compensate, compensation, compensatory, dispensation, dispense, expend, expense, pensative, pension, pensive, poise, suspense
pensōpens-pensav-pensat-
periorper- – –experience, experiment, inexperience, peril
petōpet-petiv-petit-seek, attackappete, appetence, appetent, appetite, appetition, centripetal, compete, competence, competent, competition, competitive, competitor, impetuous, impetus, inappetence, incompetence, incompetent, noncompetitive, petulance, petulant, petulcity, petulcous, propitiation, propitious, repeat, répétiteur, repetition, repetitive, repetitor
pingōping-pinx-pict-paintdepict, depiction, paint, pictorial, picture, pigment, pigmentary, pigmentation, pimiento, pinto, repaint
placeō
-pliceō
plac-
-plic-
placu-placit-
-plicit-
pleasecomplacency, complacent, complaisance, complaisant, counterplea, displease, displeasure, implead, placebo, placid, placidity, plea, plead, pleasance, pleasant, pleasantry, please, pleasurable, pleasure
plācōplāc-plācav-plācāt-implacable, placability, placable, placate, placation, placative, placatory
plangōplang-planx-planct-complain, complainant, complaint, plague, plain, plaint, plaintiff, plaintive, plangency, plangent
plaudō
-plodō
plaud-
-plod-
plaus-plaus-
-plos-
clapapplaud, applause, displode, displosion, displosive, explode, explosion, explosive, implausibility, implausible, implosion, implosive, nonexplosive, plaudit, plausibility, plausible, plosion, plosive
plectōplect-plex-plex-plaitamplexus, complect, complex, complexion, complexity, implex, implexion, perplex, perplexity, plexure, plexus
plēōplē-plev-plēt-fillaccomplish, accomplishment, complement, complementarity, complementary, complementation, complete, completion, completive, compliance, compliant, compliment, Compline, comply, deplete, depletion, depletive, implement, implementation, impletion, incomplete, incompletion, noncompliance, plenary, plenitude, plenitudinous, plenty, plenum, reimplement, reimplementation, replenish, replete, repletion, repletive, resupply, supplement, supplemental, supplementary, supplementation, suppletion, suppletive, suppletory, supply
plicōplic-plicav-plicat-foldapplicability, applicable, applicant, application, applicative, applicator, applicatory, apply, centuplicate, complicate, complication, contortuplicate, counterploy, demi-plié, deplication, deploy, deployment, duplicate, duplication, duplicator, employ, employee, employment, explicable, explicandum, explicans, explicate, explication, explicative, explicator, explicatory, explicature, exploit, exploitable, exploitation, implicate, implication, implicational, implicature, imply, inapplicable, induplicate, induplication, inexplicable, multiplicand, multiplication, multiplicative, nonexploitation, nonpliant, plait, pleat, pliable, pliancy, pliant, plié, ploy, ply, quadruplicate, reapply, reduplication, replica, replicable, replicant, replicate, replication, replicator, reply, subduplicate, triplicate
plōrōplor-plorav-plorat- –deplorable, deplore, implore
poliōpol-poliv-polit-smoothenexpolish, impolite, interpolate, interpolation, polish, polite, politesse, politure
pōnōpōn-posu-posit-putadposition, antepone, anteposition, apposite, apposition, appositional, appositive, circumposition, component, composite, composition, compositional, compositor, contraposition, contrapositive, decomposition, depone, deponent, deposit, deposition, depositional, depositor, depository, dispone, disposition, dispositional, dispositive, entrepôt, expone, exponent, exponential, exponentiation, exponible, exposit, exposition, expositional, expositive, expositor, expository, impone, imponent, imposition, impostor, indisposition, interpone, interponent, interposition, juxtaposit, juxtaposition, juxtapositional, oppone, opponent, opposite, opposition, oppositional, oppositive, posit, position, positional, positive, positure, postpone, postposition, postpositional, postpositive, posture, preposition, prepositional, prepositive, prepositor, prepositure, propone, proponent, proposition, propositional, recomposition, reimposition, repone, reposit, reposition, repository, seposit, seposition, superimposition, superposition, supposition, suppositional, suppositive, suppositor, suppository, transposition, transpositional, transpositive
