Lake Cascade

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - View original article

Lake Cascade
Cascade-dam-id-us.png
Cascade Dam
Lake Cascade is located in Idaho
Location in Idaho
CountryUnited States
LocationValley County, Idaho
Coordinates44°31′26″N 116°03′04″W / 44.524°N 116.051°W / 44.524; -116.051Coordinates: 44°31′26″N 116°03′04″W / 44.524°N 116.051°W / 44.524; -116.051[1]
PurposeWater storage
Construction began1942, 1946
Opening date1948
Owner(s)U.S. Bureau of Reclamation
Dam and spillways
Type of damZoned earthfill
Height107 ft (33 m)
Length785 ft (239 m)
Base width  45 ft (14 m)
ImpoundsN. Fork Payette River
Reservoir
CreatesLake Cascade
Capacity693,100 acre feet (854,900,000 m3)
Catchment area620 sq mi (1,610 km2).
Surface area47 sq mi (122 km2)
Normal elevation4,828 ft (1,472 m)
 
Jump to: navigation, search
Lake Cascade
Cascade-dam-id-us.png
Cascade Dam
Lake Cascade is located in Idaho
Location in Idaho
CountryUnited States
LocationValley County, Idaho
Coordinates44°31′26″N 116°03′04″W / 44.524°N 116.051°W / 44.524; -116.051Coordinates: 44°31′26″N 116°03′04″W / 44.524°N 116.051°W / 44.524; -116.051[1]
PurposeWater storage
Construction began1942, 1946
Opening date1948
Owner(s)U.S. Bureau of Reclamation
Dam and spillways
Type of damZoned earthfill
Height107 ft (33 m)
Length785 ft (239 m)
Base width  45 ft (14 m)
ImpoundsN. Fork Payette River
Reservoir
CreatesLake Cascade
Capacity693,100 acre feet (854,900,000 m3)
Catchment area620 sq mi (1,610 km2).
Surface area47 sq mi (122 km2)
Normal elevation4,828 ft (1,472 m)

Lake Cascade (formerly "Cascade Reservoir",[2] also formerly known as Payette Lake "The Mile High Playground" [3]) is a reservoir in the western United States, on the North Fork of the Payette River in Valley County, Idaho. Located in the Boise National Forest, it has a surface area of 47 square miles (122 km2), and is the fourth largest lake or reservoir in the state. The closest cities are Cascade, Donnelly, and McCall, all in the Long Valley of Valley County.

Following a delay due to World War II, the earthen dam was built by the Bureau of Reclamation, and completed in 1948.[4] The term "Lake Cascade" came into common use in the 1990s, with the federal name change made in 1999.[2]

Recreation[edit]

The lake contains perch, trout, smallmouth bass, Kokanee, and Coho salmon for anglers and there is a winter ice fishing beautiful season. Lake Cascade State Park has several units around the lake.

Sport fish restoration[edit]

In 2003 the Idaho Department of Fish and Game (IDFG) proposed draining Lake Cascade to facilitate the removal of pikeminnow and the addition of sport fish, such as perch. Pikeminnows are a problem in Lake Cascade because they are predators that live up to 15 years and compete for food stocks.[5] Issues involved in mitigating damage during the lowering of the lake level include maintaining an adequate supply for irrigation, providing a steady stream for power, maintaining salmon flow augmentation, and other water rights. The U.S. Bureau of Reclamation manages the reservoir and estimated the draining could take place over the course of a year at a cost of $100,000 to $300,000.[6] The U. S. Bureau of Reclamation withdrew its application for an Environmental Impact Statement studying the drawdown citing “that the draining of Lake Cascade is not a viable option for sport fish restoration.”[7]

Water quality[edit]

The lake experienced a bloom of blue-green algae in 1993 caused by low water, high phosphorus content, and hot weather. Studies of water quality found phosphorus to be present in high levels which contributed to the algal bloom. Beginning in 1995, the water quality was monitored and an improvement plan was implemented to lower the phosphorus by 37 percent. By 2003 the lake had 57 percent less phosphorus than the initial monitoring in 1995 due to the best management practices adopted in the drainage basin of the lake.[8]

Tamarack Resort[edit]

The defunct Tamarack Resort (2004–09) is located on the west shore of the reservoir, southwest of Donnelly. Shuttered in March 2009, its golf course and ski area remain in use, with limited operations.

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Lake Cascade
  2. ^ a b Dalrymple, Helen (February 2000). "What's in a Name? The Work of the Domestic Names Committee". U.S. Library of Congress. Information Bulletin. Retrieved March 2, 2013. 
  3. ^ Barber, Floyd (1956). Idaho in the Pacific Northwest. Caldwell, Idaho: The Caxton Printers, Ltd. p. 311. 
  4. ^ Cascade Dam. Bureau of Reclamation. Retrieved 2010-08-19. 
  5. ^ "Lake Cascade: Q & A." Idaho Statesman 13 April 2003: A4.
  6. ^ Phillips, Roger (April 13, 2003). "Lake Cascade: Will draining work? Plan may revive one of state's favorite fishing spots". Idaho Statesman. pp. A1+. Retrieved 2007-07-08. 
  7. ^ "Operational Changes in Support of Lake Cascade Fishery Restoration, Boise Project, Payette Division, ID". Federal Register: (Volume 69, Number 74)] 69 (74): p.20639. April 16, 2004. fr16ap04-77. Retrieved 2007-07-08. 
  8. ^ "Forestry, Agricultural, and Stormwater Best Management Practices Improve Quality of Reservoir". Section 319 Nonpoint source program success story: Idaho (EPA Office of Water). 2005. EPA 841-F-05-004C. Retrieved 2007-07-08.