Lakeview, Oregon

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Lakeview, Oregon
—  City  —
Downtown Lakeview
Nickname(s): The Tallest Town in Oregon
Location in Lake County and Oregon
Coordinates: 42°11′20″N 120°20′45″W / 42.18889°N 120.34583°W / 42.18889; -120.34583Coordinates: 42°11′20″N 120°20′45″W / 42.18889°N 120.34583°W / 42.18889; -120.34583
CountryUnited States
StateOregon
CountyLake
Incorporated1889
Government
 • MayorMike Patrick
Area
 • Total2.3 sq mi (6 km2)
Elevation4,802 ft (1,463.6 m)
Population (2010[1])
 • Total2,294
 • Density984/sq mi (380/km2)
Time zonePacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code97630
Area code(s)541
FIPS code41-40700[2]
GNIS feature ID1144791[3]
Websitewww.lakevieworegon.org
 
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Lakeview, Oregon
—  City  —
Downtown Lakeview
Nickname(s): The Tallest Town in Oregon
Location in Lake County and Oregon
Coordinates: 42°11′20″N 120°20′45″W / 42.18889°N 120.34583°W / 42.18889; -120.34583Coordinates: 42°11′20″N 120°20′45″W / 42.18889°N 120.34583°W / 42.18889; -120.34583
CountryUnited States
StateOregon
CountyLake
Incorporated1889
Government
 • MayorMike Patrick
Area
 • Total2.3 sq mi (6 km2)
Elevation4,802 ft (1,463.6 m)
Population (2010[1])
 • Total2,294
 • Density984/sq mi (380/km2)
Time zonePacific (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)Pacific (UTC-7)
ZIP code97630
Area code(s)541
FIPS code41-40700[2]
GNIS feature ID1144791[3]
Websitewww.lakevieworegon.org

Lakeview is a city in Lake County, Oregon, United States. The population was 2,294 at the 2010 census.[1] It is the county seat of Lake County.[4] Although it is an incorporated city, the municipal government refers to the community as "The Town of Lakeview", and bills itself as "Tallest Town in Oregon" because of its elevation.[5][6] Lakeview is situated in the Goose Lake Valley at the foot of the Warner Mountains and at the edge of the Southeastern Oregon high desert.

Contents

History

Native American artifacts in Lake County have been dated back to 9,000 years ago.[7] White traders, explorers and military expeditions arrived in the 1800s.[8] The first white outpost in Lake County was Fort Warner on August 10, 1866, built in the area where the Hart Mountain Antelope Refuge is located. The main reason for establishing the fort was to protect white settlers from the native people of the region.[9] General George Crook was active in the area and established camps in the area and fought native Americans.[8] The area around Lakeview was also home to Irish and some Basque sheepherders [10][11] who were later displaced by cattle ranchers.

The first community established in the Goose Lake Valley was New Pine Creek in 1869, with a post office established December 8, 1876. Lake County, created from parts of Jackson and Wasco counties in 1875, originally included what became Klamath in 1882. The original county seat was in Linkville (Klamath Falls), but was later moved to Lakeview.[12] In 1900 a fire swept through Lakeview destroying 75 businesses. The town was rebuilt in 1901 using brick and corrugated iron roofs. In 1906 a second fire threatened the community, but was contained to a few buildings and homes. A third fire in 1916 consumed most of the homes that had escaped the first two fires.[9]

Geography

At an elevation of 4,800 feet (1,500 m), Lakeview is one of the highest cities in Oregon.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2), of which 1.6 square miles (4.1 km2) is land and 0.64% is water.

Climate

The city averages about 35 rainy days per year, 12 days with high temperatures of 90 °F (32 °C) or higher, and 167 days with low temperatures below freezing. The average temperature in January is 27 °F (−3 °C), and in July it is 67 °F (19 °C). Annual snowfall averages 54 inches (137 cm).[13]

Climate data for Lakeview, Oregon
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °F (°C)37
(3)
40
(4)
47
(8)
57
(14)
65
(18)
74
(23)
85
(29)
84
(29)
74
(23)
63
(17)
49
(9)
40
(4)
60
(16)
Average low °F (°C)18
(−8)
21
(−6)
25
(−4)
31
(−1)
36
(2)
43
(6)
49
(9)
47
(8)
40
(4)
33
(1)
26
(−3)
20
(−7)
32
(0)
Precipitation inches (mm)1.9
(48)
1.8
(46)
1.5
(38)
1.1
(28)
1.4
(36)
1.1
(28)
0.3
(8)
0.2
(5)
0.6
(15)
1
(25)
1.6
(41)
1.8
(46)
14.3
(363)
Source: Weatherbase [13]

Demographics

The Lake County Courthouse in Lakeview

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 2,474 people, 1,037 households, and 695 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,582.7 people per square mile (612.3/km²). There were 1,220 housing units at an average density of 780.5 per square mile (302.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 91.47% White, 0.04% African American, 2.47% Native American, 0.93% Asian, 0.16% Pacific Islander, 3.07% from other races, and 1.86% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.86% of the population.