portōport-portav-portat-carryapport, comport, comportable, comportance, comportation, comportment, deport, deportable, deportation, disport, export, exportable, exportation, import, importable, importance, important, importation, insupportable, nonportable, portability, portable, portage, portamento, portance, portative, porterage, proport, purport, rapport, rapporteur, reexport, reimport, reimportation, report, reportable, reportage, reportative, sport, support, supportable, transport, transportable, transportation
pōtōpōt-potav-potat-drinkcompotation, compotator, perpotation, potability, potable, potation, potion
precorprec-precat- –prayapprecation, deprecable, deprecate, deprecation, imprecate, imprecation, pray, prayer, precarious, precation, precatory
prehendōprehend-
prend-
prehend-prehens-
prens-
graspapprehend, apprehension, apprehensive, apprentice, apprisal, apprise, comprehend, comprehensible, comprehension, comprehensive, comprisal, comprise, deprehend, emprise, enterprise, entrepreneur, impregnable, impresa, impresario, imprison, imprisonment, inapprehension, incomprehensible, incomprehension, incomprehensive, pregnable, prehend, prehensile, prehensility, prehension, prise, prison, purprise, reprehend, reprehensible, reprieve, reprisal, reprise, surprise
premō
-primō
prem-
-prim-
press-press-press, pushappress, appressorium, compress, compressible, compression, compressional, compressive, compressor, counterpressure, decompress, decompression, depress, depression, depressive, depressor, espresso, express, expressible, expression, expressional, expressive, expressivity, expressor, impress, impressible, impression, impressionable, impressional, impressive, impressor, imprimatur, imprimatura, imprint, incompressibility, incompressible, inexpressible, inexpressive, irrepressible, oppress, oppressible, oppression, oppressive, oppressor, preprint, press, pressure, print, repress, repressible, repression, repressive, repressor, reprimand, reprint, subexpression, suppress, suppressant, suppression, suppressor, surprint, transrepression
pressōpress-pressav-pressat-
pugnōpugn-pugnav-pugnat-fightimpugn, impugnable, impugnation, pugnacious, repugn, repugnance, repugnant
pungōpung-pupug-punct-prickappoint, appointee, appointive, appointment, bipunctate, bipunctual, compunction, contrapuntal, counterpoint, demi-pointe, disappoint, disappointment, dispunge, expunction, expunge, impunctate, impunctual, inexpungible, multipoint, poignant, point, pointe, punctate, punctatim, punctation, punctator, punctiform, punctilio, punction, punctual, punctuality, punctuation, puncture, pungency, pungent, puntilla, puntillero, punto, reappoint, reappointment, tripoint
punctōpunct-punctav-punctat-
putōput-putav-putat-prune, thinkaccount, accountable, accountancy, accountant, amputate, amputation, computable, computation, compute, count, countable, deputable, depute, deputy, discount, disputable, disputant, disputation, disputative, dispute, disreputable, disrepute, imputable, imputation, imputative, impute, indisputable, irreputable, nonimputable, putamen, putaminous, putative, raconteur, recount, reputable, reputation, repute, supputate, supputation, suppute
putreōputr- – –be rottenputredinous, putrefacient, putrefaction, putrefactive, putrefy, putresce, putrescence, putrescent, putrescible, putrescine, putrid, putridity, putrilage, putrilaginous
putrescōputresc- – –
quaerō
-quirō
quaer-
-quir-
quaesiv-quaesit-
-quisit-
search, seekacquire, acquisition, exquire, exquisite, inquest, inquire, inquisitive, perquisite, query, quest
quatiō
-cutiō
quat-
-cut-
 –quass-
-cuss-
shakecassate, cassation, concussion, conquassate, decussation, discuss, discussion, discussive, discutient, percussion, percussive, percussor, quash, quassation, recussion, repercussion, rescue, squash, squassation, succussion, succussive
