Lamoni, Iowa

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Lamoni, Iowa
City
Graceland Administration Building
Graceland Administration Building
Location of Lamoni, Iowa
Location of Lamoni, Iowa
Coordinates: 40°37′21″N 93°56′1″W / 40.62250°N 93.93361°W / 40.62250; -93.93361Coordinates: 40°37′21″N 93°56′1″W / 40.62250°N 93.93361°W / 40.62250; -93.93361
CountryUnited States
State Iowa
CountyDecatur
Area[1]
 • Total3.44 sq mi (8.91 km2)
 • Land3.34 sq mi (8.65 km2)
 • Water0.10 sq mi (0.26 km2)
Elevation1,125 ft (343 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total2,324
 • Estimate (2012[3])2,336
 • Density695.8/sq mi (268.6/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code50140
Area code(s)641
FIPS code19-42960
GNIS feature ID0458214
 
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Lamoni, Iowa
City
Graceland Administration Building
Graceland Administration Building
Location of Lamoni, Iowa
Location of Lamoni, Iowa
Coordinates: 40°37′21″N 93°56′1″W / 40.62250°N 93.93361°W / 40.62250; -93.93361Coordinates: 40°37′21″N 93°56′1″W / 40.62250°N 93.93361°W / 40.62250; -93.93361
CountryUnited States
State Iowa
CountyDecatur
Area[1]
 • Total3.44 sq mi (8.91 km2)
 • Land3.34 sq mi (8.65 km2)
 • Water0.10 sq mi (0.26 km2)
Elevation1,125 ft (343 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total2,324
 • Estimate (2012[3])2,336
 • Density695.8/sq mi (268.6/km2)
Time zoneCentral (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST)CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code50140
Area code(s)641
FIPS code19-42960
GNIS feature ID0458214

Lamoni is a city in Decatur County, Iowa, United States. The population was 2,324 at the 2010 census. Lamoni is the home of Graceland University, affiliated with the Community of Christ and was the church's headquarters from 1880 to 1920 when it moved to Independence, Missouri..

History[edit]

The Lamoni area was first settled in 1834 to 1840 by people who thought they were settling in slave-owning Missouri. It was only after the Sullivan Line separating Missouri and Iowa was formally surveyed when Iowa became a state in 1846 that they realized they were in non-slave owning Iowa.[4]

In 1851 refugees from the Hungarian Revolution of 1848 sought to settle the area and form the community of New Buda (named for a neighborhood of Budapest). However, their efforts did not result in a significant settlement.[4]

Joseph Smith III in 1870 authorized the Order of Enoch to purchase over three thousand acres (12 km²) to form a Church of Christ community. Smith lived in Liberty Hall which is now a museum.[5]

The city was named after Lamoni, a king mentioned in the Book of Mormon.

Lamoni, which is just north of the Missouri border, was chosen because of its good farmland and because of its being about 100 miles north of Temple Lot which is an important Biblical location of church teachings. The Mormons had been evicted from Temple Lot and Missouri in the Mormon War (1838).[6]

Members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints under Brigham Young had passed through the community in 1846 staying at nearby Garden Grove, Iowa while en route from Nauvoo, Illinois (where they had settled after being evicted from Missouri) to Salt Lake City, Utah.[4]

The town was formally platted adjacent to newly laid tracks of the Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad in 1879. By 1900 its population had grown to 1,500.[6]

Smith, who was in a deepening schism with Brigham Young and the Utah branch, moved with church headquarters from Plano, Illinois in 1880.[6]

In 1895 the church founded Graceland University in Lamoni.

After the Smith family moved to Independence to the area near Temple Lot in 1916, Liberty Hall served as a home for the aged, a farmhouse, CCC Headquarters, and a private residence before becoming the museum it is today.