There were 1,037 households out of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.3% were married couples living together, 9.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.9% were non-families. 30.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.4% under the age of 18, 5.0% from 18 to 24, 24.1% from 25 to 44, 25.9% from 45 to 64, and 19.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 94.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.8 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,960, and the median income for a family was $38,953. Males had a median income of $31,958 versus $22,198 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,649. About 14.3% of families and 15.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.1% of those under age 18 and 13.3% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

Lakeview has several schools, a hospital, a sawmill, a perlite mine and agriculture. Economic development plans including a prison that opened in 2005 have been controversial.[14] Lakeview is home to two uranium mines, White King and Lucky Lass, that operated from 1955 to the mid-1960s. In 1995 the mines were declared Superfund sites.[15]

Hot water geyser, Old Perpetual, located at Hunter's Hot Springs in Lakeview.

Lakeview also markets itself as part of the "Oregon Outback" and is working to attract more tourist dollars from outdoors enthusiasts, sportsmen and wildlife enthusiasts. Attractions include: fishing, birdwatching, camping, hang gliding, paragliding, hiking, rockhounding, hunting, wildlife and wildflowers.[16]

Lakeview is known as one of the best places in North America for hang gliding and paragliding and was designated "the Hang Gliding Capital of the West" in 1991. The National Championships for Hang Gliding were held in Lakeview in 1993, 1997, 2000, and 2008, while the National Championships for Paragliding were held in Lakeview in 1998 and 2007.[17] And for at least the past twenty years, Lakeview has hosted the "Umpteenth Annual Festival of Free Flight" over the Fourth of July holiday weekend, sponsored by the Lake County Chamber of Commerce, and various local businesses. This event draws pilots and families from all over the United States, as well as other countries, for hang gliding and paragliding.

Lakeview is also known for the hot water geyser, Old Perpetual, located at Hunter's Hot Springs. The geyser has not erupted since June 2009, possibly in part because of controversial nearby geothermal development by the Town of Lakeview to supply the Warner Creek Correctional Facility with water for heating.,[18] Additional development of the site for geothermal power generation purposes may further threaten the hot springs.[19] However, that is not known to be the actual cause of Old Perpetual not erupting.[citation needed]

Education

Lakeview High School, the only high school in the city, is part of the Lakeview School District and serves 255 students in grades 9 through 12.

Numerous students from high schools in Lake County have attended college on scholarships provided in trust by pioneer physician Bernard Daly. Known as the Bernard Daly Educational Fund, the funds have helped over 1600 Lake County students to attend college. Daly was a medical doctor, rancher, banker and politician. Daly was associated with an act of frontier heroism that occurred when a fire broke out during a Christmas program at the isolated Oregon town of Silver Lake in December, 1894. Rancher Ed O'Farrell rode to Lakeview some 100 miles (160 km) away in sub-zero temperatures to fetch Daly. The ride took 19 hours with O'Farrell stopping at ranches along the way to change horses. Daly and driver William Duncan made the return trip to Silver Lake in 13 hours using a buggy. A total of 43 people died in the fire, which was the worst fire in Oregon history.[20]

Transportation

Lakeview is located on U.S. Route 395 and Oregon Route 140. It is some 96 mi (154 km) from the passenger train station in Klamath Falls, Oregon. The Lake County Railroad serves the city, but does not provide passenger service. This railroad was operated by the Great Western Railway of Colorado, and later by the county, but operations were transferred to the Modoc Northern Railroad.

Notable people

References

  1. ^ a b "2010 Census profiles: Oregon cities alphabetically H-L" (PDF). Portland State University Population Research Center. http://www.pdx.edu/sites/www.pdx.edu.prc/files/2010_PL94_cities_H-L_updated.pdf. Retrieved November 21, 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. http://geonames.usgs.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. http://www.naco.org/Counties/Pages/FindACounty.aspx. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ [1]
  6. ^ The State of Oregon does not recognize towns as a legal entity. See List of cities and unincorporated communities in Oregon.
  7. ^ http://arcweb.sos.state.or.us/pages/records/local/county/lake/hist.html
  8. ^ a b http://www.lakecountymuseum.com/Local%20History/timeline.html
  9. ^ a b http://www.lakecountychamber.org/facts/index.html
  10. ^ http://www.heraldandnews.com/articles/2008/10/12/news/diversions/doc48d2fbf09b840436604006.txt
  11. ^ http://www.irishsheepherders.com/index.html
  12. ^ "Lakeview and Lake County, Oregon: Quick Facts". Lake County Chamber of Commerce. http://www.lakecountychamber.org/facts/index.html. Retrieved May 17, 2010. 
  13. ^ a b "Weatherbase: Weather for Lakeview, Oregon, United States of America". Weatherbase. 2007. http://www.weatherbase.com/weather/weather.php3?s=98527&refer=. Retrieved September 9, 2007. 
  14. ^ http://portland.indymedia.org/en/2004/11/302535.shtml
  15. ^ http://yosemite.epa.gov/R10/CLEANUP.NSF/sites/WhiteKing
  16. ^ http://www.oregonsoutback.com/towns/index.html
  17. ^ http://www.cascadeparaglidingclub.org/pages/lakeview.php
  18. ^ Preusch, Matthew (February 21, 2010). "Lakeview's iconic geyser seems to be running out of steam. But why?". The Oregonian. http://www.oregonlive.com/environment/index.ssf/2010/02/lakeviews_iconic_geyser_seems.html. Retrieved 22 February 2010.
  19. ^ http://www.eere.energy.gov/golden/PDFs/ReadingRoom/NEPA/Lakeview_Scoping_Letter_general-final%20signed.pdf
  20. ^ Cooper, Forest E., Introducing Dr. Daly, Lake County Historical Society, Maverick Publications: Bend, Oregon, 1986

External links