quassōquass-quassav-quassat-
querorquer-quest- –complainquarrel, querent, querimony, querulous
queritorquerit-- –
rādōrād-ras-ras-scrape, shaveabrade, abrasion, abrasive, corrade, corrasion, erase, erasure, radula, radular
ranceōranc- – –be rottenrancid, rancor
rapiō
-ripiō
rap-
-rip-
rapu-rapt-
-rept-
arreption, arreptitious, rapacious, rapacity, rape, rapid, rapidity, rapine, rapt, raptio, raptor, rapture, rapturous, raptus, ravish, subreption, subreptitious, surreptitious
regō
-rigō
reg-
-rig-
rex-rect-keep straightadroit, alert, arrect, bidirectional, bidirectionality, biregular, correct, correction, correctional, corrective, corrigendum, corrigent, corrigibility, corrigible, counterinsurgency, counterinsurgent, derail, derailleur, derailment, derecho, deregulate, deregulation, direct, direction, directional, directionality, directive, director, directorate, directorial, directory, directress, directrix, dirigible, erect, erection, erector, experrection, incorrect, incorrigibility, incorrigible, indirect, indirection, insurgency, insurgent, insurrection, interregional, irregular, irregularity, maladroit, multidirectional, porrect, porrection, rail, rectal, rectification, rectilinear, rection, rectitude, rectitudinous, rector, rectorate, rectory, rectress, rectricial, rectrix, rectum, redirect, regency, regent, regime, regimen, regiment, regimental, regimentation, region, regional, regle, regula, regular, regularity, regulate, regulation, regulator, regulatory, resource, resurge, resurgence, resurgent, resurrect, resurrection, semiregular, source, subrector, subrectory, subregent, subregion, subregional, surge, unidirectional, viceregent
rēpōrēp-reps-rēpt-crawl, creepobreption, obreptitious, reptation, reptile, reptilian
reptōrept-reptav-reptat-
rideōrid-ris-ris-laugh, smilearride, deride, derision, derisive, irrisible, irrision, ridicule, ridiculous, risibility, risible
rigeōrig- – –be stiffde rigueur, rigid, rigor
rodōrod-ros-ros-gnawcorrode, corrosion, corrosive, erode, erosion, noncorrosive, rodent, rodenticide
rogōrog-rogav-rogat-askabrogate, abrogation, derogate, derogatory, interrogate, interrogation, interrogative, interrogator, interrogatory, obrogate, obrogation, prorogatio, prorogation, rogatio, rogation, rogatory, subrogate, subrogation, surrogacy, surrogate
rumpōrump-rup-rupt-break, burstabrupt, corrupt, corruption, corruptor, disrupt, disruption, disruptive, erumpent, erupt, eruption, eruptive, interrupt, interruption, irrupt, irruption, irruptive, noneruptive, reroute, rout, route, rupture
saliō
-siliō
sal-
-sil-
salu-
-silu-
salt-jumpassail, assault, desultory, exult, exultant, exultation, insult, insultation, irresilient, resile, resilience, resiliency, resilient, result, resultant, salient, saltant
saltōsalt-
-sult-
saltav-saltat-
-sultat-
scandō
-scendō
scand-
-scend-
scand-scans-
-scens-
climbascend, ascension, condescension, descend, descent, scansion, transcend, transcendental
scīōsci-sciv-scit-knowconscience, nescience, omniscience, plebiscite, prescient, science
scrībōscrīb-scrips-scrīpt-writeascribe, circumscribe, conscription, describe, description, descriptive, descriptor, indescribable, inscribe, inscription, nondescript, postscript, prescribe, prescription, prescriptive, proscribe, proscription, proscriptive, scribble, scribe, script, scriptural, scripture, scrivener, subscribe, subscript, subscription, superscript, transcribe, transcript, transcription
secōsec-secu-sect-cutbisect, bisection, bisector, bisectrix, dissect, dissection, insect, intersect, intersection, intersectionality, prosect, prosector, resection, secant, sectile, section, sectional, sector, sectorial, segment, subsection, subsector, subsegment, suprasegmental, transect, transection, trisectrix, vivisection
sedeō
-sideō
sede-
-side-
sed-sess-sitdissident, insidious, nonresident, obsession, obsessive, preside, presidium, reside, resident, sedentary, sediment, sessile, session, subside, supersede, supersession
sedōsed-sedav-sedat-sedate, sedation, sedative
