Lancaster, New York

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Lancaster
Town
Warren Hull House Aug 10.JPG
The Warren Hull House, located at the intersection of Genesee St., and Pavement Rd. in the Town of Lancaster. It is the oldest surviving stone structure in Erie County, built in 1810.
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
CountyErie County
Elevation712 ft (217 m)
Coordinates42°54′22″N 78°38′02″W / 42.90611°N 78.63389°W / 42.90611; -78.63389
Area37.9 sq mi (98.2 km2)
 - land37.8 sq mi (98 km2)
 - water0.1 sq mi (0 km2), 0.26%
Population41,604 (2010)
Incorporated1833
Town SupervisorDino Fudoli (R)
TimezoneEST (UTC-5)
 - summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code14086 14043
Area code716
FIPS code36-41135
GNIS feature ID0955014
Location of Lancaster in Erie County
Location of Lancaster in New York
Website: www.erie.gov/lancaster/
 
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Coordinates: 42°54′22″N 78°38′02″W / 42.90611°N 78.63389°W / 42.90611; -78.63389
Lancaster
Town
Warren Hull House Aug 10.JPG
The Warren Hull House, located at the intersection of Genesee St., and Pavement Rd. in the Town of Lancaster. It is the oldest surviving stone structure in Erie County, built in 1810.
CountryUnited States
StateNew York
CountyErie County
Elevation712 ft (217 m)
Coordinates42°54′22″N 78°38′02″W / 42.90611°N 78.63389°W / 42.90611; -78.63389
Area37.9 sq mi (98.2 km2)
 - land37.8 sq mi (98 km2)
 - water0.1 sq mi (0 km2), 0.26%
Population41,604 (2010)
Incorporated1833
Town SupervisorDino Fudoli (R)
TimezoneEST (UTC-5)
 - summer (DST)EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code14086 14043
Area code716
FIPS code36-41135
GNIS feature ID0955014
Location of Lancaster in Erie County
Location of Lancaster in New York
Website: www.erie.gov/lancaster/

Lancaster is a town in Erie County, New York, USA, located a short distance east of Buffalo. As of the 2010 census, the town population was 41,604.

Located within the Town of Lancaster is a village, also called Lancaster, and the eastern half of the Village of Depew. The western half of Depew lies within the Town of Cheektowaga.

The current Town Supervisor is Dino Fudoli.

History[edit]

In 1803, the Holland Land Company sold its first plot of land in the future town. The Town of Lancaster was formed from the Town of Clarence, New York in 1833. The town was named after Lancaster, Massachusetts, but the reason for applying this name is not known. Originally called Cayuga Creek, the town later incorporated and obtained the current name.

Lancaster contains the oldest stone structure in Erie County, the Warren Hull House. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1992.[1] Also located within the town is the Gipple cabin, the oldest wooden structure in Erie County. The cabin is located on private land just south of the northern town line. The "Gipple" Cabin was dismantled in the fall of 2013 and relocated to the Hull House property for future preservation. The Lancaster District School No. 6 was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2008.[1]

In 1857, the southern half of the town was taken to form the Town of Elma.

Once known as a small town with a small town atmosphere, Lancaster has, in recent years, evolved into a suburban community. Beginning in early 1990s, the town entered a period of rapid growth, with much development in the southern and eastern parts of the town. The William Street Intermediate school opened in the southern part of town in the mid-1990s and in 2003, the town and village police departments merged. Additions to the middle school and the William Street School to accommodate rising enrollment were finished in 2005.

Lancaster High School is the largest school in both school population and square feet in Erie County. With over 2,000 students, the building was expanded twice. First in 1970 and in 2000, a field house was added. In 2003, the high school opened up a new wing to house natural sciences classrooms.

Some of the town's biggest events are held in the Village of Lancaster. They are the Fourth of July Parade, and the Taste of Lancaster, a restaurant festival and charity fundraiser.[2] The Lancaster/Depew high school football game is held in October. The game dates back to 1919.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 37.9 square miles (98.2 km²), of which 37.8 square miles (98.0 km²) is land and 0.1 square mile (0.2 km²) (0.16%) is water.

The town is located on the northern and eastern side of Erie County and is east of the city of Buffalo.

Much of Lancaster is highly suburbanized, but the eastern section of the town, notably the area east of County Route 242 (Bowen Road), is only starting to undergo development, retaining a somewhat-rural character.

The western town line is marked by NY 78 and, south of NY 130, US 20. The New York State Thruway (Interstate 90) crosses the northern part of the town. NY 33 crosses the town immediately south of the Thruway, and US 20 crosses the central part of the town.

Adjacent towns and areas[edit]

The Town of Clarence is to the north, and the Town of Elma is to the south. The Town of Alden is to the east, and the Town of Cheektowaga is to the west.

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[3] of 2000, there were 39,019 people, 15,053 households, and 10,506 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,031.1 people per square mile (398.1/km²). There were 15,627 housing units at an average density of 413.0 per square mile (159.5/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 98.00% White, 0.81% Black or African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.39% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.12% from other races, and 0.50% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.67% of the population.

