Lake Skadar

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Lake Skadar
Lake Shkodër
Lake Scutari
Lac de Shkodra.jpg
Coordinates42°10′N 19°19′E / 42.167°N 19.317°E / 42.167; 19.317Coordinates: 42°10′N 19°19′E / 42.167°N 19.317°E / 42.167; 19.317
Primary inflowsMorača
Primary outflowsBojana
Basin countries Albania
 Montenegro
Max. length48 km (30 mi)
Max. width14 km (8.7 mi)
Surface area370 km² – 530 km²
Max. depth44 m (144 ft)
Surface elevation6 m (20 ft)
References
Designated:2 February 2006
 
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Lake Skadar
Lake Shkodër
Lake Scutari
Lac de Shkodra.jpg
Coordinates42°10′N 19°19′E / 42.167°N 19.317°E / 42.167; 19.317Coordinates: 42°10′N 19°19′E / 42.167°N 19.317°E / 42.167; 19.317
Primary inflowsMorača
Primary outflowsBojana
Basin countries Albania
 Montenegro
Max. length48 km (30 mi)
Max. width14 km (8.7 mi)
Surface area370 km² – 530 km²
Max. depth44 m (144 ft)
Surface elevation6 m (20 ft)
References
Designated:2 February 2006

Lake Skadar (Albanian: Liqeni i Shkodrës, pronounced [liˈcɛni i ˈʃkɔdrəs]; Montenegrin and Serbian: Скадарско језеро, Skadarsko jezero, pronounced [skâdarskɔː jɛ̂zɛrɔ]) — also called Lake Scutari, Lake Shkodër and Lake Shkodra — lies on the border of Montenegro with Albania, the largest lake in the Balkan Peninsula. It is named after the city of Shkodra in northern Albania (Albanian: Shkodra or Shkodër, Serbian: Скадар, Skadar, Italian: Scutari).

Geography[edit]

The lake's surface, 6 m (20 ft) above sea level, can vary between 370 km2 (140 sq mi) and 530 km2 (200 sq mi), of which 2/3 is in Montenegro. The lake is a cryptodepression, filled by the river Morača and drained into the Adriatic by the 41 km (25 mi) long Bojana (Albanian: Buna), which forms the international border on the lower half of its length. There are additionally some fresh water sources at the lake bottom. Some small islands like Beška, with two churches on it and Grmožur, a former fortress and prison can be found on the southwest side of the lake.

Lake Skadar National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Lake Skadar.png
Lake Shkodra and surrounding area
LocationAlbania, Montenegro
Area400 km2 (150 sq mi) (40.000 ha)
Established1983

The Montenegrin part of the lake and its surrounding area were declared a national park in 1983. The Albanian part has been designated as a Managed Nature Reserve. In 1996, by Ramsar Convention on Wetlands, it was included in the Ramsar list of wetlands of international importance.[1]

Fauna[edit]

Lake Skadar is one of the largest bird reserves in Europe, having 270 bird species, among which are some of the last pelicans in Europe, and thus popular with birders. The lake also contains habitats of seagulls and herons and is abundant in fish, especially in carp, bleak and eel. Of the 34 native fish species, 7 are endemic to Lake Skadar.[2]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ramsar (August 4, 2010). "The list of wetlands of international importance" (in English and Spanish). Ramsar. p. 5. Retrieved 14 August 2010. 
  2. ^ Talevski, Milošević, Marić, Petrović, Talevska and Talevska (2009). Biodiversity of Ichtyofauna from Lake Prespa, Lake Ohrid and Lake Skadar. Biotechnology & Biotechnological Equipment 23(2). ISSN 1310-2818

External links[edit]