sentiōsenti-sens-sens-feelassent, consensual, consensus, consent, dissension, dissent, insensate, nonsense, resent, resentment, scent, sensate, sensation, sensational, sense, sensibility, sensible, sensor, sensual, sentence, sentient, sentiment, sentimental, sentimentality
sequorsequ-secut- –followassecution, consecutive, consequence, consequent, consequential, demisuit, ensuant, ensue, execute, execution, executive, executor, extrinsic, inconsequential, insequent, intrinsic, non sequitur, nonconsecutive, nonsequential, obsequence, obsequent, obsequious, persecute, persecution, persecutor, prosecute, prosecution, prosecutor, prosecutorial, prosecutory, prosecutive, pursual, pursuance, pursuant, pursue, pursuit, pursuivant, resequent, second, secondary, secundine, segue, sequacious, sequacity, sequel, sequela, sequence, sequent, sequential, sequitur, suant, subsecute, subsecutive, subsequent, sue, suit, suitability, suitable, suite, suitor
sectorsect-sectat- –
serōser-seru-sert-assert, assertion, desert, desertion, desertrix, insert, insertion, serial, series
serpōserp-serps-serpt-crawlserpent
serviōserv-serviv-servit-servedeserve, servile, servitude, subservience, subservient
servōserv-servav-servat-saveconservable, conservation, conservative, conservator, conservatory, conserve, observable, observance, observant, observation, observational, observative, observator, observatory, observe, preservable, preservation, preservative, preserve, reservable, reservance, reservation, reservative, reserve
sistōsist-stet-stat-cause to standabsist, assist, consist, consistency, consistent, desist, exist, existence, existent, inconsistent, insist, insistence, insistent, irresistible, nonexistent, persist, persistence, persistent, resist, resistible, subsist, subsistence, subsistent
solvōsolv-solv-solut-loosenabsolute, absolution, absolutive, absolutory, absolve, dissolute, dissolution, dissolve, insolubility, insoluble, insolvency, insolvent, irresolute, resolute, resolution, resolve, resolvent, solubility, soluble, solute, solution, solve, solvency, solvend, solvent
sordeōsord-sordu- –be dirtysordes, sordid
spargōsparg-
-sperg-
spars-spars-
-spers-
scatteraspersion, dispersal, disperse, dispersion, sparse
speciō
-spiciō
spec-
-spic-
spex-spect-lookaspect, aspectual, auspices, auspicious, circumspect, circumspection, circumspective, conspecific, conspectus, conspicuous, disrespect, expect, expectancy, expectant, expectation, inauspicious, incircumspect, inconspicuous, inspect, inspection, inspector, interspecific, introspection, introspective, irrespective, nonspecific, perspective, perspicacious, perspicuity, perspicuous, prospect, prospective, prospector, prospectus, respect, respectable, respective, retrospection, retrospective, special, speciality, speciation, specie, species, specific, specification, specificity, specimen, speciosity, specious, spectacle, spectacular, spectator, spectral, spectrum, specular, speculate, speculation, speculative, speculator, speculatory, speculum, subspecies
spectōspect-spectav-spectat-
spirōspir-spirav-spirat-breatheaspiration, aspire, conspiracy, conspirator, conspiratorial, conspire, inspiration, inspirational, inspire, perspiration, perspire, preaspiration, respiration, respirator, respiratory, spiracle
splendeōsplend-splendu- –resplendent, splendent, splendid, splendiferous, splendor
spondeōspond-spopond-spons-promisecorrespond, correspondence, correspondent, despond, despondency, despondent, espousage, espousal, espouse, irresponsible, nonresponsive, respond, respondence, respondent, response, responsibility, responsible, responsive, sponsal, sponsion, sponsional, sponsor, spousal, spouse
sponsōspons-sponsav-sponsat-
squaleōsqual-squalu- –squalid, squalor
statuō
-stituō
statu-
-stitu-
statu-
-stitu-
statut-
-stitut-
cause to standconstituency, constituent, constitute, constitution, constitutional, destitute, destitution, institute, institution, institutional, prostitute, prostitution, reconstitute, restitution, statuary, statue, statuette, statute, statutory, substituent, substitute, substitution