There were 15,053 households out of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.3% were married couples living together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.2% were non-families. 26.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.55 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the town the population was spread out with 25.1% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 22.8% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 93.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.1 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $48,990, and the median income for a family was $59,712. Males had a median income of $41,501 versus $28,049 for females. The per capita income for the town was $21,723. About 2.5% of families and 3.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.6% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.

Locations[edit]

The town's biggest areas include the Village of Lancaster, half the Village of Depew, and the two largest hamlets, Town Line and Bowmansville. The town also contains other smaller communities and hamlets.

Streams and waterways:

Parks and recreation[edit]

The Town and Village of Lancaster contain the following parks:

Historical buildings[edit]

The Town of Lancaster contains several historical buildings, Listed on the National Register of Historic Places. The buildings include the Warren Hull House, the Lancaster District School No. 6, and many of the Village of Lancaster's Multiple Property Submission properties, including the Bruce-Briggs Brick Block, Clark-Lester House, DePew Lodge No. 823, Free and Accepted Masons, US Post Office-Lancaster, Lancaster Municipal Building, Liebler-Rohl Gasoline Station, Miller-Mackey House, Dr. John J. Nowak House, Herman B. VanPeyma House, John Richardson House, Zuidema-Idsardi House and the John P. Sommers House. The twelve latter properties are located within the Village of Lancaster.

The US Post Office-Depew, which is located on The Town of Lancaster's side of The Village of Depew is technically in the Town of Lancaster, so it is included on the list of historic sites.

In 2001, VFW Post 7275 was named in honor of Medal of Honor recipient Lt. Col. Matt Urban.

Education[edit]

The town is home to Lancaster High School, four operating elementary schools; Como Park, Court Street, Hillview, John A. Sciole (which is actually located on the Cheektowaga side of the Village of Depew), and the former Central Avenue Elementary School. It also includes the William Street Intermediate School (4th, 5th and 6th grades), and the historic Lancaster Middle School (formerly named Aurora Middle School), which was the town's high school prior to the construction of the current one in 1953. They are all part of the Lancaster Central School District. There are also a number of private schools, including St. Mary's High School, St. Mary's on the Hill Elementary, and Our Lady of Pompeii Elementary.

The Lancaster Central School District is the largest school district in population, in Erie County with one high school. The district serves most of the town and village, including a large majority of the northern part of the Village of Depew, on both the Lancaster and Cheektowaga sides. The Depew Union Free School District serves most of the southern part of the Village of Depew, and almost none of the Town and/or Village of Lancaster.

Fire, Police and Emergency Medical Services[edit]

The Town of Lancaster is served by four volunteer fire companies. The fire companies are the Bowmansville Volunteer Fire Association, Town Line Fire Department, Twin District Fire Company, and Millgrove Volunteer Fire Department. Bomansville has 2 fire stations, Town Line has 2 fire stations, Twin District and Millgrove each run out of 1 respective station. Two of the fire companies are located within their respective hamlets, Bowmansville and Town Line. All four town companies respond to all alarms of fire along with requests for EMS.

The Millgrove Fire Company is actually not located in the Town of Lancaster. Millgrove is a hamlet in the Town of Alden, but because the small hamlet of Millgrove is so close to the northeastern portion of the Town of Lancaster, the fire company serves a very small portion of the town.

The Lancaster Village Fire Department serves the Village of Lancaster, with two stations. The main station located in the Lancaster Municipal Building and the Northside Station Two on West Drullard Avenue. The LFD does not respond to EMS calls, except when requested for calls such as MVA's, lift assists, etc.;

The Lancaster Police Department serves the public good for the Town & Village of Lancaster. Prior to the 21st Century, the town & village each had their own separate police departments. It was the first major consolidation in Western New York of law enforcement. The LPD operates with roughly 43 officers, which includes road patrol, bike team, school resource officer, Detective Bureau, and the police tactical team, the ERT (Emergency Response Team). The Lancaster Police Department operates out of the Lancaster Town Center, located at 525 Pavement Road. It was site of a former United States Army Nike Base, where the Police still operate out of the former administration building. Currently, a new Town Center/Police Building is being constructed at the site and set to open at the beginning of December 2013.

The Lancaster Volunteer Ambulance Corps responds to all requests for EMS in the Town & Village of Lancaster, along with the Village of Depew. Lancaster Ambulance is centrally located at 40 Embry Place within the Village limits but covers the entire area with a fleet of 6 ambulances and 1 fly car. Lancaster Ambulance is a combination staffed EMS agency, which has Career EMT's, AEMT's, & Paramedics on duty 24/7/365 insuring quick responses to all medical calls within the ambulance district. Average yearly call volume is over 4,000 calls and increasing.

Notable people[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Media[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  2. ^ "2011 Lancaster Village Special Events Series :". Lancaster Village, NY. Retrieved 2011-07-11. 
  3. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ beenews.com
  5. ^ buffalonews.com
  6. ^ metroowny.com

External links[edit]