Lanai City, Hawaii

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Lanai City, Hawaii
CDP
Location in Maui County and the state of Hawaii
Coordinates: 20°49′39″N 156°55′19″W / 20.82750°N 156.92194°W / 20.82750; -156.92194Coordinates: 20°49′39″N 156°55′19″W / 20.82750°N 156.92194°W / 20.82750; -156.92194
CountryUnited States
StateHawaii
CountyMaui
Area
 • Total6.9 sq mi (17.9 km2)
 • Land6.9 sq mi (17.9 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation1,644 ft (501 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total3,102
 • Density450/sq mi (170/km2)
Time zoneHawaii-Aleutian (UTC-10)
ZIP code96763
Area code(s)808
FIPS code15-43700
GNIS feature ID0361713
 
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Lanai City, Hawaii
CDP
Location in Maui County and the state of Hawaii
Coordinates: 20°49′39″N 156°55′19″W / 20.82750°N 156.92194°W / 20.82750; -156.92194Coordinates: 20°49′39″N 156°55′19″W / 20.82750°N 156.92194°W / 20.82750; -156.92194
CountryUnited States
StateHawaii
CountyMaui
Area
 • Total6.9 sq mi (17.9 km2)
 • Land6.9 sq mi (17.9 km2)
 • Water0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation1,644 ft (501 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total3,102
 • Density450/sq mi (170/km2)
Time zoneHawaii-Aleutian (UTC-10)
ZIP code96763
Area code(s)808
FIPS code15-43700
GNIS feature ID0361713

Lanai City is a census-designated place (CDP) on the island of Lanai, in Maui County, Hawaii, United States. The population was 3,102 at the 2010 census.[1] Because of the island of Lanai's small population, Lanai City functions as the island's main commerce and business area. Many of the island's restaurants and shops can be found in the town square that surrounds Dole Park.

In April 2009, Lanai City was named one of the most endangered historic sites in the U.S. It is home to an intact plantation town, something not found on any of the other Hawaiian Islands, dating back to the early 1920s. This historic district is threatened by commercial development, which would involve the demolition of a number of historic buildings.[2]

Lanai City is served by Lanai Airport (LNY).

Geography and climate[edit]

Lanai City is located at 20°49′39″N 156°55′19″W / 20.82750°N 156.92194°W / 20.82750; -156.92194 (20.827574, −156.921912).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 6.9 square miles (17.9 km2), all land.[4]

Lanai City experiences a tropical savanna climate (Köppen classification As) with a mostly dry summer season. The average temperature in January is almost cold enough to qualify this climate as a warm form of a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification Csa). An average monthly temperature of 18 °C is the lower limit for tropical climate classification.

Climate data for Lanai City
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)82
(28)
82
(28)
86
(30)
87
(31)
86
(30)
86
(30)
86
(30)
87
(31)
89
(32)
92
(33)
85
(29)
85
(29)
92
(33)
Average high °F (°C)72.0
(22.2)
72.8
(22.7)
72.9
(22.7)
73.7
(23.2)
74.7
(23.7)
76.2
(24.6)
76.8
(24.9)
78.1
(25.6)
78.5
(25.8)
77.4
(25.2)
75.8
(24.3)
73.6
(23.1)
75.21
(24)
Daily mean °F (°C)65.9
(18.8)
66.0
(18.9)
66.6
(19.2)
67.5
(19.7)
68.4
(20.2)
70.2
(21.2)
71.1
(21.7)
72.1
(22.3)
72.2
(22.3)
71.2
(21.8)
69.7
(20.9)
67.5
(19.7)
69.03
(20.56)
Average low °F (°C)59.7
(15.4)
59.2
(15.1)
60.3
(15.7)
61.3
(16.3)
62.1
(16.7)
64.2
(17.9)
65.3
(18.5)
66.1
(18.9)
65.8
(18.8)
64.9
(18.3)
63.6
(17.6)
61.3
(16.3)
62.82
(17.13)
Record low °F (°C)48
(9)
47
(8)
49
(9)
49
(9)
52
(11)
49
(9)
49
(9)
49
(9)
47
(8)
49
(9)
52
(11)
48
(9)
47
(8)
Rainfall inches (mm)5.05
(128.3)
4.06
(103.1)
2.88
(73.2)
2.60
(66)
2.17
(55.1)
1.61
(40.9)
1.66
(42.2)
1.40
(35.6)
2.09
(53.1)
2.51
(63.8)
3.14
(79.8)
4.39
(111.5)
33.56
(852.4)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 0.01 in)7.76.27.13.82.01.12.41.42.42.86.57.851.2
Source: NOAA/NCDC,[5] Weatherbase [6]
Street sign near Dole Park
Dole Park

History[edit]

Lanai was once the home of the pineapple plantation of entrepreneur James Drummond Dole, which spanned over 81 square kilometres (20,000 acres) and employed thousands of workers. Dole owned the entire island for a time, and in the 1920s built Lanai City to house and serve the community of workers.[7]

The corporation Castle & Cooke, which owns the Dole Food Company had intended in 2009 to demolish much of what remains of the historic district, including homes, a laundromat, and a jailhouse all dating back to the 1920s, in order to build new commercial structures. The development would have included a supermarket described by the National Trust for Historic Preservation as "oversized" and "out-of-scale".[7]

However, in June 2012, Castle & Cooke sold its island possessions (totaling 98% of the island) to billionaire Larry Ellison for an undisclosed sum.[8]

Demographics[edit]

As of the census[9] of 2000, there were 3,164 people, 1,148 households, and 796 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 885.5 people per square mile (342.2/km²). There were 1,343 housing units at an average density of 375.9 per square mile (145.2/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 13.24% White, 0.13% African American, 0.38% Native American, 58.09% Asian, 7.02% Pacific Islander, 0.32% from other races, and 20.83% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 7.74% of the population.

There were 1,148 households out of which 34.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.7% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.6% were non-families. 25.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.33.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 28.0% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 28.3% from 25 to 44, 21.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females there were 101.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.6 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $43,271, and the median income for a family was $49,209. Males had a median income of $29,800 versus $27,065 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $18,668. About 8.5% of families and 9.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.2% of those under age 18 and 11.9% of those age 65 or over.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Lanai City CDP, Hawaii". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 29, 2011. 
  2. ^ 11 sites make new list of 'endangered historic places', at CNN.com
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Lanai City CDP, Hawaii". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved December 29, 2011. 
  5. ^ "Monthly Normals for Lanai City". NOAA. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  6. ^ "Historical Weather for Lanai City, Hawaii, United States of America". Weatherbase. Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  7. ^ a b "Lāna'i City." National Trust for Historic Preservation. 2009. Accessed 5 May 2009.
  8. ^ "Oracle founder Larry Ellison buying Hawaiian island of Lanai". Los Angeles Times. June 22, 2012. Retrieved July 10, 2012. 
  9. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.