staurōstaur-staurav-staurat-instaurate, instauration, instaure, restaurant, restoration, restorative
sternōstern-strav-strat-spread, strewprostrate, prostration, stratus, stratum, substratum
stōst-stet-stat-standantestature, circumstance, circumstant, circumstantial, circumstantiality, constable, constancy, constant, consubstantial, consubstantiality, consubstantiation, contrast, contrastable, disestablish, distance, distant, establish, establishment, estate, extant, inconstancy, inconstant, instability, instance, instancy, instant, instate, instatement, insubstantial, presto, reinstate, reinstatement, restate, restatement, stabile, stability, stable, stage, stamen, stamina, staminal, stance, stanchion, stanza, statant, statary, state, statement, station, stationary, stative, stator, stature, status, stet, substance, substantial, substantiality, substantiate, substantiation, substantive, substation, transubstantiate, transubstantiation
stringōstring-strinx-strict-squeezeastrict, astriction, astrictive, astringe, astringency, astringent, constrain, constraint, constrict, constriction, constrictive, constrictor, constringe, constringency, constringent, distrain, distraint, distress, district, restrain, restraint, restrict, restriction, restrictive, restrictor, restringe, restringency, restringent, strain, strict, stricture, stringency, stringent
struōstru-strux-struct-construct, constructible, construction, constructive, constructor, construe, destroy, destruction, destructive, destructor, indestructible, infrastructure, instruct, instruction, instructive, instructor, instrument, instrumental, obstruct, obstruent, obstruction, structural, structure, superstructure
studeōstud-studu- –étude, student, studio, studious, study
stupeōstup-stupu- –be stunnedstupefaction, stupendous, stupid, stupidity, stupor, stuporous
suadeōsuad-suas-suas-dissuade, dissuasion, persuade, persuasion, persuasive
sumes-fu-futur-beabsence, absent, adessive, antessive, disinterest, essence, essential, essive, exessive, future, futurity, inessive, interest, presence, present, subessive
sūmōsum-sumps-sumpt-takeassume, assumption, assumptive, consume, consumption, consumptive, insume, presume, presumption, presumptive, presumptuous, resume, resumption, resumptive, subsume, subsumption
suōsu-su-sūt-sewassument, sutile, suture
taceōtac-
-tic-
tacu-tacit-keep silentreticence, reticent, tacit, taciturn, taciturnity
tangō
-tingō
tang-
-ting-
tetig-
-tig-
tact-touchattain, attainment, contact, contingency, contingent, intact, intangible, integral, pertingent, tactile, tangent, tangental, tangential, tangible
tegōteg-tex-tect-covercontection, detect, detection, detective, detector, integument, obtect, protect, protection, protective, protector, protectorate, protégé, tectrix, tectum, tegmen, tegmental, tegula, tegular, tegument, tile, toga
tendōtend-tetend-tens-stretchattend, attent, attentive, contend, distend, distension, extend, extensible, extension, extensor, extent, inattentive, intend, intense, intension, intensional, intensity, intensive, intent, ostensible, ostension, ostensory, portend, portension, portent, pretend, pretense, pretension, subtend, tendency, tendentious, tense, tensible, tensile, tension, tensure
teneō
-tineō
ten-
-tin-
tenu-
-tinu-
tent-have, holdabstain, abstention, abstinence, abstinent, appertain, appertinent, appurtenance, appurtenant, contain, content, continence, continent, continental, contratenor, countenance, detain, detention, discontent, entertain, entertainment, impertinent, incontinence, incontinent, intenible, maintain, maintenance, malcontent, obtain, pertain, pertinacious, pertinacity, pertinence, pertinent, retain, retainer, retention, retentive, retinue, sustain, sustenance, tenacious, tenacity, tenet, tenor, tenure
tentōtent-tentav-tentat-ostentation, ostentatious, tentacle, tentation, tentative
tergeōterg-ters-ters-wipedetergent, terse
terōter-triv-trit-rub, wearattrition, contrite, contrition, detriment, detrimental, detrital, detrition, detritivore, detritus, trite