Charles Hyde and David Vredenburg, members of the church and affiliated with the church owned General Supply Company which owned Lamoni mills, hardware and grocery stores started a grocery store chain called the Supply Store in 1930 which in turn became Hy-Vee (from their two names). Lamoni remained the company's headquarters until 1945 when it moved to Chariton, Iowa.[7]

Lamoni area has a sizable Amish community. Businesses are typically not open on Sundays.[8]

Geography[edit]

Lamoni is located at 40°37′21″N 93°56′1″W / 40.62250°N 93.93361°W / 40.62250; -93.93361 (40.622563, -93.933739).[9] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 3.44 square miles (8.91 km2), of which, 3.34 square miles (8.65 km2) is land and 0.10 square miles (0.26 km2) is water.[1]

Climate[edit]

Lamoni has a humid continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dfa).

Climate data for Lamoni
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °F (°C)31
(−1)
37
(3)
49
(9)
61
(16)
72
(22)
82
(28)
87
(31)
85
(29)
77
(25)
64
(18)
48
(9)
35
(2)
61
(16)
Average low °F (°C)12
(−11)
17
(−8)
28
(−2)
38
(3)
51
(11)
60
(16)
65
(18)
63
(17)
53
(12)
41
(5)
28
(−2)
17
(−8)
39
(4)
Precipitation inches (mm)1.01
(25.7)
1.42
(36.1)
2.67
(67.8)
3.85
(97.8)
4.92
(125)
4.26
(108.2)
4.93
(125.2)
4.52
(114.8)
4.34
(110.2)
3.29
(83.6)
2.64
(67.1)
1.52
(38.6)
39.37
(1,000)
Source: Weather Channel[10]

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
YearPop.  ±%  
19001,540—    
19101,541+0.1%
19201,787+16.0%
19301,739−2.7%
19401,567−9.9%
19502,196+40.1%
19602,173−1.0%
19702,540+16.9%
19802,705+6.5%
19902,319−14.3%
20002,444+5.4%
20102,324−4.9%
Source:"American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.  and Iowa Data Center

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[11] of 2010, there were 2,324 people, 770 households, and 427 families residing in the city. The population density was 723.6 people per square mile (279.4/km²). There were 927 housing units at an average density of 288.7 per square mile (111.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 88.6% White, 5.7% African American, 0.6% Native American, 1.1% Asian, 0.7% Pacific Islander, 1.1% from other races, and 2.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 4.5% of the population.

There were 770 households of which 24% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.7% were married couples living together, 9.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 44.5% were non-families. 32.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.84.

27.8% were under the age of 20, 25.6% from 20 to 24, 11.9% from 25 to 44, 15.8% from 45 to 64, and 15.5% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23.5 years. For every 100 females there were 98.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.9 males.[12]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 2,444 people, 818 households, and 428 families residing in the city. The population density was 761.1 people per square mile (294.0/km²). There were 904 housing units at an average density of 281.5 per square mile (108.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 91.86% White, 2.95% African American, 0.16% Native American, 1.60% Asian, 0.41% Pacific Islander, 0.82% from other races, and 2.21% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.78% of the population.

There were 818 households out of which 21.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.7% were married couples living together, 5.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.6% were non-families. 36.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.14 and the average family size was 2.84.

15.1% were under the age of 18, 39.6% from 18 to 24, 13.9% from 25 to 44, 15.6% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 23 years. For every 100 females there were 93.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $42,083, and the median income for a family was $53,363. Males had a median income of $37,700 versus $26,563 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,279. About 6.9% of families and 15.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.2% of those under age 18 and 9.2% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-23. 
  4. ^ a b c "History of Lamoni | Lamoni IA". Retrieved 2013-05-18. 
  5. ^ "Lamoni, Iowa, Rlds Church History Tour Page". Jwha.info. 2003-05-10. Retrieved 2013-05-18. 
  6. ^ a b c "Chapter7rev2". Welcometobibleverses.org. Retrieved 2013-05-18. 
  7. ^ http://www.hy-vee.com/webres/File/Lamoni_Years.pdf
  8. ^ business
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ Average weather for Lamoni Weather Channel Retrieved 2008-04-08
  11. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ "Link to data". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. 

External links[edit]