Lake County, California

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County of Lake
County
Clear Lake, the dominant geographic feature in Lake County

Seal
Location in the state of California
California's location in the United States
Country United States
State California
Incorporated1861
Named forClear Lake
County seatLakeport
Area
 • Total1,329.48 sq mi (3,443.3 km2)
 • Land1,257.96 sq mi (3,258.1 km2)
 • Water71.52 sq mi (185.2 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total64,665
 • Density51/sq mi (20/km2)
Time zonePacific Standard Time (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)Pacific Daylight Time (UTC-7)
Websitewww.co.lake.ca.us
 
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County of Lake
County
Clear Lake, the dominant geographic feature in Lake County

Seal
Location in the state of California
California's location in the United States
Country United States
State California
Incorporated1861
Named forClear Lake
County seatLakeport
Area
 • Total1,329.48 sq mi (3,443.3 km2)
 • Land1,257.96 sq mi (3,258.1 km2)
 • Water71.52 sq mi (185.2 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total64,665
 • Density51/sq mi (20/km2)
Time zonePacific Standard Time (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST)Pacific Daylight Time (UTC-7)
Websitewww.co.lake.ca.us

Lake County is a county located in the north central portion of the U.S. state of California, north of the San Francisco Bay Area. It takes its name from Clear Lake, the dominant geographic feature in the county and the largest natural lake wholly within California (Lake Tahoe is partially in Nevada). As of the 2010 census, the population was 64,665, up from 58,309 at the 2000 census. The county seat is Lakeport.

History

Lake County was formed in 1861 from parts of Napa and Mendocino counties, but the area had settlers from at least the 1840s. Lake County has long been known as a farming community. Vineyards were planted in the 1870s. By the early 20th century the area was earning a reputation for producing some of the world's greatest wines. However, in 1920, Prohibition ended Lake County's wine production. Most of the vineyards were ripped out and replanted with walnut and pear farms.

A re-emergence of the wine industry began in the 1960s when a few growers rediscovered the area's grape growing potential and began planting vineyards. The area went from fewer than 100 acres (0.4 km2) of grapevines in 1965 to over 8,800 acres (36 km2) of vineyards today, and has seen the recent establishment of several American Viticultural Areas such as High Valley AVA and Red Hills Lake County AVA. Many of the vineyards in Lake County today support sustainable farming practices.

Geography and environment

Spring time in the vineyards

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 1,329.48 square miles (3,443.3 km2), of which 1,257.96 square miles (3,258.1 km2) (94.62%) is land and 71.52 square miles (185.2 km2) (5.38%) is water.[1] A number of watercourses drain the county, including Cache Creek, Forbes Creek, and Scotts Creek.

Clear Lake is believed to be the oldest lake in North America, due to a geological fluke. The lake sits on a huge block of stone which slowly tilts in the northern direction at the same rate as the lake fills in with sediment, thus keeping the water at roughly the same depth. The geology of the county is chaotic, being based on Franciscan Assemblage hills. Numerous small faults are present in the south end of the lake as well as many old volcanoes, the largest being Cobb Mountain. The geologic history of the county shows events of great violence, such as the eruption of Mount Konocti and Mount St. Helena and the collapse of Cow Mountain, which created the hills around the county seat of Lakeport. Blue Lakes, Lake Pillsbury, and Indian Valley Reservoir are the county's other major bodies of water.

Lake County has habitats for a variety of species of concern including the uncommon herb, Legenere limosa, the rare Eryngium constancei, and the tule elk. Waterfowl, bear, and other wildlife abound in the Clear Lake basin.

Due to its hilly terrain, Lake is the only one of California's 58 counties never to have been served by a railroad line.

Cities and towns

Only two cities in Lake County are incorporated.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

State protected areas

Mineral Springs

In the late nineteenth century, the worldwide popularity of mineral water for the relief of a myriad physical aliments resulted in the development of mineral resorts around Clear Lake.[2]

Transportation infrastructure

Major highways

There are also several numbered county routes in Lake County.

Public transportation

Lake Transit serves all areas around Clear Lake, with most service focused on the city of Clearlake. Connections are also provided to St. Helena (Napa County) and Ukiah (Mendocino County).

Airports

Lampson Field is the county's public airport. There are also several private airstrips located throughout the county.

Crime

The following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense.

Cities by population and crime rates

Demographics

2011

Places by population, race, and income

2010

Historical populations
CensusPop.
18702,969
18806,596122.2%
18907,1017.7%
19006,017−15.3%
19105,526−8.2%
19205,402−2.2%
19307,16632.7%
19408,06912.6%
195011,48142.3%
196013,78620.1%
197019,54841.8%
198036,36686.0%
199050,63139.2%
200058,30915.2%
201064,66510.9%
Est. 201263,983−1.1%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]
2012 Estimate[15]

The 2010 United States Census reported that Lake County had a population of 64,665. The racial makeup of Lake County was 52,033 (80.5%) White, 1,232 (1.9%) African American, 2,049 (3.2%) Native American, 724 (1.1%) Asian, 108 (0.2%) Pacific Islander, 5,455 (8.4%) from other races, and 3,064 (4.7%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11,088 persons (17.1%).[16]

2005

There were a total of 34,031 homes in Lake County in 2005. This county has gone through a growth in housing units, adding a sum of 1,414 residential structures since 2001, a change of 4.3 percent. Lake County ranks 978 of 3,141, compared to change in residential structure growth in counties throughout the Unities States.