texōtex-texu-text-weavecontext, contextual, pretext, subtext, text, textile, textual, texture
timeōtim-timu- –be afraidtimidity, timorous
tinniōtinn-tinniv-tinnit-ringtinnitus
torqueōtorqu-tors-tort-twistcontort, contortion, detortion, distort, distortion, extort, extortion, retort, torque, torsade, torse, tort, tortillon, tortrix, torture
torreōtorr-torru-tost-torrent, torrential, torrid
trahōtrah-trax-tract-drag, drawabstract, abstraction, abstractive, attract, attractant, attraction, attractive, attractor, contract, contraction, contractional, contractive, contractor, contrahent, detract, detraction, detractive, detractor, distract, distraction, distractive, distrait, extract, extraction, extractive, extractor, intractable, portrait, portraiture, portray, portrayal, protractor, retract, retraction, retractor, subtract, subtraction, subtractive, subtractor, subtrahend, tract, tractable, tractate, tractation, tractator, tractile, traction, tractional, tractor, trait
tractōtract-
-trect-
tractav-tractat-
-trectat-
trudōtrud-trus-trus-thrustabstrude, abstruse, abstrusion, detrude, detrusion, extrude, extrusible, extrusion, extrusive, intrude, intrusion, intrusive, obtrude, obtrusion, obtrusive, protrude, protrudent, protrusion, protrusive, retrude, retruse, retrusion
tueortu-tut-, tuit- –intuition, intuitive, tuition, tutelage, tutor
tumeōtum-tumu- –be swollendetumescence, tumescent, tumid, tumidity, tumor
turgeōturg- – –turgid, turgidity, turgor
umeōum- – –be moisthumid, humidify, humidity, humidor
urōur-uss-ust-burnadustion, urn
utorut-us- –useabuse, abusive, disabuse, disuse, perusal, peruse, use, usufruct, usure, usurp, usury, utility
vacōvac-vacav-vacat-be emptyvacancy, vacant, vacate, vacation
vadōvad-vas-vas-goevade, evasion, evasive, invade, invasion, invasive, pervasive
valeōval-valu-valit-be strongambivalence, ambivalent, avail, countervail, invalid, prevail, prevalence, prevalent, valence, valid, validity, valor
vehōveh-vex-vect-carryadvection, convection, convective, convex, invective, inveigh, transvection, vector, vehicle, vehicular
vellōvell-vuls-vuls-avulsion, convulse, convulsion, convulsive, revulsion
veniōven-ven-vent-comeadvene, advent, adventist, adventitious, adventure, avenue, circumvent, circumvention, contravene, contravention, convene, convenience, convenient, convent, conventicle, convention, conventional, coven, covenant, event, eventual, eventuality, inconvenience, inconvenient, intervene, intervention, invent, invention, inventive, inventory, nonintervention, obvention, prevene, prevent, prevention, preventive, provenience, reconvene, venture, venue
vereorver-verit- –irreverent, revere, reverence, reverend, reverent, reverential
vergōverg- – –converge, convergence, convergent, diverge, divergence, divergent, vergence
vertōvert-vert-vers-turnadversarial, adversary, adversative, adverse, adversion, adversity, advert, advertent, animadversion, animadvert, anteversion, antevert, aversation, averse, aversion, avert, avertible, contraversion, controversial, controversy, controvert, conversant, conversation, conversational, converse, conversion, convert, convertibility, convertible, diverse, diversion, diversionary, diversity, divert, divertible, divorce, everse, eversible, eversion, eversive, evert, extrorse, extroversion, extrovert, inadvertent, incontrovertible, indivertible, interconversion, interconvert, interconvertible, intervert, introrse, introversion, introversive, introvert, inverse, inversion, invert, invertible, irreversible, multiverse, nonconvertible, nonuniversal, obversant, obverse, obversion, obvert, perverse, perversion, perversity, pervert, pervertibility, pervertible, reconversion, reconvert, reconvertible, reversal, reverse, reversible, reversion, reversionary, reversive, revert, revertent, revertibility, revertible, subversion, subversionary, subversive, subvert, subvertible, transverse, traversal, traverse, universal, universality, universe, university, varsity, versable, versant, versatile, versatility, verse, versicle, versicular, versification, versificator, version, verso, versus, versute, vertebra, vertebral, vertebrate, vertex, vertical, vertiginous, vertigo
versōvers-versav-versat-
videōvid-vid-vis-seeadvice, advisable, advise, advisement, advisor, advisory, envisage, envisagement, envision, evidence, evident, evidential, evidentiality, evidentiary, improvidence, improvident, improvisation, improvisational, improvisator, improvisatory, improvise, imprudence, imprudent, inevident, interview, invisible, nonvisual, preview, provide, providence, provident, provision, provisional, provisionality, proviso, provisory, prudence, prudent, prudential, purvey, purveyance, purveyor, purview, review, supervision, supervisor, supervisory, survey, surveyor, video, view, vis-à-vis, visa, visage, visibility, visible, vision, visionary, visitation, visor, vista, visual, voila, voyeur
visitōvisit-visitav-visitat-
vidōvid-vis-vis-divide, dividend, divisibility, divisible, division, divisional, divisive, divisor, individual, individuality, indivisible
vincōvinc-vic-vict-conquer, winconvict, conviction, convince, convincible, evict, eviction, evince, inconvincible, invincible, pervicacious, vanquish, victor, victorious, victory
vitōvit-vitav-vitat-shunevitable, evitation, evite, inevitability, inevitable
vivōviv-vix-vict-liveconvivial, conviviality, revival, revive, survival, survive, survivor, viand, victual, viva, vivace, vivacious, vivacity, vivandière, vivant, vivarium, vivid, vivific, vivification, vivisepulture
vocōvoc-vocav-vocat-calladvocacy, advocate, advocation, advocator, advocatory, advoke, advowson, avocation, avouch, avow, avowal, convocation, equivocate, equivocation, evocative, evoke, invocation, invoke, provocation, provocative, provoke, revocation, revoke, vocation, vouch, vouchee, voucher, vouchsafe
volōvol-volav-volat-flyavolation, circumvolant, circumvolation, nonvolatile, volatile, volatility, volitant, volitation
volitōvolit-volitav-volitat-
volōvell-volu- –wishbenevolence, benevolent, involuntary, malevolence, malevolent, volitient, volition, volitional, volitive, voluntary, volunteer
volvōvolv-volv-volūt-rolladvolution, circumvolute, circumvolution, circumvolve, convolute, convolution, convolutionary, convolve, devolute, devolution, devolutionary, devolve, devolvement, evolute, evolution, evolutionary, evolve, evolvent, involucrum, involute, involution, involve, involvement, revoluble, revolute, revolution, revolutionary, revolve, vault, volte, volte-face, voltigeur, volubility, voluble, volume, voluminous, voussoir
vorōvor-vorav-vorat-swallowcarnivore, devour, omnivore, omnivorous, voracious, voracity, voraginous
voveōvov-vov-vot-vowdevote, devotion, devotional, devout, votary, vote, votive, vow

FrequentativeInchoative

Prepositions and other words used to form compound words[edit]

Latin prepositions and other words
WordMeaningPrefixes
ā, abaway fromab-, a-, abs-, as-
adto, towardad-, a-, ac-, af-, ag-, al-, ap-, ar-, at-
ambobothambi-, am-, amb-
antebeforeante-, anti-
bistwicebi-, bis-
circumaroundcircum-
cisthis side ofcis-
contrāagainst, opposite tocontra-, contro-
cumtogether, withcon-, co-, col-, com-, cor-
down fromde-
dexterright, to the right handdextro-
dis-apartdis-, di-, dif-, dir-
ex, ēfrom, out ofex-, e-, ef-
extrāoutsideextra-, extro-
inin, intoin-, il-, im-, ir-
īnfrābelowinfra-
interamong, betweeninter-, intel-
intrāwithinintra-, intro-
iuxtābesidejuxta-
multusmuch, manymulti-
nenone-, neg-
nonnotnon-
ob, obstoward, against, in the way of, by reason ofob-, o-, oc-, of-, og-, op-, os-
paenealmost, nearlypen-
perthorough, throughper-, pel-
postafter, behindpost-
praebeforepre-
praeterby, pastpreter-
prōfor, forth, in front ofpro-, pol-, por-, prod-
re-again, backre-, red-
retrobackwardsretro-
apart, withoutse-, sed-
subfrom below, undersub-, su-, suc-, suf-, sug-, sum-, sup-, sur-, sus-
subterbeneathsubter-
superabove, oversuper-
suprāabove, more thansupra-
trānsacrosstrans-, tra-, tran-
ultrābeyondultra-
ve-outve-

See also[edit]

References[edit]