Lake County had a median home value in the year 2005 of $255,300, according to the American Community Survey. This median is less than the overall California 2005 home median value of $477,700 and greater than median home value of $167,500 for the rest of the nation in that year. In 2005, the American Community Survey reported that 14.4% of Lake County's owner-occupied dwellings are valued over a half a million dollars.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.1% under the age of 18, 6.0% from 18 to 24, 23.6% from 25 to 44, 26.8% from 45 to 64, and 19.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 97.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.7 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $49,627, and the median income for a family was $55,818. Males had a median income of $45,771 versus $44,026 for females. The per capita income for the county was $43,825. About 6.9% of families and 4.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 22.8% of those under age 18 and 7.3% of those age 65 or over. (Source: U.S. Census Bureau)

The recent sharp increase in per capita income can be directly linked to those people who have recently relocated to Lake County and telecommute to their jobs in the Bay Area. In addition, real estate values have risen due to a boom from 2003 to 2006, caused by Bay Area residents' discovery that Lake County residential real estate was lower in cost than that in adjacent Napa, Sonoma and Mendocino counties.

Within Lake County are two incorporated cities, the county seat of Lakeport and Clearlake, the largest city, and the communities of Kelseyville, Blue Lakes, Clearlake Oaks, Clearlake Park, Cobb, Finley, Glenhaven, Hidden Valley Lake, Clearlake Riviera, Loch Lomond, Lower Lake, Lucerne, Middletown, Nice, Spring Valley, Upper Lake, Whispering Pines, and Witter Springs.

The income of residents of the county varies widely. The county is the largest employer thus far, followed by large retailers such as Wal-Mart, Safeway, and Kmart. Several franchised retailers have recently entered the county (up 28% since 2003) and have created a diverse employment environment. Employment statistics continue to improve, again supported by the influx of Bay Area relocations and the benefit of telecommuting. Lake County is mostly agricultural, with tourist facilities and some light industry. Major crops include pears, walnuts and, increasingly, wine grapes.

2000

According to official estimates based on the 2000 Census, 30% of housing units in Lake County were mobile homes.[17] This was the highest percentage of any California county.[18]

Politics

Voter registration statistics

Cities by population and voter registration

Overview

Lake County vote
by party in presidential elections
YearGOPDEMOthers
201239.8% 6,47456.3% 9,1593.9% 641
200838.9% 9,93558.2% 14,8543.3% 840
200444.9% 11,09353.2% 13,1412.8% 1,089
200041.6% 8,69951.2% 10,7177.2% 1,503
199635.0% 7,45848.9% 10,43216.1% 3,445
199228.8% 6,67845.4% 10,54825.8% 5,987
198848.0% 9,36650.4% 9,8281.6% 308
198454.8% 10,87443.6% 8,6481.6% 309
198053.6% 8,93435.9% 5,97810.5% 1,742
197644.5 5,46251.9% 6,3743.7% 449
197255.1% 6,47740.1% 4,7154.8% 558
196849.0% 4,46441.5% 3,7779.6% 870
196443.6% 3,61656.4% 4,6800.1% 6
196058.7% 4,17640.8% 2,8970.5% 36
195664.8% 4,07334.8% 2,1850.4% 24
195267.5% 4,36731.5% 2,0381.0% 63
194857.3% 3,05437.5% 1,9995.3% 280
194455.0% 2,05944.6% 1,6710.4% 16
194053.4% 2,21545.7% 1,8970.9% 39
193648.7% 1,79749.8% 1,8371.4% 53
193234.8% 1,30162.6% 2,3442.6% 99
192865.4% 1,82033.3% 9261.4% 38
192444.9% 79514.8% 26140.3% 713
192057.2% 99332.9% 5719.9% 171

Lake County leans Democratic in Presidential and congressional elections. The last Republican to win a majority in the county was Ronald Reagan in 1984.

Lake County is split between California's 3rd and 5th congressional districts, represented by John Garamendi (DWalnut Grove) and Mike Thompson (DSt. Helena), respectively.[20]

In the state legislature, Lake is part of the 4th Assembly district and the 2nd Senate district.

On November 4, 2008, Lake County voted 52.6% for Proposition 8, which amended the California Constitution to ban same-sex marriages.[21]

Famous people

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Only larceny-theft cases involving property over $400 in value are reported as property crimes.
  2. ^ Other = Some other race + Two or more races
  3. ^ Native American = Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander + American Indian or Alaska Native
  4. ^ a b Percentage of registered voters with respect to total population. Percentages of party members with respect to registered voters follow.

Notes

  1. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  2. ^ a b Sanderson, Marcia (2005). Lake County. Charlston, South Carolina: Arcadia Publishing. pp. 39–52. ISBN 978-0-7385-3030-7. 
  3. ^ "LAKE COUNTY HISTORY". Retrieved September 8, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "Lake County History Timeline". Retrieved September 8, 2012. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B02001. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Office of the Attorney General, Department of Justice, State of California. Table 11: Crimes – 2009. Retrieved 2013-11-14.
  7. ^ a b c United States Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation. Crime in the United States, 2012, Table 8 (California). Retrieved 2013-11-14.
  8. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B03003. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  9. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19301. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  10. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19013. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  11. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19113. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  12. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  13. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B01003. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  14. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  15. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 2, 2013. 
  16. ^ "2010 Census P.L. 94-171 Summary File Data". United States Census Bureau. 
  17. ^ U.S. Department of Commerce
  18. ^ U.S. Department of Commerce
  19. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q California Secretary of State. February 10, 2013 - Report of Registration. Retrieved 2013-10-31.
  20. ^ "California's 3rd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 1, 2013. 
  21. ^ California Secretary of State: "Statement of Vote for November 4, 2008, General Election", page 62.

External links

Coordinates: 39°05′N 122°46′W / 39.09°N 122.76°W / 39.09; -122.76